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1.
Anticancer Res ; 41(10): 5097-5106, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593460

RESUMO

AIM: D3 lymph node dissection (LND) for stage II and III colon cancer has been shown to improve prognosis, however, it generally increases surgical stress. Studies have reported that the C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR) may be a useful inflammatory-nutritional biomarker to predict postoperative complications and poor prognosis for with various types of cancer. Our purposes were to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of D3 LND in patients with a high preoperative CAR (≥ 0.04). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis reviewing a prospectively collected database of Yokohama City University and three affiliated hospitals. A total of 449 patients with stage II or III colon cancer with high CAR who underwent primary resection with D2 or D3 LND were identified between 2008 and 2020. The primary and secondary outcomes of interests were the 3-year recurrence-free survival and postoperative complication rates. RESULTS: After propensity matching, 230 patients were evaluated. There was no significant difference between the D3 and D2 groups in the rate of postoperative complications overall (14.8% versus 11.3%, p=0.558), however, the incidence of anastomotic leakage tended to be greater in the D3 group (9.6% versus 2.6%, p=0.050). The long-term findings showed that there was no significant difference between the two groups (3-year recurrence-free survival rate: 77.2% versus 77.2%, p=0.880). CONCLUSION: D3 LND did not improve survival outcomes for patients with colon cancer with a poor CAR in this study. D2 LND may be a treatment option for patients with stage II-III colon cancer with a high preoperative CAR.


Assuntos
Albuminas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Excisão de Linfonodo/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 363, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted surgery is being increasingly adopted in treating colorectal cancer, and the transition from laparoscopic surgery to robot-assisted surgery is a trend. The evidence of the benefits of robot-assisted surgery is sparse. However, findings are associated with improved patient-related outcomes and overall morbidity rates compared to laparoscopic surgery. This induction is unclear, considering both surgical modalities are characterized as minimally invasive. This study aims to evaluate the systemic and peritoneal inflammatory stress response induced by robot-assisted surgery compared with laparoscopic surgery for elective colon cancer resections in a prospective, randomized controlled clinical trial. METHODS: This study is a single-centre randomized controlled superiority trial with 50 colon cancer participants. The primary endpoint is the level of systemic inflammatory response expressed as serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) levels between postoperative days one and three. Secondary endpoints include (i) levels of systemic inflammation in serum expressed by a panel of inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines measured during the first three postoperative days, (ii) postoperative surgical and medical complications (30 days) according to Clavien-Dindo classification and Comprehensive Complication Index, (iii) intraoperative blood loss, (iv) conversion rate to open surgery, (v) length of surgery, (vi) operative time, (vii) the number of harvested lymph nodes, and (viii) length of hospital stay. The exploratory endpoints are (i) levels of peritoneal inflammatory response in peritoneal fluid expressed by inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines between postoperative day one and three, (ii) patient-reported health-related quality of recovery-15 (QoR-15), (iii) 30 days mortality rate, (iv) heart rate variability and (v) gene transcript (mRNA) analysis. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, this is the first clinical randomized controlled trial to clarify the inflammatory stress response induced by robot-assisted or laparoscopic surgery for colon cancer resections. Trial registration This trial is registered at Clinicaltrials.gov (Identifier: NCT04687384) on December, 29, 2020, Regional committee on health research ethics, Region of Southern Denmark (N75709) and Data Protection Agency, Hospital Sønderjylland, University Hospital of Southern Denmark (N20/46179).


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Robótica , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica
3.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4471-4478, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475071

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in elderly patients with Stage I-III colon cancer for long-term oncologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 175 patients aged >75 years who underwent radical surgery for Stage I-III colon cancer between 2000 and 2015 at our institute. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and relapse-free survival (RFS) were evaluated according to NLR values using propensity score analysis. Patients were allocated to the higher NLR (H-NLR) or the lower NLR (L-NLR) group with a cut-off value of 2.3, based on receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: Before case matching, there were significant differences between the two groups for CSS (p=0.023) and RFS (p<0.001), but not for OS (p=0.069). Similar results were obtained after case matching, with significant differences observed for CSS (p=0.003) and RFS (p=0.027), but not for OS (p=0.145). CONCLUSION: NLR may be a prognostic factor in elderly patients with colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pontuação de Propensão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4629-4636, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to develop a novel recurrence prediction model for stage II-III colon cancer using simple auto-artificial intelligence (AI) with improved accuracy compared to conventional statistical models. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 787 patients who had undergone curative surgery for stage II-III colon cancer between 2000 and 2018 were included. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the effect of variables on recurrence. The auto-AI software 'Prediction One' (Sony Network Communications Inc.) was used to predict recurrence with the same dataset used for the conventional statical model. Predictive accuracy was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: The AUC of the multivariate model was 0.719 (95%CI=0.655-0.784), whereas that of the AI model was 0.815, showing a significant improvement. CONCLUSION: This auto-AI prediction model demonstrates improved accuracy compared to the conventional model. It could be constructed by clinical surgeons who are not familiar with AI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Inteligência Artificial , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann Ital Chir ; 92: 365-371, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524113

