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1.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 198, 2021 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218803

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a two-hand technique combining harmonic scalpel (HS) and laparoscopic Peng's multifunction operative dissector (LPMOD) in patients who underwent laparoscopic hemihepatectomy (LHH). METHODS: We designed and conducted a case-control study nested in a prospectively collected laparoscopic liver surgery database. Patients who underwent LHH for liver parenchyma transection using HS + LPMOD were defined as cases (n = 98) and LPMOD only as controls (n = 47) from January 2016 to May 2018. Propensity score matching (1:1) between the case and control groups was used in the analyses. RESULTS: The case group had significantly less intraoperative blood loss in milliliters (169.4 ± 133.5 vs. 221.5 ± 176.3, P = 0.03) and shorter operative time in minutes (210.5 ± 56.1 vs. 265.7 ± 67.1, P = 0.02) comparing to the control group. The conversion to laparotomy, postoperative hospital stay, resection margin, the mean peak level of postoperative liver function parameters, bile leakage rate, and others were comparable between the two groups. There was no perioperative mortality. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that the two-handed technique combing HS and LPMOD in LHH is safe and effective which is associated with shorter operative time and less intraoperative blood loss compared with LPMOD alone. The technique facilitates laparoscopic liver resection and is recommended for use.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Duração da Cirurgia , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(6): 575-579, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225434

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the factors influencing radiation-induced liver injury after receiving Cyberknife stereotactic radiotherapy in patients with primary hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: 278 cases with primary hepatocellular carcinoma from July 2016 to April 2019 were prospectively enrolled. Stereotactic radiosurgery with a prescription dose of 48-55gy/5-8 times were given. Liver function, coagulation function, Child-Pugh score, and liver imaging changes were dynamically observed before and after treatment to evaluate the occurrence of radiation-induced liver injury. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the factors influencing radiation-induced liver injury. Results: Among 278 cases, 3 cases of tumor progression were excluded, and a total of 275 cases were included for analysis. The overall survival rate after 8 months of treatment was 100%. Among them, 22 cases were diagnosed as radiation-induced liver injury, with an incidence rate of 8%, and all cases were recovered after symptomatic treatment. Multivariate analysis result suggested that the peripheral white blood cell count was factors influencing the occurrence of radiation-induced liver injury. Conclusion: Cyberknife stereotactic radiotherapy has a low incidence of radiation-induced liver injury in patients with liver cancer, and it is a relatively safe treatment method. Patients with low peripheral white blood cell counts before treatment should be closely monitored for early detection and treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Doença Hepática Crônica Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Radiocirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
JSLS ; 25(2)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248343

RESUMO

Introduction: Simultaneous robot assisted colon and liver resections are being performed more frequently at present due to the expanded adoption of the robotic platform for surgical management of metastatic colon cancer. However, this approach has not been studied in detail with only case series available in the literature. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the current body of evidence on the feasibility of performing simultaneous robotic colon and liver resections. Methods: A systematic review was performed through PubMed to identify relevant articles describing simultaneous colon and liver resections for metastatic colon cancer. Results: A total of 28 patients underwent simultaneous resections robotically with an average operative time of 420.3 minutes and average blood loss of 275.6 ml. Postoperative stay was 8.6 days on average with all cases achieving negative surgical margins. Conclusions: Robotic simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer with liver metastases is technically feasible and seems oncologically equivalent to open or laparoscopic surgery. Further studies are urgently needed to assess benefits of robotic surgery in the patient population.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 43(6): 635-637, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289554

