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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 40, 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has extraordinarily impacted global healthcare. Neuro-oncological surgery units have peculiar features that make them highly relevant in the strategic reaction to the pandemic. In this Chinese Society of Neuro-Oncology (CSNO) initiated survey, we appraise the changes implemented in neuro-oncological surgery hospitals across different Asian countries and provide expert recommendations for responses at different stages of the pandemic. METHODS: We performed a 42-question survey of the early experience of neuro-oncological surgery practice in hospitals across different Asian countries on April 1, 2020, with responses closed on April 18, 2020. RESULTS: 144 hospitals completed the questionnaire. Most were in WHO post-peak phase of the pandemic and reported a median reduction in neuro-oncological surgery volume of 25-50%. Most (67.4%) resumed elective surgery in only COVID-19 negative patients;11.1% performed only emergency cases irrespective of COVID-19 status;2.1% suspended all surgical activity. Ninety-one (63.2%) relocated personnel from neurosurgery to other departments. Fifty-two (36.1%) hospitals suspended post-operative adjuvant therapy and 94 (65.2%) instituted different measures to administer post-operative adjuvant therapy. Majority (59.0%) of the hospitals suspended research activity. Most (70%) respondents anticipate that current neurosurgery restrictions will continue to remain for > 1 month. CONCLUSIONS: Majority of the respondents to our survey reported reduced neuro-oncological surgery activity, policy modification, personnel reallocation, and curtailment of educational/research activities in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The persistent widespread interruption of surgical neuro-oncology in even post-peak phases of the pandemic raises serious concerns about the long-term impact of the pandemic on neuro-oncological patients and highlights the essence of timely measures for pandemic preparedness, patient triage, and workforce protection.


Assuntos
Neurocirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Pandemias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos
3.
J Neurosurg Anesthesiol ; 33(1): 73-76, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976309

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by a novel coronavirus, is highly contagious. Global medical systems have been heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Although the majority of patients with intracranial disease require time-sensitive surgery, how to conduct neurosurgery and prevent and control nosocomial infection during a pandemic is challenging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of patients undergoing neurosurgical and neurointerventional procedures at Beijing Tiantan Hospital, China during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic between January 21 and July 31, 2020. A 3-level system of COVID-19 risk was established based on medical conditions, epidemiologic, and symptom inquiry and the results of triage. A transitional unit was established for patients in whom COVID-19 had not been ruled out on admission to hospital. RESULTS: A total of 4025 patients underwent neurosurgery during the study period, including 768 emergent and 3257 nonemergent procedures. Of these patients, 3722 were low-risk for COVID-19, 303 were moderate-risk, and none were high-risk. In addition, 1419 patients underwent neurointerventional procedures, including 114 emergent and 1305 nonemergent interventions, of which 1339 were low-risk patients, 80 were moderate-risk and none were high-risk. A total of 895 patients (neurosurgical and neurointerventional) were admitted to the transitional unit. Forty-five patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 and transferred to the COVID-19 designated hospital. There were no cases of COVID-19 nosocomial infections among surgical patients or health care workers. CONCLUSION: On the basis of our single-center experience, developing a full screening protocol for COVID-19, establishing a risk level, and using a transitional unit for those with unknown COVID-19 status are effective measures to provide a safe environment for patients and health care workers.


Assuntos
Anestesia/tendências , Neurocirurgia/tendências , Pandemias , /epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Admissão do Paciente , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Triagem
4.
J Neurosurg Anesthesiol ; 33(1): 82-86, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33075035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic is an international crisis placing tremendous strain on medical systems around the world. Like other specialties, neuroanesthesiology has been adversely affected and training programs have had to quickly adapt to the constantly changing environment. METHODS: An email-based survey was used to evaluate the effects of the pandemic on clinical workflow, clinical training, education, and trainee well-being. The impact of the International Council on Perioperative Neuroscience Training (ICPNT) accreditation was also assessed. RESULTS: Responses were received from 14 program directors (88% response rate) in 10 countries and from 36 fellows in these programs. Clinical training was adversely affected because of the cancellation of elective neurosurgery and other changes in case workflow, the introduction of modified airway and other protocols, and redeployment of trainees to other sites. To address educational demands, most programs utilized online platforms to organize clinical discussions, journal clubs, and provide safety training modules. Several initiatives were introduced to support trainee well-being during the pandemic. Feelings of isolation and despair among trainees varied from 2 to 8 (on a scale of 1 to 10). Fellows all reported concerns that their clinical training had been adversely affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic because of decreased exposure to elective subspecialty cases and limited opportunities to complete workplace-based assessments and training portfolio requirements. Cancellation of examination preparation courses and delayed examinations were cited as common sources of stress. Programs accredited by the ICPNT reported that international networking and collaboration was beneficial to reduce feelings of isolation during the pandemic. CONCLUSION: Neuroanesthesia fellowship training program directors introduced innovative ways to maintain clinical training, educational activity and trainee well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Acreditação/tendências , Anestesiologia/educação , Anestesiologia/tendências , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Neurologia/educação , Neurologia/tendências , Pandemias , Competência Clínica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Neurocirurgia/estatística & dados numéricos , Neurocirurgia/tendências
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(48): 3903-3910, 2020 Dec 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371639

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the characteristics and citations of articles in National Medical Journal of China (NMJC) during 2016, and to discuss the academic level and quality of the journal. Methods: All the literature published in NMJC during 2016 were retrieved through the Chinese Medical Citation index, and the citation frequency data in China's core journals of science and technology from January 2017 to December 2018 was obtained through Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China. The citation status of articles published in NMJC was statistically analyzed by the method of literature metrology. The main indicators included the citation rate of articles published in each year, the citation frequency of all articles, the citation status of individual papers and authors, the regional and high-yield institution distribution of cited authors, and the main citation journals. Results: In 2016, a total of 962 articles were published in 22 columns of NMJC. The total number of published pages was 3 940, and the average number of articles was 4.09 pages. A total of 28 key topics have been published. The total citation was 2 077 times, with 2.16 times per paper. Among them, 322 papers were not cited, accounting for 33.47%. The maximum citation frequency of a single paper was 66 times. There were good citations in the columns of Guidelines, Epidemiology, New technology and methods, Clinical research and Editorial. Oncology, neurology/psychiatry, imaging/ultrasound/radiology, respiratory medicine and orthopedics accounted for a large part [40.43% (389 articles)]. Articles in neurosurgery, respiratory medicine, preventive medicine and gastrointestinal surgery were all cited with high frequency (all ≥2.75 times/article). A total of 483(50.21%) articles had obtained fund support, and the rate (68.12%) of them cited was slightly higher than that of articles without fund support (64.93%). A total of 23 articles were cited ≥10 times, and 16 first authors were cited ≥10 times. In addation, 26 corresponding authors were cited ≥10 times and 10 institutions were cited more than 15 times. The authors of the cited papers were distributed in 29 provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the central government), and there were more articles and higher total citation frequency in Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu and Tianjin. From 2017 to 2018, papers published in NMJC were cited 2 077 times by a total of 490 journals. Conclusions: The guidelines published in NMJC is highly cited. The editorial department should adjust the column setting timely, strengthen the planning of key topic selection and the solicitation and publicity of excellent papers, and further improve the influence of the magazine.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Neurocirurgia , Pequim , China , Ultrassonografia
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