Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 443
Filtrar
1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(1): 53-59, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927807

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary retroperitoneal neoplasms (PRN) arise from diverse retroperitoneal tissues. Soft tissue sarcomas (STS) comprise the majority and are well studied. Other non-sarcomatous PRN are very rare and less familiar. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinicopathologic and radiologic features of non-sarcomatous PRN, as well as the outcome of complete tumor resection (TR). METHODS: Retrospective data were collected on consecutive patients (June 2006 to January 2015) who underwent resection of retroperitoneal lesions at our department. Final pathology of non-sarcomatous PRN was included. RESULTS: The study population included 36 patients (26% with PRN). PRN were neurogenic (17%), fat-containing (3%), and cystic (6%). The preoperative diagnosis was correct in only 28%. All patients underwent TR via laparotomy (72%) or laparoscopy (28%), for mean operative time of 120 ± 46 minutes. En bloc organ resection was performed in 11%. Complete TR was achieved in 97%. Intra-operative spillage occurred in 8%. Intra-operative, 90-day postoperative complications, and mortality rates were 11%, 36%, and 0%, respectively. The mean length of stay was 6.5 ± 5.5 days. The median overall survival was 53 ± 4.9 months. CONCLUSIONS: Familiarity with radiologic characteristics of PRN is important for appropriate management. Counter to STS, other PRN are mostly benign and have an indolent course. Radical surgery is not required, as complete TR confers good prognosis. Expectant management is reserved for small, asymptomatic, benign neoplasms.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Idoso , Feminino , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico , Ganglioneuroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Ganglioneuroma/patologia , Ganglioneuroma/cirurgia , Humanos , Lipoma/diagnóstico , Lipoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipoma/patologia , Lipoma/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/patologia , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico , Paraganglioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Paraganglioma/patologia , Paraganglioma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e97-e104, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505279

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraspinal tumors are 10 to 15 times less common than brain tumors. The midline approach with extensive laminectomies represents the current gold-standard for resection, causing instability, muscle damage, and kyphosis among other well-known complications. Minimally invasive series reported their results using retractor-based systems. We analyzed a patient series treated with a non-expansile tubular approach, describing the technique, grade of resection, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A series of consecutive cases operated between 2016 and October 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The database included age, sex, clinical presentation, intraspinal location (intra/extradural), number of laminotomies, grade of resection, surgical time, bleeding, and follow-up. The initial and follow-up clinical condition was analyzed using the Frankel scale. RESULTS: A total of 13 patients underwent surgery: 3 intraspinal/extradural (23%), 8 intradural/extramedullary (61.5%), and 2 intramedullary tumors (15.3%); these were classified as 5 meningiomas (38.4%), 4 neurofibromas (30.7%), 2 schwannomas (15.3%), 1 hemangioblastoma (7.6%), and 1 astrocytoma (7.6%). Eleven (84.61%) patients had complete motor improvement, 1 patient had partial improvement, and 1 patient had no improvement (7.6% each). An 18-mm working channel tube was used for extramedullary lesions and 20-mm tubes for intramedullary injuries. Total tumor resection was achieved in 11 patients (84.6%) and subtotal in 2 patients (15.38%) corresponding to intramedullary tumors. CONCLUSIONS: Although this study consisted of a small series, we have shown the possibility of resecting intraspinal tumors (some intradural-intramedullary) with non-expansile tubes in a safe and effective way with no complications. Most of the patients had complete neurological improvement at the end of follow-up.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Fixadores Internos , Microcirurgia/métodos , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Descompressão Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/cirurgia , Microcirurgia/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
3.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 242, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692794

RESUMO

The sciatic nerve is the terminal branch of the sacral plexus. Sciatalgia is a nerve root pain. In most cases, sciatica originates from degenerative disc disease. Tumor involving the sciatic nerve is extremely rare. We here report the case of a 33-year old patient with nerve tumor detected on MRI performed for drug-resistant sciatica. Tumor involving the sciatic nerve is rare and diagnosis is difficult. MRI data are crucial for establishing an effective surgical approach.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Isquiático/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Nervo Isquiático/patologia , Ciática/diagnóstico
4.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(12): 991-992, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689283

RESUMO

A 48-year-old woman with intermittent lower back pain for 9 months and known retroperitoneal neurofibroma underwent F-NaF PET/CT scan to assess possible bony lesions causing the pain. Incidentally, the images showed elevated NaF activity in the retroperitoneal neurofibroma. In addition, uterine leiomyoma with heterogeneous calcifications revealed increased NaF activity.


