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1.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 6058720, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912155

RESUMO

Lung cancer has a higher incidence and mortality rate than other cancers, and over 80% of lung cancer cases were classified as non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). TRIM66 is one of the crucial members of TRIM, which has a deep connection with the behavior of various malignant tumors. But it remains uncertain regarding its exact function and underlying mechanism in NSCLC. In our study, qRT-PCR and Western blot were employed to validate that TRIM66 was overexpressed in NSCLC. The migration, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transformation (EMT) progression of NSCLC cells were determined by Western blotting and Transwell experiments after knocking down TRIM66, and it was found that knockdown TRIM66 inhibited the migration, invasion, and EMT processes of NSCLC cells. Next, the binding relationship between TRIM66 and MMP9 was verified by Co-IP assay. After determining the interaction between them, rescue assays showed that overexpression of MMP9 was capable to promote the migration, invasion, and EMT of NSCLC cells. However, the transfection of si-TRIM66 could reverse this facilitating effectiveness. To sum up, we concluded that by targeting MMP9, TRIM66 could exert a cancer-promoting role in the progression of NSCLC cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11462, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794136

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most malignant form of cancer and has the highest morbidity and mortality worldwide. Due to drug resistance, the current chemotherapy for lung cancer is not effective and has poor therapeutic effects. Tripchlorolide (T4), a natural extract from the plant Tripterygium wilfordii, has powerful immunosuppressive and antitumour effects and may become a potential therapeutic agent for lung cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the effect of T4 on reducing chemoresistance in lung cancer cells and to explore the mechanism. 1. A549 and A549/DDP cells were separately transfected with AEG-1 overexpression and AEG-1 knockdown plasmids. A549/DDP cells were divided into the A549/DDP empty group, T4 group, and T4 + AEG-1 overexpression group. A CCK-8 assay was used to evaluate the proliferation of cells in each group. RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of AEG-1 and MDR-1. Expression of AEG-1 in A549 and A549/DDP cells was positively correlated with cisplatin resistance. When the AEG-1 protein was overexpressed in A549 cells, the lethal effect of cisplatin on A549 cells was attenuated (all P < 0.05). After the AEG-1 protein was knocked down in A549/DDP cells, cisplatin was applied. The lethal effect was significantly increased compared to that in the corresponding control cells (all P < 0.05). AEG-1 protein expression gradually decreased with increasing T4 concentration in A549 and A549/DDP cells. Resistance to cisplatin was reduced after the addition of T4 to A549/DDP cells (P < 0.05), and this effect was enhanced after transfection with the AEG-1 knockdown plasmid. T4 plays an important role in increasing the sensitivity of lung cancer cells to cisplatin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Proteínas de Membrana , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Diterpenos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Membrana/biossíntese , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Fenantrenos , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/biossíntese , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
3.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 2813142, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799655

RESUMO

Chemotherapy is a commonly used strategy for advanced lung cancer patients. However, its clinical application is restrained due to its toxicity and drug resistance. Ginsenoside Rg3 (Rg3) has a strong anticancer influence on colon cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, and other malignant tumors. However, it is still unclear whether Rg3 can cooperate with 5-FU to inhibit the tumor growth and angiogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). This study examined the combined treatment of Rg3 and 5-FU in LUAD. It was revealed that the combined treatment could notably enhance the suppression on proliferative, invasive, and migratory abilities and angiogenesis in LUAD cells A549 and SPC-A-1. On the other hand, we also discovered that Rg3 or 5-FU could suppress the activity of the NF-κB signaling pathway and downregulate VEGFA expression in LUAD cells. Collectively, this study suggested that Rg3 combined chemotherapy may perform a more powerful drug efficiency in LUAD cells.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Ginsenosídeos , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Ginsenosídeos/farmacologia , Ginsenosídeos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo
4.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 3811, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778404

