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1.
Epidemiol Health ; 42: e2020001, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The incidence of multimorbidity (MM) and its correlates among older adults remain poorly understood. This study aimed to examine the socio-demographic and lifestyle factors associated with MM in New Zealand. METHODS: People aged 55-70 years were invited to participate in a population-based cohort study, the Health Work and Retirement Study, in 2006. Those who accepted the invitation and completed the baseline questionnaire were followed up on a biennial basis. Data on socio-demographic factors, health and lifestyle behaviours, and diagnoses of chronic diseases were obtained from baseline and 6 waves of follow-up. Generalised estimating equations (GEE) adjusted for both time-constant and time-varying factors were used to model factors associated with the onset of MM. RESULTS: A total of 1,673 participants (with 0 or 1 chronic condition) contributed to an overall 8,616 person-years of observation. There were 590 new cases of MM over 10 years of follow-up, corresponding to an overall incidence of 68.5 per 1,000 person-years. The results of the age- and sex-adjusted GEE analysis showed that age, ethnicity, living alone, obesity, hypertension, and having 1 chronic condition at baseline were significant predictors of MM onset. Higher education, income, physical activity, and regular alcohol consumption were protective factors. In a fully adjusted model, marital status (odds ratio [OR], 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 1.37; p=0.039), hypertension (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.02 to 1.48; p=0.032) and having 1 chronic condition at baseline (OR, 2.92; 95% CI, 2.33 to 3.67; p<0.001) remained significant. CONCLUSIONS: The higher incidence of MM among Maori people, socioeconomically disadvantaged groups, those with low physical activity, and obese individuals highlights the importance of targeted prevention strategies.


Assuntos
Multimorbidade , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
2.
Forensic Sci Int ; 307: 110107, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951949

RESUMO

New psychoactive substances have emerged as a vast and diverse group of illicit drugs over the past decade, with synthetic cannabinoids comprising the largest of the categories. Commonly, a single synthetic cannabinoid is applied to plant material, creating a product that is designed to be smoked by the user. The clandestine preparation process can result in an unevenly distributed product, with varying concentration within and between plant materials. This investigation describes the novel co-detection of the synthetic cannabinoid AMB-FUBINACA, with the piperazine para-fluorophenylpiperazine (pFPP), in a number of plant material samples analysed in New Zealand in 2017. Of 157 samples of plant material containing AMB-FUBINACA, pFPP was detected in 55 of them. A range of pFPP concentrations was observed between the plant material samples, as well as intra-batch variation. The presence of both drugs may be designed to enhance, prolong or balance the psychoactive effects caused from smoking the plant material. However the intended purpose has not been verified. This is the first reported combination of a synthetic cannabinoid and a piperazine in plant material.


Assuntos
Canabinoides/análise , Indazóis/análise , Piperazinas/análise , Plantas/química , Psicotrópicos/análise , Valina/análogos & derivados , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Valina/análise
3.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(1): 50-55, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123055

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Higher rates of neonatal morbidity and mortality at term combined with earlier spontaneous delivery have led to the hypothesis that babies born to South Asian born (SA-born) women may mature earlier and/or their placental function decreases earlier than babies born to Australian and New Zealand born (Aus/NZ-born) women. Whether babies born to SA-born women do better in the preterm period, however, has yet to be evaluated. In this study we investigated respiratory outcomes, indicative of functional maturity, of preterm babies born to SA-born women compared with those of Aus/NZ-born women to explore this hypothesis further. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This retrospective cohort study was conducted at Monash Health. PATIENTS: Data were collected from neonatal and birth records of moderate-late preterm (32-36 weeks) infants born between 2012 and 2015 to SA-born and Aus/NZ-born women. OUTCOME MEASURES: Rates of nursery admissions and neonatal respiratory outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Babies born to Aus/NZ-born women were more likely to be admitted to a nursery (80%) compared with SA-born babies (72%, p=0.004). Babies born to SA-born mothers experienced significantly less hyaline membrane disease (7.8%), required less resuscitation at birth (28.6%) and were less likely to require ventilation (20%) than babies born to Aus/NZ-born mothers (18%, 42.2%, 34.6%; p<0.001). There was no difference in the duration of ventilation or length of stay in hospital. CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-late preterm babies born to SA-born women appear to have earlier functional maturity, as indicated by respiratory outcomes, than Aus/NZ-born babies. Our findings support the hypothesis of earlier fetal maturation in SA-born women.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Doença da Membrana Hialina/epidemiologia , Nascimento Prematuro , Ressuscitação/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Ásia Sudeste/etnologia , Austrália , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Neonatal , Mães , Nova Zelândia , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidado Pré-Natal , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed ; 105(1): 4-7, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666312

