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1.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19604, 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36380136

RESUMO

Several psychological factors have been proposed to be associated with functional somatic disorders (FSD). However, large population-based studies investigating the importance of both personality and adverse life events (ALE) are sparse. This study aimed to investigate the association between FSD and neuroticism and the accumulated number of ALE, respectively. This cross-sectional study included a random sample of the adult Danish population (N = 7493). FSD were established by means of self-reported questionnaires and diagnostic interviews. Neuroticism was measured with the Danish version of the short-form NEO Personality Inventory. ALE were measured with the Danish version of the Cumulative Lifetime Adversity Measure. Strong positive associations were found between neuroticism and FSD, and ALE and questionnaire-based FSD. For interview-based FSD, strong positive associations were found for FSD, multi-organ type, and for the subtype of the general symptoms. The level of self-efficacy did not modify these associations, and no moderating effect of neuroticism and ALE in combination on the probability of having FSD was found. FSD were strongly associated with both neuroticism and the accumulated number of ALE, and these associations were not modified by self-efficacy. In combination, neuroticism and ALE did not have a moderating effect on the probability of having FSD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Adulto , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Psychopathol Clin Sci ; 131(8): 857-867, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36326627

RESUMO

Much research has demonstrated that psychopathology can be described in terms of broad dimensions, representing liability for multiple psychiatric disorders. Broad spectra of psychopathology (e.g., internalizing and externalizing) are increasingly used as targets for research investigating the development, etiology, and course of psychopathology because they account for patterns of relatedness among disorders that were once presumed distinct. Thus, these spectra represent alluring targets due to their comprehensive and parsimonious nature. Nevertheless, little research has established the role of individual disorders over and above broad dimensions in the study of psychopathology. In the current study, we investigate whether there are unique etiological associations between individual internalizing disorders and personality traits after accounting for their etiological associations with a broad internalizing dimension. We used a community sample of twins (Npairs = 448) ages 4 to 19 to examine the etiological associations between internalizing psychopathology and Big Five personality dimensions. In terms of genetic covariation, a broad internalizing dimension was positively associated with neuroticism and negatively associated with extraversion, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Moreover, internalizing accounted for most of the genetic variance shared between individual internalizing disorders and personality traits. Nevertheless, there were unique genetic associations between the following pairs of personality traits and disorders: neuroticism and social anxiety, extraversion and social anxiety, agreeableness and depression, and conscientiousness and compulsions. There was little evidence of environmental influences shared between internalizing and personality. In sum, a broad internalizing dimension adequately accounted for almost all of the etiologic covariation between internalizing disorders and personality, with several interesting exceptions. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Personalidade/genética , Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia , Neuroticismo , Extroversão Psicológica , Inventário de Personalidade
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429740

RESUMO

Social media disorder (SMD) is a frequently occurring subtype of Internet-related disorders (IRD), which has recently become a focus of research. It is noticeable that women are among those affected, whose nosological characteristics need to be examined. A clinical sample of n = 294 women (14-68 years, M = 36.88 years) was generated. The questionnaire included questions about demography, IRD, SMD, personality traits, psychopathological distress, functional impairment and comorbid mental illnesses. IRD was found in 17.5 percent and SMD in 12.5 percent of women. Compared to women with global IRD Women with SMD reported lower scores on the personality traits neuroticism and agreeableness. They are more frequently functionally impaired in the social dimension, more often reported comorbid substance-dependency and less eating disorders. The results suggest that although have similar characteristics to the comparison group, women with SMD differ in their nosological characteristics from women with global IRD.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Feminino , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia , Neuroticismo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comorbidade
4.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 279, 2022 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36443819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Research on the relationship between Facebook use intensity and depressive symptoms has resulted in mixed findings. In contrast, problematic Facebook use has been found to be a robust predictor of depressive symptoms. This suggests that when intense Facebook use results in a problematic usage pattern, it may indirectly predict depressive symptoms. However, this mediation pathway has never been examined. Moreover, it remains unclear whether the possible indirect relationship between Facebook use intensity and depressive symptoms through problematic Facebook use is moderated by demographic (age), and personality (neuroticism and extraversion) characteristics. METHODS: To address these gaps, we conducted an online cross-sectional study (n = 210, 55% female, age range: 18-70 years old, Mage = 30.26, SD = 12.25). We measured Facebook use intensity (Facebook Intensity Scale), problematic Facebook use (Bergen Facebook Addiction Scale), depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale Revised), and neuroticism and extraversion (Ten Item Personality Inventory). RESULTS: A mediation analysis revealed that problematic Facebook use fully mediates the relationship between Facebook use intensity and depressive symptoms. Moreover, a moderated mediation analysis demonstrated that this indirect relationship is especially strong among young users and users scoring high on neuroticism. CONCLUSIONS: These findings expand our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the relationship between Facebook use intensity and depressive symptoms and describe user characteristics that act as vulnerability factors in this relationship.


