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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(87): 13066-13069, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570904

RESUMO

A platinum(ii) complex containing an aminophosphonate ligand preferentially accumulates in the endoplamic reticulum (ER) in association with potent ER stress and reactive oxygen species generation, followed by the activation of damage-associated molecular pattern signals and immune responses. Importantly, the Pt complex exhibits potent anti-tumour activities in two independent mouse models via an immunogenic cell death pathway.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Ésteres/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Organofosfonatos/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/química , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ésteres/química , Humanos , Ligantes , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Organofosfonatos/química , Compostos Organoplatínicos/química
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(17): 3758-3762, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602950

RESUMO

Ginsenoside Rh_2,firstly isolated from red ginseng,is protopanaxadiol type of steroidal saponin. Rh_2 possessed variety of activities,but bioavailability of oral administration Rh_2 was extremely low due to poor absorption. Moreover,ginsenoside Rh_2 exhibited toxicity on human normal cells. Therefore,to improve stronger anti-tumor activity and attenuate toxicity,it was essential to design and optimize chemical structure of ginsenoside Rh_2. Through n-octanoylchloride modifications,a novel ester derivative of ginsenoside Rh_2 named caprylic acid monoester of Rh_2( C-Rh_2) was designed and synthesized. Structure of novel ginsenoside derivative was identified by1 D and 2 D NMR,as well as ESI-MS analyses. Anti-tumor effect of C-Rh_2 was tested on H22 tumor bearing mice. C-Rh_2 displayed certain anti-tumor activities and exhibited less toxicity than Rh_2. In the present study,C-Rh_2 as ester form of ginsenoside Rh_2 showed better anti-tumor activity and less toxicity,but the specific mechanism needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos/síntese química , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Caprilatos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Saponinas
4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(90): 13518-13521, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608902

RESUMO

A distyryl boron dipyrromethene based photosensitiser substituted with 1,2,4,5-tetrazine and alkyne moieties was prepared. Through site-specific bioorthogonal reactions with the complementary functional tags anchored on the membrane of A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells, this versatile photosensitiser exhibited enhanced cellular uptake and photocytotoxicity. The bioorthogonal ligation was also demonstrated in tumour-bearing nude mice.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Boro/farmacologia , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Porfobilinogênio/análogos & derivados , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Imagem Óptica , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Porfobilinogênio/síntese química , Porfobilinogênio/química , Porfobilinogênio/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(10): e1900443, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468670

RESUMO

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a disease of the blood stem cells that features the oncoprotein Bcr-Abl. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are used to treat CML patients, but these have limited efficacy due to the emergence of resistance via genetic mutation. Kamebakaurin is an ent-kaurane diterpenoid that has been isolated from Rabdosia excisa (Maxim.) H.Hara. Herein, we investigate the potential of kamebakaurin as a chemotherapy reagent for the treatment of CML. We conducted in vitro and in vivo biological experiments and found that kamebakaurin potently inhibits cell proliferation, mainly by enhancing cell apoptosis and down-regulating Bcr-Abl protein levels. In addition, kamebakaurin was found to inhibit tumor growth and has no side effects on five internal organs for in vivo experiment. These results suggest that kamebakaurin is a potential anticancer agent and is a key compound for further investigations.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/antagonistas & inibidores , Isodon/química , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Proteínas de Fusão bcr-abl/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/metabolismo , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Conformação Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
6.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 163, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277636

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Therapeutic vaccines against cervical cancer remain ineffective. Previously, we demonstrated that blocking the signalling of a cytokine, interleukin 10, at the time of immunisation elicited significantly higher numbers of antigen specific T cells and inhibited tumour growth in mice. RESULTS: In the current paper, we demonstrate, in a HPV16 E6/E7 transformed TC-1 tumour mouse model, that despite increased antigen specific T cell numbers, blocking IL-10 signalling at the time of immunisation does not increase the survival time of the TC-1 tumour bearing mice compared to mice receiving the same immunisation with no IL-10 signalling blockade. Moreover, the function of tumour infiltrating T cells isolated 3 weeks post TC-1 transplantation is more suppressed than those isolated 2 weeks after tumour inoculation. We demonstrate that synthesized caerin peptides, derived from amphibian skin secretions, 1) were able to inhibit TC-1 tumour growth both in vitro and in vivo; 2) are environmentally stable; and 3) promote the secretion of pro-inflammatory interlukine-6 by TC-1 cells. Notably caerin peptides were able to increase the survival time of TC-1 tumour bearing mice after therapeutic vaccination with a HPV16E7 peptide-based vaccine containing IL-10 inhibitor, via recruiting increased levels of T cells to the tumour site. CONCLUSION: Caerin peptides increase the efficacy of a therapeutic vaccine by recruiting more T cells to the tumour site.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Anfíbios/farmacologia , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/farmacologia , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Anfíbios/uso terapêutico , Animais , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/uso terapêutico , Vacinas Anticâncer/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interleucina-10/antagonistas & inibidores , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos T/metabolismo
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2072-2077, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355563

