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1.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 88, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596321

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of sociodemographic, reproductive, clinical and lifestyle habits in the cohort of women diagnosed with cervical cancer, assisted at Inca between 2012 and 2014, according to the histological type. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of a hospital cohort of 1,004 women diagnosed with cervical cancer. Data were obtained from the Inca hospital cancer registry, physical and electronic records. RESULTS: The most frequent histological type was squamous cell carcinoma (83.9%). Approximately 70% of the women aged more than 40 years. The study includes non-white women (67.4%), with less than 8 years of education (51.9%), with onset of sexual activity up to 16 years of age (40.7%), who were pregnant before (95.5%), with more than one pregnancy (82.9%), and more than two children (52.7%); 45.8% of the women were smokers or former smokers. Cervical adenocarcinoma was positively associated with earlier staging (IA-IIA) (OR = 1.79; 95%CI 1.03-3.13), as well as women with ≥ 12 years of education (OR = 6.30; 95%CI 1.97-20,13), who had no children (OR = 3.81; 95%CI 1.20 - 12,08) or who had up to two children (OR = 1.74; 95%CI 1.05 - 2,87). CONCLUSIONS: The difference between histological types is highlighted, suggesting that women with cervical adenocarcinoma may represent a distinct clinical entity of cervical neoplasia, which may require different approaches from those used in squamous cell carcinoma.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
3.
Bull Cancer ; 106(11): 1008-1022, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606139

RESUMO

With more than 3300 new cases and almost 2500 deaths each year, cervical cancer (CC) ranks second among female cancers in Moroccan women. The majority of cases occurs in women aged 50 and over. In absence of a national cancer registry, data published in Morocco are limited to the number of cases recorded in some oncology centers, so the incidence of this cancer is likely much higher than estimated. A Moroccan national program against CC based on the practice of visual inspection after application of acetic acid was set up in 2010, allowing both screening and possibly immediate treatment of (pre)cancerous lesions. However, this program has not been implemented in all regions of the country. The CC develops slowly and most often without any symptoms, and so it is diagnosed at an advanced stage of the disease. Virtually, all CC are associated with persistent infection of high risk human papillomavirus (HPV), particularly HPV16 and 18. For more than ten years, two prophylactic vaccines targeting these two HPV genotypes have been marketed. They have proved their excellent immunogenicity and efficacy and they are well tolerated. However, HPV vaccine is not yet recommended by health authorities in Morocco. In this literature review, we focused on the current situation of CC, the prevalence of HPV infection and the prevention strategies against CC in Morocco.


Assuntos
Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Ácido Acético/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Algoritmos , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/imunologia , Papillomavirus Humano 18/imunologia , Humanos , Incidência , Indicadores e Reagentes/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Marrocos/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/virologia , Prevenção Primária , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Gestão de Riscos , Prevenção Secundária , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
4.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(10): 666-672, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648442

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the 13 years trend in proportion, risks factors and clinicopathological characteristics of young women with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer by using multi-center data of cervical cancer in China. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 46 313 patients with cervical cancer treated from 37 hospitals in China were obtained from January 2004 to December 2016. Using clinical and pathologic data, each patient's stage was reclassified by the 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) staging system. A total of 19 041 patients were selected according to the following criteria: FIGO stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2, underwent type B or C radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. All the patients were divided into two groups: the study group of 1 888 patients aged 35 years or younger and the control group of 17 153 patients aged over 35 years. The 13 years trend in proportion of young women with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer, risks factors and clinicopathological characteristics of two groups were retrospectively analyzed. Results: (1) The total number of hospitalized patients with stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer increased annually. However, a downward trend of patients aged 35 years or younger was observed (P<0.01) . The constituent ratio of patients aged 35 years or younger was significantly greater during 2004-2010 than that during 2011-2016 [12.6% (820/6 484) and 8.5% (1 068/12 557) , respectively; χ(2)=82.101, P<0.01]. (2) Compared with patients aged over 35 years, patients aged 35 years or younger had an earlier age at menarche, a later age at marriage, lesser gravida and parity (all P<0.01). The positive rate of high-risk HPV infection was not statistically different between two groups (all P>0.05). (3) The proportions of stage Ⅰ, exophytic type and non-squamous histological type in patients aged 35 years or younger were clearly higher than those in patients aged over 35 years (83.4% vs 68.5%, P<0.01; 63.2% vs 56.2%, P<0.01; 13.9% vs 12.0%, P<0.05, respectively). Whereas the poor differentiation ratios of the two groups had no statistical significance (P>0.05). (4) As for the postoperative pathological risk factors, the rate of surgical margin involvement in patients aged 35 years or younger was lower than that aged over 35 years (1.1% vs 1.8%, P<0.05), and the rate of depth of stromal invasion >1/2 in patients aged 35 years or younger was lower than that in patients aged over 35 years (40.1% vs 50.9%, P<0.01). In addition, there were no significant difference in parametrial margin involvement, tumor size and lymph vascular space invasion between two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The trend in proportion among hospitalized patients for stage Ⅰa2 to Ⅱa2 cervical cancer in young women is decreasing yearly. Compared with cervical cancer in middle-aged and elderly women, cervical cancer in young women have an earlier age at menarche, a higher proportion of stage Ⅰ patients and non-squamous histological type. In terms of the postoperative pathological risk factors, the rate of surgical margin involvement and depth of stromal invasion >1/2 in young women with cervical cancer are lower than in middle-aged and elderly women.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Histerectomia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17087, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517830

