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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22297, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957389

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Growing teratoma syndrome is defined as an increase in tumor size during or after systemic chemotherapy for germ cell tumors. These cases involve normal tumor maker levels and histological features of only mature teratoma. We report a rare case of an ovarian immature teratoma in a Japanese child that was diagnosed as growing teratoma syndrome. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 12-year-old girl presented a painful abdominal mass. She underwent left salpingo-oophorectomy for grade 1 immature teratoma in the left ovary. She did not undergo additional chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Four months later, she presented with grade 3 immature teratoma disseminated into the abdomen and pelvis. Chemotherapy resulted in the tumor maker levels returning to their normal ranges, although the tumors had grown slightly. DIAGNOSIS: The specimens resected by laparotomy after the chemotherapy consisted of mature tissue predominantly, although primitive neuroepithelium was observed in a small part of the specimen. The pathological diagnosis was grade 1 immature teratoma, notwithstanding the clinical diagnosis was growing teratoma syndrome based on the clinical features and pathogenesis. INTERVENTIONS: Laparotomy was performed at 7 months after the first operation, with resection of various tumors as well as the rectum, sigmoid colon, residual left fallopian duct, and a small part of the ileum and omentum. Some small tumors at the parietal peritoneum were ablated, although many tiny tumors around the uterus were left untreated. OUTCOMES: The patient has been free from recurrence for 5 years. LESSONS: Growing teratoma syndrome can develop in children, and their tumor size is comparable to that in adolescents and adults. Furthermore, development of growing teratoma syndrome from a primary germ cell tumor is presumably faster in children than in adolescents and adults. Complete resection of all growing teratoma tissue is recommended, although fertility-sparing surgery should be considered when possible.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Salpingo-Ooforectomia/métodos , Teratoma/terapia , Bleomicina/uso terapêutico , Criança , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Gradação de Tumores , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Síndrome , Teratoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Teratoma/patologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22100, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899091

RESUMO

Intraperitoneal (IP) chemotherapy is believed to prolong the survival of patients with advanced ovarian cancer after primary debulking surgery. However, there is little knowledge about IP chemotherapy in the setting of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and there are contradictory conclusions about adjuvant IP chemotherapy. Here, we evaluated the feasibility of neoadjuvant and adjuvant IP chemotherapy in patients with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (AEOC).We retrospectively reviewed the data of 114 patients with AEOC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by laparoscopic conservative interval debulking surgery (NACT + LIDS) in our institution from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2017.The median overall survival (OS) was 56 months and the median disease-free interval (DFI) was 14 months for the entire study population. Neoadjuvant IP chemotherapy cycles were crucial for the treatment of no gross residual (R0) disease (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.446, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.245-0.811), which was independently associated with OS of the entire study population (HR = 9.589, 95% CI = 3.911-23.507). In addition, residual disease and body mass index (BMI) were the prognostic factors for DFI (HR = 6.022, 95% CI = 3.632-9.986; HR = 1.085, 95% CI = 1.012-1.163). However, adjuvant IP cycles along with BMI were the determining factors for DFI in the R0 group (HR = 0.703, 95% CI = 0.525-0.941; HR = 1.130, 95% CI = 1.025-1.247), and were associated with OS in the R0 group (HR = 0.488, 95% CI = 0.289-0.824). The OS and DFI Kaplan-Meier curves stratified by adjuvant IP chemothearpy cycles within the R0 group were statistically significant (P = .024 and P = .033, respectively).Our results showed improvement in patients with AEOC in terms of survival, thus suggesting the feasibility of neoadjuvant and adjuvant IP chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/patologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Parenterais , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(33): 19737-19745, 2020 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732430

