Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.487
Filtrar
1.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 801-807, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533127

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effects of dasatinib (a multi-target kinase inhibitor) on the proliferation, adhesion and migration ability of SK-Hep-1 human hepatocellular cancer cells and the underlying mechanism. Methods SK-Hep-1, Bel-7402, SNU-423, SNU-387 and Huh-7 hepatocellular cancer cells were treated with dasatinib. Then MTT assay was used to detect the effect of dasatinib on the survival and proliferation of cancer cells, and the sensitive cells were obtained. SK-Hep-1 cells were cultured and treated with (0.5, 1, 2) µmol/L dasatinib, and the control group was treated with DMSO. Slow aggregation assay and dissociation assay were used to detect the effects of dasatinib on the adhesion ability of SK-Hep-1 cells. Wound healing assay was applied to observe the effect of dasatinib on the migration ability of the cancer cells. Western blotting was performed to detect the effect of dasatinib on the expression of E-cadherin. Results MTT assay showed that the proliferation of the liver cancer cells was obviously inhibited by dasatinib and SK-Hep-1 was the most sensitive cells to dasatinib. Dasatinib promoted the aggregation of SK-Hep-1 cells, inhibited cell dissociation and migration, and up-regulated E-cadherin expression. Conclusion Dasatinib can promote the aggregation and adhesion of SK-Hep-1 cells, and inhibit cell proliferation, dissociation and migration via up-regulating E-cadherin expression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Caderinas/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4505-4513, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The tumor vascular microenvironment has an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. The objective of this study was to assess the significance of metastatic hepatic tumor vascular microenvironment in relation to the response to systemic fluorouracil-based chemotherapy [folinic acid/fluorouracil/oxaliplatin (FOLFOX) or folinic acid/fluorouracil/irinotecan (FOLFIRI)]. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 48 consecutive patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) with hepatic metastasis were retrospectively reviewed, and factors such as metastatic tumor vascular microenvironment, chemotherapy response and hepatic resection, were analyzed. Tumor angiogenesis was microscopically evaluated by microvessel density (MVD) in sections stained immunochemically with antibody to CD34 in patients with hepatic resection. Angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment in association with ring enhancement (RE) on computed tomography (CT) was also examined. RESULTS: Microscopic examination revealed that peripheral RE on CT of the metastatic tumor was associated with tumor angiogenesis by MVD. The overall response rate after six courses of first-line chemotherapy for liver metastasis with RE on CT was 64% (23/36), whereas the response rate for those without RE was 25% (3/12), which was significantly lower, although the survival of patients with RE-positive and RE-negative tumors did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: Peripheral RE of metastatic hepatic tumor on CT was associated with angiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment and higher chemotherapy response.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD34/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Camptotecina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Leucovorina/farmacologia , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4555-4562, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475083

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: While there is increasing evidence supporting the role of several first- and second-line treatment regimens for advanced hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC), the clinical relevance of rechallenge treatment with previously administered drugs, however, remains to be explored. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Five consecutive patients with advanced HCC who received lenvatinib rechallenge treatment after ramucirumab were assessed. RESULTS: All patients were clinically diagnosed with failure after ramucirumab treatment, and the frequencies of ramucirumab administration before lenvatinib re-administration ranged from 3 to 11. The alfa-fetoprotein level in four of five patients decreased 1 month after the lenvatinib rechallenge. Radiological findings via the modified Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors showed stable diseases in four patients and a partial response in one. CONCLUSION: Rechallenge treatment with lenvatinib after ramucirumab can be effective, and may be a treatment option for HCC in cases wherein the disease progressed after an initial response to lenvatinib treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4637-4644, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate frailty as a prognostic factor in patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients who underwent hepatectomy at our institution were enrolled. Frailty was defined as a score of ≥4 on a clinical frailty scale. Patients were divided into frailty (n=29) and non-frailty (n=58) groups. RESULTS: Overall and cancer-specific survival rates were significantly worse in the frailty group compared with the non-frailty group, and multivariate analysis revealed frailty as an independent prognostic factor. Disease-free survival tended to be worse in the frailty group. Fifty-eight patients relapsed after the first hepatectomy. Twenty-one of 58 recurrent patients were allocated to the frailty group. After recurrence, chemotherapy was significantly more frequently performed in the non-frailty group compared with the frailty group. CONCLUSION: Frailty can predict the prognosis of patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 116(4): 506-509, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498575

