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1.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 35, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602258

RESUMO

China and the rest of the world are experiencing an outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Patients with cancer are more susceptible to viral infection and are more likely to develop severe complications, as compared to healthy individuals. The growing spread of COVID-19 presents challenges for the clinical care of patients with gynecological malignancies. Ovarian debulking surgery combined with the frequent need for chemotherapy is most likely why ovarian cancer was rated as the gynecologic cancer most affected by COVID-19. Therefore, ovarian cancer presents a particular challenging task. Concerning the ovarian cancer studies with confirmed COVID-19 reported from large-scale general hospitals in Wuhan, we hold that the treatment plan was adjusted appropriately and an individualized remedy was implemented. The recommendations discussed here were developed mainly based on the experience from Wuhan. We advise that the management strategy for ovarian cancer patients should be adjusted in the light of the local epidemic situation and formulated according to the pathological type, tumor stage and the current treatment phase. Online medical service is an effective and convenient communication platform during the pandemic.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , /isolamento & purificação , /epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Ginecologia/métodos , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Oncologia/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Pandemias , /fisiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e22605, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous publications studied the correction about folate intake and ovarian cancer risk, with inconsistent results. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the association between folate intake and ovarian cancer risk using the existing published articles. METHOD: We searched for relevant studies in electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane, and Wanfang databases from inception to May 31, 2020. The overall relative risk (RR) and its 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were pooled using a random-effect model. RESULTS: A total of 12 articles with 6304 ovarian cancer cases were suitable for the inclusion criteria. The evaluated of the ovarian cancer risk with total folate intake and dietary folate intake were reported in 6 articles and 10 articles, respectively. Overall, highest category of dietary folate intake compared with lowest category had nonsignificant association on the risk of ovarian cancer (RR = 0.90, 95% CI = 0.77-1.06). The association was not significant between total folate intake and ovarian cancer risk (RR = 1.06, 95% CI = 0.89-1.27). The results in subgroup analyses by study design and geographic location were not changed either in dietary folate intake analysis or in total folate intake analysis. CONCLUSION: Our meta-analysis demonstrates that folate intake had no significant association on the risk of ovarian cancer. Study design and geographic location were not associated with ovarian cancer while some other related factors were not investigated due to the limited information provided in each included study. Therefore, further studies are needed to verify our results.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/epidemiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Ácido Fólico/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Fatores de Risco
3.
Trials ; 22(1): 88, 2021 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33494753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a trend to increasing use of routinely collected health data to ascertain outcome measures in trials. We report on the completeness and accuracy of national ovarian cancer and death registration in the United Kingdom Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS). METHODS: Of the 202,638 participants, 202,632 were successfully linked and followed through national cancer and death registries of Northern Ireland, Wales and England. Women with registrations of any of 19 pre-defined ICD-10 codes suggestive of tubo-ovarian cancer or notification of ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancer from hospital episode statistics or trial sites were identified. Copies of hospital and primary care notes were retrieved and reviewed by an independent outcomes review committee. National registration of site and cause of death as ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancer (C56/C57/C48) obtained up to 3 months after trial censorship was compared to that assigned by outcomes review (reference standard). RESULTS: Outcome review was undertaken in 3110 women on whom notification was received between 2001 and 2014. Ovarian cancer was confirmed in 1324 of whom 1125 had a relevant cancer registration. Sensitivity and specificity of ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancer registration were 85.0% (1125/1324; 95% CI 83.7-86.2%) and 94.0% (1679/1786; 95% CI 93.2-94.8%), respectively. Of 2041 death registrations reviewed, 681 were confirmed to have a tubo-ovarian cancer of whom 605 had relevant death registration. Sensitivity and specificity were 88.8% (605/681; 95% CI 86.4-91.2%) and 96.7% (1482/1533, 95% CI 95.8-97.6%), respectively. When multiple electronic health record sources were considered, sensitivity for cancer site increased to 91.1% (1206/1324, 95% CI 89.4-92.5%) and for cause of death 94.0% (640/681, 95% CI 91.9-95.5%). Of 1232 with cancer registration, 8.7% (107/1232) were wrongly designated as ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancers by the registry and 4.0% (47/1172) of confirmed tubo-ovarian cancers were mis-registered. In 656 with death registrations, 7.8% (51/656) were wrongly assigned as due to ovarian/tubal/peritoneal cancers while 6.2% (40/645) of confirmed tubo-ovarian cancer deaths were mis-registered. CONCLUSION: Follow-up of trial participants for tubo-ovarian cancer using national registry data will result in incomplete ascertainment, particularly of the site due in part to the latency of registration. This can be reduced by using other routinely collected data such as hospital episode statistics. Central adjudication by experts though resource intensive adds value by improving the accuracy of diagnoses. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ISRCTN: ISRCTN22488978 . Registered on 6 April 2000.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21146, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is one of the common malignancies that afflict women worldwide. In rare cases, cervical cancer leads to ovarian metastasis (OM), resulting in poor outcomes. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of OM in patients with adenocarcinoma (ADC) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the cervix. METHODS: We searched articles focused on OM in cervical carcinoma in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. A meta-analysis was performed including selected publications. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated using random-effects models. The heterogeneity was evaluated by the I test. I > 50% was considered high heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies with 18,389 patients with cervical cancer in International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IA to IIB were included in the meta-analysis. The overall incidence of OM was 3.61% among patients with ADC and 1.46% among patients with SCC (ADC vs SCC: OR 3.89, 95% CI 2.62-5.78; P < .001). Risk factors for OM were age >40 years (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.02-3.13), bulky tumor (OR 2.65, 95% CI 1.77-3.95), pelvic lymph node involvement (PLNI; OR 9.33, 95% CI 6.34-13.73), lymphovascular space involvement (LVSI; OR 4.38, 95% CI 1.86-10.31), parametrial invasion (PMI; OR 7.87, 95% CI 5.01-12.36), and corpus uteri invasion (CUI; OR 7.64, 95% CI 2.51-23.24). PLNI, LVSI, and PMI were the leading risk factors, contributing to OM with respective population attributable fractions of 64.8%, 58.8%, and 51.5%. CONCLUSION: The incidence of OM is relatively low in ADC and SCC patients. Risk factors for OM include PLNI, LVSI, PMI, bulky tumor, CUI, or age over 40 years, with the first 3 contributing more to risk of OM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/secundário , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
5.
ESMO Open ; 5(Suppl 3)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718919