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a crucial health problem and caused substantial malignancy diseases among female worldwide. We aim to investigate the distribution of HPV subtype and the status of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions caused by HPV infection in North China Plain population. A total of 61,870 samples of outpatients and inpatients from January 2015 to May 2017 at the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University were collected. All of the samples were tested by rapid flow-through hybridization HPV genotyping. Approximately 17,280 of the cases tested positive for HPV, indicating an infection rate of 27.9%. Approximately 7009 cases were compared to the results of cytological diagnosis. The top five HPV genotypes were HPV-16 (4.5%), HPV-52 (2.9%), HPV-58 (2.8%), HPV-53 (1.9%), and HPV-81 (1.9%). The youngest age group (age < 20 years) showed the highest infection rate (59.9%), and then decreased with age. As the degree of cervical lesions worsened gradually, the rate of high-risk HPV infection increased, such as 24.3% (322/1324) in the Cervicitis, 31.30% (560/1785) in the CINI, 54.1% (568/1050) in the CINII, 80.1% (693/865) in the CIN III, and 99.5% (428/430) in the cervical cancer group. These findings were significantly different from the 9.7% (155/1555) observed in the normal medical examination group (P < .05). This is the first study to demonstrate the characteristics of HPV and the association with cervical lesions in North China Plain population.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios Menstruais/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/classificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Descarga Vaginal/patologia
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 130, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558929

RESUMO

Introduction: Cancer is a public health problem that affect women more than men. The aim of the study was to describe the epidemiological and histopathological features of gynecological malignancies in the city of Yaoundé, Cameroon. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of histologically proven gynecological cancers over a 10-year period (2008-2017) in the Gynecology and Pathological Anatomy Departments of the University Teaching Hospital of Yaoundé. Results: A total of 682 cancers were identified among which, 342 gynecological cancers, for an overall frequency of 50.1% and an annual frequency of 34.2 cases on average. There was a trend suggesting an increase annual frequency over time. The cervix was the most frequent location with 182 cases (53.2%); followed by breast with 96 cases (28.1%); endometrium with 33 cases (9.7%) and ovaries 15 cases (4.4%). These patients were on average 51.9±13.7 years old, mostly housewives (56.8%), married (60.4%), multiparous (61.3%) and referred (62.6%). Histopathologically, cervical cancer was predominantly squamous cell carcinoma (86.8%), invasive (80.9%) and well differentiated (45.5%). For breast cancers, the majority were ductal carcinomas (78.1%), invasive (92%), and histological grade SBR II (50.6%). The most common histopathological types of endometrial and ovarian cancer were adenocarcinoma (72.2%) and serous cystadenocarcinoma (46.7%), respectively. Conclusion: Gynecological cancers are common. Screening is expected to increase at 30 years for cervical cancer and start at age 40 with mammography for breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Camarões/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/patologia , Estudos Transversais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/patologia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(3): 655-661, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391440

