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1.
Top Curr Chem (Cham) ; 378(1): 3, 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31776710

RESUMO

Waste-derived materials have been gaining increased attention in recent years due to their great potential and environmentally friendly nature. Several contributions in the literature have covered the advances achieved so far in this area. Nonetheless, to the best of our knowledge, no review has been dedicated specifically to waste-derived or templated photocatalytic materials. Both photocatalysis and (bio)waste-inspired design yield materials of a remarkably green nature. Therefore, the partnership between them may open promising possibilities for both waste valorization and photocatalytic processes, which in turn will lead to sustainable development globally, with the potential for full utilization of renewable energy sources such as biomass and sunlight. Several photocatalytic waste-derived materials, synthetic procedures, and applications will be described throughout this work, including waste-derived/templated TiO2, ZnO, and metal sulfide materials. Special attention will be given to biomass-inspired carbonaceous materials, including carbon quantum dots and graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4).


Assuntos
Nitrilos/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Resíduos/análise , Catálise , Processos Fotoquímicos
2.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(80): 12040-12043, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531449

RESUMO

A visible light-induced self-powered sensor for the detection of tyrosinase activity was proposed. A tyrosinase-responsive photoelectrochemical-chemical redox cycling strategy was integrated with a photofuel cell for signal amplification.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/análise , Nanoestruturas/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Bismuto/química , Catálise , Catecóis/química , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Grafite/química , Hemina/química , Luz , Nitrilos/química , Oxirredução , Fosfinas/química , Sulfetos/química
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10587-10594, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497957

RESUMO

Inefficient usage and overdosage of conventional pesticide formulations has resulted in large economic losses and environmental pollution due to their poor water solubility and weak adhesion to foliage. In order to develop a green and efficient pesticide formulation, a kind of alkyd resin (AR) based on vegetable oil was first synthesized and used to fabricate the lambda-cyhalothrin/AR (LC/AR) nanoemulsion via in situ phase inverse emulsification, and its properties were then investigated. Results showed that the particle size of the LC/AR nanoemulsion was 50-150 nm with maximum LC loading capacity of as much as 40.9 wt %, high encapsulation efficiency >90%, and great stability in multiple environments. The LC/AR nanoemulsion exhibited better controlled release characteristics compared with LC commercial formulations, and a stronger adhesion on the foliage of the resulted nanoemulsion was also observed, which was attributed to low surface tension and strong interactions with foliar surfaces.


Assuntos
Preparações de Ação Retardada/química , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Nitrilos/química , Praguicidas/química , Piretrinas/química , Emulsões/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade
4.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(26): 6889-6897, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401668

RESUMO

Photoelectrochemical (PEC) sensor for sensitive detection of breast cancer biomarker human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) utilizing hexagonal carbon nitride tubes (HCNT) as photoactive material is reported. The detection is based on suppression of the PEC current intensity of the sensor. HCNT were synthesized via a facile hydrothermal method with large specific surface area and low electron-hole recombination. Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) were deposited onto the surface of the HCNT, which enhanced the photocurrent intensity of the HCNT by one time. For HER2 detection, peptide specific to HER2 was immobilized on the AuNPs surface for capturing HER2 molecules. The following binding of HER2 with HER2 aptamer and the reaction of phosphate groups on aptamer with molybdate can form molybdophosphate precipitate, which sticks to the surface of HCNT and impedes electron transport. Thus, photocurrent intensity of the sensor was suppressed. Under optimal conditions, the linear relationship between the PEC intensity and the logarithm of HER2 concentration was from 0.5 to 1 ng mL-1 with low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.08 pg mL-1. Furthermore, the PEC sensor also displayed capability for detecting HER2 in human serum samples. This PEC sensor signal detection strategy can be easily adapted to other PEC sensors involving DNA and find wide applications. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Nitrilos/química , Receptor ErbB-2/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Feminino , Ouro/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Peptídeos/química , Receptor ErbB-2/análise
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(67): 10019-10022, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378803

RESUMO

We report a facile hydrothermal method to synthesize a novel mesoporous graphitic carbon nitride (MCN)@NiCo2O4 nanocomposite, which can be used as a solid phase microextraction coating for high efficiency extraction and preconcentration of trace polychlorinated biphenyls and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in human serum samples.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/sangue , Nanocompostos/química , Nitrilos/química , Bifenilos Policlorados/sangue , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/sangue , Cobalto/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Níquel/química , Microextração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos
6.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(7): 699-706, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257325

