Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.115
Filtrar
1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201897

RESUMO

Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMN) are common and one of the main precursor lesions of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). PDAC derived from an IPMN is called intraductal papillary mucinous carcinoma (IPMC) and defines a subgroup of patients with ill-defined specificities. As compared to conventional PDAC, IPMCs have been associated to clinical particularities and favorable pathological features, as well as debated outcomes. However, IPMNs and IPMCs include distinct subtypes of precursor (gastric, pancreato-biliary, intestinal) and invasive (tubular, colloid) lesions, also associated to specific characteristics. Notably, consistent data have shown intestinal IPMNs and associated colloid carcinomas, defining the "intestinal pathway", to be associated with less aggressive features. Genomic specificities have also been uncovered, such as mutations of the GNAS gene, and recent data provide more insights into the mechanisms involved in IPMCs carcinogenesis. This review synthetizes available data on clinical-pathological features and outcomes associated with IPMCs and their subtypes. We also describe known genomic hallmarks of these lesions and summarize the latest data about molecular processes involved in IPMNs initiation and progression to IPMCs. Finally, potential implications for clinical practice and future research strategies are discussed.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Animais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/classificação , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Cromograninas/genética , Progressão da Doença , Subunidades alfa Gs de Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Mutação , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/classificação , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/classificação , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299314

RESUMO

Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) acts as a tumor suppressor molecule in colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CAC), particularly during the very early stages, modulating immune responses and controlling mechanisms such as apoptosis and cell proliferation. Previously, using an experimental model of CAC, we reported increased intestinal cell proliferation and faster tumor development, which were consistent with more signs of disease and damage, and reduced survival in STAT1-/- mice, compared with WT counterparts. However, the mechanisms through which STAT1 might prevent colorectal cancer progression preceded by chronic inflammation are still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that increased tumorigenicity related to STAT1 deficiency could be suppressed by IL-17 neutralization. The blockade of IL-17 in STAT1-/- mice reduced the accumulation of CD11b+Ly6ClowLy6G+ cells resembling granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in both spleen and circulation. Additionally, IL-17 blockade reduced the recruitment of neutrophils into intestinal tissue, the expression and production of inflammatory cytokines, and the expression of intestinal STAT3. In addition, the anti-IL-17 treatment also reduced the expression of Arginase-1 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the colon, both associated with the main suppressive activity of MDSCs. Thus, a lack of STAT1 signaling induces a significant change in the colonic microenvironment that supports inflammation and tumor formation. Anti-IL-17 treatment throughout the initial stages of CAC related to STAT1 deficiency abrogates the tumor formation possibly caused by myeloid cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Associadas a Colite/etiologia , Granulócitos/patologia , Interleucina-17/fisiologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/fisiologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Associadas a Colite/patologia , Neoplasias Associadas a Colite/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Granulócitos/imunologia , Interleucina-17/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/etiologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/fisiopatologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/deficiência , Fator de Transcrição STAT1/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
3.
Eur J Med Chem ; 222: 113608, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119833

RESUMO

The catalytic properties of small-molecule proteolysis targeting chimeras (PROTACs) may lead to uncontrolled degradation. Therefore, the main disadvantages of PROTACs are non-cancer specificity and relatively high toxicity, which limit the clinical application of PROTACs. The photocontrolled PROTACs (photoPROTACs) were proposed to overcome this issue, in which they can be triggered by ultraviolet A (UVA) or visible light to induce the degradation of the target protein. Herein, we designed several photoPROTACs to cause the degradation of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) on-demand using 365 nm light. The representative compound N2 is proved to induce the degradation of BRD4 upon irradiation. Moreover, compound N2 was successfully applied in vivo to inhibit tumor growth in a zebrafish xenograft model of skin cancer tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) in a photocontrol manner.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Língua/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Processos Fotoquímicos , Proteólise , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Neoplasias da Língua/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Língua/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra
4.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 672, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34083754