RESUMO

Immunotherapy is emerging as one of the most effective methods for treating many cancers. However, immunotherapy can still introduce significant off-target toxicity, and methods are sought to enable targeted immunotherapy at tumor sites. Here, we show that relatively large (>100-nm) anionic nanoparticles administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) selectively accumulate in tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs). In a mouse model of metastatic ovarian cancer, fluorescently labeled silica, poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid), and polystyrene nanoparticles administered i.p. were all found to selectively accumulate in TAMs. Quantifying silica particle uptake indicated that >80% of the injected dose was in TAMs. Particles that were smaller than 100 nm or cationic or administered intravenously (i.v.) showed no TAM targeting. Moreover, this phenomenon is likely to occur in humans because when freshly excised human surgical samples were treated with the fluorescent silica nanoparticles no interaction with healthy tissue was seen but selective uptake by TAMs was seen in 13 different patient samples. Ovarian cancer is a deadly disease that afflicts ∼22,000 women per year in the United States, and the presence of immunosuppressive TAMs at tumors is correlated with decreased survival. The ability to selectively target TAMs opens the door to targeted immunotherapy for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Imunoterapia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Animais , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos Nus , Nanopartículas/química , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Poliestirenos/administração & dosagem , Poliestirenos/química
4.
Science ; 369(6506): 942-949, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820120

RESUMO

Gamma delta (γδ) T cells infiltrate most human tumors, but current immunotherapies fail to exploit their in situ major histocompatibility complex-independent tumoricidal potential. Activation of γδ T cells can be elicited by butyrophilin and butyrophilin-like molecules that are structurally similar to the immunosuppressive B7 family members, yet how they regulate and coordinate αß and γδ T cell responses remains unknown. Here, we report that the butyrophilin BTN3A1 inhibits tumor-reactive αß T cell receptor activation by preventing segregation of N-glycosylated CD45 from the immune synapse. Notably, CD277-specific antibodies elicit coordinated restoration of αß T cell effector activity and BTN2A1-dependent γδ lymphocyte cytotoxicity against BTN3A1+ cancer cells, abrogating malignant progression. Targeting BTN3A1 therefore orchestrates cooperative killing of established tumors by αß and γδ T cells and may present a treatment strategy for tumors resistant to existing immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Butirofilinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Butirofilinas/imunologia , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos CD/genética , Butirofilinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/imunologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
BMJ ; 370: m2614, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732303

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the performance of diagnostic prediction models for ovarian malignancy in all patients with an ovarian mass managed surgically or conservatively. DESIGN: Multicentre cohort study. SETTING: 36 oncology referral centres (tertiary centres with a specific gynaecological oncology unit) or other types of centre. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive adult patients presenting with an adnexal mass between January 2012 and March 2015 and managed by surgery or follow-up. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Overall and centre specific discrimination, calibration, and clinical utility of six prediction models for ovarian malignancy (risk of malignancy index (RMI), logistic regression model 2 (LR2), simple rules, simple rules risk model (SRRisk), assessment of different neoplasias in the adnexa (ADNEX) with or without CA125). ADNEX allows the risk of malignancy to be subdivided into risks of a borderline, stage I primary, stage II-IV primary, or secondary metastatic malignancy. The outcome was based on histology if patients underwent surgery, or on results of clinical and ultrasound follow-up at 12 (±2) months. Multiple imputation was used when outcome based on follow-up was uncertain. RESULTS: The primary analysis included 17 centres that met strict quality criteria for surgical and follow-up data (5717 of all 8519 patients). 812 patients (14%) had a mass that was already in follow-up at study recruitment, therefore 4905 patients were included in the statistical analysis. The outcome was benign in 3441 (70%) patients and malignant in 978 (20%). Uncertain outcomes (486, 10%) were most often explained by limited follow-up information. The overall area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was highest for ADNEX with CA125 (0.94, 95% confidence interval 0.92 to 0.96), ADNEX without CA125 (0.94, 0.91 to 0.95) and SRRisk (0.94, 0.91 to 0.95), and lowest for RMI (0.89, 0.85 to 0.92). Calibration varied among centres for all models, however the ADNEX models and SRRisk were the best calibrated. Calibration of the estimated risks for the tumour subtypes was good for ADNEX irrespective of whether or not CA125 was included as a predictor. Overall clinical utility (net benefit) was highest for the ADNEX models and SRRisk, and lowest for RMI. For patients who received at least one follow-up scan (n=1958), overall area under the receiver operating characteristic curve ranged from 0.76 (95% confidence interval 0.66 to 0.84) for RMI to 0.89 (0.81 to 0.94) for ADNEX with CA125. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found the ADNEX models and SRRisk are the best models to distinguish between benign and malignant masses in all patients presenting with an adnexal mass, including those managed conservatively. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01698632.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/patologia , Modelos Logísticos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Calibragem , Tratamento Conservador , Neoplasias das Tubas Uterinas/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Ovariectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3546, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669559