RESUMO

AIM: Many laparoscopic techniques have been described for the treatment of right colon cancer. The purpose of this study is to communicate our experience in the totally laparoscopic treatment of right colon cancer and to report our short-term results in order to confirm the feasibility and safeness of this demanding procedure. MATERIAL OF STUDY: From November 2017 to April 2020, we performed 384 surgical operations for colorectal cancers, of these 81 have involved tumors of the right colon in urgent and elective conditions. Right hemicolectomies with a totally laparoscopic approach were performed, by the same surgical team, in 55 patients in elective surgery. RESULTS: During the study period we evaluated intra and postoperative complications in terms of: demographic data and preoperative clinical characteristics, intraoperative and postoperative outcomes (operative time, blood loss, conversion rate, surgical complications, hospitalization, readmission, and mortality), pathological outcomes. DISCUSSION: Our experience confirms that totally laparoscopic approach, with up to down dissection, for the treatment of right colon cancer, performed by expert surgeons is a safe and feasible technique. CONCLUSION: This procedure allows the mesocolon excision with outstanding number of harvested lymph nodes ensuring low complications and better oncological cleaning. KEY WORDS: Central Vascular Ligation, Colorectal Cancer, Fluorescence GLaparoscopy, Right Hemicolectomy, Complete Mesocolic Excision, Surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502076

RESUMO

The transcription factor CEBPA is a master regulator of liver homeostasis, myeloid cell differentiation and is downregulated in several oncogenic diseases. MTL-CEBPA is a small activating RNA drug which upregulates gene expression of CEBPA for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We investigate whether MTL-CEBPA has immune modulatory effects by combining MTL-CEBPA with an anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor (CPI) and/or radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in two preclinical models. First, mice with two flanks of HCC tumors (BNL) were treated with combinations of RFA (right flank), anti-PD-1 or MTL-CEBPA. The reduction of the left flank tumors was most pronounced in the group treated with RFA+anti-PD1+MTL-CEBPA and 7/8 animals responded. This was the only group with a significant increase in CD8+ and CD49b+/CD45+ tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). Second, a combination of anti-PD-1+MTL-CEBPA was tested in a CT26 colon cancer model and this treatment significantly reduced tumor size, modulated the tumor immune microenvironment and increased TILs. These data suggest a clinical role for combination treatment with CPIs, RFA and MTL-CEBPA through synergistic priming of the immune tumor response, enabling RFA and CPIs to have a pronounced anti-tumor effect including activity in non-treated tumors in the case of RFA.


Assuntos
Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/uso terapêutico , Animais , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Cultivadas , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/radioterapia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
8.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(8): 704-710, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412188

