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1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 600-608, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957748

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early cervical adenocarcinoma. Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed by reviewing medical records of patients with staging Ⅰb1-Ⅱa2 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO, 2009) cervical adenocarcinoma who underwent laparoscopic or abdominal radical hysterectomy from 2007 to 2017 in the Cancer Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. The difference among clinicopathologic characteristics, surgery-related parameters and complications, and prognosis were analyzed between the laparoscopic group and abdominal group. Results: Two hundreds and ninety-three patients were included with 88 cases in laparoscopic group and 205 cases in abdominal group. (1) There was no significant difference in clinicopathologic characteristics between the two groups (all P>0.05), including age, body mass index, menopause status, history of abdominal surgery, clinical stage, tumor diameter, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, differentiation, lymph-vascular space invasion, positive of surgical margin, parametrial invasion, and lymph node metastasis. But the abdominal group showed a higher proportion of deep stromal invasion (38.5% vs 25.0%, P<0.05). No significant difference was observed between two groups with number of lymph nodes resected, urinary catheter retention, short-term surgical complications (including ureteral injury, ileus, infection, hydronephrosis and poor wound healing), and long-term complications (including voiding dysfunction, defecation dysfunction and lower limb edema; all P>0.05). (2) The laparoscopic group was significantly associated with a longer operation time [(260±51) minutes vs (244±53) minutes, P<0.05], but less bleeding (100 ml vs 300 ml, P<0.01), shorter hospital stay [(13±5) days vs (16±8) days, P<0.01] and lower incidence of lymphedema (12.5% vs 27.8%, P<0.01). (3) The 5-year progression-free survival (PFS; 85.7% vs 86.4%, P=0.971) and 5-year overall survival (OS; 91.4% vs 93.0%, P=0.657) of laparoscopic group were comparable to that of abdominal group. (4) Multivariate analysis demonstrated that lymph node metastasis (HR=2.44, 95%CI: 1.16-5.15, P=0.019) was independent poor prognostic factors related to PFS, while adenosquamous carcinoma (HR=2.54, 95%CI: 1.02-6.35, P=0.046), lymph-vascular space invasion (HR=3.86, 95%CI: 1.60-9.33, P=0.003) and lymph node metastasis (HR=5.92, 95%CI: 2.45-14.34, P<0.01) were independent poor prognostic factors related to OS. The laparoscopy surgery was not an independent poor prognostic factor (P=0.396). Conclusion: The laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early cervical adenocarcinoma has comparable prognosis to abdominal radical hysterectomy with a higher surgery quality.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , China/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
2.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 609-616, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957749

