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1.
Orv Hetil ; 161(11): 425-433, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32148096

RESUMO

Introduction: Endometrial cancer is the most common invasive gynecologic malignancy in developed countries. The best survival rates are expected after surgical removal, thus the aim of a complex treatment is to achieve resecability in locally and locoregionally advanced disease. Aim: The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate if the neoadjuvant systemic treatment leads to better overall survival compared to irradiation solely. Method: From January 2015 to December 2018, we enrolled 28 patients diagnosed with irresecable, locally and locoregionally advanced high-risk endometrial carcinoma. Patients were treated by neoadjuvant paclitaxel-carboplatin, then radical hysterectomy, bilateral oophorectomy and lymphadenectomy were performed. Results: After administration of 6 cycles of carboplatin-paclitaxel, the control MR test showed tumor shrinkage in all patients. Complete resection was achieved in the case of every patient. Tumor residuum in lymph nodes was verified in 4 cases by pathological evaluation. The 2-year survival and the 2-year progression-free survival rates were 65,1% and 66,1%, respectively. The median overall survival was 16,5 months. Conclusion: Neoadjuvant treatment can be an effective approach in providing the conditions for complete tumor resection, which may result in survival advantage. Despite multimodal treatment, prognosis is poor. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(11): 425-433.


Assuntos
Carboplatina/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Paclitaxel/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ovariectomia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Orv Hetil ; 161(10): 382-388, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115990

RESUMO

Introduction: Recently published unfavourable results of endoscopic radical surgery for early-stage cervical cancer compared to open surgery raises the need for auditing treatment results of endoscopic staging surgery for endometrial cancer. Aim: Comparison of progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS) between endometrial cancer patients treated with laparoscopic (LSC) and open surgical techniques. Method: Retrospective analysis was performed to compare clinicopathological and survival data of endometrial cancer patients who had either laparoscopic or open staging surgery between 2013 and 2019 at the Gynaecological Oncology Unit of the University of Debrecen, Hungary. Distribution of the most relevant prognostic factors were compared with χ2 and t-tests. Frequencies of progressive disease and disease-specific deaths were compared in the Cox-model, while progression-free and overall survival curves were compared with the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The frequency of endometrioid, serous papillary, mixed Müllerian, adenosquamous and other histological types in the laparoscopic and open groups were similar (p = 0.3356). The frequency of grade 1, 2 and 3 tumours in the endoscopic and open groups showed significant differences (p = 0.0036). Pathological stage-distribution (IA, IB, II, IIIA, IIIB, IIIC1, IIIC2) of endoscopic cases and open cases was also statistically different (p = 0.0048). The mean number of removed lymph-nodes was higher in the open surgery group (14.3 vs. 9,3, p<0.0001). The frequency of recurrence did not show significant difference between the two groups, in contrast to the frequency of disease-specific deaths (2/120 vs. 29/345, p = 0.01; 2/120 vs. 17/345, p = 0.12). In the Cox-model, progression-free survival and overall survival showed a hazard ratio favouring laparoscopic surgery, however, the range of 95% confidence intervals showed no statistical significance (PFS LSC vs. open: HR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.084-1.538; OS LSC vs. open: HR = 0.603, 95% CI = 0.135-2.693). Conclusion: Progression-free and overall survival of endoscopically staged endometrial cancer is not worse than those of patients staged with open surgery. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(10): 382-388.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Histerectomia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hungria/epidemiologia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(2): 112-119, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146740