RESUMO

The inhibitory receptor PD-1 is expressed on T cells to inhibit select functions when ligated. The complete signaling mechanism downstream of PD-1 has yet to be uncovered. Here, we discovered phosphoprotein associated with glycosphingolipid-enriched microdomains 1 (PAG) is phosphorylated following PD-1 ligation and associate this with inhibitory T cell function. Clinical cohort analysis correlates low PAG expression with increased survival from numerous tumor types. PAG knockdown in T cells prevents PD-1-mediated inhibition of cytokine secretion, cell adhesion, CD69 expression, and ERK204/187 phosphorylation, and enhances phosphorylation of SRC527 following PD-1 ligation. PAG overexpression rescues these effects. In vivo, PAG contributes greatly to the growth of two murine tumors, MC38 and B16, and limits T cell presence within the tumor. Moreover, PAG deletion sensitizes tumors to PD-1 blockade. Here PAG is established as a critical mediator of PD-1 signaling and as a potential target to enhance T cell activation in tumors.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Ativação Linfocitária , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fosforilação , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia
5.
J Med Chem ; 64(13): 9120-9140, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34176264

RESUMO

A series of novel anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) degraders were designed and synthesized based on proteolysis-targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology by linking two alectinib analogs (36 and 37) with pomalidomide through linkers of different lengths and types. The most promising degrader 17 possessed a high ALK-binding affinity and potent antiproliferative activity in the ALK-dependent cell lines and did not exhibit obvious cytotoxicity in ALK fusion-negative cells. More importantly, the efficacy of compound 17 in a Karpas 299 xenograft mouse model was further evaluated based on its ALK-sustained degradation ability in vivo. The reduction in tumor weight in the compound 17-treated group (10 mg/kg/day, I.V.) reached 75.82%, while alectinib reduced tumor weight by 63.82% at a dose of 20 mg/kg/day (P.O.). Taken together, our findings suggest that alectinib-based PROTACs associated with the degradation of ALK may have promising beneficial effects for treating ALK-driven malignancies.


Assuntos
Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Quinase do Linfoma Anaplásico/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Carbazóis/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Piperidinas/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3950, 2021 06 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34168137

RESUMO

The concept that extracellular vesicles (EVs) from the diet can be absorbed by the intestinal tract of the consuming organism, be bioavailable in various organs, and in-turn exert phenotypic changes is highly debatable. Here, we isolate EVs from both raw and commercial bovine milk and characterize them by electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis, western blotting, quantitative proteomics and small RNA sequencing analysis. Orally administered bovine milk-derived EVs survive the harsh degrading conditions of the gut, in mice, and is subsequently detected in multiple organs. Milk-derived EVs orally administered to mice implanted with colorectal and breast cancer cells reduce the primary tumor burden. Intriguingly, despite the reduction in primary tumor growth, milk-derived EVs accelerate metastasis in breast and pancreatic cancer mouse models. Proteomic and biochemical analysis reveal the induction of senescence and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in cancer cells upon treatment with milk-derived EVs. Timing of EV administration is critical as oral administration after resection of the primary tumor reverses the pro-metastatic effects of milk-derived EVs in breast cancer models. Taken together, our study provides context-based and opposing roles of milk-derived EVs as metastasis inducers and suppressors.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , Leite/citologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Bovinos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Vesículas Extracelulares/química , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Distribuição Tecidual , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
7.
Theranostics ; 11(15): 7589-7599, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34158868

RESUMO

Rational: Interstitial brachytherapy (BT) is a promising radiation therapy for cancer; however, the efficacy of BT is limited by tumor radioresistance. Recent advances in materials science and nanotechnology have offered many new opportunities for BT. Methods: In this work, we developed a biomimetic nanotheranostic platform for enhanced BT. Core-shell Au@AuPd nanospheres (CANS) were synthesized and then encapsulated in platelet (PLT)-derived plasma membranes. Results: The resulting PLT/CANS nanoparticles efficiently evaded immune clearance and specifically accumulated in tumor tissues due to the targeting capabilities of the PLT membrane coating. Under endoscopic guidance, a BT needle was manipulated to deliver appropriate radiation doses to orthotopic colon tumors while sparing surrounding organs. Accumulated PLT/CANS enhanced the irradiation dose deposition in tumor tissue while alleviating tumor hypoxia by catalyzing endogenous H2O2 to produce O2. After treatment with PLT/CANS and BT, 100% of mice survived for 30 days. Conclusions: Our work presents a safe, robust, and efficient strategy for enhancing BT outcomes when adapted to treatment of intracavitary and unresectable tumors.


