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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 133-141, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Aberrant expression of the BMI1 oncogene has been prevalently found in a variety of human cancers, including cervical cancer. Recent studies have shown that PTC209, a specific BMI1 inhibitor, exhibits high potency in inhibiting the growth of colon, breast, oral cancer cells and cancer-initiating cells, indicative of its chemotherapeutic potential. In the current study, we evaluated the inhibitory abilities of PTC209 in cervical cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cervical cell lines, C33A, HeLa, and SiHa were treated with PTC209. The impacts of PTC209 on BMI1 were investigated using quantitative reverse-transcription PCR assay (qRT-PCR) and western blotting; changes in cell viability, cell cycle distribution, and apoptosis were assessed using cell viability testing, colony formation assay and flow cytometry analyses, respectively. RESULTS: PTC209 exhibited considerably high short-term and long-term cytotoxicities in all tested cervical cancer cell lines regardless of their HPV infection status, TP53 and pRb statuses. PTC209 significantly downregulated the expression of BMI1 in cervical cancer cell lines, and such downregulation led to G0/G1 arrest (p<0.05). Moreover, PTC209 drove more cells into apoptosis (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: PTC209 (BMI1-targeting agents, in general) represents a novel chemotherapeutic agent with potential in cervical cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(1): 92-98, 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914575

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of human papillomavirus (HPV) 16 early genes E2 and E6 and heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) E2 and their interaction effects in the progression of the cervical cancer. Methods: Women with normal cervix (NC), low cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅰ) and high cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ) from the cervical lesions cohort in Jiexiu County of Shanxi Province from June 2014 to September 2014, and patients with cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated at the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University in the same period were enrolled in this study. There were 257 participants, about 67 NC cases (26.07%), 69 CIN Ⅰ cases (26.85%), 68 CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ cases (26.46%), and 53 SCC cases (20.62%), respectively. The information of demographic characteristics, life health habits and cervical lesions were collected by using the structured questionnaire. Cervical exfoliated cells and cervical biopsy tissues were collected to detect the infection of HPV16 and the protein expression levels of hnRNP E2, HPV16 E2 and E6. According to the median-value of the protein expression levels of hnRNP E2, HPV16 E2 and E6 and E2/E6 ratio in the NC group, the study participants were divided into the high and low expression groups/ratio groups. The multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the correlation between HPV16 early gene E2 and E6, hnRNP E2 and cervical cancer. The interaction effect was analyzed by using the generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) model. Results: The ages of NC, CIN Ⅰ, CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC groups were (47.00±9.07), (47.64±7.35), (46.37±8.67) and (51.26±8.03) years old, respectively. The multivariate logistic regression model analysis showed that the HPV16 E2 low expression, E6 high expression and E2/E6 low ratio could increase the risk of CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ, about OR (95%CI) values 11.11 (1.63-75.56), 8.00 (1.28-50.04), and 9.75 (1.22-77.72), respectively and SCC, about OR (95%CI) values 14.22 (2.11-95.88), 10.33 (1.67-64.00), and 12.38 (1.56-97.91), respectively. The hnRNP E2 low expression could increase the risk of CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC, about OR (95%CI) values 3.35 (1.39-8.10) and 5.53 (1.54-19.88). The result of GMDR showed that there were interaction effects of the hnRNP E2 low expression, HPV16 E2 low expression and HPV16 E6 high expression in both CIN Ⅱ/Ⅲ and SCC groups. Conclusion: The HPV16 E2 low expression, HPV16 E6 high expression and hnRNP E2 low expression could increase the risk of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and cervical cancer, and they might have an important interaction effect in the progression of the cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Papillomavirus Humano 16/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , China , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
3.
Georgian Med News ; (294): 123-128, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31687963