RESUMO

Although IL-9 has potent anti-tumor activity in adoptive cell transfer therapy, some models suggest that it can promote tumor growth. Here, we show that IL-9 signaling is associated with poor outcomes in patients with various forms of lung cancer, and is required for lung tumor growth in multiple mouse models. CD4+ T cell-derived IL-9 promotes the expansion of both CD11c+ and CD11c- interstitial macrophage populations in lung tumor models. Mechanistically, the IL-9/macrophage axis requires arginase 1 (Arg1) to mediate tumor growth. Indeed, adoptive transfer of Arg1+ but not Arg1- lung macrophages to Il9r-/- mice promotes tumor growth. Moreover, targeting IL-9 signaling using macrophage-specific nanoparticles restricts lung tumor growth in mice. Lastly, elevated expression of IL-9R and Arg1 in tumor lesions is associated with poor prognosis in lung cancer patients. Thus, our study suggests the IL-9/macrophage/Arg1 axis is a potential therapeutic target for lung cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Interleucina-9 , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Macrófagos , Animais , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Interleucina-9/genética , Interleucina-9/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Camundongos
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 11208, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35778432

RESUMO

Interleukin 7 (IL-7) has been demonstrated regulating lymphangiogenesis, apoptosis, and proliferation. Whether IL-7 induce or inhibit autophagy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are unknown. In this study, Western blot was used to detect cytoplasmic and nuclear protein of p53, total protein of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and Light chain 3 (LC3). Quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect p53 mRNA level after treated with IL-7. Then using transmission electron microscopy to observe the morphological change of autophagosome. 123 cases of NSCLC were collected for survival analysis, immunohistochemistry staining and cox regression multivariate analysis. We find that IL-7 induce the p53 translocation from nucleus to cytoplasm, then IL-7 down-regulate phosphorylation of AMPK and up-regulate phosphorylation of mTOR. The expression of AMPK and p53 were associated with IL-7/IL-7R and mTOR expression. Clinically, AMPK and p53 were well correlated with stage and survival of lung cancer patients. IL-7R, mTOR and tumor stage were the strongest predictors of survival. In conclusion, IL-7 inhibit autophagy in NSCLC via P53 regulated AMPK/mTOR signaling pathway. AMPK and p53 are correlated with patients' survival. IL-7R, mTOR and tumor stage are the strongest predictor of survival.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Interleucina-7 , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Humanos , Interleucina-7/metabolismo , Interleucina-7/farmacologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo
6.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 3887857, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35836921

RESUMO

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a major cause for global cancer-related deaths. Research reports demonstrate that lymph node metastasis (LNM) is pertinent to the survival rate of LUAD patients, and crux lies in the lack of biomarkers that could distinguish patients with LNM. We aimed to verify the LNM-related prognostic biomarkers in LUAD. Methods: We firstly accessed the expression data of mRNA from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and then obtained samples with LNM (N+) and without LNM (N-). Differential expression analysis was conducted to acquire differentially expressed genes (DEGs). Univariate-LASSO-multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed on DEGs to build a risk model and obtain optimal genes. Afterwards, effectiveness and independence of risk model were assessed based on TCGA-LUAD and GSE31210 datasets. Moreover, a nomogram was established combining clinical factors and riskscores. Nomogram performance was measured by calibration curves. The infiltration abundance of immune cells was scored with CIBERSORT to explore the differences between high- and low-risk groups. Lastly, gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to investigate differences in immune features between the two risk groups. Results: Nine optimal feature genes closely related to LNM in LUAD were identified to construct a risk model. Prognostic ability of the risk model was verified in independent databases. Patients were classified into high- and low-risk groups in accordance with their median riskscores. CIBERSORT score displayed differences in immune cell infiltration like T cells CD4 memory resting between high/low-risk groups. LNM-related genes may also be closely relevant to immune features. Additionally, GSEA indicated that differential genes in the two risk groups were enriched in genes related to immune cells. Conclusion: This research built a risk model including nine optimal feature genes, which may be potential biomarkers for LUAD.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metástase Linfática/genética , Prognóstico
7.
Cells ; 11(13)2022 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805163