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer in stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy or abdominal radical hysterectomy. Methods: From January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2018, patients with stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 who underwent laparoscopic or abdominal radical hysterectomy (laparoscopic group and abdominal group) in Peking University People's Hospital were collected. The clinicopathological data were retrospectively analyzed. There were 237 cases in this study, including 115 cases in laparoscopic group and 122 cases in abdominal group. The clinicopathological characteristics, surgery-related complications, recurrence and death were analyzed between the two groups. The related factors of recurrence and death were also analyzed.During laparoscopic surgery, the pressure of the carbon dioxide pneumoperitoneum were controlled, to try avoid the tumor tissue in the vagina from being exposed to the abdominal cavity when taking out the uterine specimen through the vagina, and fully flushed the abdominal cavity with sterile water after the specimen was taken out. Results: (1) Clinicopathological characteristics: there was no significant differences between the two groups among age, pathological type, pathological grade, clinical stage, depth of interstitial infiltration, lymph node metastasis,parametrial infiltration, vaginal stump infiltration, lymph-vascular space invasion (LVSI), neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and postoperative adjuvant treatments (all P>0.05). (2) Surgery-related complications: the incidence of surgery-related complications in the laparoscopic group and the abdominal group were 32.2% (37/115) and 25.4% (31/122), respectively. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). (3) Recurrence and death: during the follow-up period, the recurrence rates of the laparoscopic group and the abdominal group were respectively 15.7% (18/115) and 12.3% (15/122). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups (P=0.456). The 5-year overall survival rates of the laparoscopic group and the open group were 86.8% and 87.8%, and the 5-year tumor-free survival rates were 81.7% and 84.6%, respectively. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups (P=0.405, P=0.429). (4) Analysis of related factors of recurrence and death: univariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy, lymph node metastasis, vaginal stump infiltration, LVSI and interstitial infiltration depth were risk factors for postoperative recurrence of cervical cancer patients (all P<0.05); neoadjuvant chemotherapy, lymph node metastasis, parametrial infiltration, vaginal stump infiltration, LVSI and interstitial infiltration depth were risk factors for postoperative death in patients with cervical cancer (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that neoadjuvant chemotherapy and lymph node metastasis were independent risk factors for postoperative recurrence and death of cervical cancer patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: There is no significant difference in the prognosis of patients with cervical cancer in stage Ⅰb2-Ⅱa2 undergoing laparoscopic radical hysterectomy with non-touch operative technique and abdominal radical hysterectomy.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
3.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(8): 1089-1098, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women worldwide, causing more than 300 000 deaths globally each year. In addition to screening and prevention, effective cancer treatment is needed to reduce cervical cancer mortality. We discuss the role of imaging in cervical cancer management and estimate the potential survival effect of scaling up imaging in several different contexts. METHODS: Using a previously developed microsimulation model of global cancer survival, we estimated stage-specific cervical cancer 5-year net survival in 200 countries and territories. We evaluated the potential survival effect of scaling up treatment (chemotherapy, surgery, radiotherapy, and targeted therapy), and imaging modalities (ultrasound, x-ray, CT, MRI, PET, and single photon emission CT [SPECT]) to the mean level of high-income countries, both individually and in combination. FINDINGS: We estimate global cervical cancer 5-year net survival as 42·1% (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 33·8-48·5). Among individual imaging modalities, expanding MRI would yield the largest 5-year survival gains globally (data are absolute percentage point increase in survival 0·6, 95% UI 0·1-2·1), scaling up ultrasound would yield the largest gains in low-income countries (0·5, 0·0-3·7), expanding CT and x-ray would have the greatest effect in Latin America (0·8, 0·0-3·4) and Oceania (0·4, 0·0-3·2), and expanding PET would yield the largest gains in high-income countries (0·2, 0·0-0·8). Scaling up SPECT did not show major changes in any region. Among individual treatment modalities, scaling up radiotherapy would yield the largest absolute percentage point gains in low-income countries (5·2, 0·3-13·5), and expanding surgery would have the largest effect in lower-middle-income countries (7·4, 0·3-21·1) and upper-middle-income countries (0·8, 0·0-2·9). Estimated survival gains in high-income countries were very modest. However, the gains from expanding any single treatment or imaging modality individually were small across all income levels and geographical settings. Scaling up all treatment modalities could improve global 5-year net survival to 52·4% (95% UI 44·6-62·0). In addition to expanding treatment, improving quality of care could raise survival to 57·5% (51·2-63·5), and the cumulative effect of scaling up all imaging modalities together with expanded treatment and quality of care could improve 5-year net survival for cervical cancer to 62·5% (57·7-67·8). INTERPRETATION: Comprehensive scale-up of treatment, imaging, and quality of care could substantially improve global cervical cancer 5-year net survival, with quality of care and imaging improvements each contributing about 25% of the total potential gains. These findings suggest that a narrow focus on the availability of treatment modalities could forgo substantial survival gains. Investments in imaging equipment, personnel, and quality of care efforts will also be needed to successfully scale up cervical cancer treatment worldwide. FUNDING: Harvard T H Chan School of Public Health and National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Países Desenvolvidos/estatística & dados numéricos , Países em Desenvolvimento/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21328, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791729

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to report the clinicopathological characteristics and treatment outcomes of 45 rectal cancer patients who have a history of cervical cancer with or without remote radiotherapy. Twenty-nine patients (64.4%) with a history of cervical cancer treated with pelvic radiotherapy were classified as group A, 16 (35.6%) patients with a history of cervical cancer not treated with radiotherapy were classified as group B. The median duration between radiotherapy for cervical cancer and rectal adenocarcinoma diagnosis was 18 years. At the time of rectal cancer diagnosis, 5 (17.2%) patients presented stage I disease, 15 (51.7%) had stage II, 1 (3.4%) had stage III, and 8 (27.6%) had stage IV. The patients in group A had older age, higher rates of gross ulcerative lesions, low hemoglobin levels, and a lower rate of lymph node metastases. The patients with secondary rectal cancer developed after radiotherapy for cervical cancer usually presented with abnormal abdominal symptoms, such as proctitis, cystitis, or rectal fistula. Higher colostomy rate was found in this group of patients due to severe pelvic fibrosis or proctitis.


