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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18814, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000383

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Schwannomas involving the thyroid gland are very rare and only a few cases have been reported in the literature. However, previous reports did not distinguish between thyroid bed schwannomas and intrathyroidal schwannomas. Here, we report a thyroid bed schwannoma mimicking a malignant thyroid nodule and review the literature on thyroid bed schwannomas. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 33-year-old woman presented at our hospital with mild neck swelling. DIAGNOSIS: Thyroid ultrasound revealed a well-defined, oval-shaped, markedly hypoechoic solid nodule with echogenic foci suggesting macro- and microcalcifications in the left thyroid gland. The lesion was considered a "highly suspicious" intrathyroidal nodule, based on the guidelines for the assessment of thyroid nodules. Fine needle aspiration was performed twice, but the cytological results were nondiagnostic. INTERVENTIONS: Left thyroidectomy was performed, and schwannoma of the thyroid bed was confirmed on histopathologic analysis. OUTCOMES: The patient was in a stable condition after surgery, and the thyroid function test results were within the normal range. LESSONS: Diagnosis of a schwannoma of the thyroid bed is challenging because its incidence is extremely low, and it is often misdiagnosed as an intrathyroidal nodule on ultrasonography. Therefore, it is advisable to adopt a diagnostic strategy to perform additional core needle biopsy in cases of thyroid nodules with nondiagnostic fine needle aspiration results and to consider the location of the lesion more carefully to determine the suitable therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia , Pescoço/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos
2.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 53-59, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary retroperitoneal neoplasms (PRN) arise from diverse retroperitoneal tissues. Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise the majority and are well studied. Other non-sarcomatous PRN are very rare and less familiar. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinicopathologic and radiologic features of non-sarcomatous PRN, as well as the outcome of complete tumor resection (TR). METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on consecutive patients (June 2006 to January 2015) who underwent resection of retroperitoneal lesions at our department. Final pathology of non-sarcomatous PRN was included. RESULTS: The study population included 36 patients (26% with PRN). PRN were neurogenic (17%), fat-containing (3%), and cystic (6%). The preoperative diagnosis was correct in only 28%. All patients underwent TR via laparotomy (72%) or laparoscopy (28%), for mean operative time of 120 ± 46 minutes. En bloc organ resection was performed in 11%. Complete TR was achieved in 97%. Intra-operative spillage occurred in 8%. Intra-operative, 90-day postoperative complications, and mortality rates were 11%, 36%, and 0%, respectively. The mean length of stay was 6.5 ± 5.5 days. The median overall survival was 53 ± 4.9 months. CONCLUSIONS: Familiarity with radiologic characteristics of PRN is important for appropriate management. Counter to STS, other PRN are mostly benign and have an indolent course. Radical surgery is not required, as complete TR confers good prognosis. Expectant management is reserved for small, asymptomatic, benign neoplasms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Ganglioneuroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Lipoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipoma/patologia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraganglioma/patologia , Paraganglioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18180, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860964

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Primary schwannoma is extremely rare in the trachea, and its optimal treatment has not yet been established. Previous literature have indicated that traditional resection by thoracotomy is an effective surgical procedure but with huge trauma, and endoscopic excision is a minimally invasive surgical method but with possibility of recurrence. Window resection was usually utilized for selected patients with trachea invasion by thyroid carcinoma, but video-assisted thoracoscopic window resection for trachea schwannoma has not been reported previously. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old woman was admitted to hospital due to dyspnea, coughing and wheezing that had persisted for 2 months with aggravation for 1 week. DIAGNOSES: Chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a well-circumscribed soft-tissue mass located on the right lateral posterior wall of the trachea. Bronchofibroscopy (BFS) showed a whitish, smooth and round mass with a wide base in the trachea. Immunohistochemical staining demonstrated cells labeled with Vim (+), S-100 (+), SOX-10 (+), SMA (-), CK (-). Histopathological examinations showed that the mass was a schwannoma. INTERVENTIONS: The tumor was nearly completely excised via BFS, but relapsed 2 times at 12 days and 3 weeks after endoscopic resection. Finally, the patient underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic window resection of trachea. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered rapidly and no recurrence was observed over 6 months of follow-up. LESSONS: The treatment of tracheal schwannoma depends on the characteristics of tumor and the condition of patient. Surgical resection is a preferred alternative for sessile or transmural tumors and recurrence after endoscopic excision. Tracheal window resection by video-assisted thoracoscopy is beneficial for some appropriate patients with a small and sessile tumor.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Neoplasias da Traqueia/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traqueia/patologia , Traqueia/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Traqueia/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Traqueia/patologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 199, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692754