RESUMO

The rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection and its related disease (COVID-19) has required an immediate and coordinate healthcare response to face the worldwide emergency and define strategies to maintain the continuum of care for the non-COVID-19 diseases while protecting patients and healthcare providers. The dimension of the COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented risk especially for the more vulnerable populations. To manage patients with cancer adequately, maintaining the highest quality of care, a definition of value-based priorities is necessary to define which interventions can be safely postponed without affecting patients' outcome. The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has endorsed a tiered approach across three different levels of priority (high, medium, low) incorporating information on the value-based prioritisation and clinical cogency of the interventions that can be applied for different disease sites. Patients with gynaecological cancer are at particular risk of COVID-19 complications because of their age and prevalence of comorbidities. The definition of priority level should be based on tumour stage and histology, cancer-related symptoms or complications, aim (curative vs palliative) and magnitude of benefit of the oncological intervention, patients' general condition and preferences. The decision-making process always needs to consider the disease-specific national and international guidelines and the local healthcare system and social resources, and a changing situation in relation to COVID-19 infection. These recommendations aim to provide guidance for the definition of deferrable and undeferrable interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic for ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers within the context of the ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Oncologia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Oncologia/organização & administração , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sociedades Médicas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
6.
Cancer Causes Control ; 31(10): 869-879, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32685996