Assuntos
Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Plaquetas , Braquiterapia , Ouro/farmacologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Experimentais/radioterapia , Paládio/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Células RAW 264.7
8.
J Med Chem ; 64(13): 9056-9077, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34110834

RESUMO

Control of the cell cycle through selective pharmacological inhibition of CDK4/6 has proven beneficial in the treatment of breast cancer. Extending this level of control to additional cell cycle CDK isoforms represents an opportunity to expand to additional tumor types and potentially provide benefits to patients that develop tumors resistant to selective CDK4/6 inhibitors. However, broad-spectrum CDK inhibitors have a long history of failure due to safety concerns. In this approach, we describe the use of structure-based drug design and Free-Wilson analysis to optimize a series of CDK2/4/6 inhibitors. Further, we detail the use of molecular dynamics simulations to provide insights into the basis for selectivity against CDK9. Based on overall potency, selectivity, and ADME profile, PF-06873600 (22) was identified as a candidate for the treatment of cancer and advanced to phase 1 clinical trials.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 2 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
9.
J Med Chem ; 64(13): 9078-9099, 2021 07 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34129329

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) have become promising therapeutic targets in various types of cancers. In fact, several selective irreversible inhibitors capable of covalently reacting with the conserved cysteine of FGFRs are currently being evaluated in clinical trials. In this article, we optimized and discovered a novel lead compound 36 with remarkable inhibitory effects against FGFR (1-3), which is a derivative of 2H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine. The irreversible binding to FGFRs was characterized by LC-MS. This compound has been shown to exhibit significant anti-proliferation effects against NCI-H1581 and SNU-16 cancer cell lines both in vitro and in vivo. Compound 36 has also demonstrated a low toxicity profile and adequate pharmacokinetic properties and is currently under validation as a potential drug candidate.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirazóis/síntese química , Pirazóis/química , Pirimidinas/síntese química , Pirimidinas/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 3 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 May 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34070363

RESUMO

Osteolytic bone disease is a hallmark of multiple myeloma (MM) mediated by MM cell proliferation, increased osteoclast activity, and suppressed osteoblast function. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib targets MM cells and improves bone health in MM patients. Radium-223 dichloride (radium-223), the first targeted alpha therapy approved, specifically targets bone metastases, where it disrupts the activity of both tumor cells and tumor-supporting bone cells in mouse models of breast and prostate cancer bone metastasis. We hypothesized that radium-223 and bortezomib combination treatment would have additive effects on MM. In vitro experiments revealed that the combination treatment inhibited MM cell proliferation and demonstrated additive efficacy. In the systemic, syngeneic 5TGM1 mouse MM model, both bortezomib and radium-223 decreased the osteolytic lesion area, and their combination was more effective than either monotherapy alone. Bortezomib decreased the number of osteoclasts at the tumor-bone interface, and the combination therapy resulted in almost complete eradication of osteoclasts. Furthermore, the combination therapy improved the incorporation of radium-223 into MM-bearing bone. Importantly, the combination therapy decreased tumor burden and restored body weights in MM mice. These results suggest that the combination of radium-223 with bortezomib could constitute a novel, effective therapy for MM and, in particular, myeloma bone disease.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Mieloma Múltiplo , Neoplasias Experimentais , Animais , Bortezomib/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Camundongos , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Radioisótopos/farmacologia , Rádio (Elemento)/farmacologia
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 220: 113544, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052678

RESUMO

10-Hydroxyevodiamine is a multitargeting antitumor lead compound with excellent in vitro activity. However, its in vivo antitumor potency is rather limited, which has hampered its further clinical development. To overcome this obstacle, a series of novel water-soluble derivatives of 10-hydroxyevodiamine were designed and synthesized. Most of them exhibited good to excellent antitumor activities against several cancer cell lines. In particular, phosphate derivative 9 was orally active and showed improved in vivo antitumor efficacy in HCT116 xenograft models. Further antitumor mechanism studies indicated that compound 9 acted by triple Top1/Top2/tubulin inhibition and induced apoptosis with G2/M cell cycle arrest. Taken together, this study extended the structure-activity relationship of evodiamine and identified phosphate derivative 9 as a promising antitumor lead compound.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Fosfatos/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA Topoisomerases Tipo I/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células HCT116 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fosfatos/administração & dosagem , Fosfatos/química , Quinazolinas/administração & dosagem , Quinazolinas/química , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Água/química
12.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(20): 4201-4210, 2021 05 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33997867