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the surgical complications in the treatment of stage Ⅰ endometrial cancer by robotic-assisted laparoscopy, the risk degree of Clavein-Dindo complications and the main risk factors affecting the occurrence of surgical complications. Methods: A retrospective case-control study was conducted in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2014 to June 2019. The patients were divided into robotic-assisted laparoscopy group and traditional laparoscopy group according to the operation mode, including 131 cases in robot group and 290 cases in traditional laparoscopy group. To compare the complications during and after operation and the risk degree of complications between the two groups by Clavein-Dindo classification standard, the age, body mass index (BMI), comorbidities, past history of pelvic surgery, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, preoperative anemia, number of pelvic lymph node resection, number of abdominal aortic lymph node resection, the total number of lymph node resection, operation time, surgical methods (robot surgery or traditional laparoscopic surgery) and other clinicopathological data were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Results: (1) Complications of operation: the incidence of operative complications (including intraoperative and postoperative complications) in robot group was significantly lower than that in traditional laparoscopy group [(20.6%, 27/131) vs (34.8%, 101/290); χ(2)=8.620, P=0.003)]. The incidence of intraoperative complications in robot group was lower than that in traditional laparoscopy group [1.5% (2/131) vs 6.2% (18/290); χ(2)=4.368, P=0.037]. The incidence of intraoperative vascular injury in robot group was significantly lower than that in traditional laparoscopy group [0.8% (1/131) vs 5.2% (15/290); χ(2)=4.798, P=0.022]. The incidence of postoperative complications in robot group was also lower than that in traditional laparoscopy group [19.1% (25/131) vs 28.6% (83/290); χ(2)=4.303, P=0.038], but the incidence of postoperative lymphatic leakage in robot group was higher than that in traditional laparoscopy group [10.7% (14/131) vs 5.2% (15/290); χ(2)=4.279, P=0.039]. (2) Clavein-Dindo classification: the incidence of Clavein-Dindo Ⅰ, Ⅲ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅴ grade between two groups were respectively 3.8% (5/131) vs 11.0% (32/290), 13.7% (18/131) vs 14.5% (42/290), 3.1% (4/131) vs 8.6% (25/290), 0 (0/131) vs 0.3% (1/290), 0 (0/131) vs 0.3% (1/290), and the incidence of grade Ⅰ (χ(2)=5.684, P=0.015) and Ⅲ (χ(2)=4.361, P=0.037) complications were statistically significant. The incidence of severe complications in robot group (grade Ⅲ and above) was lower than that in traditional laparoscopy group [3.1% (4/131) vs 9.3% (27/290); χ(2)=5.179, P=0.023]. (3) Analysis of influencing factors of surgical complications: univariate analysis showed that BMI (χ(2)=15.801, P=0.000), preoperative anemia (χ(2)=14.299, P=0.000), total number of lymph node resection (χ(2)=10.425, P=0.001), surgical methods (χ(2)=8.620, P=0.003) were related to the occurrence of surgical complications of endometrial carcinoma. Multivariate analysis showed that BMI (OR=0.289, 95%CI: 0.097-0.864, P=0.026), preoperative anemia (OR=0.309, 95%CI: 0.129-0.740, P=0.008), the total number of lymph node resection (OR=0.624, 95%CI: 0.403-0.966, P=0.034) and surgical methods (OR=3.491, 95%CI: 1.030-11.840, P=0.045) were independent risk factors for surgical complications of endometrial carcinoma. Conclusions: Compared with traditional laparoscopic surgery, robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery has fewer complications and lower incidence of severe complications. BMI, preoperative anemia, the total number of lymph node resection and surgical methods are independent risk factors for the occurrence of surgical complications of stage Ⅰ endometrial cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(4): 599-604, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994195

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Only a few studies have reported the learning curve for sentinel lymph node (SLN) detection in gynecologic malignancies. We investigated the learning curve for SLN detection during robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery for endometrial and cervical carcinomas. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included patients with stage IA to IIA1 cervical cancer or stage I to III endometrial cancer who underwent SLN mapping using indocyanine green during robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery performed by a single surgeon. Learning curves were analyzed in consecutive cases using SLN detection rates and the cumulative sum (CUSUM) method. RESULTS: SLN mapping was achieved in 81.25% (65/80), 77.50% (62/80), and 66.25% (53/80) of the cases involving the right, left, and simultaneous bilateral pelvic areas, respectively. Learning curve analysis based on the cumulative detection rate showed initial fluctuations followed by stabilization; the time required for proficiency was discordant among the LN regions. However, the CUSUM method showed proficient mapping of the right, left, and bilateral SLNs after 27 to 28 cases. CONCLUSION: At least 27 cases were required for SLN mapping proficiency in gynecologic cancer; the learning period could influence the surgical quality. Further studies are warranted to confirm the impact of this learning curve on disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Curva de Aprendizado , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Corantes , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Linfonodos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/normas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
5.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 243-250, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31703813