Assuntos
Extroversão Psicológica , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Depressão , Estudos Transversais
5.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 249, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between wellbeing and personality has been studied extensively, but few studies have examined these in the period of adolescence and emerging adulthood. Moreover, the influence of contextual factors such as engagement in leisure activities are rarely considered. METHODS: The present study employs a combination of frequentist and Bayesian analyses to evaluate the concurrent impact of personality traits and leisure activities on five conceptions of wellbeing (life satisfaction; positive affect; negative affect; mental health; flourishing) in three cohorts of young people (aged 14-15; 16-17; 18-20 years). RESULTS: Personality traits were the only significant predictors of life satisfaction and negative affect, but leisure activities in the form of socialising or physical activity, in addition to personality traits, predicted positive affect, mental health and flourishing. Neuroticism was the largest predictor of wellbeing overall, whereas conscientiousness was the most consistent. Lower levels of wellbeing were also associated with higher levels of creative potential. CONCLUSIONS: The study not only confirms the importance of personality traits as predictors of wellbeing in adolescents and young adults, but also indicates the necessity to consider the impact of leisure activities in different conceptions of wellbeing. The negative relationship between creative potential and wellbeing is in line with the literature which shows a link between mental illness, particularly at subclinical levels, and creativity.


Assuntos
Atividades de Lazer , Personalidade , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Humanos , Adulto , Teorema de Bayes , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia , Neuroticismo , Saúde Mental
6.
PLoS One ; 17(11): e0277351, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36449445

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Evidence has shown that the Five precepts significantly affect the relationship between attachment and resilience; however, little is known whether observing the Five Precepts would help reduce depressive symptoms among those who experience risks. The aim of this study was to examine the moderating role of the Five Precepts in the mediation model relationship among neuroticism, perceived stress, and depression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study employed a cross-sectional survey design and data were collected from the end of 2019 to September 2022 in Thailand. In all, 644 general participants completed questionnaires on the Neuroticism Inventory (NI), the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Depression Subscale, and the Five-Precept Subscale of the Inner Strength-based Inventory (SBI-PP). Mediation and moderation analyses with 5000 bootstrapping methods were used. RESULTS: Among all, 74.2% were female, and the mean age totalled 28.28 years (SD = 10.6). SBI-PP was shown to have a moderation effect on the relationship between NI, PSS and depressive symptoms. The moderating effect between SBI-PP and PSS was significant, whereas SBI-PP and NI was not. The index of moderated mediation from the Five Precepts was significant (b = -0.019 (95%CI -0.029, -0.009)). The moderated mediation model increased the percent variance explaining depressive symptoms to 47.6%, compared with 32.6% from the mediation model alone. CONCLUSION: Observing the Five Precepts offers evidence that it buffers the effect of perceived stress on depression. People with high levels of observing the Five Precepts are less likely to develop depressive symptoms. Implications as well as possible future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Budismo , Depressão , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Estudos Transversais , Estresse Psicológico
7.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 230: 103764, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36270141