RESUMO

Microenvironment plays central role in the development of cervical precancerous and cancerous lesions. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) represents a group of precancerous lesions, divided into three degrees. We investigated the distribution of intraepithelial lymphocytes and macrophages in different grades of CIN. We analysed lymphocyte marker CD103, macrophage marker CD68 and proliferation marker Ki67 using standard immunohistochemistry. In addition, we investigated the distribution of lymphocytes using standard haematoxylin and eosin method. The results of our study indicated thatgrade I CIN which subsequently progressed into grade II CIN was characterised with low lymphocytic infiltration, low lympho-epithelial index and low lymphocyte proliferation index. Similar results were seen in cases of CINII which were later progressed into CINIII or in carcinoma. Therefore, we would like to recommend the analysis of microenvironment alterations in CIN lesions, in order to assess their progression potential.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/patologia , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Antígenos CD/análise , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Antígeno Ki-67/análise , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
4.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 312, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the second-leading cause of cancer-related mortality in females. Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. ma-yuen (Rom.Caill.) Stapf ex Hook. f. is the most widely recognized medicinal herb for its remedial effects against inflammation, endocrine system dysfunctions, warts, chapped skin, rheumatism, and neuralgia and is also a nourishing food. METHODS: To investigate the activity of Coix lacryma-jobi sprout extract (CLSE) on cell proliferation in human cervical cancer HeLa cells, we conducted a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Flow-cytometric analysis and western blot analysis were performed to verify the effect of CLSE on the regulation of the cell cycle and apoptosis in HeLa cells. RESULTS: We observed that CLSE significantly inhibited cell proliferation. Furthermore, CLSE dose-dependently promoted cell cycle arrest at the sub-G1/ S phase in HeLa cells, as detected by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) staining. The cell-cycle-arrest effects of CLSE in HeLa cells were associated with downregulation of cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) 2, 4, and 6. Moreover, CLSE induced apoptosis, as determined by flow-cytometric analysis and nuclear DNA fragmentation with Annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) and 4'6'-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. Induction of apoptosis by CLSE was involved in inhibition of the antiapoptotic protein B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) and upregulation of the apoptotic proteins p53, cleaved poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), cleaved caspase-3, and cleaved caspase-8. Finally, we observed that CLSE inactivated the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and protein kinase B (AKT) pathways. CONCLUSIONS: CLSE causes cell cycle arrest and apoptotic cell death through inactivation of the PI3K/AKT pathway in HeLa cells, suggesting it is a viable therapeutic agent for cervical cancer owing to its anticancer effects.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma/fisiopatologia , Coix/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/fisiopatologia , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Caspase 8/genética , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Coix/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Feminino , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
5.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(5): 701-707, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762241

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression level of silencing information regulatory 2 (SIRT2) in cervical cancer and CIN tissues and its clinical significance. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was carried out to examine the expression of SIRT2 in 262 cases of cervical cancer tissues, 75 cases of precancerous lesions and 75 cases of normal cervical tissues, and the clinical implications of SIRT2 was further analyzed. The protein expression level of SIRT2 in 40 cervical cancer fresh tissue samples and 20 normal cervical tissue samples was detected by Western blot. shRNA-SIRT2 virus was transfected into HeLa cells to obtain the SIRT2-down-regulated HeLa cells. And the influence of down-regulation of SIRT2 on cell proliferation and migration was investigated by MTT and Scratch test. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical results showed that SIRT2 protein expression level gradually increased in cervical cancer, CIN and normal cervix tissues (P < 0.001). Western blot confirmed that SIRT2 expression level was higher in cervical cancer tissues than in normal cervix tissues (P < 0.001). The expression level of SIRT2 in cervical cancer was correlated with some factors, such as lymph node metastasis, histological type, clinical staging and HPV infection (P < 0.05). At the same time, it was independent of some factors including age, differentiation degree, pelvic metastasis, whether involving the cervical interstitial and the involvement depth and whether involving the neck junction and vaginal ends (P>0.05). Mortality in SIRT2 high expression patient group was higher than that of SIRT2 low expression patient group (P < 0.05). shRNA interference technique could effectively inhibit the expression level of SIRT2 in HeLa cells (P < 0.05). MTT assay and Scratch test indicated that down-regulation of SIRT2 expression inhibited the proliferation and migration of HeLa cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SIRT2 may play a promoting role in the progress of cervical cancer, and SIRT2 may be related to the development of malignant degree of cervical cancer, and the inhibition of SIRT2 expression may be a potential therapeutic target for cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Sirtuína 2/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Metástase Linfática
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17225, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567982

