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1.
Urologiia ; (4): 79-83, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the survival rate of patients without biochemical recurrence according to the Stuttgart and Phoenix criteria in terms of their correlation with four different PSA nadir values as predictors of clinical recurrence in patients with localized prostate cancer who underwent total HIFU prostate ablation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The object of the study was patients with morphologically proven localized RP by biopsy results, who were treated with prostate cancer by HIFU ablation on the Ablatherm Integrated Imaging apparatus (EDAP TMS, France). The study included 658 patients in whom HIFU ablation was used as primary treatment of localized prostate cancer (stages T1 - T2) without previous use of other methods (hormonal, radiation therapy) For the analysis, a continuous sample of patients was selected, which were divided into four groups depending on the PSA nadir level: less or equal 0.2 ng / ml (1 group), 0.21-0.5 ng / ml (group 2), 0.51-1 ng / ml (group 3) and> 1 ng / ml (group 4). sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, and 5-year biochemical relapse-free survival according to the Stuttgart definition and the Phoenix definition in the PSA nadir groups. RESULTS: The median (range) of the observation period for the patients was 5.3 (3-7) years, the mean time to reaching PSA nadir was 14.5+/-2.6 weeks. PSA nadirs less or equal 0.2, 0.21-0.5, 0.51-1.0 and > 1 ng/ml were achieved in 231 (35.1%), 132 (20.0%), 105 (15, 9%) and 190 (28.8%) patients, respectively. Survival without biochemical relapse in accordance with the Stuttgart definition in the four groups allocated for the PSA nadir was 82, 65, 43 and 32%, respectively (p<0.001), according to the Phoenix definition - 94, 74, 66 and 47% (p<0.001) respectively. According to the results of the control biopsy, 601 (91.3%) patients in the 1st and 2nd groups had a negative oncological status (approximately 85%). CONCLUSION: This study confirms that PSA nadir after HIFU ablation predicts biochemical recurrence-free survival and is a reliable marker that is easy to integrate into routine clinical practice.


Assuntos
Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Ultrassom Focalizado Transretal de Alta Intensidade , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 87, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876300

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To estimate the magnitude and identify patterns of change in prostate cancer mortality in the state of São Paulo and in the 17 regional health care networks, according to age groups from 50 years onwards, in the period between 2000 to 2015. METHODS Age-adjusted mortality rates (per 100,000 men) were calculated by the direct method using the Segi world population as standard. Joinpoint regression was used to calculate the average annual percent change (AAPC), with a confidence interval of 95% (95%CI), by regional network and age group (50-59, 60-69, 70-79 and 80 years or more). RESULTS For the state of São Paulo, age-adjusted mortality rates were 15.2, 13.3 and 11.9 per 100,000 men, respectively, in the periods between 2000 to 2005, 2006 to 2010 and 2011 to 2015, with a significant decrease trend (AAPC = -2.10%; 95%CI -2.42 - -1.79) each year. Among the 17 networks, 11 presented significant mean annual reductions, ranging from -1.72% to -3.05%. From the age of 50 onwards, there was a sharper reduction in the groups from 50 to 59 (AAPC = -2.33%; 95%CI -3.04 - -1.62) and 60 to 69 years (AAPC = -2.84%; 95%CI - 3.25 - -2.43). CONCLUSION Although reductions in mortality are still slight, they indicate progress in prostate cancer control actions. Screening actions and changes in therapeutic behaviors in recent decades may be modifying incidence and survival, resulting in changes in the mortality profile. More detailed studies will be useful in understanding the factors that lead to the interregional variations found.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Meio Ambiente , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
6.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 66(3): 287-301, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876551