RESUMO

Early endometrial cancer has an overall survival of greater than 80% (1). One of the poor prognostic factors that may be associated with the 20% who do not survive 5 years is the presence of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI). LVSI is associated with increased nodal metastasis and decreased progression free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). (2-8). Therefore, unstaged, LVSI positive early endometrial cancer requires additional management with either completion of staging with lymphadenectomy or adjuvant radiation. We focus on reviewing the management of natural history and management of early endometrial cancer followed by the prognostic impact of LVSI, management options and recommendations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/terapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Sistema Linfático/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia Adjuvante
6.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 70-76, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739992

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to assess survival among patients with uterine serous carcinoma (USC) undergoing sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping alone versus patients undergoing systematic lymphadenectomy (LND). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing primary surgical treatment for newly diagnosed USC at our institution from 1/1/1996-12/31/2017. Patients were assigned to either SLN mapping alone (SLN cohort) or systematic LND without SLN mapping (LND cohort). Progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were estimated using Kaplan-Meier method, compared using Logrank test. RESULTS: 245 patients were available for analysis: 79 (32.2%) underwent SLN, 166 (67.7%) LND. 132 (79.5%) in the LND cohort had paraaortic LND (PALND) versus none in the SLN cohort. Median age: 66 and 68 years in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively (p>0.05). Proportion of stage I/II disease: 67.1% (n = 53) and 64.5% (n = 107) in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively (p>0.05). Median follow-up: 23 (range, 1-96) and 66 months (range, 4-265) in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively (p < 0.001). Two-year OS in stage I/II disease (n = 160, 60.1%): 96.6% (SE ± 3.4) and 89.6% (SE ± 2.2) in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively (p = 0.8). Two-year OS in stage III disease (n = 77): 73.6% (SE ± 10.2) and 77.3% (SE ± 5.8) in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively (p = 0.8). CONCLUSIONS: SLN mapping alone and systematic LND yielded similar survival outcomes in stage I-III USC. In our practice, the SLN algorithm has replaced systematic LND as the primary staging modality in this setting.


Assuntos
Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Endométrio/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 62-69, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare survival after nodal assessment using a sentinel lymph node (SLN) algorithm versus comprehensive pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy (LND) in serous or clear cell endometrial carcinoma, and to compare survival in node-negative cases. METHODS: Three-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival were compared between one institution that used comprehensive LND to the renal veins and a second institution that used an SLN algorithm with ultra-staging with inverse-probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) derived from propensity scores to adjust for covariate imbalance between cohorts. RESULTS: 214 patients were identified (118 SLN cohort, 96 LND cohort). Adjuvant therapy differed between the cohorts; 84% and 40% in the SLN and LND cohorts, respectively, received chemotherapy ± radiation therapy. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year RFS rates were 69% and 80%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year OS rates were 88% and 77%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for the association of surgical approach (SLN vs LND) with progression and death was 1.46 (95% CI: 0.70-3.04) and 0.44 (95% CI: 0.19-1.02), respectively. In the 168 node-negative cases, the IPTW-adjusted 3-year RFS rates were 73% and 91%, respectively. The IPTW-adjusted 3-year OS rates were 88% and 86%, respectively. In this subgroup, IPTW-adjusted HR for the association of surgical approach (SLN vs LND) with progression and death was 3.12 (95% CI: 1.02-9.57) and 0.69 (95% CI: 0.24-1.95), respectively. CONCLUSION: OS was not compromised with the SLN algorithm. SLN may be associated with a decreased RFS but similar OS in node-negative cases despite the majority receiving chemotherapy. This may be due to differences in surveillance.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/cirurgia , Algoritmos , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Metástase Linfática , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(3): 496-502, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759077