Assuntos
Calcinose/complicações , Radioisótopos de Flúor , Leiomioma/complicações , Neurofibroma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/metabolismo , Fluoreto de Sódio/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibroma/complicações , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/complicações , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico por imagem
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 197, 2019 08 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464607

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurofibromas (NF) are benign tumors of the peripheral nerves that are composed of Schwann cells, perineural-like cells and fibroblasts. The differential diagnosis for a solitary intraneural variant of neurofibroma arising in the floor of the mouth is broad and includes a submandibular gland neoplasm and adenopathy, among others. The intraoral approach is the best choice for a medium-sized lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a rare case of a solitary neurofibroma of the floor of the mouth in a 31-year-old male. The patient consulted the dental emergency department for acute pain of the left mandible. Systematic clinical examination revealed the presence of a mass in the left mouth floor. The panoramic x-ray was not conclusive and the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a well-defined soft tissue lesion with homogenous isosignal intensity on the T1-weighted image, high intensity signal on the T2-weighted image and heterogeneous enhancement following contrast-enhancement on the T1-weighted Fast Sat image. The surgical excision of the soft-tissue neoplasm was accomplished by an intraoral approach. The specimen was sent for histopathologic analysis and Immunohistochemical studies which confirmed the diagnosis of a myxoid predominant intraneural solitary neurofibroma. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of neurofibroma was confirmed by histopathological evaluation and immunohistochemical studies which also excluded other entities in the histopathologic differential diagnosis including schwannoma and a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor among other. Localized (solitary) neurofibromas most often occur as sporadic lesions, however; diagnosis of a solitary neurofibroma prompts clinical evaluation to exclude the remote possibility of neurofibromatosis. The purpose of this case report is to raise awareness of the uncommon presentation of neurofibroma and to document the successful management of such a lesion using an intraoral approach.


Assuntos
Nervo Lingual , Neurofibroma , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Nervo Lingual/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Lingual/cirurgia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Exame Físico
6.
World Neurosurg ; 130: 1-6, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cases of multiple intracranial tumors are common; however, cases of multiple intraspinal tumors are rare. Except for cases of neurofibromatosis, it is very rare for tumors of different pathological types to exist concurrently at the same spinal level. Only 9 cases have been reported to date, with meningioma found with schwannoma in 7 cases and with neurofibroma in 2 cases. CASE DESCRIPTION: We have reported another rare case in which neurofibroma and meningioma were identified within a single dumbbell-shaped tumor at the same cervical level without neurofibromatosis. The preoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings indicated a single extra- and intradural extramedullary dumbbell-shaped neurogenic tumor on the left ventral side of the cervical spine. Intraoperatively, we found that the mass consisted of 2 pathologically different tumors. The results of surgical resection were mostly satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, the present case is the first reported case of intradural neurofibroma (not meningioma) and extradural meningioma growing mixed together at the same spinal level without neurofibromatosis. The precise mechanism underlying the formation of the tumor is unknown, and multidirectional differentiation of a common progenitor cell is one possibility. Intra- and extradural exploration and component biopsies are useful for treatment planning, especially when the magnetic resonance imaging is not sufficiently sensitive for the diagnosis of coexisting tumor types.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatoses , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Meníngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Meníngeas/cirurgia , Meningioma/complicações , Meningioma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibroma/complicações , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia
7.
J Neurosurg Spine ; 30(1): 126-132, 2018 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30485203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVEC2 nerve root neurofibromas have been reported frequently in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), although their genetic and imaging characteristics are unexplored. The aim of this study was to characterize genetic and spinal imaging findings in a large cohort of NF1 patients with C2 neurofibromas.METHODSThe authors performed a review of national NF1 referrals between 2009 and 2016. Inclusion criteria were at least 1 C2 root neurofibroma and cervical-spine or whole-spine MRI scans available for analysis. Blinded imaging review was performed by a neuroradiologist with an interest in NF1.RESULTSFifty-four patients with 106 C2 neurofibromas were included. The median age was 32.5 years (range 15-61 years), and there were slightly more male patients (33 vs 21 female patients). Splice-site (30%) and missense (20%) variants were frequent. Spinal neurofibromas were distributed in all spine regions (65%) or in the cervical spine alone (22%). Most (93%) C2 neurofibromas were visible on MRI scans of the head. Intradural invasion and cord compression in the cervical spine included the C2 level in 95% and 80% of patients, respectively. Compared with all other cervical spine neurofibromas in these patients, C2 neurofibromas had higher rates of intraspinal extension (75% vs 32%; OR 6.20, 95% CI 3.85-9.97; p < 0.001), intradural invasion (53% vs 26%; OR 3.20, 95% CI 2.08-4.92; p < 0.001), and cord compression (25% vs 13%; OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.35-3.79; p = 0.002). However, C2 neurofibromas had lower rates of extraforaminal growth beyond the transverse process (12% vs 62%; OR 0.09, 95% CI 0.05-0.16; p < 0.001).CONCLUSIONSC2 neurofibromas are associated with an aggressive intraspinal phenotype, limited growth outside the spinal canal, and an uncommon genetic profile. These observations require future study.


