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1.
Gene ; 723: 144142, 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589957

RESUMO

DNA methylation is an epigenetic alteration that may lead to carcinogenesis by silencing key tumor suppressor genes. Hypermethylation of the paired box gene 1 (PAX1) promoter is important in cervical cancer development. Here, PAX1 methylation levels were compared between Uyghur and Han patients with cervical lesions. Data on PAX1 methylation in different cervical lesions were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database, whereas data on survival and PAX1 mRNA expression in invasive cervical cancer (ICC) were retrieved from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. MassARRAY spectrometry was used to detect methylation of 19 CpG sites in the promoter region of PAX1, whereas gene mass spectrograms were drawn by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 infection was detected by polymerase chain reaction. PAX1 methylation in high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) and ICC was significantly higher than in normal tissues. PAX1 hypermethylation was associated with poor prognosis and reduced transcription. ICC-specific PAX1 promoter methylation involved distinct CpG sites in Uyghur and Han patients HPV16 infection in HSIL and ICC patient was significantly higher than in normal women (p < 0.05). Our study revealed a strong association between PAX1 methylation and the development of cervical cancer. Moreover, hypermethylation of distinct CpG sites may induce HSIL transformation into ICC in both Uyghur and Han patients. Our results suggest the existence of ethnic differences in the genetic susceptibility to cervical cancer. Finally, PAX1 methylation and HPV infection exhibited synergistic effects on cervical carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Metilação de DNA , Papillomavirus Humano 16/patogenicidade , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/virologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , China/etnologia , DNA Viral/genética , Bases de Dados Factuais , Regulação para Baixo , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1035-1038, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of inhibitory KIR (iKIR) and its cognate HLA ligand in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer among ethnic Han Chinese and its potential mechanism. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples from 265 Han Chinese patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)/cervical cancer and 200 ethnically matched healthy controls were collected. The results of KIR PCR-SSP, HLA PCR-rSSO and KIR3DL1 PCR-SBT, together with cervical cancer data from the TCGA database, were used to assess the association of iKIR genes, receptor-ligand gene combinations, iKIR transcription level in the tumor tissue and the KIR3DL1 alleles with the occurrence and development of cervical cancer. RESULTS: Among the four iKIR genes (KIR2DL1, 2DL2/3, 3DL1 and 3DL2), the frequencies of KIR3DL1 and KIR3DL1-HLA-Bw4 genes among controls were significantly higher than those of the cervical cancer group (96.5% vs. 87.0%, P = 0.018; 81.5% vs. 64.8%, P=0.009). The survival rate of cervical cancer patients with a high transcription level of KIR3DL1 in tumor tissues was significantly higher than those with a low/medium transcription level (P=0.028). The frequency of strong-inhibitory and high-expression KIR3DL1*01502 allele among the healthy population was significantly higher than that of the cervical cancer group (76.0% vs. 59.3%, P =0.015). CONCLUSION: Combined KIR3DL1 and KIR3DL1-HLA-Bw4 can confer a protective effect against the development of cervical cancer, which may be attributed to the strong-inhibitory and high-expression allele of KIR3DL1*01502.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Receptores KIR3DL1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Proteção , Receptores KIR
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17487, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593112

RESUMO

To analyze the association between glutathione S-transferases polymorphisms and the risk of cervical lesions.Case-control studies focusing on the association between glutathione S-transferase polymorphisms and the risk of cervical lesions were collected from the PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Embase, Medline, CNKI, VIP and Wanfang databases from inception to August 2018. Pooled odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals were employed to evaluate the strength of the association. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were used to test the potential discrepancy and robustness, respectively.A total of 30 studies comprising 3961 patients and 4726 healthy controls satisfied the inclusion criteria. Of these, 6 studies contained information about GSTP1, 27 studies contained information about GSTM1, and 22 studies contained information about GSTT1. Our results supported that there was no statistical association between GSTP1 polymorphism and the risk of cervical lesions (odds ratio [OR] = 1.08, P = .40). The GSTM1 null variant showed increased susceptibility to cervical lesions (OR = 1.45, P < .001). Subgroup analysis revealed that the GSTM1 null variant caused cervical lesions among HPV infection cases (OR = 1.69, P = .02) and among the Chinese and Indian populations (OR = 2.24 and OR = 1.87, respectively, P < .001). The GSTT1 null variant increased the risk of cervical lesions in smokers (OR = 1.52, P = .03). The GSTT1 null genotype was also related to high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (HSIL) and cervical cancer risk (OR = 1.30 and OR = 1.78, respectively, P < .05).The GSTM1 null variant caused cervical lesions, especially among HPV infection cases and among the Chinese and Indian populations. The GSTT1 null variant increased the risk of cervical lesions in smokers and was also related to HISL and cervical cancer risk.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Glutationa Transferase/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , China , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética , Feminino , Genótipo , Glutationa S-Transferase pi/genética , Humanos , Índia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17225, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567982