RESUMO

The present study is to analyze the difference of gene methylation in early cervical adenocarcinoma and to find molecular markers for predicting the occurrence and development of cervical adenocarcinoma.A total of 15 cases of primary cervical adenocarcinoma and 10 cases of primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma at stages IB1 or IIA1 were included in the study. Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip (850K) was used to screen specifically expressed genes in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues. Bisulfite sequencing polymerase chain reaction (BSP) and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were used to verify the methylation levels in cervical adenocarcinoma, cervical squamous cell carcinoma, and normal cervical tissues.Sex determining region Y-box 1 (SOX1) and cyclin D1 (CCND1) genes participated in multiple signaling pathways, being the central nodes of gene regulatory networks. SOX1 gene, but not CCND1 gene, was a specifically methylated gene in cervical adenocarcinoma according to BSP. According to qRT-PCR, methylation level of SOX1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues or normal cervical tissues, and the methylation level of CCND1 in cervical adenocarcinoma tissues or cervical squamous cell carcinoma tissues is significantly different from that in normal cervical tissues.The present study demonstrates that tumor-suppressor gene SOX1 is a methylation-specific expression gene of cervical adenocarcinoma and is expected to become a specific molecular marker for the diagnosis of cervical adenocarcinoma. However, CCND1 gene was not proven to be a specific methylation expression gene in cervical adenocarcinoma in the present study.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Fatores de Transcrição SOXB1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 4805-4810, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Ro 90-7501 has been reported as an inhibitor of the amyloid ß42 fibril assembly that is associated with Alzheimer's disease. The present study aimed to elucidate the radiosensitizing effects of Ro 90-7501 and focused on ATM signaling after irradiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clonogenic survival, apoptosis, and cell-cycle assays as well as western blotting were performed in HeLa cells treated with irradiation and Ro 90-7501. Tumor growth delay assay was also performed using BALB/c-nu mice. RESULTS: The combination of irradiation with Ro 90-7501 showed significant radiosensitizing effects in clonogenic survival and tumor growth delay assays. Ro 90-7501 significantly increased apoptosis and impaired cell cycle after irradiation. Western blotting showed that Ro 90-7501 suppressed the phosphorylation of ATM and its downstream proteins, such as H2AX, Chk1, and Chk2, after irradiation. CONCLUSION: Ro 90-7501 inhibits DNA damage response by inhibiting ATM and has significant radiosensitizing effects on cervical cancer cells.


Assuntos
Aminas/farmacologia , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo , Benzimidazóis/farmacologia , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Modelos Biológicos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
8.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(8): 1096-1101, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523171

RESUMO

Objective: Efficient and highly predictive biomarkers reflecting the prognosis of persistent atypical squamous cells of unknown significance(ASCUS) and low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion(LSIL)s are unavailable and need to be developed urgently. We aimed to develop a predictive model for diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia(CIN)2+ by analyzing the immunocytochemical expression of the HPV L1 capsid protein in patients with persistent ASCUS and LSIL with a high risk of HPV infection. Methods: Cervical cytology samples comprising (70 ASCUS and 215 LSIL Pap smears) were analyzed. Immunocytochemical identification of the HPV L1 capsid protein in cervical cytology samples was performed. Expression levels of HPV L1 capsid protein in cervical cytology samples were measured, and the correlation between HPV L1 expression and cervical pathologic diagnosis was evaluated. The risk for CIN2+ was calculated using the results of immunocytochemistry and the HPV DNA test. Results: Negative results for HPV L1 immunochemistry test were more frequently observed in CIN2+, and expression of the HPV L1 capsid protein was higher in CIN1 or cervicitis (Fisher's exact test, p<0.05). Diagnosis rates for CIN2+ were highest for the combination of HPV L1 capsid protein immunocytochemistry, cytology and HPV test when compared with other combinations (Akaike information criterion (AIC): 191.7, Schwarz criterion(SC): 206.3, p<0.001). Conclusion: Absence of HPV L1 capsid expression and presence of HPV type 16 or 18 infection are reliable predictors of progression to CIN2+ in patients showing persistent ASCUS and LSIL.