Assuntos
Segunda Neoplasia Primária/patologia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colostomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cistite/epidemiologia , Cistite/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Induzidas por Radiação/epidemiologia , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/epidemiologia , Proctite/epidemiologia , Proctite/etiologia , Prognóstico , Fístula Retal/epidemiologia , Fístula Retal/etiologia , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/radioterapia
5.
Acta Cytol ; 64(6): 547-555, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683364

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Several studies have implicated the PIK3/AKT pathway in the pathophysiology of cancer progression as its activation seems to be aberrant in several forms of cancer. The purpose of the present systematic review is to evaluate the impact of PIK3CA mutations on survival outcomes of patients with cervical cancer. METHODS: We used the Medline (1966-2020), Scopus (2004-2020), ClinicalTrials.gov (2008-2020), EMBASE (1980-2020), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (1999-2020), and Google Scholar (2004-2020) databases in our primary search along with the reference lists of electronically retrieved full-text papers. Statistical meta-analysis was performed with the RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: Overall, 12 articles were included in the present study that comprised 2,196 women with cervical cancer. Of those, 3 studies did not report significant differences in survival outcomes among patients with mutated versus wild-type PIK3CA tumors, 5 studies reported decreased survival outcomes, and 3 studies revealed increased survival rates. The meta-analysis revealed that patients with the mutated PIK3CA genotypes had worse overall survival compared to patients with wild-type PIK3CA (HR 2.31; 95% CI: 1.51, 3.55; 95% PI: 0.54, 9.96; data from 3 studies) and the same was observed in the case of DFS rates (HR 1.82; 95% CI: 1.47, 2.25; 95% PI: 1.29, 2.56; data from 4 studies). CONCLUSION: Current evidence concerning the impact of PIK3CA mutations on survival outcomes of patients with cervical cancer is inconclusive, although the majority of included studies support a potential negative effect, primarily among those with squamous cell carcinoma tumors.


Assuntos
Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Gerenciamento de Dados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605159

RESUMO

Changes that took place in Europe in the early 1990s had an impact on health-associated issues. They were an impulse for the changes in healthcare systems and, consequently, also for the changes in cancer control programmes. Those changes also had an effect on mortality rates due to cervical cancer (CC). Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse CC mortality trends in east-central Europe after 1990. Data on deaths due to CC were retrieved from the WHO Mortality Database. Trends in east-central European countries between 1990 and 2017 were assessed using Joinpoint Regression Program software. CC mortality decreased in the majority of analysed countries. However, an increase was observed in Latvia and Bulgaria. Despite decreasing mortality in the majority of the analysed countries, significant differences were observed. In order to improve the epidemiological situation, effective early detection programmes for cervical cancer ought to be rearranged and based not only on pap smears but also on molecular methods, as well as on introducing widespread programmes of vaccination against HPV.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bulgária , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Europa Oriental , Feminino , Humanos , Letônia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Postgrad Med ; 66(3): 155-158, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675452

RESUMO

Pulmonary microvascular tumor embolism (PMTE), pulmonary tumor thrombotic microangiopathy (PTTM), and lymphangitis carcinomatosis (LC) have an intricate pathophysiology and usually occur with cancers of breast, stomach, and lung. Microvascular pulmonary metastases attributable to cervical cancer are a rarity. Clinical presentation and autopsy findings of patients with microvascular pulmonary metastases in cervical cancers were studied with a review of literature. Four patients (mean age of 55.5 years) with carcinoma cervix showed microvascular metastases. Three of whom presented with respiratory symptoms, and the fourth case was unresponsive on presentation. Each patient succumbed to their illness shortly after admission. Autopsy examination performed on each patient depicted varying combination of PMTE, PTTM, and LC, all with squamous histology. This case series highlights the rare association of carcinoma cervix with the aforementioned microvascular phenomena. Besides, it underscores the sequential mechanism of occurrence of microvascular pulmonary metastasis and the associated guarded prognosis.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Pulmão/irrigação sanguínea , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Autopsia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
9.
Public Health ; 185: 130-138, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32622220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Health insurance availability and affordability are vital elements in diagnosis and treatment of patients with cancer and thus constitute clinical significance as well. Although past studies have explored the disparity in mortality figures for patients with different insurance statuses, this population-based study is pioneering in analyzing the changes in cancer mortality risks over time amid macroeconomic shifts. STUDY DESIGN: The study uses Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) data of 424,889 non-elderly patients with breast, cervical, ovarian, and uterine cancer diagnosed during 2007-2010 and 2011-2015. METHODS: In addition to discussing incidence figures and insurance patterns, the study uses Kaplan-Meier and Cox's proportional hazard models to examine the changes in survival probability and mortality risks for insurance-stratified patients with female-specific cancer across the two time periods. RESULTS: Patients without insurance have an increased risk of mortality over time relative to insured patients. Moreover, uninsured patients face this heightened risk more than Medicaid patients. DISCUSSION: Despite public policy measures as well as advancements in diagnostic facilities and treatment technology, the increased relative mortality of patients without insurance limits the long-term affordability of cancer treatment for economically vulnerable patients in comparison with insured patients.


