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1.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 17(1): 87, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387604

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adoptive T cell-transfer (ATC) therapy is a highly promising cancer-treatment approach. However, in vivo-administered T cells tend to disperse, with only a small proportion reaching the tumour. To remedy this, magnetic targeting of T cells has been recently explored. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) functionalised with antibodies were attached to effector T cells and magnetically recruited to tumour sites under MRI guidance. In this study, we investigated whether 3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane (APS)-coated MNPs directly attached to CD8+ T cell membranes could also magnetically target and accumulate tumour-specific CD8+ T cells in solid tumours using an external magnetic field (EMF). As it has been shown that T cells associated with APS-coated MNPs are retained in lymph nodes (LNs), and tumour-draining LNs are the most common sites of solid-tumour metastases, we further evaluated whether magnetic targeting of APS-MNP-loaded CD8+ T cells could cause them to accumulate in tumour-draining LNs. RESULTS: First, we show that antigen-specific CD8+ T cells preserve their antitumor activity in vitro when associated with APS-MNPs. Next, we demonstrate that the application of a magnetic field enhanced the retention of APS-MNP-loaded OT-I CD8+ T cells under flow conditions in vitro. Using a syngeneic mouse model, we found similar numbers of APS-MNP-loaded OT-I CD8+ T cells and OT-I CD8+ T cells infiltrating the tumour 14 days after cell transfer. However, when a magnet was placed near the tumour during the transfer of tumour-specific APS-MNP-loaded CD8+ T cells to improve tumour infiltration, a reduced percentage of tumour-specific T cells was found infiltrating the tumour 14 days after cell transfer, which was reflected in a smaller reduction in tumour size compared to tumour-specific CD8+ T cells transferred with or without MNPs in the absence of a magnetic field. Nonetheless, magnet placement near the tumour site during cell transfer induced infiltration of activated tumour-specific CD8+ T cells in tumour-draining LNs, which remained 14 days after cell transfer. CONCLUSIONS: The use of an EMF to improve targeting of tumour-specific T cells modified with APS-MNPs reduced the percentage of these cells infiltrating the tumour, but promoted the retention and the persistence of these cells in the tumour-draining LNs.


Assuntos
Transferência Adotiva , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/transplante , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Permeabilidade da Membrana Celular , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Linfonodos/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Propilaminas/química , Silanos/química
2.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 365-379, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200238

RESUMO

The biological function of the natural ent-kaurene diterpenoid isolated from genus Isodon, oridonin, has been intensively studied. However, its mechanism studies and clinical applications were hampered by its moderate biological activities. In order to enlarge the applied range of oridonin and explore its mechanism of action, a series of derivatives were designed and synthesized based on the structure of oridonin. Some of the derivatives were significantly more potent than oridonin against four cancer cell lines. Especially, the most potent compound 20 markedly inhibited the proliferation of well differentiated HepG2 and poorly differentiated PLC/PRF/5 cells, with IC50 values as low as 1.36 µM and 0.78 µM respectively, while the IC50 values of oridonin are 8.12 µM and 7.41 µM. We found that compound 20 inhibited liver cancer cell proliferation via arresting cell cycle at G1 phase. Moreover, it induced liver cancer cell apoptosis by decreasing the mitochondrial membrane potential, increasing intracellular reactive oxygen species level and inducing the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Furthermore, compound 20 significantly inhibited growth of PLC/PRF/5 xenograft tumors in nude mice and had no observable toxic effect. Altogether, these results indicated that compound 20 is a promising lead for liver cancer therapeutics.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos de Caurano/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos de Caurano/síntese química , Diterpenos de Caurano/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 390-400, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202127

RESUMO

Two iridium(III) polypyridyl complexes [Ir(ppy)2(HPIP)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(ppy)2(BHPIP)](PF6) (Ir-2) and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo was evaluated. The cytotoxic activity in vitro of the complexes and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo against cancer cells was investigated by MTT methods. Ir-1 and Ir-2 show no cytotoxic activity, while Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo exhibit high cytotoxic effect. The IC50 values range from 5.2 ±â€¯0.8 to 22.3 ±â€¯1.8 µM. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, the change of mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular Ca2+ levels and a release of cytochrome c were investigated. The effect of Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo on microtubules was also explored. In the C57BL/6 mice model, Ir-1 only displays a tumor inhibitory rate of 23.21%, while lr-1-Lipo exhibits satisfactory in vivo antitumor efficacy with tumor inhibitory rate of 72.55%. This study demonstrates that complexes encapsulated in liposomes induce apoptosis in B16 through ROS-mediated lysosomal-mitochondria dysfunction, inhibition of polymerization of microtubules and induce cell cycle arrest at S phase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Desenho de Drogas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Irídio/farmacologia , Lipossomos/química , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 401-416, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202128