Assuntos
Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/virologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Proteínas do Capsídeo/análise , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/virologia , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/análise , Infecções por Papillomavirus/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/patologia , Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Esfregaço Vaginal , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 392, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31488179

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radioresistance remains a challenge to the successful treatment of various tumors. Intrinsic factors like alterations in signaling pathways regulate response to radiation. RhoC, which has been shown to modulate several tumor phenotypes has been investigated in this report for its role in radioresistance. In vitro and clinical sample-based studies have been performed to understand its contribution to radiation response in cervical cancer and this is the first report to establish the role of RhoC and its effector ROCK2 in cervical cancer radiation response. METHODS: Biochemical, transcriptomic and immunological approaches including flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were used to understand the role of RhoC and ROCK2. RhoC variants, siRNA and chemical inhibitors were used to alter the function of RhoC and ROCK2. Transcriptomic profiling was performed to understand the gene expression pattern of the cells. Live sorting using an intracellular antigen has been developed to isolate the cells for transcriptomic studies. RESULTS: Enhanced expression of RhoC conferred radioprotection on the tumor cells while inhibition of RhoC resulted in sensitization of cells to radiation. The RhoC overexpressing cells had a better DNA repair machinery as observed using transcriptomic analysis. Similarly, overexpression of ROCK2, protected tumor cells against radiation while its inhibition increased radiosensitivity in vitro. Further investigations revealed that ROCK2 inhibition abolished the radioresistance phenotype, conferred by RhoC on SiHa cells, confirming that it is a downstream effector of RhoC in this context. Additionally, transcriptional analysis of the live sorted ROCK2 high and ROCK2 low expressing SiHa cells revealed an upregulation of the DNA repair pathway proteins. Consequently, inhibition of ROCK2 resulted in reduced expression of pH2Ax and MRN complex proteins, critical to repair of double strand breaks. Clinical sample-based studies also demonstrated that ROCK2 inhibition sensitizes tumor cells to irradiation. CONCLUSIONS: Our data primarily indicates that RhoC and ROCK2 signaling is important for the radioresistance phenotype in cervical cancer tumor cells and is regulated via association of ROCK2 with the proteins of DNA repair pathway involving pH2Ax, MRE11 and RAD50 proteins, partly offering insights into the mechanism of radioresistance in tumor cells. These findings highlight RhoC-ROCK2 signaling involvement in DNA repair and urge the need for development of these molecules as targets to alleviate the non-responsiveness of cervical cancer tumor cells to irradiation treatment.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Quinases Associadas a rho/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a GTP rhoC/genética , Proteína de Ligação a GTP rhoC/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Ligação Proteica , Transcriptoma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia
10.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 865, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the expression of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 in bulky cervical squamous carcinoma and its predictive role in cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Initially, the expression of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 protein was analyzed in 13 human cervical squamous cancer tissues and their paired adjacent non-cancerous tissues by western-blotting and immunohistochemistry. Then, correlation between the expression of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 2 and responses to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy was analyzed in 35 paired tumor samples (pre- and post-chemotherapy) from bulky cervical squamous cancer patients by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: A clinical response occurred in 48.6% (17/35) of patients, including 14.3% (5/35) with a complete response and 34.3% (12/35) with a partial response. The expression of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 was much higher in cervical squamous cancer tissues compared with paired adjacent non-cancerous tissues by western-blotting and immunohistochemistry. Additionally, the expression of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 was significantly up-regulated in post-chemotherapy tissues compared to pre-chemotherapy cervical cancer tissues. High levels of thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 were associated with a poor chemotherapy response in cervical squamous cancer patients. CONCLUSIONS: Thioredoxin 1, peroxiredoxin 1 and peroxiredoxin 2 are frequently over-expressed in cervical squamous cancer. High expression levels of these proteins were related to a poor response to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The present study is the first report that thioredoxin peroxidase system may serve as a prediction of the responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in cervical squamous cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Peroxirredoxinas/metabolismo , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
11.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(10): 2573-2582, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385027