RESUMO

In our search for novel orally active α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptor antagonists, we found that conversion of an allyl group in the lead compound 2-[allyl(4-methylphenyl)amino]-4H-pyrido[3,2-e][1,3]thiazin-4-one (4) to a 2-cyanoethyl group significantly increased inhibitory activity against AMPA receptor-mediated kainate-induced toxicity in rat hippocampal cultures. Here, we synthesized 10 analogs bearing a 2-cyanoethyl group and administered them to mice to evaluate their anticonvulsant activity in maximal electroshock (MES)- and pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizure tests, and their effects on motor coordination in a rotarod test. 3-{(4-Oxo-4H-pyrido[3,2-e][1,3]thiazin-2-yl)[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl]amino}propanenitrile (25) and 3-[(2,2-difluoro-2H-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)(4-oxo-4H-pyrido[3,2-e][1,3]thiazin-2-yl)amino]propanenitrile (27) exhibited potent anticonvulsant activity in both seizure tests and induced minor motor disturbances as indicated in the rotarod test. The protective index values of 25 and 27 for MES-induced seizures (10.7 and 12.0, respectively) and PTZ-induced seizures (6.0 and 5.6, respectively) were considerably higher compared with those of YM928 (5) and talampanel (1).


Assuntos
Anticonvulsivantes/síntese química , Nitrilos/química , Receptores de AMPA/antagonistas & inibidores , Administração Oral , Animais , Anticonvulsivantes/farmacologia , Anticonvulsivantes/uso terapêutico , Hipocampo/citologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Locomoção/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Nitrilos/uso terapêutico , Pentilenotetrazol/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Receptores de AMPA/metabolismo , Convulsões/induzido quimicamente , Convulsões/tratamento farmacológico , Convulsões/veterinária , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
7.
Nature ; 571(7766): 546-549, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292542

RESUMO

Amide bond formation is one of the most important reactions in both chemistry and biology1-4, but there is currently no chemical method of achieving α-peptide ligation in water that tolerates all of the 20 proteinogenic amino acids at the peptide ligation site. The universal genetic code establishes that the biological role of peptides predates life's last universal common ancestor and that peptides played an essential part in the origins of life5-9. The essential role of sulfur in the citric acid cycle, non-ribosomal peptide synthesis and polyketide biosynthesis point towards thioester-dependent peptide ligations preceding RNA-dependent protein synthesis during the evolution of life5,9-13. However, a robust mechanism for aminoacyl thioester formation has not been demonstrated13. Here we report a chemoselective, high-yielding α-aminonitrile ligation that exploits only prebiotically plausible molecules-hydrogen sulfide, thioacetate12,14 and ferricyanide12,14-17 or cyanoacetylene8,14-to yield α-peptides in water. The ligation is extremely selective for α-aminonitrile coupling and tolerates all of the 20 proteinogenic amino acid residues. Two essential features enable peptide ligation in water: the reactivity and pKaH of α-aminonitriles makes them compatible with ligation at neutral pH and N-acylation stabilizes the peptide product and activates the peptide precursor to (biomimetic) N-to-C peptide ligation. Our model unites prebiotic aminonitrile synthesis and biological α-peptides, suggesting that short N-acyl peptide nitriles were plausible substrates during early evolution.


Assuntos
Evolução Química , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/síntese química , Origem da Vida , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/síntese química , Água/química , Acetileno/análogos & derivados , Acetileno/química , Dipeptídeos/síntese química , Dipeptídeos/química , Ferricianetos/química , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Oxirredução , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Sulfetos/química
8.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 411(23): 6049-6056, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31280477