RESUMO

This cross-sectional and population based study was carried out in four randomly selected Upazila of four districts of Dhaka division by the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of Dhaka Medical College Hospital (DMCH) and Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib University (BSMMU), Dhaka, Bangladesh from October 2014 to March 2015 to detect the prevalence of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) among women in four Upazila of Dhaka division of Bangladesh. Married women ages between 25-55 years, mentally able to provide informed consent were recruited. Women with chronic illness, pregnancy and women with previous treatment for CIN were excluded from the study. During 6 months of study period, a total 1165 cases were examined. Most of the attendants were between 30-35 years. Muslim participants were more than Hindus (95.27% vs. 4.37%) and 0.34% attendants were from Christian religion. Among the participants majority (42.37%) of them were up to primary level. Most (98.45%) of the women were house wife and most (54.5%) of them had monthly family income between Tk. 5001-10000. It was observed that 6.5% of their husband had 2 wives and 1.2% had 3 wives. Regarding their living status, 90.6% were living together, 8.6% of their husband was living at their work place & 0.7% was living abroad. About 30.4% of their husbands were farmer others were businessman, unemployed, driver and other service holder. It was found that 67(5.8%) out of 1165 cases were diagnosed as VIA +ve cases. Among 1165 cases 94.2% were normal, 4.7% were diagnosed as CIN I, 1% were CIN II and none of them was CIN III. Colposcopy guided punch biopsy were taken from all CIN cases and found that among 67 cases of colposcopically diagnosed CIN, histopathologically 28(2.4%) cases were diagnosed as normal, 32(2.7%) cases were CIN I, 4(0.3%) cases were CIN II & 3 (0.3%) cases were CIN III. In this study, crude prevalence of CIN I, CIN II and CIN III were 2.7%, 0.3% and 0.3% respectively. This study provides the first population-based prevalence of CIN in Bangladesh which will guide the Government of Bangladesh to upgrade the activities of already existing cervical cancer screening programme.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adulto , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Prevalência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
8.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 740, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438877

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WLWH) have high rates of persistent high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) infections and cervical cancer. We aimed to assess the distribution of hrHPV genotypes, risk factors of type-specific hrHPV persistence, and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions or worse (≥HSIL) in WLWH in Denmark. METHODS: From the prospective Study on HIV, cervical Abnormalities and infections in women in Denmark (SHADE) we identified WLWH with a positive hrHPV test during the study period; 2011-2014. HIV demographics were retrieved from the Danish HIV Cohort Study and pathology results from the The Danish Pathology Data Bank. Logistic regression was used to identify risk factors associated with persistent hrHPV infection (positivity of the same hrHPV type in two samples one-two years after the first hrHPV positive date) and ≥ HSIL. RESULTS: Of 71 WLWH, 31 (43.7%) had persistent hrHPV infection. Predominant hrHPV genotypes were HPV58, 52, 51, and 35 and most frequently observed persistent genotypes were HPV52, 33 and 31. CD4 < 350 cells/µL predicted genotype-specific hrHPV persistence (adjusted OR 4.36 (95%CI: 1.18-16.04)) and ≥ HSIL was predicted by prior AIDS (adjusted OR 8.55 (95% CI 1.21-60.28)). CONCLUSIONS: This prospective cohort study of well-treated WLWH in Denmark found a high rate of persistent hrHPV infections with predominantly non-16/18 hrHPV genotypes. CD4 count < 350 cells/µL predicted hrHPV persistence, while prior AIDS predicted ≥HSIL.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/virologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Adulto , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Colo do Útero/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , HIV , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/complicações , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/epidemiologia , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
9.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(33): 724-728, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437140

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes nearly all cervical cancers and some cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis, anus, and oropharynx (1).* Most HPV infections are asymptomatic and clear spontaneously within 1 to 2 years; however, persistent infection with oncogenic HPV types can lead to development of precancer or cancer (2). In the United States, the 9-valent HPV vaccine (9vHPV) is available to protect against oncogenic HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 as well as nononcogenic types 6 and 11 that cause genital warts. CDC analyzed data from the U.S. Cancer Statistics (USCS)† to assess the incidence of HPV-associated cancers and to estimate the annual number of cancers caused by HPV, overall and by state, during 2012-2016 (3,4). An average of 43,999 HPV-associated cancers were reported annually, and an estimated 34,800 (79%) of those cancers were attributable to HPV. Of these 34,800 cancers, an estimated 32,100 (92%) were attributable to the types targeted by 9vHPV, with 19,000 occurring among females and 13,100 among males. The most common were cervical (9,700) and oropharyngeal cancers (12,600). The number of cancers estimated to be attributable to the types targeted by 9vHPV ranged by state from 40 to 3,270 per year. HPV vaccination is an important strategy that could prevent these cancers, but during 2018, only half of adolescents were up to date on HPV vaccination (5). These surveillance data from population-based cancer registries can be used to inform the planning for, and monitor the long-term impact of, HPV vaccination and cancer screening efforts nationally and within states.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/virologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Vigilância da População , Neoplasias do Ânus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Ânus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Orofaríngeas/virologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Penianas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Penianas/virologia , Sistema de Registros , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Neoplasias Vaginais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Vaginais/virologia , Neoplasias Vulvares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Vulvares/virologia
10.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(10): 1087-1100, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31435875

