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1.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 184(4): 521-531, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524001

RESUMO

Objective: Current markers predicting tumour progression of pituitary adenomas after surgery are insufficient. Our objective was to investigate if minichromosome maintenance protein 7 (MCM7) expression predicts tumour progression in non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). Methods: In a cohort study of surgically treated NFPAs, two groups with distinctly different behaviour of a residual tumour were selected: one group requiring reintervention due to tumour progression (reintervention group, n = 57) and one with residual tumours without progression (radiologically stable group, n = 40). MCM7, Ki-67, oestrogen receptor-α expression, mitotic index and tumour subtype were assessed by immunohistochemistry, and their association with tumour progression requiring reintervention was analysed. Results: Median (IQR) MCM7 expression was 7.4% (2.4-15.2) in the reintervention group compared with 2.0% (0.6-5.3) in the radiologically stable group (P <0.0001). Cox regression analysis showed an association between high (>13%) MCM7 expression and reintervention (HR: 3.1; 95% CI:1.7-5.4; P = 0.00012). The probability for reintervention within 6 years for patients with high MCM7 was 93%. Ki-67 expression >3% (P = 0.00062), age ≤55 years (P = 0.00034) and mitotic index≥1 (P = 0.024) were also associated with reintervention. Using a receiver operating characteristics curve, a predictive model for reintervention with all the above predictors yielded an area under the curve of 82%. All eight patients with both high MCM7 and high Ki-67 needed reintervention. Conclusion: This cohort study shows that expression of MCM7 is a predictor for clinically significant postoperative tumour progression. Together with age, Ki-67 and mitotic index, MCM7 might be of added value as a predictive marker when managing patients with NFPA after surgery.


Assuntos
Adenoma/química , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Componente 7 do Complexo de Manutenção de Minicromossomo/análise , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/química , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice Mitótico , Neoplasia Residual/química , Neoplasia Residual/patologia , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Radioterapia , Reoperação , Suécia
2.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560625