RESUMO

Spinal schwannomas are benign tumors accounting for 30% of all spinal tumors. They originate from the shwann cells of the spinal roots. We report our experience in managing patients with spinal shwannomas, from diagnosis to treatment modalities, in the Department of Neurosurgery at the University Hospital Hassan II in Fez over a period of 13 years. The patients with spinal shwannomas accounted for 19.5% of those with spinal cord compression treated surgically over the same period. The average age of patients was 45 years, with a discreet female predominance. Spinal schwannomas had an insidious onset, then the median of consultation time was 18 months. The main symptoms were spinal and radicular pain. Half of our patients had neurological deficits. Medullary MRI was performed in all of our patients. Spinal schwannomas occurred predominantly in the chest (40%); 62% of shwannomas were intradural lesions, rarely extradural lesions (8%) and mixed lesions(4%). Complete Surgical resection was performed in 96% of cases with osteosynthesis in two cases and arthrodesis in a single case. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of benign neurinoma in 23 cases, malignant shwannoma in one case and neurofibroma in one case. Outcome was favorable in the majority of cases, two patients had complications, an infection of the wall and neurological worsening. The interest in the subject of our study is to highlight the features of these lesions and to compare the results of our case series with the data in the literature.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Compressão da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 182, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors presented a 63-year old female synchronously complicated with a thymic tumor located at the left-side of the superior mediastinum, and a paravertebral tumor located at the right-side of the lower thorax. Conventional thoracoscopic surgical procedure using rigid instruments to simultaneously resect the two tumors via the same ports might be technically challenging. To our knowledge, the use of a surgical robot allowed the surgeon to perform precise dissection from extreme angles with the characteristic of articulating surgical instruments. CASE PRESENTATION: Two lesions were successfully dissected using the da Vinci Surgical System through the same four ports on the right side of the chest and two-step docking. Firstly, the patient cart came from the dorsal side of the patient and the paravertebral neoplasm was dissected. Afterwards, the patient cart was undocked and the operation table was rotated 180 degrees counterclockwise. The robot was re-introduced and the patient cart came from the ventral side of the patient and the whole thymus was resected. CONCLUSION: This case report suggests that two-step docking via the same four ports for these two tumors located at different directions of the thorax was safe and effective, demonstrating a clear advantage of the surgical robot.


Assuntos
Cisto Broncogênico/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/cirurgia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia , Cisto Broncogênico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Broncogênico/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias do Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Mediastino/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas , Toracoscopia/métodos , Timectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Timo/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias do Timo/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 164, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565126

RESUMO

Schwannoma is a neurogenic tumor originating from Schwann cells. When considering the thoracic region, it is most commonly found in the mediastinum. It commonly appears as a solitary lesion and pleural involvement is extremely rare. We here report the case of a 44-year old woman with benign primitive schwannoma of the pleura whose lesion was detected after radiological assessment for chest pain and dyspnea. The patient underwent complete surgical resection using video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) technique. The anatomopathological study showed benign primitive schwannoma of the pleura.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Adulto , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pleurais/patologia , Neoplasias Pleurais/cirurgia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17341, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626091

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Schwannomas grow slowly, originating from the Schwann cells of the nerve sheath. Schwannomas of cranial origin have the highest incidence, followed by intraspinal schwannomas. However, paravertebral schwannoma is rare, and to our knowledge, giant paravertebral schwannomas near the lumbar nerve roots with bone destruction are extremely rare. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old Chinese woman complained of lower back soreness and a sensation of a bulging lumbar disc with no obvious cause for the past 3 years. DIAGNOSIS: Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging showed a large mass with uneven density, 17 × 12 × 15 cm in size, located to the right of the 4th lumbar with obvious bony destruction. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed that this mass was a benign schwannoma. INTERVENTIONS: Complete resection of the tumor (measuring about 17 × 12 × 15 cm in size) and vertebral reconstruction using internal fixation were performed. OUTCOMES: The patient was discharged without complications after surgery. The 3-year follow-up revealed that the patient recovered well with no evidence of recurrence. LESSONS: Here, we emphasize the importance of careful radiological examination and reflect on the difficulty of tumor resection. Furthermore, understanding the treatment and diagnosis of lumbar paravertebral schwannoma is critical for plastic surgeons and radiologists when encountering similar cases.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares/virologia , Região Lombossacral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/diagnóstico por imagem , Raízes Nervosas Espinhais/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 72(7-8): 282-284, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517462