RESUMO

This work mainly introduces the synthesis and characterization of three iridium(III) complexes [Ir(ppy)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(bzq)2(addpz)](PF6) (Ir-2) and [Ir(piq)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-3). The complexes are more cytotoxic than cisplatin against tumor cell lines such as SGC-7901, A549, HeLa, Eca-109, HepG2 and BEL-7402. The toxicity test results indicated that complexes Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 can effectively inhibit the cell growth of SGC-7901 cells, and the measured IC50 values are 1.8 ±â€¯0.4, 1.6 ±â€¯0.3 and 0.8 ±â€¯0.1 µM, respectively. AO/EB staining and flow apoptosis confirmed that SGC-7901 cells were caused apoptosis after being treated with the complexes. Along with the increase of endogenous ROS and Ca2+ levels, mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and massive release of cytochrome c, it is fully demonstrated that these complexes induce apoptosis through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway. At the same time, the complex Ir-3 is outstanding in the inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. Combined with the above results, it provides a favorable foundation for the future development of more effective anti-tumor drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Irídio/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 417-432, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202990

RESUMO

In novel synthetic 28 4-arylamino-6-fluoro quinazoline derivatives, compound 3a displayed the most remarkable inhibitory activities against tumor cells (IC50 values ranging between 0.71 and 2.30 µM) in vitro. Importantly, 3a obviously inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of A549 cells in a zebrafish xenograft model, while also mediated cell apoptosis and G0/G1-phase cell cycle arrest in A549 cells. Interestingly, 3a had excellent fluorescence at 439 nm (λex = 375 nm) in DMSO and at 428 nm (λex = 372 nm) in 0.5% DMSO-phosphate buffer, and the self-fluorescent characteristic revealed 3a itself accumulates in the mitochondria of A549 cells, which suggested the antitumor process of 3a may involve the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. The hypothesis was verified by the increase of the intracellular reactive oxygen species, the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome C from the mitochondria into the cytoplasm, and the cascade activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 when A549 cells were treated with 3a. This work has great implications for further development of anticancer agents that can be enriched in mitochondria and can be tracked in real-time in biological systems due to the ideal fluorescence.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fluorescência , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Quinazolinas/síntese química , Quinazolinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
6.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 530-543, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212132

RESUMO

Extracellular regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) signalling has been implicated in driving a number of cellular phenotypes including endothelial cell angiogenesis and tumour cell motility. Novel ERK5 inhibitors were identified using high throughput screening, with a series of pyrrole-2-carboxamides substituted at the 4-position with an aroyl group being found to exhibit IC50 values in the micromolar range, but having no selectivity against p38α MAP kinase. Truncation of the N-substituent marginally enhanced potency (∼3-fold) against ERK5, but importantly attenuated inhibition of p38α. Systematic variation of the substituents on the aroyl group led to the selective inhibitor 4-(2-bromo-6-fluorobenzoyl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide (IC50 0.82 µM for ERK5; IC50 > 120 µM for p38α). The crystal structure (PDB 5O7I) of this compound in complex with ERK5 has been solved. This compound was orally bioavailable and inhibited bFGF-driven Matrigel plug angiogenesis and tumour xenograft growth. The selective ERK5 inhibitor described herein provides a lead for further development into a tool compound for more extensive studies seeking to examine the role of ERK5 signalling in cancer and other diseases.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 7 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 7 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
7.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 667-686, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228810