RESUMO

The combination of intracranial tumors and asymptomatic brain aneurysms is an urgent problem, since it can significantly affect surgical intervention. Aneurysms are common in patients with meningioma, glioma and pituitary adenoma. According to certain authors, combination of aneurysms with pituitary adenomas is 7 times more common than with other tumors. In these cases, a comprehensive examination of the patient and decision-making on surgical strategy are required. This review is devoted to epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of patients with a combination of pituitary adenomas and intracranial aneurysms detected intraoperatively or at the preoperative stage. The manuscript is illustrated by cases observed at the Burdenko Neurosurgery Center.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/epidemiologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
3.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 58, 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approaches are broadly used nowadays for a vast spectrum of pathologies sited in the anterior and middle cranial fossa. The usage of neuronavigation systems (neuronavigation) in these surgeries is crucial for improving orientations deeply inside the skull and increasing patient safety. METHODS: The aim of this study was to assess the use of optical neuronavigation, together with an intraoperative O-arm O2 imaging system, in a group of patients with hypophyseal adenoma that underwent a transnasal transsphenoidal surgery, and correlate the accuracy and its deviation during the navigational process against the use of conventional neuronavigation that uses preoperative MRI and CT scans. The overall group consisted of six patients, between 39 and 78 years old, with a diagnosis of hypophyseal adenoma. Patients were treated with an endoscopic transsphenoidal technique and all of them underwent preoperative MRI and CT scans of the brain. These images were used in the neuronavigation system StealthStation S7® during the surgery, where we defined two bony anatomical landmarks, such as a vomer or the origin of an intrasphenoidal septum, in each operated patient. The tip of the navigational instrument, under endoscopic control, pointed to these landmarks and the distance between the tip and the bony structure was measured on the neuronavigation system. Afterwards, intraoperative 3D x-ray imaging was performed via the mobile system O-arm O2® system with automatic transfer into the navigational system. Under endoscopic guidance, we localized the identical bony anatomical landmarks used in the previous measurement and re-measured the distance between the tip and bony landmark in images acquired by the O-arm. The results of both measurements were statistically compared. RESULTS: The mean error of accuracy during conventional neuronavigation with usage of preoperative CT and MRI scans was 2.65 mm. During the neuronavigation, with utilization of intraoperative 3D O-arm images, the mean error of accuracy 0 mm. These mean errors of accuracy (both measurement methods were compared by nonparametric Wilcoxon test) had a statistically significant difference (p = 0.043). CONCLUSIONS: Based on this preliminary clinical study, we conclude that the O-arm is capable of providing intraoperative x-ray 3D images in sufficient spatial resolution in a clinically feasible acquisition. The mean error of accuracy during intraoperative navigation, based on 3D O-arm scans at the skull base, is significantly lower compared to the usage of navigation using conventional presurgical CT and MRI images. This suggests the suitability of this method for utilization during endoscopic endonasal skull base approaches.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Hipófise , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Base do Crânio , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Período Intraoperatório , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuronavegação/métodos , Projetos Piloto , Hipófise/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipófise/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Cirurgia Endoscópica Transanal/métodos
4.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 42(1): 102808, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33161260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In pituitary macroadenomas with extensive suprasellar extension (SSE), suprasellar region can be approached by extending exposure either anteriorly by adding bone removal of the tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidal or posteriorly from inside the sellar cavity through diaphragma sella. The later approach has been rapidly regressed in favor of the anteriorly extended approach, mainly due to the inadequate angled illumination. Benefiting from the continuous evolution of visualization, authors, in current series, tried to revive this technique in form of pure endoscopic trans-sellar trans-diaphragmatic approach (ETSDA) for extra-capsular resection of pituitary macroadenomas with extensive SSE. METHODS: A prospective review including 10 patients of pituitary macroadenomas with extensive SSE more than 10 mm underwent extra-capsular resection via the ETSDA. The detailed technical nuances and surgical outcome of this approach were evaluated. RESULTS: Six of 10 patients had SSE > 10 mm and 4 patients had SSE > 20 mm, grade B and C, respectively. Gross total resection was achieved in all cases. Postoperatively, visual field deficit was ameliorated to varying degrees in all patients. There were no serious intraoperative complications, and the clinically overt postoperative CSF rhinorrhea was not observed in any case. CONCLUSION: Extra-capsular resection of pituitary macroadenomas with extensive SSE can be effectively and safely achieved using the ETSDA. Thus, it may be more preferable to the anteriorly extended approach that may potentially increase the risk for postoperative CSF rhinorrhea.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Prolactinoma/cirurgia , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Adulto , Rinorreia de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Prolactinoma/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Segurança , Sela Túrcica/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
J Clin Neurosci ; 83: 13-20, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33328148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The frontal basal interhemispheric approach (FBIA) is preferable for resection of craniopharyngioma (CP), achieving desirable total resection rates in early reports of lesions located in the suprasellar region to the third ventricle. For tumours that have created a larger obstruction of the tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidale, aggressive resection in the intrasellar region and medial wall of the cavernous sinus is not feasible compared to improving tumour visualization by drilling the tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidale. In a report of drilling the sellar tuberculum and sphenoid planum, drilling allowed the direct visualization of tumours invading the intrasellar region and medial wall of the cavernous sinus. Reconstructing the opening of the sellar-sphenoid cavity is achieved by microsuturing a piece of the pericranium/dura around the dural edge of the defective dura of the open sphenoid sinus and sellar cavity to prevent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The FBIA with drilling of the tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidale was performed to remove the tumours that invaded the intrasellar region and cavernous sinus in 55 patients from January 2014 to October 2019 at our institution. The pre- and postoperative pituitary hormone levels and vision were evaluated as effective standards after surgery and compared using paired t-tests. The different rates of CSF leakage between the packing and microsuture groups were compared by χ2 test, p < 0.05. RESULTS: In all patients with a mean 37-month follow-up (range, 3-2 months), 43 (78.2%) patients returned to their normal life or school independently, 7 (12.7%) patients were able to perform normal activities with minor complaints or effort, and 4 (7.3%) patients could care for themselves or only required occasional assistance. One (1.8%) death occurred, attributed to CSF leak-related meningitis at 5 months after surgery. Postoperative CSF leakage occurred in eight (19.0%) of 42 patients with packed bone wax or pieces of muscle to the sphenoid sinus. Of 13 patients with a piece of the periosteum/dura microsutured around the defective dura of the sellar region and open sphenoid sinus, one (7.7%) of 13 patients experienced CSF leakage in the perioperative period. With statistical analysis, there was a potential risk for postoperative CSF leakage in the bone wax and muscle piece in the open sphenoid sinus, whereas microsuture manoeuvres were effective for avoiding the risk of postoperative CSF leakage (χ2 = 8.865, p < 0.005). The microsutures closed the open sphenoid sinus such that it was water-tight. Postoperative visual acuity and the visual field were not affected by the increased intrasellar exposure or the open sphenoid sinus achieved by drilling the tuberculum sellae and planum sphenoidale. CONCLUSION: Tuberculum sellae/planum sphenoidale drilling via FBIA is feasible to enhance the direct visualization of CP resection, which expands the intrasellar region with a direct resection of recurrent tumours in the sellar cavity and adhering to the medial wall of the cavernous sinus. The potential risk of a CSF leakage seemed to be mitigated when using water-tight microsutures on a piece of the pericranium/dura around the edge of the defective dura in the sellar region and the open sphenoid sinus cavity.