RESUMO

Objectives: The study examines body image of male cancer patients and their female partners as well as factors influencing body image. Methods: N = 73 heterosexual couples in which the male partner was diagnosed with prostate (PC; n = 52) or laryngeal cancer (LC; n = 21) completed questionnaires on body image acceptance (Self Image Scale), relationship satisfaction (Quality of Marriage Questionnaire), and cancer-related distress (Questionnaire on Stress in Cancer Patients). The body image was assessed from two perspectives: self-acceptance (which measures a person's satisfaction or acceptance of the body) and partner-acceptance (which assesses a person's perception of the partners' appraisals of the body). Results: No differences occurred in body image acceptance between men with PC or LC. Patients with PC rated the perceived partner-acceptance lower than did their female partners. In couples with LC, women rated the self-acceptance of their partners higher than did the patients themselves. Multiple regression analysis revealed that for survivors of PC, cancer-related distress, relationship satisfaction and partner-acceptance emerged as significant predictors of self-acceptance. The only significant predictor of partner-acceptance was men's self-acceptance. Conclusions: The dissatisfaction with physical appearance is found in PK and LK patients and seems to persist for a long time. Impairment of patients' body image should be identified and addressed to prevent the negative effects on psychosocial stress for patients and relationship satisfaction.


Assuntos
Imagem Corporal , Neoplasias Laríngeas/psicologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/psicologia , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal
7.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 66(8): 251-257, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882121

RESUMO

The clinical outcome of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) was retrospectively investigated taking into consideration the surgeon's position during the procedure. The study cohort included 184 consecutive patients who had undergone LRP performed by a single surgeon from February 2013 to July 2018. During the study period,the surgeon stood alternately on either the left or right side of the patient. The D'Amico risk classification was low,intermediate and high in 26 (14.1%),45 (24.5%) and 113 (61.4%) patients,respectively. Mean surgical duration was 203.5 minutes and mean estimated blood loss was 437.6 ml. Nerve sparing (NS) was implemented in 82 (44. 6%) patients. The mean period of having an indwelling urethral catheter was 5. 0 days. Perioperative Clavien-Dindo degree ≥IIIa complications occurred in three (1.6%) patients. Except for cases with presurgical hormonal treatment,surgical margins were positive in 41 (22.3%) patients,among whom 23 (17.4%) had pT2 disease. The 5-year biochemical recurrence-free survival rate was 81.4%,and 84.8% of patients regained urinary continence at 12 months after surgery. Where the surgeon stood during LRP was not associated with significant differences in any parameter. However,the margin positive rate was higher on the side away from where the surgeon stood than the side closer to the surgeon (70.7% vs 29.3%). In conclusion,the position of the surgeon during LRP does not influence the outcome.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Hinyokika Kiyo ; 66(8): 273-277, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882125

RESUMO

A 70-year-old man visited a private hospital with the chief complaint of right lower limb pain. Fluorodeoxyglucose-emission tomography (FDG-PET) showed abnormal uptake in the pubic bone, right femur, and ascending colon. The patient was referred to our hospital for further evaluation. The following tumor marker levels were found : prostate-specific antigen (PSA) 20.57 ng/ml, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) 108.5 ng/ml, carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) 1,002.1 U/ml. An open pubic bone biopsy was performed. The pathological diagnosis was metastatic adenocarcinoma from prostate cancer. Prostate and ascending colon cancers were clinically diagnosed as T2bN0M1b and T2N0M0, respectively. Laparoscopic colectomy was performed. Androgen deprivation therapy started immediately and the serum PSA level was maintained at <0.2 ng/ml during the follow-up period. However, the CEA and CA19-9 were higher than the normal level 2 years after the surgery. In addition, the FDG-PET revealed abnormal uptake in the pubic bone. Thus, a pubic bone biopsy was performed again. The histological diagnosis was metastatic adenocarcinoma from the ascending colon cancer. Although the patient received combination chemotherapy, he died of colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Antagonistas de Androgênios , Colo Ascendente , Humanos , Masculino , Osso Púbico
10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4153, 2020 08 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814769

RESUMO

The histone methyltransferase DOT1L methylates lysine 79 (K79) on histone H3 and is involved in Mixed Lineage Leukemia (MLL) fusion leukemogenesis; however, its role in prostate cancer (PCa) is undefined. Here we show that DOT1L is overexpressed in PCa and is associated with poor outcome. Genetic and chemical inhibition of DOT1L selectively impaired the viability of androgen receptor (AR)-positive PCa cells and organoids, including castration-resistant and enzalutamide-resistant cells. The sensitivity of AR-positive cells is due to a distal K79 methylation-marked enhancer in the MYC gene bound by AR and DOT1L not present in AR-negative cells. DOT1L inhibition leads to reduced MYC expression and upregulation of MYC-regulated E3 ubiquitin ligases HECTD4 and MYCBP2, which promote AR and MYC degradation. This leads to further repression of MYC in a negative feed forward manner. Thus DOT1L selectively regulates the tumorigenicity of AR-positive prostate cancer cells and is a promising therapeutic target for PCa.