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examined targeted genomic variants of transforming growth factor beta (TGFB) signaling in Appalachian women. Appalachian women with cervical cancer were compared to healthy Appalachian counterparts to determine whether these polymorphic alleles were over-represented within this high-risk cancer population, and whether lifestyle or environmental factors modified the aggregate genetic risk in these Appalachian women. METHODS: Appalachian women's survey data and blood samples from the Community Awareness, Resources, and Education (CARE) CARE I and CARE II studies (n = 163 invasive cervical cancer cases, 842 controls) were used to assess gene-environment interactions and cancer risk. Polymorphic allele frequencies and socio-behavioral demographic measurements were compared using t tests and χ2 tests. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate interaction effects between genomic variance and demographic, behavioral, and environmental characteristics. RESULTS: Several alleles demonstrated significant interaction with smoking (TP53 rs1042522, TGFB1 rs1800469), alcohol consumption (NQO1 rs1800566), and sexual intercourse before the age of 18 (TGFBR1 rs11466445, TGFBR1 rs7034462, TGFBR1 rs11568785). Interestingly, we noted a significant interaction between "Appalachian self-identity" variables and NQO1 rs1800566. Multivariable logistic regression of cancer status in an over-dominant TGFB1 rs1800469/TGFBR1 rs11568785 model demonstrated a 3.03-fold reduction in cervical cancer odds. Similar decreased odds (2.78-fold) were observed in an over-dominant TGFB1 rs1800469/TGFBR1 rs7034462 model in subjects who had no sexual intercourse before age 18. CONCLUSIONS: This study reports novel associations between common low-penetrance alleles in the TGFB signaling cascade and modified risk of cervical cancer in Appalachian women. Furthermore, our unexpected findings associating Appalachian identity and NQO1 rs1800566 suggests that the complex environmental exposures that contribute to Appalachian self-identity in Appalachian cervical cancer patients represent an emerging avenue of scientific exploration.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Alelos , Feminino , Interação Gene-Ambiente , Humanos , Kentucky/epidemiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/genética , Ohio/epidemiologia , Receptor do Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta Tipo I/genética , Fatores de Risco , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , West Virginia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 174, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303943

RESUMO

Introduction: Precancerous cervical lesion is significantly a health problem globally. Thus, screening targeting women between the ages of 17-60 is being undertaken in developing countries, including Cameroon. Over 50% (7.8 per 100,000) women die of cervical cancer every year. This study was to determine the prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion, the age demography and access the risk factor. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from August 09th to October 17th 2017. A total of 60 women participated, and were screened for precancerous cervical lesion. Data were collected by using a questionnaire. Visual inspection with acetic acid and visual inspection with Lugol's iodine was applied for the screening. SPSS version 16.0 was used for data entry and analysis. Logistic regression analysis was fitted and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals and p-values were computed to identify factors associated with precancerous cervical cancer lesion. Results: Out of 60 study participants, 2(3.33%) were found to be positive for precancerous cervical cancer lesion. Conclusion: The prevalence of precancerous cervical lesion in women that consulted at the Mezam polyclinic is high.