RESUMO

Integrin ß3 plays a key role in the resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKI), but the development of integrin ß3 inhibitors has been stalled due to the failure of phase III clinical trials for cancer treatment. Therefore, it is imperative to find a potentially effective solution to the problem of acquired resistance to EGFR-TKI for patients with integrin-ß3 positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) by exploring novel downstream targets and action mechanisms of integrin ß3. In the present study, we observed that the expression of integrin ß3 and AXL was significantly upregulated in erlotinib-resistant NSCLC cell lines, which was further confirmed clinically in tumor specimens from patients with NSCLC who developed acquired resistance to erlotinib. Through ectopic expression or knockdown, we found that AXL expression was positively regulated by integrin ß3. In addition, integrin ß3 promoted erlotinib resistance in NSCLC cells by upregulating AXL expression. Furthermore, the YAP pathway, rather than pathways associated with ERK or AKT, was involved in the regulation of AXL by integrin ß3. To investigate the clinical significance of this finding, the current well-known AXL inhibitor R428 was tested, demonstrating that R428 significantly inhibited resistance to erlotinib, colony formation, epithelial-mesenchymal transformation and cell migration induced by integrin ß3. In conclusion, integrin ß3 could promote resistance to EGFR-TKI in NSCLC by upregulating the expression of AXL through the YAP pathway. Patients with advanced NSCLC, who are positive for integrin ß3, might benefit from a combination of AXL inhibitors and EGFR-TKI therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/farmacologia , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Integrina beta3/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
8.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806134

RESUMO

Pro-inflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), induce the expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by activating the nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. In the present study, we found that cucurbitacin B decreased the expression of ICAM-1 in human lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells stimulated with TNF-α or interleukin-1α. We further investigated the mechanisms by which cucurbitacin B down-regulates TNF-α-induced ICAM-1 expression. Cucurbitacin B inhibited the nuclear translocation of the NF-κB subunit RelA and the phosphorylation of IκBα in A549 cells stimulated with TNF-α. Cucurbitacin B selectively down-regulated the expression of TNF receptor 1 (TNF-R1) without affecting three adaptor proteins (i.e., TRADD, RIPK1, and TRAF2). The TNF-α-converting enzyme inhibitor suppressed the down-regulation of TNF-R1 expression by cucurbitacin B. Glutathione, N-acetyl-L-cysteine, and, to a lesser extent, L-cysteine attenuated the inhibitory effects of cucurbitacin B on the TNF-α-induced expression of ICAM-1, suggesting that an α,ß-unsaturated carbonyl moiety is essential for anti-inflammatory activity. The present results revealed that cucurbitacin B down-regulated the expression of TNF-R1 at the initial step in the TNF-α-dependent NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células A549 , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Receptores Tipo I de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Triterpenos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
9.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806135

RESUMO

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are resistant to conventional therapy and present a major clinical challenge since they are responsible for the relapse of many cancers, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Hence, future successful therapy should also eradicate CSCs. Auger electrons have demonstrated promising therapeutic potential and can induce DNA damage while sparing surrounding cells. Here, we sort primary patient-derived NSCLC cells based on their expression of the CSC-marker CD44 and investigate the effects of cisplatin and a thymidine analog (deoxyuridine) labeled with an Auger electron emitter (125I). We show that the CD44+ populations are more resistant to cisplatin than the CD44- populations. Interestingly, incubation with the thymidine analog 5-[125I]iodo-2'-deoxyuridine ([125I]I-UdR) induces equal DNA damage, G2/M cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis in the CD44- and CD44+ populations. Our results suggest that Auger electron emitters can also eradicate resistant lung cancer CD44+ populations.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Desoxiuridina , Elétrons , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Timidina/farmacologia
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(9): 3845-3858, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35813484

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. Despite developments in therapeutic approaches for the past few decades, the 5-year survival rate of patients with NSCLC remains low. NSCLC tumor is a complex, heterogeneous microenvironment, comprising blood vessels, cancer cells, immune cells, and stroma cells. Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are a major mediator to induce tumor microvasculature and are associated with the progression, recurrence, and metastasis of NSCLC. Current treatment medicines targeting VEGF/VEGF receptor (VEGFR) pathway, including neutralizing antibodies to VEGF or VEGFR and receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, have shown good treatment efficacy in patients with NSCLC. VEGF is not only an important angiogenic factor but also an immunomodulator of tumor microenvironment (TME). VEGFs can suppress antigen presentation, stimulate activity of regulatory T (Treg) cells, and tumor-associated macrophages, which in turn promote an immune suppressive microenvironment in NSCLC. The present review focuses on the angiogenic and non-angiogenic functions of VEGF in NSCLC, especially the interaction between VEGF and the cellular components of the TME. Additionally, we discuss recent preclinical and clinical studies to explore VEGF/VEGFR-targeted compounds and immunotherapy as novel approaches targeting the TME for the treatment of NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Humanos , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Microambiente Tumoral , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico
11.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 190, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35840978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a DNA surveillance mechanism, cell cycle checkpoint has recently been discovered to be closely associated with lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) prognosis. It is also an essential link in the process of DNA damage repair (DDR) that confers resistance to radiotherapy. Whether genes that have both functions play a more crucial role in LUAD prognosis remains unclear. METHODS: In this study, DDR-related genes with cell cycle checkpoint function (DCGs) were selected to investigate their effects on the prognosis of LUAD. The TCGA-LUAD cohort and two GEO external validation cohorts (GSE31210 and GSE42171) were performed to construct a prognosis model based on the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression. Patients were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups based on the model. Subsequently, the multivariate COX regression was used to construct a prognostic nomogram. The ssGSEA, CIBERSORT algorithm, TIMER tool, CMap database, and IC50 of chemotherapeutic agents were used to analyze immune activity and responsiveness to chemoradiotherapy. RESULTS: 4 DCGs were selected as prognostic signatures, and patients in the high-risk group had a lower overall survival (OS). The lower infiltration levels of immune cells and the higher expression levels of immune checkpoints appeared in the high-risk group. The damage repair pathways were upregulated, and chemotherapeutic agent sensitivity was poor in the high-risk group. CONCLUSIONS: The 4-DCGs signature prognosis model we constructed could predict the survival rate, immune activity, and chemoradiotherapy responsiveness of LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular , Quimiorradioterapia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Prognóstico
12.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 3918926, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844446

RESUMO

Objective: To screen CXC chemokines related to the risk of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) using bioinformatics and construct a CXC-based prognostic risk model to improve the diagnosis and treatment of LUAD patients. Methods: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database were searched to obtain mRNA expression data and clinicopathological information of LUAD patients. CXC genes differentially expressed in LUAD were screened using the R packages. Further, risk factors significantly associated with the survival of LUAD patients were obtained by the univariate Cox proportional hazard regression, LASSO regression, and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis, following which a risk prediction model was constructed. The performance of the CXCL13-based model in predicting the prognosis of low-risk and high-risk effect LUAD patients was verified, and the association between the model and the degree of tumor immune cell infiltration was investigated. Results: CXCL13 was significantly highly expressed in the cancer tissues of LUAD patients. The risk of death in patients with highly expressed CXCL13 was about 1.5 times higher than in those with lowly expressed CXCL13 (HR = 1.5153357). CXCL13-based risk scoring showed that the high-risk score of LUAD patients was significantly correlated with poor prognosis, but no relation between the two was found in the GEO validation sets, suggesting that this risk model may not be accurate enough. In addition, activated B cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and dendritic cells were significantly positively correlated with the high risk of LUAD. Conclusions: Although we found that a high expression of CXCL13 was associated with a high risk of death and immune cell infiltration and activation in LUAD patients, the CXCL13-based risk model was not accurate enough for predicting the prognosis of LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Quimiocinas CXC/genética , Quimiocinas CXC/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Prognóstico
13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 10(7)2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35868661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The expression of SYK in cancer cells has been associated with both tumor promoting and tumor suppressive effects. Despite being proposed as anticancer therapeutic target, the possible role of SYK in modulating local adaptive antitumor immune responses remains uncertain. Using detailed analysis of primary human tumors and in vitro models, we reveal the immunomodulatory effect of SYK protein in human solid cancer. METHODS: We spatially mapped SYK kinase in tumor cells, stromal cells and tumor-infiltrating leukocytes (TILs) in 808 primary non-small cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) from two cohorts and in 374 breast carcinomas (BCs) from two independent cohorts. We established the associations of localized SYK with clinicopathologic variables and outcomes. The immunomodulatory role of SYK on tumor cells was assessed using in vitro cytokine stimulation, transcriptomic analysis and selective SYK blockade using a small molecule inhibitor. Functional responses were assessed using cocultures of tumor cells with peripheral blood lymphocytes. T cell responses in baseline and post-treatment biopsies from patients with BC treated with a SYK inhibitor in a phase I clinical trial were also studied. RESULTS: Elevated tumor cell or leukocyte SYK expression was associated with high CD4+ and CD8+ TILs and better outcome in both NSCLC and BC. Tumor cell SYK was associated with oncogenic driver mutations in EGFR or KRAS in lung adenocarcinomas and with triple negative phenotype in BC. In cultured tumor cells, SYK was upregulated by TNFα and required for the TNFα-induced proinflammatory responses and T cell activation. SYK blockade after nivolumab in a phase I clinical trial including three patients with advanced triple negative BC reduced TILs and T cell proliferation. Our work establishes the proinflammatory function of tumor cell SYK in lung and breast cancer. SYK signaling in cultured tumor cells is required for T cell activation and SYK blockade limits adaptive antitumor immune responses and tumor rejection in patients with cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Together, our results establish the immunomodulatory role of SYK expression in human solid tumors. This information could be used to develop novel biomarkers and/or therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Quinase Syk/genética , Quinase Syk/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
14.
Eur J Histochem ; 66(3)2022 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785916

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicines are gaining more attention as promising adjuvant agents for conventional chemotherapy. Recent studies have shown that lobetyolin (LBT) is one of the main bioactive compounds of traditional Chinese medicines and it exhibits anticancer activity in several types of cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which LBT inhibits lung cancer. A549 human lung cancer cells were treated with LBT. In addition, A549 cells were injected into Balc/b nude mice to establish model of lung cancer. The mice were treated with cisplatin (DDP) or LBT alone or in combination, and tumor growth was monitored. Protein levels of E-cadherin, vimentin and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) were detected. We found that the combination of LBT and DDP showed stronger effect to inhibit the proliferation of A549 cells compared to LBT or DDP treatment alone. Wound healing assay showed that the ratio of wound healing was significantly lower in LBT group and DDP group and was the lowest in LBT+DDP group. Transwell invasion assay showed that the invasion ability of A549 cells was the weakest in LBT+DDP group. Protein levels of E-cadherin were the highest while those of vimentin and MMP9 were the lowest in A549 cells treated with LBT+DDP. Nude mouse xenograft tumor model showed that the combination of LBT with DDP had the highest efficacy to inhibit the growth of lung cancer, and tumor tissues of mice treated with LBT+DDP had the lowest expression of vimentin and MMP9 and the highest expression of E-cadherin. In conclusion, LBT significantly enhances the efficacy of chemotherapy on lung cancer, and the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of epithelial-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Animais , Caderinas , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Poli-Inos , Vimentina
15.
Cell Death Dis ; 13(7): 599, 2022 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35821021

RESUMO

The emerging roles of extracellular vesicles (EVs) in bladder cancer have recently been identified. This study aims to elucidate the role of microRNA-139-5p (miR-139-5p) shuttled by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs)-derived EVs (BMSCs-EVs) in bladder cancer, with the possible mechanism explored. Expression of miR-139-5p and KIF3A was tested, followed by an analysis of their correlation. EVs were isolated from BMSCs and co-cultured with T24 or BOY-12E cells with miR-139-5p mimic/inhibitor, oe-KIF3A, and/or si-p21 transfected to study the roles of miR-139-5p/KIF3A/p21 in bladder cancer cell functions. A nude mouse model of subcutaneous xenograft tumor was constructed to detect the effect of miR-139-5p in BMSCs-EVs on the tumorigenesis and lung metastasis of bladder cancer cells in vivo. It was identified that miR-139-5p was highly expressed in BMSCs-EVs, but poorly expressed in bladder cancer. BMSCs-EVs transferred miR-139-5p into bladder cancer cells where miR-139-5p inhibited the malignant features of bladder cancer cells in vitro. miR-139-5p in BMSCs-EVs targeted KIF3A and inhibited the expression of KIF3A, thereby activating p21. miR-139-5p in BMSCs-EVs arrested the tumorigenesis and lung metastasis of bladder cancer cells in vivo by modulation of the KIF3A/p21 axis. Altogether, BMSCs-EVs carried miR-139-5p targeted KIF3A to activate p21, thus delaying the occurrence of bladder cancer.


Assuntos
Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21 , Vesículas Extracelulares , Cinesinas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Animais , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/genética , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Humanos , Cinesinas/genética , Cinesinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
16.
Pol J Pathol ; 73(1): 1-5, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848474

RESUMO

We investigated the expression of claudin 6 in non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLC) by immunohistochemistry. Samples of 164 patients with NSCLC were studied by immunohistochemistry. Claudin 6 was expressed in 42 % of cases. Its expression was significantly more frequent in adeno- than in squamous cell carcinoma (p = 0.002). There was no association between the TNM status and claudin 6 expression. Claudin 6 associated with a poor prognosis of the patients and with a short recurrence-free interval (p = 0.002, p < 0.001). The association with survival had independent prognostic value (p = 0.011). The results show that claudin 6 can be regarded as a marker of poor prognosis in lung cancer. This is different to some other cancers, such as breast and cervical carcinoma suggesting that claudin 6 probably induces other cellular pathways in neoplastic lung cells than in those tumors. In lung cancer, adenocarcinomas were most abundantly positive indicating a higher linkage of claudin 6 to glandular differentiation.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Claudinas , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Prognóstico
17.
Pol J Pathol ; 73(1): 6-13, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35848475

RESUMO

Tumor cells stimulate local angiogenesis, resulting in their further multiplication and spread. Angiogenesis is a multifaceted process in which angiopoietins parti- cipate. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) through its receptor Tie2 stimulates endothelial cell survival and the maintenance of the endothelial barrier. These phenomena can support tumour growth by promoting angiogenesis. On the other hand, overproduction of Ang-1 triggers endothelium stability and can lead to angiogenesis inhibition. Because of the ambiguous role of Ang-1, we decided to determine its clinical significance in patients with resectable NSCLC. In a group of 47 patients, tumours and the adjacent non-cancerous tissues were assessed for ANG-1 mRNA expression (using Q-RT-PCR analysis) and Ang-1 concentration (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) together with clinical parameters and the five-year survival rate. ANG-1 expression and Ang-1 concentration were higher in tumour-free tissue, showing no differences between histological types of NSCLC, clinical stage or grading and seemed not to determine the five-year survival. ANG-1 expression and Ang-1 concentration in tumour and tumour-free tissues in patients with NSCLC seem not to be useful as factors supporting either diagnostics or prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Angiopoietina-1/genética , Angiopoietina-2/genética , Angiopoietina-2/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neovascularização Patológica , Prognóstico , Receptor TIE-2/genética , Receptor TIE-2/metabolismo
18.
Front Immunol ; 13: 923533, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35860262