RESUMO

Advanced ovarian cancer usually spreads to the omentum. However, the omental cell-derived molecular determinants modulating its progression have not been thoroughly characterized. Here, we show that circulating ITLN1 has prognostic significance in patients with advanced ovarian cancer. Further studies demonstrate that ITLN1 suppresses lactotransferrin's effect on ovarian cancer cell invasion potential and proliferation by decreasing MMP1 expression and inducing a metabolic shift in metastatic ovarian cancer cells. Additionally, ovarian cancer-bearing mice treated with ITLN1 demonstrate marked decrease in tumor growth rates. These data suggest that downregulation of mesothelial cell-derived ITLN1 in the omental tumor microenvironment facilitates ovarian cancer progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/secundário , Citocinas/metabolismo , Lectinas/metabolismo , Omento/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Animais , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/sangue , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/mortalidade , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/transplante , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Citocinas/administração & dosagem , Citocinas/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/sangue , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Lactoferrina/metabolismo , Lectinas/administração & dosagem , Lectinas/sangue , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/sangue , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Ovário , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(7): e360-e368, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615119

RESUMO

The European Society of Gynaecological Oncology and the European Society for Paediatric Oncology jointly developed clinically relevant and evidence-based guidelines for the management of adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 25 years with non-epithelial ovarian cancers, including malignant ovarian germ cell tumours, sex cord-stromal tumours, and small cell carcinoma of the ovary of hypercalcaemic type. The developmental process of these guidelines is based on a systematic literature review and critical appraisal process involving an international multidisciplinary developmental group consisting of experts from relevant disciplines (paediatric oncology, paediatric surgery, medical oncology, pathology, psycho-oncology, gynaecological oncology, and reproductive endocrinology). Given the specific and often complex issues involved in treating this group of patients, fertility sparing surgery and decrease of acute and long-term toxicities from treatment were important criteria for guidelines definition. Prior to publication, the guidelines were reviewed by 54 independent international practitioners in cancer care delivery.


Assuntos
Oncologia/normas , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
9.
ESMO Open ; 5(Suppl 3)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718919

RESUMO

The rapid spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection and its related disease (COVID-19) has required an immediate and coordinate healthcare response to face the worldwide emergency and define strategies to maintain the continuum of care for the non-COVID-19 diseases while protecting patients and healthcare providers. The dimension of the COVID-19 pandemic poses an unprecedented risk especially for the more vulnerable populations. To manage patients with cancer adequately, maintaining the highest quality of care, a definition of value-based priorities is necessary to define which interventions can be safely postponed without affecting patients' outcome. The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) has endorsed a tiered approach across three different levels of priority (high, medium, low) incorporating information on the value-based prioritisation and clinical cogency of the interventions that can be applied for different disease sites. Patients with gynaecological cancer are at particular risk of COVID-19 complications because of their age and prevalence of comorbidities. The definition of priority level should be based on tumour stage and histology, cancer-related symptoms or complications, aim (curative vs palliative) and magnitude of benefit of the oncological intervention, patients' general condition and preferences. The decision-making process always needs to consider the disease-specific national and international guidelines and the local healthcare system and social resources, and a changing situation in relation to COVID-19 infection. These recommendations aim to provide guidance for the definition of deferrable and undeferrable interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic for ovarian, endometrial and cervical cancers within the context of the ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/terapia , Oncologia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Humanos , Oncologia/organização & administração , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sociedades Médicas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20806, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629665

