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1.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(9): 1301-1306, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027462

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Radiation therapy is widely used as adjuvant treatment in breast cancer patients. In the last decades, several studies have been designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated breast radiation therapy. More recently, even shorter regimens with doses above 4 Gy (hyper-hypofractionation) have also been proposed. This study aims to present a narrative review of the various hypofractionation protocols used to treat breast cancer patients with a focus on clinical application. RESULTS: Long-term results from several phase III randomized controlled trials demonstrated the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated breast radiation therapy using 15 or 16 fractions for early and locally advanced disease. The results of the initial clinical trials of hyper-hypofractionation are also encouraging and it is believed that these regimens may become routine in the indication of adjuvant radiation therapy treatment after the ongoing studies on this subject have matured. CONCLUSIONS: The idea that normal tissues could present high toxicity at doses above 2 Gy was opposed by clinical trials that demonstrated that moderate hypofractionation had similar results regarding oncological and cosmetic outcomes compared to conventional fractionation. Cosmetic and toxicity results from hyper-fractionation studies are in principle favorable. However, the long-term oncological results of studies that used hyper-hypofractionation for the treatment of breast cancer patients are still awaited.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Humanos , Período Pós-Operatório , Radioterapia Adjuvante
2.
Cancer Radiother ; 24(6-7): 645-648, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883627

RESUMO

Immediate breast reconstruction versus delayed breast reconstruction improves quality of life of breast cancer patients undergoing total mastectomy without impacting oncologic outcomes. Two types of immediate reconstruction are possible, implant-based reconstruction or autologous reconstruction. These reconstructions interpose a tissue in the operating bed, which modifies target volume definition compared to a wall without reconstruction Post mastectomy radiotherapy increases the rate of postoperative complications for both surgical procedures. Recent guidelines were published about target volume definition in the post mastectomy setting after implant-based reconstruction. Guidelines about target volume definition after autologous reconstruction are still awaited. The aim of our work is to present the different surgical procedures for immediate breast reconstruction, their complications, and the definition of the postmastectomy target volume.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5739-5742, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Locoregional recurrence (LRR) of breast cancer is reported to occur at a rate of 5%-15%. Wide excision of LRR is the recommended treatment, which can increase the probability of subsequent local control. Herein, we describe a surgical technique wherein a pedicled skin and subcutaneous flap close the skin defect after resection of a breast cancer LRR without use of a skin graft. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed four patients who underwent surgical resection using a pedicled rotation flap for chest wall recurrence after mastectomy. RESULTS: The surgical margin was set 2 cm apart from the tumor margin. After resection of tumor from the chest wall, we formed an adjacent pedicled flap and rotated the flap to the skin defect. There were no post-operative complications, including wound necrosis. CONCLUSION: Surgical resection with a pedicled rotation flap for post-mastectomy breast cancer LRR is a highly feasible way to achieve complete resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamoplastia/métodos , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5351-5354, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The treatment of breast cancer has progressed considerably over the years, with a significant de-escalation from radical mastectomies to the current paradigm of breast conserving surgery (BCS) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT). We aimed to appraise the literature regarding the feasibility of de-escalation of treatment of axillary disease in the context of NACT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We appraised studies and guidelines published regarding this topic and discussed them in this mini-review. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The SNB following NACT is oncologically safe in patients with clinically node negative disease and in patients with biopsy proven axillary node involvement at presentation provided that the dual technique is used and the clipped pathological node is harvested.


Assuntos
Axila/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Axila/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Metástase Linfática , Mastectomia Radical/efeitos adversos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela
5.
Surg Oncol ; 34: 182-185, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32891326

RESUMO

In the midst of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, governmental agencies, state medical boards, and healthcare organizations have called for restricting "elective" operations to mitigate the risk of transmission of the virus amongst patients and healthcare providers and to preserve essential resources for potential regional surges of COVID patients. While the fear of delaying surgical care for many of our patients is deeply challenging for us as cancer care providers, we must balance our personal commitment to providing timely and appropriate oncologic care to our cancer patients with our societal responsibility to protect our patients (including those on whom we are operating), co-workers, trainees, families, and community, from undue risks of contracting and propagating COVID-19. Herein, we present guidelines for surgical decision-making and case prioritization developed among all adult disease specialties in the MD Anderson Cancer Center Departments of Surgical Oncology and Breast Surgical Oncology in Houston, Texas.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Betacoronavirus , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Endócrinas/cirurgia , Humanos , Melanoma/cirurgia , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/cirurgia , Pandemias , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Oncologia Cirúrgica
6.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 458-468, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876019

RESUMO

Background: The worldwide outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan, China close to the end of 2019. We analyse the clinical characteristics and management outcomes of a small group of patients who have been treated in the early stage of the COVID-19 disease, and discuss the impact of the pandemic on the service delivered to breast cancer patients. Material Methods: We analysed a cohort of 130 breast cancer patients who underwent elective surgical procedures during the early period of COVID-19. The patients were operated on in the period from March 16th, 2020 to May 18th, 2020. Results: All the patients were female, with an age range of 33-88 years, with a median age of 57.6 years. Most of the cases were admitted as a day case surgery after passing through a preoperative screening pathway, which was developed gradually. Patients were contacted by phone after their surgery to ensure that they have had no symptoms and were reviewed in person two weeks after the procedure with histology results. Only one patient developed COVID-19 symptoms after surgery and recovered. Conclusions: Early and careful implementation of modified practice policies during emerging situation of viral pandemics will reduce the risk of perioperative complications, reduce the risk of patient to staff to patient transmission and minimize the negative impact of COVID-19 on breast cancer management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21498, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871996

RESUMO

Adjuvant chemotherapy may cause alterations in serum lipids in postoperative breast cancer (BC) patients, but the specific alterations caused by different chemotherapy regimens remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the status of serum lipids pre- and post-chemotherapy and to compare the side effects of different chemotherapy regimens on serum lipid.We retrospectively analysed the lipid profiles of 1934 consecutive postoperative BC patients who received one of the following chemotherapy regimens:The levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterols (TC), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) were significantly elevated in patients who received chemotherapy regimens above (P < .001). With respect to different chemotherapy regimens, FEC had less side effects on lipid profiles (TG (P = .006), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) (P < .001), and LDL-C (P < .001)) than TC regimen and AC-T and EC-T regimen. Also, the incidence of newly diagnosed dyslipidemia after chemotherapy was lower in FEC group than TC group and AC-T and EC-T group (P < .001). Additionally, the magnitude of the alterations in lipid profiles (TG, TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C) was greater in premenopausal patients than that of the postmenopausal patients (P = .004; P < .001; P = .002; P = .003, respectively). Moreover, after adjusting for multiple baseline covariates, anthracycline-plus-taxane-based regimens (AC-T and EC-T) were still statistically associated with a high level of TG (P = .004) and a low level of HDL-C (P = .033) after chemotherapy compared with FEC regimen. Also, body mass index (BMI) > 24 was associated with abnormal lipid profiles (TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C) post-chemotherapy compared with BMI ≤ 24 (P < .001; P = .036; P = .012; P = .048, respectively).BC patients receiving chemotherapy may have elevated lipid profiles, and anthracycline-based regimen had less side effects on lipid profiles compared with regimens containing taxane. Therefore, it is necessary to take lipid metabolism into consideration when making chemotherapy decisions and dyslipidemia prevention and corresponding interventions are indispensable during the whole chemotherapy period.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Lipídeos/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21585, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of radionuclide in diagnosis of bone metastasis (BM) after breast cancer surgery (BCS). METHODS: The electronic databases (Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, CBM, and CNKI) will be systematically and comprehensively searched until June 1, 2020 for eligible studies that reported the diagnosis of radionuclide in BM after BCS. In addition, we will also identify grey literatures, such as conference abstracts, and reference lists of included studies. All process of study identification, data extraction, and study methodological quality evaluation will be performed by 2 independent authors. All divergences will be settled by a third author through discussion. All data analysis will be carried out by RevMan 5.3 software (London, UK). RESULTS: This study will scrutinize the most recent evidence of radionuclide in detection of BM after BCS. CONCLUSION: This study may provide evidence of accuracy of radionuclide in diagnosis of BM following BCS. STUDY REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020187646.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Técnicas de Diagnóstico por Radioisótopos , Fatores Etários , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores Socioeconômicos
10.
Am Surg ; 86(8): 955-957, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Current treatment guidelines for ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) treated with mastectomy recommend sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). In the modern era, there is a trend toward minimizing invasive staging and treatment of the axilla. In this study, we seek to determine the role of SLNB in patients undergoing mastectomy for the treatment of DCIS. METHODS: Patients undergoing mastectomy were identified from our institution's SLNB database from 2012 to 2016. Patients were included if core needle biopsy demonstrated DCIS. Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and pathologic variables were abstracted. RESULTS: Of 187 patients undergoing mastectomy with SLNB from 2012 to 2016 for DCIS or invasive ductal carcinoma, 39 (21%) were diagnosed with DCIS on core biopsy. Mean age was 57 years. 70% were Caucasian, 18% were African American, 8% were Asian, and the remaining 5% were unknown. One patient (3%) had positive nodes on SLNB and underwent axillary lymph node dissection. Of those with DCIS on core biopsy, 14 (36%) were upstaged to invasive disease on final surgical pathology, including the patient with positive SLNB. Of the remaining 25 (64%) patients with DCIS on final pathology, 0 (0%) had SLNB positivity. CONCLUSION: Only 3% of patients with DCIS undergoing mastectomy were found to have SLN metastases. However, a significant number of patients (36%) were upstaged due to invasive cancer. Although limited by a small sample size, our results suggest that SLNB should still be recommended to patients undergoing mastectomy for DCIS on core needle biopsy due to the high rate of upstage rate to invasive disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Procedimentos Desnecessários , Adulto , Idoso , Axila , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Intraductal não Infiltrante/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Perioper Pract ; 30(9): 277-282, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869726