RESUMO

The present study is to analyze the difference of gene methylation in early cervical adenocarcinoma and to find molecular markers for predicting the occurrence and development of cervical adenocarcinoma.A total of 15 cases of primary cervical adenocarcinoma and 10 cases of primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma at stages IB1 or IIA1 were included in the study. Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip (850K) was used to screen specifically expressed genes in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues. Bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BSP) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to verify the methylation levels in cervical adenocarcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and normal cervical tissues.Sex determining region Y-box 1 (SOX1) and cyclin D1 (CCND1) genes participated in multiple signaling pathways, being the central nodes of gene regulatory networks. SOX1 gene, but not CCND1 gene, was a specifically methylated gene in cervical adenocarcinoma according to BSP. According to qRT-PCR, methylation level of SOX1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues or normal cervical tissues, and the methylation level of CCND1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues or cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in normal cervical tissues.The present study demonstrates that tumor-suppressor gene SOX1 is a methylation-specific expression gene of cervical adenocarcinoma and is expected to become a specific molecular marker for the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma. However, CCND1 gene was not proven to be a specific methylation expression gene in cervical adenocarcinoma in the present study.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17087, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517830

RESUMO

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is a crucial health problem and caused substantial malignancy diseases among female worldwide. We aim to investigate the distribution of HPV subtype and the status of cervical cancer and precancerous lesions caused by HPV infection in North China Plain population. A total of 61,870 samples of outpatients and inpatients from January 2015 to May 2017 at the Affiliated Hospital of Jining Medical University were collected. All of the samples were tested by rapid flow-through hybridization HPV genotyping. Approximately 17,280 of the cases tested positive for HPV, indicating an infection rate of 27.9%. Approximately 7009 cases were compared to the results of cytological diagnosis. The top five HPV genotypes were HPV-16 (4.5%), HPV-52 (2.9%), HPV-58 (2.8%), HPV-53 (1.9%), and HPV-81 (1.9%). The youngest age group (age < 20 years) showed the highest infection rate (59.9%), and then decreased with age. As the degree of cervical lesions worsened gradually, the rate of high-risk HPV infection increased, such as 24.3% (322/1324) in the Cervicitis, 31.30% (560/1785) in the CINI, 54.1% (568/1050) in the CINII, 80.1% (693/865) in the CIN III, and 99.5% (428/430) in the cervical cancer group. These findings were significantly different from the 9.7% (155/1555) observed in the normal medical examination group (P < .05). This is the first study to demonstrate the characteristics of HPV and the association with cervical lesions in North China Plain population.


Assuntos
Genótipo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios Menstruais/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/classificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/classificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Descarga Vaginal/patologia
6.
Life Sci ; 233: 116708, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369759

RESUMO

AIMS: Cervical cancer seriously affects women's health. The function of methylated alterations in the long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) promote the progression and metastasis of cancer. Our study aims to identify the functional effects of lncRNA methylation in cervical carcinogenesis. MAIN METHODS: Genome-wide DNA methylation of 6 samples was assessed using the Illumina Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data and survival follow-up time of 307 samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset were enrolled in this study. The statistical analysis and graphical work were mainly realized by R language. KEY FINDINGS: Methylation map identified 3962 hypermethylated CpG sites and 4484 hypomethylated CpG sites in cervical cancer (|Δß| ≥ 0.20). Bioinformatic analysis of the lncRNA expression identified 363 upregulated and 664 downregulated lncRNAs with log2 (fold change) ≥ 1.00 in squamous cervical carcinoma (SCC) samples. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) and Venn diagram revealed that lncRNA MAGI2 antisense RNA 3 (lncRNA MAGI2-AS3), lncRNA WT1 antisense RNA (lncRNA WT1-AS) and lncRNA SOX21 antisense divergent transcript 1 (lncRNA SOX21-AS1) were important methylation changed lncRNAs. Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed only lncRNA SOX21-AS1 had clinical prognostic value in cervical cancer. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) suggest that lncRNA SOX21-AS1 involve in the multiple cellular processes and might significantly suppress cervical tumorigenesis. SIGNIFICANCE: These insights into the functional role of lncRNA SOX21-AS1 DNA methylome alterations in cervical cancer might promote clinically new applicable in diagnosis and prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Metilação de DNA , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
7.
Life Sci ; 235: 116785, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445025