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Invasive stratified mucin-producing carcinoma (i-SMILE) represents a recently recognized subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma (AC) developing in a background of a stratified mucin-producing intraepithelial lesion (SMILE). Clinical and prognostic data on i-SMILE are limited. METHODS: We report a series of five cases with histopathological, immunohistochemical (p16) and PCR analyses. The cases as well as the patients previously published in the literature were reviewed for follow-up information. RESULTS: Thirteen cases were identified. The mean age of 47.1 years (range 34-66) was not different from the usual type of cervical AC. 10/13 cases presented with tumors > 2 cm and a polypoid-exophytic appearance. Regardless of tumor size and stage of the disease, 7 out of 11 patients developed recurrent disease after a mean of 7.8 months (range 6 weeks-36 months). Five patients developed distant metastases (three of them in the lungs). Five out of the 11 informative cases died of the disease. All reported cases were positive for high-risk HPV (mainly HPV type 18) and associated with p16-overexpression. CONCLUSION: i-SMILE represent a distinct subtype of invasive endocervical AC, associated high-risk HPV infection and strong p16-overexpression. Clinically, i-SMILE may represent an aggressive tumor with early recurrent disease and substantial risk of distant metastatic disease, especially to the lungs.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Mucinas/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
12.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 37(7): 534-544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418900

RESUMO

Chemotherapeutic drugs that induce DNA damage have the potential to kill cancer cells, but DNA repair protects cells from damage-induced cell death. Thus, eliminating DNA repair is a potential approach to overcome cell drug resistance. In this study, we observed that the gene expression of C-terminal binding protein interacting protein (CTIP) was promoted by TNF-α stimulation and prevented TNF-α-induced double-strand breaks (DSBs) in the genomes of cervical cancer cells. The putative miR-130b targeted site within 3' untranslated region (UTR) of CTIP mRNA was identified through in silico analysis and confirmed based on experimental data. By targeting the CTIP gene, miR-130b caused the accumulation of DSBs and accelerated cell apoptosis in combination with poly ADP ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors. Additionally, overexpression of the CTIP gene elevated cancer cell viability by promoting proliferation while miR-130b antagonized CTIP-stimulated cell reproduction. Consequently, miR-130b destruction of DNA repair should be employed as a strategy to treat cervical cancer. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: Cervical cancer threatens the health of women all over the world. In this study, we observed that miR-130b was able to cause the accumulation of DNA double-strand breaks through suppressing the gene expression of C-terminal binding protein interacting protein and to accelerate cell apoptosis by preventing DNA damage repairs in cervical cancer cells. As far as we know, the impact of miR-130b on the DNA double-strand break repair and on the cell apoptosis induced by the destruction of DNA repair in cervical cancer cells was firstly documented. It is reasonable to believe that miR-130b destruction of DNA repair may be employed as a strategy to treat cervical cancer in the future.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases do Álcool/metabolismo , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Reparo do DNA , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
13.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 135-143, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The altered miRNAs expression in cervical cancer tissue can be a critical player during tumorigenesis, may contribute to tumor cell heterogeneity and may determine distinct phenotypes within the tumor. Recent studies have highlighted the role of circulating miRNAs as a minimally-invasive biomarker and its potential as biosignature to complement routine tissue-based procedures. METHODS: In order to determine whether miRNAs in serum can indicate changes in cervical tissue specimens, we performed small RNA sequencing and selected miRNAs were validated using qRT-PCR in serum and tissue specimens (n = 115). Further, luciferase assay were performed to investigate the interactions between hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p binding sites on 3'UTR region of MTF2 and ST18 respectively. RESULTS: We have identified a total of 14 differentially expressed miRNAs common in serum and tissue specimens. Among them, hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-32-5p and hsa-miR-454-3p were upregulated while, hsa-miR-409-3p was downregulated in serum and tissue of cervical cancer subjects. Our in-silico small RNA sequencing data analysis identified isomiRs and classified miRNA into clusters and subtypes (exonic, intronic and intergenic) with respect to the expression status in serum and tissue specimens. Expression level of hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p were inversely correlated with their target genes MTF2 and ST18 levels respectively in human cervical cancer specimens. Luciferase assay demonstrated that hsa-miR-409-3p and hsa-miR-454-3p functionally interacts with 3'-UTR of MTF2 and ST18 respectively to decrease their activity. CONCLUSION: Our results support the significant role of circulating miRNAs in disease dissemination and their potential utility as biosignatures of clinical relevance.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/genética , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/metabolismo , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Biópsia Líquida , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Regulação para Cima , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
14.
Life Sci ; 235: 116785, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445025

