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1.
JCO Precis Oncol ; 6: e2200165, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35939768

RESUMO

PURPOSE: National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice is a multicohort trial that assigns patients with advanced cancers to targeted therapies on the basis of central tumor genomic testing. Arm B evaluated afatinib, an ErbB family tyrosine kinase inhibitor, in patients with ERBB2-activating mutations. METHODS: Eligible patients had selected ERBB2 single-nucleotide variants or insertions/deletions detected by the National Cancer Institute-Molecular Analysis for Therapy Choice next-generation sequencing assay. Patients had performance status ≤ 1, left ventricular ejection fraction > 50%, grade ≤ 1 diarrhea, and no prior human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) therapy. Patients received afatinib 40 mg once daily in 28-day cycles. The primary end point was objective response rate (ORR). Secondary end points were 6-month progression-free survival, overall survival, toxicity, and molecular correlates. RESULTS: A total of 59 patients were assigned and 40 were enrolled. The median age was 62 years, 78% were female, 68% had performance status = 1, and 58% had received > 3 prior therapies. The confirmed ORR was 2.7% (n = 1 of 37; 90% CI, 0.14 to 12.2), and 6-month progression-free survival was 12.0% (90% CI, 5.6 to 25.8). A confirmed partial response occurred in a patient with adenocarcinoma of extra-mammary Paget disease of skin who progressed after cycle 6. Two unconfirmed partial responses were observed (low-grade serous gynecological tract and estrogen receptor-positive/HER2-negative immunohistochemistry breast ductal carcinoma). Of 12 patients with breast cancer, 1 additional patient with lobular carcinoma (estrogen receptor-positive/HER2 fluorescent in situ hybridization) had a 51% reduction in target lesions but progressed because of a new lesion at cycle 6. The most common (> 20%) treatment-related adverse events were diarrhea (68%), mucositis (43%), fatigue (40%), acneiform rash (30%), dehydration (27%), vomiting (27%), nausea (27%), anemia (27%), and anorexia (22%). Four patients (11%) discontinued because of adverse events. CONCLUSION: Although afatinib did not meet the prespecified threshold for antitumor activity in this heavily pretreated cohort, the response in a rare tumor type is notable. The safety profile of afatinib was consistent with prior studies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Quinazolinas , Afatinib/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Humanos , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , National Cancer Institute (U.S.) , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores de Estrogênio/genética , Volume Sistólico , Estados Unidos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 794, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941353

RESUMO

Quantitative phase imaging (QPI) measures the growth rate of individual cells by quantifying changes in mass versus time. Here, we use the breast cancer cell lines MCF-7, BT-474, and MDA-MB-231 to validate QPI as a multiparametric approach for determining response to single-agent therapies. Our method allows for rapid determination of drug sensitivity, cytotoxicity, heterogeneity, and time of response for up to 100,000 individual cells or small clusters in a single experiment. We find that QPI EC50 values are concordant with CellTiter-Glo (CTG), a gold standard metabolic endpoint assay. In addition, we apply multiparametric QPI to characterize cytostatic/cytotoxic and rapid/slow responses and track the emergence of resistant subpopulations. Thus, QPI reveals dynamic changes in response heterogeneity in addition to average population responses, a key advantage over endpoint viability or metabolic assays. Overall, multiparametric QPI reveals a rich picture of cell growth by capturing the dynamics of single-cell responses to candidate therapies.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos
3.
Nat Cell Biol ; 24(8): 1265-1277, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941369