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the association between two important personality traits (extraversion and neuroticism) and social media addiction (SMA) through social media usage (SMU) while considering the important moderating role of life satisfaction. We collected data from 623 university students in Pakistan through an electronic survey. SmartPLS software was utilized to perform partial least squares - structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analyses to verify our proposed model. The results revealed a significant direct association between extraversion and social media addiction whereas social media usage partially mediates this relationship. However, the direct relationship between neuroticism and social media addiction was not found significant but was fully mediated by social media usage. In addition, life satisfaction revealed no moderating effect on the relationship between extraversion, neuroticism, and social media addiction. Our results contribute to the prior studies that intensity of using social media for whatever purpose leads to social media addiction; life satisfaction does not play any role in social media addiction. Limitations and directions for future research are discussed.


Assuntos
Extroversão Psicológica , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Universidades , Paquistão , Estudantes , Personalidade
8.
Atten Percept Psychophys ; 84(8): 2552-2561, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36253587

RESUMO

Inhibition of return (IOR) refers to the slower response to targets presented at previously attended locations, and such repetition-induced inhibition has been found to be differentially associated with personality traits. Although it has been well documented how personality traits affect spatial IOR, a mechanism associated with the attentional orienting network, there is not yet a consensus as to the relationship between personality traits and nonspatial repetition inhibition, a mechanism associated with the attentional executive network. The present study herein examined how the Big Five personality traits relate to cross-modal nonspatial repetition inhibition. Participants completed the NEO-PI-R and performed a cross-modal nonspatial repetition inhibition task built on the prime-neutral cue-target paradigm, in which the relationships of the identities and modalities between the prime and the target were manipulated. The results showed a significant nonspatial inhibitory effect and the effect was larger under the visual-auditory condition than under the auditory-visual condition. More importantly, neuroticism was associated with decreased cross-modal nonspatial inhibitory effect, presumably due to impaired attentional control. However, such a result was only found in the visual-auditory condition. We propose that retrieving previous prime representations under the visual-auditory condition requires a large consumption of cognitive resources, making inhibitory control more difficult for individuals with high neuroticism. These findings provide new insight into the influence of personality traits on attentional performance requiring nonspatial inhibitory control and enrich the relationship between neuroticism and repetition-induced inhibition.


Assuntos
Atenção , Sinais (Psicologia) , Humanos , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Neuroticismo , Atenção/fisiologia , Inibição Psicológica
9.
An. psicol ; 38(3): 538-545, Oct-Dic. 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-208826

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of primary and secondary appraisal, and of coping strategies, on daily stress, taking in-to account any possible effect of the big five personality traits. Over 10 days, a cohort of 122 people filled out an on-line diary in which they rec-orded the most important stressful event each day, their primary and sec-ondary appraisal of this, and how they coped with it. The results indicate that negative affect is influenced by a high degree of primary appraisal, lim-ited secondary appraisal and a high rate of refusal, with no significant in-fluence of personality traits. Positive affect ismainly influenced by a lower extent of primary appraisal, more secondary appraisal, and by a low rate of refusal and of social support seeking. Moreover, a low level of neuroticism was a predictor of greater positive affect. These data are discussed, high-lighting the importance of a situational assessment of stressful episodes at each moment to not only understand the effects of stress on health but al-so, to develop effective interventions.(AU)


El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la influencia de la evaluación primaria, secundaria y de las estrategias de afrontamiento sobre el estrés diario, teniendo en cuenta cualquier posible efecto de los cinco grandes rasgos de personalidad. Durante 10 días, una cohorte de 122 personas llenó un diario en línea en el que registraron el evento estresante más importante de cada día, su evaluación primaria y secundaria y cómo lo afrontaron. Los resultados indican que el afecto negativo está influido por una evaluación primaria alta, una evaluación secundaria limitada y una alta tasa de rechazo, sin influencia significativa de los rasgos de personalidad. El afecto positivo está influido principalmente por un menor grado de valoración primaria, una evaluación secundaria alta, por una baja tasa de rechazo y de búsqueda de apoyo social. Además, un nivel bajo de neuroticismo fue el mejor predictor del afecto positivo. Se discuten estos datos, destacando la importancia de una evaluación situacional de episodios estresantes en cada momento para no sólo comprender los efectos del estrés en la salud sino también, para desarrollar intervenciones efectivas.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estresse Psicológico , Personalidade , Determinação da Personalidade , Neuroticismo , Esgotamento Profissional , Estudos de Coortes , Psicologia , Psicologia Clínica , Psicologia Social , Medicina do Comportamento , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Psychol Assess ; 34(11): 1062-1073, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048068