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the anatomic characteristics of the right retroperitoneal fascia and its surgical implementation while performing complete mesocolic excision (CME) for right colon cancer. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out. (1) Clinicopathological data and surgical videos of 17 non-consecutive patients undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (extended right hemicolectomy) with CME for right colon cancer at Department of Colorectal Surgery of Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University between January 2020 and October 2020 were retrospectively collected. The construction of right retroperitoneal fascia was observed from caudal dorsal direction and caudal ventral direction. (2) Three postoperative specimens from 3 cases undergoing laparoscopic right hemicolectomy with CME for right colon cancer in June 2020 were prospectively included to observe anatomy and examine histology. (3) Five abdominal cadaver specimens from the Department of Anatomy of Fujian Medical University were enrolled, including 3 males and 2 females. Anatomical observation and histological studies were performed from the cranial approach and the caudal dorsal approach. Masson staining was used to examine the histology. Results: (1) Surgical video observation: The typical structure of right retroperitoneal fascia could be observed in all the 17 patients. The fascia was a rigid barrier between the posterior space of the ascending colon and the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon. The right retroperitoneal fascia should be sharply cut to communicate between the two spaces to avoid entering the right mesocolon by mistake. The severed ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia ran along the dorsal side of the right hemicolon to the lateral side, and the dorsal stump covered the level of the duodenum caudally, and continued to move downward, covering the surface of Gerota's fascia. (2) Observation of 3 surgical specimens: The dorsal side of the right mesocolon was smooth and intact, which could be anchored in the corresponding area of the lateral edge of the duodenum. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia could be seen, which attached to the dorsal side of the right mesocolon semi-circularly. Masson staining observation: The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia ran cephalad, fused with the dorsal side of the right mesocolon tightly and curled. The caudal side of confluence and the dorsal side of the right mesocolon presented a bilobed structure. (3) Anatomy of 5 cadaveric specimens: The right retroperitoneal fascia was a thin fascia structure, which was a rigid barrier between the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior space of the ascending colon. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia (including the dorsal side of the right mesocolon), the dorsal stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia (including part of the duodenal wall) and the dorsal side of the right mesocolon were retrieved for histological examination. The ventral stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia fused with the dorsal side of the right mesocolon by the cephalic side, and the dorsal side of the right hemi-mesocolon on the fusion level by caudal side gradually separated into a double-layer loose fascial structure. The dorsal stump of the right retroperitoneal fascia covered the surface of the duodenum level, moved on from the ventral side to the surface of the prerenal fascia, and continued to the caudal side. Conclusions: The right retroperitoneal fascia is a rigid barrier between the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior space of the ascending colon. The Toldt fascia formed by fusion with the dorsal lobe of the right colon travels to the edge of the descending and horizontal part of the duodenum and separates again. The right retroperitoneal fascia is attached to the edge of the duodenum, reversing and running on the surface of the prerenal fascia, while the dorsal lobe of the right colon runs in front of the pancreas and duodenum, and shifts to the pancreaticoduodenal fascia. During the operation, this fascia should be identified and cut to penetrate the anterior pancreaticoduodenal space behind the transverse colon and the posterior ascending colon space, which helps to ensure the integrity of the dorsal side of the right hemi-mesocolon.


Assuntos
Parede Abdominal , Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Fáscia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 238, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Only 50-70% of elderly colon cancer patients could complete the recommended 6 months of postoperative chemotherapy. It is unknown whether a shorter duration of postoperative capecitabine-alone chemotherapy would compromise survival. We thus conducted this study to analyze the association between postoperative chemotherapy duration of a capecitabine-alone regimen and cancer-specific survival (CSS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of surgery-treated elderly colon cancer patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of surgically treated stage III and high-risk stage II colon cancer patients aged ≥ 70 treated at two medical centers. Cox proportional hazard regression models were utilized to calculate crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs). The nonlinear relationship between postoperative chemotherapy duration and survival was analyzed through restricted cubic spline regression analysis, and the threshold effect was calculated by the two-piecewise Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: A total of 1217 surgery-treated colon cancer patients between August 1, 2013, and September 1, 2019, were reviewed, and 257 stage III and high-risk stage II patients aged ≥ 70 were enrolled. Postoperative chemotherapy with capecitabine was administered to 114 patients, and 143 patients only received surgery. As the duration of chemotherapy increased by 1 week, the risk of cancer-specific death was reduced by 11% (HR = 0.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.82-0.96), and the risk of recurrence was reduced by 10% (HR = 0.90, 0.82-0.96). Nonlinearity exploration suggested a threshold effect of capecitabine duration on CSS in stage III disease. The HR for death was 0.79 (95% CI, 0.68-0.92) with duration ≤ 16 weeks and 1.34 (95% CI, 0.91-1.97) with duration > 16 weeks. CONCLUSIONS: The postoperative capecitabine duration was significantly associated with a decrease in death risk and recurrence risk in elderly colon cancer patients. However, the threshold effect of capecitabine duration on survival suggests that short-term chemotherapy may improve survival in elderly stage III colon cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Fluoruracila , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Capecitabina , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 36(10): 2205-2214, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302501

