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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e15719, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the relationship between the age at first use of oral contraceptives (OC) and breast cancer (BC) risk. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and related reviews published through June 28, 2018, and used summary relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to evaluate the cancer risks, and fixed-effects dose-response meta-analysis to assess potential linear and non-linear dose-response relationships. RESULTS: We included 10 studies, with 8585 BC cases among 686,305 participants. The pooled RR for BC was 1.24 (95% CI: 1.10-1.41), with moderate heterogeneities (I = 66.5%, P < .001). No significant publication bias was found (P = .584 for Begg test, P = .597 for Egger test). A linear dose-response relationship between the age at first OC use and BC risk was detected (P = .518 for non-linearity). Subgroup analyses were restricted to studies done by BC subtypes, region, sample size, follow-up time and study quality. Inconsistent consequences with no statistical significance were explored when limited to studies from Western countries, study quality <7, sample size <10,000, follow-up time <5 years, and BC subtypes defined by estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) expression status in tumor tissue. Sensitivity analyses indicated that our results were stable and reliable after removing each study in turn and omitting studies of adjusted unreported variables. CONCLUSION: A significant linear relationship between the age at first OC use and BC risk was confirmed. No further consistent differences are noted in multiple aspects of BC subtypes defined by progesterone or ER status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Anticoncepcionais Orais/administração & dosagem , Fatores Etários , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2/biossíntese , Receptores Estrogênicos/biossíntese , Receptores de Progesterona/biossíntese , Fatores de Risco
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(8): 512-515, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474008

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that is found around breast implants. ALCL was discovered only two decades ago. In Israel we currently have four diagnosed cases (as of 2018). Until recently, the estimated incidence was 1:300,000 women with breast implants, while recent reports range from 1:3817 to 1:30,000. OBJECTIVES: To determine the occurrence of breast implant-ALCL in Israel. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the four patients diagnosed with ALCL in Israel. Cytology was confirmed and the clinical data was collected. Based on the estimated number of women with breast implants in Israel, a calculation of the true incidence was completed. RESULTS: The incidence in Israel is significantly higher than the older incidence reports indicate. We estimated that the lifetime prevalence of the disease is 4:60,000 women with a textured breast implant, or 1:15,000 women with a textured breast implant in Israel. CONCLUSIONS: ALCL is not common. We support the claim that the prevalence is significantly higher than what was initially described. This finding has clinical and medicolegal implications that should be addressed accordingly.


Assuntos
Implantes de Mama/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/diagnóstico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/epidemiologia , Adulto , Mama/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 130, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558929

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer is a public health problem that affect women more than men. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological and histopathological features of gynecological malignancies in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of histologically proven gynecological cancers over a 10-year period (2008-2017) in the Gynecology and Pathological Anatomy Departments of the University Teaching Hospital of Yaoundé. Results: A total of 682 cancers were identified among which, 342 gynecological cancers, for an overall frequency of 50.1% and an annual frequency of 34.2 cases on average. There was a trend suggesting an increase annual frequency over time. The cervix was the most frequent location with 182 cases (53.2%); followed by breast with 96 cases (28.1%); endometrium with 33 cases (9.7%) and ovaries 15 cases (4.4%). These patients were on average 51.9±13.7 years old, mostly housewives (56.8%), married (60.4%), multiparous (61.3%) and referred (62.6%). Histopathologically, cervical cancer was predominantly squamous cell carcinoma (86.8%), invasive (80.9%) and well differentiated (45.5%). For breast cancers, the majority were ductal carcinomas (78.1%), invasive (92%), and histological grade SBR II (50.6%). The most common histopathological types of endometrial and ovarian cancer were adenocarcinoma (72.2%) and serous cystadenocarcinoma (46.7%), respectively. Conclusion: Gynecological cancers are common. Screening is expected to increase at 30 years for cervical cancer and start at age 40 with mammography for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Camarões/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4941-4945, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519599

RESUMO

AIM: This study describes the demographic, socioeconomic, and tumor-specific characteristics of patients who refuse breast cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of breast cancer patients from 2004-2015 captured by the National Cancer Data Base. Demographic, socioeconomic, and tumor-specific predictors were compared between patients who refused breast cancer surgery versus those who agreed to surgery, using bivariate and multivariate models. RESULTS: A total of 2,445,870 patients met the inclusion criteria. On multivariate analysis, black and Asian patients had higher odds of refusing surgical treatment compared to whites (OR=2.16, CI=2.05-2.28, p<0.001), (OR=1.58, CI=1.41-1.76, p<0.001), respectively. Moreover, patients with government insurance (OR=1.97, CI=1.86-2.09, p<0.001) and uninsured patients (OR=3.91, CI=3.50-4.36, p<0.001) were found to have higher odds of surgical treatment refusal when compared to patients with private insurance. CONCLUSION: Specific demographic and disease-specific characteristics are related to refusing potentially life-saving breast cancer surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mamografia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação de Sintomas , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4971-4975, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519603

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated the incidence of uterine and breast cancer among women diagnosed with granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) of the ovary. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database was accessed and patients diagnosed with a GCT and had a known follow-up between 1973-2014 were identified. Personal tumor history was extracted and patients with a previous or subsequent malignant breast or uterine tumor were identified. The expected incidence of breast and uterine cancer was calculated based on the U.S age-specific rate of breast and uterine cancer per 100,000 women. Standardized incidence ratio (SIR) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated for each tumor. RESULTS: A total of 1908 cases of GCT were identified. Seventy- nine (4.14%) and 53 (2.78%) patients were diagnosed with a malignant breast and uterine malignancy. The cumulative expected number of malignant breast and uterine tumors was 27 (1.41%) and 6 (0.31%), respectively. The calculated SIR for breast and uterine malignancies was 2.96 (95%CI=2.34, 3.68) and 8.83 (95%CI=6.61, 11.56), respectively. CONCLUSION: An increased incidence of breast and uterine malignancies among patients diagnosed with GCTs was observed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Uterinas/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5135-5142, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519625

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with locoregional and metastatic breast cancer (BC) considering baseline demographic, clinical and contextual characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a cancer registry was conducted, using the Kaplan-Meier and Mantel-Cox analyses for the calculation of median OS and cumulative survival. RESULTS: The median OS was 112 months, being longer in patients with locoregional versus those with metastatic BC at diagnosis (115 vs. 31 months, p<0.001). The cumulative survival at 1, 3 and 5 years were 94.9%, 85.6% and 76.5%, respectively. More recent year of diagnosis [hazard ratio (HR)=1.09] and age at diagnosis (≥65 vs. 40 years, HR=2.79) and presence of metastatic disease (HR=5.69) were associated with a shorter OS. The region of residence, morphology and topography of the tumor were also associated with survival in patients with BC. Rurality was only associated with lower survival in patients with metastatic BC. CONCLUSION: This study identified significant differences in the median OS of patients with locoregional and those with metastatic BC considering their baseline characteristics.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 21(9): 612-614, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31542907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Young women concerned about a breast cancer diagnosis will visit breast care centers and request breast cancer screening, including imaging studies, on their initial visit. OBJECTIVES: To explore the role of breast examination and breast ultrasound in self-referred asymptomatic women under the age of 40 years. METHODS: We identified 3524 women under the age of 40 at our medical clinic from 1 January 2010 until 1 June 2014. Of this group, 164 women with above average breast cancer risk were excluded and 233 were excluded because of breast complaints. Of 3127 women, 220 underwent breast ultrasound following the initial visit to the clinic and formed the study group. RESULTS: Of 220 women evaluated with ultrasound, 68 had prior positive clinical findings. Of this group 8 women had no sonographic findings, and in the remaining 60, a total of 30 simple cysts, 15 fibroadenomas, and 15 suspicious solid masses were identified. One infiltrating ductal carcinoma and one ductal carcinoma in situ were found in a biopsy. The remaining 152 of the 220 total women who underwent breast ultrasound without showing prior physical findings did not require follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of clinical findings during physical breast examination, the addition of breast ultrasonography does not provide additional information to supplement the physical examination in self-referred women under age 40 who do not have any major risk factors for developing breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Mamografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ultrassonografia Mamária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Israel/epidemiologia , Exame Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 1-7, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456176

RESUMO

Breast Cancer is the leading cancer, in terms of incidence, that affects women. Better prognosis is still associated with detection at early stages, resulting in increased emphasis on timely and improved screening strategies. More data is now available on the incidence as well as mortality of almost all cancers, including breast cancer. This article discusses the trends in incidence as well as mortality of breast cancer in the US over last ten reportings i.e. years 2009 through 2018, along with an overview of recently reported numbers globally. The incidence rate is clearly on rise, which is indicative of aggressive screenings and detections. The mortality rate has not increased at the same pace, suggesting better clinical management of breast cancer patients, but the numbers are still too high. While screenings and early diagnoses should still be a point of focus, particularly in developing and poor countries, more efforts are needed to improve the prognosis of patients diagnosed at a later stage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Programas de Rastreamento , Prognóstico , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
9.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 9-29, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456177