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) owns the high morbidity and mortality rates. Surgical resection is still the major pathway for the longer survival of HCC patients. Postoperative recurrence and metastasis have become the key impairment of prognosis of HCC patients. The relationship between tumor recurrence and surgical manner underwent by HCC patients is complicated and multiple factors are included. When the liver tumor was pressured during operation, tumor cells could be squeezed into blood flow via the broken vessels, which resulted in tumor metastasis. Besides, ischemia-reperfusion injury induced by Pringle maneuver during the liver blood blockade resulted in the immune destruction of liver and induced tumor recurrence.The destruction of physical barriers consisted of interstitial cells and normal liver cells was also a key factor for tumor recurrence. This paper summarizes the possible relationship between postoperative recurrence and surgical manner in HCC patients to provide the preventive suggestions for the postoperative recurrence of HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico
5.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 308, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy and safety of high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) in gastric cancer with liver metastasis (GCLM) patients who were contraindicated for either hepatectomy or radiofrequency ablation (RFA). METHODS: This is a prospective, observational study on GCLM patients with 1-3 liver metastases. The primary gastric lesions were thoroughly resected and any case that exhibited extra-hepatic metastasis was excluded. A 1:2:2 propensity score-matching analysis was performed using a logistic regression model on the HIFU group, best supportive care (BSC) group, and palliative chemotherapy (PC) group. The primary endpoints include progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Forty patients were finally included, there were 8 cases in HIFU group, 16 cases in BSC group, and 16 cases in PC group. The median follow-up time for the entire cohort was 10 months. The median PFS was 16.5 months in HIFU group, 2 months in BSC group, and 5 months in PC group. The median OS was 27.5 months in the HIFU group, 7 months in the BSC group, and 11.5 months in the PC group. Additionally, no grade 3 or higher adverse events occurred in the HIFU group. CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that HIFU treatment could improve the long-term prognosis of GCLM patients without a significant increase in the occurrence of adverse events. Compared with PC and BSC, HIFU is the preferred treatment option when GCLM patients without extra-hepatic metastasis are unable to undergo either surgery or RFA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Neoplasias Gástricas , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(7): 593-596, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256459

RESUMO

The prognosis of pancreatic cancer patients with liver metastasis (PCLM) is very poor and the median overall survival(OS) is less than 6 months.The current standard treatment for PCLM is systematic chemotherapy.Though the chemotherapeutic regimens are better than gemcitabine only,the OS remains dissatisfied.A lot of retrospective studies identified that surgical treatment can only offer survival benefits for highly selected rather than entire PCLM patients.The Chinese Study Group for Pancreatic Cancer (CSPAC) has initiated a multiple-center,prospective,randomized comparison clinical trial,named CSPAC-1 to identify the standard and value of surgical treatment of PCLM patients.This manuscript reviewed the current progress of surgical treatment for pancreatic cancer with liver metastasis and looked forward to opportunities and challenges in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(6)2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34199695

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Protease activated receptor-2 (PAR2) is elevated in a variety of cancers and has been promoted as a potential therapeutic target. However, the clinical and prognostic values of PAR2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are poorly characterized. This study aimed to evaluate the expression of PAR2 in HCC tissues and examine the prognostic value of PAR2 after resection in HCC. Materials and Methods: Two hundred and eight resected specimens were collected from HCC patients at Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital. PAR2 protein expression was assessed by western blotting in HCC tissues and matched normal tissues. The correlation between PAR2 expression and clinicopathological parameters was analyzed. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were compared using the log-rank test. A Cox regression model was used to identify independent prognostic factors. Results: PAR2 was expressed at higher levels in HCC tissues than the paired adjacent nontumor tissues. High expression of PAR2 was associated with advanced tumor, node, metastasis (TNM )stage and histological grade. Kaplan-Meier analysis indicated high PAR2 expression was associated with poorer DFS and OS compared to low PAR2 expression. Multivariate analyses indicated high PAR2 expression [hazard ratio (HR), 1.779, p = 0.006), α-fetoprotein (AFP) (HR, 1.696, p = 0.003), liver cirrhosis (HR, 1.735, p = 0.002), and advanced TNM stage (HR, 2.061, p < 0.001) were prognostic factors for DFS, and advanced TNM stage (HR, 2.741, p < 0.001) and histological grade (HR, 2.675, p = 0.002) and high PAR2 expression (HR, 1.832, p = 0.012) were significant risk factors for OS. In subgroup analyses, the combination of PAR2 expression and serum AFP provided improved prognostic ability for OS and DFS. Conclusion: Combination PAR2 and AFP predict HCC outcomes after resection. PAR2 represents a potentially clinically relevant biomarker for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Receptor PAR-2 , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 312, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For colorectal liver metastases, surgery is a high-risk procedure due to perioperative morbidity. The objective was to assess severity of complications after fast-track liver surgery for colorectal liver metastases and their impact on morbidity and mortality. METHODS: All patients were treated according to the same fast-track programme. Complications were graded according to the Clavien-Dindo classification for patients undergoing surgery from 2013 to 2015. Correlation between complications and length of stay was analysed by multivariate linear regression. RESULTS: 564 patient cases were included of which three patients died within 3 months (0.53%, 95% CI: 0.17-1.64%). Complications were common with Grade ≤ 2 in 167 patients (30%) and ≥ Grade 3a in 93 (16%). Patients without complications had a mean length of stay of 4.1 days, which increased with complications: 1.4 days (95% CI: 1.3-1.5) for Grade 2, 1.7 days (1.5-2.0) for Grade 3a, 2.3 days (1.7-3.0) for Grade 3b, 2.6 days (1.6-4.2) for Grade 4a, and 2.9 days (2.8-3.1) for Grade 4b. Following were associated with increased length of stay: complication severity grade, liver insufficiency, ascites, biliary, cardiopulmonary, and infectious complications. CONCLUSIONS: Complications after liver surgery for colorectal liver metastases, in a fast track setting, were associated with low mortality, and even severe complications only prolonged length of stay to a minor degree.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Morbidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(26): e26487, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190174