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Variability exists in the adjuvant treatment for endometrial cancer (EC) based on surgical pathology and institutional preference. The radiosensitivity index (RSI) is a previously validated multigene expression index that estimates tumor radiosensitivity. We evaluate RSI as a genomic predictor for pelvic failure (PF) in EC patients treated with adjuvant radiation therapy (RT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using our institutional tissue biorepository, we identified EC patients treated between January 1999 and April 2011 with primarily endometrioid histology (n = 176; 86%) who received various adjuvant therapies. The RSI 10-gene signature was calculated for each sample using the previously published algorithm. Radiophenotype was determined using the previously identified cutpoint where RSI ≥ 0.375 denotes radioresistance (RR) and RSI < 0.375 describes radiosensitivity. RESULTS: A total of 204 patients were identified, of which 83 (41%) were treated with adjuvant RT. Median follow-up was 38.5 months. All patients underwent hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with the majority undergoing lymph node dissection (n = 181; 88%). In patients treated with radiation, RR tumors were more likely to experience PF (3-year pelvic control 84% vs 100%; P = .02) with worse PF-free survival (PFFS) (3-year PFFS 65% vs 89%; P = .04). Furthermore, in the patients who did not receive RT, there was no difference in PF (P = .87) or PFFS (P = .57) between the RR/radiosensitive tumors. On multivariable analysis, factors that continued to predict for PF included the RR phenotype (hazard ratio [HR], 12.2; P = .003), lymph node involvement (HR, 4.4; P = .02), and serosal or adnexal involvement (HR, 5.3; P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: On multivariable analysis, RSI was found to be a significant predictor of PF in patients treated with adjuvant RT. We propose using RSI to predict which patients are at higher risk for failing in the pelvis and may be candidates for treatment escalation in the adjuvant setting.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/genética , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Neoplasias Pélvicas/genética , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Histerectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Excisão de Linfonodo/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fenótipo , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos
9.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 154-161, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adjuvant management of women with high-intermediate- and high-risk early-stage endometrial cancer remains controversial. Recently published results of GOG 249 revealed that vaginal brachytherapy plus chemotherapy (VBT + CT) was not superior to whole pelvic radiation therapy (WPRT) and was associated with more toxicities and higher nodal recurrences. This study examined off-study utilization of VBT + CT among women who met criteria for GOG 249 in the period prior to study publication. METHODS: Women diagnosed with FIGO IA-IIB endometrioid, serous, or clear cell uterine cancer between 2004-2015 and treated with hysterectomy and radiotherapy (RT) were identified in the National Cancer Database. Cochrane-Armitrage trend test was used to assess trends over time. Univariate and multivariate Cox analyses were performed to calculate odds ratio (OR) of VBT + CT receipt and hazard ratio (HR) of OS. Propensity-score matched analysis was conducted to account for baseline differences. RESULTS: 9956 women met inclusion criteria. 7548 women (75.8%) received WPRT while 2408 (24.2%) received VBT + CT in the study period. From 2004-2015, there was a significant increase in VBT + CT use (p < 0.001) with the largest overall increase occurring in 2009 to 22%. Factors significantly associated with VBT + CT receipt included higher socioeconomic status (p < 0.001), higher grade endometrioid cancer (p < 0.001), and aggressive histology (p < 0.001). After propensity-score matching, VBT + CT was associated with improved OS (HR 0.74, 95% CI 0.58-0.93); however, when stratified by FIGO stage, VBT + CT was only associated with improved OS for FIGO stage 1B (HR 0.62, 95% CI 0.44-0.87). CONCLUSIONS: There was significant use of experimental arm off-study treatment in the United States prior to report of GOG 249 results. Providers should be cautious when offering off-study treatment utilizing an experimental regimen given uncertainty about efficacy and toxicity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/radioterapia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Braquiterapia/métodos , Carcinoma Endometrioide/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/radioterapia , Carcinoma Endometrioide/cirurgia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/tratamento farmacológico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/radioterapia , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
10.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 147-153, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31780238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of patient-reported lower-extremity lymphedema (LEL) with sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping versus comprehensive lymph node dissection (LND) for the surgical management of newly diagnosed endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent primary surgery for endometrial cancer from 01/2006-12/2012 were mailed a survey that included a validated 13-item LEL screening questionnaire in 08/2016. Patients diagnosed with LEL prior to surgery and those who answered ≤6 survey items were excluded. RESULTS: Of 1275 potential participants, 623 (49%) responded to the survey and 599 were evaluable (180 SLN, 352 LND, 67 hysterectomy alone). Median BMI was similar among cohorts (P = 0.99). External-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) was used in 10/180 (5.5%) SLN and 35/352 (10%) LND patients (P = 0.1). Self-reported LEL prevalence was 27% (49/180) and 41% (144/352), respectively (OR, 1.85; 95% CI, 1.25-2.74; P = 0.002). LEL prevalence was 51% (23/45) in patients who received EBRT and 35% (170/487) in those who did not (OR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.06-3.6; P = 0.03). High BMI was associated with increased prevalence of LEL (OR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.02-1.06; P = 0.001). After controlling for EBRT and BMI, LND retained independent association with an increased prevalence of LEL over SLN (OR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.22-2.69; P = 0.003). Patients with self-reported LEL had significantly worse QOL compared to those without self-reported LEL. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to assess patient-reported LEL after SLN mapping for endometrial cancer. SLN mapping was independently associated with a significantly lower prevalence of patient-reported LEL. High BMI and adjuvant EBRT were associated with an increased prevalence of patient-reported LEL.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/estatística & dados numéricos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prevalência , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 260-261, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31785862