Assuntos
Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Cobertura do Seguro/economia , Seguro Saúde/economia , Medicaid/economia , Pessoas sem Cobertura de Seguro de Saúde , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/economia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Programa de SEER , Estados Unidos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias Uterinas/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
10.
Acta Cytol ; 64(6): 539-546, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32516778

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cervical cancer screening is an important tool in public health. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been performed at the studied hospital for 7 years. The present study compares the performance of 2 LBC techniques with conventional cytology. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to verify the sensitivity for the detection of neoplastic and preneoplastic epithelial atypia, as well as the positive predictive value of the 3 methodologies. METHODS: We analyzed retrospectively 24,529 cases and evaluated the conventional cytology, ThinPrep®, and BD SurePath® performance categorizing the results according to the Bethesda system. We also compared the level of unsatisfactory samples, the presence of elements from the squamocolumnar junction, and the detection of pathogenic microorganisms. RESULTS: ThinPrep® (1.43%) showed superior sensitivity over BD SurePath® (0.91%) and conventional cytology (0.71%) in terms of the detection of high-grade lesions; however, in terms of squamous atypia as a whole (ASC-US+), BD SurePath® (6.44%) proved to be more sensitive than conventional cytology (5.28%) and ThinPrep® (3.73%). CONCLUSIONS: The results show the advantage of implementing LBC in routine screening for cervical lesions. In this study, BD SurePath® achieved the overall best performance considering the studied variables.


Assuntos
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/mortalidade , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Brasil , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/métodos , Feminino , Hospitais Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos , Esfregaço Vaginal/métodos
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(6): 3565-3570, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32487659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We conducted a phase II study of neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extended field concurrent chemoradiotherapy in patients with cervical cancer with para-aortic node metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven women with stage IB1-IVA cervical cancer were enrolled. RESULTS: The median age was 52 years. Thirty-four patients other than 3 progressive disease, proceeded to extended field concurrent chemoradiotherapy. The 3-year overall survival and progression-free survival rates were 70.1% and 48.5%, respectively. The 3-year overall survival according to stages was significantly worse in stage IIIB. Twelve of the 17 patients with stage IIIB died of the disease. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by extended field concurrent chemoradiotherapy may improve the prognosis of patients with stages IB and II cervical cancer with positive para-aortic node. However, new strategies should be investigated to improve a poor prognosis in stage IIIB disease with positive para-aortic node.


Assuntos
Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Quimiorradioterapia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
12.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202443, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32555966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the results of morbidity and survival after curative and palliative surgery in recurrent cervical cancer patients who underwent chemoradiation as their primary treatment. Another goal was to assess the factors associated with curative and non-curative procedures. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort consisting of patients undergoing surgery curative and palliative from January 2011 to December 2017 at a high complexity oncology center. Outcome of morbidity was reported according to the Clavien-Dindo classification, and survival analysis was carried out using the Kaplan-Meir method. To assess the factors associated with the procedures, a univariate analysis using the Mann-Whitney U test was performed. RESULTS: Two radical hysterectomies, three pelvic exenterations with curative intent, and five palliatives pelvic exenterations were performed. In the curative group, there were major complications in 40% of the cases, and the median survival time was 16 months. In the palliative group, there were major complications in 60% of the cases, and the median survival time was 5 months. Advanced staging (p-value= 0.02), symptoms (p-value=0.04), tumor size greater than five centimeters (p-value=0.04), and more than three organs involved (p-value=0.003) were factors significantly associated with non-curative surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The morbidity rates of this study were higher in palliative group, and the median survival time was lower in the palliative group than the curative group, but this difference in survival was not statistically significant. Advanced stage, symptoms, tumor size and number of organs involved are factors that should be taken into consideration when indicating surgical salvage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Cuidados Paliativos , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(2): 289-292, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495017