RESUMO

PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays an important role in cancer cell growth and survival. In this study, a new class of molecules with skeleton of 4-phenyl-2H-benzo[b] [1,4]oxazin-3(4H)-one were designed and synthesized targeting this pathway. Bioassays showed that, among all the molecules, 8d-1 was a pan-class I PI3K/mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.63 nM against PI3Kα. In a wide panel of protein kinases assays, no off-target interactions of 8d-1 were identified. 8d-1 was orally available, and displayed favorable pharmacokinetic parameters in mice (oral bioavailability of 24.1%). In addition, 8d-1 demonstrated significant efficiency in Hela/A549 tumor xenograft models (TGI of 87.7% at dose of 50 mg/kg in Hela model) without causing significant weight loss and toxicity during 30 days treatment. Based on the bioassays, compound 8d-1 could be used as an anti-cancer drug candidate.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzoxazinas/administração & dosagem , Benzoxazinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 705-714, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229873

RESUMO

As part of our effort to develop new molecular targeted antitumor drug, a novel 2,7-naphthyridone-based MET kinase inhibitor, 8-((4-((2-amino-3-chloropyridin-4-yl)oxy)- 3-fluorophenyl)amino)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,7-naphthyridin-1(2H)-one (13f), was identified. Knowledge of the binding mode of BMS-777607 in MET led to the design of new inhibitors that utilize novel 2,7-naphthyridone scaffold to conformationally restrain the key pharmacophoric groups (block C). Detailed SAR studies resulted in the discovery of a new MET inhibitor 13f, displaying favorable in vitro potency and oral bioavailability. More importantly, 13f exhibited excellent in vivo efficacy (tumor growth inhibition/TGI of 114% and 95% in 50 mg/kg, respectively) both in the U-87 MG and HT-29 xenograft models. The favorable drug-likeness of 13f indicated that 2,7-naphthyridinone may be used a promising novel scaffold for antitumor drug development. The preclinical studies of 13f are under way.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 782-801, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238183

RESUMO

Wogonin, a natural product isolated from the plant Scutellaria baicalensis, has been shown to be a potent and selective inhibitor of CDK9. With the purpose of investigating the activity and selectivity of this chemical scaffold, several series of wogonin derivatives were prepared and screened for CDK9 inhibition and cellular antiproliferative activity. Among these compounds, the drug-like compound 51 showed potent activity against CDK9 (IC50 = 19.9 nM) and MV4-11 cell growth (IC50 = 20 nM). In addition, compound 51 showed much improved physicochemical properties, such as water solubility, compared with the parent compound wogonin. The follow-up studies showed that the compound 51 is selective toward CDK9-overexpressing cancer cells over normal cells. Preliminary mechanism studies on the anticancer effect indicated that 51 inhibited the proliferation of MV4-11 cells via caspase-dependent apoptosis. In addition, highlighted compound 51 showed significant antitumor activity in mouse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) models without producing apparent toxic effects in vivo, which gave us a new tool for further investigation of CDK9-targeted inhibitor as a potential antitumor drug especially for AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Flavanonas/síntese química , Flavanonas/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2311, 2019 05 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127094

RESUMO

Metastasis underlies the majority of cancer-related deaths yet remains poorly understood due, in part, to the lack of models in vivo. Here we show that expression of the EMT master inducer Snail in primary adult Drosophila intestinal tumors leads to the dissemination of tumor cells and formation of macrometastases. Snail drives an EMT in tumor cells, which, although retaining some epithelial markers, subsequently break through the basal lamina of the midgut, undergo a collective migration and seed polyclonal metastases. While metastases re-epithelialize over time, we found that early metastases are remarkably mesenchymal, discarding the requirement for a mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition for early stages of metastatic growth. Our results demonstrate the formation of metastases in adult flies, and identify a key role for partial-EMTs in driving it. This model opens the door to investigate the basic mechanisms underlying metastasis, in a powerful in vivo system suited for rapid genetic and drug screens.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição da Família Snail/metabolismo , Animais , Drosophila melanogaster , Feminino , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia
11.
Cancer Immunol Immunother ; 68(7): 1133-1141, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31139925