RESUMO

AIMS: Hsa_circ_0007534 has been reported to be a novel cancer-related circRNA affecting multiple cancers. However, little is known about the role of hsa_circ_0007534 in cervical cancer specifically. In the current study, we aimed to explore the expression and function of hsa_circ_0007534 in cervical cancer. MAIN METHODS: The expression of circRNA, miRNA and mRNA was measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions. Protein expression was assessed by Western blot. Knockdown of has_circ_0007534 was achieved by siRNA-mediated gene silencing. Cell proliferation was determined using a cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays. Cell invasion was assessed using a Transwell invasion assay. RNA interactions were measured using an RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays. KEY FINDINGS: The expression of hsa_circ_0007534 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Depletion of hsa_circ_0007534 decreased both the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells. MicroRNA-498 (miR-498) was identified as a target of the miRNA encoded by hsa_circ_0007534. Levels of miR-498 were decreased in cervical cancer tissues, a finding that was inversely correlated with hsa_circ_0007534 expression. miR-498 overexpression repressed the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells. B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1) was verified as a target gene of miR-498. BMI-1 overexpression reversed the effects of hsa_circ_0007534 depletion or miR-498 overexpression on cervical cancer cell proliferation and invasion. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study demonstrates that downregulation of hsa_circ_0007534 represses the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer through regulating the miR-498/BMI-1 axis, suggesting the hsa_circ_0007534/miR-498/BMI-1 axis as a potential therapeutic target to treat cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo , RNA/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16922, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have displayed dysregulated expression in several types of cancer. Nevertheless, their function and underlying mechanisms in cervical cancer remains largely unknown. This study aimed to describe the regulatory mechanisms in cervical cancer. METHODS: We downloaded the circRNAs expression profiles from Gene Expression Omnibus database, and RNAs expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. We established a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA and circRNA-miRNA-hubgene network. The interactions between proteins were analyzed using the STRING database and hubgenes were identified using MCODE plugin. Then, we conducted a circRNA-miRNA-hubgenes regulatory module. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were conducted using R packages "Clusterprofile". RESULTS: Six circRNAs, 15 miRNAs, and 158 mRNAs were identified to construct the ceRNA network of cervical cancer. PPI (protein-protein interaction) network and module analysis identified 7 hubgenes. Then, a circRNA-miRNA-hubgene subnetwork was constructed based on the 1 DEcircRNAs, 3 DEmiRNAs, and 3 DEmRNAs. The KEGG pathway analysis indicated DEmRNAs are involved in progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, cell cycle, and oocyte meiosis. CONCLUSION: These ceRNAs are critical in the pathogenesis of cervical and may serve as future therapeutic biomarkers.