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of data about normal blood metabolite concentrations in healthy babies, in part because of a reluctance to undertake non-therapeutic invasive testing in newborns. The Glucose in Well Babies study (GLOW) sought to describe blood glucose, lactate and beta-hydroxybutyrate concentrations in healthy term babies over the first 5 postnatal days. We also sought to understand both parents' experience of participation in this invasive non-therapeutic study. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Eligible babies were healthy, term, appropriately grown singletons born in a birthing centre, hospital or home within the greater Hamilton area and then discharged home. Babies had subcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring placed soon after birth, up to 14 heel-prick blood samples, twice-daily home visits and parents were asked to record all feeds. At study completion, both parents were asked to independently complete a questionnaire about their experience. RESULTS: All eligible babies completed the study and every parent completed the questionnaire (65 fathers, 66 mothers). Parents reported they liked contributing to improving healthcare (126/131, 96%) and support from the GLOW team (119/131, 91%). Nearly all (127/131, 97%) would participate in GLOW again if they had another eligible baby, and all would recommend GLOW to family and friends. Two-thirds of parents (87/131, 66%) reported that participation had made them more likely to contribute to clinical research in the future. CONCLUSIONS: Non-therapeutic studies involving invasive procedures in healthy term babies are feasible, and parents were positive about their experience.


Assuntos
Ácido 3-Hidroxibutírico/sangue , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Glicemia/análise , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Experimentação Humana não Terapêutica , Pais , Adulto , Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Feminino , Enfermagem Domiciliar , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica , Nova Zelândia , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1105): 20190340, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596121

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare key characteristics of interventional radiology (IR) training in the UK with four other English-speaking countries (USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand) and summarise requirements for training. METHODS: Main features examined were career pathway and requirements, examinations required, specific competition for IR and the process of applying for training as an international medical graduate. Data were collected from official governing body publications, literature and personal experience. RESULTS: Several differences were highlighted, including length of training (ranging from 6 to 9 years after medical school), length of IR-specific training (ranging from 1 to 3 years) and examinations required (USA and Canada have additional IR-specific examinations). The level of competition is generally high, in all countries. CONCLUSIONS: With the demand for IR services set to increase over the next few years, it is crucial that more IR specialists are trained to meet this demand. Awareness of training structures in other countries can highlight opportunity and pitfalls, and help ensure the number of highly trained interventional radiologists in the UK continues to grow.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Radiologia Intervencionista/educação , Austrália , Canadá , Escolha da Profissão , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
6.
BJOG ; 127(1): 47-56, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in pregnancy in Australia and New Zealand (A&NZ). DESIGN: Prospective population-based study. SETTING: Hospital-based maternity units throughout A&NZ. POPULATION: Pregnant women with RHD with a birth outcome of ≥20 weeks of gestation between January 2013 and December 2014. METHODS: We identified eligible women using the Australasian Maternity Outcomes Surveillance System (AMOSS). De-identified antenatal, perinatal and postnatal data were collected and analysed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence of RHD in pregnancy. Perinatal morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: There were 311 pregnancies associated with women with RHD (4.3/10 000 women giving birth, 95% CI 3.9-4.8). In Australia, 78% were Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander (60.4/10 000, 95% CI 50.7-70.0), while in New Zealand 90% were Maori or Pasifika (27.2/10 000, 95% CI 22.0-32.3). One woman (0.3%) died and one in ten was admitted to coronary or intensive care units postpartum. There were 314 births with seven stillbirths (22.3/1000 births) and two neonatal deaths (6.5/1000 births). Sixty-six (21%) live-born babies were preterm and one in three was admitted to neonatal intensive care or special care units. CONCLUSION: Rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy persists in disadvantaged First Nations populations in A&NZ. It is associated with significant cardiac and perinatal morbidity. Preconception planning and counselling and RHD screening in at-risk pregnant women are essential for good maternal and baby outcomes. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Rheumatic heart disease in pregnancy persists in First Nations people in Australia and New Zealand and is associated with major cardiac and perinatal morbidity.