RESUMO

Chemo-immunotherapy is a promising model for the combination treatment of cancer. Many solid tumors overexpress programmed cell death ligand (PD-L1) for immune suppression. In this study, a PD-L1 binding peptide conjugate (DCS) nanoparticle with tumor extracellular pH-responsiveness was developed for efficient chemo-immunotherapy of colon cancer. A hydrophilic D-type polypeptide (D-PPA) and two hydrophobic stearyl chains were linked with a pH-sensitive linker to obtain amphiphilic DCS, which could self-assemble into nanoparticles (NPs). Anticancer agent doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded to obtain DOX@DCS NPs, which could accumulate at the tumor site by enhanced permeability and retention effect and release D-PPA at tumor extracellular pH. The release of D-PPA could not only lead to instability and aggregation of NPs for enhanced tumor retention but also block PD-1/PD-L1 to avoid immune escape and elicit enhanced immune response. In addition, DOX could induce immunogenic cell death (ICD) of cancer cells and promote anti-tumor immune response with the combination of PD-1/PD-L1 blocking. DOX@DCS showed efficient inhibition of CT26 tumors and induced immune response both in vitro and in vivo. Overall, our study reported a facile yet robust nanosystem based on an immune blocking peptide and a chemotherapeutic ICD inducer for efficient chemo-immunotherapy of cancer.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antígeno B7-H1/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Imunoterapia , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/imunologia , Doxorrubicina/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(9): 954-963, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972797

RESUMO

The peptidyl-prolyl isomerase, Pin1, is exploited in cancer to activate oncogenes and inactivate tumor suppressors. However, despite considerable efforts, Pin1 has remained an elusive drug target. Here, we screened an electrophilic fragment library to identify covalent inhibitors targeting Pin1's active site Cys113, leading to the development of Sulfopin, a nanomolar Pin1 inhibitor. Sulfopin is highly selective, as validated by two independent chemoproteomics methods, achieves potent cellular and in vivo target engagement and phenocopies Pin1 genetic knockout. Pin1 inhibition had only a modest effect on cancer cell line viability. Nevertheless, Sulfopin induced downregulation of c-Myc target genes, reduced tumor progression and conferred survival benefit in murine and zebrafish models of MYCN-driven neuroblastoma, and in a murine model of pancreatic cancer. Our results demonstrate that Sulfopin is a chemical probe suitable for assessment of Pin1-dependent pharmacology in cells and in vivo, and that Pin1 warrants further investigation as a potential cancer drug target.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estrutura Molecular , Peptidilprolil Isomerase de Interação com NIMA/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 221: 113529, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34004471

RESUMO

Inhibition of FGF/FGFR signaling is a promising strategy for the treatment of malignances dependent from FGF stimulation, including multiple myeloma (MM). The steroidal derivative NSC12 (compound 1) is a pan-FGF trap endowed with antitumor activity in vivo. Chemical modifications of compound 1 were explored to investigate structure-activity relationships, focusing on the role of the bis(trifluoromethyl)1,3-propanediol chain, the stereochemistry at C20 and functionalization of C3 position. Our studies unveiled compound 25b, the pregnane 3-keto 20R derivative of compound 1 as an effective agent, blocking the proliferation of MM cells in vitro by inhibiting FGF-dependent receptor activation and slowing MM growth in vivo. Importantly, the absence of the hydroxyl group at C3 prevents binding to estrogen receptors, which might concur to the antitumor activity observed for compound 1, leading to a specific FGF/FGFR system inhibitor, and further supporting the role of FGFR in anticancer therapy in MM.


Assuntos
Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/análogos & derivados , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Estrutura Molecular , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 221: 113520, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34029775

RESUMO

Systematic toxicity and drug resistance significantly limited FDA-approved platinum drugs for further clinical applications. In order to reverse the resistance (MDR) and enhance their anticancer efficiency, four Pt(IV) complexes (12-15) conjugating with P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Among them, complex 14 (IC50 = 3.37 µM) efficiently reversed cisplatin resistance in SGC-7901/CDDP cell line and increased selectivity index (6.9) against normal HL-7702 cell line. Detailed mechanisms in SGC-7901/CDDP cells assays revealed that complex 14 efficiently induced apoptosis via down-regulating expression of P-gp for enhanced intracellular uptake of platinum, arrested cells at G2/M phase, induced DNA damage and initiated mitochondrial apoptosis pathway. Further in vivo studies demonstrated that the enhanced accumulation of complex 14 contributed to tumor inhibition of 75.6% in SGC-7901/CDDP xenografts, which was much higher than cisplatin (25.9%) and oxaliplatin (43%). Moreover, the low systematic toxicity made 14 a potential novel P-gp-mediated MDR modulator.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/antagonistas & inibidores , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 221: 113532, 2021 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052717