RESUMO

Surgical treatment of cervical cancer has led to one of the greatest controversies in gynecological oncology in recent years. After laparoscopic radical hysterectomy became increasingly widespread worldwide, it lost its importance dramatically when the data from the LACC study were published. In contrast to previous assumptions, there was a significantly reduced survival after laparoscopic hysterectomy compared to the open abdominal procedure. Multiple studies were subsequently published. Some confirm these results some do not. Some consider further studies to be unethical, others point to their own non-randomized results and call for a new LACC study. This article gives an overview of the current data situation and the possible criticisms of the individual studies. And, finally, calls for new RCT's under defined criteria.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
14.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(4): 266-272, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375434

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with hepatic metastasis after cervical cancer operation, and analyze the risk factors and prognostic factors of hepatic metastasis. Methods: A total of 1 312 patients with stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱb2 cervical cancer received radical surgery from January 2013 to January 2016 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were collected, of which 13 cases (0.99%, 13/1 312) had hepatic metastasis after operation. A retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical features of patients with hepatic metastasis after cervical cancer operation. T-test, chi-square test, rank sum test and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors of hepatic metastasis after surgery of cervical cancer operation. Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Log-rank test was used for screening of prognostic factors in patients with postoperative hepatic metastasis. Results: (1) Clinical features: there were 3 cases of simple hepatic metastasis without obvious clinical symptoms, 2 patients with perihepatic lymph node metastasis showed only low back pain, 8 patients with multiple extrahepatic metastases, and their clinical symptoms were related to the site of metastasis. Five cases out of 9 (5/9) with liver metastasis had abnormal tumor marker results. The abnormal kinds of tumor markers were mainly carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), CA(125), CA(199), and CA(72-4). The interval time of hepatic metastasis after operation was 2-22 months. (2) Analysis of risk factors for hepatic metastasis: univariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis, histological type, infiltration depth, and lymph-vascular space invasionwere associated with hepatic metastasis after cervical cancer surgery (P<0.05).Multivariate analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and small cell carcinoma were independent risk factors for postoperative hepatic metastasis (P<0.05). (3) Prognostic factors in patients with hepatic metastasis:among 13 patients with postoperative hepatic metastases from cervical cancer, 9 died during the follow-up period and 4 survived. The median total survival time after hepatic metastases was 7 months (range 3-32 months). Univariate analysis showed that multiple extrahepatic metastases and treatment after hepatic metastasis had significant effects on the prognosis of patients with hepatic metastasis after cervical cancer operation (P<0.05). Conclusions: The interval of hepatic metastasis after surgery for cervical cancer operation is within 2 years. Patients with lymph node metastasis and small cell carcinoma are more prone to postoperative hepatic metastasis. The prognosis of patients with extrahepatic multiple metastases is poor, and individualized treatment should be carried out after comprehensive analysis for patients with hepatic metastasis after cervical cancer operation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
15.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 44(9): 1151-1160, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32452873

RESUMO

A novel 3-tiered grading system that combines tumor budding activity and cell nest size has been found to be highly prognostic in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of various sites, including lung, oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, and esophagus. A similar grading system has recently been proposed for SCC of the uterine cervix. In this study, we appraise this grading system in an institutional cohort of cervical SCC to assess its prognostic value in an independent dataset. Our study cohort consisted of 94 consecutive, surgically excised, neoadjuvant therapy-naive cases of SCC of the uterine cervix, stage pT1b or higher. Tumor budding activity and cell nest size were scored on each case, the sum of which formed the basis for assigning a grade in the 3-tiered grading system hereafter referred to as the "tumor budding/nest size" (TBNS) system. As individual variables, both high tumor budding and small nest size were each associated with reduced overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival. The full TBNS system was associated with decreased OS, disease-specific survival, and disease-free survival independent of patient age, pathologic stage, and regional lymph node status. TBNS grades 1, 2, and 3 subgroups were clearly distinguishable on multivariate analyses (hazard ratio for OS of 2.06 [95% confidence interval: 0.5-8.42] for grade 2 and 4.58 [95% confidence interval: 1.24-16.87] for grade 3 tumors, relative to their grade 1 counterparts [P=0.035]). Higher grade tumors in the TBNS system were significantly correlated with advanced pathologic stage and lymph node metastasis (P=0.044 and 0.04, respectively). Among the other, potentially prognostic factors, higher pathologic stage, and lymph node metastasis were associated with decreased OS (P<0.001 and 0.004, respectively), whereas keratinization, nuclear size, mitotic count, and World Health Organization (WHO) grade were not. In conclusion, the proposed TBNS grading system is an excellent prognostic indicator that may potentially provide information that is useful in clinical decision-making. Our findings validate the previous study that proposed this system for prognostically stratifying cervical SCC patients. If further confirmed, consideration should be given to routinely adding a TBNS grade to pathologic descriptions of cervical SCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Proliferação de Células , Gradação de Tumores/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Metástase Linfática , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Eur J Cancer ; 133: 14-21, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422504