RESUMO

Introduction - Although the involvement of the hypoglossal nerve together with other cranial nerves is common in several pathological conditions of the brain, particularly the brainstem, isolated hypoglossal nerve palsy is a rare condition and a diagnostic challenge. Case presentation - The presented patient arrived to the hospital with a history of slurred speech and an uncomfortable sensation on his tongue. Neurological examination showed left-sided hemiatrophy of the tongue with fasciculations and deviation towards the left side during protrusion. Based on the clinical and MRI findings, a diagnosis of hypoglossal nerve schwannoma was made. Discussion - Hypoglossal nerve palsy may arise from multiple causes such as trauma, infections, neoplasms, and endocrine, autoimmune and vascular pathologies. In our case, the isolated involvement of the hypoglossal nerve was at the skull base segment, where the damage to the hypoglossal nerve may occur mostly due to metastasis, nasopharyngeal carcinomas, nerve sheath tumors and glomus tumors. Conclusion - Because of the complexity of the region's anatomy, the patient diagnosed with hypoglossal nerve schwannoma was referred for gamma knife radiosurgery.


Assuntos
Doenças do Nervo Hipoglosso/patologia , Nervo Hipoglosso/patologia , Veias Jugulares/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neoplasias dos Nervos Cranianos/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Nervo Hipoglosso/cirurgia , Doenças do Nervo Hipoglosso/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Radiocirurgia
10.
Orv Hetil ; 160(37): 1476-1479, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495185

RESUMO

A characteristics of mediastinal disorders is that the high anatomical density of vital structures in this region represents a challenge for diagnosis and surgical treatment. Space-occupying lesions can grow without causing overt manifestations - or can progress symptom-free - hence they can reach an extreme size by the time of surgery. A 58-year-old male patient was hospitalized for pleural effusion and an extensive, space-occupying mediastinal lesion, which had been causing respiratory symptoms for 15 years. Cytology of the pleural effusion did not confirm malignancy. The CT scan depicted progression manifested as an increase in the size of the lesion with a likely site of origin in the left adrenal gland. According to the MRI, by contrast, the lesion might have originated in the region of vertebrae Th9-10, as suggested by the lack of dural continuity. However, its adrenal origin could not be excluded either; endocrine activity was not detected. An operation was performed with a neurosurgeon included in the surgical team. A spinal tumor of the size of 20.2 by 11.1 by 10.8 cm was removed through thoraco-laparotomy, and reconstruction of the diaphragm was performed. Histology confirmed a schwannoma. Postoperatively, the expansion of the lung was only partial, because the patient discontinued respiratory rehabilitation. The follow-up CT scan depicted local recurrence. In the lack of alternative therapeutic modalities, surgical resection is usually the sole option for the management of large, mediastinal space-occupying lesions diagnosed at an advanced stage. Such operations should only be performed in specialist surgical centers and with multidisciplinary collaboration. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(37): 1476-1479.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Mediastino/cirurgia , Mediastino , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Humanos , Laparotomia , Masculino , Neoplasias do Mediastino/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16797, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490366

RESUMO

Malignant triton tumor (MTT) is an extraordinarily uncommon and aggressive tumor which have poor prognosis. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors with additional rhabdomyoblasts are found in MTT histologically. The prognosis of patients is poor. The goal of our study is to describe the largest number of cases characteristic and outcome, to our knowledge, such a presentation was not described in the English-language literature until now.From 1999 to 2014, 10 patients (5 women and 5 men) with a malignant triton tumor were treated at our institution. All these cases were followed-up and patient charts were analyzed for outcome.In our study, 3 cases of the Malignant triton tumors originate in the head, 2 cases in the joints, 2 cases in the retroperitoneum, 2 cases in the soft tissues of the thoracic wall, and 1 case in the prostate. Neoplasm associated with pain was the main manifestation. Patients have a poor prognosis. Completely surgical excision of the tumor is the only treatment. Additional radiation or chemotherapy show little effect.Malignant triton tumor is a rare sarcoma. The high probability of developing local recurrence and distant metastases could account for its poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/terapia , Neurilemoma/terapia , Prognóstico
12.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 360-370, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040029