Assuntos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , RNA/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , RNA/metabolismo
9.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 151-160, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Toll-like receptors constitute an important component of innate immune mechanism. HPV is a known etiological factor of cervical cancer and is known to interfere with the expression of TLRs and downstream signaling pathway. It remains poorly understood whether HPV modulates the expression of TLRs. Hence, understanding HPV mediated immune alterations might aid in identifying novel therapeutic targets. The aim was to study the relative gene expression of TLRs & downstream signaling pathway in cervical carcinoma. METHODS: Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and normal cervical tissues were obtained. Subsequent to HPV genotyping, mRNA expression profiling using PCR Array was performed. Protein expression of relevant genes with western blot was studied. Levels of cytokines in cervicovaginal washes were estimated using a Luminex multiplex platform. RESULTS: All cases of cervical cancer were HR-HPV positive and predominant subtype was HPV16 (71.1%). Significant TLR4 upregulation and TLR2,7 downregulation were observed in HR-HPV infected cervix. TLR4,7 demonstrated low expression in CSCC. Molecules from cancer allied pathways; RELA, AKT, CDKN2A, and MDM2 demonstrated upregulation in CSCC. Protein expression data corroborated with gene expression profile. A diminished level of Th1 cytokines TNF-α, IFN-É£, IL-17, and IL-12 was observed in CSCC. Significantly increased levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-2 were detected in HR-HPV infected cervix. Kaplan Meier curve demonstrated high TLR4 and low TLR7 expression was associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the HPV mediated dampening of the innate immune response in CSCC and provides support for exploring potential TLR2, 7 agonists as an adjunct therapy in CSCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/fisiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Receptores Toll-Like/biossíntese , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
10.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 135-143, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The altered miRNAs expression in cervical cancer tissue can be a critical player during tumorigenesis, may contribute to tumor cell heterogeneity and may determine distinct phenotypes within the tumor. Recent studies have highlighted the role of circulating miRNAs as a minimally-invasive biomarker and its potential as biosignature to complement routine tissue-based procedures. METHODS: In order to determine whether miRNAs in serum can indicate changes in cervical tissue specimens, we performed small RNA sequencing and selected miRNAs were validated using qRT-PCR in serum and tissue specimens (n = 115). Further, luciferase assay were performed to investigate the interactions between hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p binding sites on 3'UTR region of MTF2 and ST18 respectively. RESULTS: We have identified a total of 14 differentially expressed miRNAs common in serum and tissue specimens. Among them, hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-32-5p and hsa-miR-454-3p were upregulated while, hsa-miR-409-3p was downregulated in serum and tissue of cervical cancer subjects. Our in-silico small RNA sequencing data analysis identified isomiRs and classified miRNA into clusters and subtypes (exonic, intronic and intergenic) with respect to the expression status in serum and tissue specimens. Expression level of hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p were inversely correlated with their target genes MTF2 and ST18 levels respectively in human cervical cancer specimens. Luciferase assay demonstrated that hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p functionally interacts with 3'-UTR of MTF2 and ST18 respectively to decrease their activity. CONCLUSION: Our results support the significant role of circulating miRNAs in disease dissemination and their potential utility as biosignatures of clinical relevance.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
11.
Life Sci ; 234: 116789, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to uncover the underlying mechanisms of cervical cancer progression and provide potential therapeutic targets for its treatment in clinic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-Time qPCR was used to determine the expression levels of Linc00483, miR-508-3p and RGS17 mRNA in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assay was conducted to determine cell apoptosis. Western Blot was performed to detect protein expression levels. Wound healing and Transwell assay were employed to determine cell migration and invasion respectively. Online software (TargetScan, miRDB and miR TarBase) were used to predict the regulating mechanisms of Linc00483, miR-508-3p and RGS17, which were validated by dual-luciferase reporter gene system. In vivo tumor-bearing mice models were established to validate the cellular results. RESULTS: Linc00483 aberrantly overexpressed in both cervical cancer tissues and cell lines comparing to the Control groups. Knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited cervical cancer cell proliferation, invasion as well as migration, and promoted cell apoptosis. In addition, miR-508-3p was identified as the downstream target of Linc00483, and miR-508-3p inhibitor abrogated the inhibiting effects of downregulated Linc00483 on cervical cancer cell viability. Furthermore, the expression levels of Linc00483 was positively correlated with RGS17 in the clinical samples and overexpressed Linc00483 increased RGS17 expression levels in cervical cancer cells by sponging miR-508-3p. The in vivo experiments showed that knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited cervical cancer cell tumorigenesis and lung metastasis in mice models. CONCLUSIONS: Knock-down of Linc00483 inhibited the development of cervical cancer by regulating miR-508-3p/RGS17 axis.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas RGS/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Animais , Carcinogênese/patologia , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
12.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 158(4): 205-212, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434093