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies have contributed importantly to current knowledge of environmental and genetic risk factors for breast cancer. Worldwide, breast cancer is an important cause of human suffering and premature mortality among women. In the United States, breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. A variety of risk factors for breast cancer have been well-established by epidemiologic studies including race, ethnicity, family history of cancer, and genetic traits, as well as modifiable exposures such as increased alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, exogenous hormones, and certain female reproductive factors. Younger age at menarche, parity, and older age at first full-term pregnancy may influence breast cancer risk through long-term effects on sex hormone levels or by other biological mechanisms. Recent studies have suggested that triple negative breast cancers may have a distinct etiology. Genetic variants and mutations in genes that code for proteins having a role in DNA repair pathways and the homologous recombination of DNA double stranded breaks (APEX1, BRCA1, BRCA2, XRCC2, XRCC3, ATM, CHEK2, PALB2, RAD51, XPD), have been implicated in some cases of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Mutação , Gravidez , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/etiologia
10.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 31-49, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456178

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common noncutaneous malignancy and the second most lethal form of cancer among women in the United States. It currently affects more than one in ten women worldwide. The chance for a female to be diagnosed with breast cancer during her lifetime has significantly increased from 1 in 11 women in 1975 to 1 in 8 women (Altekruse, SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2007. National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, 2010). This chance for a female of being diagnosed with cancer generally increases with age (Howlader et al, SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2010. National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, 2013). Fortunately, the mortality rate from breast cancer has decreased in recent years due to increased emphasis on early detection and more effective treatments in the White population. Although the mortality rates have declined in some ethnic populations, the overall cancer incidence among African American and Hispanic population has continued to grow. The goal of the work presented in this book chapter is to highlight similarities and differences in breast cancer morbidity and mortality rates among non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black populations. This book chapter also provides an overview of breast cancer, racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer, breast cancer incidence and mortality rate linked to hereditary, major risk factors of breast cancer among minority population, breast cancer treatment, and health disparity. A considerable amount of breast cancer treatment research have been conducted, but with limited success for African Americans compared to other ethnic groups. Therefore, new strategies and approaches are needed to promote breast cancer prevention, improve survival rates, reduce breast cancer mortality, and ultimately improve the health outcomes of racial/ethnic minorities. In addition, it is vital that leaders and medical professionals from minority population groups be represented in decision-making in research so that racial disparity in breast cancer can be well-studied, fully addressed, and ultimately eliminated in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Afro-Americanos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1152: 51-64, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31456179

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in women and ranks second among causes for cancer related death in women. Evidence in literature has shown that the past and ongoing research has an enormous implication in improving the clinical outcome in breast cancer. This has been attributed to the progress made in the realm of screening, diagnosis and therapeutic strategies engaged in breast cancer management. However, poor prognosis in TNBC and drug resistance presents major inhibitions which are also current challenges for containing the disease. Similarly, a focal point of concern is the rising rate of breast cancer incidence and mortality among the population of under developed world. In this chapter, an overview of the current practices for the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer and associated impediments has been provided.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Programas de Rastreamento
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4305-4314, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Risk factors for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) with anthracycline-containing regimen for breast cancer patients remain unknown. The risk factors for CINV with FEC100 were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data on CINV events and patient backgrounds of 180 patients were collected from the first cycle of FEC100 treatment. In this regimen, patients were administered various antiemetics (ADs). The combinations of ADs were classified into four categories, while body mass index (BMI) was stratified into three categories. Risk factors were selected based on patient characteristics and combination of ADs. Risks for CINV were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: In the univariate analysis of nausea, BMI was a significant factor, while BMI and combination of ADs were significant in vomiting. In the multivariate analysis concerning nausea, BMI was a significant factor. In the analysis concerning vomiting, the combination of ADs and BMI were significant. CONCLUSION: BMI was the most important risk factor for nausea and vomiting, while the combination of ADs was for vomiting.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Náusea/epidemiologia , Vômito/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Náusea/induzido quimicamente , Náusea/patologia , Fatores de Risco , Vômito/induzido quimicamente , Vômito/patologia
13.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4467-4474, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366546