Assuntos
Colo do Útero/patologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Ácido Acético/química , Adolescente , Adulto , Camarões/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Iodetos/química , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 454, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Visual inspection with acetic acid and cervicography (VIAC) is a method used to screen for cervical cancer. VIAC can be used as part of a "see and treat" strategy. Nine Harare city council health facilities offer VIAC free of charge with the aim of reducing morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer. Between 2014 and 2016, the number of women utilising VIAC dropped by 35%. We analysed records of clients who utilise VIAC at Harare city health facilities to characterise women accessing VIAC and their outcomes to make recommendations for improving the services. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study using data collected for the Harare city VIAC program. We analysed all records of clients who utilised VIAC services at nine Harare city health facilities from 1 May 2012 to 31 December 2016. RESULTS: We analysed 46,217 records, the median age of the clients was 34 years [Q1 = 27: Q3 = 42]. Of the 46,217 clients screened, 3001 (6.5%) were VIAC positive, and 512 (1.1%) had suspicious of cancer lesions. The prevalence of VIAC positive ranged from 58 to 74 per 1000-screened clients over the 5 years. The prevalence of suspected cancer ranged from 9 to 14 per 1000-screened clients, and there was a general decrease in the prevalence between 2012 and 2016. Of the 3513 clients with VIAC positive or had suspicious of cancer lesions, 2090 (74.1%) did not receive treatment at the site where the screening took place. CONCLUSION: The majority of women who are accessing VIAC services in Harare are middle-aged, multiparous and married women. There is a treatment gap at most of the VIAC centres such that clients are referred to other centres for management. The objective of "see and treat" is not being realised.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Análise de Dados , Assistência à Saúde , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem , Zimbábue/epidemiologia
13.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 147(1): 43-48, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272132

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the spontaneous progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 (CIN2) in accordance with Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydia) serology. METHODS: A prospective observational study included women diagnosed with CIN2 by cervical biopsy and managed conservatively for 24 months at Hospital del Mar, Barcelona, between December 2011 and October 2013. Serum anti-chlamydia immunoglobulin G (IgG), previous cytology, and high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) genotyping were recorded at baseline. The outcome was regression, persistence, or progression of CIN2. RESULTS: Overall, 93 women aged 18-56 years were enrolled. Spontaneous regression was observed for 61 (66%) women, and 21 (23%) progressed to CIN3. Eight (9%) women had chlamydia seropositivity at baseline. Multivariate analysis showed that anti-chlamydia IgG seropositivity (odds ratio [OR], 19.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-189.7), previous high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion cytology (OR, 5.0; 95% CI, 1.7-14.6), and HPV16 (OR, 4.8; 95% CI, 1.7-13.7) increased the risk of CIN2 persistence or progression. CONCLUSION: Women with CIN2 and chlamydia IgG seropositivity had increased risk of progression to CIN2+ and immediate treatment may be recommended for these women. Larger clinical studies are needed to confirm the results, but chlamydia serology might be introduced into CIN2 management to better individualize treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Infecções por Chlamydia/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/terapia , Infecções por Chlamydia/diagnóstico , Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/isolamento & purificação , Tratamento Conservador , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
14.
Oncology ; 97(3): 125-134, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify and compare prognostic factors, management strategies, and outcomes of very locally advanced cervical cancer (CC) (i.e., stage IVA) and metastatic CC (i.e., stage IVB). METHOD: A retrospective review was conducted based on all consecutive patients treatedfor stage IV CC in a comprehensive cancer care centre between 2004 and 2017. RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients were included. Performance status (PS) was ≥2 for 35.9%. Median age at diagnosis was 60.5. There were 24 stage IVA CC (35.3%) and 44 stage IVB CC (64.7%). Seventeen patients with stage IVB CC had only para-aortic lymph node metastases (38.6%), 13 had only distant metastases (29.5%), and 14 had both (31.8%). Patients with stage IVA CC experienced a radiotherapy with curative intent (n = 14, 58.3%) +/- concomitant chemotherapy, or a palliative treatment (n = 10, 41.7%). Twenty-three patients with stage IVB CC received a prior chemotherapy (52.3%), 11 a primary concomitant chemoradiation (25%), and 10 a palliative treatment (22.7%). The mean follow-up was 18.0 months. The 5-year overall survival was 5.1% for stage IVA (95% CI = 0.7-33.9), and 10.5% for stage IVB (95% CI = 3.7-29.7). In multivariate analysis, PS >1 was identified as a poor prognostic factor of disease-specific survival for stage IVA CC. PS >1 and pelvic lymph node involvement were identified as poor prognostic factors of overall survival and disease-specific survival for stage IVB CC. CONCLUSIONS: In daily clinical practice, outcomes of stages IV CC are poor. Treatment of advanced and metastatic CC remains challenging. New management strategies are needed, as well as efficient preventive strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
15.
Lancet ; 394(10197): 497-509, 2019 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255301

