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1.
J Neurosci Nurs ; 52(5): E11-E12, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890101

RESUMO

The 2020 annual meeting of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses was canceled because of the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a summary of 27 abstracts presented in poster format that were accepted to that meeting.


Assuntos
Congressos como Assunto , Neurociências , Sociedades de Enfermagem , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral
2.
Neuron ; 106(6): 884-889, 2020 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883486

RESUMO

In a candid interview with Neuron, Nikos K. Logothetis shares memories about his rich scientific past and argues about the importance of animal research and the role of science in society. He also talks about his new job and future plans as co-director of the International Center for Primate Brain Research in Shanghai.


Assuntos
Experimentação Animal , Encéfalo , Neurociências , Direitos dos Animais , Animais , Humanos , Primatas , Opinião Pública , Pesquisa
6.
Neuroscientist ; 26(4): 290, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808573
7.
Neuroscientist ; 26(4): 291-292, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808574
8.
Neuron ; 107(3): 401-403, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758445

RESUMO

Characterizing the brain's ability to adapt to changing environments has been at the forefront of neuroscience for decades. In this issue of Neuron, Newbold et al. build on this neuroplasticity work using precision neuroimaging and arm casting to unmask previously unknown pulses of spontaneous activity.


Assuntos
Neuroimagem , Neurociências , Encéfalo , Humanos , Plasticidade Neuronal
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3444, 2020 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651384

RESUMO

Imaging membrane voltage from genetically defined cells offers the unique ability to report spatial and temporal dynamics of electrical signaling at cellular and circuit levels. Here, we present a general approach to engineer electrochromic fluorescence resonance energy transfer (eFRET) genetically encoded voltage indicators (GEVIs) with positive-going fluorescence response to membrane depolarization through rational manipulation of the native proton transport pathway in microbial rhodopsins. We transform the state-of-the-art eFRET GEVI Voltron into Positron, with kinetics and sensitivity equivalent to Voltron but flipped fluorescence signal polarity. We further apply this general approach to GEVIs containing different voltage sensitive rhodopsin domains and various fluorescent dye and fluorescent protein reporters.


Assuntos
Transferência Ressonante de Energia de Fluorescência/métodos , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Animais , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurociências/métodos , Rodopsina/química , Rodopsina/metabolismo
12.
Rev. bioét. derecho ; (49): l191-210, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192102

RESUMO

En el presente trabajo se efectúa una aproximación general a los reparos éticos que la investigación neurocientífica plantea, especialmente respecto de sus usos extralimitados en el proceso penal. Así pues, con el objetivo de regular un uso adecuado, respetuoso con los principios generalmente aceptados en el ámbito biomédico, se desarrolla una propuesta de regulación ética de esta materia que preceda a su uso probatorio en el ámbito forense


The present paper makes a general approach to the ethical concerns that neuroscientific research suggests, especially evaluating its overreaching uses in the criminal process. Therefore, with the objective of regulating an adequate use, a proposal of ethical regulation of this matter is made, which should precede its probative use in the forensic field


En el present treball es fa una aproximació general a les objeccions ètiques que la investigació neurocientífica planteja, especialment respecte al seus usos extralimitats en el procés penal. Així doncs, amb l'objectiu de regular un ús adequat, respectuós amb els principis generalment acceptats en l'àmbit biomèdic, es desenvolupa una proposta de regulació ètica d'aquesta matèria que precedeixi al seu ús probatori en l'àmbit forense


Assuntos
Humanos , Neuroimagem/ética , Defesa por Insanidade , Jurisprudência , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/ética , Neurociências/ética , Neurociências/instrumentação , Pessoalidade , Responsabilidade Social
13.
Neuron ; 107(2): 212-214, 2020 07 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652046

RESUMO

Neuroscience is one of the fastest growing fields and highlights the excitement about research, but it also demonstrates the impact that our large scientific community can make in prioritizing equity and inclusion throughout science. I discuss strategies at multiple systemic levels where opportunities and interventions could be implemented to enhance neuroscience workforce diversity.


Assuntos
Neurociências/tendências , Pesquisadores/tendências , Escolha da Profissão , Mentores , National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (USA) , Seleção de Pessoal , Estados Unidos
14.
Neuron ; 107(3): 412-416, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692973

RESUMO

TReND is a volunteer-scientist run charity dedicated to promoting research and education on the African continent. Focusing on neuroscience, we discuss approaches to address some of the factors that currently stifle Africa's scientific development and our experience in implementing them.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Fortalecimento Institucional , Disseminação de Informação , Neurociências/educação , Política Pública , África , Instituições de Caridade , Docentes , Humanos
16.
Nat Neurosci ; 23(7): 788-799, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601411

RESUMO

Most neuroscientists would agree that for brain research to progress, we have to know which experimental manipulations have no effect as much as we must identify those that do have an effect. The dominant statistical approaches used in neuroscience rely on P values and can establish the latter but not the former. This makes non-significant findings difficult to interpret: do they support the null hypothesis or are they simply not informative? Here we show how Bayesian hypothesis testing can be used in neuroscience studies to establish both whether there is evidence of absence and whether there is absence of evidence. Through simple tutorial-style examples of Bayesian t-tests and ANOVA using the open-source project JASP, this article aims to empower neuroscientists to use this approach to provide compelling and rigorous evidence for the absence of an effect.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Neurociências/métodos , Animais , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa
17.
Neuron ; 107(3): 407-411, 2020 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32710819

RESUMO

Individuals of African ancestry have been starkly underrepresented in the pursuit of personalized medicine for brain illnesses. The African Ancestry Neuroscience Research Initiative will seek to generate much-needed brain gene and protein expression profiles for people of African ancestry.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano , Pesquisa Biomédica , Neurociências , Medicina de Precisão , Encéfalo , Encefalopatias , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes
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