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Laterally extended endopelvic resection (LEER) is regarded as a surgical salvage therapy for patients with laterally recurrent gynecologic carcinomas [1]. A prerequisite for R0 resection using this excision technique is carcinoma location remote from the sciatic foramen [1,2]. However, considering the advantages provided by laparoscopy in terms of visualization and dissection, laparoscopic LEER can potentially be used to achieve R0 resection of a laterally recurrent carcinoma at the sciatic foramen [3]. METHODS: The patient underwent an abdominal radical hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and pelvic lymph node dissection due to stage II endometrial carcinoma. Almost 30 years later, a recurrent endometrial carcinoma, diagnosed by needle biopsy, was detected at the pelvic sidewall. Abdominal CT scan revealed that the recurrent tumor involved the bladder, right ureter, and rectum, and was located at the right sciatic foramen. Due to a long recurrence-free interval, resection surgery was chosen as the treatment. RESULTS: Tumor resection (LEER) and reconstructive surgery were performed laparoscopically. The operation time was 540 minutes, and blood loss volume was 350 ml, with no blood transfusion. R0 resection was achieved without any intraoperative and postoperative complications. There has been no sign of recurrence during the 6 months that have passed since this surgery. CONCLUSIONS: Total laparoscopic LEER and reconstructive surgery for a recurrent endometrial carcinoma located at the right sciatic foramen is technically feasible in experienced hands.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Salpingo-Ooforectomia/métodos
12.
Gynecol Oncol ; 156(1): 162-168, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839339