RESUMO

Advanced oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) have limited therapeutic options. Although immune therapies are emerging as a potentially effective alternative or adjunct to chemotherapies, the therapeutic efficacy of combination immune chemotherapies has yet to be determined. Using a 4-nitroquinolone-N-oxide (4NQO) orthotopic model of OSCC in immunocompetent mice, we evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of single- and combined-agent treatment with a poly-epitope tumor peptide vaccine, cisplatin and/or an A2AR inhibitor, ZM241385. The monotherapies or their combinations resulted in a partial inhibition of tumor growth and, in some cases, a significant but transient upregulation of systemic anti-tumor CD8+ T cell responses. These responses eroded in the face of expanding immunoregulatory cell populations at later stages of tumor progression. Our findings support the need for the further development of combinatorial therapeutic approaches that could more effectively silence dominant immune inhibitory pathways operating in OSCC and provide novel, more beneficial treatment options for this tumor.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Bucais/terapia , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , 4-Nitroquinolina-1-Óxido/toxicidade , Animais , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias Bucais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Bucais/imunologia , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/induzido quimicamente , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Triazinas/uso terapêutico , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Vacinas de Subunidades/uso terapêutico
12.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(6): 1596-1605, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099374

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor, accounting for about 7% of all malignant tumors. Palmatine hydrochloride (PaH) is the alkaloid constituent of Fibraurea tinctoria Lour. The present study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with PaH (PaH-PDT) on human OSCC cell lines both in vitro and in vivo. The results indicate that PaH-PDT exhibited a potent phototoxic effect in cell proliferation and produced cell apoptosis. PaH-PDT increased the percentage of cells in the G0/G1 phase and decreased the CDK2 and Cyclin E1 protein level. In addition, PaH-PDT markedly increased the generation of intracellular ROS, which can be suppressed using the ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Furthermore, PaH-PDT increased the expression of p53 protein in vitro and in vivo. In vivo experiments revealed that the PaH-PDT resulted in an effective inhibition of tumor growth and prolonged the survival time of tumor-bearing mice. Moreover, no obvious signs of side effects or a drop in body weight was observed. These results suggested that PaH was a promising sensitizer that can be combined with light to produce significant anti-tumor effects in oral squamous cell carcinoma via enhanced ROS production and up-regulated expression of p53.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Berberina/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
Nat Methods ; 16(6): 526-532, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31086341

RESUMO

Glucose is a major source of energy for most living organisms, and its aberrant uptake is linked to many pathological conditions. However, our understanding of disease-associated glucose flux is limited owing to the lack of robust tools. To date, positron-emission tomography imaging remains the gold standard for measuring glucose uptake, and no optical tools exist for non-invasive longitudinal imaging of this important metabolite in in vivo settings. Here, we report the development of a bioluminescent glucose-uptake probe for real-time, non-invasive longitudinal imaging of glucose absorption both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, we demonstrate that the sensitivity of our method is comparable with that of commonly used 18F-FDG-positron-emission-tomography tracers and validate the bioluminescent glucose-uptake probe as a tool for the identification of new glucose transport inhibitors. The new imaging reagent enables a wide range of applications in the fields of metabolism and drug development.


Assuntos
Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/fisiologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Animais , Transporte Biológico , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/metabolismo , Humanos , Luciferases/metabolismo , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2225, 2019 05 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110179

RESUMO

The effective prevention of tumor initiation, especially for potentially inoperable tumors, will be beneficial to obtain an overall higher quality of our health and life. Hence, thorough understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of early tumor formation arising from identifiable cellular origins is required to develop efficient preventative and early treatment options for each tumor type. Here, using genetically engineered mouse models, we provide preclinical experimental evidence for a long-standing open question regarding the pathophysiological potential of a microenvironmental and physiological stressor in tumor development, gastric acid-mediated regional microscopic injury in foregut squamous epithelia. This study demonstrates the association of gastric acid stress with Cyclooxygenase-2-dependent tumor formation originating from tumor-competent Krt5+/Krt15+ foregut basal progenitor cells. Our findings suggest that clinical management of microenvironmental stressor-mediated microscopic injury may be important in delaying tumor initiation from foregut basal progenitor cells expressing pre-existing tumorigenic mutation(s) and genetic alteration(s).


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/patologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Ácido Gástrico/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/patologia , Células-Tronco/patologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Digestório/patologia , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Epitélio/patologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/etiologia , Queratina-15/genética , Queratina-15/metabolismo , Queratina-5/genética , Queratina-5/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neoplasias Experimentais/etiologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacologia , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral
15.
Drug Des Devel Ther ; 13: 1107-1115, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040647