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The link between lipid-stabilizing medications and epithelial ovarian carcinogenesis is incompletely understood. Statins may reduce ovarian cancer risk, but results are inconclusive. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies reporting associations between statin use and ovarian cancer risk in PubMed. Summary risk ratios (RRs) and confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Subgroup analyses by cancer histotype, statin class (lipo- or hydrophilic) and duration of statin use were conducted. Use of individual statins in populations was assessed to determine population-specific differences in statin types. RESULTS: Nine studies with 435,237 total women were included (1 randomized controlled trial (RCT); 4 prospective; 4 case-control). Statin use was associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer (RR 0.87, 95% CI 0.74-1.03) and risk was significantly reduced in populations with low pravastatin use (RR 0.83, 95% CI 0.70-0.99). Risk estimates varied by statin class (3 studies; lipophilic: RR 0.88, 95% CI 0.69-1.12; hydrophilic: RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.72-1.57) and cancer histotype (3 studies; serous: RR 0.95, 95% CI 0.69-1.30; clear cell: RR 1.17, 95% CI 0.74-1.86). Long-term use was associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer (RR 0.77, 95% CI 0.54-1.10) that further reduced when pravastatin use was low (RR 0.68, 95% CI 0.46-1.01). Between-study heterogeneity was high overall and in subgroups (I2 > 60%). CONCLUSION: Statins may be associated with a reduced risk of ovarian cancer, but the effect likely differs by individual statin, duration of use and cancer histotype. Additional well-powered studies are needed to elucidate important subgroup effects.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Risco
7.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236244, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701994

RESUMO

For patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, the goals of chemotherapy include palliation of disease-related symptoms with minimum treatment-related side effects. However, there is currently a paucity of data regarding the initiation of palliative chemotherapy. This study aimed to compare the differences in survival rates and toxicities between patients with recurrent ovarian cancer who started palliative chemotherapy immediately versus those who received delayed chemotherapy. Through a retrospective chart review, patients who received more than three lines of chemotherapy were included. Based on the timing of third-line chemotherapy initiation, the patients were divided into two groups: delayed (DTG) and immediate (ITG) treatment groups. The chi-square test or Fisher's exact tests, and t-test or Mann-Whitney U test were used for comparing variables, as appropriate. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. P-value of <0.05 was considered significant. Although there was no statistically significant difference, the total number of regimens and cycles was lower in the DTG than in the ITG. No differences in toxicities and survival rates were observed between the two groups. Overall, survival and toxicity did not differ significantly between the two groups. In a palliative care setting, our findings suggest that delaying the treatment had no adverse effect on survival. Despite the lack of evidence of a survival benefit with aggressive treatment, patients chose to continue chemotherapy. Because recurrent ovarian cancer is a complex condition, patients require sufficient explanation and time to fully understand the costs and benefits related to aggressive chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Cuidados Paliativos , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
8.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(2): 481-486, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519016

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the epidemiology, clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with malignant ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors (SLCTs) in comparison to granulosa cell tumors (GCTs). METHODS: The National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database were accessed and patients diagnosed with a malignant SLCT and GCT between 1988 and 2013 were selected. Demographic and clinico-pathological characteristics were compared using the Mann-Whitney and chi-square tests. Overall (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were estimated with the Kaplan-Meier method and compared with the log-rank test. Cox hazard models were constructed to control for confounders. RESULTS: A total of 175 and 1361 patients diagnosed with SLCT and GCT, respectively, were identified. Compared to patients with GCT, those with SLCT were younger (median age 32 vs. 51 years, p < 0.001) and more likely to present with larger tumors (median size 15 vs 9.5 cm, p < 0.001) confined to the ovary (77.5% vs 69.2%, p = 0.031). Patients with SLCTs had worse CSS compared to those with GCTs, p < 0.001 (5-year rate was 76.2% vs 90.7%). After controlling for the presence of extra-ovarian disease and tumor size (≤ 10 vs > 10 cm), SCLTs were associated with a worse cancer-specific mortality compared to GCTs. CONCLUSIONS: SLCTs are extremely rare, commonly arise in premenopausal patients. They are associated with a poorer prognosis compared to GCT.