RESUMO

As an important glycoprotein of the lectin family, soybean agglutinin (SBA) is an anti-nutritional factor with considerable toxic and side effects and plays a significant role in tumor analysis. In order to achieve the sensitive detection of SBA, a sandwich-structured electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was constructed using carboxylated carbon nitride (C-g-C3N4) as luminophore and D-galactosamine (galM) as a recognition element. A glassy carbon electrode (GCE) was modified with Au nanoparticles (Au NPs) for capturing the galM via Au-N bond, and further capturing the target SBA by specific recognition between galM and SBA. In the presence of SBA, the composite C-g-C3N4-galM was immobilized onto the electrode. With the increase in the concentration of SBA, the ECL signal from C-g-C3N4 increased, thus achieving a signal-on detection of SBA. The linear range of the biosensor was 1.0 ng/mL~10 µg/mL and detection limit for SBA was as low as 0.33 ng/mL. In this construction strategy, C-g-C3N4 not only acted as an excellent signal probe, but also as an immobilization matrix to easily achieve a high loading of the small molecule recognition element galM. This strategy provides a simple alternative SBA detection platform. Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Galactosamina/química , Grafite/química , Substâncias Luminescentes/química , Nitrilos/química , Lectinas de Plantas/análise , Proteínas de Soja/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Medições Luminescentes/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Lectinas de Plantas/sangue , Proteínas de Soja/sangue
9.
Eur J Med Chem ; 180: 1-14, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288149

RESUMO

SAR studies on bicalutamide, enobosarm and enzalutamide analogues, functionalised with polyfluorinated groups, is presented. Among the novel bicalutamide and enobosarm derivatives synthesised, several displayed significantly improved in vitro anticancer activity, with IC50 values in the low micromolar range against four different prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, VCaP, DU-145 and 22Rv1), showing up to 48-fold increase in comparison with the parent structures. In particular, SF5 enobosarm analogues were found to be most potent compounds, full AR antagonists and with favourable ADME properties. The most promising compound (48a) was evaluated for its in vivo efficacy in PC xenograft mouse model (22Rv1) with results comparable to the standard-of-care docetaxel.


Assuntos
Anilidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Tosil/farmacologia , Anilidas/síntese química , Anilidas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Células CHO , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cricetulus , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/antagonistas & inibidores , Canais de Potássio Éter-A-Go-Go/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/química , Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Estrutura Molecular , Neoplasias Experimentais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Experimentais/patologia , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/química , Feniltioidantoína/síntese química , Feniltioidantoína/química , Feniltioidantoína/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Compostos de Sulfidrila/química , Compostos de Sulfidrila/farmacologia , Compostos de Tosil/síntese química , Compostos de Tosil/química
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(62): 9160-9163, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31304937

RESUMO

The rational design of heteroatom-doped C3N4 offers a great opportunity to optimize C3N4 performance. In this communication, we propose a facile method to fabricate layered-stacked B-doped C3N4 (BCN-800) ultrathin nanosheets via a one-step calcination route. The distinctive layered-stacked structure and the presence of B atoms provide an active attachment point for antibodies and antigens. In addition, the presence of C and N might aid stability and increase conductivity. When used for vomitoxin detection, the BCN-800-based electrochemical biosensor exhibits high sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.32 pg mL-1 and superior selectivity to other interfering agents.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Boro/química , Ácidos Borônicos/química , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Inocuidade dos Alimentos/métodos , Nitrilos/síntese química , Tricotecenos/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Nitrilos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
11.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 157: 1-12, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153457

RESUMO

The use of neurotoxic chemical insecticides has led to consequences against the environment, insect resistances and side-effects on non-target organisms. In this context, we developed a novel strategy to optimize insecticide efficacy while reducing doses. It is based on nanoencapsulation of a pyrethroid insecticide, deltamethrin, used as synergistic agent, combined with a non-encapsulated oxadiazine (indoxacarb). In this case, the synergistic agent is used to increase insecticide efficacy by activation of calcium-dependant intracellular signaling pathways involved in the regulation of the membrane target of insecticides. In contrast to permethrin (pyrethroid type I), we report that deltamethrin (pyrethroid type II) produces an increase in intracellular calcium concentration in insect neurons through the reverse Na/Ca exchanger. The resulting intracellular calcium rise rendered voltage-gated sodium channels more sensitive to lower concentration of the indoxacarb metabolite DCJW. Based on these findings, in vivo studies were performed on the cockroach Periplaneta americana and mortality rates were measured at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after treatments. Comparative studies of the toxicity between indoxacarb alone and indoxacarb combined with deltamethrin or nanoencapsulated deltamethrin (LNC-deltamethrin), indicated that LNC-deltamethrin potentiated the effect of indoxacarb. We also demonstrated that nanoencapsulation protected deltamethrin from esterase-induced enzymatic degradation and led to optimize indoxacarb efficacy while reducing doses. Moreover, our results clearly showed the benefit of using LNC-deltamethrin rather than piperonyl butoxide and deltamethrin in combination commonly used in formulation. This innovative strategy offers promise for increasing insecticide efficacy while reducing both doses and side effects on non-target organisms.