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: More than 10 years have elapsed since human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination was implemented. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis of the population-level impact of vaccinating girls and women against human papillomavirus on HPV infections, anogenital wart diagnoses, and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2+ (CIN2+) to summarise the most recent evidence about the effectiveness of HPV vaccines in real-world settings and to quantify the impact of multiple age-cohort vaccination. METHODS: In this updated systematic review and meta-analysis, we used the same search strategy as in our previous paper. We searched MEDLINE and Embase for studies published between Feb 1, 2014, and Oct 11, 2018. Studies were eligible if they compared the frequency (prevalence or incidence) of at least one HPV-related endpoint (genital HPV infections, anogenital wart diagnoses, or histologically confirmed CIN2+) between pre-vaccination and post-vaccination periods among the general population and if they used the same population sources and recruitment methods before and after vaccination. Our primary assessment was the relative risk (RR) comparing the frequency (prevalence or incidence) of HPV-related endpoints between the pre-vaccination and post-vaccination periods. We stratified all analyses by sex, age, and years since introduction of HPV vaccination. We used random-effects models to estimate pooled relative risks. FINDINGS: We identified 1702 potentially eligible articles for this systematic review and meta-analysis, and included 65 articles in 14 high-income countries: 23 for HPV infection, 29 for anogenital warts, and 13 for CIN2+. After 5-8 years of vaccination, the prevalence of HPV 16 and 18 decreased significantly by 83% (RR 0·17, 95% CI 0·11-0·25) among girls aged 13-19 years, and decreased significantly by 66% (RR 0·34, 95% CI 0·23-0·49) among women aged 20-24 years. The prevalence of HPV 31, 33, and 45 decreased significantly by 54% (RR 0·46, 95% CI 0·33-0·66) among girls aged 13-19 years. Anogenital wart diagnoses decreased significantly by 67% (RR 0·33, 95% CI 0·24-0·46) among girls aged 15-19 years, decreased significantly by 54% (RR 0·46, 95% CI 0.36-0.60) among women aged 20-24 years, and decreased significantly by 31% (RR 0·69, 95% CI 0·53-0·89) among women aged 25-29 years. Among boys aged 15-19 years anogenital wart diagnoses decreased significantly by 48% (RR 0·52, 95% CI 0·37-0·75) and among men aged 20-24 years they decreased significantly by 32% (RR 0·68, 95% CI 0·47-0·98). After 5-9 years of vaccination, CIN2+ decreased significantly by 51% (RR 0·49, 95% CI 0·42-0·58) among screened girls aged 15-19 years and decreased significantly by 31% (RR 0·69, 95% CI 0·57-0·84) among women aged 20-24 years. INTERPRETATION: This updated systematic review and meta-analysis includes data from 60 million individuals and up to 8 years of post-vaccination follow-up. Our results show compelling evidence of the substantial impact of HPV vaccination programmes on HPV infections and CIN2+ among girls and women, and on anogenital warts diagnoses among girls, women, boys, and men. Additionally, programmes with multi-cohort vaccination and high vaccination coverage had a greater direct impact and herd effects. FUNDING: WHO, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Fonds de recherche du Québec - Santé.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Condiloma Acuminado/epidemiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/prevenção & controle , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Condiloma Acuminado/prevenção & controle , Condiloma Acuminado/virologia , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Vacinação em Massa , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/prevenção & controle , Vacinas contra Papillomavirus/farmacologia , Prevalência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
BJOG ; 126(11): 1365-1371, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31356722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the 5-year risk of high-grade lesions in women with a transient high-risk HPV infection. DESIGN: Population-based cohort study. SETTING: HPV primary testing within population-based organised cervical cancer screening programmes. POPULATION: Italian women enrolled in seven pilot projects and attending the second round. METHODS: On the basis of the cytology triage performed on HPV-positive women, immediate colposcopy or HPV repeat at 12 months was recommended. Data were collected at the subsequent round 3-4 years after HPV infection clearance. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of HPV infection, CIN2+ and CIN3+ detection at subsequent round after HPV clearance, and relative risks (RR) in comparison with HPV-negative women (with 95% confidence interval). RESULTS: Data on 1230 women (1027 aged 25-64 years and 203 aged 35-64 years) have been analysed. Overall compliance with repeat HPV testing was 84%. In comparison with HPV-negative women, those with a transient HPV infection had higher proportions of HPV positivity (15% versus 3.7%) and of CIN2+ lesions (0.87% versus 0.23%) in round two; most of these (7/10) were CIN2; no cancers were detected, and CIN3 occurred in 3/1230 (0.24%). CONCLUSIONS: HPV-based protocols for cervical cancer screening allow long intervals for HPV-negative women; it is important to monitor the clinical outcome in the women with transient high-risk HPV infection. CIN3 detection is similar to that observed in routine European cytology-based screening programmes (CIN3+: 2.7‰); 5-year intervals may provide reasonable protection but longer intervals are not recommended. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: A screening interval of 5 years (but no longer) appears safe in women with transient HPV detection.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Esfregaço Vaginal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Colposcopia , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Metanálise como Assunto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
17.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 90, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223381