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 has changed the approach to operating on breast cancer for the benefit of patients, staff and the general population. One approach involves the switch from operating under general to local anaesthetic. We assess whether diluational local anaesthetic is as effective as the current standard approach. METHODS: Postoperative pain was recorded in prospective, consecutive patients undergoing wide local excision under dilutional local anaesthetic (concentration < 1mg/ml). Pain scores were documented at 0, 30 and 60 minutes and compared to a control group consisting of combined general with local anaesthetic. RESULTS: Pain significantly increased in the control group during the postoperative recovery. This was not seen in the dilutional local anaesthetic group that was non-inferior to the standard approach at 0, 30 and 60 minutes. CONCLUSION: Dilutional local anaesthetic provides a safe and effective alternative approach to operating on breast cancer patients whilst avoiding risky general anaesthetic in a COVID-19 pandemic environment.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Difusão , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1252: 95-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816267

RESUMO

Surgery in the form of both mastectomy and breast conservation is the main step in the treatment of breast cancer. Numerous studies have shown an equivalent long-term survival for breast conserving surgery (BCS) and mastectomy . Patients desire and tumor characteristics, especially size and multicentricity, are the key factors that affect the decision between these two types of surgery . Patients with any contraindication for radiotherapy or previous history of radiation to the breast field are not suitable for BCS . There are few absolute contraindications for BCS , and early pregnancy is listed among them; mastectomy is preferred in the first trimester of pregnancy to avoid the impact of delaying radiation therapy on outcome of the cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/cirurgia , Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Gravidez , Complicações Neoplásicas na Gravidez/radioterapia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1252: 101-105, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816268

RESUMO

During pregnancy and lactation, breast vascularity increases and edema occurs in the breast . As a consequence, rate of complications of breast biopsy and surgery like bleeding, infection, delayed healing and wound dehiscence is expected to be higher. Milk fistula is a rare event that may complicate surgery or needle biopsy of the breast in a breastfeeding woman, or in late stages of pregnancy . Suppression of lactation has been proposed in the literature as both a preventive and a therapeutic step. However, the advantages of nursing for both mother and child are numerous, and the author do not propose it as a preventive measure nor as a must in treatment of milk fistula. Prevention and management of milk fistula are discussed in this chapter.


Assuntos
Mama/cirurgia , Lactação , Complicações na Gravidez , Biópsia por Agulha , Aleitamento Materno , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Fístula/etiologia , Fístula/prevenção & controle , Fístula/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Leite Humano , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia
14.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1252: 107-114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816269

RESUMO

Non-obstetric surgery is needed in 0.75-2% of pregnant women, and safety of anesthesia for mother and child are key points at this time. Some breast diseases need to be approached in a short time interval, and surgery must be performed during pregnancy . In these cases, the technique of anesthesia regarding local, regional or general anesthesia and type of anesthetic medicine are selected based on the extent of the procedure, gestational age, and condition of the mother and child. The ideal timing for any surgery during pregnancy is in the second trimester because the risk of fetal adverse effects as well as preterm labor are lower. However, surgery of breast cancer during pregnancy is performed in any trimester as guided by treatment guidelines and is not deferred based on anesthesia preferences. Various types of anesthesia for breast surgery during pregnancy , preoperative and postoperative considerations are discussed in this chapter.


Assuntos
Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Anestesia/métodos , Anestésicos , Mama/cirurgia , Complicações na Gravidez , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Feto/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/induzido quimicamente , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/etiologia , Trabalho de Parto Prematuro/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/induzido quimicamente , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/prevenção & controle
15.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1252: 189-193, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816281

RESUMO

Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in women of childbearing age. One of the surgeries performed in the management of the disease is mastectomy , which might negatively affect body image and quality of life, and breast reconstruction is seen as a remedy to this problem. However, for the women who are interested in having children after treatment of breast cancer, the debate is whether they can have a successful pregnancy and delivery after breast reconstruction.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia , Gravidez/fisiologia , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Resultado da Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(8): 577-580, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777930

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An increasing quantity of data is required to guide precision medicine and advance future healthcare practices, but current analytical methods often become overwhelmed. Artificial intelligence (AI) provides a promising solution. Plastic surgery is an innovative surgical specialty expected to implement AI into current and future practices. It is important for all plastic surgeons to understand how AI may affect current and future practice, and to recognise its potential limitations. METHODS: Peer-reviewed published literature and online content were comprehensively reviewed. We report current applications of AI in plastic surgery and possible future applications based on published literature and continuing scientific studies, and detail its potential limitations and ethical considerations. FINDINGS: Current machine learning models using convolutional neural networks can evaluate breast mammography and differentiate benign and malignant tumours as accurately as specialist doctors, and motion sensor surgical instruments can collate real-time data to advise intraoperative technical adjustments. Centralised big data portals are expected to collate large datasets to accelerate understanding of disease pathogeneses and best practices. Information obtained using computer vision could guide intraoperative surgical decisions in unprecedented detail and semi-autonomous surgical systems guided by AI algorithms may enable improved surgical outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Surgeons must collaborate with computer scientists to ensure that AI algorithms inform clinically relevant health objectives and are interpretable. Ethical concerns such as systematic biases causing non-representative conclusions for under-represented patient groups, patient confidentiality and the limitations of AI based on the quality of data input suggests that AI will accompany the plastic surgeon, rather than replace them.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Big Data , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia
17.
Cancer Radiother ; 24(6-7): 482-492, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32839105

RESUMO

Radiation therapy has benefited from many developments over the past 20 years. These developments are mainly linked to the technology, imaging and informatics evolutions which allow better targets definitions, ensure better organs-at-risk sparing and excellent reproducibility of treatments, with a perfect control of patient positioning. In breast cancer radiotherapy, the evolution was marked by the possibility of reducing the duration of treatments from 6-7 to 3-4 weeks by using hypofractionated regimens, or by further reducing the irradiation to one week when treatment is solely focalised to the tumour bed. This concept of accelerated partial breast irradiation has challenged the paradigm of the obligation to irradiate the whole breast after conservative surgery in all patients. In addition, the technical mastery of accelerated partial breast irradiation and the development of stereotactic radiotherapy techniques are currently contributing to the development of research projects in neoadjuvant settings. Thus, numerous ongoing studies are evaluating the impact of high-dose preoperative tumour irradiation, alone or in combination with systemic treatments, on biological tumor changes, on anti-tumour immunity, and on the pathologic complete response, which is considered as predictive of better long-term survival in some molecular breast cancer subtypes. In this review, we discuss all these developments which allow breast radiation therapy to enter the era of personalisation of treatments in oncology.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Doses de Radiação , Radioterapia Adjuvante
18.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(14): 7845-7854, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744712