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a primary cause of cancer-related death around the world and has a poor outcome and high incidence. Treatment options are, however, restricted. One of the most critical factors in cancer and metastasis is the N6-methyladenine (m6A) alteration on RNA. This modification could alter gene expression and even function at numerous levels, such as the stability, translocation and translation of RNA splicing. This study aimed to construct an m6A-related genes signature to accurately predict the prognosis of LUAD patients. From TCGA datasets, the LUAD patient data and m6A-related genes were retrieved. LUAD patients' mutational features and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were investigated. An univariate and LASSO model with m6A-related genes were constructed for the prediction of outcomes in LUAD. It was possible to develop a prognostic nomogram that could quantitatively predict LUAD patients' overall survival chances at 1, 3, and 5 years. Research into biological processes and cell pathways was carried out using GSEA. This study found six m6A-related DEGs in LUAD patients, and three of these DEGs(HNRNPC, IGFBP3 and IGF2BP1) were linked to the clinical outcomes of LUAD patients. We found that the overall survival rate for all LUAD patients with high-risk subgroup was considerably lower. According to ROC curves, the prognostic signature demonstrated a high degree of accuracy in predicting future outcomes. In addition, we created a novel nomogram achieved great accuracy with this one as well. The researchers also found that the novel signature might favorably modulate the immune response, and high-risk scores samples were more susceptible to numerous chemotherapeutic medicines. Overall, we developed a m6A-related gene prognostic signature that effectively predicted outcomes of LUAD patients and gave an immunological perspective for creating customized therapeutics.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(10): 4151-4170, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844795

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) causes severe cancer death worldwide. E2F2 is a canonical transcription factor implicated in transcription regulation, cell cycle and tumorigenesis. The role of E2F2 as well as its transcription regulatory network in LUAD remains obscure. In this study, we constructed a weighted gene co-expression network and identified several key modules and networks overrepresented in LUAD, including the E2F2-centered transcription regulatory network. Function analysis revealed that E2F2 overexpression accelerated cell growth, cell cycle progression and cell motility in LUAD cells whereas E2F2 knockdown inhibited these malignant phenotypes. Mechanistic investigations uncovered various E2F2-regulated downstream genes and oncogenic signaling pathways. Notably, three core transcription factors of E2F2, B-Myb and FOXM1 from the LUAD transcription regulatory network exhibited positive expression correlation, associated with each other, mutually transactivated each other, and regulated similar downstream gene cascades, hence constituting a consolidated core transcription regulatory circuitry. Moreover, E2F2 could promote and was essentially required for LUAD growth in orthotopic mouse models. Prognosis modeling revealed that a two-gene signature of E2F2 and PLK1 from the transcription regulatory circuitry remarkably stratified patients into low- and high-risk groups. Collectively, our results clarified the critical roles of E2F2 and the exquisite core transcription regulatory circuitry of E2F2/B-Myb/FOXM1 in LUAD progression.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adenocarcinoma , Fator de Transcrição E2F2/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
20.
Int J Biol Sci ; 18(10): 3944-3960, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35844799

RESUMO

Our understanding of coding gene functions in lung cancer leads to the development of multiple generations of targeted drugs. Noncoding RNAs, including circular RNAs (circRNAs), have been demonstrated to play a vital role in tumorigenesis. Uncovering the functions of circRNAs in tumorigenesis and their underlying regulatory mechanisms may shed new light on the development of novel diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for human cancer. Here we report the important role of circFAT1 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) progression and the potential impact of circFAT1 on LUAD treatment. We found that circFAT1 was one of the top expressed circRNAs in A549 cells by circRNA-seq and was significantly upregulated in human LUAD tissues. Multiple cellular assays with A549 and PC9 LAUD cell lines under both gain-of-function and loss-of-function conditions demonstrated that circFAT1 promoted proliferation of LUAD cells in vitro and in vivo. At molecular level, circFAT1 sequestered miR-7 to upregulate IRS2, which in turn regulated downstream ERK1/2 phosphorylation and CCND1 expression, ultimately promoting tumor progression. In addition, we showed that DDP treatment was much more effective in circFAT1 knockdown tumor cells in vitro and in a xenograft tumor model. Our results indicate that circFAT1 promote tumorigenesis in LUAD through sequestering miR-7, consequently upregulating IRS2-ERK1/2-mediated CCND1 expression, and can be a valuable therapeutic target and an important parameter for precision treatment in LUAD patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Neoplasias Pulmonares , MicroRNAs , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/genética , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética
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