RESUMO

Paclitaxel( PTX) is used as a broad spectrum anti-tumor medicine. However,serious drawbacks restrict clinical application of PTX. In this study,we prepared tumor-targeting and pH-sensitive lipoprotein-mimic nanocarrier containing paclitaxel( BSALC/DOPE-PTX) to study the effective antitumor activity. The in vivo targeting ability of the nanocarrier in tumor bearing nude mice was evaluated by using a Kodak in vivo imaging system FX PRO. The in vivo anti-tumor activity was evaluated in MDA-MB-231 tumor bearing mice,and representative sections were stained with hematoxylin and eosin( H&E),and examined by light microscopy. The results showed that DiR-loaded FA-BSA-LC/DOPE selectively targeted tumor,and had a relatively long residence in the tumor tissue. According to the in vivo anti-tumor activity study,FA-BSA-LC/DOPE-PTX exhibited an outstanding tumor inhibition effect with a tumor growth inhibition rate of 79.3%,and tumor tissue sections stained by hematoxylin and eosin( HE) showed severe necrosis areas and many dead cells with condensed nuclei in the FA-BSA-LC/DOPE-PTX group. Therefore,FA-BSA-LC/DOPE-PTX is a biocompatible,tumor-targeting and pH-sensitive lipoprotein-mimic nanocarrier,with a very marked anti-tumor activity in tumor-bearing mice in vivo.


Assuntos
Portadores de Fármacos , Lipoproteínas , Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
8.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 1-14, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288149

RESUMO

SAR studies on bicalutamide, enobosarm and enzalutamide analogues, functionalised with polyfluorinated groups, is presented. Among the novel bicalutamide and enobosarm derivatives synthesised, several displayed significantly improved in vitro anticancer activity, with IC50 values in the low micromolar range against four different prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, VCaP, DU-145 and 22Rv1), showing up to 48-fold increase in comparison with the parent structures. In particular, SF5 enobosarm analogues were found to be most potent compounds, full AR antagonists and with favourable ADME properties. The most promising compound (48a) was evaluated for its in vivo efficacy in PC xenograft mouse model (22Rv1) with results comparable to the standard-of-care docetaxel.


Assuntos
Anilidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Tosil/farmacologia , Anilidas/síntese química , Anilidas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Células CHO , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/antagonistas & inibidores , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/química , Feniltioidantoína/síntese química , Feniltioidantoína/química , Feniltioidantoína/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Compostos de Tosil/síntese química , Compostos de Tosil/química
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 352-364, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200237

RESUMO

Targeting CDK4/6 has been identified as an effective therapeutics for treatment of cancer. We herein reported the discovery of a series of 6-(2-(methylamino)ethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,6-naphthyridin-2-amine derivatives as CDK4/6 inhibitors against cancer. Compound 3c, which displayed high potency and selectivity on CDK4/6 (IC50 = 0.710/1.10 nM) over a variety of other kinases, possessed desirable antiproliferative activities, excellent metabolic properties, and favorable pharmacokinetic characters. In MCF-7, Colo-205, and A549 xenograft models, compound 3c exhibited significant tumor growth inhibitions with low toxicities, which could be a promising drug candidate for further development.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 365-379, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200238

