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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(6): e18590, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028388

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The specific pathogenesis of the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL)is still indefinite and argumentative. It is known that DLBCL is the most common type of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). A lot of cases of DLBCL such as primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(PG-DLBCL) are reported. However, primary intestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(PI-DLBCL) is unusual. PATIENT CONCERNS: We present a case of a 57-year-old male diagnosed in the Gastroenterology Department, which presented a bleeding duodenal ulcer with irregular borders. DIAGNOSES: The immunohistochemical staining showed: CD20(+++), CD10(+) and Ki-67>40%. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was successfully treated by Poly-chemotherapy with R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vindesine and prednisolone). OUTCOMES: After 6 courses of chemotherapy treatment, the duodenal ulcer was completely healed by reviewing the UGIE. LESSONS: Our report might give further strength to avoiding the erroneous and missed diagnosis for PI-DLBCL which is different from common duodenal ulcer.


Assuntos
Úlcera Duodenal/etiologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Intestinais/complicações , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Intestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/complicações , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1226: 1-22, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030672

RESUMO

The tumour microenvironment (TME) of intestinal tumours is highly complex and comprises a network of stromal cells, tumour cells, immune cells and fibroblasts, as well as microorganisms. The tumour location, environmental factors and the tumour cells themselves influence the cells within the TME. Immune cells can destroy tumour cells and are associated with better patient prognosis and response to therapy; however, immune cells are highly plastic and easily influenced to instead promote tumour growth. The interaction between local immune cells and the microbiome can lead to progression or regression of intestinal tumours. In this chapter, we will discuss how tumour development and progression can influence, and be influenced by, the microenvironment surrounding it, focusing on immune and fibroblastic cells, and the intestinal microbiota, particularly in the context of colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/imunologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia
3.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 49(1): 12-16, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914528

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and outcome of gastroenteropancreatic high-grade neuroendocrine tumors. Methods: A total of 60 gastroenteropancreatic high-grade neuroendocrine tumors were collected from January 1st, 2013 to December 31th, 2018 at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, with available pathology databases and clinic follow-up information. At the same time, 157 cases of gastrointestinal pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasm (NEN) diagnosed at the hospital in 2018 were collected and the incidence of NEN at all grades was compared. Results: There were 32 males and 28 females, aged 13-80 years (mean 54 years). Pancreas primary was the most common (48%, 29/60). Nodal metastatic rate was 9/16 and distant metastatic rate was 41%(18/44). Liver was the most common site of metastasis. Among all the gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms diagnosed in the hospital in 2018, the incidence of high-grade neuroendocrine tumors was the lowest (7%, 11/157). High-grade neuroendocrine tumors had typical pathologic features of well-differentiated/moderate neuroendocrine tumors, but with significant differences in mitotic rates. By immunohistochemical staining, most of the tumors expressed neuroendocrine markers and somatostatin receptor 2 was positive in 60% (12/20) of the cases. The average Ki-67 index was 30%-40%, and there was significant difference between cases (18%-80%). The overall survival of high-grade neuroendocrine tumors was 43 months, and the disease-free survival was 12 months. Conclusions: High-grade neuroendocrine tumor is a rare group of neuroendocrine tumors, with unique clinicopathological features and good prognosis. Pathological classification and grading of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms can help clinicians to select appropriate treatment and accurately evaluate prognosis.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Adulto Jovem
4.
Life Sci ; 240: 117105, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786196

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate whether Rac1 inhibition can alleviate radiation-induced intestinal injury (RIII), meanwhile exist no protection on tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rac1 inhibition was achieved by its specific inhibitor, NSC23766. Mice were pretreated with different intraperitoneal injections, which were normal saline for NS group (N = 9), and 2.5 mg/kg and 5 mg/kg of NSC23766 for Low-Dose group (N = 9) and High-Dose group (N = 9), respectively. After total body irritation (10Gy), small intestinal tissues were collected for Hematoxylin-Eosin (H&E) staining and Terminal-deoxynucleotidyl Transferase Mediated dUTP Nick End Labeling (TUNEL). Intestinal epithelial and tumor cell lines, namely MODE-k and CT-26, were used to further study the role of Rac1 inhibition on radiation damage. Flow cytometry was used to detect changes in reactive oxygen species production, cell cycles and mitochondrial membrane potential, the latter was also checked by fluorescence microscope. Changes of protein-expression associated with apoptosis and cell cycles were detected by Western blotting to explain the possible molecular mechanism. KEY FINDINGS: Height of intestine villi and depth of crypt were higher (P < 0.01) and apoptosis ratio lower (P < 0.01) in High-Dose group compared with those in NS group. After radiation, Rac1 inhibition pre-treatment improved the vitality (P < 0.01) and reduced the apoptosis (P < 0.01) in MODE-k while yielded opposite results in CT-26, and reduced ROS production of MODE-k (P < 0.01) while had little effect on that of CT-26. Rac1 inhibition differently affected the cell cycles of normal cells and that of tumor cells. SIGNIFICANCE: Inhibition of Rac1 could alleviate RIII, meanwhile assist the killing effect of radiation on tumor cells.