RESUMO

We present the case of a 37-year-old patient with a surgical history of a gastrointestinal stromal tumor with jejunal location, AFIP classification 6a, hospitalized in our center for synchronous liver metastases. The oncological assessment performed after 12 months from surgery for primary tumor, during which Imatinib was administered, reveals stable disease. CT scan showed a single very large centrally located liver metastasis, 14 cm in diameter, involving segments V and VIII IV, IV and VII, compressing the main portal bifurcation, right hepatic vein, umbilical (scizural) vein and left hepatic vein, invading the middle hepatic vein. We considered it feasible to apply the concept of R1 vascular resection, performing a limited, non-anatomical, ultrasound-guided central hepatectomy, allowing detachment of the tumor from the right hepatic vein and from the umbilical vein. Thus, we sacrificed only the ventral portal pedicles of segments V and VIII and partially preserved these segments to avoid the risk of post-resection liver failure.Currently, the patient is disease-free after 53 months, supporting the concept of ultrasound-guided R1 vascular resection, in the context of systemic therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors for metastases of stromal gastrointestinal tumors. (video article https://www.revistachirurgia.ro/pdfs/video/Liver-Resection-Metastases-Stromal-Tumors-2283.mp4).


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Veias Hepáticas , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Veia Porta , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi ; 156(5): 303-311, 2021.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470936