RESUMO

Rejection sensitivity (RS), the predisposition to defensively expect, readily perceive, and react strongly to interpersonal rejection (Downey & Feldman, 1996; Feldman & Downey, 1994), may be a transdiagnostic trait associated with a range of psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial dysfunction. Valid and reliable assessment of vulnerability factors is essential for individualized treatment and improving clinical outcomes. Limited research has examined the factor structure of the predominantly used self-report measure of RS, the Adult Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (A-RSQ; Berenson et al., 2009). Across two studies (Study 1: N = 346, 57.2% female, 76.6% White; 16.8% Hispanic/Latinx; Study 2: N = 540; 43.7% female, 80.2% White; 16.7% Hispanic/Latinx), we examined the factor structure of the A-RSQ in samples of adult U.S. residents and investigated associations with mental health correlates, including neuroticism, social anxiety, anxiety, depression, anhedonia, somatic arousal, and psychological distress. Study 2 also evaluated relations with interpersonal correlates, including introversion, submissiveness, and anxious and avoidant attachment. A two-factor solution with rejection expectancy and rejection concern representing separate factors consistently fit the data best. Distinct patterns of associations emerged suggesting that concern was more strongly associated with indicators of negative affect while expectancy was uniquely associated with diminished positive affect. Both concern and expectancy were associated with indicators of interpersonal dysfunction. Findings suggest that the current operationalization, and perhaps conceptualization, of RS as measured by the A-RSQ requires revision. Additionally, RS may be a clinically relevant transdiagnostic phenotype that influences symptom manifestation and psychosocial functioning. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Ansiedade , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Neuroticismo
11.
Neurosci Biobehav Rev ; 142: 104878, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116575

RESUMO

We examine fear and anxiety in the context of structural models of personality (the five-factor model, or FFM) and psychopathology (the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology, or HiTOP); we also highlight important issues related to their assessment. Anxiety is a sustained, future-oriented response to potential threat. Trait measures of anxiety represent a core facet within the broader domain of neuroticism in the FFM. Anxiety-related symptoms are indicators of the distress subfactor within the internalizing spectrum in HiTOP. In contrast, fear is a brief, present-focused response to an acute threat. We distinguish between two ways of assessing individual differences in fear. The first type assesses phobic responses to specific stimuli. Phobia measures are moderately correlated with measures of neuroticism in the FFM and define the fear subfactor of internalizing in HiTOP. The second type assesses individual differences in harm avoidance versus risk taking. Measures of risk taking (i.e., low fear) are moderately related to disinhibition/low conscientiousness and antagonism/low agreeableness in the FFM and are indicators of the externalizing superspectrum in HiTOP.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Personalidade , Humanos , Personalidade/fisiologia , Neuroticismo , Medo , Ansiedade , Psicopatologia
12.
Int J Public Health ; 67: 1605074, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36090823

RESUMO

Objectives: Previous studies revealed a positive association between neuroticism and depression. This study further extended the previous findings by exploring the psychological processes underlying this association among Chinese postgraduates. Guided by theoretical models and empirical research, we proposed a multiple mediation and moderated mediation model to investigate the roles of dispositional mindfulness and cognitive reappraisal in the relationship between neuroticism and depression. Methods: Using the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale, and Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, 1103 first-year postgraduates at a comprehensive university in China were surveyed. Path analysis was adopted to test the models. Results: The results showed that dispositional mindfulness mediated the association between neuroticism and depression. Further, this mediating effect was moderated by cognitive reappraisal, with this effect being stronger in individuals with low engagement in cognitive reappraisal. Conclusion: The results support interrelations among neuroticism, depression, dispositional mindfulness, and cognitive reappraisal as moderated mediation rather than multiple mediation. The results enhance our understanding of psychological mechanisms between neuroticism and depression and provide suggestions for interventions to prevent or reduce depression in highly neurotic postgraduates.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , China , Cognição , Depressão/psicologia , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Estudantes
13.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274542, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36170324