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are benign tumors originating from differentiated Schwann cells. Being the least common intraoral neoplasm of neural origin, it is rarely seen in the palate. The literature lacks an extensive review of intraoral schwannoma confined to the palate. Objective To review previously reported cases of palatal schwannoma along with an illustrative case, and to provide a better insight regarding clinicopathological and radiological features of this neural tumor in a rare intraoral site. Data Synthesis We present a case of palatal schwannoma in a 16-year-old female. An additional 45 cases were identified in 2 medical database searches (PubMed and Google Scholar) published fromthe year 1985 onwards, and from13 countries, in the 5 continents. The ages of the patients ranged from3 to 84 years old. Palatal schwannoma showed a slight predilection to females, with a male/female ratio of ~ 1:1.81. Hard palate involvement is almost twice greater than soft palate involvement. Surgical excision was employed inalmost all of the cases, and recurrence was reported only once. Conclusion Palatal schwannomas, although rare, have been reported both over the hard and the soft palate. They mostly present as a painless, firm, well-encapsulated, slow-growing solitary lesion over the lateral palatal aspect. Imaging can add to suspicion and can delineate a differential diagnosis, but the diagnosis is confirmed by pathological examination. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is almost always inconclusive. Immunohistochemistry can assist in confirming a diagnosis, but is more important to rule out close differentials. Complete surgical excision is the treatment of choice, and recurrence or malignant transformation are extremely rare.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Palatinas/patologia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/epidemiologia
13.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(3): 354-359, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040017

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction Schwannomas are benign, solitary, encapsulated tumors that may originate at any site of the peripheral nervous system, with the exception of the olfactory and optic nerves. Schwannomas of the base of tongue are very rare, and only sporadic cases are documented. The tongue base represents a challenge for surgeons. Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser might provide an effective surgical option for such lesions because of the easy access to the lesion, the bloodless surgical field and optimum epithelization of wounds. Objective We present an unusual case of pedunculated schwannoma of the tongue base treated via transoral CO2-assisted excision. We also provide a review of the available literature, in English language, on humans. Data synthesis The authors searched the PubMed database and Google up to July 2018. The following search terms were applied: tongue and lingual, combined with schwannoma and neurilemmoma. Titles and abstracts were screened, and, then, only supraglottic (hypopharyngeal) tongue base masses were considered. Fourteen articles were included in this review, reporting 17 cases. The age of the patients ranged from 9 to 39 years, affecting predominantly females. Dysphagia and lump sensations were the most common presenting symptoms, and the mean follow-up period range was 1.5 to 60 months (mean = 13 months). There was no evidence of recurrence in any of the cases. Conclusion We could conclude that tongue base schwannomas are rare. Transoral complete excision of the tumor is the treatment of choice. CO2 laser surgery is a minimally invasive treatment option that has been performed in few reports with no recurrence and with favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neoplasias da Língua/cirurgia , Dióxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/patologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16844, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464911

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Facial nerve schwannoma (FNS) is a rare slow-growing nerve sheath tumor derived from Schwann cells. FNS with normal facial nerve function may sometimes be misdiagnosed as otitis media because of similar ontological symptoms such as purulence, tympanic membrane damage, and hearing loss. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 68-year-old woman was referred to our department because of otorrhea and hearing loss in the right ear for 20 years. Otoscopy revealed abundant purulent secretions deep in the right external auditory canal, and granulation proliferation in the posterior part of membranae tensa. Audiogram showed a right mixed hearing loss with an 85-dB pure-tone average and 35-dB air-bone gap. DIAGNOSIS: This patient was misdiagnosed as chronic suppurative otitis media before surgery. During surgery, a mass was found, and intraoperative frozen section histopathology confirmed an FNS. INTERVENTIONS: This patient was subjected to mastoidectomy for curing chronic suppurative otitis media initially. During surgery, a mass was found attached and widely extended into the tympanic and mastoid segments. We removed most part of the mass, however found the mass deriving from the vertical part of the facial nerve. Intraoperative frozen section histopathology confirmed an FNS. So we removed the incurs and malleus, and searched for the edge of the mass. The mass involved multisegments of facial nerve including the tympanic, vertical and pyramidal segments. The tumor was removed completely, and nerves were repaired using greater auricular nerves. OUTCOMES: After surgery, the patient had facial nerve paralysis of House-Brackmann (HB) Grade VI. Facial function recovered to HB Grade III at 30 months after surgery. The patient was followed up for 5 years. She had a facial function of HB grade III at the most recent follow-up. LESSONS: FNS is rare and tend to be misdiagnosed. It is important to combine the imaging modalities of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate FNS before surgery. The primary goal of managing FNS is to maintain normal facial function as long as possible; therefore, tailored strategy should be taken for managing FNS.