RESUMO

AIM: Recently, the safety of laparoscopic radical hysterectomy (LRH) has been called into question in early-stage cervical cancer. This study aimed to evaluate overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients treated with abdominal radical hysterectomy (ARH) and LRH for early-stage cervical cancer and to provide a literature review. METHODS: Patients diagnosed between 2010 and 2017 with International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (2009) stage IA2 with lymphovascular space invasion, IB1 and IIA1, were identified from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Cox regression with propensity score, based on inverse probability treatment weighting, was applied to examine the effect of surgical approach on 5-year survival and calculate hazard ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Literature review included observational studies with (i) analysis on tumours ≤4 cm (ii) median follow-up ≥30 months (iii) ≥5 events per predictor parameter in multivariable analysis or a propensity score. RESULTS: Of the 1109 patients, LRH was performed in 33%. Higher mortality (9.4% vs. 4.6%) and recurrence (13.1% vs. 7.3%) were observed in ARH than LRH. However, adjusted analyses showed similar DFS (89.4% vs. 90.2%), HR 0.92 [95% CI: 0.52-1.60]) and OS (95.2% vs. 95.5%), HR 0.94 [95% CI: 0.43-2.04]). Analyses on tumour size (<2/≥2 cm) also gave similar survival rates. Review of nine studies showed no distinct advantage of ARH, especially in tumours <2 cm. CONCLUSION: After adjustment, our retrospective study showed equal oncological outcomes between ARH and LRH for early-stage cervical cancer - also in tumours <2 cm. This is in correspondence with results from our literature review.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/mortalidade , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
17.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(5): e204307, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379332

RESUMO

Importance: The role of surgery in early-stage cervical cancer has been established, but it is controversial in locally advanced cervical cancer. Objective: To determine whether a radical hysterectomy method with extended removal of paracervical tissue for locally advanced cervical cancer is associated with satisfactory oncological outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, and participants were patients with cervical cancer at a single tertiary center in Northern Japan. The median follow-up period was 106 months, and none of the patients were lost to follow-up at less than 60 months. Data analyses were performed from July 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018. Exposures: Patients underwent radical hysterectomy using the Okabayashi-Kobayashi method. Bilateral nerve preservation was used for stage IB1/IB2 disease and unilateral nerve preservation for stage IIA/IIB if disease extension outside the uterine cervix was 1-sided. Chemotherapy was used as the choice of adjuvant treatment for patients with an intermediate or high risk of recurrence, while some patients chose or were assigned to radiotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures: Primary outcomes were the 5-year local control rate and 5-year overall survival rate along with risk factor analysis. Results: Of 121 consecutive patients, 76 (62.8%) had early-stage cervical cancer in 2008 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB1 and IIA1 and 45 (37.2%) had locally advanced cervical cancer in stages IB2, IIA2, and IIB. The median (range) age was 42 (26-68) years. Adjuvant radiotherapy was used in 2 patients (3%) with early-stage cervical cancer and 3 (7%) of those with locally advanced cervical cancer. The 5-year local control rates for early-stage cervical cancer and locally advanced cervical cancer were 99% and 87%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rates for early-stage cervical cancer and locally advanced cervical cancer were 95% and 82%, respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and histology of adeno(squamous)carcinoma were independent risk factors for the overall survival of patients with cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy. Conclusions and Relevance: The nerve-sparing Okabayashi-Kobayashi radical hysterectomy for locally advanced cervical cancer may provide survival not inferior to radical hysterectomy or radiotherapy in published literature. The applicability of radical hysterectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer needs to be validated by prospective comparative trials.