RESUMO

Background: With the development of drug delivery, novel tools and technological approaches have captured the attention of researchers in recent years. Several target drug delivery systems (DDSs) including nanoparticles (NPs) have been developed as an important strategy to deliver classical medicine. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the application of novel daunorubicin (DNR)-loaded poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-poly-l-lysine-polyethylene glycol-transferrin (Tf) nanoparticles (DNR-loaded NPs) in hematologic malignancies in vitro and in vivo. Materials and methods: DNR-loaded NPs were prepared by the modified double-emulsion solvent evaporation/diffusion method, and its microscopic form was observed under scanning electron microscope. Intracellular distribution of DNR was directly detected by fluorescence microscopy. After establishment of a tumor xenograft model by injecting K562 cells into the left leg of nude mice, the therapeutic effect of the DNR-loaded NPs on the growth of tumors was measured by calculating the tumor size, and the relative expression of Caspase-3 protein was detected by immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, intracellular concentration of DNR and the extent of cell apoptosis in primary leukemia cells were quantified by flow cytometry. Results: DNR-loaded NPs had a spherical shape of about 180 nm in diameter. DNR-loaded NP group showed a significant enhancement of cellular uptake in K562 cells compared with DNR group. Tumor inhibition rate was higher in DNR-loaded NP group in comparison with DNR group, and the relative expression of Caspase-3 protein was upregulated in DNR-loaded NP group compared with DNR group. Furthermore, DNR-loaded NPs obviously increased intracellular concentration of DNR in primary leukemia cells compared with DNR group, but there was no significant difference in primary cell apoptosis between the two groups. These findings suggest that the novel NP DDS can enhance the performance of conventional antitumor drugs and may be suitable for further application in the treatment of hematologic malignancies.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Daunorrubicina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas/química , Poliésteres/química , Polilisina/análogos & derivados , Transferrina/química , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Daunorrubicina/química , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Células K562 , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polilisina/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 172: 62-70, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30947122

RESUMO

In the present study a library of thiophenol-formaldehyde-triazole (TFT) derivatives was synthesized and screened against CAOV3, CAOV4 and ES-2 ovary cancer cell lines. Initial screening revealed that five-compounds 5a, 5b, 5j, 5h and 5i inhibited the viability of tested cell lines. Analysis of apoptosis revealed that increase in compound 5a (most active) concentration from 0.25 to 2.0 µM enhanced apoptotic cell proportion. Transwell assay showed reduction in invasive potential of CAOV3 cells on treatment with compound 5a. In wound healing assay increasing the concentration of compound 5a from 0.5 to 2.0 µM caused a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the migration potential. Western blotting showed that compound 5a treatment markedly decreased the level of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 in CAOV3 cells. Treatment of CAOV3 cells with compound 5a caused a marked decrease in Focal Adhesion Kinase (FAK) activation. Tumor growth was inhibited in the compound 5a treated mice markedly than those of untreated group. The tumor metastasis to liver, intestine, spleen and peritoneal cavity was markedly decreased in mice treated with 10 mg/kg dose of compound 5a. Examination of Von Willebrand factor (vWF) expression in liver, intestinal and pulmonary lesions showed a marked decrease in the compound 5a-treated mice. The infiltration of macrophages in the metastatic lesions showed a significant decrease in compound 5a-treated mice. In conclusion, the compound 5a inhibited ovary cancer cell viability and induced apoptosis through decrease in expression of vWF and metalloproteinase, suppression of FAK activation and decrease in infiltration of macrophages. The compound 5a therefore can be investigated further for the treatment of ovary cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Formaldeído/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Fenóis/farmacologia , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Formaldeído/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fenóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Triazóis/síntese química , Triazóis/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1653, 2019 04 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30971697

RESUMO

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is an aggressive subtype of acute leukemia, the cell of origin of which is considered to be precursors of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs). Since translocation (6;8)(p21;q24) is a recurrent anomaly for BPDCN, we demonstrate that a pDC-specific super-enhancer of RUNX2 is associated with the MYC promoter due to t(6;8). RUNX2 ensures the expression of pDC-signature genes in leukemic cells, but also confers survival and proliferative properties in BPDCN cells. Furthermore, the pDC-specific RUNX2 super-enhancer is hijacked to activate MYC in addition to RUNX2 expression, thereby promoting the proliferation of BPDCN. We also demonstrate that the transduction of MYC and RUNX2 is sufficient to initiate the transformation of BPDCN in mice lacking Tet2 and Tp53, providing a model that accurately recapitulates the aggressive human disease and gives an insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of BPDCN.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 6/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Elementos Facilitadores Genéticos/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Células Jurkat , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Translocação Genética/genética , Irradiação Corporal Total
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(16): 14684-14692, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942569