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate risk factors for 30-day unplanned readmission and increased length of stay (LOS) following minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for endometrial cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective, case-control study using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS NSQIP). Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess perioperative variables associated with readmission and increased LOS after MIS for endometrial cancer. RESULTS: The study population included 10,840 patients who met the criteria of having undergone MIS with a resultant endometrial malignancy confirmed on postoperative pathology. Common reasons for readmission included organ/space surgical site infection (65 cases), sepsis/septic shock (19 cases), and venous thromboembolism (20 cases). Notable risk factors for readmission included (Odds Ratio, Confidence Interval, p-value): dialysis dependence (6.77, 2.51-17.80, <0.01), increased length of stay (3.00, 2.10-4.10, <0.01), and preoperative weight loss (2.80, 1.06-7.17, 0.03); notable risk factors for increased LOS: ascites (8.51, 2.00-36.33, <0.01), operation duration >5 h (6.93, 5.29-9.25, <0.01), and preoperative blood transfusion (5.37, 2.05-14.04, <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Identification of risk factors for adverse postoperative outcomes is necessary to inform and improve standards of care in MIS for endometrial cancer. Using nationally reported data from the ACS NSQIP, this study identifies independent risk factors for unplanned readmission and prolonged LOS, and in doing so, highlights potential avenues for quality improvement.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Endométrio/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Sepse/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia Venosa/etiologia
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(5): 730-742, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 70% of cancer-related deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries. In addition to social and racial inequalities, treatment options in these countries are usually limited because of the lack of trained staff and equipment, limited patient access to health services, and a small number of clinical guidelines. OBJECTIVES: The Brazilian Society of Surgical Oncology developed this guideline to address these barriers and guide physicians treating patients with endometrial cancer (EC) in regions with limited resources and few specialized centers. METHODS: The guideline was prepared from 10 January to 25 October 20192019 by a multidisciplinary team of 56 experts to discuss the main obstacles faced by EC patients in Brazil. Thirteen questions considered critical to the surgical treatment of these patients were defined. The questions were assigned to groups that reviewed the literature and drafted preliminary recommendations. Following a review by the coordinators and a second review by all participants, the groups made final adjustments for presentations in meetings, classified the level of evidence, and voted on the recommendations. RESULTS: For all questions including staging, fertility spearing treatment, genetic testing, sentinel lymph node use, surgical treatment, and other clinical relevant questions, major agreement was achieved by the participants, always using accessible alternatives. CONCLUSIONS: It is possible to provide adequate treatment for most EC patients in resource-limited areas, but the first option should be referral to specialized centers with more resources.


Assuntos
Países em Desenvolvimento , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Brasil , Neoplasias Colorretais Hereditárias sem Polipose/diagnóstico , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Preservação da Fertilidade , Humanos , Histerectomia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Exame Físico , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Sociedades Médicas
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e17818, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764773

RESUMO

To investigate preoperative platelet morphology parameters and other whole blood cells in patients of malignant endometrial carcinoma compared with benign disease.Retrospective analysis was performed through collecting patients' hematological parameters before performing total abdominal/vaginal hysterectomy and standard radical surgery due to benign and malignant endometrial disease between 2006 and 2017. Parameters required included white blood cell (WBC), hemoglobin, platelet count (PLT), platelet distribution width (PDW), mean platelet volume (MPV), and platelet thrombocytocrit (PCT). And neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) were calculated. For malignant carcinoma, Ki-67 percentage and progesterone receptor (PR) status were further collected.A total of 288 patients were included with 145 benign cases and 143 malignant cases. Patients of confirmed endometrial carcinoma showed a significant lower value of PDW (55.21 ±â€Š4.72 vs 49.54 ±â€Š5.89, P < .001), meanwhile significant higher values of MPV (7.12 ±â€Š1.56 vs 8.89 ±â€Š1.67, P < .001) and PCT (24.18 ±â€Š6.89 vs 27.93 ±â€Š8.93, P = .003). Further analysis of endometrial carcinoma patients showed that no significant difference in platelet parameters was found between patients with stage I to II and stage III to IV (P > .05), while increased value in PDW and reduced value in MPV was found in PR negative compared with positive patients.Preoperative platelet morphology parameters seemed to be used as one kind of predictive factors to discriminate malignant and benign endometrial disease. Limited by present study design, further prospective studies are required to support this finding.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Neoplasias do Endométrio/sangue , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Histerectomia , Receptores de Progesterona/análise , Neoplasias do Endométrio/química , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(2): 177-185, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare survival and progression outcomes between 2 nodal assessment approaches in patients with nonbulky stage IIIC endometrial cancer (EC). METHODS: Patients with stage IIIC EC treated at 2 institutions were retrospectively identified. At 1 institution, a historical series (2004-2008) was treated with systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy (LND cohort). At the other institution, more contemporary patients (2006-2013) were treated using a sentinel lymph node algorithm (SLN cohort). Outcomes (hazard ratios [HRs]) within the first 5 years after surgery were compared between cohorts using Cox models adjusted for type of adjuvant therapy. RESULTS: The study included 104 patients (48 LND, 56 SLN). The use of chemoradiotherapy was similar in the 2 cohorts (46% LND vs 50% SLN), but the use of chemotherapy alone (19% vs 36%) or radiotherapy alone (15% vs 2%) differed. Although there was evidence of higher risk of cause-specific death (HR, 2.10; 95% CI, 0.79-5.58; P = 0.14) and lower risk of para-aortic progression (HR, 0.27; 95% CI, 0.05-1.42; P = 0.12) for the LND group, the associations did not meet statistical significance. The risk of progression was not significantly different between the groups (HR, 1.27; 95% CI, 0.60-2.67; P =0 .53). In parsimonious multivariable models, high-risk tumor characteristics and nonendometrioid type were independently associated with lower cause-specific survival and progression-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: In EC patients with nonbulky positive lymph nodes, use of the SLN algorithm with limited nodal dissection does not compromise survival compared with LND. Aggressive pathologic features of the primary tumor are the strongest determinants of prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Idoso , Algoritmos , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
JSLS ; 23(3)2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595144