Assuntos
Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico por imagem , Compressão da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Neurofibroma/complicações , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Fenótipo , Compressão da Medula Espinal/complicações , Neoplasias da Medula Espinal/complicações , Coluna Vertebral/patologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20182018 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30297491

RESUMO

An occurrence of vallecular neurofibroma with airway obstruction is extremely rare and to the best of our knowledge, no case report has been documented in the literature to date. Although microlaryngeal surgery with cold knife excision is the standard surgical procedure offered to patients of vallecular lesions, it can be successfully managed with the help of endoscopic coblation as later can provide a bloodless surgical field preventing the unmet need for the tracheostomy and reducing the postoperative morbidities.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/complicações , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Laríngeas/cirurgia , Laringoscopia , Neurofibroma/complicações , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 20182018 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29764827

RESUMO

A 13-year-old boy with neurofibromatosis type 1 presented to the emergency department twice in a fortnight with moderate intermittent abdominal pain, radiating to the back and associated with nausea and vomiting. He examined as a well child with a soft abdomen and minimal tenderness. A history of constipation was identified but he failed to respond to a trial of laxatives. Subsequent ultrasound abdomen demonstrated a large mass surrounding the porta hepatis. MRI further characterised a focal, non-aggressive lesion extending from his liver, encapsulating his pancreas, portal vessels and laterally displacing his spleen and left kidney. Biopsy performed at a specialist cancer treatment hospital of our reference later confirmed this to be a benign neurofibroma of a size not previously reported in the literature. He will be managed conservatively with surveillance imaging and the potential for chemotherapy should the lesion continue to grow.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Abdominais/patologia , Dor Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Achados Incidentais , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibromatose 1/complicações , Neoplasias Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Abdominais/etiologia , Neoplasias Abdominais/terapia , Adolescente , Biópsia , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/etiologia , Neurofibroma/terapia , Ultrassonografia
11.
Skeletal Radiol ; 47(11): 1553-1558, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29632963

RESUMO

Pacinian corpuscles, the main touch receptors to pressure and vibration, are ubiquitous in the deep dermis and hypodermis of the fingers and palms. Nevertheless, their existence is largely unknown to most radiologists. We frequently noted hyperintense nodules in the palms of patients on water-sensitive MRI sequences, but were unable to explain their etiology. We recently encountered two patients who had Pacinian corpuscles identified at surgical exploration and pathological analysis. Pre-operative MRI examinations in these patients showed T2 hyperintense subcutaneous palmar nodules corresponding to these corpuscles in a pattern identical to those seen incidentally in other patients. Descriptions from the dermatopathological and orthopedic literature closely correspond to our MRI observations. Based on these data, we hypothesize that the MRI finding that we previously noted represents normal Pacinian corpuscles.


Assuntos
Mãos/diagnóstico por imagem , Achados Incidentais , Corpúsculos de Pacini/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Feminino , Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Mãos/inervação , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Neuro Oncol ; 20(6): 818-825, 2018 05 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409029