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between lymphopenia after breast conserving therapy (BCT) and ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) in early breast cancer (EBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We examined 216 EBC patients treated with partial mastectomy followed by radiotherapy (RT), none of whom received chemotherapy. Absolute lymphocyte counts (ALCs) during the two years after RT were collected from each patient: pretreatment ALC, ALC at 3-5 months (ALC1), ALC at 9-11 months, ALC at 15-17 months, and ALC at 21-23 months. RESULTS: The 102 patients with ALC1 ≤1,479 cells/µl (defined as lymphopenia) had significantly higher 10-year IBTR rate than the 102 patients with ALC1 >1,479 cells/µl (16.2% vs. 1%, p=0.0034). The multivariate analysis showed that age, resection margins, human epidermal growth factor receptor, and lymphopenia were significant predictors of IBTR. CONCLUSION: Lymphopenia is a potential predictor for IBTR in EBC patients treated with BCT.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Linfopenia/diagnóstico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfopenia/induzido quimicamente , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Linfopenia/patologia , Mastectomia , Mastectomia Segmentar/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos
14.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 142-145, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349286

RESUMO

The aim is to recognize the unknown atterns in a real breast cancer dataset using data mining algorithms as a new method in medicine. Due to excessive missing data in the collection only data on 665 of 809 patients were available. The other missing values were estimated using the EM algorithm in SPSS21 software. Fields have been converted into discrete fields and finally the APRIORI algorithm has been used to analyze and explore the unknown patterns. After the rule extraction, experts in the field of breast cancer eliminated redundant and meaningless relations. 100 association rules with a confidence value of more than 0.9 explored by the APRIORI algorithm and after the clinical expert feedback, 10 clinically meaningful relations have been detected and reported. Due to the high number of risk factors, the use of data mining is effective for cancer data. These patterns provide the future study hypotheses of specific clinical studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Mineração de Dados , Software , Algoritmos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16147, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As the most popular beverage in East Asia, green tea (GT) has various biological activities effects such as anti-mutation, anti-oxidation, and anti-tumor. In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether GT consumption could be an effective way to decrease the risk of breast cancer. METHODS: We had performed a systematic review and updated meta-analysis of published case-control studies to evaluate the association between GT intake and the risk of breast cancer. Searching strategies were performed by the following keywords "Breast cancer," "breast neoplasm," and "green tea," with derivations and different combinations. The following databases were searched: PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, and China Biology Medicine disc. Studies published in both English and Chinese were considered for inclusion. Risk of bias was assessed through the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). All data were analyzed through using Review Manager 5.1 software. RESULTS: Fourteen studies fulfilled inclusion criteria for meta-analysis, yielding a total of 14,058 breast cancer patients and 15,043 control subjects. Individuals with the habit of drinking GT were found to have a negative association with the risk of future breast cancer (odds ratio 0.83; 95% confidence interval: 0.72-0.96) despite significant heterogeneity. In subgroup analyses, the negative correlation was still found in studies using registry-based controls, NOS grades ≥6 and the number of cases <500. CONCLUSIONS: GT consumption may have a decreased incidence of breast cancer despite significant heterogeneity. However, owing to the quality of available studies, more properly designed trials are warranted to clarify the association between GT consumption and breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/prevenção & controle , Chá , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos
16.
BMJ ; 366: l2408, 2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between the consumption of sugary drinks (such as sugar sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices), artificially sweetened beverages, and the risk of cancer. DESIGN: Population based prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Overall, 101 257 participants aged 18 and over (mean age 42.2, SD 14.4; median follow-up time 5.1 years) from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-2017) were included. Consumptions of sugary drinks and artificially sweetened beverages were assessed by using repeated 24 hour dietary records, which were designed to register participants' usual consumption for 3300 different food and beverage items. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prospective associations between beverage consumption and the risk of overall, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer were assessed by multi-adjusted Fine and Gray hazard models, accounting for competing risks. Subdistribution hazard ratios were computed. RESULTS: The consumption of sugary drinks was significantly associated with the risk of overall cancer (n=2193 cases, subdistribution hazard ratio for a 100mL/d increase 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.10 to 1.27, P<0.0001) and breast cancer (693, 1.22, 1.07 to 1.39, P=0.004). The consumption of artificially sweetened beverages was not associated with the risk of cancer. In specific subanalyses, the consumption of 100% fruit juice was significantly associated with the risk of overall cancer (2193, 1.12, 1.03 to 1.23, P=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In this large prospective study, the consumption of sugary drinks was positively associated with the risk of overall cancer and breast cancer. 100% fruit juices were also positively associated with the risk of overall cancer. These results need replication in other large scale prospective studies. They suggest that sugary drinks, which are widely consumed in Western countries, might represent a modifiable risk factor for cancer prevention. STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03335644.