Assuntos
Tumor de Células da Granulosa/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20444, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32501991

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the quality of virtual low-keV monoenergetic images vs conventional images reconstructed from dual-layer spectral detector computed tomography (SDCT) for the detection of peritoneal implants of ovarian cancer.Fifty ovarian cancer patients who underwent abdominopelvic SDCT scans were included in this retrospective study. Virtual monoenergetic images at 40 (VMI40) and 50 keV (VMI50), and two conventional images were reconstructed using filtered back projection (FBP) and iterative model reconstruction (IMR) protocols. The mean attenuation of the peritoneal implant, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio relative to ascites (CNRA) and adjacent reference tissues (e.g., bowel wall, hepatic, or splenic parenchyma [CNRB]) were calculated and compared using paired t tests. Qualitative image analysis regarding overall image quality, image noise, image blurring, lesion conspicuity, was performed by two radiologists. A subgroup analysis according to the peritoneal implant region was also conducted.VMI40 yielded significantly higher mean attenuation (183.35) of SNR and CNR values (SNR 11.69, CNRA 7.39, CNRB 2.68), compared to VMI50, IR, and FBP images (P < .001). The mean attenuation (129.65), SNR and CNR values (SNR 9.37, CNRA 5.72, CNRB 2.02) of VMI50 were also significantly higher than those of IR and FBP images (P < .001). In the subgroup analysis, all values were significantly higher on VMI40 regardless of the peritoneal implant region (P < .05). In both readers, overall image quality and image blurring showed highest score in VMI50, while image noise and lesion conspicuity showed best score in IMR and VMI40 respectively. Inter-reader agreements are moderate to almost perfect in every parameter.The low-keV VMIs improved both quantitative assessment and lesion conspicuity of peritoneal implants from ovarian cancer compared to conventional images.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Peritônio/efeitos dos fármacos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Imagem Radiográfica a Partir de Emissão de Duplo Fóton/métodos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Cancer Sci ; 111(9): 3350-3358, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495382

RESUMO

Whether germline (g) breast cancer susceptibility gene (BRCA) mutations are located within or outside the ovarian cancer cluster region (OCCR) (1380-4062 bp for gBRCA1, and between 3249-5681 bp and 6645-7471 bp for gBRCA2) may influence risk variations for ovarian cancers. This ad hoc analysis of the CHARLOTTE epidemiological study in Japan assessed the distribution of gBRCA1/2 mutations in patients with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer, and investigated an association between gBRCA1/2 mutation locations and ovarian cancer risk. Differences in patient background and clinical characteristics in subgroups stratified by gBRCA1/2 mutation locations were also evaluated. We analyzed the data of 93 patients (14.7%) from the CHARLOTTE study who were positive for gBRCA1/2 mutations. After excluding 16 cases with L63X founder mutation, 28 (65.1%) of gBRCA1 mutations were within the OCCR. Of 30 gBRCA2 mutations, 15 (50.0%) were within the OCCR. Of 27 patients (one patient excluded for unknown family history) with gBRCA1 mutations located in the OCCR, 11 (40.7%) had a family history of ovarian cancer; the proportion of patients with a family history of ovarian cancer and gBRCA1 mutations outside the OCCR was lower (13.3%). Sixty percent of patients with gBRCA1 mutations outside the OCCR had a family history of breast cancer; the proportion of patients with a family history of breast cancer and gBRCA1 mutations within the OCCR was relatively lower (33.3%). Understanding the mutation locations may contribute to more accurate risk assessments of susceptible individuals and early detection of ovarian cancer among gBRCA mutation carriers.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
11.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 24(1): 53-61, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32358937