RESUMO

Background: Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) leads to the development of benign and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST). MPNST have been described to develop in preexisting benign plexiform neurofibromas (PN) and have a poor prognosis. Atypical neurofibromas (ANF) were recently described as precursor lesions for MPNST, making early detection and management of ANF a possible strategy to prevent MPNST. We aimed to clinically characterize ANF and identify management approaches. Methods: We analyzed clinical, imaging, and pathology findings of all patients with NF1 and ANF at 3 institutions. Results: Sixty-three patients had 76 ANF (32M/31F; median age 27.1 y). On MRI, most ANF appeared as distinct nodular lesions and were 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) avid. Forty-six ANF were associated with pain, 19 with motor weakness, 45 were palpable or visible, and 13 had no clinical signs. Completely resected ANF (N = 57) have not recurred (median follow-up, 4.1 y; range, 0-14 y). Four ANF transformed into MPNST and 17 patients had a history of MPNST in a different location than was their ANF. Conclusions: Growth of distinct nodular lesions, pain, and FDG-PET avidity should raise concern for ANF in NF1. Patients with ANF are at greater risk for development of MPNST. Complete resection of ANF may prevent development of MPNST.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Neurofibroma/patologia , Neurofibromatose 1/patologia , Neurofibrossarcoma/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neurofibroma/complicações , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatose 1/etiologia , Neurofibrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibrossarcoma/etiologia , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Neurosurg Focus ; 44(VideoSuppl1): V2, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29291298

RESUMO

Neurofibromas are benign tumors composed of different cell types from the peripheral nervous system. Neurofibromas infiltrate between nerve fascicles and do not have a discrete capsule. On MRI, they are T1 hypointense or isointense, T2 hyperintense, often with a "target sign," and contrast enhancing. The video shows gross-total resection of a peroneal nerve neurofibroma presenting as a painful mass in the popliteal fossa. Incisions across a skin crease can be either oblique or zigzag, but never perpendicular to it. It is also key to expose normal nerve proximal and distal to the tumor. The patient had a good functional outcome. The video can be found here: https://youtu.be/G74Zoa1Y2JM .


Assuntos
Articulação do Joelho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/cirurgia , Nervo Fibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Fibular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Clin Neurophysiol ; 129(2): 354-359, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29288991

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate development of sonographic abnormalities and applications of high-resolution ultrasonography (HRUS) in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). METHODS: Sixteen asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic NF1 patients underwent HRUS at inclusion and 1 year follow-up. Upper and lower extremity nerves were investigated. Peripheral nerve involvement was graded. RESULTS: Plexiform neurofibromas (PNFs) were found in 7 patients (43.8%) at inclusion and 10 (62.5%) at follow-up. All initially identified PNFs were also found at follow-up; additional PNFs were found by extended longitudinal assessment at follow-up. All 3 patients with minor and 7 patients with severe peripheral nerve involvement had similar involvement at follow-up. Mean nerve size change was -0.2 mm2 (±1.6) and 0.3 mm2 (±6.2) in patients with minor and severe involvement. Mean PNF size change was -0.1 mm2 (±9.9). CONCLUSIONS: HRUS allows qualitative assessment of peripheral nerves, which makes it advantageous as initial imaging technique in suspected neuropathy. Patients with minimal nerve involvement remained so, and might therefore require less follow-up for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNSTs) development. Measured change in PNF size was highly variable. Repeating an extensive standardized HRUS protocol during follow-up thus seems less useful to screen for MPNSTs. SIGNIFICANCE: HRUS has potential applications as diagnostic and screening tool in NF1.


Assuntos
Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibrossarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervos Periféricos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Ultrassonografia
20.
Arch Pediatr ; 25(1): 39-41, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29274929

RESUMO

Neurocutaneous syndromes are heterogenous diseases that are diagnosed in the presence of skin and central nervous system disorders. Neurofibromatosis (NF) is one of these disorders, with autosomal dominant inheritance, that causes tumors that grow on nerves as well as other abnormalities such as skin changes and bone deformities. The most common form of NF is type I. A 6-year-old Iranian boy with neurofibromatosis was referred to the pediatric cardiology clinic due to a soft holosystolic murmur discovered on routine examination. The echocardiographic findings included a large intrapericardial, encapsulated echodense homogenous mass located in the posterior part of the pericardium, attached to the posterior aspect of the left atrium and left ventricle. The mass measured about 6.3×6.5×5.5cm and exerted a compressive effect on the left-side chambers, with mild mitral regurgitation and mild pericardial effusion. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed these findings showing encasement of the left circumflex artery, while the open biopsy through a midsternotomy procedure showed a mildly cellular mesenchymal tumor composed of spindle cells suggestive of neurofibroma. Further resection of the mass was not performed because of the risk of coronary injury and the stable situation of the patient. Visceral involvement of neurofibroma is uncommon and rarely involves the heart. As shown in this case, besides the chance for involving the pericardium, despite its benign nature, this tumor sometimes shows unusual involvement of structures such as the coronary arteries.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurofibromatose 1/diagnóstico , Criança , Ecocardiografia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA