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1.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 48-51, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902170

RESUMO

Lymphatic metastasis is an independent prognostic factor for surgical prognosis of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) . Lymph node dissection is an important content of radical resection of HCCA, but there are still many disputes about the definition, scope and dissection numbers of intraoperative lymph node dissection. There has been a lot of research being done at home and abroad in recent years focusing on the above problems, and novel insights have also been proposed.According to the current view, routine skeletal dissection of lymph nodes in the duodenum ligament of liver, the common hepatic artery, and the posterior part of the duodenum of pancreas head (the 12(th) group, the 8(th) group and the 13(th) group) during operation can bring significant survival benefits to patients with HCCA. However, it is still not clear whether the dissection of peripheral lymph node in truncus coeliacus, aorta abdominalis, and venae cava inferior during operation can bring survival benefits to HCCA patients during operation. Properly increasing the number of lymph node dissection during operation can not only significantly improve the survival prognosis of the patients of HCCA with stage N0, but also improve the detection rate of positive lymph nodes and obtain enough information for the stage of the disease. However, the excessive increase of total lymph node count is not only difficult to achieve in practice, but may also lead to an increase in the incidence of postoperative complications. Therefore, further investigation is needed in intraoperative lymph node dissection of HCCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfonodos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Prognóstico
2.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(3): 524-537, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31867746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with sarcomatoid change (iCCA-SC) is a rare histological subtype of iCCA, the clinical features and outcomes after surgical resection on the prognosis is still unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients with histologically proven iCCA who underwent curative liver resection at our hospital between January 2008 and December 2018. Propensity score matching analysis was used to match patients with and without sarcomatoid change at a ratio of 1:4. The nomogram integrating all significant independent factors for overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) was constructed to predict prognosis for iCCA. The predictive accuracy ability of the nomogram was determined by Harrell's index (C-index). RESULTS: A total of 40 iCCA-SC and 160 ordinary iCCA patients were included in this study. RFS and OS in the iCCA-SC group were significantly lower than those in the ordinary iCCA group (P<.001 and P = .002, respectively). The calibration curve for the probability of survival showed good agreement between the nomogram prediction and actual observation. CONCLUSION: The histological sarcomatoid subtype is an independent predictor of tumor recurrence and shorter OS in iCCA patients. The nomogram we established could provide more accurate prognostic prediction for iCCA patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Fígado/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e18307, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804378

RESUMO

Only a few high-volume centers have reported the efficacy of laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). The minimally invasive approach is still controversial for ICC, especially when dealing with large (≥5 cm) or multiple (≥2) ICCs.Patients with large and multiple ICCs who underwent LLR or open hepatectomy (OH) between January 2012 and June 2017 were included. Furthermore, 1:2 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed between the LLR group and the OH group. Short- and long-term outcomes were compared between the different techniques.After PSM, LLR resulted in significantly longer operation time (median 225 minutes vs 190 minutes, P = .006) and pringle maneuver time (median 50 minutes vs 32.5 minutes, P = .001). There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative hospital stay between the different approaches (median 6 days vs 7 days, P = .092). The grade III/IV complication rates were comparable between the groups (5.6% vs 11.1%, P = .868). In the PSM subset, there was no significant difference in terms of overall survival (P = .645) or disease-free survival (P = .827) between patients in the LLR group and in the OH group.The present study showed that patients who underwent LLR for large or multiple ICCs could obtain similar short- and long-term outcomes compared with those who underwent OH, and lymph node dissection (LND) was technically difficult but feasible during LLR.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Pontuação de Propensão
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18472, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861027

