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2.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 268: 87-91, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890844

RESUMO

Surgical excision of the groin and vulva is a painful procedure. Traditionally following general or regional anaesthesia, local anaesthetic was infiltrated around the wound. Thedistribution varied and the somatic pain control was not reliable. Inspired by the success of the application of peripheral nerve blocks for postoperative pain control with open abdominal procedures, we introduced blockade of the ilioinguinal nerve (IIN) and pudendal nerve (PN) into our vulval surgery to assess the requirement for parenteral and oral analgesia in the postoperative period. This is an observational study of all patients undergoing major vulval and/or related groin surgery. Sampling biopsies were excluded. Levobipuvicaine 0.25% (2.5 mg/ml) or 0.5% (5 mg/ml) was used for and dosage was calculated based on the patient's weight with no more than 2 mg/kg. For example, using 0.25% of levobupivacaine (2.5 mg/ml) for a 70 kg patient, 56 ml is administered divided into 4, giving 14mls at each site (2 sites abdominally for IIN block and 2 sites for pudendal block). Eighteen women were included in the analysis. Median age was 67 (range 34-81) years and thirteen (72%) were >60 years. Visual analogue scores (VAS) ranged from 0 to 3 for seventeen patients from day 0 to day 1 and fifteen patients from day 2 to day 5. Two patients had pain scores >4 on one or more postoperative days: one had chronic arthralgia and one had received a lower volume of bupivacaine. This observational study demonstrates that ilioinguinal and pudendal nerve LA blocks may be a valuable addition to the multimodal postoperative analgesic pathway for women undergoing major surgical excision in the vulva and groin.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Bloqueio Nervoso , Nervo Pudendo , Cirurgiões , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestésicos Locais , Bupivacaína , Feminino , Virilha , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Vulva/cirurgia
3.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 29(3): 340, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34896659

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic implantation of neuroprosthesis to the pelvic somatic nerves for recovery of voluntary walking motion in some patients with chronic spinal cord injuries. DESIGN: Video. SETTING: Tertiary referral unit specialized in advanced gynecologic surgery and neuropelveology. INTERVENTIONS: The technique of laparoscopic implantation of electrodes on the pelvic nerves-the LION (Laparoscopic Implantation of Neuroprothesis) procedure-was introduced by Possover in gynecology more than 15 years ago for the treatment of refractory pelvic neuropathic pain and bladder dysfunctions. From this first indication, further applications were developed, especially in the field of parapleology. The "Possover-LION" procedure consists of a laparoscopic implantation by transperitoneal approach of 4 stimulation lead electrodes to the sciatic, pudendal, and femoral nerves on both sides in those with a spinal cord injury. The femoral nerves are identified laterally to the psoas muscles, whereas exposure of the sciatic and pudendal nerves is obtained by blunt dissection of the lumbosacral space, laterally to the external iliac vessels. The lead electrodes are simply placed in direct contact to the nerves, while the retroperitoneal loop of cables prevents from dislocation. Finally, all cables are connected to a multichannel generator implanted in paraumbilical position, fixed to the abdominal fascia. CONCLUSION: The LION procedure allows the stimulation of the pelvic somatic nerves for recovery of a voluntary electrically assisted walking motion in approximately 70% of patients with chronic complete or incomplete spinal cord injury.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Nervo Pudendo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pelve/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Espaço Retroperitoneal , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Caminhada/fisiologia
4.
A A Pract ; 15(11): e01548, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34807870

RESUMO

The pudendal nerve (PN) block is an effective regional technique for providing analgesia to the perineum. However, when the surgical site involves dermatomal areas lateral to the PN dermatome, additional blocks are necessitated. We present a case report of a 6-year-old female who presented for surgical resection of widespread condylomata accuminata involving the perineum and buttocks. Analgesia was achieved using a combined PN and inferior cluneal nerve block. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this combined technique used for perioperative analgesia.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso , Nervo Pudendo , Nádegas , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Dor , Períneo/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia
5.
Microsurgery ; 41(8): 787-791, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34655246