RESUMO

EHMT2 (euchromatic histone lysine methyltransferase 2), a histone methyltransferase, has been shown to be involved in multiple human cancers. In this study, we determined mRNA and protein expression of EHMT2 in cervical cancer cells and normal cervical epithelial cells. EHMT2 was inhibited with short hairpin RNA (shEHMT2) in cervical cancer cells. Cell viability, colony proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and invasion assays and Western blot were performed to assess the function of EHMT2. As a result, EHMT2 was upregulated in human cervical cancer cells compared to normal cervical epithelial cells. Suppression of EHMT2 expression impairs cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Furthermore, EHMT2 silencing inhibited cell adhesion and invasion. Finally, knockdown of EHMT2 resulted in a reduction of the expression of the tumorigenic proteins Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Survivin and in an increase in the expression of the anti-malignant protein E-cadherin. In conclusion, our data suggest that EHMT2 plays a key role in cell proliferation and metastatic capacity in cervical cancer cells and could serve as a potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Inativação Gênica , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/deficiência , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Caderinas/biossíntese , Adesão Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16715, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374065

RESUMO

Chromosome 8 open reading frame 4 (C8orf4) is an activator of Wnt signaling pathway, and participates in the tumorigenesis and progression of many tumors. The expression levels of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were assessed via immunohistochemical staining in 100 cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) tissues, 50 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSILs), 50 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSILs), and 50 normal cervical tissues. Bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction analysis was used to examine the methylation status of the C8orf4 locus in CSCC and normal cervical tissues. The expression rates of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were significantly higher in CSCCs or HSILs than in LSILs or normal cervical tissues (P < .05). C8orf4 expression was positively correlated with the poor differentiation of CSCCs (P = .009), and with aberrant expression of ß-catenin in CSCCs (P = .002) and squamous intraepithelial lesions (P < .001). The methylation rate of C8orf4 in CSCCs was significantly lower than that in normal cervical tissues (P = .001). The Cancer Genome Atlas genomics data also confirmed that the mRNA expression of C8orf4 was positively associated with the copy number alteration of C8orf4 (correlation coefficient = 0.213, P < .001), and negatively correlated with the methylation level of C8orf4 (correlation coefficient = -0.408, P < .001). In conclusion, the expressions of C8orf4 and ß-catenin were synergistically increased in CSCCs and HSILs and higher than those in LSILs and normal cervical tissues. The methylation level of C8orf4 is decreased in CSCCs and is responsible for the increased expression of C8orf4.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , beta Catenina/biossíntese , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Adulto Jovem , beta Catenina/genética
14.
Life Sci ; 232: 116668, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326568

RESUMO

Gene regulatory mechanisms determine the multistep carcinogenesis process. Two aspects of epigenetics are microRNA (miRNAs) and DNA methylation that regulate distinct biological mechanisms such as metastasis, apoptosis cell proliferation and induction of senescence. Although critical, the interplay between these two epigenetic mechanisms is yet to be completely understood, particularly in cervical cancer. To study the DNA methylation regulation of miRNAs and its potential role in cervical cancer, we investigated the differential methylation pattern of two candidate miRNAs (miR-375 and miR-196a-1) during cervical cancer progression against normal cervical epithelium (NCE) by bisulfite DNA sequencing. miR-375 and miR-196a-1 were hypermethylated in Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC) against NCE and Cervical Intra-Epithelial Neoplasia (CIN) (p < 0.05). Treatment with demethylating agent reactivated the miR-375 and miR-196a-1 expression in SiHa, HeLa and CaSki cells. In vitro artificial methylation by M.SssI followed by dual luciferase assay confirmed miR-375 and miR-196a-1 as methylation regulated miRNAs (P < 0.05). miR-375 and miR-196a-1 expression levels were negatively correlated with methylation levels in clinical specimens. We further identified Replication Factor C Subunit 3 (RFC3) and High Mobility Group AT-Hook 1 (HMGA1) as targets of miR-375 and miR-196a-1 respectively by dual luciferase reporter assay. Our analysis indicates that miR-375 and miR-196a-1 are DNA methylation regulated miRNAs whose deregulation may facilitate pathophysiology of cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas HMGA/genética , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteína de Replicação C/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
15.
Anticancer Res ; 39(7): 3697-3709, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31262896