Assuntos
Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos de Coortes , Terapia Combinada , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Japão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/terapia
18.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(1): 209-218, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32435885

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The effectiveness of immunotherapy for cervical adenocarcinoma (CA) has not been demonstrated yet. Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1), programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), and CD8 may be used as biomarkers of response to immune therapy in CA patients. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether the expression levels of PD-1, PD-L1, and CD8 can predict the prognosis of patients with CA and their response to immune checkpoint inhibition therapy. METHODS: In the present study, the clinical stage for all 82 patients with cervical adenocarcinoma was classified according to the guidelines of the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO); there were 5, 48, 5, 14, 8, and 2 patients with stage IA, IB, IIA, IIB, IIIB, and IVB disease, respectively. The levels of PD-1, PD-L1, and CD8 were analyzed by the immunohistochemical analysis of the formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples. The correlation between the expression levels and patient prognosis was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression models. RESULTS: We observed a significant inverse correlation between the expression of PD-1 and CD8 (p = 0.001, chi-square test). We also found a significant inverse correlation between the expression of PD-L1 and CD8 (p = 0.027). The overall survival and progression-free survival rates were significantly worse in patients with positive PD-1 expression (p = 0.031; p = 0.087, respectively). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that a high PD-1 expression is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with CA. Further research is necessary to identify the molecular mechanisms that mediate this association.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/genética , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
19.
Gynecol Oncol ; 158(1): 37-43, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425268

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A global pandemic caused by a novel coronavirus (Covid-19) has created unique challenges to providing timely care for cancer patients. In early-stage cervical cancer, postponing hysterectomy for 6-8 weeks is suggested as a possible option in the Covid-19 burdened hospitals. Yet, literature examining the impact of surgery wait-time on survival in early-stage cervical cancer remains scarce. This study examined the association between surgery wait-time of 8 weeks and oncologic outcome in women with early-stage cervical cancer. METHODS: This is a single institution retrospective observational study at a tertiary referral medical center examining women who underwent primary hysterectomy or trachelectomy for clinical stage IA-IIA invasive cervical cancer between 2000 and 2017 (N = 217). Wait-time from the diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer via biopsy to definitive surgery was categorized as: short wait-time (<8 weeks; n = 110) versus long wait-time (≥8 weeks; n = 107). Propensity score inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to balance the measured demographics between the two groups, and disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed. A systematic literature review with meta-analysis was additionally performed. RESULTS: In a weighted model (median follow-up, 4.6 years), women in the long wait-time group had DFS (4.5-year rates, 91.2% versus 90.7%, hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.47-2.59, P = 0.818) and OS (95.0% versus 97.4%, HR 1.47, 95%CI 0.50-4.31, P = 0.487) similar to those in the short wait-time group. Three studies were examined for meta-analysis, and a pooled HR for surgery wait-time of ≥8 weeks on DFS was 0.96 (95%CI 0.59-1.55). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that wait-time of 8 weeks for hysterectomy may not be associated with short-term disease recurrence in women with early-stage cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tempo para o Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , California/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
20.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2578, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444598

RESUMO

Studies on biological functions of N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification in mRNA have sprung up in recent years. We find m6A can positively regulate the glycolysis of cancer cells. Specifically, m6A-sequencing and functional studies confirm that pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) is involved in m6A regulated glycolysis and ATP generation. The m6A modified 5'UTR of PDK4 positively regulates its translation elongation and mRNA stability via binding with YTHDF1/eEF-2 complex and IGF2BP3, respectively. Targeted specific demethylation of PDK4 m6A by dm6ACRISPR system can significantly decrease the expression of PDK4 and glycolysis of cancer cells. Further, TATA-binding protein (TBP) can transcriptionally increase the expression of Mettl3 in cervical cancer cells via binding to its promoter. In vivo and clinical data confirm the positive roles of m6A/PDK4 in tumor growth and progression of cervical and liver cancer. Our study reveals that m6A regulates glycolysis of cancer cells through PDK4.


Assuntos
Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Glicólise/fisiologia , Quinase Piruvato Desidrogenase (Transferência de Acetil)/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Adenosina/metabolismo , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Animais , Repetições Palindrômicas Curtas Agrupadas e Regularmente Espaçadas , Feminino , Glicólise/genética , Células HeLa , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Quinase Piruvato Desidrogenase (Transferência de Acetil)/genética , Estabilidade de RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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