Assuntos
Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Adenosina/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos SCID , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Terapêutica com RNAi/métodos , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto/métodos
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21642, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846773

RESUMO

Currently, the standard management for locally advanced prostate cancer (PCa) is still controversial. In our study, we aimed to compare the survival outcomes of radical prostatectomy (RP) versus external beam radiotherapy (EBRT).We conducted analyses with a large cohort of 38,544 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2016). Propensity score matching, Kaplan-Meier method, and Cox proportional hazard regression were used to reduce the influence of bias and compare the overall survival (OS) and cancer specific survival (CSS). Several different sensitivity analyses including inverse probability of treatment weighting and standardized mortality ratio weighting were used to verify the robustness of the results.Totally, 33,388 men received RP and 5,156 men received EBRT with cT3-4N0M0 PCa were included in this study. According to the Kaplan-Meier curves, RP performed better in both OS and CSS compared with EBRT (P < .0001). In the adjusted multivariate Cox regression, RP also showed better OS and CSS benefits (OS: HR=0.50; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.46-0.54; P < .0001 and CSS: HR=0.43; 95% CI: 0.38-0.49; P < .0001). After propensity score matching, RP is still the management that can bring more survival benefits to patients. (OS: HR=0.46; 95% CI: 0.41-0.51; P < .0001 and CSS: HR = 0.41; 95% CI: 0.34-0.48; P < .0001).Our research demonstrated the significantly better survival benefits of RP over EBRT in patients with locally advanced PCa. The results of this study will provide more evidence to help clinicians choose appropriate treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Radioterapia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3793, 2020 07 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732981

RESUMO

Reproducible research is the bedrock of experimental science. To enable the deployment of large-scale proteomics, we assess the reproducibility of mass spectrometry (MS) over time and across instruments and develop computational methods for improving quantitative accuracy. We perform 1560 data independent acquisition (DIA)-MS runs of eight samples containing known proportions of ovarian and prostate cancer tissue and yeast, or control HEK293T cells. Replicates are run on six mass spectrometers operating continuously with varying maintenance schedules over four months, interspersed with ~5000 other runs. We utilise negative controls and replicates to remove unwanted variation and enhance biological signal, outperforming existing methods. We also design a method for reducing missing values. Integrating these computational modules into a pipeline (ProNorM), we mitigate variation among instruments over time and accurately predict tissue proportions. We demonstrate how to improve the quantitative analysis of large-scale DIA-MS data, providing a pathway toward clinical proteomics.


Assuntos
Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Proteoma/análise , Proteômica/métodos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Neoplasias da Próstata , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
13.
J Immunother Cancer ; 8(2)2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788235

RESUMO

To report a multi-institutional case series of patients with advanced microsatellite instability high (MSI-H) prostate adenocarcinoma identified with clinical cell-free DNA (cfDNA) next-generation sequencing (NGS) testing and treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Retrospective analysis of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) and MSI-H tumor detected by a commercially available cfDNA NGS assay Guardant360 (G360, Guardant Health) at eight different Academic Institutions in the USA, from September 2018 to April 2020. From a total of 14 MSI-H metastatic prostate cancer patients at participating centers, nine patients with mCRPC with 56% bone, 33% nodal, 11% liver and 11% soft-tissue metastases and a median PSA of 29.3 ng/dL, were treated with pembrolizumab after 2 lines of therapy for CRPC. The estimated median time on pembrolizumab was 9.9 (95% CI 1.0 to 18.8) months. Four patients (44%) achieved PSA50 after a median of 4 (3-12) weeks after treatment initiation including three patients with >99% PSA decline. Among the patients evaluable for radiographic response (n=5), the response rate was 60% with one complete response and two partial responses. Best response was observed after a median of 3.3 (1.4-7.6) months. At time of cut-off, four patients were still on pembrolizumab while four patients discontinued therapy due to progressive disease and one due to COVID-19 infection. Half of the patients with PSA50 had both MSI-H and pathogenic alterations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 in their G360 assays. The use of liquid biopsy to identify metastatic prostate cancer patients with MSI-H is feasible in clinical practice and may overcome some of the obstacles associated with prostate cancer tumor tissue testing. The robust activity of pembrolizumab in selected patients supports the generalized testing for MSI-H.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Proteína BRCA1/genética , Proteína BRCA2/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
14.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(8): 652-659, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734728