RESUMO

Revision surgery after gender-affirming genitoplasty is becoming more and more common as more patients gain access to surgical treatment. The complexity of genitoplasty and extensive dissection of delicate tissues predisposes patients to necrosis of the flap(s) employed, which can leave patients with complications ranging from poor aesthetics to total lack of genital sensation. The purpose of this report is to detail the revision surgery of a 32-year-old transgender woman who underwent vaginoplasty at an outside institution and presented to our clinic for clitoral reconstruction following necrosis and near-total loss of the neoclitoris. Physical exam showed extensive necrosis, and 3-Tesla magnetic resonance (MRI) revealed significant scarring of the pudendal nerve branches at the level of the pubic symphysis. Healthy nerve was identified at the level of the right inferior pubic ramus, and total clitoral reconstruction with an innervated first dorsal web space free flap anastamosed to the deep inferior epigastric vessels was performed. Complications included donor site cellulitis with partial loss of the skin graft and formation of hypertrophic scar tissue. This was treated 6 months postoperatively with excision of scar tissue in the webspace and placement of an additional full-thickness skin graft. At follow-up, the patient reported tactile and erogenous sensation of the neoclitoris itself and subjective satisfaction with the aesthetic outcome. Our results provide evidence that this flap is a feasible option to create an aesthetic and sensate neoclitoris in the setting of previous neoclitoral necrosis. This case report also describes the novel use of 3-Tesla MRI in target selection for nerve coaptation.


Assuntos
Nervo Pudendo , Transexualidade , Adulto , Clitóris/cirurgia , Estética , Feminino , Humanos , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
6.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 43(5): 785-793, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33386457

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Motor deficits affecting anal sphincter control can severely impair quality of life. Peripheral nerve transfer has been proposed as an option to reestablish anal sphincter motor function. We assessed, in human cadavers, the anatomical feasibility of nerve transfer from a motor branch of the tibialis portion of the sciatic nerve to two distinct points on pudendal nerve (PN), through transgluteal access, as a potential approach to reestablish anal sphincter function. METHODS: We dissected 24 formalinized specimens of the gluteal region and posterior proximal third of the thigh. We characterized the motor fascicle (donor nerve) from the sciatic nerve to the long head of the biceps femoris muscle and the PN (recipient nerve), and measured nerve lengths required for direct coaptation from the donor nerve to the recipient in both the gluteal region (proximal) and perineal cavity (distal). RESULTS: We identified three anatomical variations of the donor nerve as well as three distinct branching patterns of the recipient nerve from the piriformis muscle to the pudendal canal region. Donor nerve lengths (proximal and distal) were satisfactory for direct coaptation in all cases. CONCLUSIONS: Transfer of a motor fascicle of the sciatic nerve to the PN is anatomically feasible without nerve grafts. Donor nerve length was sufficient and donor nerve functionally compatible (motor). Anatomical variations in the PN could also be accommodated.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/inervação , Incontinência Fecal/cirurgia , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Transferência de Nervo/métodos , Nervo Isquiático/cirurgia , Canal Anal/fisiopatologia , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Cadáver , Estudos de Viabilidade , Incontinência Fecal/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia
7.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 28(7): 1280-1281, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32730993

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the safety and feasibility of the laparoscopic approach to perform pudendal neurolysis in a case of pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome [1-3]. DESIGN: A video tutorial that highlights the laparoscopic steps to performing pudendal neurolysis, with a focus on the main anatomic landmarks [4,5]. SETTING: A tertiary care regional hospital. INTERVENTIONS: This video shows a 6-step approach to laparoscopic pudendal neurolysis for the treatment of pudendal nerve entrapment between the sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments [2,6-8]. Step 1: Identification of the umbilical artery. Step 2: Dissection and development of the lateral paravesical space until the pelvic floor. Step 3: Identification of the arcus tendineus of the endopelvic fascia. Step 4: Identification of the ischial spine and the sacrospinous ligament covered by the coccygeus muscle. Step 5: Coagulation and section of the coccygeus muscle and the sacrospinous ligament. Step 6: Medialization of the pudendal nerve until its entrance into the Alcock canal. CONCLUSION: This video demonstrates the safety, feasibility, and reproducibility of laparoscopic pudendal neurolysis in 6 steps. A minimally invasive approach is adequate to treat the pudendal compression until the Alcock canal [2].