RESUMO

Introduction: Cervical cancer is ranked the 7th most common cancer in the world. Cancer of the cervix is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer after breast cancer and the third leading cause of cancer deaths among females in less developed countries. Incidence rates are highest in countries with low income. Nearly 90% of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing parts of the world. The study researchers therefore, carried out a retrospective study to determine the proportion of cervical cancer among other types of cancer in the cancer registry of the Bamenda Regional Hospital. Methods: The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of cervical cancer among other types of cancers in the cancer registry of the Bamenda Regional Hospital, North West Region of Cameroon from past records. We reviewed all records from the registry of patients who attended the Bamenda Regional Hospital to screen and/or be operated upon for cervical cancer and other types of cancer. Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of cases were captured using a data collection sheet: age, type of cancer, stage of cancer, type of surgery carried out and date of surgery. Data were entered and analysed in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25 software. Results: 59 cancer cases were received in the center between 2012 and 2017. Of these, 31 (52%) had cervical cancer. Most patients who screened positive for cancer of the cervix were of the 50-54 age groups. Most of these patients (47.5%), were received at late stages (stages 3 and 4). Conclusion: Over half (52%) of the patients receiving cancer care in this center have cervical cancer and generally turn up late for management.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Camarões/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(5): 293-300, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154709

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of high-risk HPV subtypes in different pathological types of cervical cancer, and analyze the attribution of carcinogenic HPV subtypes in different pathological types. Methods: A total of 1 541 patients with cervical cancer were treated between February 2009 and October 2016 in Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College. The median age at diagnosis was 49 years (ranged 20-82 years old). The numbers of patients with cervical cancer from North China, Northeast China, East China, Central China and other regions (including Northwest, Southwest and South China) were 961, 244, 175, 87 and 74 cases, respectively. Pathological types: 1 337 cases of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), 87 usual adenocarcinoma (ADC), 23 adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC), 20 mucinous carcinoma (MC), 19 clear cell carcinoma (CCC), 12 endometrioid carcinoma (EC), 25 neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), 9 serous carcinoma (SC), 5 villous adenocarcinoma (VADC) and 4 minimal deviation adenocarcinoma (MDAC). The prevalence of high-risk HPV in different regions, age groups at diagnosis and pathological types in cervical cancer were analyzed. The attribution of 13 high-risk HPV subtypes in different pathological types of cervical cancer based on proportional attribution method, and the attribution of high-risk HPV subtypes prevented by 9-valent HPV vaccine in SCC and ADC were calculated. Results: (1) The prevalence of high-risk HPV in 1 541 patients with cervical cancer was 86.6% (1 335/1 541). The multiple high-risk HPV infection rate in patients with SCC ≥60 years old (23.0%, 37/161) was significantly higher than those in patients aged 45-59 years old and ≤44 years old [11.4% (85/747) vs 11.7% (50/429), P<0.01], and the high-risk HPV infection rates of patients with cervical cancer in North China, Northeast China, East China, Central China and other regions were respectively 86.8% (834/961), 87.7% (214/244), 83.4% (146/175), 83.9% (73/87) and 91.9% (68/74). SCC (86.8%, 1 337/1 541) and ADC (5.6%, 87/1 541) were the most common pathological types in cervical cancer. The high-risk HPV prevalence of SCC, ADC, ASC, MC, NEC and VADC were 90.1% (1 205/1 337), 74.7% (65/87), 87.0% (20/23), 65.0% (13/20), 72.0% (18/25) and 5/5 respectively. The high-risk HPV infection rates of SC, EC, CCC and MDAC were 4/9, 3/12, 2/19 and 0/4 respectively. (2) According to proportional attribution, HPV 16 (69.5%), HPV 18 (5.6%), HPV 58 (2.2%), HPV 31 (1.9%), HPV 52 (1.4%) and HPV 33 (1.3%) were the six common high-risk HPV subtypes in SCC. While, HPV 18 (44.1%), HPV 16 (20.5%), HPV 52 (2.3%), HPV 58 (1.2%) and HPV 51 (1.2%) were the main carcinogenic subtypes in ADC. The main carcinogenic high-risk HPV subtypes of ASC, NEC and MC were HPV 18 and HPV 16. The total attribution of HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58 prevented by 9-valent HPV vaccine in SCC and ADC were 82.6% and 68.1% respectively; the attribution of HPV 45 in SCC and ADC were only 0.8% and 0. Conclusions: SCC and ADC are the main pathological types in cervical cancer. SCC, ADC, ASC, MC, NEC and VADC are closely related to high-risk HPV infection. HPV 16 is the main carcinogenic genotypes of SCC. HPV 18 maybe play an important role in the pathogenesis of ADC.