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cervical cancer is considered poorly chemo-sensitive in women and its treatment remains unsatisfactory. Cyperus rotundus is used in Chinese medicine as a therapeutic agent for women's disease. The effects and molecular mechanisms of the ethanol extraction of C. rotundus (CRE) on cervical cancer remain unclear. We aimed to explore the mechanisms and genetic influence of CRE on cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HeLa, human cervical cancer cells were treated with various doses of CRE and changes in cell morphology and cell viability were assessed using microscopy and flow cytometry. Finally, we performed a microarray analysis to scan related genes. RESULTS: The treatment of CRE on HeLa cells caused morphological changes and induced chromatin condensation. DNA microarray analysis showed that CRE led to up-regulation of 449 genes and down-regulation of 484 genes, which were classified in several interaction pathways. CONCLUSION: CRE changed HeLa cell morphology and induced gene expression which associated with apoptosis and cell-cycle arrest. These results provide important information at the transcription level for targeting treatments of human cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cyperus , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Etanol/química , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Solventes/química , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico
16.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 33, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that cancer susceptibility candidate 11 (CASC11), a newly discovered long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), was aberrantly overexpressed in hepatic carcinoma, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. However, its effects on cervical cancer has been kept unknown up to now. The present study was aimed to investigate the relationship between lncRNA CASC11 and cervical cancer and further explore the mechanism of CASC11 effect on cervical cancer progression. MATERIALS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of CASC11 in cancerous and adjacent normal tissues of patients with cervical cancer as well as in cell lines. The proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were assayed after transfecting the cell with si-CASC11 or pcDNA3.1-CASC11. TOP/FOP-Flash luciferase reporter assay and western blot were used to analysis the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Si-CASC11-transfected HeLa cells were subcutaneously inoculated into male athymic (nude) mice to investigate the effect of CASC11 on the tumor formation. RESULTS: We discovered that CASC11, the expression of which was positively associated with the tumor size and the FIGO staging and negatively related to the patients' survival rate, was up-regulated in the cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Silencing CASC11 inhibited the proliferation, migration as well as invasion and promoted the cell apoptosis. Conversely, overexpression of CASC11 facilitated the cancer cell's proliferation, migration and invasion ability and suppressed the apoptosis. Further study showed that CASC11 promoted the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and silencing CASC11 inhibited the tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that CASC11 promoted the cervical cancer progression by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway for the first time, which provides a new target or a potential diagnostic biomarker of the treatment for cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Camundongos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
17.
Gene ; 712: 143961, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279709

RESUMO

Since international federation of gynecology and obstetrics (FIGO) staging is mainly based on clinical assessment, an integrated approach for mining RNA based biomarkers for understanding the molecular deregulation of signaling pathways and RNAs in cervical cancer was proposed in this study. Publicly available data were mined for identifying significant RNAs after patient staging. Significant miRNA families were identified from mRNA-miRNA and lncRNA-miRNA interaction network analyses followed by stage specific mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA association network generation. Integrated bioinformatic analyses of selected mRNAs and lncRNAs were performed. Results suggest that HBA1, HBA2, HBB, SLC2A1, CXCL10 (stage I), PKIA (stage III) and S100A7 (stage IV) were important. miRNA family enrichment of interacting miRNA partners of selected RNAs indicated the enrichment of let-7 family. Assembly of collagen fibrils and other multimeric structures_Homosapiens_R-HSA-2022090 in pathway analysis and progesterone_CTD_00006624 in DSigDB analysis were the most significant and SLC2A1, hsa-miR-188-3p, hsa-miR-378a-3p and hsa-miR-150-5p were selected as survival markers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Mineração de Dados/métodos , RNA Neoplásico/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Colágeno/química , Metilação de DNA , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Papillomaviridae/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
18.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2794-2805, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336010