RESUMO

Background and Objective: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery has been used in treating gynecologic diseases including early-stage cervical and endometrial cancer, but less so in early-stage adnexal cancer. We aimed to demonstrate the use of laparoendoscopic single-site surgery with suture suspension for staging of early-stage ovarian/fallopian-tube cancer and describe the study results. Methods: Seven patients with early-stage adnexal cancer underwent staging surgery via laparoendoscopic single-site surgery at West China Second University Hospital of Sichuan University from November 2017 to September 2018. Results: All cases were successfully staged via this technique. Two patients underwent the high-level para-aortic lymphadenectomy up to the infrarenal vein, and four patients underwent para-aortic lymphadenectomy at the level of the inframesenteric artery; one patient underwent the para-aortic lymph node sampling. The operation time was 305-365 minutes. The estimated intraoperative blood loss was 50-200 mL. No intra-operative complications occurred; one patient developed pneumonia 48 hours postoperation. The number of pelvic and para-aortic nodes was 15-39 and 1-18, respectively. Pain scores 12 and 24 hours postsurgery were 2-3 and 1-2 with the use of butorphanol tartrate, respectively. On 4-14 months followup, the umbilical incision had good cosmesis; no umbilical hernia or vaginal dehiscence and no neoplasm recurrence were noted. Conclusion: Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery may be a feasible and safe technique for staging early-stage ovarian/tubal cancer. This approach has some advantages included providing easier access to the upper abdominal regions when performing high-level infrarenal para-aortic lymphadenectomy; the 2-cm elastic incision favors fast specimen extraction and colpotomy are avoided. However, the long-term oncologic outcomes need to be further investigated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/diagnóstico , Laparoscopia/métodos , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura/instrumentação , Suturas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia
17.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(3): 413-419, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to analyze patterns and risk factors of relapse after postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer. METHODS: Among patients enrolled in a randomized phase III trial (JGOG2043) investigating the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy for endometrial cancer at a high risk of progression, the recurrent patients were studied. Clinical information were collected, and correlation between relapse-related factors and clinicopathological factors were analyzed. RESULTS: Among 193 patients analyzed, 50% had local relapse and 63% had distant relapse. Local relapse involved regional lymph nodes in 30%, while distant relapse involved the abdominal cavity in 42%. Imaging was used to confirm relapse in 83%, and the median disease-free interval (DFI) was 11.5 months. Factors showing a significant correlation with DFI ≤12 months were residual tumor at surgery (p < 0.01), Grade 3 histology (p < 0.01), and lymph node metastasis (p = 0.03). In contrast, treatment with paclitaxel and carboplatin showed a significant correlation with DFI >12 months (p = 0.04). The median post-relapse overall survival (RS) was 23.9 months. In multivariate analysis, CA125 ≥ 100 U/mL prior to relapse (p < 0.01), distant metastasis (p < 0.01), DFI ≤ 12 months (p = 0.02), and not performing para-aortic lymphadenectomy (p = 0.01) were independently related to poor RS. CONCLUSIONS: Relapse of endometrial cancer following adjuvant chemotherapy often occurs by 1 year after treatment, with common relapse sites of the abdominal cavity and regional lymph nodes. Among treatment-related factors, RS was correlated with DFI and para-aortic lymphadenectomy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Top Companion Anim Med ; 36: 16-21, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472724