RESUMO

Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) renders epithelial cells migratory properties. While epigenetic and splicing changes have been implicated in EMT, the mechanisms governing their crosstalk remain poorly understood. Here we discovered that a C2H2 zinc finger protein, ZNF827, is strongly induced during various contexts of EMT, including in brain development and breast cancer metastasis, and is required for the molecular and phenotypic changes underlying EMT in these processes. Mechanistically, ZNF827 mediated these responses by orchestrating a large-scale remodelling of the splicing landscape by recruiting HDAC1 for epigenetic modulation of distinct genomic loci, thereby slowing RNA polymerase II progression and altering the splicing of genes encoding key EMT regulators in cis. Our findings reveal an unprecedented complexity of crosstalk between epigenetic landscape and splicing programme in governing EMT and identify ZNF827 as a master regulator coupling these processes during EMT in brain development and breast cancer metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Epigenoma , Processamento Alternativo , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica
4.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 864, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: IFN-γ has been traditionally recognized as an inflammatory cytokine that involves in inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Previously we have shown that sustained IFN-γ induced malignant transformation of bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) via arginine depletion. However, the molecular mechanism underlying this is still unknown. METHODS: In this study, the amino acids contents in BMECs were quantified by a targeted metabolomics method. The acquisition of differentially expressed genes was mined from RNA-seq dataset and analyzed bioinformatically. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), western blotting, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) assay were performed to detect gene mRNA and protein expression levels. CCK-8 and would healing assays were used to detect cell proliferation and migration abilities, respectively. Cell cycle phase alternations were analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The targeted metabolomics analysis specifically discovered IFN-γ induced arginine depletion through accelerating arginine catabolism and inhibiting arginine anabolism in BMECs. Transcriptome analysis identified leucine aminopeptidase 3 (LAP3), which was regulated by p38 and ERK MAPKs, to downregulate arginine level through interfering with argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS1) as IFN-γ stimulated. Moreover, LAP3 also contributed to IFN-γ-induced malignant transformation of BMECs by upregulation of HDAC2 (histone deacetylase 2) expression and promotion of cell cycle proteins cyclin A1 and D1 expressions. Arginine supplementation did not affect LAP3 and HDAC2 expressions, but slowed down cell cycle process of malignant BMECs. In clinical samples of patients with breast cancer, LAP3 was confirmed to be upregulated, while ASS1 was downregulated compared with healthy control. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that LAP3 mediated IFN-γ-induced arginine depletion to malignant transformation of BMECs. Our findings provide a potential therapeutic target for breast cancer both in humans and dairy cows.


Assuntos
Arginina , Neoplasias da Mama , Animais , Arginina/metabolismo , Argininossuccinato Sintase/metabolismo , Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Bovinos , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo
5.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272449, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer chemotherapy with high dose alkylating agents is severely limited by their collateral toxicity to crucial normal tissues such as immune and gut cells. Taking advantage of the selective dependence of cancer cells on high glucose and combining glucose deprivation with these agents could produce therapeutic synergy. METHODS: In this study we examined the effect of glucose as well as its deprivation, and antagonism using the non-metabolized analogue 2-deoxy glucose, on the proliferation of several breast cancer cell lines MCF7, MDA-MB-231, YS1.2 and pII and one normal breast cell line, using the MTT assay. Motility was quantitatively assessed using the wound healing assay. Lactate, as the end product of anaerobic glucose metabolism, secreted into culture medium was measured by a biochemical assay. The effect of paclitaxel and doxorubicin on cell proliferation was tested in the absence and presence of low concentrations of glucose using MTT assay. RESULTS: In all cell lines, glucose supplementation enhanced while glucose deprivation reduced both their proliferation and motility. Lactate added to the medium could substitute for glucose. The inhibitory effects of paclitaxel and doxorubicin were significantly enhanced when glucose concentration was decreased in the culture medium, requiring 1000-fold lesser concentration to achieve a similar degree of inhibition to that seen in glucose-containing medium. CONCLUSION: Our data show that a synergy was obtained by combining paclitaxel and doxorubicin with glucose reduction to inhibit cancer cell growth, which in vivo, might be achieved by applying a carbohydrate-restricted diet during the limited phase of application of chemotherapy; this could permit a dose reduction of the cytotoxic agents, resulting in greater tolerance and lesser side effects.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactatos/farmacologia , Paclitaxel
6.
J Extracell Vesicles ; 11(8): e12234, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923105