RESUMO

Previous researches have shown that anesthesia can affect the outcomes of many kinds of cancer after surgery. Here, we investigated the association between anesthesia and patient outcomes after elective open intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma surgery.This was a retrospective cohort study of patients who received elective open intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma surgery between January 2005 and December 2014. Patients were grouped according to the anesthesia received, that is, propofol or desflurane anesthesia. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed and survival curves were constructed from the date of surgery to death. After propensity matching, univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were used to compare hazard ratios for death. Subgroup analyses were performed for tumor node metastasis staging and postoperative metastasis and recurrence.A total of 34 patients (21 deaths, 62.0%) with propofol anesthesia and 36 (31 deaths, 86.0%) with desflurane anesthesia were eligible for analysis. After propensity matching, 58 patients remained in each group. In the matched analysis, the propofol anesthesia had a better survival with hazard ratio of 0.51 (95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.94, P = .032) compared with desflurane anesthesia. In addition, subgroup analyses showed that patients under propofol anesthesia had less postoperative metastases (hazard ratio, 0.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.15-0.88; P = .025), but not fewer postoperative recurrence formation (hazard ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval 0.46-2.93; P = .746), than those under desflurane anesthesia in the matched groups.In a limited sample size, propofol anesthesia was associated with better survival in open intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma surgery. Prospective and large sample size researches are necessary to evaluate the effects of propofol anesthesia on the surgical outcomes of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma surgery.


Assuntos
Anestesia Intravenosa/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Desflurano , Propofol , Idoso , Anestésicos Intravenosos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6025-6033, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9) is a poor prognostic marker in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). Previous studies have shown a link between hypoxia and CA19-9 in cancer, and we have previously demonstrated a correlation between HDAC1 and HIF-1α in IHCC. Here, we evaluated the expression and correlation of CA19-9 with HIF-1 and HDAC in IHCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study included 62 patients with IHCC who underwent primary hepatectomy at our department. Clinicopathological characteristics were examined. Immunohistochemical expression of HIF-1 and HDAC1 in specimens was quantitatively evaluated. RESULTS: Patients with high preoperative serum CA19-9 levels showed clinicopathological characteristics associated with tumour progression. High CA19-9 levels were associated with worse overall and recurrence-free survival. Univariate and multivariate analysis detected high CA19-9 levels as an independent poor prognostic factor for IHCC. Serum CA19-9 was significantly correlated with both HIF-1α and HDAC1 expression. CONCLUSION: High serum CA19-9 level is a poor prognostic factor for overall survival in IHCC and correlates with HIF-1α and HDAC1 expression.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Antígeno CA-19-9/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6347-6353, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the significance of immunonutritional and physical index in the assessment of risk associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in the elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 92 patients who underwent PD. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A included patients 79 years and younger (n=79) and Group B patients 80 years and older (n=13). Among 37 patients, physical function and body composition were also evaluated. RESULTS: Significantly higher neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lower prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and controlling nutritional score were observed in Group B. Muscle strength and walking ability were significantly impaired in Group B, although there was no significant difference in body composition. Age was not correlated with the incidence of postoperative complications, overall survival or recurrence-free survival by univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: PD is justified for the elderly, with acceptable morbidity and prognosis. However, immunonutritional status and physical function are significantly impaired; thus, appropriate case selection and active nutritional support are required for the elderly.


Assuntos
Limitação da Mobilidade , Força Muscular , Estado Nutricional , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Composição Corporal , Comorbidade , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/citologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Albumina Sérica/análise
7.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(8): 1379-1385, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31691290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Open surgery for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) has already been widely reported and analyzed. However, the laparoscopic technique for treating HCCA remains controversial because of the lack of radicality and poor assessment of the resectability of hilar structures without direct palpation. The aim of this study was to provide detailed surgical procedures and photographs of this technically demanding operation, describe our experience in assessing resectability before and during surgery, and confirm the radicality of laparoscopic resection of Bismuth type III and IV HCCA. METHODS: From November 2016 to November 2018, nine patients received laparoscopic resection of Bismuth type III or IV HCCA in our department. RESULTS: Laparoscopic right hepatectomy was performed in four patients, and laparoscopic left hepatectomy was performed in five patients. Negative margins were achieved in all patients. Complications were found in two (22.22%) patients, with bile leakage and hepatic insufficiency each in one patient. The patient developing hepatic insufficiency had persistent and ongoing liver failure and finally expired. CONCLUSION: The radicality of laparoscopic resection for Bismuth type III and IV HCCA can be technically improved through extended lymphadenectomy, visual assessment of hilar structures, and frozen section techniques.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Transfusão de Sangue , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Seleção de Pacientes , Complicações Pós-Operatórias
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18166, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770264