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to compare staging of stage II colon cancer using the number of retrieved lymph nodes (RN) to current TNM staging for stratification of prognosis. METHODS: The subjects were 6307 patients with stage II colon cancer who underwent curative resection at 24 Japanese institutions. The cutoff for the number of RN was established using Akaike information criterion (AIC) values for relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS). Comparison of survival using TNM and T + RN (TRN) staging was performed using a Cox proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: AIC was lowest for 14 retrieved lymph nodes for RFS and OS. This number was used as the cutoff. In multivariate analysis, age (≥ 69), male gender, V1, CEA (> 5), pT (T4a, T4b), and RN-L were independent factors associated with RFS and OS. Six combinations of pT and RN categories were used to establish three subgroups: TRN stages IIA, IIB, and IIC. The 5-year RFS was 83.9%, 72.3%, and 71.8% in TNM stages IIA, IIB, and IIC; and 86.0%, 76.9%, and 60.3% in TRN stages IIA, IIB, and IIC. The 5-year OS was 90.0%, 81.3%, and 82.6% for the TNM stages; and 91.6%, 85.0%, and 71.9% for the TRN stages. The AIC for RFS was lower for TRN (22,318.2) than for TNM (22,390.6), and that for OS was also lower for TRN (16,285.3) than for TNM (16,355.1). CONCLUSION: Stage II colon cancer staging using the number of retrieved lymph nodes may be superior to current TNM staging for prognosis stratification.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Linfonodos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
12.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 560-566, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289537

RESUMO

The mesentery is a continuous unity and the operation of digestive carcinoma is the process of mesenteric resection. This paper attempts to simplify the formation process of all kinds of fusion fascia in the process of digestive tract embryogenesis, and to illuminate the continuity of fusion fascia with a holistic concept. This is helpful for beginners to reversely dissect the fusion fascia and maintain the correct surgical plane during operation, and to achieve the purpose of complete mesenteric resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/cirurgia , Humanos , Mesentério/cirurgia
13.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 581-586, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289541

RESUMO

Like other solid tumors, colon cancer surgery has undergone a century-old journey from lumpectomy to organ resection and then to lymphadenectomy. From the Toldt fascia to complete mesenteric resection, and from local resection to D3 radical treatment, local recurrence rates have been reduced, but remain a nuisance to surgeons and patients. Based on the theory of membrane anatomy, radical surgery for colon cancer will focus more on removing the mesocolon from the mesentery bed while maintaining the integrity of the posterior fascia to avoid the occurrence of "fifth metastasis" as much as possible. Thanks to the membrane anatomy theory, its strong reproducibility and replicability, a new phase of colorectal surgery is on the horizon.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mesentério/cirurgia , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
14.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 619-625, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289547

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the anatomic characteristics of the left parietal peritoneum and its surgical implementation while dissecting in left retro-mesocolic space. Methods: A descriptive case series research methods was used. (1) surgical videos of 35 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection (complete mobilization of splenic flexure) of colorectal cancer in Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University between January 2018 and December 2018 were reviewed; (2) four specimens after radical resection of rectal cancer performing in June 2020 were prospectively enrolled and reviewed; (3) five specimens of left parietal peritoneum from 5 cadaveric abdomen (3 males and 2 females) were enrolled and reviewed as well; Tissues of 3 unseparated regions, namely the root of the inferior mesenteric artery (IMA), the medial region and the lateral region (including kidney tissue), from above the 5 cadaveric abdominal specimens were selected to perform Masson staining and histopathological examination. Results: (1) Surgical video observation: "Staggered layer phenomenon" and typical left parietal peritoneum was found in 77.1% (27/35) of patients when the left retro-mesocolic space was separated from the lateral and central approaches. The left parietal peritoneum presented as a rigid fascia barrier between the lateral and central approaches, which was a translucent dense connective tissue fascia. After the splenic flexure were completely mobilized, the left parietal peritoneum stump continued to the cephalic side. (2) Observation of 4 surgical specimens: The dorsal side of the left mesocolon specimen was studied, and the left parietal peritoneum stump edge was identified. The outside of the stump edge was the left hemicolon dorsal layer, which was continuously downward to the rectal fascia propria. (3) Cadaveric abdominal specimens: The left retro-mesocolic space was separated through lateral and central approaches, and the rigid fascia barrier, essentially the left parietal peritoneum and Gerota fascia, was encountered. Cross-section view showed that the left parietal peritoneum could be further detached from the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon from the outside, but could not be further detached from the inside out. (4) Histological examination: There was no obvious fascia structure in the IMA root region, while outside the IMA root region, the left bundle of inferior mesenteric plexus penetrating Gerota fascia was observed. There were 4 layers of fascias in the medial region, including the ventral layer of the left mesocolon, the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon, left parietal peritoneum and Gerota fascia. Small vessels were observed between the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon and the left parietal peritoneum. In lateral region, renal tissue and renal fascia were observed. Three layers of fascia structures were observed clearly under high power field, including the dorsal layer of the left mesocolon, left parietal peritoneum, and Gerota fascia. Conclusions: The left parietal peritoneum is the anatomical basis of the "staggered layer phenomenon" from the lateral or central approaches during the separation of left retro-mesocolic space. The small vessels in the dissection plane are the anatomical basis of intraoperative microbleeding, which need pre-coagulation. The central part of Gerota fascia is penetrated by the branches of the inferior mesenteric plexus, which results in a relatively dense surgical plane. Thus, during the dissection through the central approach, it is easy to involve in wrong surgical plane by deeper dissection.