RESUMO

AIMS: Hsa_circ_0007534 has been reported to be a novel cancer-related circRNA affecting multiple cancers. However, little is known about the role of hsa_circ_0007534 in cervical cancer specifically. In the current study, we aimed to explore the expression and function of hsa_circ_0007534 in cervical cancer. MAIN METHODS: The expression of circRNA, miRNA and mRNA was measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reactions. Protein expression was assessed by Western blot. Knockdown of has_circ_0007534 was achieved by siRNA-mediated gene silencing. Cell proliferation was determined using a cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays. Cell invasion was assessed using a Transwell invasion assay. RNA interactions were measured using an RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assays. KEY FINDINGS: The expression of hsa_circ_0007534 was upregulated in cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Depletion of hsa_circ_0007534 decreased both the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells. MicroRNA-498 (miR-498) was identified as a target of the miRNA encoded by hsa_circ_0007534. Levels of miR-498 were decreased in cervical cancer tissues, a finding that was inversely correlated with hsa_circ_0007534 expression. miR-498 overexpression repressed the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer cells. B-cell-specific Moloney murine leukemia virus integration site 1 (BMI-1) was verified as a target gene of miR-498. BMI-1 overexpression reversed the effects of hsa_circ_0007534 depletion or miR-498 overexpression on cervical cancer cell proliferation and invasion. SIGNIFICANCE: Our study demonstrates that downregulation of hsa_circ_0007534 represses the proliferation and invasion of cervical cancer through regulating the miR-498/BMI-1 axis, suggesting the hsa_circ_0007534/miR-498/BMI-1 axis as a potential therapeutic target to treat cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , MicroRNAs/genética , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/metabolismo , RNA/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
15.
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol ; 33: 2058738419869489, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462112

RESUMO

Polysaccharides from Ganoderma lucidum have been demonstrated to possess diverse biological activities. Despite lots of studies on the biological activities of Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (GLP), little is known regarding the medicinal potential of low-molecular weight enzymatically hydrolyzed Ganoderma lucidum polysaccharide (EGLP). EGLP was prepared by enzymatic degradation and its potential effects in U14 cervical tumor-bearing mice were evaluated. Both GLP and EGLP delayed tumor growth of the tumor xenograft. The EGLP was superior to native polysaccharide. Moreover, EGLP treatment could effectively protect the immune organs of U14 cervical carcinoma-bearing mice. In addition, the EGLP treatment ameliorated oxidative stress as compared with cyclophosphamide (CTX). Compared with the MC group, the expression of Bcl-2 and COX-2 was obviously decreased by EGLP treatment, whereas the expression of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 was obviously increased. These results indicated that EGLP showed stronger antitumor activity with lower toxic effects and had the potential to be a novel antitumor agent.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Polissacarídeos/uso terapêutico , Reishi/química , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Celulase/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Hidrólise , Camundongos , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
16.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 151-160, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375269