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hepatectomy is a treatment to increase survival and curability of patients with intrahepatic lesions or malignant tumors. However, posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) can occur. This case is a patient showing acute mental change in postanesthetic care unit (PACU) as an uncommon symptom of PHLF after extended right hepatectomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 68-year-old male patient was admitted for surgery of Klatskin tumor. He had hypertension and atrial fibrillation. His model for end-stage liver disease score was 16 pts. His serum bilirubin and ammonia levels were 4.75 mg/dL and 132.8 mcg/dL, respectively. Other laboratory data were nonspecific. He underwent extended right hepatic lobectomy including segments IV-VIII for 9 hours. Weight of liver specimen was 1028 g which was about 58% of total liver volume based on computed tomographic volumetry. The patient was extubated and moved to the PACU with stable vital sign and regular self-breathing. He could obey verbal commands. Fifteen minutes after admission to the PACU, the patient showed abruptly decreasing mental status and self-breathing. DIAGNOSES: Brain computed tomography, blood culture, and sputum culture were performed to diagnose brain lesions and sepsis for evaluating the sudden onset comatous mental status. Results showed nonspecific finding. INTERVENTIONS: He was intubated for securing airway and applying ventilatory care. The patient was moved to the intensive care unit. He received intensive conservative therapy including continuous renal replacement therapy and broad-spectrum antibiotics. OUTCOMES: The patient's condition was worsened. He expired on postoperative day 3. LESSONS: Acute mental change is uncommon and rare as initial symptoms of PHLF. Therefore, clinician may overlook the diagnosis of PHLF in patients with acute mental change after hepatectomy. Thus, clinician should plan an aggressive treatment for PHLF including liver transplantation by recognizing any suspicious symptom, although such symptom is rare.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Encefalopatia Hepática , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Falência Hepática , Fígado , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Evolução Fatal , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Encefalopatia Hepática/diagnóstico , Encefalopatia Hepática/etiologia , Encefalopatia Hepática/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/cirurgia , Falência Hepática/diagnóstico , Falência Hepática/etiologia , Falência Hepática/psicologia , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/psicologia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(45): e17832, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31702638

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The prognosis for recurrent intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with bone metastasis remains dismal and its treatment poses a challenge for oncologists. To date, only 2 cases were reported in which pembrolizumab, an agent against programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1), combined with chemotherapy led to a complete response. The safety and efficacy of nivolumab-based immunotherapy combined with lenvatinibin intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma is unknown. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 40-year-old female was identified as having a lesion of 7.0 cm in diameter in the right lobe of the liver. In addition, calculi in the main and left hepatic bile ducts as well as the gallbladder were found. DIAGNOSIS: Based on the results of imaging studies and tumor biomarker level, the patient was initially diagnosed as having intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma and cholelithiasis, after which surgery was performed. The pathological examination confirmed that the tumor was cholangiocarcinoma. Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered after surgery. However, the patient developed recurrent lesions at the 5th month after surgery, and the cholangiocarcinoma expanded to the right thoracic vertebral pedicle (T7-8) at the 6th month. INTERVENTIONS: The patient underwent percutaneous microwave ablation after recurrence in the liver was identified. After that, the patient received nivolumab plus lenvatinib. OUTCOMES: The lesions in the liver decreased in size and disappeared after treatment with nivolumab plus lenvatinib. Additionally, the metastases in the right thoracic vertebral pedicle were stable after 9 months of therapy. LESSONS: Immunotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer, melanoma, and advanced renal cell carcinoma. In this case, the patient achieved an excellent radiological and symptomatic response after receiving nivolumab plus lenvatinib combination therapy. Patients suffering from cholangiocarcinoma with dMMR status and a high tumor mutation burden (TMB) may have a consistent eutherapeutic effect with anti-PD-1-directed treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 157, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664988