Assuntos
Colo Transverso , Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Neoplasias Retais , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Dissecação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Peritônio , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia
15.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 626-632, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289548

RESUMO

Objective: Due to its various anatomical variations and numerous branches, the gastrocolic vein trunk (Henle trunk) is the most common site to develop bleeding and other complications in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for colon cancer. This study aims to investigate the role of ileocolic vein (ICV) joining with Henle trunk, a rare anatomical variation. Methods: A rare case whose ICV was newly found to involve in the formation of Henle trunk during laparoscopic resection of right hemicolon cancer was reported as right gastroepiploic vein+ right colic vein+superior right colic vein+ICV. This anatomical variation was confirmed by multi-slice spiral CT coronal two-dimensional reconstruction of right hemicolon angiography. The literatures about ICV participating in formation of Henle trunk were systematically searched from PubMed, The Cochran Library, CNKI net and Wanfang database, and the occurrence probability and composition of its anatomical variation were analyzed. Results: This was a 47-year-old female patient who underwent laparoscopic right hemicolectomy. When the vessels were dissected during operation, it was found that ICV did not accompany the ileocolic artery, but directly flowed into Henle trunk. Two-dimensional reconstructed CT images of right hemicolon vessels showed that the composition of Henle trunk was rarely varied, which was composed of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, superior right colonic vein and ICV. Five literatures were enrolled from literature retrieval. A total of 12 cases with ICV participating in the construction of Henle trunk were reported, with a probability of 0.27%-6.31% and 6 forms of the formation of Henle trunk. In this case, Henle trunk was made up of right gastroepiploic vein, right colonic vein, upper right colonic vein and ICV, which was reported for the first time. Conclusions: ICV involving in Henle trunk is a rare vascular variation, and this type of variation should be fully recognized. Careful dissection during operation is necessary to prevent intraoperative bleeding caused by improper operation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Variação Anatômica , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Veias Mesentéricas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Colorectal Dis ; 23(8): 1971-1981, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314557

RESUMO

AIM: The aim was to investigate whether the previously reported causal treatment effect of complete mesocolic excision on the risk of recurrence was biased by inclusion of patients with potentially undiagnosed disseminated disease at the time of surgery, by non-specialist surgery, or caused by mesocolic plane dissection. METHOD: A population of 1069 patients, 813 undergoing conventional resection and 256 complete mesocolic excision for colon cancer during the period 2008-2013, was stepwise reduced in the following order by excluding patients with recurrence diagnosed within 6 months of the resection, having surgery performed by a non-specialist without supervision, and specimens assessed as not being mesocolic plane dissection. The primary outcome measure was risk of recurrence after 5.2 years using competing risk analyses. RESULTS: The absolute risk reduction of complete mesocolic excision was 6.0% (95% CI 1.8-10.2; P = 0.0049) after excluding patients with recurrence within 6 months of resection, 6.1% (95% CI 1.9-10.4; P = 0.0045) after excluding non-specialist surgery, and 7.5% (95% CI 2.9-12.0; P = 0.0013) after the exclusion of patients whose specimens were assessed as dissections not being performed in the mesocolic plane. CONCLUSION: The absolute risk reduction of recurrence after complete mesocolic excision for right-sided colon cancer in our previous study was not biased by potentially undiagnosed disseminated disease at the time of surgery or non-specialist surgery, and was not solely caused by dissection in the mesocolic plane. Central vascular dissection with central lymphadenectomy seems a major factor for better oncological results.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Dissecação , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Tech Coloproctol ; 25(9): 1079-1084, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34268652