RESUMO

Cabozantinib (CAB) is a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with activity against MET, VEGFR2, and AXL, among others. This drug is considered to exert excellent antitumor effects by inhibiting these targets simultaneously. Significant improvement in the primary endpoint (overall survival or PFS) were observed in patients on CAB in comparison with controls in a phase-III study in patients with renal cell carcinoma, progressed after treatment with anti-angiogenic agents, and in another phase-III study in patients with previously treated, advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. These results led to the approval of CAB in Japan in 2020 as a therapeutic agent for unresectable or metastatic renal cell carcinoma and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma progressed after cancer chemotherapy, under the trade name of CABOMETYX® (20 mg, and 60 mg tablets). It has been suggested that CAB may modulate the immune system in favor of antitumor immunity and combined use with PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors may exert a synergistic effect. In a phase-III study that examined the efficacy of combination therapy with CAB and nivolumab in treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma, progression-free survival was significantly increased in patients on combination therapy over patients on sunitinib monotherapy. Three global phase-III clinical studies of combination therapy with atezolizumab and CAB in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, castration-resistant prostate cancer, and renal cell carcinoma, are in progress to confirm the efficacy of CAB.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Renais , Neoplasias Renais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Anilidas , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Piridinas
11.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 9149-9156, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly vascularized tumor in which abnormal blood vessels contribute to poor treatment efficacy and prognosis. In this study, we assessed the efficacy, safety, and potential ability of bevacizumab to normalize tumor vascularity in patients with advanced HCC. METHODS: Patients with histologically or clinically confirmed advanced HCC that were refractory to conventional transarterial chemoembolization (c-TACE) received a transarterial infusion of bevacizumab (5 mg/kg), followed by c-TACE (named as BEVA-TACE). The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS), which was defined as the time from a patient identified as TACE refractory to the occurrence of death. The secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and the disease control rate (DCR). RESULTS: From January 2014 to December 2017, 20 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) staging scores C (80.0%) or D (20.0%) received BEVA-TACE. The median OS time was 9.2 months [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.1-22.6 months]. The median PFS time was 6.3 months (95% CI: 1.0-10.5 months). Despite the late stage, 1 patient (5.0%) had a complete response (CR), 6 patients (30.0%) had a partial response (PR), and 10 patients (50.0%) had stable disease (SD) [overall response rate (ORR) 30.0%; DCR 85.0%]. The most common adverse events (AEs) were postembolic syndrome (25%), hyperbilirubinemia (10.0%), and melena (10.0%). Severe III-IV oral mucositis and hypertension were observed in only 1 patient (5.0%) during the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: BEVA-TACE showed clinical efficacy, and patients with TACE-refractory HCC had acceptable AE rates. A low dose of targeted localized vessel bevacizumab infusion may normalize the condition of tumor blood vessels in patients with advanced HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Bevacizumab/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 383, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiangiogenic therapy has increasingly become an important strategy for the treatment of colorectal cancer. Recent studies have shown that the tumour microenvironment (TME) promotes tumour angiogenesis. Bufalin is an active antitumour compound whose efficacy has been indicated by previous studies. However, there are very few studies on the antiangiogenic effects of bufalin. METHODS: Herein, human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) tube formation, migration and adhesion tests were used to assess angiogenesis in vitro. Western blotting and quantitative PCR were used to detect relevant protein levels and mRNA expression levels. A subcutaneous xenograft tumour model and a hepatic metastasis model were established in mice to investigate the influence of bufalin on angiogenesis mediated by the TME in vivo. RESULTS: We found that angiogenesis mediated by cells in the TME was significantly inhibited in the presence of bufalin. The results demonstrated that the proangiogenic genes in HUVECs, such as VEGF, PDGFA, E-selectin and P-selectin, were downregulated by bufalin and that this downregulation was mediated by inhibition of the STAT3 pathway. Overexpression of STAT3 reversed the inhibitory effects of bufalin on angiogenesis. Furthermore, there was little reduction in angiogenesis when bufalin directly acted on the cells in the tumour microenvironment. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that bufalin suppresses tumour microenvironment-mediated angiogenesis by inhibiting the STAT3 signalling pathway in vascular endothelial cells, revealing that bufalin may be used as a new antiangiogenic adjuvant therapy medicine to treat colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Microambiente Tumoral , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Animais , Bufanolídeos , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neovascularização Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
13.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 384, 2021 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496878

RESUMO

Tumor heterogeneity is a primary cause of treatment failure. However, changes in drug sensitivity over time are not well mapped in cancer. Patient-derived organoids (PDOs) may predict clinical drug responses ex vivo and offer an opportunity to evaluate novel treatment strategies in a personalized fashion. Here we have evaluated spatio-temporal functional and molecular dynamics of five PDO models established after hepatic re-resections and neoadjuvant combination chemotherapies in a patient with microsatellite stable and KRAS mutated metastatic rectal cancer. Histopathological differentiation phenotypes of the PDOs corresponded with the liver metastases, and ex vivo drug sensitivities generally reflected clinical responses and selection pressure, assessed in comparison to a reference data set of PDOs from metastatic colorectal cancers. PDOs from the initial versus the two recurrent metastatic settings showed heterogeneous cell morphologies, protein marker expression, and drug sensitivities. Exploratory analyses of a drug screen library of 33 investigational anticancer agents showed the strongest ex vivo sensitivity to the SMAC mimetic LCL161 in PDOs of recurrent disease compared to those of the initial metastasis. Functional analyses confirmed target inhibition and apoptosis induction in the LCL161 sensitive PDOs from the recurrent metastases. Gene expression analyses indicated an association between LCL161 sensitivity and tumor necrosis factor alpha signaling and RIPK1 gene expression. In conclusion, LCL161 was identified as a possible experimental therapy of a metastatic rectal cancer that relapsed after hepatic resection and standard systemic treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Retais , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Farmacogenética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Tiazóis
14.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(9): 1173-1175, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521799

RESUMO

A 70-year-old man, who had undergone distal gastrectomy for early gastric cancer at 63-year-old, had multiple liver metastases from remnant gastric cancer, which was diagnosed as cT3(SS), N0, M1, cStage Ⅳ. After a regimen consisting of 8 courses of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin and 2 courses of S-1 was administered, clinical CR was confirmed for the remnant gastric cancer and multiple liver metastases. Chemotherapy was administered for 10 months and discontinued for side effects and the needs of the patient. Anticoagulant drugs were administered for the onset of cerebral infarction after he vomited blood. A gastric ulcer in the oral side of the anastomotic portion was detected and diagnosed as poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Multiple liver metastases could not be detected by PET-CT, and we performed a total gastrectomy of the remnant stomach. The patient remains relapse-free 4 years and 10 months after chemotherapy(3 years and 10 months after discontinuing chemotherapy).


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina/uso terapêutico , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
15.
Talanta ; 235: 122817, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517673

RESUMO

High heterogeneity of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor has become an obstacle to select effective therapy for the treatment of HCC patients. Methods that can guide the decision on therapy choice for HCC treatment are highly demanded. Evaluating the drug response of heterogeneous tumor cells at the molecular level can help to reveal the toxicity mechanism of anticancer drugs and provide more information than current cell-based chemosensitivity assays. In the present work, nanostructure-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (NALDI-MS) was used to investigate the lipid response of HCC cells to anticancer drugs. Three types of HCC cells (LM3, Hep G2, Huh7) were treated with sorafenib, doxorubicin hydro-chloride, and cisplatin. We found that the lipid profiles of HCC cells changed a lot after the drug treatment, and the degree of lipid changes was related to the cell viability. Two pairs of fatty acids C16:1/C16:0 and C18:1/C18:0 were found to be strongly related to the viability of HCC cells after drug treatment, and were more sensitive than Methyl-thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Accordingly, they can act as sensitive and comprehensive indexes to evaluate the drug susceptibility of HCC cells. In addition, the peak ratio of several neighboring phospholipids displayed high correlation with drug response of specific cell subtype to specific drug. The ratio of neighboring lipids may be traced back to the activity of enzyme and gene expression which regulate the lipidomic pathway. This method provides drug response of heterogenous tumor cells at molecular level and could be a potential candidate to precise tumor chemosensitivity assay.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Nanoestruturas , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fosfolipídeos
16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(32): 5424-5437, 2021 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is an oral drug that prolongs overall survival (OS) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Adverse events, including hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR), lead to permanent sorafenib discontinuation. AIM: To clarify the association between interventions for adverse events and patient prognosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, multicenter study of patients treated with sorafenib monotherapy between May 2009 and March 2018. We developed a mutual cooperation system that was initiated at the start of sorafenib treatment to effectively manage adverse events. The mutual cooperation system entailed patients receiving consultations during which pharmacists provided accurate information about sorafenib to alleviate the fear and anxiety related to adverse events. We stratified the patients into three groups: Group A, patients without HFSR but with pharmacist intervention; Group B, patients with HFSR and pharmacist interventions unreported to oncologists (nonmutual cooperation system); and Group C, patients with HFSR and pharmacist interventions known to oncologists (mutual cooperation system). OS and time to treatment failure (TTF) were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: We enrolled 134 patients (Group A, n = 41; Group B, n = 30; Group C, n = 63). The median OS was significantly different between Groups A and C (6.2 vs 13.9 mo, p < 0.01) but not between Groups A and B (6.2 vs 7.7 mo, P = 0.62). Group A vs Group C was an independent OS predictor (HR, 0.41; 95%CI: 0.25-0.66; P < 0.01). In Group B alone, TTF was significantly lower and the nonadherence rate was higher (P < 0.01). In addition, the Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between OS and TTF in each group were 0.41 (Group A; P < 0.01), 0.13 (Group B; P = 0.51), and 0.58 (Group C; P < 0.01). There was a highly significant correlation between OS and TTF in Group C. However, there was no correlation between OS and TTF in Group B. CONCLUSION: The mutual cooperation system increased treatment duration and improved prognosis in patients with HFSR. Future prospective studies (e.g., randomized controlled trials) and improved adherence could help prevent OS underestimation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Niacinamida/efeitos adversos , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Clin Drug Investig ; 41(9): 795-808, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34351608