Assuntos
Craniofaringioma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Seio Cavernoso/patologia , Seio Cavernoso/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Craniofaringioma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sela Túrcica/patologia , Osso Esfenoide/patologia , Seio Esfenoidal/patologia , Seio Esfenoidal/cirurgia
6.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 21942, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318567

RESUMO

Endoscopic pituitary surgery has shown promising results. This study reports the experiences of experienced microscopic pituitary surgeons changing to the endoscopic technique, and the beneficial effects on the postoperative outcomes. 45 transsphenoidal endoscopic-assisted surgeries performed in 2016-2017 were compared with 195 microscope-assisted surgeries performed in 2007-2017 for pituitary adenoma. Tumour size, hormonal status and vision were assessed preoperatively and 3-5 months postoperatively. Cases were identified through electronic patient records. GTR was achieved in 39% of the endoscopic operations vs. 22% of microscopic operations, p = 0.018. Mean duration of surgery was 86 min (77-95) with the endoscopic technique vs. 106 min (101-111) with the microscopic technique, p < 0.001. New hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis deficiencies were observed after 3% of endoscopic vs. 34% microscopic operations, p = 0.001, and overall fewer postoperative pituitary deficiencies were observed in the endoscope-assisted group. Complications within 30 days of surgery occurred in 17% of endoscopic operations vs. 27% of microscopic operations (p > 0.05). Normalization of visual impairment occurred in 37% of the cases with preoperative visual impairment in the endoscopic group vs. 35% of those in the microscopic group (p > 0.05). The endoscopic technique performed better as a surgical procedure for pituitary adenomas. We found no statistically significant differences in complication rate or visual improvement between the two techniques.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Hipófise/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Rev Fac Cien Med Univ Nac Cordoba ; 77(4): 301-306, 2020 12 09.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351372

RESUMO

Introduction: Acromegaly prevalence is 35-70 / million. Transsphenoidal surgery is the first-line treatment, with a remission rate of 80% for microadenomas and 50% for macroadenomas. Our aim was to evaluate the surgical results in Córdoba and determine predictive remission factors due to the lack of records. Methods: Retrospective-descriptive study of patients with surgery as the first therapeutic line. Remission criteria: IGF1 normalization for age/sex, with GH ≤1.0 g/L. Test X2 and Fisher's exact test with p<0.05. Results: 38 patients were included: 61% women and 39% men; Average age 45 years. Most frequent chief complaint: headache and acral growth (26%), visual disturbances (20%). Macroadenomas were the 84% of the tumors. Of 37 patients, 54% underwent microscopic surgery, 38% endoscopic and 8% transcranial. The 29% of patients showed post-operative complications and diabetes insipidus was the most frequent (10%). The percentage of them was: 33% transcranial surgery, 29% endoscopic and 25% microscopic (p = 0.557). The biochemical remission at 6 months was 34% and at 12 months 55% (p= 0.0001). No significant differences between the endoscopic and microscopic approach (p = 0.071). Of 36 patients, 31% showed complete tumor resection. The subjective clinical improvement was 88%. There weren´t predictive remission factors with significant differences. Conclusion: The surgical biochemical remission was similar to the bibliography. We didn´t find predictive remission factors but a larger number of patients could modify these results.


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Acromegalia/cirurgia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Adenoma Hipofisário Secretor de Hormônio do Crescimento , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osso Esfenoide , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Clin Neurosci ; 82(Pt A): 166-172, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, the endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach for pituitary adenomas has been widely adopted among neurosurgeons. However, olfactory disturbances have been observed after this procedure, and few studies on long-term (>6 mo) olfactory disturbance after endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma surgery have been conducted. Although we perform minimally invasive endoscopic surgery, some patients continue to experience hyposmia, with some even experience long-term hyposmia. This impairment results in a considerable loss in quality of life. We present a series of patients who underwent minimally invasive single-nostril TSS for pituitary adenoma, including evaluation of their olfactory function. We further investigated the related risk factors for long-term olfactory dysfunction. METHODS: One hundred sixty-one consecutive patients who met the study criteria underwent the single-nostril endoscopic transsphenoidal approach by the senior author. The Smell Diskettes Olfaction Test was used to evaluate olfactory function. RESULTS: Postoperative olfactory disturbance in patients treated with endoscopic transnasal TSS is frequent. Of the study population, 67.1% of the patients were hyposmic or anosmic and 14.9% had long-term olfactory dysfunction. We also performed multivariate logistic regression analysis to compare the characteristics of patients with long-term olfactory dysfunction. Nasal symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 6.77) and smoking (OR, 14.77) were associated with long-term olfactory dysfunction after transnasal TSS. CONCLUSIONS: Significant disturbances in olfactory performance occur after single-nostril transnasal TSS for pituitary adenoma. Furthermore, preoperative nasal disease and smoking appear to be risk factors for long-term olfactory dysfunction. Physicians should address clinical findings related to olfactory function and provide appropriate care.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Qualidade de Vida , Olfato , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(11): 1500-1506, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221772