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effect of preoperative serum alpha-fetoprotein(AFP) level to total tumor volume (TTV) ratio as a prognostic marker on predicting the tumor recurrence and overall survival time of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after liver transplantation.One-hundred eight patients with HCC who underwent liver transplantation in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from April 2013 to October 2017 were studied. Divided into AFP/TTV≤2 group and AFP/TTV>2 group by the best cut-off score calculated by receiver operation characteristic curve, the clinical and pathological data of the patients in two groups were compared to explore the relationship between AFP/TTV and tumor recurrence together with the prognosis of HCC patients after liver transplantation. Risk factors of early tumor recurrence and poor prognosis of HCC in patients after liver transplantation were studied by multivariate regression analysis. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the tumor-free survival and overall survival between the two groups of patients.In 108 patients, 47 patients have AFP/TTV≤2 while 61 patients have AFP/TTV>2. Patients in AFP/TTV≤2 group have longer tumor-free survival time and overall survival time compared with patients in AFP/TTV>2 group. The age, total bilirubin level, serum AFP level, TTV, portal vein tumor thrombus and AFP/TTV (all P < .05) of patient with HCC are closely related to poor prognosis after liver transplantation. Multivariate regression analysis showed that have portal vein tumor thrombus (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.345, P < .05), TTV≥65.5 cm3 (HR = 2.701, P < .05) and AFP/TTV > 2 (HR = 4.624, P < .05) are independent risk factors for poor prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation while TTV≥65.5 cm3 (HR = 2.451, P < .05) and AFP/TTV > 2 (HR = 4.257, P < 0.05) were independent risk factors for tumor recurrence at the same time.The tumor recurrence and the prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation is affected by many factors. AFP/TTV ratio has important predictive value for the tumor recurrence and the prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation. AFP/TTV>2 is an independent risk factor for both early tumor recurrence and poor prognosis of patients with HCC after liver transplantation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Transplante de Fígado , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Veia Porta , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Veia Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Porta/patologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Carga Tumoral
10.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2089-2098, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182484