RESUMO

This study aimed to describe the current incidence and mortality rates of gynecologic cancer and their association with socio- economic development. The data for the age-standardized incidence rate (ASRI) and age-standardized mortality rate (ASRM) were acquired from the GLOBOCAN-2012 database. Human Development Index (HDI) data were obtained from the 2015- Human Development Report. The correlation between HDI and Mortality to Incidence Ratio (MIR) was assessed by Pearson- correlation. The effect of national-HDI on MIR was analyzed by linear regression analysis. The ASRI, ASRM, and MIR of cervix cancer were higher in the less developed regions (LDRs) than in more developed regions (MDRs). However, for corpus uteri cancer, the ASRI was 3.6 times and the ASRM was 1.5-times higher in the MDRs than in the LDRs. Strong inverse associations between MIR and HDI were reported from cervix (adjusted R2 = 0.825, ß = - 0.908, p < 0.001), corpus uteri (adjusted R2 = 0.554, ß = - 0.746, p < 0.001) and ovarian cancer (adjusted R2 = 0.579, ß = - 0.763, p < 0.001). The higher MIR of gynecologic cancer in LDRs demand for sustainable investment in health systems and balanced cancer control plans in the region.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/mortalidade , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Desenvolvimento Humano , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Expectativa de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Características de Residência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia
12.
Eur J Cancer ; 133: 56-65, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32442924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study assessed the effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists (GnRHa) on the prevention of chemotherapy-induced ovarian insufficiency among young patients with malignant ovarian germ cell tumour (MOGCT) receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: This multicentre, retrospective study was conducted at 15 sites affiliated with the Korean Gynecologic Oncology Group and enrolled 354 patients between January 1995 and September 2018. Among them, 227 patients were included in this study and divided into two groups according to the use of GnRHa during chemotherapy (GnRHa versus no GnRHa groups). The primary objective was to compare the rates of menstrual resumption between the two groups. We also assessed the clinical determinants affecting menstrual resumption among the study groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the GnRHa (n = 63) and no GnRHa (n = 164) groups regarding age at diagnosis, parity, ethnicity, age at menarche, body mass index, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, mode of surgery and surgery type. The rate of menstrual resumption after chemotherapy was 100% (63 of 63) in the GnRHa group and 90.9% (149 of 164) in the no GnRHa group (p = 0.013). The mean periods from last chemotherapy to menstrual resumption were 7.4 and 7.3 months in the GnRHa and no GnRHa groups, respectively. GnRHa co-administration during chemotherapy reduced the likelihood of amenorrhoea after chemotherapy, although statistical significance was not confirmed in the univariate analysis (odds ratio: 0.276; 95% confidence interval, 0.004-1.317; p = 0.077). CONCLUSION: Temporary ovarian suppression with GnRHa during chemotherapy does not significantly increase the chances of menstrual resumption in young patients with MOGCT.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Fármacos para a Fertilidade Feminina/uso terapêutico , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/agonistas , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/induzido quimicamente , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Amenorreia/induzido quimicamente , Amenorreia/epidemiologia , Amenorreia/prevenção & controle , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Bleomicina/efeitos adversos , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Preservação da Fertilidade/métodos , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/induzido quimicamente , Infertilidade Feminina/epidemiologia , Infertilidade Feminina/prevenção & controle , Menopausa Precoce/efeitos dos fármacos , Menstruação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Toxicol Environ Health B Crit Rev ; 23(5): 183-213, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401187