Assuntos
Complicações Cardiovasculares na Gravidez/etnologia , Cardiopatia Reumática/etnologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Renda , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Nova Zelândia/etnologia , Northern Territory/epidemiologia , Northern Territory/etnologia , Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos/etnologia , Paridade , Gravidez , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Lancet ; 394(10215): 2165-2172, 2019 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813635

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whole breast irradiation delivered once per day over 3-5 weeks after breast conserving surgery reduces local recurrence with good cosmetic results. Accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) delivered over 1 week to the tumour bed was developed to provide a more convenient treatment. In this trial, we investigated if external beam APBI was non-inferior to whole breast irradiation. METHODS: We did this multicentre, randomised, non-inferiority trial in 33 cancer centres in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Women aged 40 years or older with ductal carcinoma in situ or node-negative breast cancer treated by breast conserving surgery were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive either external beam APBI (38·5 Gy in ten fractions delivered twice per day over 5-8 days) or whole breast irradiation (42·5 Gy in 16 fractions once per day over 21 days, or 50 Gy in 25 fractions once per day over 35 days). Patients and clinicans were not masked to treatment assignment. The primary outcome was ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence (IBTR), analysed by intention to treat. The trial was designed on the basis of an expected 5 year IBTR rate of 1·5% in the whole breast irradiation group with 85% power to exclude a 1·5% increase in the APBI group; non-inferiority was shown if the upper limit of the two-sided 90% CI for the IBTR hazard ratio (HR) was less than 2·02. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT00282035. FINDINGS: Between Feb 7, 2006, and July 15, 2011, we enrolled 2135 women. 1070 were randomly assigned to receive APBI and 1065 were assigned to receive whole breast irradiation. Six patients in the APBI group withdrew before treatment, four more did not receive radiotherapy, and 16 patients received whole breast irradiation. In the whole breast irradiation group, 16 patients withdrew, and two more did not receive radiotherapy. In the APBI group, a further 14 patients were lost to follow-up and nine patients withdrew during the follow-up period. In the whole breast irradiation group, 20 patients were lost to follow-up and 35 withdrew during follow-up. Median follow-up was 8·6 years (IQR 7·3-9·9). The 8-year cumulative rates of IBTR were 3·0% (95% CI 1·9-4·0) in the APBI group and 2·8% (1·8-3·9) in the whole breast irradiation group. The HR for APBI versus whole breast radiation was 1·27 (90% CI 0·84-1·91). Acute radiation toxicity (grade ≥2, within 3 months of radiotherapy start) occurred less frequently in patients treated with APBI (300 [28%] of 1070 patients) than whole breast irradiation (484 [45%] of 1065 patients, p<0·0001). Late radiation toxicity (grade ≥2, later than 3 months) was more common in patients treated with APBI (346 [32%] of 1070 patients) than whole breast irradiation (142 [13%] of 1065 patients; p<0·0001). Adverse cosmesis (defined as fair or poor) was more common in patients treated with APBI than in those treated by whole breast irradiation at 3 years (absolute difference, 11·3%, 95% CI 7·5-15·0), 5 years (16·5%, 12·5-20·4), and 7 years (17·7%, 12·9-22·3). INTERPRETATION: External beam APBI was non-inferior to whole breast irradiation in preventing IBTR. Although less acute toxicity was observed, the regimen used was associated with an increase in moderate late toxicity and adverse cosmesis, which might be related to the twice per day treatment. Other approaches, such as treatment once per day, might not adversely affect cosmesis and should be studied. FUNDING: Canadian Institutes for Health Research and Canadian Breast Cancer Research Alliance.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Carcinoma in Situ/radioterapia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/radioterapia , Idoso , Austrália , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Canadá , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Carcinoma Ductal de Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia Segmentar , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Nova Zelândia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
8.
Environ Monit Assess ; 191(12): 780, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31786680