RESUMO

Breast cancer cells release a large quantity of biocargo-bearing extracellular vesicles (EVs), which mediate intercellular communication within the tumour microenvironment and promote metastasis. To identify EV-bound proteins related to metastasis, we used mass spectrometry to profile EVs from highly and poorly metastatic breast cancer lines of human and mouse origins. Comparative mass spectrometry indicated that integrins, including αv and ß1 subunits, are preferentially enriched in EVs of highly metastatic origin over those of poorly metastatic origin. These results are consistent with our histopathological findings, which show that integrin αv is associated with disease progression in breast cancer patients. Integrin αv colocalizes with the multivesicular-body marker CD63 at a higher frequency in the tumour and is enriched in circulating EVs of breast cancer patients at late stages when compared with circulating EVs from early-stage patients. With a magnetic bead-based flow cytometry assay, we confirmed that integrins αv and ß1 are enriched in the CD63+ subsets of EVs from both human and mouse highly metastatic cells. By analysing the level of integrin αv on circulating EVs, this assay could predict the metastatic potential of a xenografted mouse model. To explore the export mechanism of integrins into EVs, we performed immunoprecipitation mass spectrometry and identified members of the galectin family as potential shuttlers of integrin αvß1 into EVs. In particular, knockdown of galectin-3, but not galectin-1, causes a reduction in the levels of cell surface integrins ß1 and αv, and decreases the colocalization of these integrins with CD63. Importantly, knockdown of galectin-3 leads to a decrease of integrin αvß1 export into the EVs concomitant with a decrease in the metastatic potential of breast cancer cells. Moreover, inhibition of the integrin αvß1 complex leads to a reduction in the binding of EVs to fibronectin, suggesting that integrin αvß1 is important for EV retention in the extracellular matrix. EVs retained in the extracellular matrix are taken up by fibroblasts, which differentiate into cancer associated fibroblasts. In summary, our data indicate an important link between EV-bound integrin αvß1 with breast cancer metastasis and provide additional insights into the export of integrin αvß1 into EVs in the context of metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Vesículas Extracelulares , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , Feminino , Galectina 3 , Humanos , Integrina alfaV , Melanoma , Camundongos , Receptores de Vitronectina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Microambiente Tumoral
7.
Clin Nucl Med ; 47(9): e605-e606, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35930715

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Dysregulation of the cyclin D-CDK4/6-INK4-RB pathway, which leads to uncontrolled cell proliferation, is frequently observed in breast cancer. Recently, 3 CDK4/6 inhibitors have been FDA approved as first-line treatment for patients with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative advanced breast cancer. Despite promising clinical results, the metabolic response to treatment with these new drugs has not been elaborately demonstrated yet. Herein, we presented a patient with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative breast cancer who demonstrated a complete metabolic response on 18F-FDG PET/CT to treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor (ribociclib).


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/uso terapêutico , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/uso terapêutico , Ciclinas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptor ErbB-2
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 13487, 2022 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35931753

RESUMO

Psoralen derivatives are well known for their unique phototoxicity and also exhibits promising anti-breast cancer activity both in the presence and the absence of UVA irradiation. However, the structure-activity relationship on this scaffold remains lacking. Herein, a series of psoralen derivatives with various C-5 substituents were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro dark and light-activated cytotoxicity against three breast cancer cell lines: MDA-MB-231, T47-D, and SK-BR-3. The type of substituents dramatically impacted the activity, with the 4-bromobenzyl amide derivative (3c) exhibiting the highest dark cytotoxicity against T47-D (IC50 = 10.14 µM), with the activity comparable to those of the reference drugs (doxorubicin, 1.46 µM; tamoxifen citrate, 20.86 µM; lapatinib 9.78 µM). On the other hand, the furanylamide 3g exhibits the highest phototoxicity against SK-BR-3 cells with the IC50 of 2.71 µM, which is almost tenfold increase compared to the parent compound, methoxsalen. Moreover, these derivatives showed exceptional selectivity towards HER2+ (SK-BR-3) over the HER2- (MDA-MB-231) breast cancer cell lines, which correlates well with the results from the molecular docking study, revealing that 3g formed favorable interactions within the active site of the HER2. Additionally, the cell morphology of SK-BR-3 cells suggested that the significant phototoxicity was related to induction of cell apoptosis. Most of the synthesized psoralen derivatives possess acceptable physicochemical properties and are suitable for being further developed as a novel anti-breast cancer agent in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias da Mama , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Ficusina/farmacologia , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
9.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 9529114, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935587