RESUMO

RATIONALE: DICER1 syndrome is an autosomal-dominant tumor predisposition syndrome associated with numerous cancerous and noncancerous conditions. The most common sex cord-stromal tumor associated with DICER1 syndrome is Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary (SLCT), which is extremely unusual and accounts for < 0.5% of all ovarian neoplasms. SLCT predominantly affects adolescents and young female adults. To date, there are only a few case reports of ovarian SLCT with underlying germline DICER1 mutations. The diagnosis and treatment of this rare malignancy remains challenging in the clinic mainly due to its rarity and varied presentation. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 21-year-old Chinese girl (proband) was admitted in hospital for experiencing a lower abdominal pain and irregular vaginal bleeding for half a year. She was initially diagnosed with abdominal cavity mass prior to surgical operation. The other 20-year-old patient is the younger sister of the proband, who was diagnosed with ovarian cysts and had irregular menstruation and amenorrhea for 4 months. The elder sister underwent an uncomplicated bilateral ovarian tumor resection. Given a high degree of malignancy, comprehensive staged fertility-preserving surgery, including left adnexectomy, omentectomy, pelvic, and para-aortic lymphadenectomy, was performed. Since the other patient requested to maintain her fertility, tumor resection was only conducted in the right ovary. DIAGNOSES: The elder sister was diagnosed as poorly differentiated SLCT accompanied with heterologous stage IC rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) based on its typical pathology features and molecular characteristics from immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining. The younger sister was diagnosed as poorly differentiated SLCT. Targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) detected DICER1 mutation in the plasma samples and postoperative tumor tissues of both patients. INTERVENTIONS: Both patients underwent surgical tumor resection, followed by combination chemotherapy with bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin for 4 cycles. OUTCOMES: Patients received the above clinical interventions but eventually died from disease recurrence. The elder sister died from disease relapse after one and a half years postsurgery. The younger sister had a relapse of the disease 1 year later, but she refused the comprehensive staged surgery and died from disease relapse quickly. LESSONS: Ovarian SLCT patients with DICER1 mutations and a family history have a high degree of malignancy and are associated with a poor prognosis. With ongoing research efforts on DICER1 mutations, genetic screening and counselling on a regular basis is recommended for predicting potential future cancer risk of individuals with DICER1 syndrome family history.


Assuntos
RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ribonuclease III/genética , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/genética , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Tumor de Células de Sertoli-Leydig/terapia , Irmãos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(7): 3865-3872, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Ovarian cancer (OC) is typically diagnosed at an advanced stage with limitations for cure. Cytokine-induced killer (CIK) T cell therapy exerts significant cytotoxic effects against cancer cells and reduces the adverse effects of chemotherapy. Herein, we performed a flow cytometry-based method to evaluate the cytotoxicity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells-derived CIK cells against OC cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The CIK cells were induced and expanded using an interferon-γ/IL-2-based xeno-free medium system. The cytotoxicity of CIK cells or carboplatin against OC cells was examined. RESULTS: The CIK cells showed an NK-like phenotypic characteristic and dose-dependently increased cytotoxicity against OC cells. We found that the number of advanced OC cells, which were more resistant to carboplatin, was dramatically decreased by an additional one-shot CIK treatment. CONCLUSION: CIK cells have a potent cytotoxic ability that would be explored as an alternative strategy for cancer treatment in the near future.


Assuntos
Carboplatina/farmacologia , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/imunologia , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/transplante , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Terapia Combinada , Células Matadoras Induzidas por Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta Imunológica , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon gama/imunologia , Interferon gama/farmacologia , Interleucina-1alfa/imunologia , Interleucina-1alfa/farmacologia , Interleucina-2/imunologia , Interleucina-2/farmacologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(12): 1479-1492, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486865

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite, the strong rationale and evidence of the benefit of postoperative intraperitoneal chemotherapy in advanced ovarian cancer, it has not been widely adopted, mainly due to its high morbidity and logistical difficulties. Intraoperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a more tolerable and technically feasible method of intraperitoneal chemotherapy, whereas other potential advantages include homogenous drug distribution, application before tumor regrowth and combination with hyperthermia, which is directly cytotoxic and enhances the efficacy of many drugs. AREAS COVERED: In this review, the authors explain the rationale and indications for cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and HIPEC in advanced ovarian cancer. Data of major clinical studies, meta-analyses, and recent randomized trials are discussed. EXPERT OPINION: After many encouraging clinical studies and meta-analyses, a recent randomized study demonstrated survival benefit for HIPEC during interval CRS in primary ovarian cancer, without increased morbidity, whereas another implied its benefit in recurrent ovarian cancer. Results of recently completed and numerous ongoing randomized studies will further determine the benefit of HIPEC in ovarian cancer at different time points. Patient selection and appraisal of the best protocols are crucial. The field of gynecological oncology will most likely evolve to include HIPEC eventually as a routine treatment for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
13.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 47(2): 72-74, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-193714