Assuntos
Aminoquinolinas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Intestinais/radioterapia , Intestinos/lesões , Neuropeptídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Lesões Experimentais por Radiação/tratamento farmacológico , Protetores contra Radiação/uso terapêutico , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Irradiação Corporal Total
5.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(3): 480-485, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatostatin analog functional imaging with gallium-68 (Ga-68) dotatate positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) has demonstrated superiority in lesion detection in patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). The clinical impact of this imaging modality on US surgical and medical oncology practices has not been established. METHODS: Consecutive patients with NET at our institution who received an initial Ga-68 dotatate PET/CT between July 2017 and September 2018 were included. Ga-68 dotatate PET/CT was compared with prior imaging. RESULTS: Among 101 eligible patients, 51 of 50 were female/male, site of origin was gastroenteropancreatic (75%), unknown primary (13%), lung (8%), thymus (2%), and other (2%). All NETs were histologically well/moderately differentiated. Ga-68 dotatate imaging findings altered management in 36 (35.6%) patients: documentation of progression led to the initiation of systemic therapy in 14 patients, obviated the need for biopsy in four patients, and altered surgical plans in 7 of 14 (50%) patients referred for surgery. In 11 patients, decisions regarding peptide receptor radionucleotide therapy and somatostatin analogs were altered. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, Ga-68 dotatate PET/CT altered diagnosis and management in one-third of patients and changed operative plans in half of the patients who were referred for surgical evaluation. These results support the routine use of this imaging in the care of patients with early-stage and advanced NETs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Intestinais/terapia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/terapia , Compostos Organometálicos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Feminino , Radioisótopos de Gálio , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Desconhecidas/terapia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias do Timo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Neoplasias do Timo/terapia
6.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 116(12): 1015-1021, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827041

RESUMO

We retrospectively investigated 14 Japanese patients with Peutz-Jeghers (PJ) syndrome who were treated in six hospitals to determine the prevalence of cancer in Japanese patients with PJ syndrome. The study included seven males and seven females. The mean age at the time of diagnosis of PJ syndrome was 28.1 years (range 2-60 years). Hamartomatous polyps were observed in 13 (92.9%) patients, mucocutaneous pigmentation in 11 (78.6%), and positive family history in six patients (42.9%). The mean observation period after the diagnosis of PJ syndrome was 10.1 years (range 0-34 years). Although one patient died of cancer of unknown primary origin, the remaining 13 patients included in the study completed their last follow-up at each hospital. Cancers were detected in six patients (42.9%), including cancer of the uterine cervix (N=3), breast cancer (N=1), duodenal cancer (N=1), transverse colon cancer (N=1), and cancer of unknown primary origin (N=1). One patient presented with both cervical cancer and breast cancer. No patient presented with pancreatic cancer. This study highlights that patients with PJ syndrome are at high risk for intestinal and extra-intestinal cancers, such as uterine and breast cancer. Routine surveillance for intestinal and extra-intestinal malignancies is warranted in patients with PJ syndrome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Peutz-Jeghers/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Intestinos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18304, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852111