RESUMO

The association between perineal talc use and ovarian cancer has been evaluated in several epidemiology studies. Some case-control studies reported weak positive associations, while other case-control and three large prospective cohort investigations found this association to be null. A weight-of-evidence evaluation was conducted of the epidemiology, toxicity, exposure, transport, in vitro, and mechanistic evidence to determine whether, collectively, these data support a causal association. Our review of the literature indicated that, while both case-control and cohort studies may be impacted by bias, the possibility of recall and other biases from the low participation rates and retrospective self-reporting of talc exposure cannot be ruled out for any of the case-control studies. The hypothesis that talc exposure induces ovarian cancer is only supported if one discounts the null results of the cohort studies and the fact that significant bias and/or confounding are likely reasons for the associations reported in some case-control investigations. In addition, one would need to ignore the evidence from animal experiments that show no marked association with cancer, in vitro and genotoxicity studies that did not indicate a carcinogenic mechanism of action for talc, and mechanistic and transport investigations that did not support the retrograde transport of talc to the ovaries. An alternative hypothesis that talc does not produce ovarian cancer, and that bias and confounding contribute the reported positive associations in case-control studies, is better supported by the evidence across all scientific disciplines. It is concluded that the evidence does not support a causal association between perineal talc use and ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/induzido quimicamente , Talco/toxicidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 17(3): 301-307, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Environmental factors may influence the lifetime risk of cancer (penetrance) in women with a BRCA mutation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 89 BRCA-mutant women, affected or unaffected by breast/ovarian cancer, we explored serum levels of adipokines and their relation with the polymorphism SNP276G>T as modulators of BRCA penetrance. RESULTS: Affected women had significantly lower adiponectin than healthy women. Affected women with rs1501299 TT had significantly lower adiponectin and higher leptin than GT and GG genotypes. GT genotype was significantly associated with the disease status [odds ratio (OR)=3.24, 95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.03-10.17]. Women in the lower tertile of serum adiponectin had a RR of BRCA-associated cancer of 2.80, 95% CI=1.1-7.1 (p for trend=0.03) compared with women in the higher tertile. CONCLUSION: In the SNP rs1501299 the T allele was significantly associated with lower serum levels of adiponectin in affected women, suggesting that the T allele might be related to cancer.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Adiponectina/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/sangue , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Exp Oncol ; 42(1): 66-74, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32231191

RESUMO

AIM: To describe incidence of malignant germ cell neoplasms (GCNs) in Ukraine and assess the medical care to patients with GCNs and its efficacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Records on 6495 males and 1038 females with malignant GCNs diagnosed in 2000-2013 extracted from the database of National Cancer Registry of Ukraine have been analyzed using methods of descriptive epidemiology and survival evaluation. RESULTS: In Ukraine, GCNs covered 79.1% of testicular cancers and 48.9% of ovarian cancers in patients aged 0-19 years, while their proportions in total cancer incidence did not exceed 0.7% in males and 0.1% in females. Most of GCNs in males (75.9%) were diagnosed at the reproductive age (20-49) and in females 72.2% of GCNs were diagnosed at the age of 0-44 years. Female gonadal GCNs were divided by germinomatous and nongerminomatous as 49.3% vs 50.7% while in males this proportion was 65.3% vs 34.7%. Age-specific incidence of genital GCNs in Ukraine reached peak values in males aged 25-39 years and in females aged 10-24 years. Nonseminomatous testicular GCN cases were more common than seminomatous cases in males until the age of 30 years with an incidence of seminomas peaked 10 years later than non-seminomas. Ovarian germinomas were more common than non-germinomas in females aged 15-29. Total GCN incidence rate in 2013 was 1.99 ± 0.090/0000 in males and 0.32 ± 0.040/0000 in females, being closer to that in the countries of Eastern Europe and Asia. In Ukraine, 5-year survival of patients with testicular GCN of stage I who received surgery combined with chemotherapy or radiotherapy was lower than that reported for Europe and USA, and substantially lower in patients with stages II-IV. Five-year survival of patients with ovarian GCN treated with surgery plus chemotherapy was close to that reported in a study for populations of European countries. CONCLUSION: The trends and patterns of GCN incidence in Ukraine are similar to those in other European countries, while patterns of treatment and survival in Ukraine are closer to that in countries in transition. Further research and analysis are impossible without due registration of both the diagnosis and the treatment undertaken as well as close follow-up of patients' life status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Testiculares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Testiculares/terapia , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Testiculares/patologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia
16.
Adv Cancer Res ; 146: 1-21, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241384