RESUMO

Objective: To identify trastuzumab-resistant genes predicting drug response and poor prognosis in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 positive (HER2+) breast cancer. Methods: Gene expression profiles from the GEO (Gene Expression Omnibus) database were obtained and analyzed. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the pathological complete response (pCR) group and non-pCR group in a trastuzumab neoadjuvant therapy cohort and DEGs between Herceptin-resistant and wild-type cell lines were detected and evaluated. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways analyses were performed to select the functional hub genes. The hub genes' prognostic power was validated by another trastuzumab adjuvant treatment cohort. Results: Fifty upregulated overlapping DEGs were identified by analyzing two trastuzumab resistance-related GEO databases. Functional analysis picked out ten hub genes enriched in mitochondrial function and metabolism pathways: ASCL1, CPT2, DLD, ELVOL7, GAMT, NQO1, SLC23A1, SPR, UQCRB, and UQCRQ. These hub genes could distinguish patients with trastuzumab resistance from the sensitive ones. Further survival analysis of hub genes showed that DLD overexpression was significantly associated with an unfavorable prognosis in HER2+ breast cancer patients. Conclusion: Ten novel trastuzumab resistance-related genes were discovered, of which DLD could be used for trastuzumab response prediction and prognostic prediction in HER2+ breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Receptor ErbB-2 , Trastuzumab/farmacologia , Trastuzumab/uso terapêutico
10.
Front Immunol ; 13: 946468, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35935965

RESUMO

TP53, a gene with high-frequency mutations, plays an important role in breast cancer (BC) development through metabolic regulation, but the relationship between TP53 mutation and metabolism in BC remains to be explored. Our study included 1,066 BC samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, 415 BC cases from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, and two immunotherapy cohorts. We identified 92 metabolic genes associated with TP53 mutations by differential expression analysis between TP53 mutant and wild-type groups. Univariate Cox analysis was performed to evaluate the prognostic effects of 24 TP53 mutation-related metabolic genes. By unsupervised clustering and other bioinformatics methods, the survival differences and immunometabolism characteristics of the distinct clusters were illustrated. In a training set from TCGA cohort, we employed the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression method to construct a metabolic gene prognostic model associated with TP53 mutations, and the GEO cohort served as an external validation set. Based on bioinformatics, the connections between risk score and survival prognosis, tumor microenvironment (TME), immunotherapy response, metabolic activity, clinical characteristics, and gene characteristics were further analyzed. It is imperative to note that our model is a powerful and robust prognosis factor in comparison to other traditional clinical features and also has high accuracy and clinical usefulness validated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) and decision curve analysis (DCA). Our findings deepen our understanding of the immune and metabolic characteristics underlying the TP53 mutant metabolic gene profile in BC, laying a foundation for the exploration of potential therapies targeting metabolic pathways. In addition, our model has promising predictive value in the prognosis of BC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias da Mama , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
11.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 5215748, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35799892

RESUMO

Background: The discovery of noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) offers new options for cancer-targeted therapy. This study is aimed at exploring the regulatory function of LINC00092 on breast cancer (BC) oxidative stress and glycolysis, along with internal mechanism concerning pyruvate carboxylase (PC). Methods: Bioinformatics analysis was used to explore LINC00092 (or friend leukemia virus integration 1 (FLI1)) expression on BC progression, as well as oxidative stress and glycolysis in BC. After LINC00092 overexpression or silence, BC cell viability, proliferation, migration, invasion, oxidative stress, glycolysis, and AKT/mTOR pathway were detected. Following 2-DG, SC79, or MK2206 treatment, effects of LINC00092 on BC cells were measured. Moreover, regulatory activity of LINC00092 in PC expression was analyzed. Whether PC participated in the modulation of LINC00092 on BC cell functions was explored. Results: LINC00092 was lowly expressed in BC and negatively related to BC progression. FLI1 bound to LINC00092 promoter to positively modulate LINC00092. LINC00092 overexpression inhibited BC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, oxidative stress, glycolysis, and AKT/mTOR pathway and likewise suppressed BC growth in vivo. Silence of LINC00092 had opposite influences. 2-DG partially reversed the LINC00092 silence-resulted increase of BC cell proliferation. SC79 alleviated the function of LINC00092 overexpression on BC cell functions. MK2206 had the contrary influence of SC79. Besides, LINC00092 bound to PC to modulate ubiquitination degradation of PC protein. PC took part in the influences of LINC00092 on BC cell functions. Conclusions: LINC0092 modulates oxidative stress and glycolysis of BC cells via the PC-mediated AKT/mTOR pathway, which is possibly a target for BC diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Glicólise , Humanos , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Piruvato Carboxilase/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(13)2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35806196