RESUMO

SALL4 is overexpressed in many cancers and is found to be involved in tumorigenesis and tumor progression. However, the function of SALL4 in cervical cancer remains unknown. Here, we showed that the expression of SALL4 was gradually increased from normal cervical tissue to high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions and then to squamous cervical carcinoma. SALL4 was upregulated or downregulated in cervical cancer cells by stably transfecting a SALL4-expressing plasmid or a shRNA plasmid targeting SALL4, respectively. In vitro, cell growth curves and MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazole-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assays showed that SALL4 promoted the cell proliferation of cervical cancer cells. In vivo, xenograft experiments verified that SALL4 enhanced the tumor formation of cervical cancer cells in female BALB/c Nude mice. Cell cycle analysis by fluorescence-activated cell sorting found that SALL4 accelerates cell cycle transition from the G0 /G1 phase to the S phase. TOP/FOP-Flash reporter assay revealed that SALL4 significantly upregulates the activity of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Western blotting showed that the expression levels of ß-catenin and important downstream genes, including c-Myc and cyclin D1, were increased by SALL4 in cervical cancer cells. Furthermore, dual-luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed that SALL4 transcriptionally activated CTNNB1 by physically interacting with its promoters. Taken together, The results of this study demonstrated that SALL4 may promote cell proliferation and tumor formation of cervical cancer cells by upregulating the activity of the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway by directly binding to the CTNNB1 promoter and trans-activating CTNNB1.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colo do Útero/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , beta Catenina/metabolismo
19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 154(2): 368-373, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the long-term risk for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse (CIN3+) among HPV positive women triaged with FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation analysis. METHODS: In a post hoc analysis, data on FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation, cytology, and HPV16/18 genotyping of HPV positive women (n = 1025) from a large population-based screening cohort with 14-year follow-up were evaluated. Cumulative CIN3+ incidences over 3 screening rounds (5-year intervals) of 4 triage strategies were compared: FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation analysis, cytology, HPV16/18 genotyping with FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation, and HPV16/18 genotyping with cytology. RESULTS: Kaplan-Meier estimates of 14-year cumulative CIN3+ incidence of HPV positive women with a negative methylation and a negative cytology triage test were comparable (16.3% and 15.6%, respectively). The cumulative CIN3+ incidence of methylation positive and cytology positive women were 39.8% and 46.5%, respectively. HPV16/18 genotyping with methylation and HPV16/18 genotyping with cytology resulted in the lowest 14-year cumulative CIN3+ incidence among triage negative women (10.7% and 10.0%, respectively), but cumulative CIN3+ incidence among triage positive women was lower (33.4% and 35.7%, respectively) compared with triage by methylation alone and cytology alone. CONCLUSIONS: Among HPV positive women of 30 years and older, a negative FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation triage test provides a similar long-term CIN3+ risk compared with a negative cytology triage test. Because of their high CIN3+ risk, women with a positive methylation triage test could be referred for colposcopy. Therefore, FAM19A4/miR124-2 methylation analysis is a promising alternative to cytology for triage of HPV positive women.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Citocinas/isolamento & purificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/classificação , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/epidemiologia , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Papillomavirus Humano 18 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , MicroRNAs/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/classificação , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia
20.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 100, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer has high prevalence and mortality rates in worldwide female population. Persistent infection by high-risk Human Papillomavirus (hr-HPV) is the main cause of this cancer. However, many environmental, genetical, and epigenetical cofactors can modulate viral infection and cervical carcinogenesis. Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T polymorphism is a genetic factor that has been associated with many pathologies, including cancer. Nevertheless, studies with cervical cancer presented controversial results, and varied according to ethnicity. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine association between MTHFR C677T polymorphism, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection and cervical cancer. METHODS: A case-control study was performed with 150 histological cervical samples. Case group were divided in Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN) grade I (n = 30), CIN II (n = 30), CIN III (n = 30), and Squamous Cervical Carcinoma (SCC) (n = 30). Control group was composed by 30 samples without lesion, presenting cervicitis. HPV detection was performed by conventional Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) with SPF primers set, and by real-time PCR specific for HPV 16 and hr-HPV. MTHFR C677T polymorphism was analyzed by PCR followed by Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP). RESULTS: Frequency of MTHFR CC genotype was 72.7% (n = 109), CT 23.3% (n = 35) and TT 4.0% (n = 6). Polymorphic T allele frequency was 15.7%. No statistically significant association was observed between MTHFR C677T polymorphism and presence of pre-neoplastic or neoplastic cervical lesions. Similar frequencies of T allele was observed in control (23.3%) and cases (13.3%) groups (p = 0.174). In addition, there was no statistically significant association between MTHFR C677T polymorphism and viral infection, even considering hr-HPV or HPV 16 positivity. CONCLUSION: MTHFR C677T polymorphism was not associated with cervical cancer and HPV infection.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Metilenotetra-Hidrofolato Redutase (NADPH2)/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infecções por Papillomavirus/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
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