RESUMO

The biological function of the natural ent-kaurene diterpenoid isolated from genus Isodon, oridonin, has been intensively studied. However, its mechanism studies and clinical applications were hampered by its moderate biological activities. In order to enlarge the applied range of oridonin and explore its mechanism of action, a series of derivatives were designed and synthesized based on the structure of oridonin. Some of the derivatives were significantly more potent than oridonin against four cancer cell lines. Especially, the most potent compound 20 markedly inhibited the proliferation of well differentiated HepG2 and poorly differentiated PLC/PRF/5 cells, with IC50 values as low as 1.36 µM and 0.78 µM respectively, while the IC50 values of oridonin are 8.12 µM and 7.41 µM. We found that compound 20 inhibited liver cancer cell proliferation via arresting cell cycle at G1 phase. Moreover, it induced liver cancer cell apoptosis by decreasing the mitochondrial membrane potential, increasing intracellular reactive oxygen species level and inducing the expression of apoptosis-related proteins. Furthermore, compound 20 significantly inhibited growth of PLC/PRF/5 xenograft tumors in nude mice and had no observable toxic effect. Altogether, these results indicated that compound 20 is a promising lead for liver cancer therapeutics.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos de Caurano/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos de Caurano/síntese química , Diterpenos de Caurano/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
11.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 390-400, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202127

RESUMO

Two iridium(III) polypyridyl complexes [Ir(ppy)2(HPIP)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(ppy)2(BHPIP)](PF6) (Ir-2) and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo were synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR. The anticancer activity in vitro and in vivo was evaluated. The cytotoxic activity in vitro of the complexes and their liposomes Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo against cancer cells was investigated by MTT methods. Ir-1 and Ir-2 show no cytotoxic activity, while Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo exhibit high cytotoxic effect. The IC50 values range from 5.2 ±â€¯0.8 to 22.3 ±â€¯1.8 µM. The apoptosis, reactive oxygen species, the change of mitochondrial membrane potential, intracellular Ca2+ levels and a release of cytochrome c were investigated. The effect of Ir-1-Lipo and Ir-2-Lipo on microtubules was also explored. In the C57BL/6 mice model, Ir-1 only displays a tumor inhibitory rate of 23.21%, while lr-1-Lipo exhibits satisfactory in vivo antitumor efficacy with tumor inhibitory rate of 72.55%. This study demonstrates that complexes encapsulated in liposomes induce apoptosis in B16 through ROS-mediated lysosomal-mitochondria dysfunction, inhibition of polymerization of microtubules and induce cell cycle arrest at S phase.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Desenho de Drogas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Irídio/farmacologia , Lipossomos/química , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Polímeros/química , Polímeros/farmacologia , Piridinas/química , Piridinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
12.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 401-416, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202128

RESUMO

This work mainly introduces the synthesis and characterization of three iridium(III) complexes [Ir(ppy)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-1), [Ir(bzq)2(addpz)](PF6) (Ir-2) and [Ir(piq)2(adppz)](PF6) (Ir-3). The complexes are more cytotoxic than cisplatin against tumor cell lines such as SGC-7901, A549, HeLa, Eca-109, HepG2 and BEL-7402. The toxicity test results indicated that complexes Ir-1, Ir-2 and Ir-3 can effectively inhibit the cell growth of SGC-7901 cells, and the measured IC50 values are 1.8 ±â€¯0.4, 1.6 ±â€¯0.3 and 0.8 ±â€¯0.1 µM, respectively. AO/EB staining and flow apoptosis confirmed that SGC-7901 cells were caused apoptosis after being treated with the complexes. Along with the increase of endogenous ROS and Ca2+ levels, mitochondrial membrane potential collapse and massive release of cytochrome c, it is fully demonstrated that these complexes induce apoptosis through ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway. At the same time, the complex Ir-3 is outstanding in the inhibition of tumor growth in vivo. Combined with the above results, it provides a favorable foundation for the future development of more effective anti-tumor drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Irídio/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Irídio/química , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 417-432, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202990

RESUMO

In novel synthetic 28 4-arylamino-6-fluoro quinazoline derivatives, compound 3a displayed the most remarkable inhibitory activities against tumor cells (IC50 values ranging between 0.71 and 2.30 µM) in vitro. Importantly, 3a obviously inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of A549 cells in a zebrafish xenograft model, while also mediated cell apoptosis and G0/G1-phase cell cycle arrest in A549 cells. Interestingly, 3a had excellent fluorescence at 439 nm (λex = 375 nm) in DMSO and at 428 nm (λex = 372 nm) in 0.5% DMSO-phosphate buffer, and the self-fluorescent characteristic revealed 3a itself accumulates in the mitochondria of A549 cells, which suggested the antitumor process of 3a may involve the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. The hypothesis was verified by the increase of the intracellular reactive oxygen species, the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, the release of cytochrome C from the mitochondria into the cytoplasm, and the cascade activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 when A549 cells were treated with 3a. This work has great implications for further development of anticancer agents that can be enriched in mitochondria and can be tracked in real-time in biological systems due to the ideal fluorescence.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fluorescência , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Células A549 , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Quinazolinas/síntese química , Quinazolinas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 667-686, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228810