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Nervo Pudendo , Neuralgia do Pudendo , Humanos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/cirurgia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Surg Endosc ; 35(11): 6031-6038, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048235

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Pudendal nerve and artery entrapment is an underdiagnosed pathology responsible of several urinary, sexual and anorectal complaints. The aim of our study was to evaluate safety and feasibility of laparoscopic transperitoneal pudendal nerve and artery release in a large retrospective cohort of patients with pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome with both a short and long-term follow-up. Technical details and outcomes are also reported. METHODS: A series of 235 patients with pudendal syndrome underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal pudendal canal release between June 2015 and February 2020. Operative data were recorded prospectively for all patients. A complete history, pain visual analog scale (VAS) for perineodynia, and three scores evaluating the main symptoms (USP, IIEF-5, PAC-SYM) were obtained before and at least 24 months after surgery for 32 patients only. Post-operative complications were also evaluated using Clavien-Dindo classification at regular interval. RESULTS: The mean operating time per side was 33.9 ± 6.8 min and the average hospital stay was 1.9 ± 0.3 days. Blood loss was 20 cc ± 10 cc with no patients needing transfusion. The only significant per-operative complication was hemorrhage (600 ml) in one patient induced by a pudendal artery laceration, successfully treated by laparoscopic suturing. Post-operative complications were noted in 18.7% of patients with no serious Clavien-Dindo complications. Perineodynia VAS dropped from 6.8 ± 0.9 to 2.2 ± 1.8 after surgery (p < 0.001). Mean IIEF-5 scores significantly improved one month after the surgery (15.2 vs 19.3, p = 0.036). Mean USP scores significantly improved for the dysuria domain (4.2 vs 1.6, p = 0.021) but not for stress urinary incontinence (3.9 vs 4.1, p = 0.082) or overactive bladder symptoms (14.1 vs 13.8, p = 0.079). Mean PAC-SYM scores significantly improved after the procedure (1.8 vs 1.1, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: A complete laparoscopic pudendal nerve and artery release, from the sciatic spine through the Alcock's canal, is a fast and safe surgery with promising functional results. A large prospective trial is needed to validate such an approach.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Nervo Pudendo , Artérias , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Low Urin Tract Symptoms ; 13(2): 286-290, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of laparoscopic transperitoneal pudendal decompression in the improvement of refractory lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in young males presenting with clinical features of pudendal nerve entrapment with no known comorbidities that could explain their LUTS. METHODS: This is a prospective pilot study involving patients suffering from LUTS refractory to standard treatment and clinical features of pudendal nerve entrapment on physical examination. They underwent laparoscopic transperitoneal pudendal decompression. International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and maximal flow (Qmax) on uroflowmetry were evaluated before and 3 months after the procedure. RESULTS: Five male patients aged 34 ± 4 years were recruited. The median IPSS differed significantly before and 3 months after the procedure (18 vs 8, P = .042); likewise, median Qmax differed significantly before and 3 months after the procedure (12 vs 18 mL/s, P = .042). CONCLUSION: Pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome should be considered as a main differential diagnosis for refractory LUTS in young males with no other comorbidities. When clinical features of pudendal nerve entrapment are present, laparoscopic transperitoneal pudendal decompression relieves LUTS in these young males.