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Current trends show a rise of attention given to breast cancer patients' quality of life and the surgical reconstructive result. Along with this trend, surgical training quality and efficacy are gaining importance and innovative training methods such as online videos shared on social media portals, are becoming main updating tools. In hazardous times like COVID-19 pandemic nowadays, online communication becomes of vital importance and adaptation and innovation are fundamental to keep research and education alive. The authors aimed to investigate the role of video and multimedia sources on the daily activity and surgical training of a representative group of surgeons specifically dedicated to oncologic, oncoplastic and reconstructive breast surgeries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was produced and administered to 20 major Italian Breast Centers. Collected data were analyzed with Fisher's Exact Test. RESULTS: From October 2019 to March 2020, a total of 320 surveys were collected. Among the responders, there were 188 trainees (intern medical doctors and residents) and 110 faculty, 72% of them belonged to a plastic surgery environment, while 28% to general surgery environment. Almost all respondents have ever watched videos concerning breast surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show how breast surgeons rely on videos and web platforms, mostly YouTube, when searching for training info about surgical procedures. Social media offer great opportunities for sharing knowledge and diffusion of new ideas but greater attention to their reliability is mandatory.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Educação a Distância/normas , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Qualidade de Vida , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação em Vídeo
19.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(8): e375-e385, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758475

RESUMO

The aims of the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium initiative were to identify important knowledge gaps in the field of oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery and nipple-sparing or skin-sparing mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction, and to recommend appropriate research strategies to address these gaps. A total of 212 surgeons and 26 patient advocates from 55 countries prioritised the 15 most important knowledge gaps from a list of 38 in two electronic Delphi rounds. An interdisciplinary panel of the Oncoplastic Breast Consortium consisting of 63 stakeholders from 20 countries obtained consensus during an in-person meeting to select seven of these 15 knowledge gaps as research priorities. Three key recommendations emerged from the meeting. First, the effect of oncoplastic breast-conserving surgery on quality of life and the optimal type and timing of reconstruction after nipple-sparing or skin-sparing mastectomy with planned radiotherapy should be addressed by prospective cohort studies at an international level. Second, the role of adjunctive mesh and the positioning of implants during implant-based breast reconstruction should ideally be investigated by randomised controlled trials of pragmatic design. Finally, the BREAST-Q questionnaire is a suitable tool to assess primary outcomes in these studies, but other metrics to measure patient-reported outcomes should be systematically evaluated and quality indicators of surgical morbidity should be further assessed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia , Feminino , Humanos
20.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 171, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32854728

RESUMO

The Covid-19 pandemic has challenged hard the national health systems worldwide. According to the national policy issued in March 2020 in response to the evolving Covid-19 pandemic, several hospitals were re-configured as Covid-19 centers and elective surgery procedures were rescheduled according to the most recent recommendations. In addition, Covid-19 protected cancer hubs were established, including the Regina Elena National Cancer Institute of Rome, Central Italy. At our Institute, the Breast Surgery Department continued working under the sign of a multidisciplinary approach. The number of professional figures involved in case evaluation was reduced to a minimum and interactions took place in the full respect of the required safety measures. Treatments for benign disease, pure prophylactic surgery and elective reconstructive procedures were all postponed and priority was assigned to the histologically-proven malignant breast tumors and highly suspicious lesions. From March 15th though April 30th 2020, we treated a total of 79 patients. This number is fully consistent with the average quantitative standards reached by our Department under ordinary circumstances. Patients were mostly discharged the day after surgery and none was readmitted due to surgery-related late complications. More generally, post-operative complications rates were unexpectedly low, particularly in light of the relatively high number of reconstructive procedures performed in this emergency situation. A strict follow up was performed based on the close contact with the surgical staff by telephone, messaging apps and telemedicine.Patients ascertainment for their Covid-19 status prior to hospital admission and hospital discharge allowed to maintain the "no-Covid-19" status at our Institution. In addition, during the aforementioned time window, none of the care providers developed SARS-CoV-2 infection or disease, as shown by the results of anti-SARS-CoV-2 immunoglobulin M and G profiling. In conclusions, elective breast cancer surgery procedures were successfully performed in a lockdown situation due to a novel viral pandemic. The well-coordinated regional and hospital efforts in terms of medical resource re-allocation and definition of clinical priorities allowed to maintain high quality standards of breast cancer care while ensuring safety to the cancer patients and care providers involved.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Carcinoma Lobular/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Mastectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/virologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/virologia , Carcinoma Lobular/patologia , Carcinoma Lobular/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prognóstico , Receptor ErbB-2/metabolismo , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo
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