RESUMO

PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays an important role in cancer cell growth and survival. In this study, a new class of molecules with skeleton of 4-phenyl-2H-benzo[b] [1,4]oxazin-3(4H)-one were designed and synthesized targeting this pathway. Bioassays showed that, among all the molecules, 8d-1 was a pan-class I PI3K/mTOR inhibitor with an IC50 of 0.63 nM against PI3Kα. In a wide panel of protein kinases assays, no off-target interactions of 8d-1 were identified. 8d-1 was orally available, and displayed favorable pharmacokinetic parameters in mice (oral bioavailability of 24.1%). In addition, 8d-1 demonstrated significant efficiency in Hela/A549 tumor xenograft models (TGI of 87.7% at dose of 50 mg/kg in Hela model) without causing significant weight loss and toxicity during 30 days treatment. Based on the bioassays, compound 8d-1 could be used as an anti-cancer drug candidate.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoxazinas/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzoxazinas/administração & dosagem , Benzoxazinas/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
15.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 705-714, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229873

RESUMO

As part of our effort to develop new molecular targeted antitumor drug, a novel 2,7-naphthyridone-based MET kinase inhibitor, 8-((4-((2-amino-3-chloropyridin-4-yl)oxy)- 3-fluorophenyl)amino)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,7-naphthyridin-1(2H)-one (13f), was identified. Knowledge of the binding mode of BMS-777607 in MET led to the design of new inhibitors that utilize novel 2,7-naphthyridone scaffold to conformationally restrain the key pharmacophoric groups (block C). Detailed SAR studies resulted in the discovery of a new MET inhibitor 13f, displaying favorable in vitro potency and oral bioavailability. More importantly, 13f exhibited excellent in vivo efficacy (tumor growth inhibition/TGI of 114% and 95% in 50 mg/kg, respectively) both in the U-87 MG and HT-29 xenograft models. The favorable drug-likeness of 13f indicated that 2,7-naphthyridinone may be used a promising novel scaffold for antitumor drug development. The preclinical studies of 13f are under way.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento de Medicamentos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 782-801, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238183

RESUMO

Wogonin, a natural product isolated from the plant Scutellaria baicalensis, has been shown to be a potent and selective inhibitor of CDK9. With the purpose of investigating the activity and selectivity of this chemical scaffold, several series of wogonin derivatives were prepared and screened for CDK9 inhibition and cellular antiproliferative activity. Among these compounds, the drug-like compound 51 showed potent activity against CDK9 (IC50 = 19.9 nM) and MV4-11 cell growth (IC50 = 20 nM). In addition, compound 51 showed much improved physicochemical properties, such as water solubility, compared with the parent compound wogonin. The follow-up studies showed that the compound 51 is selective toward CDK9-overexpressing cancer cells over normal cells. Preliminary mechanism studies on the anticancer effect indicated that 51 inhibited the proliferation of MV4-11 cells via caspase-dependent apoptosis. In addition, highlighted compound 51 showed significant antitumor activity in mouse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) models without producing apparent toxic effects in vivo, which gave us a new tool for further investigation of CDK9-targeted inhibitor as a potential antitumor drug especially for AML.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Desenho de Drogas , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinase 9 Dependente de Ciclina , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Flavanonas/síntese química , Flavanonas/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 178: 530-543, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212132

RESUMO

Extracellular regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) signalling has been implicated in driving a number of cellular phenotypes including endothelial cell angiogenesis and tumour cell motility. Novel ERK5 inhibitors were identified using high throughput screening, with a series of pyrrole-2-carboxamides substituted at the 4-position with an aroyl group being found to exhibit IC50 values in the micromolar range, but having no selectivity against p38α MAP kinase. Truncation of the N-substituent marginally enhanced potency (∼3-fold) against ERK5, but importantly attenuated inhibition of p38α. Systematic variation of the substituents on the aroyl group led to the selective inhibitor 4-(2-bromo-6-fluorobenzoyl)-N-(pyridin-3-yl)-1H-pyrrole-2-carboxamide (IC50 0.82 µM for ERK5; IC50 > 120 µM for p38α). The crystal structure (PDB 5O7I) of this compound in complex with ERK5 has been solved. This compound was orally bioavailable and inhibited bFGF-driven Matrigel plug angiogenesis and tumour xenograft growth. The selective ERK5 inhibitor described herein provides a lead for further development into a tool compound for more extensive studies seeking to examine the role of ERK5 signalling in cancer and other diseases.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 7 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/química , Disponibilidade Biológica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 7 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(11)2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31141941