RESUMO

Five-factor model personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, conscientiousness) are thought to be relatively impervious to environmental demands in adulthood. The coronavirus pandemic is an unprecedented opportunity to examine whether personality changed during a stressful global event. Surprisingly, two previous studies found that neuroticism decreased early in the pandemic, whereas there was less evidence for change in the other four traits during this period. The present research used longitudinal assessments of personality from the Understanding America Study (N = 7,109; 18,623 assessments) to examine personality changes relatively earlier (2020) and later (2021-2022) in the pandemic compared to pre-pandemic levels. Replicating the two previous studies, neuroticism declined very slightly in 2020 compared to pre-pandemic levels; there were no changes in the other four traits. When personality was measured in 2021-2022, however, there was no significant change in neuroticism compared to pre-pandemic levels, but there were significant small declines in extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. The changes were about one-tenth of a standard deviation, which is equivalent to about one decade of normative personality change. These changes were moderated by age and Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, but not race or education. Strikingly, younger adults showed disrupted maturity in that they increased in neuroticism and declined in agreeableness and conscientiousness. Current evidence suggests the slight decrease in neuroticism early in the pandemic was short-lived and detrimental changes in the other traits emerged over time. If these changes are enduring, this evidence suggests population-wide stressful events can slightly bend the trajectory of personality, especially in younger adults.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Transtornos da Personalidade , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Neuroticismo , Personalidade , Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 22(3): 1-10, Sept. - dec. 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-208427

RESUMO

Background/objective: Research has highlighted the role of neuroticism, rumination, and depression in predicting suicidal thoughts, but studies on how these variables interplay are scarce. The aims of the present study were to test a model in which emotional stability (i.e., low neuroticism) would act as an antecedent and moderator of rumination and depressed mood in the prediction of suicidal ideation (i.e., moderated serial-mediation), and to explore their replicability across four countries and sex, among college students as an at-risk-group for suicide.Method: Participants were 3482 undergraduates from U.S, Spain, Argentina, and the Netherlands. Path analysis and multi-group analysis were conducted.Results: Emotional stability was indirectly linked to suicidal ideation via rumination and depressed mood. Moreover, emotional stability moderated the associations between rumination and depressed mood, and between depressed mood and suicidal ideation. Findings were consistent in males and females, and across countries studied.Discussion: Regardless of sex and country, people with low emotional stability reported higher levels of rumination, which in turn was associated with more depressed mood, and these were associated with higher reports of suicidal thoughts. This cascade of psychological risk factors for suicidal ideation seems to be more harmful in people who endorse low levels of emotional stability. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Neuroticismo , Depressão , Ideação Suicida , Saúde Mental , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Espanha , Estados Unidos , Argentina , Países Baixos
15.
Psicol. conduct ; 30(2): 517-532, Sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-208442

RESUMO

Las variables psicológicas permiten predecir el riego de abuso de los opioidesde prescripción. El objetivo del presente estudio ha sido analizar el valor predictivode algunas de ellas. Concretamente se ha analizado la asociación del humor deautoafirmación, el neuroticismo, la extraversión, la presencia de síntomas deansiedad y/o depresión, y la intensidad de dolor percibido con el potencial abuso yel uso indebido de opioides. Participaron 60 pacientes con dolor crónico nooncológico, con una media de edad de 60 años, en su mayoría mujeres (77%) ycasados (78%). Se realizaron dos análisis de regresión lineal múltiple por pasos. Losresultados señalan a los síntomas de ansiedad y/o depresión como únicas variablesrelacionadas con el potencial abuso y el actual uso indebido de los opioides deprescripción. Se concluye la importancia de llevar a cabo una evaluación psicológicaprevia al inicio de una terapia farmacológica con opioides. Y, en el caso de detectarsíntomas de ansiedad o depresión en estos pacientes, sería necesario solucionarestos problemas antes de la prescripción de opioides. (AU)