RESUMO

Los síndromes neurológicos paraneoplásicos son un conjunto de trastornos, raramente asociados a tumores ginecológicos. Su presencia debe alertarnos sobre la posible existencia de un tumor maligno subyacente. Presentamos un caso de miastenia gravis, como manifestación paraneoplásica de un cáncer de ovario primario avanzado


Paraneoplastic neurological syndromes are an unusual diseases rarely associated with gynaecological tumours. Their presence must alert on the possible existence of an underlying malignant tumour. A rare case is presented of myasthenia gravis as a paraneoplastic manifestation of an advanced primary ovarian cancer


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Miastenia Gravis/etiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Polineuropatia Paraneoplásica , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha/complicações , Transtornos de Deglutição/complicações , Neurofisiologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Histeroscopia
14.
Scand J Immunol ; 92(4): e12917, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557659

RESUMO

Ovarian Cancer (OC) is currently difficult to cure, mainly due to its late detection and the advanced state of the disease at the time of diagnosis. Therefore, conventional treatments such as debulking surgery and combination chemotherapy are rarely able to control progression of the tumour, and relapses are frequent. Alternative therapies are currently being evaluated, including immunotherapy and advanced T cell-based therapy. In the present review, we will focus on a description of those Chimeric Antigen Receptors (CARs) that have been validated in the laboratory or are being tested in the clinic. Numerous target antigens have been defined due to the identification of OC biomarkers, and many are being used as CAR targets. We provide an exhaustive list of these constructs and their current status. Despite being innovative and efficient, the OC-specific CARs face a barrier to their clinical efficacy: the tumour microenvironment (TME). Indeed, effector cells expressing CARs have been shown to be severely inhibited, rendering the CAR T cells useless once at the tumour site. Herein, we give a thorough description of the highly immunosuppressive OC TME and present recent studies and innovations that have enabled CAR T cells to counteract this negative environment and to destroy tumours.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/imunologia , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/uso terapêutico , Evasão Tumoral/imunologia
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20472, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481455

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: True hermaphroditism is a rare and usually sporadic disorder. It is defined by the presence of both ovarian and testicular tissues together as ovotestis. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this study, we reported a rare true hermaphroditism case with dysgerminoma. A 49-year-old woman developed masses in both inguinal regions for 30 years. Recently 3 months, the patient found that the size of mass in her left inguinal region was significantly increased. DIAGNOSIS: After surgical resection, the results of immunohistochemical examination in left mass revealed a dysgerminoma with positive expression of placental alkaline phosphatase and octamer-binding transcription factor 3/4, and right mass was a cryptorchidism. Chromosomal analysis revealed the karyotype 46, XY. Combined immunohistochemical and karyotype analysis, a diagnosis of true hermaphroditism with dysgerminoma was made. INTERVENTIONS: Radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy after tumor resection was used to improve her prognosis. Hormone replacement therapy with conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone acetate were used to maintain her female characteristics. OUTCOMES: The patient underwent hormonal replacement and has been well for 6 months. CONCLUSION: The positive expression of placental alkaline phosphatase and octamer-binding transcription factor 3/4 could be 2 diagnosis markers of dysgerminoma. Surgery combined with radiotherapy and chemotherapy could improve the prognosis of dysgerminoma. Moreover, hormone replacement therapy with conjugated estrogen and medroxyprogesterone acetate was very helpful to maintain the female characteristic of patients with true hermaphroditism.