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The benefits of early administration of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) following radical prostatectomy (RP) are controversial. We investigated the impact of early versus delayed ADT on survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received radiation therapy (RT) following RP and later developed distant metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 69 patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received RT following RP and later developed distant metastasis between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients were stratified according to the level of PSA at which ADT was administered (<2 ng/mL vs. ≥2 ng/mL). Study endpoints were progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS). RESULTS: Patients were stratified according to the criteria of 2 ng/mL of PSA at which ADT was administered, based on the Youden sensitivity analysis. Delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL was an independent prognosticator of cancer-specific mortality (p=0.047), and a marginally significant prognosticator of progression to CRPC (p=0.051). During the median follow-up of 81.0 (interquartile range 54.2-115.7) months, patients who received early ADT at PSA <2 ng/mL had significantly higher CSS rates compared to patients who received delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL (p=0.002). Progression to CRPC-free survival was comparable between the two groups (p=0.331). CONCLUSION: Early ADT at the PSA level of less than 2 ng/mL confers CSS benefits in patients with localized or locally advanced PCa who were previously treated with RP.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/uso terapêutico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/metabolismo , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 621-624, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and pathologic characteristics, diagnosis, treatment, prognosis and survival of prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential. METHODS: Overall 14 patients with prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential were treated from October 2008 to April 2020, the patient age ranged from 27 to 78 years (mean 54 years). The disease duration was 1 to 180 months (mean duration of 46 months). The clinical manifestations mainly included urinary obstructive symptoms and urethral irritating symptoms. The tumors were located in the peripheral zone or the transition zone. Digital rectum examination indicated prostatic tumor. Serum prostatic specific antigen level was always normal or elevated. Transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging indicated prostatic tumor. Magnetic resonance imaging in showed large, round, well-defined masses, which were diffusely heterogeneous signal on T2 weighted imaging. Following the administration of intravenous contrast medium, the lesion had diffuse and heterogeneous enhancement. RESULTS: In the study, 3 cases underwent prostate biopsy, 2 cases underwent transurethral resection of the prostate, 9 cases underwent radical excision or transurethral resection of the prostate with definite diagnosis of pathologic features. Under the light microscope, the interstitial cells of stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential were overgrowth and fusiform cells showed some degree of pleomorphism, nuclei with few mitotic figures, and necrosis was not often seen. Immunohistochemical staining showed that prostate specific antigen was negative, while vimentin was positive in the tumor tissue, CD34, progesterone receptor and smooth muscle actin were positive in the majority, and Ki67 positive index was 1%-20% (mean 6%). Twelve cases were followed-up, and the time of survival varied from 10 to 96 months (mean 65 months), two cases were lost to the follow-up, one case died of disease at the end of 10 months, nine cases were free of disease recurrence after surgery, two cases underwent more transurethral resection of the prostate due to local recurrence. CONCLUSION: STUMP is a very rare tumor of the specialized prostatic stroma with an unpredictable clinical behavior. The clinical manifestations, transrectal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are valuable for the diagnosis of prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential. Its definite diagnosis depends on pathological examination. Up to now, early surgery and combined therapy are effective treatments for prostatic stromal tumor of uncertain malignant potential.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 625-631, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of prostate cancer patients undertaking radical prostatectomy with single positive core biopsy, and to optimize the rational choice of therapeutic strategy. METHODS: In the study, 53 patients with single positive core prostate biopsy and treated by radical prostatectomy from January 2010 to December 2018, were analyzed retrospectively. The mean age was (69.7±6.9) years (54-81 years), the mean prostate specific antigen (PSA) level was (9.70±5.24) µg/L (1.69-25.69 µg/L), and the mean prostate volume was (50.70±28.39) mL (12.41-171.92 mL). Thirty-nine out of 54 (73.6%) patients presented Gleason score with 6, 11 patients (20.8%) had Gleason score of 7 and 3 patients (5.7%) showed Gleason score ≥8. For clinical stages, 6 out of the 53 patients (11.3%) had prostate cancer in cT1, 44 cases (83.0%) had prostate cancer in cT2, and 3 cases (5.7%) in cT3.The patients were divided into subgroups according to age, preoperative PSA level, Gleason score, percentage of tumor in single needle tissue and clinical stage, and the differences of their clinicopathological characteristics were compared. RESULTS: Postoperative Gleason score of 6, 7 and ≥8 were found in 20 cases (37.7%), 21 cases (39.6%) and 10 cases (18.9%) respectively, another 2 cases (3.8%) were pT0 prostate cancer; pathological stages of T0, T2a, T2b, T2c and T3 were found in 2 cases (3.8%), 9 cases (17.0%), 2 cases (3.8%), 29 cases (54.7%) and 11 cases (20.8%) respectively; 11 cases (20.8%) had positive surgical margin, 10 cases (18.9%) had extracapsular invasion of prostate, and 1 case (1.9%) showed seminal vesicle invasion. Forty-two cases (79.2%) had multifocal lesions and 37 cases (69.8%) presented bilateral lesion. Compared with the biopsy Gleason score, the postoperative Gleason score was downgrated in 3 cases (5.7%), unchanged in 28 cases (52.8%), and upgraded in 20 cases (37.7%), of which 2 cases (3.8%) were pT0. Compared with the clinical stage, the postoperative pathological stage decreased in 2 cases (3.8%), unchanged in 10 cases (18.9%), and upgraded in 41 cases (77.4%). According to the postoperative pathology, the patients were divided into two groups: microfocus cancer group (n=8) and non-microfocus cancer group (n=45). The difference between the two groups in the percentage of tumor in the single-needle tissue ≤5% was statistically significant (P=0.014). Other parameter diffe-rences including age, prostate volume, and preoperative prostate special antigen density (PSAD) and Gleason scores were not statistically significant (P>0.05). The method to determine the location of cancer at the apex of prostate according to biopsy results showed 41.4% (12/29) false negative rate and 50.0% (12/24) false positive rate. There was statistically significant difference between the actual cases of lymph node dissection and reserved nerve and the cases of scheme selection in theory according to the postoperative pathology (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The proportion of single needle cancer tissue less than or equal to 5% is a predictor of prostate microfocal cancer. 37.7% cases had pathological upgrading and 77.4% cases had pathological staging upgrading. When choosing the operation scheme, such as sexual nerve reserved, lymph node dissection and apex operation skill, it is necessary to comprehensively analyze multiple factors, such as tumor risk classification, prediction factors of nomogram, multi-parameter MRI and intraoperative situation and so on.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia por Agulha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Antígeno Prostático Específico , Prostatectomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(4): 688-691, 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773802