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarinoma (ICC) has a rising incidence in western countries. Often major or extended resections are necessary for complete tumor removal. Due to demographical trends the number of elderly patients diagnosed with ICC is rising accordingly. Aim of this study is to show whether resection of ICC in elderly patients is reasonable or not. METHODS: Between January 2008 and June 2018 all consecutive patients with ICC were collected. Analyses were focussed on the performed resection, its extent, postoperative morbidity and mortality as well as survival. Statistics were performed with Chi2 test for categorical data and for survival analyses the Kaplan Meier model with log rank test was used. RESULTS: In total 210 patients underwent surgical exploration with 150 resections (71.4%). Patients were divided in 70-years cut-off groups (> 70 vs < 70 years of age) as well as a young (age 30-50, n = 23), middle-age (50-70, n = 76) and old (> 70, n = 51) group, whose results are presented here. Resectability (p = 0.709), extent of surgery (p = 0.765), morbidity (p = 0.420) and mortality (p = 0.965) was comparable between the different age groups. Neither visceral (p = 0.991) nor vascular (p = 0.614) extension differed significantly, likewise tumor recurrence (p = 0.300) or the localisation of recurrence (p = 0.722). In comparison of patients > or < 70 years of age, recurrence-free survival (RFS) was significantly better for the younger group (p = 0.047). For overall survival (OS) a benefit could be shown, but without reaching significance (p = 0.072). In subgroup analysis the middle-age group had significant better OS (p = 0.020) and RFS (p = 0.038) compared to the old group. Additionally, a better OS (p = 0.076) and RFS (p = 0.179) was shown in comparison with the young group as well, but without reaching significance. The young compared to the old group had analogous OS (p = 0.931) and RFS (p = 0.845). CONCLUSION: Resection of ICC in elderly patients is not associated with an increased perioperative risk. Even extended resections can be performed in elderly patients without obvious disadvantages. Middle-age patients have a clear benefit for OS and RFS, while young and old patients have a comparable and worse long-term outcome.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Período Pós-Operatório , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 82(3): 417-420, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566330

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CC) represent 3% of all gastrointestinal tumours and can be classified anatomically in 3 types: intrahepatic (ICC), perihilar (PCC) and distal (DCC) cholangiocarcinomas. Resection is the treatment of choice but is only achieved in a few cases (<20%) because of invasion of the biliary tract and/or vascular structures. The outcome of advanced CC is poor with an overall survival (OS) of maximum 15 months with chemotherapy. In the 1990s, CC was regarded as a contraindication for liver transplantation (LT). LT has recently been proposed as potentially curative option for ICC and PCC. Careful patient selection has changed OS. This article provides an update on current status of LT for patients with unresectable CC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17102, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567946

RESUMO

Combined hepatocellular-cholangiocarcinoma (CHCC) is a rare type of primary liver cancer (PLC). The aim of this study was to investigate the disease characteristics in CHCC patients and compare them with those in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).The perioperative and follow-up data of CHCC patients (n = 15), HCC patients (n = 577), and ICC patients (n = 61) were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinicopathological characteristics were compared among these 3 groups.In the CHCC group, the serum level of AFP was significantly higher than that of the ICC group (P = .002), and the CA19-9 level was higher than that of the HCC group (P = .011). The positive rates of CK7 and CK19 expression were higher in CHCC group than in HCC group (both P < .001), while the positive rates of Glypican-3 and Hepatocyte expression were higher in CHCC group than in ICC group (both P < .001). Meanwhile, the CHCC patients were likely to have undergone more MJH/LT than the HCC patients (P = .037) and the ICC patients (P = .011). Macrovascular invasion and lymph node metastasis in the CHCC group were significantly higher but satellite lesions were similar, compared to the HCC group. Both the 1-year disease-free survival (DFS) and the 1-year overall survival (OS) for the CHCC patients were worse than those for the HCC patients. AFP ≥ 400 ng/ml, tumor size ≥5 cm, tumor number ≥2, macro- and microvascular invasion, distant metastasis and positive margin were risk factors for both DFS and OS for the PLC patients. Multivariate analysis also confirmed that ICC and lymph node metastasis were risk factors for DFS and MJH/LT was risk factor for OS.CHCC patients appear to have intermediate clinical characteristics in comparison with the HCC and ICC patients, and the 1-year DFS and OS for the CHCC patients was worse than the HCC patients, but similar to the ICC patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/mortalidade , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , China , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/cirurgia
13.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(5): 729-735, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490892