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is one of the most fatal cancers diagnosed in women in the United States (U.S.). Data from national databases, including the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program, show racial/ethnic differences in risk and survival of epithelial ovarian cancer with higher incidence among white women yet worse survival among African-American women compared to other racial/ethnic groups. The reasons for these differences are not well understood, but are likely multi-factorial. Epidemiologic studies suggest there may be some risk factor differences across racial/ethnic groups that would explain differences in the incidence of this rare and heterogeneous disease. Likewise, although data suggest that socioeconomic factors and access to care contribute to the disparity in ovarian cancer survival among African-American women, there are likely other contributing factors that have not as of yet been identified. Small sample sizes of minority women from individual studies do not provide adequate power to evaluate fully the contributions of environmental, genetic, and clinical factors associated with ovarian cancer risk and survival within these groups. Pooling existing data from individual epidemiologic studies has made a valuable contribution; however, new data collection is warranted to further our understanding of the underpinnings of the disparities in ovarian cancer that may lead to prevention and improved survival across all racial/ethnic groups.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Prognóstico , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
17.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 65: 101700, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146389

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the possible association between endosalpingiosis and ovarian cancer, therefore we assessed whether there is an association between histological confirmed endosalpingiosis and ovarian cancer. METHODS: We identified all women with a histological diagnosis of endosalpingiosis between 1990 and 2015 from the Dutch nationwide registry of histopathology and cytopathology (PALGA). We used women with a benign dermal nevus as controls. Histology results for cancer of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and peritoneum between January 1990 and July 2017 were retrieved. Incidence rate ratios (IRR) were estimated for ovarian cancer and its subtypes. RESULTS: We found 2490 women with a histological diagnosis of endosalpingiosis, of which 1005 women 40.4 %) had concurrent endometriosis. The age-adjusted IRR for ovarian cancer in endosalpingiosis patients (including endometriosis) was 43.7 (95 %CI 35.1-54.3). Excluding cases with concurrent endometriosis, resulted in an age-adjusted IRR of 38.8 (95 %CI 29.3-50.4). IRRs were 2.4 (95 %CI 1.4-3.9) and 1.8 (95 %CI 0.8-4.0) respectively when excluding synchronously diagnosed cases. The increased IRRs seem to be caused by an increased risk of clear cell and endometrioid ovarian cancer subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows an association between histological diagnosed endosalpingiosis and ovarian cancer. The association with endometrioid and clear cell subtypes seems most outspoken. Additionally, this study shows that this association is independent of histological endometriosis diagnosis, making it important for pathologists to report endosalpingiosis accurately and for gynaecologists to be more aware of the increased association of ovarian cancer in women with endosalpingiosis.


Assuntos
Endometriose/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Endometriose/complicações , Endometriose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/etiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia
18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 301(4): 1021-1026, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198624