Assuntos
Cálcio/metabolismo , Inseticidas/química , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Nanocápsulas/química , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Oxazinas/química , Oxazinas/farmacologia , Piretrinas/química , Piretrinas/farmacologia , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Baratas , Masculino , Estrutura Molecular , Periplaneta/efeitos dos fármacos , Trocador de Sódio e Cálcio/metabolismo
12.
Chemistry ; 25(43): 10188-10196, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192495

RESUMO

The fabrication of carbon dots and their doped forms by top-down chemical cleavage has attracted considerable attention in the efforts to meet the increasing demands for optoelectronic applications ranging from biosensing to electro- and photocatalysis. However, due to strong quantum confinement effects, the size decrease often leads to an increase in the band gap, even in the emission of deep-ultraviolet (DUV) light, which greatly limits their applications. Here, we report a facile hot-tailoring strategy for fabricating carbon nitride nanodots (CNDs) with redshifted intrinsic photoluminescent (PL) emission, compared with the pristine bulk precursor. It has been found that the different leaving abilities of the C,N-containing groups during the pyrolysis stage and the chemical passivation during the liquid-collection stage played vital roles. Due to the redshifted photoluminescence and other attractive features, the as-obtained CNDs were successfully applied in visual double text encryption with higher security and also in bioimaging with photostability superior to traditional dyes. This work highlights the great potential of the hot-tailoring method in modulating carbon-based nanostructures and offsetting band-gap widening as the size decreases.


Assuntos
Nitrilos/química , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Microscopia Confocal , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Pirólise , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Raios Ultravioleta
13.
Adv Mater ; 31(33): e1901965, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237375

RESUMO

Antibacterial photocatalytic therapy has been reported as a promising alternative water disinfection technology for combating antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Numerous inorganic nanosystems have been developed as antibiotic replacements for bacterial infection treatment, but these are limited due to the toxicity risk of heavy metal species. Organic semiconductor photocatalytic materials have attracted great attention due to their good biocompatibility, chemically tunable electronic structure, diverse structural flexibility, suitable band gap, low cost, and the abundance of the resources they require. An all-organic composite photocatalytic nanomaterial C3 N4 /perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide (PDINH) heterostructure is created through recrystallization of PDINH on the surface of C3 N4 in situ, resulting in enhanced photocatalytic efficiency due to the formation of a basal heterostructure. The absorption spectrum of this composite structure can be extended from ultraviolet to near-infrared light (750 nm), enhancing the photocatalytic effect to produce more reactive oxygen species, which have an excellent inactivation effect on both Gram-negative and positive bacteria, while demonstrating negligible toxicity to normal tissue cells. An efficient promotion of infectious wound regeneration in mice with Staphylococcus aureus infected dermal wounds is demonstrated. This all-organic heterostructure shows great promise for use in wound disinfection.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Imidas/química , Nitrilos/química , Perileno/análogos & derivados , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/química , Semicondutores , Animais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/toxicidade , Catálise , Sobrevivência Celular , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Luz , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Células NIH 3T3 , Nanoestruturas/química , Nitrilos/uso terapêutico , Nitrilos/toxicidade , Perileno/química , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/toxicidade , Porfirinas/uso terapêutico , Porfirinas/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cicatrização , Infecção dos Ferimentos/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção dos Ferimentos/microbiologia
14.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 82: 57-69, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133270