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to compare the difference of computed tomography (CT) features between intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas (ICCs) with and without lymph node metastasis (LNM) and to construct a nomogram to predict LNM and overall survival preoperatively. METHODS: Clinicopathological and contrast-enhanced CT features of 63 patients with ICC were analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to construct a nomogram to predict LNM preoperatively. Survival curves were drawn with the Kaplan-Meier method, and survival difference was compared. RESULTS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinomas with and without LNM differed significantly in clinical symptoms, tumor location, morphologic classification, arterial phase enhancement degree-mean, arterial phase enhancement degree-max, portal venous phase enhancement degree-max, equilibrium phase (EP) enhancement ratio, EP CT value-max, and EP CT value-max/liver. A nomogram based on morphologic classification, EP CT value-max, and EP enhancement ratio was constructed to predict LNM with an area under curve of 0.814 (P < 0.001). Patients with ICC with LNM risk of 0.20 or greater based on the nomogram showed a significantly poorer overall survival than those with LNM risk less than 0.20 (39.5 ± 5.2 vs 51.1 ± 4.7 months). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative CT features of ICCs differed significantly between those with and without LNM. Nomogram based on those features could predict LNM and overall survival even better than the N stage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico por imagem , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Meios de Contraste , Feminino , Humanos , Iohexol , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Crit Rev Oncol Hematol ; 143: 124-129, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) for resected biliary tract cancer (BTC) is still unclear and there is no specific recommendation by international guidelines. AIM: To perform a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCTs) to better define the clinical benefit and risks of ACT or observation in resected BTC. METHOD: A systematic literature search of Pubmed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was performed up to April 2019. A meta-analysis was carried out using the random effects model. RESULTS: ACT provided a mild improvement in recurrence free survival (RFS) (HR:0.83, 95%CI 0.69-0.99) and no effect on overall survival (OS) (HR:0.91, 95%CI 0.75-1.09). Similarly, ACT showed no effect on OS in lymph-node positive subgroup (HR:0.84, 95% CI 0.65-1.08) and surgical margin positive subgroup (HR:0.95, 95%CI 0.69-1.31). Moreover, ACT led to a substantial increase of chemotherapy-associated adverse events (RR:3.03, 95%CI 2.22-4.15). CONCLUSION: ACT for resected BTC patients modestly improved RFS with no effect on OS and a substantial increase in chemotherapy associated AEs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
J Surg Oncol ; 120(6): 946-955, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to characterize patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) undergoing curative-intent surgery with discordant preoperative and postoperative prediction scores and determine factors associated with prediction discrepancy. METHODS: Patients who underwent hepatectomy for ICC between 1990 and 2016 were identified in a multi-institutional international database. Preoperative and postoperative prognostic models were designed and discordant prognostic scores were identified. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was completed to determined factors associated with score discordance. RESULTS: Among 1149 patients, those who had concordant prediction scores were older (median age, 60 vs 56), and more likely to have a smaller median tumor size (6.0 vs 7.5 cm) (all P < .05). On multivariable logistic analysis, patients with higher neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (odds ratio [OR], 1.14; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.19), higher CEA levels (OR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.04-1.50), larger tumors (OR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.04-1.15) and suspicious lymph nodes (OR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.25-3.36) were more likely to have preoperative and postoperative score discordance. Older patients had decreased odds of having score discordance (OR, 0.98; 95% CI, 0.96-0.99). Patients with score discordance had worse overall survival compared with patients with concordant scores (median:15.9 vs 21.7 months, P < .05). CONCLUSION: Score discordance may reflect an aggressive variant of ICC that would benefit from early integration of multidisciplinary treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Modelos Estatísticos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(8): 561-567, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422623

RESUMO

Radical resection is the only curable treatment for perihilar cholangiocarcinoma.With the continuous renewal of laparoscopic instruments and the continuous improvement of technology, laparoscopic radical resection of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma has been gradually carried out in China, and its feasibility and safety have been recognized by some domestic peers. In order to standardize clinical diagnosis and treatment behavior, ensure patients receive safe and standardized treatment and improve prognosis, so that the operation can be standardized application and development. Based on the principles of treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma and the corresponding technical norms of laparoscopic operation, the Expert Group on Operational Norms of Laparoscopic Radical Resection of Perihilar Cholangiocarcinoma and Editorial Board of Chinese Journal of Surgery have organized relevant domestic experts to formulate expert recommendations for laparoscopic radical resection of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma, so as to facilitate clinical practice and standardized application.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/normas , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/normas
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4569-4573, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the clinicopathological features of intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) and investigate their relationships with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included 104 patients who underwent resection of tumors that showed papillary growth within the bile duct and pancreas. RESULTS: Comparisons were performed based on subtypes and histological grades. The presence of various histological grades was confirmed in both the IPNB group and the IPMN group, and statistical significance was found in the between-group comparisons of subtypes and histological grades. It was shown that while all patients who underwent IPNB resection did not match the classifications proposed by Nakanuma et al., they did reflect classification characteristics. CONCLUSION: IPNB and IPMN have common clinical histological features. Common features between IPNB subtype classifications were also identified, which may provide novel diagnostics.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Carcinoma Papilar/patologia , Carcinoma Papilar/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/patologia , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Pancreatectomia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Intraductais Pancreáticas/cirurgia
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(7): 517-522, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269614