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the surrogate-guided registration accuracy of two computed tomography (CT) image sets, expiratory phase four-dimensional (Ex4D) CT and breath-holding CT (BHCT), in respiratory-gated radiotherapy for liver cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The surrogate-guided registration errors were defined as the differences between the diaphragm- and fiducial-guided registrations or the differences between upper and lower fiducial registrations in three directions: left-right (LR), anterior-posterior (AP), and cranio-caudal (CC). RESULTS: The mean±SDs of the absolute errors for diaphragm-guided registration were 1.9±1.3, 2.7±1.8, and 2.6±1.7 mm with Ex4D and 1.8±1.8, 2.6±1.9, and 1.8±1.7 mm with BHCT in the LR, AP and CC directions, respectively (CC direction, p<0.01). In the fiducial-guided registration, there were no significant differences in any direction. In registration with Ex4D, there were positive correlations between registration errors and the respiratory irregularity during 4D scanning (correlation coefficient; diaphragm: 0.65, fiducial: 0.54). CONCLUSION: BHCT has the advantage of accurate surrogate-guided registration compared with Ex4D.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Radiocirurgia , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem , Suspensão da Respiração , Tomografia Computadorizada Quadridimensional , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia
11.
In Vivo ; 35(4): 2465-2468, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with hemodialysis is increasing increased yearly. Few reports are available on hepatobiliary and gastrointestinal surgery in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 222 patients who underwent partial liver resection or segmentectomy in our hospital between January 2015 and September 2019 were included in this study. Patients were divided into the hemodialysis group (n=9) and non-hemodialysis group (n=213). RESULTS: No significant difference was observed in postoperative complications between the hemodialysis and non-hemodialysis group. The hemodialysis group had a significantly higher infectious complication rates than the non-hemodialysis group (33.3% vs. 8.0%, p=0.009). In logistic regression analysis, hemodialysis was only a significant risk factor for postoperative infectious complications (OR=5.61, 95% CI=1.12-28.20, p=0.036). CONCLUSION: Liver resections, at least segmentectomy or smaller, is acceptable in patients on hemodialysis. However, these patients may have a higher risk of postoperative infectious complications than other patients.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Fígado/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(22): e25984, 2021 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As one of the key factors, postoperative recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) influences the therapeutic effects and survival period of patients. Therefore, the early diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of HCC plays an important role in improving the therapeutic effects and prognosis. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) plays an important role in the early diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of HCC. However, the accuracy of CEUS in predicting postoperative recurrence of HCC is still controversial. Therefore, in this study, a meta-analysis was carried out to further evaluate the accuracy of CEUS in predicting postoperative recurrence of HCC, thus providing evidence support for the early diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: The literatures on the CEUS diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of HCC were collected by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, China Biology Medicine disc, PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science on computer. The retrieval time is set from the start of the database until April 2021. The meta-analysis of the literatures that meet the quality standards was conducted by Stata 16.0 software. RESULTS: The results of this meta-analysis will be submitted to a peer-reviewed journal for publication. CONCLUSION: This study will provide evidence support for the accuracy of CEUS in the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of HCC. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also should not damage participants' rights. Ethical approval is not available. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/HB46W.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa , Ultrassonografia/métodos
13.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6726-6735, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34154355

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At present, liver cancer deaths of China account for about half of the global liver cancer deaths. The most common physiological change in anesthesia surgery for liver cancer is liver ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI). METHODS: The Chinese and English medical databases were searched using a combination of the following search terms: "propofol", "liver cancer", "anesthesia surgery", and "ischemia reperfusion injury" in Chinese or English language, respectively. The articles taking patients received propofol intravenous anesthesia surgery for LIRI in the experimental group and patients received intravenous anesthesia with non-propofol drugs for LIRI in the control group were searched. Rev Man 5.3 software was used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 18 articles were included, and most were considered to have low-risk bias (that is, medium- and high-quality publications). The meta-analysis results indicated that the superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels from the blockage of the hepatic hilum (B-HH) to the 15-minute opening of the hepatic hilum (O-HH) showed a mean deviation (MD) of -0.33 nU/mL and 95% confidential interval (CI) of -1.81 to 1.15 nmol/L (P<0.05). The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) from B-HH to O-HH showed a MD of 1.80 nmol/L and 95% CI of 1.53 to 2.07 nmol/l (P<0.05). The MD of alanine transaminase (ALT) levels from B-HH to O-HH was 8.24 IU/L with 95% CI 6.43 to 10.06 IU/L (P<0.05). The MD of aspartate transaminase (AST) levels from B-HH to O-HH was -11.73 IU/L with 95% CI -14.04 to -9.43 IU/L (P<0.05). The RevMan5.3 software was used to draw the funnel chart for each indicator from B-HH to OHH. The results revealed that the circles in some articles were concentrated on the midline and were basically symmetrical with the midline, indicating that the research accuracy was high and there was no bias in publication. DISCUSSION: This meta-analysis confirmed that propofol exerted a protective effect on LIRI during anesthesia surgery with hepatic hilar blockade.