RESUMO

To improve the interfacial affinity and antifouling properties of polyphenylsulfone (PPSU) membrane, nano CuO/g-C3N4 (g-CN) sheets were synthesized via facile calcination route as one pot synthesis method. The uniformly assembled nanohybrid fillers, CuO on g-CN sheets were confirmed by using XRD, TEM, EDX and FTIR analysis. The non-solvent induced phase inversion technique was used to fabricate the nanohybrid ultrafiltration (UF) membranes by doping different concentration (0.5-1 wt.%) of nano CuO/g-C3N4 (g-CN) sheets within the PPSU matrix. The results of contact angle, atomic force microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy reveal that surface structure and physico-chemical properties of nanohybrid membrane plays lead role in solute interaction and rejection compared to bare membrane, M0. Furthermore, the interfacial affinity of membrane was explored in detail via surface free energy, spreading coefficient, wetting tension and reversible work of adhesion analysis. Nanohybrid UF membrane, with 0.5% of the filler (M1) displayed remarkable permeation flux of 202, 131 L/m2/hr for pure water and protein solution, respectively while maintaining a high protein rejection (96%). Moreover, the exceptional dispersion of the nanosheets in the polymer matrix enhanced FRR (79%) and decreased the overall resistance of M1 compared to the pristine membrane (M0). Overall results suggest that the incorporation of nano sheets is a facile modification technique which improves the comprehensive membrane performance and holds a great potential to be further explored for water treatment.


Assuntos
Ultrafiltração/métodos , Purificação da Água/métodos , Cobre/química , Grafite/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Membranas Artificiais , Nanocompostos/química , Nitrilos/química , Polímeros/química
15.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(5): 410-418, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31061365

RESUMO

2,4,5-Trichloro-6-((2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)amino)isophthalonitrile (SYD007) is a small molecule compound that was synthesized according to the structure of diarylamine. In this study, we evaluated the anti-bladder activities of SYD007, and determined its cytotoxic mechanism. We found that SYD007 exerted cytotoxicity to bladder cancer cells. Furthermore, SYD007 induced bladder cancer cell early apoptosis and arrested cell cycle. Mechanistically, SYD007 suppressed phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3) (Tyr705) level in parallel with increases of p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p-AKT. SYD007 significantly inhibited insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-induced STAT3 activation through down-regulation of total IGF-1R level. No dramatic changes in IGF-1R mRNA levels were observed in SYD007-treated cells, suggesting that SYD007 acted primarily at a posttranscriptional level. Using molecular docking analysis, SYD007 was identified as an IGF-1R inhibitor. In summary, we reported that SYD007 exerted anti-bladder activities, and these effects were partially due to inhibition of IGF-1R/STAT3 signaling.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Nitrilos/farmacologia , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de Somatomedina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Bexiga Urinária/efeitos dos fármacos , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Nitrilos/síntese química , Nitrilos/química , Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo , Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
16.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 219: 576-581, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31085436

RESUMO

Reported here is a novel ratiometric and colorimetric fluorescent probe 1 for hypochlorite based on cyanobiphenyl and diaminomaleonitrile. This probe 1 was designed based on the mechanism that ClO- selectively cleaved the hydrazone bond (-C=N-) in this probe and released the fluorophore, 3`-formyl-4`-hydroxy-4-biphenylcarbonitrile. The addition of ClO- to the solution of probe 1 resulted in a very large blue-shift in both fluorescence (107 nm) spectra and an obvious fluorescence color change from red to green. Furthermore, this probe displays a rapid response (30 s) and a low detection limit (3.34 × 10-7 M, based on LOD = 3σ/slope) in detecting ClO-. Importantly, practical utility of this probe for the selective detection of ClO- in living cells has been successfully demonstrated, illustrating the great potential for biological analysis. Additionally, the probe 1 was also successfully applied to the detection of ClO- in real water sample.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Nitrilos/química , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Colorimetria , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Imagem Óptica , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Água/análise
17.
Molecules ; 24(9)2019 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071946