RESUMO

Endometrial adenocarcinomas present rare neoplasia of bitches. This case report describes mucinous endometrial adenocarcinoma in a bitch with concurrent pyometra for the first time. A mass on the uterine stump was removed during surgery of a 13-year-old bitch with clinically suspected pyometra. Histopathology revealed mucinous endometrial adenocarcinoma. The tumor was classified according to human classification, responding to women's type I (endometrioid carcinoma). Immunohistochemistry showed a positive expression of estrogen receptor α, progesterone receptor, p53, and p16 gene, while vimentin was not expressed.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/veterinária , Piometra/veterinária , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/patologia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/cirurgia , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Doenças do Cão/cirurgia , Cães , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica
19.
Surg Oncol ; 30: 58-62, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500786

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the return of bladder function and genitourinary complications after type C1 robotic nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy (C1-RRH) to type C2 robotic radical hysterectomy (C2-RRH) in gynecologic cancers. METHODS: A retrospective analysis between C1-RRH (n = 42) and C2-RRH (n = 43) was performed. Operative outcomes and perioperative genitourinary complications between the two groups were analyzed. RESULTS: The C1-RRH group had shorter hospitalization (0.7 vs. 1.7 days, p < 0.001) and shorter DUC (1 vs. 28 days, p < 0.001). About 76% of C1-RRH group required a catheter for less than 1 week while 84% of the C2-RRH group did for more than 1 week (54% for 1-6 weeks; 30% > 6 weeks). In spite of the short stay after surgery (95% of C1-RRH ≤ 1 day), only two patients (4.8%) in C1-RRH group were admitted again because of urinary tract infection. C1-RRH was only independent predictor for early bladder function return within 1 week after surgery. CONCLUSION: The C1-RRH showed early bladder function return and feasible outcomes in spite of early discharge. It can be considered as the first surgical option in gynecologic cancer patients who need RH to preserve their bladder function.


Assuntos
Histerectomia/mortalidade , Fibras Nervosas , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/mortalidade , Sistema Urogenital/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Urodinâmica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia
20.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(1): 13-20, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395371

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: While women with stage III endometrial cancer are often treated with chemotherapy and external beam radiation, the optimal sequence of these modalities is unknown. We examined the association between the sequence of chemotherapy (CT) and external beam radiation therapy (RT) on survival for women with stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was used to identify women with stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma treated with adjuvant CT and RT from 2004 to 2015. Patients were stratified based on the sequence of therapy: RT before CT, CT before RT, or concurrent therapy. The association between treatment sequence and mortality was examined through a weighted propensity score analysis. RESULTS: A total of 6981 patients were identified, including 5116 (73.3%) who received CT before RT, 696 (10.0%) who received RT before CT, and 1169 (16.7%) who received concurrent therapy. The use of CT-RT increased from 39.9% in 2004 to 75.5% in 2015, while use of RT-CT decreased from 34.0% to 4.4% and concurrent therapy decreased from 26.1% to 20.2% over the same period (P < 0.001). Compared to CT-RT, there was no difference in risk of mortality with RT before CT (HR = 1.01; 95% CI, 0.86-1.19) while concurrent therapy was associated with a 47% increased risk of mortality (HR = 1.47; 95% CI, 1.31-1.66). In a sensitivity analysis combining the groups that received RT first (RT before CT or concurrent RT-CT), mortality was 25% higher (HR = 1.25; 95% CI, 1.13-1.39) compared to a strategy of CT followed by RT. CONCLUSION: Among women with stage IIIC endometrial carcinoma treated with combination chemotherapy and external beam radiation, a strategy employing chemotherapy first is associated with improved survival compared to concurrent therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias do Endométrio/radioterapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Endométrio/patologia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias
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