RESUMO

The differential diagnosis of Crohn disease (CD) from intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and primary intestinal lymphoma (PIL) is challenging in patients who exhibit atypical clinical characteristics. The aim of the present study was to explore the serum proteome profiles of CD, PIL and ITB and to identify their differentiations.Treatment-naïve patients with CD (n = 10), PIL (n = 10) and ITB (n = 10) were enrolled in the present study. Differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in patient serum samples were compared between groups using tandem mass tag labeled proteomic technology. A principal component analysis (PCA) plot and volcano maps were also visualized. Functional pathway analysis was performed using Reactome. The Area under the Curve (AUC) was calculated for each DEP.A total of 818 proteins were identified through proteomic quantification. Among them, 108 DEPs were identified to be differentiated between CD and ITB, 105 proteins between CD and PIL and 55 proteins between ITB and PIL. The proteome from the three groups was distinguishable in the PCA plot. The results revealed that 19, 12, and 10 proteins (AUC ≥ 0.95) were differentially expressed between CD and PIL, CD and ITB, and PIL and ITB, respectively. Among these DEPs, tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily member 13 was higher in CD than in ITB and PIL. Peroxiredoxin-5, T-complex protein 1 subunit Gamma, CutA, and Fibulin-5 were increased in CD and PIL when compared with ITB. The levels of fibrinogen chains were also significantly higher in patients with PIL compared with CD.The current study demonstrated that serum proteome was distinguishable among patients with CD, PIL, and ITB. The identified proteins may assist in the clinical differentiation among them.


Assuntos
Doença de Crohn/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intestinais/sangue , Linfoma/sangue , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Tuberculose Gastrointestinal/sangue , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Linfoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tuberculose Gastrointestinal/diagnóstico
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18478, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876733

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with radiolabeled somatostatin analogs is a targeted internal radiotherapy method used to treat tumors expressing somatostatin receptors. Concomitant amino acids perfusion is systematically performed in order to inhibit the proximal tubular uptake of the radionuclide and thus prevent nephrotoxicity. PATIENT CONCERNS:: a 67-year-old woman with an intestinal neuroendocrine tumor with multiple lymphadenopathies and liver metastases. The patient displayed a carcinoid syndrome with flushes including facial erythrosis and paresthesia. During the treatment, the patient exhibited emesis and severe cramps. DIAGNOSIS: We describe incomplete proximal tubulopathy induced by an amino acid therapy with [177Lu]-DOTA0-Tyr3-octreotate, which was reversible after treatment discontinuation. This diagnosis relies on metabolic acidosis, hypophosphatemia due to renal loss, tubular proteinuria and generalized aminoaciduria. Serum creatinine remained stable during and after the procedure. INTERVENTIONS: PRRT with radiolabeled somatostatin analog ([177Lu]-DOTA0-Tyr3-octreotate). In order to prevent PRRT induced nephrotoxicity, we used a solution of 20 amino acids including 22 g/L Lysine and 16.8 g/L Arginine. Metoclopramide was successfully used to control vomiting. During the treatment and at the time of cramps, the blood sample showed hypophosphatemia at 0.3 mmol/L justifying intravenous phosphate supplementation. The cramps disappeared after this infusion. OUTCOMES: Hypophosphatemia with low TmPO4/GFR was observed as well as an increase in ß2-microglobulinuria, urinary polyclonal light chains, and amino aciduria involving all amino acids. All these disturbances disappeared the day after the treatment and there was no acute kidney injury after 5 PRRT sessions. Six months after PRRT discontinuation, the patient had neither renal failure nor proximal tubulopathy. Aminoacid induced tubulopathy involves the main ligands of the megalin receptor. It has recently been demonstrated that cilastatin is a megalin inhibitor in the proximal tubule and therefore could represent an attractive alternative to amino acids for this purpose. LESSONS: This case report is a description of a nephroprotective strategy in which partial, and transient tubulopathy is induced, in order to decrease proximal absorption of a tubulotoxic molecule. This little known strategy could be used to prevent proximal tubular injury caused by others megalin-mediated nephrotoxicity medication.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Fanconi/induzido quimicamente , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Organometálicos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Aminoácidos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/radioterapia , Túbulos Renais Proximais/efeitos dos fármacos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/radioterapia , Octreotida/efeitos adversos , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Compostos Organometálicos/uso terapêutico , Radioisótopos/efeitos adversos , Radioisótopos/uso terapêutico , Receptores de Peptídeos
9.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 866-871, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694137