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Toll-like receptors constitute an important component of innate immune mechanism. HPV is a known etiological factor of cervical cancer and is known to interfere with the expression of TLRs and downstream signaling pathway. It remains poorly understood whether HPV modulates the expression of TLRs. Hence, understanding HPV mediated immune alterations might aid in identifying novel therapeutic targets. The aim was to study the relative gene expression of TLRs & downstream signaling pathway in cervical carcinoma. METHODS: Cervical squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) and normal cervical tissues were obtained. Subsequent to HPV genotyping, mRNA expression profiling using PCR Array was performed. Protein expression of relevant genes with western blot was studied. Levels of cytokines in cervicovaginal washes were estimated using a Luminex multiplex platform. RESULTS: All cases of cervical cancer were HR-HPV positive and predominant subtype was HPV16 (71.1%). Significant TLR4 upregulation and TLR2,7 downregulation were observed in HR-HPV infected cervix. TLR4,7 demonstrated low expression in CSCC. Molecules from cancer allied pathways; RELA, AKT, CDKN2A, and MDM2 demonstrated upregulation in CSCC. Protein expression data corroborated with gene expression profile. A diminished level of Th1 cytokines TNF-α, IFN-É£, IL-17, and IL-12 was observed in CSCC. Significantly increased levels of IL-1ß, IL-6 and IL-2 were detected in HR-HPV infected cervix. Kaplan Meier curve demonstrated high TLR4 and low TLR7 expression was associated with poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the HPV mediated dampening of the innate immune response in CSCC and provides support for exploring potential TLR2, 7 agonists as an adjunct therapy in CSCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/virologia , Papillomavirus Humano 16/fisiologia , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/genética , Infecções por Papillomavirus/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Taxa de Sobrevida , Receptores Toll-Like/biossíntese , Receptores Toll-Like/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(15)2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362365

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence indicates that epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1 (ESRP1) can inhibit the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), thus playing a central role in regulating the metastatic progression of tumors. However, it is still not clear whether ESRP1 directly influences the cell cycle, or what the possible underlying molecular mechanisms are. In this study, we showed that ESRP1 protein levels were significantly correlated with the Ki-67 proliferative index (r = -0.521; p < 0.01), and that ESRP1 overexpression can significantly inhibit cervical carcinoma cell proliferation and induced G1-phase arrest by downregulating cyclin A2 expression. Importantly, ESRP1 can bind to GGUGGU sequence in the 3'UTR of the cyclin A2 mRNA, and ESRP1 overexpression significantly decreases the stability of the cyclin A2 mRNA. In addition, our experimental results confirm that ESRP1 overexpression results in enhanced CDC20 expression, which is known to be responsible for cyclin A2 degradation. This study provides the first evidence that ESRP1 overexpression induces G1-phase cell cycle arrest via reducing the stability of the cyclin A2 mRNA, and inhibits cervical carcinoma cell proliferation. The findings suggest that the ESRP1/cyclin A2 regulatory axis may be essential as a regulator of cell proliferation, and may thus represent an attractive target for cervical cancer prevention and treatment.


Assuntos
Ciclina A2/genética , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Estabilidade de RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Proteínas Cdc20/genética , Proteínas Cdc20/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclina A2/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Modelos Biológicos , Ligação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
18.
Oncol Rep ; 42(4): 1451-1458, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364732