RESUMO

Vascular and lymphatic vessels drive breast cancer (BC) growth and metastasis. We assessed the cell growth (proliferation, migration, and capillary formation), gene-, and protein-expression profiles of Vascular Endothelial Cells (VECs) and Lymphatic Endothelial Cells (LECs) exposed to a conditioned medium (CM) from estrogen receptor-positive BC cells (MCF-7) in the presence or absence of Estradiol. We demonstrated that MCF-7-CM stimulated growth and capillary formation in VECs but inhibited LEC growth. Consistently, MCF-7-CM induced ERK1/2 and Akt phosphorylation in VECs and inhibited them in LECs. Gene expression analysis revealed that the LECs were overall (≈10-fold) more sensitive to MCF-7-CM exposure than VECs. Growth/angiogenesis and cell cycle pathways were upregulated in VECs but downregulated in LECs. An angiogenesis proteome array confirmed the upregulation of 23 pro-angiogenesis proteins in VECs. In LECs, the expression of genes related to ATP synthesis and the ATP content were reduced by MCF-7-CM, whereas MTHFD2 gene, involved in folate metabolism and immune evasion, was upregulated. The contrasting effect of MCF-7-CM on the growth of VECs and LECs was reversed by inhibiting the TGF-ß signaling pathway. The effect of MCF-7-CM on VEC growth was also reversed by inhibiting the VEGF signaling pathway. In conclusion, BC secretome may facilitate cancer cell survival and tumor growth by simultaneously promoting vascular angiogenesis and inhibiting lymphatic growth. The differential effects of BC secretome on LECs and VECs may be of pathophysiological relevance in BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Células Endoteliais , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Linfangiogênese/genética , Células MCF-7 , Neovascularização Patológica/metabolismo , Secretoma , Transcriptoma
13.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 310, 2022 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is one of the most common malignant tumors with the highest mortality in the world. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Syringin has an inhibitory effect on many tumors, but its anti-BC efficacy and mechanism are still unclear. METHODS: First, Syringin was isolated from Acanthopanax senticosus (Rupr. & Maxim.) Harms (ASH) by systematic solvent extraction and silica gel chromatography column. The plant name is composed of genus epithet, species additive words and the persons' name who give its name. Then, the hub targets of Syringin against BC were revealed by bioinformatics. To provide a more experimental basis for later research, the hub genes which could be candidate biomarkers of BC and a ceRNA network related to them were obtained. And the potential mechanism of Syringin against BC was proved in vitro experiments. RESULTS: Syringin was obtained by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Bioinformatics results showed that MAP2K1, PIK3CA, HRAS, EGFR, Caspase3, and PTGS2 were the hub targets of Syringin against BC. And PIK3CA and HRAS were related to the survival and prognosis of BC patients, the PIK3CA-hsa-mir-139-5p-LINC01278 and PIK3CA-hsa-mir-375 pathways might be closely related to the mechanism of Syringin against BC. In vitro experiments confirmed that Syringin inhibited the proliferation and migration and promoted apoptosis of BC cells through the above hub targets. CONCLUSIONS: Syringin against BC via PI3K-AKT-PTGS2 and EGFR-RAS-RAF-MEK-ERK pathways, and PIK3CA and HRAS are hub genes for adjuvant treatment of BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Glucosídeos , MicroRNAs , Fenilpropionatos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fenilpropionatos/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases raf/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
14.
Mil Med Res ; 9(1): 39, 2022 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820970

RESUMO

Overexpression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) occurs in approximately 15-20% of breast cancer cases. HER2 is a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family with tyrosinase kinase activity, and its overexpression is linked to poor prognosis and shorter progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Among various treatment options, HER2-targeting monoclonal antibodies and tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have mostly been applied in recent decades to treat HER2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer patients. Although positive clinical outcomes were documented in both advanced disease and neoadjuvant settings, the development of resistance mechanisms to such approaches has been one of the major challenges with the continuous usage of these drugs. In addition, patients who experience disease progression after treatment with multiple HER2-targeted therapies often have limited treatment options. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently approved a new TKI (i.e., tucatinib) for use in combination with immunotherapy and/or chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of advanced-stage/metastatic HER2+ breast cancer. This review highlights recent updates on the efficacy of tucatinib-based therapeutic approaches in experimental models as well as in the clinical settings of HER2+ breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Oxazóis , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Quinazolinas/uso terapêutico , Estados Unidos
15.
Med Oncol ; 39(10): 149, 2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35834030