RESUMO

Neuroendocrine tumor(NET) is a kind of highly heterogeneous and ubiquitous tumor, frequently localized in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Surgery combined with regional ablation, endocrine therapy,chemotherapy and targeted therapy presents a favorable prognosis when treated with G1 or G2 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor(GEP-NET). However, there are only limited therapeutic strategies for metastatic unresectable tumors and poorly differentiated NEC,which are closely related to the special tumor microenvironment of neuroendocrine tumors.Targeting tumor microenvironment therapy is an important method in current systematic therapy, but till now the knowledge of neuroendocrine tumor microenvironment and its related treatment are limited. This article will specifically introduce the characteristics of tumor microenvironment in GEP-NET from the following aspects: the formation of enrichment vascular supply in TME,the role of tumor stroma,immune cells and cancer associacted fibroblast, and immune checkpoint and future trend of immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/terapia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Microambiente Tumoral , Humanos
10.
Radiologe ; 59(11): 968-974, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570965

RESUMO

CLINICAL/METHODICAL ISSUE: Pulmonary carcinoids and carcinoids of the small intestine (jejunum and ileum) are often asymptomatic and can affect various parts of the body, which makes diagnosis difficult. STANDARD RADIOLOGICAL METHODS: Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CE-CT) is commonly used for primary diagnostics. In case of concomitant pulmonary consolidation (e.g., atelectasis or pneumonia), tumor lesions can be obscured. In addition, differentiation between atypical (AC) and typical carcinoids (TC) is not possible using CT. Small tumors of the small intestine are easily overlooked (sensitivity: 50-85%, specificity: 25-97%, based on the literature). Additional functional imaging evaluation using hybrid imaging techniques can be applied, e.g., positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT). METHODICAL INNOVATIONS/PERFORMANCE: Depending on the histological characteristics of the tumor, PET/CT scans can be performed with different tracers. Since most carcinoids (e.g., TC) express somatostatin receptors (SSR), 68 gallium-radiolabeled PET tracers (e.g. 68 Ga-DOTA-TOC) are commonly used (sensitivity: 88-93%, specificity: 88-95%, based on the literature). Poorly differentiated carcinoids (e.g., AC) demonstrate lower SSR expression; thus, use of 18F­FDG (sensitivity: 37-72%, based on the literature) is indicated. In principle, these methods enable a noninvasive prognostic differentiation based on SSR expression and 18F­FDG uptake. However, the diagnosis must always be histologically confirmed. ACHIEVEMENTS/PRACTICAL RECOMMENDATIONS: Hybrid imaging with CE-CT and PET is useful to detect pulmonary carcinoids and carcinoids of the small intestine, respectively, and can be utilized for primary diagnostics and restaging.


Assuntos
Tumor Carcinoide , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tumor Carcinoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Intestino Delgado , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
11.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 46(10): 1635-1637, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31631159

RESUMO

Undifferentiated cancer of the small intestine has a poor prognosis and has rarely been reported.We report a case of undifferentiated intestinal carcinoma.A 55-year-old man presented with epigastralgia in December 2018. Blood test results showed a high degree of anemia.Contrast -enhanced abdominal CT showed a small intestinal tumor with a diffuse thickened wall along with multiple liver metastases.Capsule endoscopy revealed a bleeding tumor.It was diagnosed as carcinoma by transhepatic-ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy.Given the preoperative diagnosis of intestinal carcinoma, we resected the tumor along with a part of the small intestine and the enlarged lymph nodes.The pathological diagnosis was undifferentiated intestinal carcinoma.The patient was discharged on the 6th postoperative day after surgery.He was scheduled to receive postoperative chemotherapy.There was no evidence of undifferentiated intestinal carcinoma.Herein, we review case reports from the literature.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Humanos , Intestino Delgado , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17154, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517859