Assuntos
Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior , Nervo Pudendo , Neuralgia do Pudendo , Humanos , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/etiologia , Sintomas do Trato Urinário Inferior/cirurgia , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia
10.
Int J Impot Res ; 33(1): 1-5, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32366984

RESUMO

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is increasingly becoming more common in young healthy males and is attributed mainly to psychogenic causes in these patients. Recent studies have reported that ED could be secondary to pudendal nerve or artery entrapment. This perspective assessed the efficacy of laparoscopic pudendal nerve and artery decompression in young patients suffering from refractory ED, associated to a pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome. After excluding patients with psychological ED and venous leakage, five young male patients with a history of both ED and pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome diagnosed based on the Nantes criteria were recruited. Pudendal nerve and artery release was performed using a laparoscopic transperitoneal approach. International Index for Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and erectile hardness score (EHS) improved significantly in all patients, 3 months after surgery. Pudendal nerve and artery entrapment could be therefore a reversible cause of ED in young healthy males, and its treatment by laparoscopic pudendal nerve and artery decompression seems to be safe and effective.


Assuntos
Disfunção Erétil , Laparoscopia , Nervo Pudendo , Neuralgia do Pudendo , Artérias , Humanos , Masculino , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/cirurgia
11.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 28(5): 938, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33217560

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To show how pudendal neurolysis can be managed safely with a laparoscopic approach. DESIGN: Stepwise demonstration of the technique with narrated video footage. SETTING: The pudendal nerve is formed from spinal roots at levels S2, S3, and S4. It passes through the pelvis parallel to the pudendal vein and artery. This nerve exits the pelvis between the sacrospinous and sacrotuberous ligaments then passes through Alcock's canal. It can be compressed and responsible for pain in the gluteal and perineal regions. After confirmation of the diagnosis by positive analgesic block with computed tomography infiltration of the pudendal nerve, surgical decompression may be considered. The usual access procedures are the transglutal and transischiorectal ways. INTERVENTIONS: This video shows a total laparoscopic approach for a right pudendal neurolysis. It is a step-by-step didactic video. This technique of decompression of the right pudendal nerve by laparoscopy by means of dissection of the ischiorectal fossa along the right internal obturator muscle, after visualization of the obturator vessels and identification of the pudendal nerve, allowed the section of the right sacrospinous ligament and complete removal with repositioning of the nerve in its path. The nerve was followed until it passed freely through Alcock's canal. The procedure went well and without complications, with clinical improvement on waking up. CONCLUSION: Pudendal nerve neurolysis by laparoscopic technique is a reproducible and safe method for treating pudendal neuralgia, allowing good visualization and dissection of the entire pelvis toward the ischiorectal fossa.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Nervo Pudendo , Neuralgia do Pudendo , Descompressão Cirúrgica , Humanos , Pelve/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/cirurgia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21866, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846840

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Premature ejaculation (PE) affects 8% to 30% of adult men worldwide. Recently, the incidence of PE is on the rise. A series of prior studies suggested that the incidence of PE is related to various biological factors as low testosterone, low serum vitamin D, diabetes, lower urinary tract symptoms, and other psychological factors. At present, the major treatments include selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors antidepressants (dapoxetine, paroxetine), topical anesthetics, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor, circumcision, and selective dorsal neurotomy (SDN). The previous study found that SDN is effective for PE. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The electronic databases of MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Clinicaltrials. org, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database (CNKI), Wan fang Database, China Biology Medicine Database (CBM), VIP Science Technology Periodical Database, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry will be retrieved. All the randomized controlled trials of selective dorsal penile neurotomy for patients with PE will be included. The outcome includes intravaginal ejaculation latency time and Chinese Index of Sexual Function for Premature Ejaculation-5. We will conduct this study strictly according to the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. RESULTS: The present study is a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis without results, and data analysis will be carried out after the protocol. We will share our findings on June 30th of 2021. CONCLUSION: SDN can effectively prolong IELT, but its efficacy has not been assessed scientifically and systematically. To address this limitation, this study will inspect the efficacy and safety of the SDN treatment in patients with PE. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required in this protocol. We will collect and analyze data based on published studies, and since there are no patients involved in this study, individual privacy will not be under concerns. The results of this review will be disseminated to peer-reviewed journals or submit to related conferences. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202070084.