RESUMO

This work incorporates a variety of conjugated donor-acceptor (DA) co-monomers such as 2,6-diaminopurine (DP) into the structure of a polymeric carbon nitride (PCN) backbone using a unique nanostructure co-polymerization strategy and examines its photocatalytic activity performance in the field of photocatalytic CO2 reduction to CO and H2 under visible light irradiation. The as-synthesized samples were successfully analyzed using different characterization methods to explain their electronic and optical properties, crystal phase, microstructure, and their morphology that influenced the performance due to the interactions between the PCN and the DPco-monomer. Based on the density functional theory (DFT) calculation result, pure PCN and CNU-DP15.0 trimers (interpreted as incorporation of the co-monomer at two different positions) were extensively evaluated and exhibited remarkable structural optimization without the inclusion of any symmetry constraints (the non-modified sample derived from urea, named as CNU), and their optical and electronic properties were also manipulated to control occupation of their respective highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO). Also, co-polymerization of the donor-acceptor 2,6-diamino-purine co-monomer with PCN influenced the chemical affinities, polarities, and acid-base functions of the PCN, remarkably enhancing the photocatalytic activity for the production of CO and H2 from CO2 by 15.02-fold compared than that of the parental CNU, while also improving the selectivity.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Carbono/química , Elétrons , Luz , Nitrilos/química , Polímeros/química , Adsorção , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Eletroquímica , Nitrogênio/química , Oxirredução , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Difração de Raios X
18.
J Chromatogr A ; 1601: 35-44, 2019 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31103201

RESUMO

In this research, a miniaturized version of matrix solid phase dispersion (MSPD) method was developed for successful extraction of five nitrotoluenes from soil samples. The terpene based deep eutectic solvent (DES) composed of borneol and DL-menthol was used simultaneously as extraction solvent and dispersing liquid. Graphitic-carbon nitride (g-C3N4) as sorbent was prepared by pyrolysis of melamine at a muffle furnace. The MSPD mixture was obtained by grinding soil, DES, and g-C3N4. Minimum amount of acetonitrile was used in the elution step. Some experimental variables including type and volume of DES, type of dispersant, mass ratio of dispersant to sample, volume of elution solvent, grinding time, and ultrasonication time were evaluated. Analysis of extracted samples was performed by high performance liquid chromatography-ultra violet detection. Under the optimized conditions; the limits of detection were achieved in the range of 0.12-0.33 µg g-1, and the relative standard deviations were equal to or lower than 9.3%. The extraction recoveries were ranged from 78 to 96%. This straightforward and fast method is effective for environmentally friendly extraction of nitrotoluenes from soil samples.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Solo/química , Tolueno , Estudos de Viabilidade , Limite de Detecção , Nitrilos/química , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/isolamento & purificação , Solventes/química , Tolueno/análise , Tolueno/isolamento & purificação
19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(43): 6002-6005, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041951

RESUMO

Electronic migration can be tailored by carefully manipulating the local electron donating and withdrawing nature of carbon nitride for charge separation and red-shift emission. A high yield of H2 (5 mmol h-1 g-1) with an apparent quantum yield of 20.98% at 420 nm and a preliminary study on phototherapy by labeling cell membranes are simultaneously provided.


Assuntos
Nitrilos/química , Processos Fotoquímicos , Fototerapia , Catálise , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Espectroscopia Fotoeletrônica
20.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci ; 1118-1119: 203-209, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31059927

RESUMO

A convenient, simple, selective and reliable method was established for separating diclazuril enantiomers and detecting their residues in chicken edible tissues by using high-performance liquid chromatography. The potential effects of chiral column, mobile phase and column temperature on chiral separation of racemic diclazuril were evaluated. Average recovery rates of R-diclazuril and S-diclazuril in three spiking levels ranged from 84.3% to 109.5%, and the relative standard deviations were <15.8%. The limits of quantification of two enantiomers were all 25 ng g-1 in all chicken tissues. The method proposed was successfully applied to monitor distributions and residue elimination of diclazuril enantiomers in chicken muscle, liver, kidney and fat following oral administration. There are no obvious differences (p > 0.05) between R-diclazuril and S-diclazuril in the same tissue for each sampling time. The elimination rates in liver were the fastest and the residual time in kidney was the longest. These results can help further evaluate pharmokinetics, pharmodynamics and toxicity of each enantiomer of diclazuril in food-producing animals.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Carne/análise , Nitrilos/análise , Triazinas/análise , Animais , Galinhas , Resíduos de Drogas/química , Resíduos de Drogas/farmacocinética , Limite de Detecção , Modelos Lineares , Nitrilos/química , Nitrilos/farmacocinética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estereoisomerismo , Distribuição Tecidual , Triazinas/química , Triazinas/farmacocinética
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