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs) are a heterogeneous group of epithelial neoplasms originating from the diffuse neuroendocrine cell system of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. They are very rare, especially in pediatric age, and vary widely in terms of clinical presentation, malignant potential, and prognosis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 9 years' old, white female child presented with abdominal pain and diarrhea mixed with bright red blood lasting 2 days followed by hematemesis. DIAGNOSIS: Routine laboratory tests revealed microcytic anemia. Upper endoscopy showed a 20-mm polypoid lesion in the posterior wall of the duodenal bulb. Biopsy specimens were taken and histologic analysis showed a well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumor G1, with a ki-67 index <2%, an expression of chromogranine A (CgA), synaptophysin and somatostatin receptor type 2A (SSTR2A). Endoscopic ultrasound showed a 21-mm hypoechoic, hypervascular lesion involving the mucosal, submucosal, and muscular layers and a 15-mm hypoechoic round periduodenal lymph node. Gallium-68-somatostatin receptor positron emission tomography (PET with Ga-DOTATOC) showed one area of tracer uptake in the duodenum and other one near the duodenum compatible with the primary tumor site and a lymph node respectively. All the tests confirmed the diagnosis of a GEP-NET of the duodenal bulb, with a single lymph-node metastasis. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent an open duodenal wedge resection. OUTCOMES: The follow-up at 6, 24, and 36 months and then yearly after surgery for a total of 42 months showed no evidence of recurrence. CONCLUSION: Duodenal neuroendocrine tumors represent 1% to 3% of all GEP-NETs. They are rare in adults and extremely rare in children. Therefore, the diagnostic and therapeutic approach should be multidisciplinary, including laboratory, endoscopic, and specific imaging tests and strictly follows guidelines, to avoid misdiagnosis and inadequate treatments. Although the prognosis is benign in most cases, they can present with metastases. Therefore, a careful follow-up is extremely important.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/diagnóstico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Duodeno , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
13.
Br J Nurs ; 28(16): 1063-1068, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518538

RESUMO

Patients who present to their GP with 'red flag' symptoms for possible bowel cancer (such as change in bowel habit or rectal bleeding) are urgently referred to an acute trust as a '2 week wait' (2WW) patient and require assessment and investigation in an efficient and timely manner. The burden that is created by ever increasing numbers of referrals requires a service that is reliable and flexible in meeting demand. This article presents the development of a nurse-led 2WW service that was implemented as a direct result of this pressure. The development of the national guideline is discussed and the rationale for a nurse-led service is provided, along with the processes followed to ensure patient safety. The inclusion of a telephone side to service provision is also examined and the challenges faced by the team are discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/enfermagem , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Listas de Espera , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Reino Unido
15.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20181026, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of image guided-hypofractionated radiation therapy (IG-HRT) in patients with thoracic nodes oligometastases. METHODS: The present study is a multicenter analysis. Oligometastatic patients, affected by a maximum of five active lesions in three or less different organs, treated with IG-HRT to thoracic nodes metastases between 2012 and 2017 were included in the analysis. Primary end point was local control (LC), secondary end points were overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, acute and late toxicity. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to identify possible prognostic factors for the survival end points. RESULTS: 76 patients were included in the analysis. Different RT dose and fractionation schedules were prescribed according to site, number, size of the lymph node(s) and to respect dose constraints for relevant organs at risk. Median biologically effective dose delivered was 75 Gy (interquartile range: 59-86 Gy). Treatment was optimal; one G1 acute toxicity and seven G1 late toxicities of any grade were recorded. Median follow-up time was 23.16 months. 16 patients (21.05%) had a local progression, while 52 patients progressed in distant sites (68.42 %).Median local relapse free survival was not reached, LC at 6, 12 and 24 months was 96.05% [confidence interval (CI) 88.26-98.71%], 86.68% (CI 75.86-92.87) and 68.21% (CI 51.89-80.00%), respectively. Median OS was 28.3 months (interquartile range 16.1-47.2). Median progression-freesurvival was 9.2 months (interquartile range 4.1-17.93).At multivariate analysis, RT dose, colorectal histology, systemic therapies were correlated with LC. Performance status and the presence of metastatic sites other than the thoracic nodes were correlated with OS. Local response was a predictor of OS. CONCLUSION: IG-HRT for thoracic nodes was safe and feasible. Higher RT doses were correlated to better LC and should be taken in consideration at least in patients with isolated nodal metastases and colorectal histology. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Radiotherapy is safe and effective treatment for thoracic nodes metastases, higher radiotherapy doses are correlated to better LC. Oligometastatic patients can receive IG-HRT also for thoracic nodes metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Mediastino/radioterapia , Neoplasias Torácicas/radioterapia , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Radioterapia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Torácicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Torácicas/mortalidade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos
18.
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg ; 25(5): 510-513, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475334