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related mortality worldwide. Despite recent advances, more effective therapeutic options for patients with advanced HCC are still required. The aim of this Phase 2, multicenter, multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study (NCT02528643) was to investigate the potential benefit of enzalutamide in the treatment of patients with advanced HCC. METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with advanced HCC (Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage B or C and Child-Pugh class A at screening who had progressed on, or were intolerant to, sorafenib or other anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapies) were randomized 2:1 to receive either enzalutamide 160 mg daily or placebo. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS); secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety. RESULTS: In total, 165 patients were randomized to enzalutamide (n = 110) or placebo (n = 55). The hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval [CI]) for OS was 1.15 (0.774-1.696) and median OS was 7.8 months and 7.7 months for enzalutamide and placebo, respectively. The HR (95% CI) for PFS was 1.04 (0.732-1.474) and median PFS was 2.2 months and 1.9 months for enzalutamide and placebo, respectively. The overall frequency of treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) was broadly similar between the groups: 105 (98.1%) enzalutamide patients experienced ≥1 TEAEs compared with 49 (89.1%) placebo patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that enzalutamide does not provide a benefit in patients with advanced HCC. No unexpected safety findings were observed in the trial. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT02528643.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Benzamidas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Nitrilas , Feniltioidantoína , Sorafenibe
18.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 592, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Genetic aberrations in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are well known, but the functional consequences of such aberrations remain poorly understood. RESULTS: Here, we explored the effect of defined genetic changes on the transcriptome, proteome and phosphoproteome in twelve tumors from an mTOR-driven hepatocellular carcinoma mouse model. Using Network-based Integration of multi-omiCS data (NetICS), we detected 74 'mediators' that relay via molecular interactions the effects of genetic and miRNA expression changes. The detected mediators account for the effects of oncogenic mTOR signaling on the transcriptome, proteome and phosphoproteome. We confirmed the dysregulation of the mediators YAP1, GRB2, SIRT1, HDAC4 and LIS1 in human HCC. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that targeting pathways such as YAP1 or GRB2 signaling and pathways regulating global histone acetylation could be beneficial in treating HCC with hyperactive mTOR signaling.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Transcriptoma
19.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 615-617, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371529

RESUMO

In recent years, immunotherapy has achieved remarkable effectiveness for liver cancer and has attracted much attention, especially the combination therapy based on immune checkpoint blockers. Multidisciplinary experts have written the "Chinese multidisciplinary expert consensus on combined immunotherapy based on immune checkpoint inhibitors for hepatocellular carcinoma (2021 version)", which provides reference guidance for clinically relevant professionals to grasp indications, strengthen monitoring, timely and effective treatment of adverse reactions, and formulate reasonable combined treatment plan.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico
20.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 636-647, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371534

RESUMO

Combined immunotherapy based on immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) for hepatocellular carcinoma has achieved remarkable therapeutic effect in clinical research and practice. However, many problems that need to be resolved have also been recognized in the clinical promotion process. Therefore, the primary effort through the multidisciplinary experts' mutual discussion [Chinese multidisciplinary expert consensus on combined immunotherapy based on immune check point inhibitors for hepatocellular carcinoma (2021 version)] is to implement the principles and methods of clinical application of ICIs treatment, including the selection of indications, prescriptions, treatment methods, monitoring and management of treatment process and adverse reactions, and efficacy evaluation. In addition, the consensus aims to combine the latest research progress, summarize detailed clinical application rules and expert experience, so as to provide reference for health professionals.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , China , Consenso , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...