Assuntos
Pênis/inervação , Ejaculação Precoce/terapia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Adulto , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Benzilaminas/uso terapêutico , Circuncisão Masculina/métodos , Ejaculação/fisiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Naftalenos/uso terapêutico , Paroxetina/uso terapêutico , Pênis/fisiopatologia , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/uso terapêutico , Ejaculação Precoce/epidemiologia , Ejaculação Precoce/fisiopatologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Inibidores de Captação de Serotonina/uso terapêutico
15.
J Pediatr Urol ; 16(5): 594.e1-594.e7, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819811

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Caudal epidural analgesia (CEA) is a common analgesic technique performed for pediatric penile surgeries; however, it has associated morbidity. The pudendal nerve block (PNB) has been described as an effective analgesic alternative to CEA. OBJECTIVE: In this quality improvement study, we aim to assess the efficacy of PNB as compared to CEA within our ambulatory surgery center (ASC). We demonstrate our initial experience employing PNB for ambulatory pediatric urology procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Using retrospective, non-randomized, time-series, observational data, a comparative effectiveness study of CEA and PNB was performed. Patients less than three years old, who underwent circumcision, hypospadias repair, congenital chordee repair, correction of penile angulation/torsion, and buried penis repair with or without scrotoplasty, between January 1, 2015-September 9, 2019 with either CEA or PNB in an ASC at a single institution were included. Standard protocols for local and postoperative analgesia were used. Outcome measures were post anesthesia care unit (PACU) pain scores, morphine rescue rates, and PACU length of stay (LOS). These were analyzed using statistical process control (SPC) charts; standard SPC rules were used to detect special cause variation. RESULTS: A total of 999 patients were identified; 746 (74.7%), 172 (17.2%) and 81 (8.1%) received CEA, ultrasound guided PNB (US-PNB) and landmark directed PNB (LD-PNB), respectively. Demographic data was comparable between the three cohorts. There was no special cause variation in the outcome measures between the CEA, US-PNB and LD-PNB cohorts for maximum pain score, morphine rescue rates and PACU LOS. DISCUSSION: Pain outcomes and PACU LOS were similar between the CEA, US-PNB and LD-PNB cohorts, suggesting equivalent postoperative pain control between these techniques within our cohort. Previous published data has reported lower postoperative pain scores with PNB as compared to CEA for patients undergoing circumcision and hypospadias repair. CONCLUSION: PNB is non-inferior to CEA for analgesia for pediatric penile surgery, with LD-PNB being as effective as US-PNB. Given the simplicity and documented lower risk profile, PNB may be preferred to CEA for ambulatory pediatric urology procedures.


Assuntos
Nervo Pudendo , Urologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(7): 2003-2007, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678485

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic neuropathic perineal pain syndrome is a collective term that encompasses several diagnoses. In patients where the neuropathic pain syndrome is caused by pudendal or cluneal nerve entrapment, surgical release can be proposed if other measures have failed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients suffering from pudendal and/or cluneal nerve entrapment at 1 year after this minimal invasive surgery, which is based on the open trans gluteal approach who has proven its efficacy compared to medical treatment in a randomized control trial. METHODS: Patients eligible for inclusion had chronic perineal neuropathic pain for at least 3 months in the area served by the pudendal and/or cluneal nerve, refractory to conservative measurements. Patients met all five of the Nantes criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen patients underwent the ENTRAMI technique. At 1 year after surgery, overall reduction of the average maximal Numeric Pain rating Scale (NPRS-score) was from 9 (range, 7-10) at baseline to 5 (range, 0-10; P-value <.05). At 1 year 73% of patients declared to have a "good treatment response" (patient global impression of change [PGIC] >30%) and optimal treatment response (PGIC ≥90%) was found in 40% (P-value <.05). No complications were recorded. CONCLUSION: This study clearly shows that the technique is feasible with promising long-term results in a difficult to manage patient group.