RESUMO

Developing a highly efficient carrier for tumor-targeted delivery and site-specific release of anticancer drugs is a good way to overcome the side effects of traditional cancer chemotherapy. Benefiting from the nontoxic and biocompatible characteristics, DNA-based drug carriers have attracted increasing attention. Herein, we reported a novel and readily manipulated strategy to construct spherical DNA nanocarriers. In this strategy, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-catalyzed DNA extension reaction is used to prepare a thick DNA layer on a gold nanoparticle (AuNP) surface by extending long poly(C) sequences from DNA primers immobilized on AuNPs. The poly(C) extension products can then hybridize with G-rich oligonucleotides to give CG-rich DNA duplexes (for loading anticancer drug doxorubicin, Dox) and multiple AS1411 aptamers. Via synergic recognition of multiple aptamer units to nucleolin proteins, biomarker of malignant tumors, Dox-loaded DNA carrier can be efficiently internalized in cancer cells and achieve burst release of drugs in acidic organelles because of i-motif formation-induced DNA duplex destruction. An as-prepared pH-responsive drug carrier was demonstrated to be promising for highly efficient delivery of Dox and selective killing of cancer cells in both in vitro and in vivo experiments, thus showing a huge potential in anticancer therapy.


Assuntos
Adutos de DNA , DNA Nucleotidilexotransferase/química , Doxorrubicina , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Adutos de DNA/química , Adutos de DNA/farmacologia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Preparações de Ação Retardada/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/química , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Feminino , Ouro/química , Ouro/farmacologia , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Células NIH 3T3 , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Oligodesoxirribonucleotídeos/química , Oligodesoxirribonucleotídeos/farmacologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Dalton Trans ; 48(19): 6492-6500, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994660

RESUMO

Ru(ii) polypyridyl complexes which can undergo photo-induced ligand dissociation and DNA covalent binding are considered as potential photoactivated chemotherapeutic (PACT) agents. Herein four pyridine-2-sulfonate (py-SO3-) ligand based Ru(ii) complexes [Ru(N-N)2(py-SO3)]+ (1-4) were synthesized and studied. All the complexes can undergo fast py-SO3- ligand dissociation and DNA covalent binding upon visible light irradiation. However, only complex 4 exhibited high photo-induced anticancer activities towards a series of cancer cells, with half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values in 100-300 nM regions and phototoxicity index (PI) values of about 100. In particular, complex 4 can also kill cisplatin resistant SKOV-3 and A549 cancer cells with IC50 values in 200-400 nM regions and PI values of about 50, which should be the first report of Ru(ii) based PACT agents that are also effective towards cisplatin resistant cancer cells. Complex 4 exhibited much higher cell uptake and nuclear accumulation levels, which may be the main reasons for its high anticancer activities. The in vivo anticancer experiments indicated that complex 4 can inhibit tumor growth significantly with fewer side effects. Our results may provide guidelines for developing novel photoactivatable Ru(ii) anticancer agents.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Luz , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Rutênio/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Rutênio/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 173: 1-14, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30981112

RESUMO

Further optimization of the trimethoxyphenyl scaffold of parent chalcone compound (2a) by introducing a pyridine ring afforded a series of novel pyridine-chalcone derivatives as potential anti-tubulin agents. All the target compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities. Among them, representative compound 16f exhibited the most potent activity with the IC50 values ranging from 0.023 to 0.045 µM against a panel of cancer cell lines. Further mechanism study results demonstrated that compound 16f effectively inhibited the microtubule polymerization by binding to the colchicine site of tubulin. Moreover, cellular mechanism studies disclosed that 16f caused G2/M phase arrest, induced cell apoptosis and disrupted the intracellular microtubule network. Also, 16f reduced the cell migration and disrupted the capillary-like tube formation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Importantly, 16f significantly inhibited tumor growth in H22 xenograft models without apparent toxicity, which was stronger than the reference compound CA-4, indicating that it is worthy to investigate 16f as a potent microtubule-destabilizing agent for cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Chalcona/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Piridinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Chalcona/síntese química , Chalcona/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Células K562 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Piridinas/síntese química , Piridinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
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