Psychological variables can be used to predict the risk of prescription opioidabuse. The aim of the present study was to analyse the predictive value of a set ofthese variables. Specifically, we analysed the association between the potentialabuse and misuse of opioids and self-affirming mood, neuroticism, extraversion,anxiety and/or depression symptoms, and perceived pain intensity. The samplecomprised 60 patients with chronic non-oncological pain (mean age= 60 years;77% women, 78% married). Two stepwise multiple linear regression analyses wereperformed. The results indicate that anxiety and/or depression symptoms were theonly variables associated with the potential abuse and current misuse ofprescription opioids. We suggest the need for prior psychological assessmentbefore deciding to initiate pharmacological therapy with opioids. Any anxiety or depression symptoms in these patients should be addressed before prescribingopioids. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Neuroticismo , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078361

RESUMO

Research has explored numerous consequences of workplace bullying, including a recent link to the exhibition of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomology. Role conflict as a workplace stressor may contribute to instances of bullying from a passive perspective, which may lead to PTSD symptomology in victims. What remains less explored is if role conflict has a direct relationship to PTSD symptomology and how personality traits such as neuroticism and workplace factors such as managerial competencies may moderate the stress brought on by role conflict. Hence the present study seeks to examine this gap in the literature. This study utilizes a between-subjects, cross-sectional design with 159 participants, 39.6% male and 60.4% female. Most participants (60%) were Italian workers of a large social cooperative organization. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the measurement model was valid and had an adequate model fit. Results from two separate moderated mediation analyses found a positive, full mediation between the independent variable of role conflict, the mediator of exposure to bullying, and the dependent variable of PTSD symptomology. Furthermore, in this study, neuroticism strengthened the indirect effect while managerial competencies weakened it. The results highlight the importance of training competent managers and providing resources for more vulnerable employees to moderate employee work stress and its negative outcomes.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estresse Ocupacional , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Local de Trabalho
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078533

RESUMO

Recent psychological research shown that the places where we live are linked to our personality traits. Geographical aggregation of personalities has been observed in many individualistic nations; notably, the mountainousness is an essential component in understanding regional variances in personality. Could mountainousness therefore also explain the clustering of personality-types in collectivist countries like China? Using a nationwide survey (29,838 participants) in Mainland China, we investigated the relationship between the Big Five personality traits and mountainousness indicators at the provincial level. Multilevel modelling showed significant negative associations between the elevation coefficient of variation (Elevation CV) and the Big Five personality traits, whereas mean elevation (Elevation Mean) and the standard deviation in elevation (Elevation STD) were positively associated with human personalities. Subsequent machine learning analyses showed that, for example, Elevation Mean outperformed other mountainousness indicators regarding correlations with neuroticism, while Elevation CV performed best relative to openness models. Our results mirror some previous findings, such as the positive association between openness and Elevation STD, while also revealing cultural differences, such as the social desirability of people living in China's mountainous areas.


Assuntos
Personalidade , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , China , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Transtornos da Personalidade
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078790