Assuntos
Nervo Facial/cirurgia , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Erros de Diagnóstico , Nervo Facial/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastoidectomia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Otite Média Supurativa/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica
15.
J Clin Neurosci ; 69: 272-276, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439491

RESUMO

Mobile or migratory intradural extramedullary schwannoma have been reported many times in the lumbar levels, however only twice in cervical spine and six times in thoracic spine. Double migration was reported only once. The exact cause of the migration of a schwannoma arising from the nerve sheath of a spinal nerve root is unclear and especially mysterious in cervical and thoracic spine. We report a 49 year old male who presented with multiple sclerosis confirmed on brain MRI and CSF showing oligoclonal bands, with concomitant spinal myelopathy from a thoracic intradural extramedullary lesion. Serial MRIs showed rostral migration of lesion initially from T10 level to T6 and then caudally to T9 level on day of surgery. Intra operatively it was mobile with respirations and disconnected from any neural or vascular attachments. Histopathology confirmed a benign schwannoma with areas of necrosis. This is the rare occurrence of double migration of thoracic intradural schwannoma with possibility of tumor disconnection due to high dose steroid therapy for multiple sclerosis.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Neurilemoma/complicações , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vértebras Torácicas
16.
World Neurosurg ; 131: 53-57, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial schwannomas are rarely confined to the skull. We here report a large schwannoma localized in the petrous apex that presented with intratumoral hemorrhage. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 35-year-old woman with mild hearing disturbance and ear fullness underwent computed tomography scan and magnetic resonance imaging, which demonstrated a tumor accompanied with intratumoral hematoma in the right petrous apex. Bone marrow was totally destroyed, but the bone cortex was relatively preserved. Pathologic specimen showed that the tumor was composed of proliferation of elongated neoplastic cells and positive for S-100 protein. It showed a nuclear palisading pattern, compatible with schwannoma. The lack of any cranial nerve signs and relative preservation of canals through which cranial nerves pass suggested the neurilemma cells surrounded vessels or mismigrated fetal neurilemma cells in the petrous apex as origin of the tumor. Benign nature of the tumor and total disappearance of the symptoms, supposedly due to the spontaneous absorption of the hematoma, made the patient choose a wait-and-watch approach. Magnetic resonance imaging studied 7 years after the diagnosis showed significant decrease of the tumor volume and disappearance of the hematoma. CONCLUSIONS: Although it is a large intraosseous schwannoma in the petrous apex, it has a benign nature, its size is reduced due to the hematoma absorption, and the patient is asymptomatic. We observed the patients for 7 years after the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Petroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Biópsia , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Condutiva/etiologia , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/complicações , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Neurilemoma/irrigação sanguínea , Neurilemoma/complicações , Neurilemoma/patologia , Carga Tumoral
17.
World Neurosurg ; 130: 264-266, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323411

RESUMO

A 41-year-old woman presented with a 16-year history of lumbar pain and right leg paresthesia. Twenty-four years previously, she had been diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a heterogeneous mass extending through widened lumbar neural foramina to the psoas muscles bilaterally, with a dumbbell-like appearance. Biopsy led to the diagnosis of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor, an uncommon soft tissue sarcoma of neural origin that may occur in the context of neurofibromatosis type 1 syndrome. Given the aggressive behavior of these tumors, prompt and accurate diagnosis is critical to improve patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/patologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/terapia , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Região Lombossacral/patologia , Neoplasias da Bainha Neural/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico , Neurofibromatose 1/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/patologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/cirurgia
18.
Cir Cir ; 87(4): 377-384, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264987

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the clinical presentation of the facial nerve schwannomas according to the anatomical site of origin. Method: A retrospective study in which the clinical presentation, diagnostic protocol and treatment of facial nerve tumors in adults was evaluated. Results: We found 6 cases, 4 cases of tympanic-mastoid location at the spectrum of its possible clinical presentation: from symptomatic cases with facial paralysis, to an asymptomatic case in the tympanic portion found as intraoperative finding; and also found two cases located at the parotid gland, one with complete facial paralysis and one without facial palsy. Conclusions: For the diagnosis of intratemporal and parotid schwannomas of the facial nerve, a high clinical suspicion is required given its heterogeneous presentation; its clinical course depends on the segment of origin and expansion: more frequently asymptomatic at the tympanic horizontal portion and symptomatic at the mastoid vertical portion. These tumors must be assessed with imaging studies, incisional biopsy is not recommended. The treatment is surgical resection in symptomatic patients with facial paralysis greater than grade III of House-Brackmann, with immediate reconstruction of the nerve.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Nervos Cranianos/complicações , Doenças do Nervo Facial/complicações , Processo Mastoide/inervação , Neurilemoma/complicações , Neoplasias Parotídeas/complicações , Membrana Timpânica/inervação , Adulto , Neoplasias dos Nervos Cranianos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Nervos Cranianos/cirurgia , Doenças do Nervo Facial/patologia , Doenças do Nervo Facial/cirurgia , Paralisia Facial/etiologia , Paralisia Facial/cirurgia , Feminino , Perda Auditiva Condutiva/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Glândula Parótida/inervação , Neoplasias Parotídeas/patologia , Neoplasias Parotídeas/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Zumbido/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 276(10): 2843-2847, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256243

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Laryngeal neoplasms are almost always epithelial in origin and squamous cell carcinoma is the most common tumor of the larynx. Non-epithelial tumors make a small subset of laryngeal neoplasms. We present the experience of a single institution to define clinical presentations and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The pathology archives and clinical records of our center with the diagnosis of laryngeal tumors between the 2005 and 2018 were reviewed. Age, gender, symptoms, location of the tumor, histopathological diagnosis, treatment modality and disease status were discussed. RESULTS: 657 patients were diagnosed with laryngeal tumor between 2005 and 2018 and 13 patients with non-epithelial tumors were identified. The majority of the patients were male. The age ranged between 13 and 93 years. The most common tumor localizations were vocal cords and subglottis. Seven patients were diagnosed with malignant tumors and six patients had benign tumors. Chondrosarcoma was the most common malignant mesenchymal tumor. Others were leiomyosarcoma, fibrosarcoma and liposarcoma. The most common benign non-epithelial tumors were schwannoma and hemangioma. Plexiform neurofibroma and granular cell tumor were the other benign tumors. Eleven patients underwent excisional biopsy. One patient underwent partial laryngectomy and one had total laryngectomy. Three cases presented with recurrent tumor. Among the recurrent cases, two were malignant tumors. CONCLUSION: Non-epithelial tumors of the larynx are rare and have a wide histological diversity. Immunohistochemical studies are of great importance in the diagnosis of these tumors. Primary mesenchymal tumors of the larynx should be kept in mind in differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Condrossarcoma , Neoplasias Laríngeas , Laringectomia , Lipossarcoma , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neurilemoma , Idoso , Biópsia/métodos , Condrossarcoma/patologia , Condrossarcoma/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringectomia/efeitos adversos , Laringectomia/métodos , Lipossarcoma/patologia , Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia , Prega Vocal/patologia , Prega Vocal/cirurgia
20.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 230, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311599

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Extradural schwannoma arising from high cervical spinal root is a rare entity in children. We report a case of extradural cervical schwannoma in a 14-year-old boy. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient is a 14-year-old Madhesi boy presenting with swelling in the posterior triangle of his neck. The radiological features suggested solitary extradural cervical schwannoma which was confirmed later by histopathological findings. There were no postoperative neurological complications in our patient. CONCLUSION: Extradural spinal schwannoma is a benign tumor. Gross total resection with good clinical outcome can be achieved with minimal risks.


Assuntos
Neurilemoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/patologia , Adolescente , Medula Cervical/diagnóstico por imagem , Medula Cervical/patologia , Medula Cervical/cirurgia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pescoço , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia
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