Assuntos
Anestesia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Propofol , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , China , Humanos , Fígado , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Propofol/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(24): e26265, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128857

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although evidence for the application of an albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) grading system to assess liver function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is available, less is known whether it can be applied to determine the prognosis of single HCC with different tumor sizes. This study aimed to address this gap.Here, we enrolled patients who underwent hepatectomy due to single HCC from 2010 to 2014. Analyses were performed to test the potential of the ALBI grading system to monitor the long-term survival of single HCC subjects with varying tumor sizes.A total of 265 participants were recruited. The overall survival (OS) among patients whose tumors were ≤7 cm was remarkably higher than those whose tumors were >7 cm. The Cox proportional hazards regression model identified the tumor differentiation grade, ALBI grade, and maximum tumor size as key determinants of OS. The ALBI grade could stratify the patients who had a single tumor ≤7 cm into 2 distinct groups with different prognoses. The OS between ALBI grades 1 and 2 was comparable for patients who had a single tumor >7 cm.We showed that the ALBI grading system can predict disease outcomes in patients with a single HCC with a tumor size ≤7 cm. However, the ALBI grade may not predict the prognosis of patients with a single tumor >7 cm.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Gradação de Tumores/mortalidade , Albumina Sérica/análise , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 875-886, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver resection (LR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are commonly used for the treatment of recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the optimal treatment modality remains unclear. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of LR vs RFA for recurrent HCC. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for relevant studies. The primary outcomes were overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). The secondary outcomes were major complications and hospital stay. RESULTS: Eighteen studies with 1991 patients with recurrent HCC were included. The pooled hazard ratio (HR) for OS demonstrated that LR had significantly better OS than RFA in recurrent HCC (HR, 0.81; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.68-0.95). Specifically, LR was associated with higher 2-, 3- and 4-year OS rates compared with RFA. The pooled HR for DFS showed no significant difference between LR and RFA during the whole follow-up period (HR, 0.90; 95% CI, 0.76-1.07). However, LR was associated with significantly higher 2- to 5-year DFS rates compared to RFA. LR was also associated with more major complications (p < .001) and longer hospital stay (p < .001). Subgroup analyses demonstrated that LR and RFA had similar efficacy in patients with recurrent tumors less than 3 cm or patients presenting three or fewer recurrent nodules. CONCLUSION: LR could provide better long-term survival outcomes than RFA for recurrent HCC patients, while RFA has a higher safety profile. RFA can be a good alternative to LR for patients with small-sized recurrence or patients with a limited number of recurrent nodules. However, as tumor size increases, LR tends to be more efficacious.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 887-899, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085891

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the ablation margins and safety of microwave ablation (MWA) of perivascular versus non-perivascular liver metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) and to determine the risk factors for local tumor progression (LTP) after perivascular MWA. METHODS: Between June 2017 and June 2019, 84 metastases were treated: 39 perivascular (<5 mm from a vessel >3 mm), and 46 non-perivascular. Perivascular metastases were treated with either conventional or optimized protocols (maximum power and/or several heating cycles after repositioning the needle regardless of the initial tumor dimensions). The mean diameter of metastases was 15.4 mm (SD: 7.56). RESULTS: Vascular proximity did not result in a significant difference in ablation margins. The technical success rate, primary efficacy, and secondary efficacy were 90%, 66%, and 83%, respectively. Perivascular location was not a risk factor for time to LTP (p = 0.49), RFS (p = 0.52), or OS (p = 0.54). LTP was statistically related to the presence of a colonic obstruction (p < 0.05), number of metastases at the time of diagnosis (p < 0.05), type of protocol (p < 0.05), ablation margins (p < 0.001) and LTP was proportional to the number of liver resections before MWA (p < 0.05). There was no LTP in tumors ablated with margins over 10 mm. Two grade 4 complications occurred. CONCLUSION: MWA is an effective and safe treatment for perivascular liver metastases from CRC, provided that satisfactory margins are achieved. A maximalist attitude could be related to better local control.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 931-938, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121576