RESUMO

Objective: To assess the safety and feasibility of the application of the laparoscopic modality in the perioperative treatment of central liver tumors. Methods: Collecting all the clinical information of a total of 40 patients with central liver tumors who received laparoscopic resection treatment carried out at Department of Hepatological Surgery of People's Hospital of Hunan Provincial from January 2016 to December 2018 to take a retrospective review. There were 19 males and 21 females.The age was (59.5±14.5) years (range: 15 to 71 years) . There were 26 cases of primary hepatic carcinoma (24 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, 2 cases of cholangiocellular carcinoma) , 8 cases of hepatic cavernous hemangioma, 1 case of metastatic hepatic carcinoma, 5 cases of hepatocellular adenoma. The maximum diameter of tumors were (6.2±2.9) cm (range: 2 to 13 cm) . The patient's information about hepatectomy methods, blocking mode and time of blood flow, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, intraoperative blood transfusion rate, post-operative hospitalization time, perioperative reoperation and postoperative complications were collected. Results: A total of 40 patients all were treated with laparoscopic surgery. The surgical procedure was as follows: 2 patients received the right hepatic lobectomy (Ⅴ, Ⅵ, Ⅶ and Ⅷ segments) , 2 patients received the left hepatic lobectomy (Ⅱ, III and Ⅳ segments) , 13 patients received mesohepatectomy (Ⅳ, Ⅰ and Ⅷ segments) , 2 patients received left hepatic trisegmentectomy (Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅷ segments) , 2 patients received right hepatic trisegmentectomy (Ⅳ, Ⅴ, Ⅵ, Ⅶ and Ⅷ segments) , 7 patients received Ⅷ segmentectomy, 1 patient received Ⅳ segmentectomy, 3 patients received Ⅴ and Ⅷ segmentectomy, 5 patients received hepatic caudate lobe resection (Ⅰ, Ⅸ segments) , and 3 patients received local tumors resection.Pathological results: there were 26 cases of primary hepatic carcinoma (24 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, 2 cases of cholangiocellular carcinoma) , 8 cases of hepatic cavernous hemangioma, 1 case of metastatic hepatic carcinoma, 5 cases of hepatocellular adenoma; the pathological reports of all malignant tumor cases all showed negative incisal edge. The operative time was (333±30) minutes (range: 280 to 380 minutes) ; the intraoperative hepatic portal occlusion period was (58±13) minutes (range: 30 to 90 minutes) ; the intraoperative hemorrhage was (173±129) ml (range: 20 to 600 ml) ; the intraoperative blood transfusion rate was 2.5% (1/40) ; the postoperative incidence of bile leakage was 2.5% (1/40) , the hospital discharge of 1 patient with bile leakage was approved after conservative treatments like T pipe decompression and adequate drainage; there was 1 case of abdominal infection and 1 case of pulmonary infection, both of which were discharged from the hospital with conservative treatments; there were no other serious postoperative complications. The postoperative hospital stay was (10.7±2.7) days (range: 6 to 16 days) ; there were no perioperative mortality and reoperation cases. Conclusion: In the centers with abundant laparoscopic hepatectomy experiences, the laparoscopic resection is proved to be safe and feasible in the perioperative treatments of central liver tumors by the highly selective cases, the adequate preoperative assessment and reasonable surgical techniques and approach.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hemangioma Cavernoso/patologia , Hemangioma Cavernoso/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(7): 523-526, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269615