RESUMO

Long-term survivors of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) are at high risk of developing second primary neoplasms, including leukemia. For these patients, the use of classic tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as imatinib mesylate, is strongly discouraged, since this treatment causes a tremendous increase of tumor and stem cell migration and invasion. We aimed to develop agents useful for the treatment of patients with GBM and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) using an alternative mechanism of action from the TKIs, specifically based on the inhibition of tubulin polymerization. Compounds 7 and 25, as planned, not only inhibited tubulin polymerization, but also inhibited the proliferation of both GMB and CML cells, including those expressing the T315I mutation, at nanomolar concentrations. In in vivo experiments in BALB/cnu/nu mice injected subcutaneously with U87MG cells, in vivo, 7 significantly inhibited GBM cancer cell proliferation, in vivo tumorigenesis, and tumor growth, tumorigenesis and angiogenesis. Compound 7 was found to block human topoisomerase II (hTopoII) selectively and completely, at a concentration of 100 µM.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Metano/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/patologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos/síntese química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Metano/análogos & derivados , Metano/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
18.
Eur J Med Chem ; 220: 113499, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940465

RESUMO

Aberrant signaling of fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) has been identified as a driver of tumorigenesis and the development of many solid tumors, making FGFRs a compelling target for anticancer therapy. Herein, we describe the design and synthesis of pyrido[1,2-a]pyrimidinone derivatives as potent FGFR inhibitors. Examination of structure-activity relationships and preliminary assessment identified 23d as a novel FGFR inhibitor that displayed excellent potency in vitro. Candidate 23d suppressed the phosphorylation of FGFR signaling pathways and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis at low nanomolar concentration. In the kinase inhibition profile, 23d showed excellent kinase selectivity for the FGFR family. Furthermore, 23d showed higher aqueous solubility than Erdafitinib. Moreover, 23d exhibited potent antitumor activity (tumor growth inhibition = 106.4%) in FGFR2-amplified SNU-16 gastric cancer xenograft model using a daily oral dose of 30 mg/kg. These results suggest that 23d is a promising candidate for further drug development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Pirimidinonas/síntese química , Pirimidinonas/química , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 220: 113501, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33945992

RESUMO

Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a FAD-dependent enzyme, which has been proposed as a promising target for therapeutic cancer. Herein, a series of benzofuran derivatives were designed, synthesized and biochemical evaluated as novel LSD1 inhibitors based on scaffold hopping and conformational restriction strategy. Most of the compounds potently suppressed the enzymatic activities of LSD1 and potently inhibited tumor cells proliferation. In particular, the representative compound 17i exhibited excellent LSD1 inhibition at the molecular levels with IC50 = 0.065 µM, as well as anti-proliferation against MCF-7, MGC-803, H460, A549 and THP-1 tumor cells with IC50 values of 2.90 ± 0.32, 5.85 ± 0.35, 2.06 ± 0.27, 5.74 ± 1.03 and 6.15 ± 0.49 µM, respectively. The binding modes of these compounds were rationalized by molecular docking. Meanwhile, a preliminary druggability evaluation showed that compound 17i displayed favorable liver microsomal stability and weak inhibitory activity against CYPs at 10 µM. Remarkably, H460 xenograft tumors studies revealed that 17i demonstrated robust in vivo antitumor efficacy without significant side effects. All the results demonstrated that compound 17i could represent a promising lead for further development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzofuranos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Histona Desmetilases/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzofuranos/síntese química , Benzofuranos/química , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2666, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976222

RESUMO

Tumor necrosis happens commonly in advanced solid tumors. We reported that necroptosis plays a major role in tumor necrosis. Although several key necroptosis regulators including receptor interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) have been identified, the regulation of tumor necroptosis during tumor development remains elusive. Here, we report that Z-DNA-binding protein 1 (ZBP1), not RIPK1, mediates tumor necroptosis during tumor development in preclinical cancer models. We found that ZBP1 expression is dramatically elevated in necrotic tumors. Importantly, ZBP1, not RIPK1, deletion blocks tumor necroptosis during tumor development and inhibits metastasis. We showed that glucose deprivation triggers ZBP1-depedent necroptosis in tumor cells. Glucose deprivation causes mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) release to the cytoplasm and the binding of mtDNA to ZBP1 to activate MLKL in a BCL-2 family protein, NOXA-dependent manner. Therefore, our study reveals ZBP1 as the key regulator of tumor necroptosis and provides a potential drug target for controlling tumor metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Necroptose/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/genética , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Terapêutica com RNAi/métodos , Proteína Serina-Treonina Quinases de Interação com Receptores/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...