Assuntos
Papillomaviridae/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Papillomaviridae/classificação , Papillomaviridae/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prevalência , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cancer Causes Control ; 30(8): 847-857, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154549

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Soy isoflavones and tea catechins have immunomodulating and chemopreventive properties relevant for cervical carcinogenesis; however, there are limited epidemiologic data on the relationship of soy and tea consumption with cervical cancer risk. The aim of our study was to examine effects of soy and tea intake on cervical cancer risk among Singapore Chinese women. METHODS: The association between intake of soy and tea drinking and cervical cancer risk was investigated in a prospective, population-based cohort of 30,744 Chinese women in Singapore with an average 16.7 years of follow-up and 312 incident cervical cancer cases. Multivariable proportional hazard models were used to estimate hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) of cervical cancer associated with intake levels of soy and tea. RESULTS: High intake of soy alone was associated with a statistically borderline significant 20% reduced risk of cervical cancer (HR 0.80, 95% CI 0.61, 1.05) while green tea alone was not (HR 0.97, 95% CI: 0.76, 1.22). In stratified analysis, high intake of soy was associated with a statistically significant decrease in cervical cancer risk among green tea drinkers (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.28, 0.69) but not among non-drinkers of green tea. The difference in the soy-cervical cancer risk association between green tea drinkers and non-drinkers was statistically significant (p for interaction = 0.004). This inverse association between soy intake and cervical cancer risk remained after further adjustment for human papillomavirus serostatus. Black tea consumption was not associated with cervical cancer risk. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that a protective effect of soy against cervical cancer development may depend on green tea constituents.


Assuntos
Alimentos de Soja , Chá , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Risco , Singapura/epidemiologia
20.
Gynecol Oncol ; 154(2): 338-344, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31171407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Determine rates of radical minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for cervix cancer in Ontario, and whether these rates varied over time and by region. Assess whether changes in the use of MIS impacted length of hospital stay and readmissions. METHODS: Retrospective population-based cohort study of women undergoing radical surgery for cervical cancer between 2002 and 2015. Radical MIS versus laparotomy were compared. Trends in rate of MIS over time, length of hospital stay, and readmission within 30 days were determined. Multivariate logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with MIS approach. RESULTS: 805 women underwent radical abdominal surgery versus 538 radical minimally invasive surgery. Radical MIS increased over the study period, from 17.7% in 2002 to 61.5% in 2015. The most significant predictor of MIS approach was hospital site, with a 14-fold difference in sites with highest and lowest uptake of MIS. Mean length of hospital stay was significantly shorter after radical MIS compared to radical abdominal surgery (1.1 v. 4.2 days). Hospital readmission within 30 days was reduced over the study period for MIS but remained stable following abdominal surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Although rates of radical MIS increased in Ontario over the time period studied, this seems to have been driven by a few high volume centres. Cervical cancer is rare and it takes time to develop the skills to carry out the procedure effectively. Abandonment of minimally invasive radical hysterectomy may have a significant impact on surgical training and subsequent proficiency in the skills unique to this procedure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário/epidemiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
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