Assuntos
Nádegas/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Microsurgery ; 40(2): 160-166, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Persistent genital arousal disorder (PGAD) is a woman's perception that she is in a state of sexual arousal, without the ability of arousal to be satisfied by orgasm. It is the hypothesis of this study that PGAD results from a minimal degree of nerve compression of the dorsal branch of the pudendal nerve. If this is true, PGAD could be treated by neurolysis of the dorsal branch of the pudendal nerve. METHODS: A retrospective chart review from 2010 through 2018, of those women having neurolysis of the dorsal branch of the pudendal nerve for PGAD. The main outcome measures were the pre-operative and post-operative changes in clitoral symptoms (arousal, numbness, pain). RESULTS: Eight women included in this study were followed more than 26 weeks since surgery (mean = 65, range = 26-144 weeks). Seven of these women had the surgery bilaterally, and each of these had an excellent result, meaning elimination of the arousal symptoms, and the ability to resume normal sexual intercourse. The patient with unilateral decompression of the dorsal branch of the pudendal nerve was the only patient who had some, versus complete improvement in arousal symptoms. Of the seven women that had pain, six had complete relief and one had partial relief. No major surgical complications were observed. CONCLUSION: The relief of arousal symptoms by neurolysis of the dorsal nerve to the clitoris supports the hypothesis that PGAD is due to a minimal degree of compression of the dorsal branch of the pudendal nerve.


Assuntos
Nervo Pudendo , Nível de Alerta , Feminino , Genitália , Humanos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(2): 361-364, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828369

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pudendal and cluneal nerve entrapment can cause a neuropathic pain syndrome in the sensitive areas innervated by these nerves. Recently, a new endoscopic minimal invasive approach for pudendal and inferior cluneal nerve neurolysis has been published in a cadaver study. The aim of our study was to describe the feasibility of this new approach and to evaluate the clinical outcome. METHODS: Fifteen patients underwent the ENTRAMI technique. The Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) and Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) were recorded at baseline and at 3 and 6 months after surgery. RESULT: The average duration of intervention (skin to skin) was 139 min (range 50-270 min) for bilateral pudendal neurolysis and/or cluneal neurolysis and 113 min (range 100-130 min) for unilateral pudendal and/or cluneal neurolysis. No perioperative blood loss occurred. At 3 months, 50% of patients declared a more than 30% improvement of their PGIC, increasing to 57% at 6 months; 31% reported more than 90% improvement of PGIC at 6 months. Overall reduction of the average maximal NPRS score was from 9 (range 7-10) to 6 at 3 months (range 0-10; p value < 0.05) and to 5 at 6 months (range 0-10; p value < 0.05). There were no postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: The ENTRAMI technique is feasibly in patients suffering from pudendal and/or cluneal neuralgia and preliminary results are promising. CLINICAL TRIAL NUMBER: NCT03883178.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Neuralgia/cirurgia , Períneo/inervação , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia/diagnóstico , Neuralgia/fisiopatologia , Nervo Pudendo/fisiopatologia , Neuralgia do Pudendo/diagnóstico , Neuralgia do Pudendo/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Arch Esp Urol ; 72(8): 857-866, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31579045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (INM) allows obtaining real-time information on the functional integrity of nervous system structures. The objective of this article is to present the role of clinical neurophysiology in Urology in the identification and preservation, on the one hand, of the prostate neurovascular bundles in radical prostatectomy (RP), and of the pudendal nerve in the release of this in Pudendal Nerve Entrapment Syndrome (PNS). METHODS: A bipolar laparoscopic probe was used for intraoperative stimulation for both the identification in PNS and neurovascular bundles in RP, obtaining response at the external anal sphincter in the first one; and intracavernous pressure in the second through needle electrodes. RESULTS: Preservation of the periprostatic neurovascular bundles allows to increase rates of sexual potency and urinary continence after surgery. However, it has been shown that the innervation of the corpora cavernosa and the urinary sphincter has a variable disposition. Intraoperative neurostimulation allows the most precise identification and dissection of the vascular and nervous structures that surround the prostate. In the diagnosis of PNS, the neurophysiological study allows to rule out pathology at other levels, such as, primary muscular pathology of the anal sphincter. There are no pathognomonic neurophysiological findings of PNS. In addition, it allows the identification of the nerve during the laparoscopic release of the nerve at the entrance of the Alcock channel, as well as the evaluation of its functional integrity after the end of the dissection. CONCLUSIONS: The INM is a fundamental tool to allow an improved identification of nerve structures during RP and PNS in order to preserve them. It also helps with the diagnosis of PNS.