RESUMO

When children are "left behind", aggressive behavior is a common manifestation of problem behaviors, and several previous studies suggested that neuroticism has characteristics such as oversensitivity and impulsivity, which may be important predictors of aggressive behavior. However, the mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship are unknown. This study is designed to analyze how neuroticism leads to left-behind children's aggressive behaviors through mediators of interpersonal sensitivity and bullying victimization. A sample of 1478 Chinese children (67.72% left-behind children; 37.28% non-left-behind children) through whole-class contact and voluntary participation completed measurements of neuroticism, interpersonal sensitivity, bullying victimization, and aggressive behavior. Findings from the mediation analysis show that interpersonal sensitivity and bullying victimization could mediate the relationship between neuroticism and aggressive behavior among left-behind children separately and sequentially. These findings suggest helpful ways to reduce the aggressive behaviors of left-behind children by decreasing interpersonal sensitivity and bullying victimization.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Comportamento Problema , Agressão , Criança , Humanos , Neuroticismo
19.
Atherosclerosis ; 359: 44-51, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Psychologic wellbeing can impact cardiovascular health. We aimed to evaluate the joint association of multiple psychologic wellbeing factors with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and examine whether this association was modified by genetic susceptibility. METHODS: In the UK Biobank, 126,255 participants free of CVD (coronary heart disease [CHD], stroke, and heart failure [HF]) at baseline, who completed a questionnaire on psychological factors, were included. The psychological wellbeing score was calculated by four factors: happiness, life satisfaction, broad depression, and neuroticism. Cox proportional hazard models were used to assess the association between the psychological wellbeing score and CVD risk. RESULTS: During the median follow-up of 11.5 years, 10,815 participants had newly diagnosed CVDs. Low life satisfaction, the presence of depression, and neuroticism score ≥1 were significantly associated with an increased risk of CVD in the multivariable-adjusted model. Through decreasing the psychological wellbeing score, there were significant increasing linear trends in the risk of CVD, CHD, stroke, and HF (all p for trend < 0.001). Participants with the lowest psychological wellbeing score had the highest risk for CVD (HR 1.51, 95% CI 1.42-1.61). Women were more susceptible to worse psychological wellbeing status for CVD than men (p for interaction = 0.009). The associations of the psychological wellbeing score with CVD were consistent across genetic risk (p for interaction >0.05). When considered jointly, participants exposed to high-risk psychological wellbeing and genetic status had a 2.70-fold (95% CI 2.25-3.24) risk for CHD. CONCLUSIONS: Joint exposure to multiple psychological wellbeing factors was associated with increased risks of incident CVD in an additive manner, regardless of genetic susceptibility.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Doença das Coronárias , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Satisfação Pessoal , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/genética
20.
Epilepsy Behav ; 135: 108887, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037582

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate alexithymia, emotion dysregulation, suicidality, and personality traits in people with epilepsy (PWE) and to evaluate their effects on quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six consecutive PWE and forty healthy control subjects (HC) were recruited for the study. Both PWE and HC were interviewed and completed the following questionnaires: Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20(TAS-20), Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, Suicidal Ideation Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Quality Of Life In Epilepsy-31. RESULTS: TAS-20 and difficulty identifying feelings which was the subgroup of TAS-20, scores of total and non-acceptance, goals, impulse, strategies, and clarity subgroups of DERS were statistically significantly higher in PWE (p = 0.01, 0.004, 0.01, 0.07, 0.009, 0.06, 0.01, respectively). Considering the personality characteristics, neuroticism was more common in PWE, while extraversion was less common. Suicidal ideation and anxiety scores were higher in PWE than HC (p = 0.02, p = 0.003). Anxiety, suicidal ideation, neuroticism, alexithymia and emotion dysregulation had a negative relationship on quality of life. (r = -0.54, p < 0.001; r = -0.54, p < 0.001; r = -0.62, p < 0.001; r = -0.32, p = 0.02; r = -0.52, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Difficulty identifying feelings, dysregulation of emotions especially nonacceptance, goals, impulse, strategies, and clarity are common in PWE. Anxiety, suicidal ideation, neuroticism, alexithymia, and emotion dysregulation had a negative impact on quality of life. Each of these are important for psychosocial wellbeing of our patients and must be questioned considering their effects on quality of life.


Assuntos
Regulação Emocional , Epilepsia , Suicídio , Sintomas Afetivos/etiologia , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Epilepsia/complicações , Extroversão Psicológica , Humanos , Neuroticismo , Qualidade de Vida , Ideação Suicida , Suicídio/psicologia
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