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between visual acuity (VA) and endocrine status among patients with giant sellar tumors pre and postsurgical treatment. Methods: A 7-year single institution prospective cohort study of patients with giant sellar tumors treated by pterional transylvian microsurgical resection. Patients were evaluated and followed-up by a collaborative team of ophthalmologists and neurosurgeons. Results: Sellar tumors represent 25% of our brain tumors cases (n = 257). Giant sellar tumors were 61 (23.7%) cases. Pituitary adenomas occurred in 40 patients and in 24 of these, the tumor was a functional adenoma. The age range was 16 to 75 years with a mean of 43.7 ± 3.3 years. Visual impairment (n = 60), headache (n = 55), and endocrinopathy (24) were among the common manifestations. VA and visual field defects were experienced by 59 and 39 patients, respectively. For both eyes, endocrine active tumors presented with poorer preoperative VA profile using mean logMAR VA [(χ2 = 10.3, P = 0.002 OD) and (χ2 = 8.9, P = 0.003 OS)]. Postoperatively, the mean logMAR VA profiles of endocrine active tumors showed a significantly better response when compared to endocrine inactive tumors in both eyes [(χ2 = 5.53, P = 0.029 OD) and (χ2 = 6.77, P = 0.037 OS)]. Conclusion: Visual acuity defects are almost invariable in patients with giant sellar tumor and may be associated with an endocrine profile. Surgical resection with normalization of hormone status is rewarded with VA improvement.


Assuntos
Adenoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/fisiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Campos Visuais/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Klin Monbl Augenheilkd ; 237(11): 1306-1311, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês, Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202463

RESUMO

Pituitary tumours are a common cause of functional impairment and degeneration of the anterior visual pathway. Depending on localization and size, they clinically manifest as initially reversible visual field defects. As part of interdisciplinary tumour management, ophthalmologic examinations are of particular importance concerning diagnostics, indication for tumour resection and documentation of functional surgical results. Based on the relationship between clinical dysfunction and manifest atrophy, together with the patient's age and the duration of symptoms, the ophthalmologist can provide insights into the postoperative visual prognosis. Under good conditions, surgical tumour resection often results in significant improvements to visual fields and acuity. Long-term ophthalmological controls are required in cases of persistent visual loss, radiotherapy or tumour remnants abutting the visual pathway.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Transtornos da Visão/terapia , Testes de Campo Visual , Campos Visuais
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e23157, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158000

RESUMO

Sleep disturbance is a common comorbidity among patients with acromegaly [patients with growth hormone (GH)-secreting tumor] due to somatotropic axis change and sleep apnea. However, no previous studies exist concerning sleep disturbance and delirium in the early postoperative period in patients with acromegaly undergoing transsphenoidal tumor surgery. Herein, we aimed to compare the incidence of postoperative sleep disturbance and delirium in the early postoperative period between patients with GH-secreting and nonfunctioning pituitary tumors.We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 1286 patients (969 with nonfunctioning and 317 with GH-secreting tumors) without history of psychological disease and sedative or antipsychotic use. We examined the use of antipsychotics/sedatives and findings of psychology consultation within the first postoperative week. Only patients with sleep disturbance noted in medical records were considered to have postoperative sleep disturbance. Patients with an Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist score of 4 or more were considered to have postoperative delirium.The incidence of postoperative sleep disturbance was higher in the GH-secreting group than in the nonfunctioning tumor group (2/969 [0.2%] vs 6/317 [1.9%]; P = .004; odds ratio = 9.328 [95% confidence interval, 1.873-46.452]). Univariable regression analysis showed that only diagnosis (GH-secreting tumor or nonfunctioning tumor) was a risk factor for sleep disturbance, and not sex, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status score, surgery duration, anesthesia duration, anesthesia type, tumor size, cavernous sinus invasion, or bleeding. The incidence of postoperative delirium was comparable between the 2 groups (6/969 [0.6%] vs 0/317 [0%]; P = .346).Patients with acromegaly showed increased incidence of sleep disturbance than those with nonfunctioning tumors in the early postoperative period after transsphenoidal tumor surgery. A prospective study evaluating sleep quality in patients with GH-secreting tumors in the early postoperative period could be conducted based on our findings.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/cirurgia , Delírio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seio Esfenoidal , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22673, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031334

RESUMO

Hyperprolactinemia is a prevalent endocrine disorder presented in patients with non-functional pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). However, the mechanism involved in hyperprolactinemia in NFPA is not fully illustrated. The current study aims to investigate predictors for hyperprolactinemia in NFPA via analyzing relevant clinical features. Thus, in this study, a cohort of 214 cases with integrated medical records was retrospectively analyzed concerning clinical, pathological, and endocrinological studies before and after surgery.Hyperprolactinemia happened in 93 cases (43.5%). Women (adjust odds ratio [OR] = 3.093; P < .01), age of patients (adjust OR = 0.951; P < .01), and serum free tetraiodothyronine (FT4) level (adjust OR = 0.882; P = .02) were independent predictors for developing preoperative hyperprolactinemia. Tumor size and hypopituitarism had no impact on hyperprolactinemia. During a median follow-up of 43.5 (range, 22-80) months, 83.9% patients with preoperative hyperprolactinemia experienced prolactin (PRL) normalization. Preoperative PRL level (adjusted OR = 1.741, P = .03) was the exclusive predictor for PRL normalization after adjusting for tumor volume, preoperative serum FT4 concentration, and postoperative residual. The PRL normalization rate of patients with lower PRL level (<2.35-fold upper limit of normal range) was 95.2% and decreased to 65.5% for patients with higher PRL level.In conclusion, our results suggest existence of potentially alternative mechanisms underlying hyperprolactinemia in NFPAs, like the discrepancy of sex and age and the negative feedback of FT4. Preoperative PRL is a predictor for postoperative PRL normalization, which is of clinically relevant for postoperative management of NFPAs.


Assuntos
Adenoma/complicações , Hiperprolactinemia/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22432, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019423

RESUMO

Nesfatin-1 was identified as a satiety factor involved in the regulation of metabolism. Altered levels of circulating nesfatin-1 had been observed in a variety of diseases characterized by energy imbalance. However, there was no published data about nesfatin-1 levels in acromegaly.We evaluated serum nesfatin-1 levels in 13 patients with acromegaly at baseline and postoperatively, and in 21 age- and body mass index (BMI)-matched healthy subjects.Compared with the healthy subjects, patients with acromegaly had significantly increased levels of serum insulin, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglyceride, and growth hormone (GH). Moreover, the acromegaly group had nesfatin-1 levels higher than controls (1.96 ±â€Š0.56 ng/mL vs 0.61 ±â€Š0.10 ng/mL, P = .004). There was a positive correlation of serum nesfatin-1 levels with diastolic blood pressure (r = 0.579, P = .038) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) (r = 0.598, P = .031) in patients with acromegaly. While a successful surgery decreased serum GH levels, the serum nesfatin-1 levels did not change in acromegaly (P = .965). At last, we compared serum GH/nesfatin-1 levels with predictive markers for aggressive behaviors in pituitary adenomas. There was no relationship between serum nesfatin-1 levels and tumor's size, Ki-67 index, mutant p53, or MGMT proteins. However, increased serum GH levels were positively correlated with tumors' size (P = .023) and mutant p53 proteins expression (P = .028).Circulating nesfatin-1 was increased in acromegaly, which was involved in metabolism regulation.


Assuntos
Acromegalia/sangue , Nucleobindinas/sangue , Adenoma/sangue , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hormônio do Crescimento Humano/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/sangue , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Curva ROC
14.
Mymensingh Med J ; 29(4): 1015-1020, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33116111

RESUMO

Hypopituitarism is a rare entity with reported incidence, 4 per 100,000 and about 50% of such patients present with three to five pituitary hormone deficits. A slow onset of symptoms is typical. But, diversified presentations from absence of symptoms to vague clinical features to lethal effects leading to mortality are not uncommon in such disorder. In adults, in such cases symptoms of hypogonadism may be the first noticeable illness for reporting to physicians, but it is often under evaluated or even ignored. Here, we present a case of 40-year-old adult male with panhypopituitarism, who presented with loss of generalized body hair and loss of libido for about last five years but the problem was not evaluated adequately. Later, he developed lethargy, generalized weakness, weight loss and then the underneath cause detected was panhypopituitarism due to pituitary macro adenoma. So, suspicion and hormonal evaluation for hypogonadism would help in early detection and management of progressive hypopituitarism in symptomatic adult patients. Cases of panhypopituitarism need lifelong hormone replacement and follow-up and if pituitary adenoma is present, surgical removal by trans-sphenoidal approach is preferable.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Hipogonadismo , Hipopituitarismo , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Humanos , Hipogonadismo/diagnóstico , Hipogonadismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/diagnóstico , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Hipopituitarismo/terapia , Masculino , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22713, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126308

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In this retrospective study, we investigated the status and validity of endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery (eTSS) for pituitary incidentalomas (PIs) as well as the value of basing the indication for surgery on the PI guidelines. METHODS: Patients who underwent eTSS at Fukuoka University Chikushi Hospital between 2012 and 2018 were divided into the PI group and the non-PI group in accordance with the PI guideline of the Endocrine Society and their clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients were enrolled, with 35 patients in the PI group and 24 patients in the non-PI group. The diagnoses in the PI group were of non-functioning pituitary adenoma (NFPA) (n = 12, 34%), gonadotropin-producing pituitary adenoma (n = 8, 23%), Rathke cleft cyst (n = 7, 20%), meningioma (n = 4, 11%), and growth hormone-producing pituitary adenoma (n = 3, 9%); those in the non-PI group were of NFPA (n = 6, 25%), gonadotropin-producing pituitary adenoma (n = 3, 13%), Rathke cleft cyst (n = 3, 13%), growth hormone-producing pituitary adenoma (n = 3, 13%), and prolactin producing pituitary adenoma (n = 3, 13%). Regarding the preoperative factors, 1 patient in the PI group with panhypopituitarism was diagnosed with pituitary apoplexy (pure infarction) of an NFPA. The rates of postoperative anterior pituitary hormonal deficiencies (14% vs 46%, P = .015), residual tumor size (2 ±â€Š5 vs 6 ±â€Š7 mm, P = .008), and reoperation (n = 0, 0% vs n = 5, 21%, P = .005) were significantly different between the PI and non-PI groups. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that, postoperatively, the incidence of anterior pituitary hormonal deficiencies was lower in the PI than in the non-PI group, although it was comparable between the 2 groups before the operation. The patients in the PI group also had smaller residual tumors and a lower risk of reoperation than those in non-PI group. PIs could have a better postoperative clinical outcome than non-PIs when the indication for eTSS is based on preoperative scrutiny according to the PI guidelines and eTSS is performed by an experienced pituitary surgeon. Hence, more aggressive scrutiny and treatment for PIs might be desirable.


Assuntos
Endocrinologia/normas , Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/patologia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(8): 980-987, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053542

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the image quality of magnetic resonance 3D-sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts by using different filp angle evolutions (3D-SPACE) sequence combined with different fusion methods in image fusion technology and the application value of fusion technology in preoperative evaluation of pituitary macroadenoma. METHODS: We collected MRI data of 43 patients with pituitary macroadenoma confirmed by Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, including collecting conventional MRI scan+enhancement, 3D-SPACE T2WI, and 3D-SPACE T1WI+C image data. 3D-SPACE sequence fusion was used in 6 combinations of 3D-SPACE T2WI/3D-SPACE T1WI+C, which were normal phase+normal phase, reverse phase+normal phase, normal phase+reverse phase, reverse phase+reverse phase, and normal phase pseudo color+normal phase, normal phase+normal phase pseudo color. Two senior radiologists used semi-quantitative methods to evaluate and compare the image quality of different combinations to obtain the best fusion mode. According to the degree of tumor invasion of the optic chiasma, oculomotor nerve, and cavernous sinus vessels, the MRI enhancement, 3D-SPACE T2WI, 3D-SPACE T1WI+C, and 2 3D-SPACE sequence fusion images were performed according to a three-level score system. Taking the intraoperative observation as the gold standard, Fisher probability exact method was used to compare different sequences to show the difference between the degree of invasion of the pituitary macroadenoma to the surrounding tissue and the intraoperative results. RESULTS: The Kruskal-Wallis H rank sum test showed that among the 6 image fusion modes, 3D-SPACE T1WI+C normal phase pseudo-color and 3D-SPACE T2WI normal phase fusion images had the best quality (P<0.05). No significance was observed among the 4 groups in the evaluation of consistency between the intraoperative findings and the graphically displayed extent of tumor invasion into oculomotor nerve (both level I, II, and III, P>0.05). The 3D-SPACE T2WI/3D-SPACE T1WI+C fusion images and the 3D-SPACE T2WI images showed better performance in the evaluation of consistency between the intraoperative findings and the graphically displayed extent of tumor invasion into optic chiasma (level II and III) than that in other two kinds of imaging data of the MRI enhancement group and 3D-SPACE T1WI+C group (P<0.01, P<0.05, respectively), with no significance being observed in level I. The 3D-SPACE T2WI/3D-SPACE T1WI+C fusion images and the 3D-SPACE T1WI+C images showed better performance in the evaluation of consistency between the intraoperative findings and the graphically displayed extent of tumor invasion into cavernous sinus vessels (level II) than that in other two kinds of imaging data of the MRI enhancement group and 3D-SPACE T2WI group (P<0.01, P<0.05, respectively), with no significance being observed in level I and III. CONCLUSIONS: Magnetic resonance 3D-SPACE sequence combined with image fusion technology is better than conventional magnetic resonance sequence for showing pituitary macroadenoma invasion of skull base vascular nerves. The invasion is better than the 3D-SPACE sequence alone, showing that the relationship between tumor and cavernous sinus vascular grade II better than the 3D-SPACE sequence alone. It has good application prospects for preoperative risk assessment and surgical plan.


Assuntos
Aumento da Imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
17.
Vnitr Lek ; 66(2): 82-86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942893

RESUMO

Cushings syndrome (CS) is a relatively rare disease characterized by autonomous hypersecretion of cortisol. The incidence of CS is estimated to be equal to 2-3 cases per million inhabitants per year. The incidence of acromegaly is 3-4 patients per 1 000 000 per year. The disease is caused by hypersecretion of growth hormone which is mainly caused by benign tumour of the pituitary gland. In our case report we present a 41- year old woman suffering from both Cushings syndrome and acromegaly. The patient was examined in National Institute of Endocrinology and Diabetology Ľubochňa for a centripetal type of obesity and hirsutism. Laboratory tests revealed high plasma cortisol levels without circulating variation, hypercortisoluria and elevated plasmatic levels of ACTH. A 2 mg dexamethasone blockade was performed without adequate cortisol suppression in serum and urine up to 8 mg blockade resulted in suppression of 24 hour urine free cortisol. A magnetic resonance imaging (MR) scan revealed suspect pikoadenoma of the pituitary gland (size 2mm). Subsequently trans-sphenoidal resection was performed. Histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations did not reveal the ACTH-producing pituitary adenoma. After surgery hypercortisolism persisted with newly revealed hypersomatotropism. Treatment with Ketoconazole at dose 200mg 1/ 2-0-1 and somatostatin analogues (Lanreotide) at dose 120mg every 42 days were initiated. Control magnetic resonance imaging of the sella demonstrated small tumour of pituary gland of size 3×5mm. Later 3 years after first surgery another trans-sphenoidal resection of residue was performed. Histological and immunohistochemical examinations did not confirm adenoma with ACTH and RH secretion. After second surgery, IGF-1 plasma levels were not normalized with persistence of hypercortisolism. The treatment with Lanreotide at the initial dose as well as Ketoconazole was reinitiated (with increased dose of Ketoconazole to 1-1-1 tbl per 200mg).


Assuntos
Acromegalia , Adenoma , Síndrome de Cushing , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Síndrome de Cushing/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hidrocortisona , Hipófise , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia
18.
Rev. neurol. (Ed. impr.) ; 71(5): 163-170, 1 sept., 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195466

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los adenomas hipofisarios no funcionantes son el grupo tumoral más frecuente en la región selar. Suelen ser neoplasias benignas diagnosticadas por síntomas visuales u hormonales, aunque no es infrecuente detectarlos como un hallazgo casual. OBJETIVO: Analizar los aspectos clínicos hallados en esta enfermedad y su respuesta tras el tratamiento quirúrgico. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: En una serie de 100 casos, se analizaron datos epidemiológicos, clínicos, endocrinológicos, visuales y radiológicos antes y después del tratamiento quirúrgico, y se recogen las complicaciones relacionadas con la cirugía y el seguimiento a largo plazo. RESULTADOS: El síntoma más frecuente en el momento del diagnóstico fue la afectación del campo visual (62%), y sólo el 7% de los adenomas se trataba de un hallazgo casual. El déficit hormonal más frecuente era el hipogonadismo hipogonadótropo (48%). Tras la cirugía se observó recuperación completa del defecto campimétrico en el 54,8% de los pacientes, con sólo un 1% de empeoramiento tras la cirugía, y la incidencia de diabetes insípida fue del 4%. La resección fue superior al 95% en el 63% de los casos, a pesar de que el porcentaje de adenomas con invasión del seno cavernoso en grados altos fue elevado (45%). CONCLUSIONES: Aunque el síntoma más frecuente de los adenomas hipofisarios no funcionantes es la afectación campimétrica, ésta tiene una excelente respuesta a la cirugía si se realiza dentro del tiempo adecuado. El grado de invasión del seno cavernoso parece el factor más limitante para una resección quirúrgica completa


INTRODUCTION: Non-functioning pituitary adenomas are the most frequent tumor group in the sellar region. They are usually benign neoplasms diagnosed after visual or hormonal symptoms, although it is not uncommon to detect them as a casual finding. AIM: To analyze the clinical aspects found in this disease and its response after surgical treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a series of 100 cases, epidemiological, clinical, endocrinological, visual and radiological data were analyzed before and after surgical treatment, as well as the complications related to surgery and long-term follow-up. RESULTS: The most frequent symptom at the time of diagnosis was visual field involvement (62%), and only the 7% of adenomas were a casual finding. The most common hormonal deficit was hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (48%). After surgery, complete recovery of the visual field defect was observed in 54.8% of the patients, only 1% worsening after surgery, and the incidence of diabetes insipidus was 4%. The resection was superior to 95% in 63% of cases, although the percentage of adenomas with invasion of the cavernous sinus in Knosp grades 3 and 4 it was high (45%). CONCLUSIONS: Although the most frequent symptom of non-functioning pituitary adenomas is campimetric involvement, it has an excellent response to surgery if it is performed within the appropriate time. The grade of invasion of the cavernous sinus is the most limiting factor for a complete surgical resection


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Endoscopia , Hemianopsia , Seio Cavernoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Cavernoso/cirurgia
19.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(8): 921-928, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A pituitary tumor can be reached by a transsphenoidal approach with the use of a microscope or an endoscope. The impact of the surgical technique on the patient's quality of life (QOL) is of great interest to us. Currently, the development of both surgical techniques, especially the endoscopic one, is very rapid. Treatment outcomes are extremely important, especially in terms of patients' QOL after pituitary tumor resection, irrespective of the technical aspects. OBJECTIVES: To compare the quality of life between patients who had undergone either transsphenoidal microscopic (MTS) or endoscopic (ETS) non-functioning pituitary adenoma resection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 32 consecutive patients (21 for the endoscopic and 11 for the microscopic method) who had undergone pituitary adenoma resection. Their QOL was evaluated using the World Health Organization's Quality of Life assessment tool (WHOQOL-BREF), the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22) and the Visual Functioning Questionnaire (VFQ-25). Questionnaires were collected before and after surgery during the patients' hospital stay and 3 months after the surgery. RESULTS: The patients in the 2 groups did not differ significantly in terms of age, sex, tumor size, length of hospital stay, or QOL before the surgery. Vision-related QOL (VR-QOL) significantly improved in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery (p < 0.001). There were no statistically significant differences in QOL between the study groups at any stage of the trial (p > 0.05). Significantly more patients had improved QOL after endoscopic surgery according to the WHOQOL-BREF (p = 0.005) and the VFQ-25 (p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The novel observation in this study is the significant improvement of VR-QOL in patients after endoscopic non-functioning pituitary adenoma resection in comparison to patients having microscopic resection. The microscopic method does not exacerbate rhinological symptoms more than the endoscopic one. Endoscopic surgery seems to be more beneficial for patients with pituitary adenoma, which deteriorates VR-QOL.


Assuntos
Adenoma , Neoplasias Hipofisárias , Adenoma/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 303, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage is a major complication of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery. Lumbar drainage (LD) is a common method of treating CSF leakage. But whether intraoperative LD can prevent CSF leakage during the perioperative period of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery remains controversial. Clarity on the appropriate use of LD is needed. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted in the PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of science databases. Articles were included when they compared intraoperative LD with intraoperative no-LD CSF leakage rates during pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery. RESULTS: Overall, 5 studies containing 678 cases met the inclusion criteria. When data were provided on intraoperative CSF leakage rates, the meta-analysis showed a significant difference in favor of intraoperative LD. When data were provided on postoperative CSF leakage rates, the meta-analysis also demonstrated a significant difference in favor of intraoperative LD. CONCLUSIONS: Although the results of this meta-analysis suggest intraoperative LD can reduce the risk of CSF leakage during the perioperative period of pituitary adenomas transsphenoidal surgery, the available evidence is indefinite. To some extent the results suggest intraoperative LD's potential positive role. Further studies that include well-designed prospective, randomized controlled clinical trials are necessary for further verification.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano , Drenagem/métodos , Região Lombossacral/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adenoma/cirurgia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/prevenção & controle , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Hipófise/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Osso Esfenoide/cirurgia
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