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the clinical effect and safety of minor liver resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) of Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ and Ⅳ. Methods: From May 2007 to May 2017, the clinical data of 108 patients with Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅲ and Ⅳ HC underwent hepatectomy were collected and analyzed retrospectively.There were 56 males and 52 females, aged (57.2±5.3) years (ranged 48-76 years) .Among the 108 cases, there were 51 cases of type Ⅲa, 40 cases of type Ⅲb and 17 cases of type Ⅳ. Small-scale hepatectomy (≤3 hepatectomy) was performed in 70 cases, including 8 cases of 4b segment resection, 28 cases of 4b segment+5 segment resection, and 34 cases of partial 4 segment+partial 7 segment+partial 1 segment resection. Large-scale hepatectomy was performed in 38 cases (>3 segments) , of which 30 cases were treated with 2 segments+3 segments+4 segments+1 segment, and 8 cases were treated with 5 segments+7 segments+8 segments+1 segment. t' test was used to analyze the data which did not conform to the normal distribution, and χ(2) test was used to calculate the incidence of postoperative complications and the 1, 3, and 5-year cumulative overall survival rate. Results: (1) The operation time of minor liver resection group ((180±25)minutes) was shorter than that of major liver resection group ((210±35)minutes) (t'=4.676, P<0.05) , the amount of blooding operation time of minor liver resection group ((310±80)ml) was less than that of major liver resection group ((500±110)ml)in the operation (t'=9.385, P<0.05) , and the difference was statistically significant. (2) The incidence of complications was lower in minor liver resection group and major liver resection group, and the difference was statistically significant (χ(2)=5.230, P<0.05) . (3) The actual 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 87.1%, 58.4%, 30.0% and 84.2%, 57.9%,31.6%, respectively. There were no significant differences in survival rates in two groups in 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates (χ(2)=0.177, P=0.674; χ(2)=0.005, P=0.946; χ(2)=0.029, P=0.865) . Conclusions: Compared to patients with major liver resection, Minor liver resection for selected patients with HC of Bismuth-Corlette Ⅲ and Ⅳaccording to our criteria achieved better long-term outcomes. Chen's biliojejunostomy is a simple, effective and safe method, which can be widely used when there are multiple biliary intestinal anastomosese.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/classificação , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/classificação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16410, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277198

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hepatic hemangioma (HH) is a common benign tumor with a high number of normal or abnormal blood vessels. Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a relatively common malignant primary hepatic carcinoma (10%-15%) with high incidence rate and high fatality, yet low discovery rate in the early stages. Ultrasonography (US), computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are frequently used and indispensable imaging techniques for the diagnosis of hepatic lesions. It is possible to differentiate a liver lesion from HH with high accuracy owing to their different patterns and hemodynamic characteristics. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old Asian woman was referred to hospital for a hepatic mass, which was 9.0 × 6.5 cm in size, The patient was tested positive for hepatitis B antigen but negative for serum alpha-fetoprotein and carbohydrate antigen 199 and had a slightly elevated carcinoembryonic antigen level (3.56 ng/ml). DIAGNOSIS: Liver US and MRI were performed. Grey-scale US revealed a huge heterogeneous mass on the right lobe with a point and line-like blood flow signal on Doppler US. Dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI showed heterogeneous annular nodular enhancement in the arterial phase. An initial diagnosis of HH was made based on the clinical history and imaging results; however, histopathologic examination of the liver lesions revealed modest to severe atypical hyperplasia of intrahepatic bile duct epithelium, cancerization, and mid to high differentiated mass-forming type cholangiocarcinoma combined with focal organized hemangioma. INTERVENTIONS: The intrahepatic mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (IMCC) lesion was considered a focal organization of hemangioma during operation and was surgically removed. No routine chemotherapy was performed after the operation. OUTCOMES: The IMCC recurred 23 months after surgery, with elevated serum CA19-9 and CA125. Liver damage was evident, and the patient developed jaundice. The patient was discharged without active treatment and died in 4 months. LESSONS: Although preoperative imaging of focal hepatic lesions is indispensable, intraoperative frozen section analysis and histopathological examination remain essential for definitive diagnosis. This is particularly important for high-risk patients and those with suspected malignancy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Hemangioma/diagnóstico , Hemangioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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