RESUMO

Breast cancer is categorized at the molecular level according to the status of certain hormone and growth factor receptors, and this classification forms the basis of current diagnosis and treatment. The development of resistance to treatment and recurrence of the disease have led researchers to develop new therapies. In recent years, most of the research in the field of oncology has focused on the development of targeted therapies, which are treatment methods developed directly against molecular abnormalities. Promising advances have been made in clinical trials investigating the effect of these new treatment modalities and their combinations with existing therapeutic treatments in the treatment of breast cancer. Monoclonal antibodies, tyrosine kinase inhibitors, antibody-drug conjugates, PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway inhibitors, cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors, anti-angiogenic drugs, PARP inhibitors are among the targeted therapies used in breast cancer treatment. In this review, we aim to present a molecular view of recently approved target agents used in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
16.
Anticancer Res ; 42(7): 3445-3452, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790271

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Copine 1 (CPNE1) is a calciumdependent phospholipid protein that has been shown to regulate the AKT serine/threonine kinase 1 (AKT) signaling pathway to mediate its function in various cell types. However, little is known about the physiological function of this protein in breast cancer cells. We aimed to investigate the prognostic and therapeutic value of CPNE1 in erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 2 [human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)]-positive and luminal A subtypes of breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blotting, cell viability, wound-healing and invasion assays were performed on SK-BR3 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells with forced overexpression of CPNE1. CPNE1 immunohistochemical (IHC) staining and bioinformatics analysis were performed on specimens from patients with breast cancer and compared to normal breast samples. RESULTS: CPNE1 overexpression promoted AKT activation, and increased cell viability and cell motility in SK-BR3 and MCF-7 breast cancer cells. In addition, invasive capabilities of SK-BR3 cells were increased by the overexpression of CPNE1. The expression levels of CPNE1 were higher in HER2-positive and luminal A subtypes of human breast cancer tissues compared with those in adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, CPNE1 expression was increased in RNA microarray analysis of samples from patients with breast cancer compared to normal breast samples. CONCLUSION: CPNE1 may play a key role in the pathophysiology of HER2-positive and luminal A subtypes of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ativação Transcricional , Regulação para Cima
17.
Anticancer Res ; 42(7): 3299-3312, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35790283

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: p62 (also known as sequestosome 1) is involved in cancer progression, and high expression of p62 indicates poor clinical outcome in several cancer types. However, the association between p62 gene expression and cancer stem cells (CSCs) in breast cancer subtypes remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, genomic datasets of primary breast cancer (The Cancer Genome Atlas, n=593; and Molecular Taxonomy of Breast Cancer International Consortium, n=2,509) were downloaded. p62 Expression was then examined in normal and breast cancer tissues derived from the same patients. Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox regression analyses were employed to evaluate disease-specific survival. Next, the effect on cell viability and in vitro tumor-sphere formation of p62 knockdown using targeted small interfering RNA was assessed by using cells with high activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1high). RESULTS: Patients with normal-like, luminal A or luminal B breast cancer with p62high had poor prognosis. Furthermore, patients with p62high ALDH1A3high luminal B type also exhibited poor prognoses. Knockdown of p62 suppressed viability and tumor-sphere formation by ALDH1high cells of the luminal B-type cell lines BT-474 and MDA-MB-361. These results suggest that p62 is essential for cancerous progression of ALDH1-positive luminal B breast CSCs, and contributes to poor prognosis of luminal B breast cancer. CONCLUSION: p62 is potentially a prognostic marker and therapeutic target for ALDH1-positive luminal B breast CSCs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Família Aldeído Desidrogenase 1 , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Retinal Desidrogenase/metabolismo
18.
Biomolecules ; 12(7)2022 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35883472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen-adapted MCF-7-Tam cells represent an in-vitro model for acquired tamoxifen resistance, which is still a problem in clinics. We here investigated the correlation of microRNA-, mRNA- and eukaryotic initiation factors (eIFs) expression in this model. METHODS: MicroRNA- and gene expression were analyzed by nCounter and qRT-PCR technology; eIFs by Western blotting. Protein translation mode was determined using a reporter gene assay. Cells were transfected with a miR-1972-mimic. RESULTS: miR-181b-5p,-3p and miR-455-5p were up-, miR-375, and miR-1972 down-regulated and are significant in survival analysis. About 5% of the predicted target genes were significantly altered. Pathway enrichment analysis suggested a contribution of the FoxO1 pathway. The ratio of polio-IRES driven to cap-dependent protein translation shifted towards cap-dependent initiation. Protein expression of eIF2A, -4G, -4H and -6 decreased, whereas eIF3H was higher in MCF-7-Tam. Significant correlations between tamoxifen-regulated miRNAs and eIFs were found in representative breast cancer cell lines. Transfection with a miR-1972-mimic reverses tamoxifen-induced expression for a subset of genes and increased proliferation in MCF-7, but reduced proliferation in MCF-7-Tam, especially in the presence of 4OH-tamoxifen. Migration was inhibited in MCF-7-Tam cells. Translation mode remained unaffected. CONCLUSIONS: miR-1972 contributes to the orchestration of gene-expression and physiological consequences of tamoxifen adaption.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , MicroRNAs , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Hormonais/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Tamoxifeno/farmacologia , Tamoxifeno/uso terapêutico
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(14)2022 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35886868