RESUMO

Mesenteric closure following right colectomy remains controversial and, following the advent of laparoscopic surgery, many surgeons do not routinely close the mesentery after colorectal resection. Nevertheless, especially after the introduction of operations such as right colectomy with complete mesocolic excision and ileocolic resections with extensive mesentery removal for Crohn's disease, the wide mesenteric defect resulting from the dissections can certainly expose the patients to complications such as internal hernias or volvuli. In general, mesenteric closure requires intracorporeal suturing. We describe a simple technique for the closure of the mesentery after surgical resection using polymer-ligating clips. This novel technique seems to minimize the time, effort and risk inherent to the procedure, even after large mesenteric excisions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Doença de Crohn , Laparoscopia , Mesocolo , Colectomia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Doença de Crohn/cirurgia , Humanos , Mesentério/cirurgia , Mesocolo/cirurgia , Polímeros , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
18.
JSLS ; 25(2)2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34248343

RESUMO

Introduction: Simultaneous robot assisted colon and liver resections are being performed more frequently at present due to the expanded adoption of the robotic platform for surgical management of metastatic colon cancer. However, this approach has not been studied in detail with only case series available in the literature. The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the current body of evidence on the feasibility of performing simultaneous robotic colon and liver resections. Methods: A systematic review was performed through PubMed to identify relevant articles describing simultaneous colon and liver resections for metastatic colon cancer. Results: A total of 28 patients underwent simultaneous resections robotically with an average operative time of 420.3 minutes and average blood loss of 275.6 ml. Postoperative stay was 8.6 days on average with all cases achieving negative surgical margins. Conclusions: Robotic simultaneous resection of colorectal cancer with liver metastases is technically feasible and seems oncologically equivalent to open or laparoscopic surgery. Further studies are urgently needed to assess benefits of robotic surgery in the patient population.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Terapia Combinada , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Margens de Excisão , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
19.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(7): 798-804, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:  To determine the relationship between resected specimen length and tumor location, the number of LN harvested (LNh), and the positive LN ratio (LNR) in colon cancer. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. Place & Duration of Study: Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey, between January 2009 and December 2019. METHODOLOGY: Colon specimens resected for colon cancer were evaluated retrospectively, in terms of tumor location, type of surgery, resected colon length, LNh and the number of metastatic LN, based on hospital records. Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis along with Dunn-Bonferroni post hoc tests were applied. The lymph node ratio (LNR) (= ratio of LN+  to LNh), the number of lymph nodes per unit distance (LNh/cm), the ratio of LNR to length of specimen (LNR/cm) were evaluated. RESULTS: The rate of ≥12 LNh in 644 colon cancer patients was 81.4%. The length of colon specimen and the number of harvested lymph nodes (LNh) were higher in patients, who underwent subtotal colectomy (StC), compared to patients who underwent right and left hemicolectomy (RhC and LhC, p<0.001). Inadequate LNh was more common in LhC patients (p<0.001). The ratio of the number of LNh to the length of the resected specimen (LNh/cm) was higher in RhC and LhC patients than StC patients (p<0.001). LNR and LNR/cm were higher in LhC patients, though mean specimen length was shorter in LhC patients (p<0.05). The number of LNh had a direct proportion with the resected specimen length; however, the LNh/cm and LNR/cm ratios decreased in >50 cm length specimen patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Central LN dissection and vascular high ligation, according to tumor site are more efficient than the length of the resected specimen for an adequate LN dissection in colon cancers. Key Words: Colon cancer, Harvested lymph node,  Specimen length, Adequate dissection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Excisão de Linfonodo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia
20.
Cir Esp (Engl Ed) ; 99(7): 500-505, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210653

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The pandemic has had an impact on colorectal cancer surgery in hospitals. In 2020, up to 75% of colorectal cancer patients are estimated to require surgery. No objective data on the impact of the pandemic on the management of surgical waiting lists is available. We conducted a survey in colorectal surgery units to assess the impact on colorectal cancer surgery waiting lists. METHOD: All personnel in charge of colorectal surgery units nationwide received a survey (from February to April, 2020) with eight questions divided into three sections-cessation date of colorectal cancer surgeries, number of patients waiting for treatment, and use of neoadjuvant therapy to postpone surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-seven units participated in the study, with 79.1% of units ceasing some type of activity (32.8% total and 46.3% partial cessation) and 20.9% continuing all surgical activity. In addition, 65% of units used or prolonged neoadjuvant therapy in rectal cancer patients and 40% of units performed at least five emergency colorectal cancer surgeries. It was estimated that at least one month of intense surgical activity will be required to catch up. CONCLUSIONS: Currently, patients from units with a long waiting list must be redistributed, at least within the country. In the future, in the event of a second wave of the pandemic, an effective program to manage each unit's resources should be developed to prevent total collapse.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Utilização de Procedimentos e Técnicas , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Listas de Espera
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