Assuntos
Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16436, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305469

RESUMO

The prognostic value and conflicting results of metastatic lymph node ratio (mLNR) on breast cancer have aroused an increasing concern. We aimed to evaluate the imperative of mLNR classification and prognostic factors in breast cancer with molecular subtypes.This study uses the database of surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) to investigate the imperative for reliable mLNR classification and critical prognostic factors in breast cancer with different molecular subtypes.The prognostic characteristics for disease-specific survival (DSS) of breast cancer were investigated in the SEER cohort (n = 3651). mLNR (P = .017) and histology grade (P < .001) were independent factors. A novel grade-lymph node ratio (G-R) staging system was proposed for breast cancer prognosis. The receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the G-R staging system had an accurate 1-, 3-, and 5-year DSS prediction. Further stratification analysis with molecular subtypes of breast cancer (Luminal and TNBC) first proved robust prognostic values of the G-R staging system among molecular subtypes.The current population-based cohort demonstrated the capacity of mLNR serving as a critical prognostic factor. Also, G-R staging system has the potential to be regarded as reliable classification for breast cancer patients with different molecular subtypes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Programa de SEER , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1872(1): 138-148, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348975

RESUMO

According to the most recent epidemiological studies, breast cancer shows the highest incidence and the second leading cause of death in women. Cancer progression and metastasis are the main events related to poor survival of breast cancer patients. This can be explained by the presence of highly resistant to chemo- and radiotherapy stem cells in many breast tumor tissues. In this context, numerous studies highlighted the possible involvement of epithelial to mesenchymal transition phenomenon as biological program to generate cancer stem cells, and thus participate to both metastatic and drug resistance process. Therefore, the comprehension of mechanisms (both cellular and molecular) involved in breast cancer occurrence and progression can lay the foundation for the development of new diagnostic and therapeutical protocols. In this review, we reported the most important findings in the field of breast cancer highlighting the most recent data concerning breast tumor biology, diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Progressão da Doença , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Oncologia/tendências , Metástase Neoplásica
19.
Cancer Imaging ; 19(1): 46, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mammography (MG) is highly sensitive for detecting microcalcifications, but has low specificity. This study investigates whether establishing a preoperative nomogram including ultrasonographic findings can help predict the likelihood of malignancy in patients with mammographic microcalcification. METHODS: Between May 2012 and January 2017, 475 patients with suspicious microcalcifications detected on MG underwent ultrasonography (US). The χ2 test was used to screen risk factors among the variables. Then, a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to identify independent predictors of malignant microcalcifications. A mammographic nomogram (M nomogram) and mammographic-ultrasonographic nomogram (M-U nomogram) were established based on multivariate logistic regression models. The discriminatory ability and clinical utility of both nomograms were compared by the receiver operating characteristics curve and decision curve analysis. The calibration ability was evaluated using a calibration curve. RESULTS: Among the cases, 68.2% (324/475) were pathologically diagnosed as breast cancer and 31.8% (151/475) were benign lesions. Based on multivariate logistic regression analysis, age, clinical manifestation, morphology and distribution of microcalcifications on MG and lesions associated with microcalcifications on US were confirmed as independent predictors of malignant microcalcifications. In terms of discrimination ability, the C-index of the M-U nomogram was significantly higher than that of the M nomogram (0.917 vs 0.897, p = 0.006). The bias-corrected curve was close to the ideal line in the calibration curve. Decision curve analysis suggested that the M-U nomogram was superior to M nomogram. CONCLUSIONS: Combining mammographic parameters with ultrasonographic findings in a nomogram provided better performance than an M nomogram alone, especially for dense breasts, which suggests the value of ultrasonographic finding for individualized prediction of malignancy in patients with microcalcifications.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Mamografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Calcinose/complicações , Calcinose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Período Pré-Operatório , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
20.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(5): 820-830, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31286529

RESUMO

The approach to screening patients at high risk for breast cancer has thus far been challenging to standardize, given limited high-level evidence in this population. The approach has evolved given the development of more effective screening modalities, including digital breast mammography, magnetic resonance imaging, and other emerging technologies. This review will discuss identification of high-risk patients, approaches to genetic counseling and testing, and evidence behind screening modalities and algorithms in this special population.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
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