RESUMO

Polyamine levels decrease with menopause; however, little is known about the mechanisms regulated by menopause. In this study, we found that among the genes involved in the polyamine pathway, polyamine oxidase (PAOX) mRNA levels were the most significantly reduced by treatment with 17ß-estradiol in estrogen receptor (ESR)-positive MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Treatment with 17ß-estradiol also reduced the PAOX protein levels. Treatment with selective ESR antagonists and knockdown of ESR members revealed that estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2; also known as ERß) was responsible for the repression of PAOX by 17ß-estradiol. A luciferase reporter assay showed that 17ß-estradiol downregulates PAOX promoter activity and that 17ß-estradiol-dependent PAOX repression disappeared after deletions (-3126/-2730 and -1271/-1099 regions) or mutations of activator protein 1 (AP-1) binding sites in the PAOX promoter. Chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis showed that ESR2 interacts with AP-1 bound to each of the two AP-1 binding sites. These results demonstrate that 17ß-estradiol represses PAOX transcription by the interaction of ESR2 with AP-1 bound to the PAOX promoter. This suggests that estrogen deficiency may upregulate PAOX expression and decrease polyamine levels.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Receptor beta de Estrogênio , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-NH , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Estradiol/metabolismo , Estradiol/farmacologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Receptor beta de Estrogênio/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Células MCF-7/metabolismo , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-NH/genética , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-NH/metabolismo , Poliaminas , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/genética
20.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 5299218, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35898781

RESUMO

Objective. To investigate the antiproliferative efficacy of quercetin on breast cell lines and its mechanism of ferroptosis regulation. Cells (MCF-7 and MDA-231) were treated with quercetin at 0.1, 1, and 10 µM, respectively. The cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay was applied to assess cell viability, and the intracellular iron level, malondialdehyde (MDA), and carbonylated protein were measured. After treating the cells with quercetin, western blot was applied to determine the level of transcription factor EB (TFEB) and lysosomal-associated membrane protein 1 (LAMP-1) in cells. Meanwhile, western blot was performed to assess the nuclear translocation of TFEB protein in cells. TFEB siRNA and autophagy lysosomal inhibitor, chloroquine, were used to block ferroptosis induced by quercetin. Quercetin induced breast cancer cell death and upregulated the level of iron, MDA, and carbonyl protein in a concentration-dependent manner. Meanwhile, TFEB was highly expressed in the nucleus and lowly expressed in the cytoplasm. The high expression of TFEB promoted the expression of lysosome-related gene LAMP-1, which in turn promoted the degradation of ferritin and the release of ferric ions. The above pharmacodynamic effects of quercetin can be blocked by TFEB siRNA or chloroquine. Quercetin promotes TFEB expression and nuclear transcription, induces the onset of iron death, and thus exerts a pharmacological effect on killing breast cancer cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Ferroptose , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Cloroquina/metabolismo , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/metabolismo , Ferritinas/farmacologia , Humanos , Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/farmacologia , Lisossomos/genética , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Quercetina/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia
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