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the training mode of individual urine volume control, to take indi-vidual expected urine volume as the goal of bladder control in patients with urinary system tumors, and to improve the accuracy of bladder control during radiotherapy by active training of bladder receptivity. METHODS: Twenty-five patients of urinary system tumors were enrolled from May 2019 to September 2019, of whom, 21 patients had prostate cancer, and 4 had bladder cancer. Training of bladder filling started before CT simulation. The patients were required to take the individual bladder filling as the training goal, and the optimal bladder volume range was suggested to be 200-400 mL. After 2-4 weeks of training, the prescribed volume of the bladder was determined according to the patient's bladder receptivity. The volume of the bladder was measured by images of plain CT and images 8-minutes after intravenous contrast injection. The patient's bladder volume was measured using BladderScan before treatment. CBCT (Cone-beam CT) was performed, and bladder volume was measured before treatment. The bladder volume was measured again using BladderScan after treatment. RESULTS: The mean bladder volume of simulation (VCT01) was (262±130) mL, ranging from 78 mL to 505 mL. The mean self-evaluation bladder volume before radiotherapy (VEVA01) was (238±107) mL, ranging from 100 mL to 400 mL. The mean BladderScan measured volume before radiotherapy (VBVI01) was (253±123) mL, ranging from 60 mL to 476 mL. The mean cone-beam CT measured volume before radiotherapy (VCBCT) was (270±120) mL, ranging from 104 mL to 513 mL. There was a correlation between VEVA01 and VBVI01, VCT01 and VBVI01, VCT01, and VBVI01, and there was no significant difference in paired t-test. There was a correlation between differences of self-evaluation bladder volume before radiotherapy(VEVA01) and simulation CT (VCT01) and differences of self-evaluation bladder volume before radiotherapy (VEVA01) and cone-beam CT (VCBCT), and there was no significant difference in paired samples by t-test. CONCLUSION: During radiotherapy for urinary system tumors, such as prostate cancer and bladder cancer, with the assistance of BladderScan, the patients could try to hold their urine moderately according to their conditions, and individualized bladder prescription may be beneficial to achieve stable bladder volume during radiotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Humanos , Masculino , Planejamento da Radioterapia Assistida por Computador , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/radioterapia
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21158, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664150