RESUMO

Epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) is closely related to tumor metastasis, and offers insight into novel strategies for cancer treatment. HMQ­T­F2 (F2) is a taspine derivative, which has excellent anticancer activity in human cervical cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of F2 on in vitro migration of HeLa cells. The present data demonstrated that F2 inhibited migration of HeLa cells by negatively regulating the Wnt signaling pathway and reversing EMT. F2 not only mediated Frizzled8, p­LRP6 and LRP6 expression, but also downregulated the phosphorylation of GSK3ß, and concurrently decreased the nucleus protein expression of MMP2, MMP3, MMP7, MMP9, and c­Myc. In addition, the expression of N­cadherin, vimentin, Snail and HIF­1α were downregulated and that of E­cadherin was upregulated after F2 treatment. F2 was also associated with the downregulation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathways. Notably, F2 induced HeLa cell accumulation at the S phase and cell apoptosis. These results provide evidence that F2 inhibits HeLa cell migration, proliferation and promotes apoptosis. It also reverses EMT, potentially via the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Therefore, F2 may be a potential therapeutic reagent against cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Alcaloides/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Fase S/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295843

RESUMO

Acquired paclitaxel (PTX) resistance limits its effectiveness and results in advanced cancer progression. This review investigated whether the inhibition of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling overcomes paclitaxel resistance in cervical cancer. It was established paclitaxel-resistant cell lines (PTX-R ME180/PTX-R HeLa) and determined the combination index for paclitaxel and PI3K inhibitors (BYL-719/ LY294002) by tetrazolium dye assay. Flow cytometry was used to detect the cell cycle and apoptosis. Migration and invasion were explored by wound healing and transwell assays. Genes related to multiple pathways were assessed by a western blot. It was found that the PI3K pathway was significantly activated in paclitaxel-resistant HeLa and ME180 cells compared to parental cells. PTX + PI3K inhibitor combined therapy showed a synergistic effect by strengthening paclitaxel-induced S and G2M arrest in PTX-R cell sublines by the inactivation of cyclin A1, cyclin B1, cyclin E, and Cdc2 expression. Moreover, combination therapy significantly enhanced drug sensitivity and apoptosis through the activation of Bax, and cleavage of poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase compared with paclitaxel alone. In addition, PI3K inhibition also suppressed tumor migration and invasion by targeting ß-catenin and matrix metalloproteinase-2/9. The authors suggest that the combination of a PI3K inhibitor with paclitaxel may enhance antitumor activity through a cascade of PI3K signaling events.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Dano ao DNA , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Variação Genética , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo
20.
PLoS Biol ; 17(7): e3000367, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323018

RESUMO

Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are causative agents of various diseases associated with cellular hyperproliferation, including cervical cancer, one of the most prevalent tumors in women. E7 is one of the two HPV-encoded oncoproteins and directs recruitment and subsequent degradation of tumor-suppressive proteins such as retinoblastoma protein (pRb) via its LxCxE motif. E7 also triggers tumorigenesis in a pRb-independent pathway through its C-terminal domain, which has yet been largely undetermined, with a lack of structural information in a complex form with a host protein. Herein, we present the crystal structure of the E7 C-terminal domain of HPV18 belonging to the high-risk HPV genotypes bound to the catalytic domain of human nonreceptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase 14 (PTPN14). They interact directly and potently with each other, with a dissociation constant of 18.2 nM. Ensuing structural analysis revealed the molecular basis of the PTPN14-binding specificity of E7 over other protein tyrosine phosphatases and also led to the identification of PTPN21 as a direct interacting partner of E7. Disruption of HPV18 E7 binding to PTPN14 by structure-based mutagenesis impaired E7's ability to promote keratinocyte proliferation and migration. Likewise, E7 binding-defective PTPN14 was resistant for degradation via proteasome, and it was much more effective than wild-type PTPN14 in attenuating the activity of downstream effectors of Hippo signaling and negatively regulating cell proliferation, migration, and invasion when examined in HPV18-positive HeLa cells. These results therefore demonstrated the significance and therapeutic potential of the intermolecular interaction between HPV E7 and host PTPN14 in HPV-mediated cell transformation and tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/química , Proteínas Oncogênicas Virais/genética , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/química , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/genética , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/química , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/genética , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
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