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with microvascular invasion (MVI) have worse survival. Whether the presence of MVI indicates the necessity of more aggressive locoregional treatments for recurrences remains to be elucidated. METHODS: We reviewed patients who underwent curative hepatectomy for primary HCC in our institution, and 379 patients with recurrent HCC up to three nodules smaller than 3 cm were enrolled. The Kaplan-Meier method was adopted to compare the secondary recurrence-free survival (sRFS) and post-recurrence survival (PRS) among patients undergoing hepatectomy, RFA and transarterial chemoembolization plus RFA (TACE-RFA). Cox regression analyses were performed to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: Both the sRFS and PRS of the MVI (-) group were significantly longer than those of the MVI (+) group (p = 0.001 and 0.011). For patients with MVI (-), no significant difference was found in sRFS or PRS among recurrent HCC patients receiving hepatectomy, RFA or TACE-RFA (p = 0.149 and 0.821). A similar trend was found in patients with MVI (+) (p = 0.851 and 0.960). Further analysis found that TACE-RFA provided better sRFS than hepatectomy or RFA alone in patients with MVI (+) and early recurrence within two years (p = 0.036 and 0.044). CONCLUSION: For HCC patients with MVI (+) and early small recurrence, TACE-RFA could achieve better prognosis than hepatectomy or RFA alone, while RFA alone provided comparable survival benefits compared with hepatectomy or TACE-RFA in other HCC patients with small recurrence.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 900-906, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148500

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Local thermal ablation, a minimally invasive technique, has been widely used in clinical treatment of lung cancer. This study aimed to discuss the clinical efficacy of systemic chemotherapy combined with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) versus systemic chemotherapy combined with microwave ablation (MWA) in treating lung cancer. METHODS: A retrospective analysis involving 124 lung cancer patients, who received RFA (n = 68) and MWA (n = 56) combined with systemic chemotherapy in Cangzhou People's Hospital from August 2017 to December 2019, was conducted. Before comparative analysis for therapeutic efficacy, the two groups of patients were matched with propensity score matching method at a ratio of 1:1. Indicators including progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), short-term efficacy, tumor marker level, local tumor control rate, and postoperative complications were comparatively analyzed. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference in disease control rate and objective response rate (90.6% and 78.1% vs 93.8% and 84.4%) between RFA group and MWA group. The incidence of complications was 12.5% in RFA group and 18.8% in MWA group with no statistically significant difference. In addition, the local tumor control rate in MWA group (90.6%) was significantly higher than that in RFA group (78.1%). Regarding survival, a statistically significant difference was observed in median PFS of RFA and MWA groups (9.2 months vs 10.4 months, p < 0.05), while OS in two groups slightly varied. CONCLUSION: MWA was superior to RFA over local tumor control rate and PFS and showed great potential in lung cancer ablation treatment.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Micro-Ondas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 985-994, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167430

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore independent risk factors for incomplete radiofrequency ablation (iRFA) of colorectal cancer liver metastases (CRLM) and evaluate adverse outcomes following iRFA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging data of CRLM patients who received percutaneous RFA were randomized into training (70%) and validation set 1 (30%) data sets. An independent validation set 2 was derived from computed tomography scans. Uni- and multivariate analyses identified independent risk factors for iRFA. Area under the curve (AUC) values were used to evaluate the predictive model performance. Risk points were assigned to independent predictors, and iRFA was predicted according to the total risk score. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to assess new intrahepatic metastases (NIHM), unablated tumor progression, and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Multivariate regression determined as independent iRFA risk factors perivascular tumor location, subcapsular tumor location, tumor size ≥20 mm, and minimal ablative margin ≤5 mm. The AUC values of the model in the training set, validation set 1, and validation set 2 were 0.867, 0.772, and 0.820, respectively. The respective AUC values of the total risk score were 0.864, 0.768, and 0.817. During the 6-year follow-up, the cumulative OS was significantly shorter in the iRFA than in the complete RFA group, and NIHM (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.79; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.725, 4.513) and unablated tumor progression (HR = 3.473; 95% CI: 1.506, 8.007) were more severe. CONCLUSIONS: Perivascular tumor location, subcapsular tumor location, tumor size ≥20 mm, and minimal ablative margin ≤5 mm were independent risk factors for iRFA. iRFA may be a potential predictor of NIHM, unablated tumor progression, and OS.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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