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a highly aggressive malignant tumor and the biological mechanisms underlying its progression remain unclear.We performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis in PCa dataset from the Cancer Genome Atlas database to identify the key module and key genes related to the progression of PCa. Furthermore, another independent datasets were used to validate our findings.A total of 744 differentially expressed genes were screened out and 5 modules were identified for PCa samples from the Cancer Genome Atlas database. We found the brown module was the key module and related to tumor grade (R2 = 0.52) and tumor invasion depth (R2 = 0.39). Besides, 24 candidate hub genes were screened out and 2 genes (BIRC5 and DEPDC1B) were identified and validated as real hub genes that associated with the progression and prognosis of PCa. Moreover, the biological roles of BIRC5 were related to G-protein coupled receptor signal pathway, and the functions of DEPDC1B were related to the G-protein coupled receptor signal pathway and retinol metabolism in PCa.Taken together, we identified 1 module, 24 candidate hub genes and 2 real hub genes, which were prominently associated with PCa progression. With more experiments and clinical trials, these genes may provide a promising future for PCa treatment.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Progressão da Doença , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21160, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664151

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the correlation between xeroderma pigmentosumcomplementation group C (XPC) variants and prostate adenocarcinoma (PA) risk. Nevertheless, research findings remain inconclusive. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis to obtain a more accurate estimation of the relationship on XPC exon15 Lys939Gln polymorphism with susceptibility to PA. Moreover, in silico tools were employed to investigate the effect of XPC expression on PA patients' survival time. RESULTS: A total of 4306 patients and 4779 control subjects were assessed. The overall results indicated that XPC Lys939Gln variant was associated with PA risk (recessive genetic model: odds ratio = 1.15, 95% confidence interval = 1.02-1.30, Pheterogeneity= .044, P = .021, I= 45.2), especially in Asian descendants. Population-based studies revealed similar results (odds ratio = 1.15, 95% confidence interval = 1.01-1.32, Pheterogeneity= .146, P = .040, I = 39.0). In silico tools showed that XPC expression in Caucasian patients was lower than in the normal group. No positive association was observed in African patients. PA subjects with high XPC expression had a longer overall survival time than low expression group. CONCLUSION: Our findings indicated that XPC Lys939Gln variant might contribute to increased PA susceptibility, especially for Asian patients.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Éxons/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e21180, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664160

RESUMO

The association between sleep duration and prostate cancer (PCa) risk is still unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore if sleep duration is associated with PCa in men.A comprehensive literature search was conducted in November 2019 based on the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases. After extracting the data, the random effects model was used to calculate the pooled Risk Ratio (RR) and it's 95% confidence interval (CI) to represent the correlation between sleep duration and PCa risk.Overall, we included 6 studies in our meta-analysis. Our pooled results showed that neither short sleep (RR = 0.99; 95%CI:0.91-1.07, P = .74) nor long sleep (RR = 0.88; 95%CI:0.75-1.04, P = .15) was associated with the risk of PCa.Sleep duration has no significant effect on PCa risk. Long sleep may have a potential protective effect on PCa incidence.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/etiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações , Sono , Fatores de Tempo , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances
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