RESUMO

Tristetraprolin (TTP), a well-characterized AU-rich element (ARE) binding protein, functions as a tumor suppressor gene. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a bioactive substance derived from a natural medicinal plant affects the induction of TTP and to elucidate its mechanism. We examined the effects of natural bioactive materials including Resveratrol (RSV), thymoquinone (TQ) and curcumin on the expression of TTP in cancer cell. TQ derived from a natural plant Nigella sativa increased the expression levels of TTP mRNA and proteins in a dose-dependent manner in gastric and breast cancer cells. TQ-induced TTP increased the instability of MUC4 mRNA by direct binding of TTP to ARE in the 3'UTR of MUC4 mRNA. The induction of TTP by TQ also reduced the proliferation, migration and invasion of cancer cells. The expression of the epithelial-mesenchymal (EMT)-related genes, which were target genes of TTP, was also decreased by the TQ treatment. In the in vivo experiments using mouse melanoma cells, TQ-induced TTP inhibited metastasis of tumor cells. We have found that TQ-induced TTP might inhibit metastasis by reducing tumor cell migration and invasion through destabilization of MUC4 mRNA, which suggest the MUC4 as a novel target to TTP.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzoquinonas/farmacologia , Mucina-4/genética , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Tristetraprolina/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Benzoquinonas/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mucina-4/metabolismo , Estabilidade de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
19.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 130: 1-11, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054290

RESUMO

Natural products derived from fruits have multiple antitumor potential. However, very few have been developed for clinical therapy, due to the limited efficiency or insufficient study of their mechanism. Since lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, there is still need to explore novel compounds but their molecular mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, a new compound Final-2 was synthesized. Final-2 exhibited antitumor activity in A549 cells by promoting apoptosis and blocking autophagy. Moreover, Final-2 significantly induced G0/G1 cycle arrest and inhibited cell malignancy. Intracellular molecular targets investigation showed that Final-2 inhibited the Gluts, which resulted in downregulation of glucose metabolism and the oncogene c-Myc and Kras expression in vitro. However, according the autophagy inhibitor CQ and Kras inhibitors test, low concentration of Final-2 showed some controversial effects. In A549 xenograft mice model, 10 mg/kg and 20 mg/kg of Final-2 showed no and partial tumor inhibition, respectively. Moreover, a high dose of Final-2 induced serious liver necrosis. Therefore, the results indicated that even though Final-2 was efficient in suppressing the cancer cell growth in vitro, it failed to inhibit tumors in vivo and showed significant liver toxicity, which was its limitation as a potential antitumor drug.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/uso terapêutico , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Descoberta de Drogas , Frutas/química , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Moraceae/química , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
Photochem Photobiol Sci ; 18(6): 1596-1605, 2019 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099374

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor, accounting for about 7% of all malignant tumors. Palmatine hydrochloride (PaH) is the alkaloid constituent of Fibraurea tinctoria Lour. The present study aims to investigate the antitumor effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with PaH (PaH-PDT) on human OSCC cell lines both in vitro and in vivo. The results indicate that PaH-PDT exhibited a potent phototoxic effect in cell proliferation and produced cell apoptosis. PaH-PDT increased the percentage of cells in the G0/G1 phase and decreased the CDK2 and Cyclin E1 protein level. In addition, PaH-PDT markedly increased the generation of intracellular ROS, which can be suppressed using the ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine (NAC). Furthermore, PaH-PDT increased the expression of p53 protein in vitro and in vivo. In vivo experiments revealed that the PaH-PDT resulted in an effective inhibition of tumor growth and prolonged the survival time of tumor-bearing mice. Moreover, no obvious signs of side effects or a drop in body weight was observed. These results suggested that PaH was a promising sensitizer that can be combined with light to produce significant anti-tumor effects in oral squamous cell carcinoma via enhanced ROS production and up-regulated expression of p53.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Alcaloides de Berberina/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Bucais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Berberina/química , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Bucais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Bucais/patologia , Neoplasias Experimentais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/análise , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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