OBJETIVO: La monitorización neurofisiológica intraoperatoria (MNI) permite obtener información en tiempo real sobre la integridad funcional de las estructuras del sistema nervioso. El objetivo de este trabajo exponer el papel de neurofisiología clínica en Urología en la identificación y preservación, por un lado, de los haces neurovasculares prostáticos en la prostatectomía radical (PR), y del nervio pudendo en la liberación de este en el Síndrome de Atrapamiento del Nervio Pudendo (SANP).MÉTODOS: Se empleó una sonda bipolar laparoscópica para la estimulación intraoperatoria tanto para la identificación en SANP como de haces neurovasculares en PR obteniéndose respuesta a nivel del esfínter anal en la primera y presión intracavernosa en la segunda por medio de electrodos de aguja. RESULTADOS: La presentación de los haces neurovasculares periprostáticos permite aumentar las tasas de potencia sexual y continencia urinaria. Si bien, posteriormente, se evidenció que la inervación de los cuerpos cavernosos y el esfínter urinario tiene disposición variable. La neuroestimulación intraoperatoria permite la identificación y disección más precisa de las estructuras vasculonerviosas que circundan la próstata. En el diagnóstico del SANP, el estudio neurofisiológico permite descartar patología a otros niveles, como por ejemplo patología primaria muscular del esfínter anal; así como, valorar las ramas del nervio pudendo. No existen hallazgos neurofisiológicos patognomónicos del SANP. Además, permite la identificación del nervio durante la liberación laparoscópica del nervio a la entrada del canal de Alcock, así como la evaluación de su integridad funcional tras finalizar la disección. CONCLUSIONES: La MNI es una herramienta fundamental para permitir una mejora en la identificación de estructuras nerviosas durante PR y SANP para poder preservarlas. Así mismo, ayuda con el diagnóstico de SANP.


Assuntos
Monitorização Neurofisiológica Intraoperatória , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata , Nervo Pudendo , Incontinência Urinária , Humanos , Masculino , Próstata , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia
20.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 13993, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570751

RESUMO

Patients suffer bilateral sacral plexus injuries experience severe problems with incontinence. We performed a cadaveric study to explore the anatomical feasibility of transferring ipsilateral S2 nerve root combined with a sural nerve graft to pudendal nerve for restoration of external anal and urethral sphincter function. The sacral nerve roots and pudendal nerve roots on the right side were exposed in 10 cadavers. The length from S2 nerve root origin to pudendal nerve at inferior border of piriformis was measured. The sural nerve was used as nerve graft. The diameters and nerve cross-sectional areas of S2 nerve root, pudendal nerve and sural nerve were measured and calculated, so as the number of myelinated axons of three nerves on each cadaver specimen. The length from S2 nerve root to pudendal nerve was 10.69 ± 1.67 cm. The cross-sectional areas of the three nerves were 8.57 ± 3.03 mm2 for S2, 7.02 ± 2.04 mm2 for pudendal nerve and 6.33 ± 1.61 mm2 for sural nerve. The pudendal nerve contained approximately the same number of axons (5708 ± 1143) as the sural nerve (5607 ± 1305), which was a bit less than that of the S2 nerve root (6005 ± 1479). The S2 nerve root in combination with a sural nerve graft is surgically feasible to transfer to the pudendal nerve for return of external urethral and anal sphincter function, and may be suitable for clinical application in patients suffering from incontinence following sacral plexus injuries.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/inervação , Nervo Pudendo/cirurgia , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/cirurgia , Nervo Sural/transplante , Uretra/inervação , Adulto , Canal Anal/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Incontinência Fecal/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Nervo Pudendo/anatomia & histologia , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/anatomia & histologia , Nervo Sural/anatomia & histologia , Uretra/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia
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