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aim to present the data of patients who underwent appendectomy due to acute appendicitis, and incidental carcinoid tumor was detected on pathology. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the patient charts between January 1999 and September 2018 were performed. RESULTS: 2778 appendectomy was performed due to acute appendicitis. Appendiceal carcinoid tumor was detected in 12 (0.43%) patients. Eight patients were (66.7%) female. Median age 37.5 years (range: 21-60). The median tumor size was 0.7 cm (range: 0.1-2.5). No perforation was detected. Eleven patients underwent appendectomy, and one patient had right hemicolectomy. The median follow-up period was 41.5 months (range: 22-49). There were no recurrences. CONCLUSION: Appendix carcinoid tumors are quite rare, usually asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally on histopathological examination after appendectomy. The treatment of carcinoid tumors of the appendix is directly related to the tumor size, localization, presence of lymphovascular and mesoappendix invasion, mitotic activation rate and level of Ki67. Thus, it is important to follow the histopathological results after appendectomy. The prognosis of appendix carcinoid tumors is very good if the appendix is non-perforated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Apêndice , Tumor Carcinoide , Neoplasias Intestinais , Adulto , Neoplasias do Apêndice/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Apêndice/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/patologia , Neoplasias do Apêndice/cirurgia , Apendicite , Tumor Carcinoide/diagnóstico , Tumor Carcinoide/epidemiologia , Tumor Carcinoide/patologia , Tumor Carcinoide/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intestinais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 1419-1432, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496669

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of primary site surgery (PSS) on elderly patients (≥65 years) with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumor (pNET) distant metastasis. Patients and methods: We reviewed Surveillance Epidemiology and the End Results database for elderly patients with distant pNET from 1973 to 2015. The variables and survival outcomes of patients with PSS were compared with that of patients with no PSS. After propensity score matching, the survival outcome was compared again between the two groups. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify variables associated with cancer-specific and overall survival. Four sub-groups were divided according to the age and differentiation: 1) age 65-74 years+ well or moderately differentiated; 2) age ≥75 years+ well or moderately differentiated; 3) age 65-74 years+ poorly differentiated or undifferentiated; and 4) age ≥75 years+ poorly differentiated or undifferentiated. Cancer-specific survival was compared between the patients with and without PSS in the above each group. Results: A total of 210 elderly patients with distant pNET were finally confirmed. Of which, 148 patients did not undergo PSS, while 62 patients underwent PSS. Being female (p=0.049), locating on body/tail of pancreas (p=0.006), and well or moderately differentiated (p=0.032) were more likely received PSS. The patients underwent PSS had better survival outcomes both before and after propensity score matching. Multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis proves PSS and higher histological grade to be protective and risk factors. PSS may improve cancer specific survival in patients of group 1), and no improvement was observed in patients of the other three sub-groups. Conclusion: Not all elderly patients with pNET distant metastasis could benefit from PSS. Patients aged 65-74 years with well or moderately differentiated may benefit from primary lesion surgery, but should be evaluated carefully. Prospective randomized controlled trials are worth performing.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(32): 2527-2531, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484281

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Methods: The clinicopathologic data of enrolled patients with NETs between October 2012 and October 2017 at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 488 NETs patients, the average age was (51.0±15.8) years, and the sex ratio (male/female) was 1∶1.1. Of the NETs, 370 were located in the digestive system (75.8%), 63 were pulmonary (12.9%), 14 were mediastinal (2.9%), 7 were of unknown primary origin (1.4%), and 34 were located in other sites (7.0%). Among the NETs, the pancreas, rectum and stomach were the most common sites. In the digestive system NETs, the most common tumor grade was G1 (190 cases, 51.4%), followed by G2 (143 cases, 38.6%) and NET-G3 (37 cases, 10.0%). In pulmonary NETs, typical and atypical carcinoid tumors was 47.6% and 52.4%, respectively. There were 310 patients at stage Ⅰ/Ⅱ, 53 at stage Ⅲ, 69 at stage Ⅳ and 56 at stage undiagnosed, respectively. The relationships among age, stage, grade, metastasis, treatment and prognosis were analyzed. All these factors could influence the survival rate of NET patients. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that age (>50 years old) (HR=2.831, 95%CI:1.414-7.029, P=0.025) and distant metastasis (HR=10.208, 95%CI:4.110-25.355, P<0.001) were independent risk factors. Conclusions: The most common primary sites of NETs are the pancreas, rectum, and stomach. Age and distant metastasis are independent risk factors for the prognosis of NETs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Intestinais , Tumores Neuroendócrinos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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