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Due to the rarity of recurrent and persistent malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs), there is no standardized protocol for salvage therapy. This study aimed to investigate the outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with recurrent and persistent MOGCTs. METHODS: Clinical data for 59 patients with recurrent and persistent MOGCTs admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 1, 2000, to April 30, 2018, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Twenty-one cases (35.6%) were recurrent, and 38 (64.4%) were persistent. Patient age ranged from 1 to 39 years, and disease stage was as follows: 33 stage I, 4 stage II, 21 stage III, and 1 stage IV. There were 19 immature teratomas, 26 yolk sac tumors, 1 dysgerminoma, and 13 mixed germ cell tumors. Regarding the primary surgery, fertility was preserved in 49 patients and not preserved in 10 patients. Among the patients who underwent fertility-preserving primary surgery, 40 had fertility preserved in the second operation, and 9 did not. In the mean follow-up of 52.6 months (range 2-279 months) after recurrence, 19 patients (32.2%) experienced a second relapse, and 16 (27.1%) died. The 5-year survival and progression-free survival rates after relapse were 70.0% and 67.0%, respectively. The optimal salvage surgery and chemotherapy regimen after relapse were independent prognostic factors (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of recurrent and persistent MOGCTs was good after salvage therapy. The optimal salvage surgery and adjuvant standardized chemotherapy significantly impact patient prognosis. For young nulliparous patients, secondary fertility-sparing salvage therapy can be considered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Ovarian Res ; 13(1): 34, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is highly lethal gynecological cancer. Forkhead Box Protein C2 (FOXC2) promotes occurrence and development of various malignant tumors. The present study is aimed at exploring the correlation between the polymorphism of FOXC2 and epithelial ovarian cancer susceptibility in Chinese Han population. METHODS: A case-control design was used to verify the association between FOXC2 polymorphisms and epithelial ovarian cancer. The genotyping was performed using Taqman® SNP Genotyping kit by qRT-PCR. The genetic variants including rs3751794 C > T, rs1035550 A > G, rs4843163 C > G and rs4843396 C > T in FOXC2 gene were analyzed. The strength of the associations was detected using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Stratification analyses showed the association between the FOXC2 gene polymorphisms rs3751794 C > T, rs4843163 C > G and rs4843396 C > T with epithelial ovarian cancer susceptibility in terms of age, metastasis status, clinical stage, pathological grade, pregnant times, pausimenia, and the expression of ER, PR, wild p53 and mutant p53. RESULTS: Rs3751794 C > T (P = 0.0016), rs4843163 C > G (P < 0.0001) and rs4843396 C > T (P < 0.0001) were significantly associated with increased epithelial ovarian cancer risk. In stratification analyses,rs3751794 C > T, was identified to be dominant in no metastasis patients, clinical stage 4 group, middle grade pathological stage, pregnant time over 3 patients, post-menopause women, strong wild type p53 expression; rs4843163 C > G was dominant in high grade clinical stage, high grade pathological stage, post-menopause women, strong ER expression group and no mutant p53 expression group; rs4843396 C > T was dominant in high grade clinical stage, high grade pathological stage, strong ER expression group. The rs1035550 A > G was not related to epithelial ovarian cancer susceptibility. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the current study verified that FOXC2 gene polymorphisms were associated with increased epithelial ovarian cancer risk and suggested that FOXC2 gene polymorphisms might be a potential biomarker for epithelial ovarian cancer susceptibility.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Biomarcadores , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
20.
Gynecol Oncol ; 157(2): 529-535, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32122688

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While genitourinary complications during treatment for ovarian cancer are well-known, long-term adverse outcomes have not been well characterized. The number of ovarian cancer survivors has been increasing. The aim of this study was to investigate long-term adverse genitourinary outcomes in a population-based cohort. METHODS: We identified a cohort of 1270 ovarian cancer survivors diagnosed between 1996 and 2012 from the Utah Cancer Registry, and 5286 cancer-free women were matched on birth year and state from the Utah Population Database. Genitourinary disease diagnoses were identified through ICD-9 codes from electronic medical records and statewide healthcare facilities data. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HR) for genitourinary outcomes at 1 to <5 years and 5+ years after ovarian cancer diagnosis. RESULTS: Ovarian cancer survivors had increased risks for urinary system disorders (HR: 2.53, 95% CI: 2.12-3.01) and genital organ disorders (HR: 1.88, 95% CI: 1.57-2.27) between 1 and <5 years after cancer diagnosis compared to the general population cohort. Increased risks were observed for acute renal failure, chronic kidney disease, calculus of kidney, hydronephrosis, pelvic peritoneal adhesions, and pelvic organ inflammatory conditions. Increased risks of several of these diseases were observed 5+ years after cancer diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian cancer survivors experience increased risks of various genitourinary diseases compared to women in the general population in the long-term. Understanding the multimorbidity trajectory among ovarian cancer survivors is important to improve clinical care after cancer treatment is completed.


Assuntos
Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Sistema de Registros , Utah/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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