Assuntos
Disgerminoma/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Transtornos Ovotesticulares do Desenvolvimento Sexual/complicações , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Disgerminoma/diagnóstico , Disgerminoma/patologia , Disgerminoma/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Transtornos Ovotesticulares do Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos Ovotesticulares do Desenvolvimento Sexual/patologia , Transtornos Ovotesticulares do Desenvolvimento Sexual/terapia
17.
Tumour Biol ; 42(5): 1010428320919198, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364828

RESUMO

Detection of circulating tumor DNA is a new noninvasive technique with potential roles in diagnostic, follow-up, and prognostic evaluation of patients with many types of solid tumors. We aimed to evaluate the role of circulating tumor DNA in the setting of metastatic ovarian carcinoma. A prospective cohort of patients with metastatic ovarian cancer who were referred to systemic therapy was enrolled. Blood samples were collected before the start of treatment and monthly thereafter for 6 months. Circulating tumor DNA was quantified by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of different lengths of Arthrobacter luteus elements as described by Umetani et al. A total of 11 patients were included, 2 for primary disease and 9 for recurrent disease. After the first cycle of chemotherapy, patients whose circulating tumor DNA levels increased from baseline were more likely to respond to chemotherapy than those whose circulating tumor DNA levels did not increase (p = 0.035). Furthermore, patients whose circulating tumor DNA levels rose after the first cycle of chemotherapy also had improved disease-free survival compared to those whose circulating tumor DNA levels did not increase (p = 0.0074). We conclude that the increase in circulating tumor DNA values collected in peripheral blood after the first cycle of systemic treatment in patients with advanced ovarian cancer is associated with an early response to systemic treatment and correlates with superior disease-free survival in this population. Circulating tumor DNA might be a specific, noninvasive, and cost-effective new biomarker of early response to systemic treatment in these patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , DNA Tumoral Circulante , Neoplasias Ovarianas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Idoso , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 47(4): 676-678, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389981

RESUMO

A 70-year-old woman underwent treatment for cecal cancer(pT4bN1M0, Stage Ⅲb)in 2010. Four years and 2 months after the first surgery, she underwent ileum resection for stenosis due to perineal dissemination(P3). Two years after this recurrence, during which time she had completed 26 courses of FOLFIRI plus bevacizumab(Bmab), 9 courses of capecitabine plus oxaliplatin(CapeOX)plus Bmab, and 3 courses of Cape, no peritoneal dissemination was detected by computed tomography( CT). Thereafter, an additional 19 courses of Cape plus Bmab were introduced, but CEA continued to increase. Right ovarian metastasis was suspected based on CT and FDG-PET/CT examination. Four years and 1 month after the initial recurrence of perineal dissemination, the patient underwent bilateral ovarian resection, during which the lack of peritoneal dissemination was confirmed. Pathologically, right ovarian metastasis was diagnosed. The patient is still alive 4 years and 6 months after the first operation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias do Colo/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/secundário , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons
19.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(5): 669-671, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378670

RESUMO

Among breast cancer cases, 5-10% are thought to have germline mutations in genes associated with onset. Among these, hereditary breast cancer-ovarian cancer syndrome, which develops from breast cancer susceptibility (BRCA) gene mutation, has become widely known. Since 2018, olaparib has been clinically available for patients with inoperable or recurrent breast cancer. However, to use this medicine, BRCA gene mutation must be confirmed. Our hospital has prepared a BRCA genetic testing procedure, counseling system, and environment for the safe use of olaparib for BRCA genetic mutation positive patients. Until patients get the results of the BRCA gene examination, the attending physician and certified in breast cancer nurse care for the patient. If a positive result is obtained, we have established cooperation with a neighboring hospital, since our hospital cannot provide the genetic counseling. The main role of pharmacists is to develop a description system, as with other therapeutic agents, and to develop measures to help with supportive care for side effects. Also important is the development of a system to provide information to community pharmacies. At this symposium, we will report on how we developed our treatment strategy for patients with hereditary breast cancer syndrome, and the integrated role of pharmacists at Hamamatsu Medical Center.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Testes Genéticos , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Assistência ao Paciente , Ftalazinas/uso terapêutico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Feminino , Aconselhamento Genético , Humanos , Japão , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Farmacêuticos , Papel Profissional , Síndrome
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