RESUMO

Mangrove sediments are strong modulators of organic matter (OM) content and pollutant dynamics, acting both as sinks and sources of these components. This study aimed to assess temporal dynamics of OM within temperate mangrove sediments and their ability to sequester pollutants. Specifically, levels of trace metals (Fe, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd) and a metalloid (As) were examined within mangrove and mudflat sediments located in a high-energy environment in Mangawhai Harbour Estuary, northern New Zealand. Sediment cores were collected from a mangrove stand and adjacent mudflats at three sediment depths during different months over a year. Variations in OM and elements were compared to rainfall and temperature patterns observed during the sampling period. All element concentrations, except for those of As, were significantly higher in mangrove compared to mudflat sediments during the entire sampling period. This is consistent with the well-reported ability of mangroves to trap suspended particles and OM. In addition, we observed a decreasing trend in trace metal concentrations with increasing sediment depth within mangrove habitat, which correlated well with decreasing OM content. Our results also suggested that most elements had different, but significant, temporal variations throughout the year, especially in mangrove sediments. Overall, the concentrations of Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, and As in mangrove sediments increased during summer, whereas maximum levels of Fe and OM were observed in winter. This temporal pattern was determined to be related to OM and redox cycling as a result of changes in effluent input rates and physical/chemical environments during different seasons.


Assuntos
Monitoramento Ambiental , Estuários , Sedimentos Geológicos , Metaloides , Metais Pesados , Oligoelementos , Sedimentos Geológicos/química , Metaloides/análise , Metais Pesados/análise , Nova Zelândia , Estações do Ano , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Public Health ; 176: 133-141, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796166

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify priority social factors contributing to indigenous cardiometabolic diseases. STUDY DESIGN: A three-round Delphi process was used to consolidate and compare the opinions of 60 experts in indigenous cardiometabolic health from Australia, New Zealand and the United States. METHODS: Round one: three open-ended questions: (i) historical, (ii) economic and (iii) sociocultural factor contributors to cardiometabolic disease risk. Round two: a structured questionnaire based on the results from the first round; items were ranked according to perceived importance. Final round: the items were reranked after receiving the summary feedback. RESULTS: Several key findings were identified: (i) an important historical factor is marginalisation and disempowerment; (ii) in terms of economic and sociocultural factors, the panellists came to the consensus that the socio-economic status and educational inequalities are important; and (iii) while consensus was not reached, economic and educational factors were also perceived to be historically influential. CONCLUSION: These findings support the need for multilevel health promotion policy. For example, tackling financial barriers that limit the access to health-promoting resources, combined with improving literacy skills to permit understanding of health education.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doenças Metabólicas/prevenção & controle , Grupos Populacionais , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Austrália , Consenso , Consultores , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
10.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 7-10, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851656

RESUMO

At the present time there are continuing debates on the legal status of cannabis in New Zealand. Many of these debates have not given sufficient consideration to evidence concerning cannabis-related harm, much of which has been gathered here in New Zealand by the Christchurch Health and Development Study (CHDS) and the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study (DMHDS). We present a summary of this evidence, and recommendations for a cautious path forward for changing cannabis laws in New Zealand that aims at reducing cannabis-related harm.


Assuntos
Uso da Maconha/efeitos adversos , Uso da Maconha/legislação & jurisprudência , Acidentes , Cannabis , Depressão , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Gestão de Riscos
11.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 11-20, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851657

RESUMO

AIM: Unnecessary treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria is a concern. Hutt Valley District Health Board sought to reduce clinically inappropriate urine culture requests through removal of urine dipsticks from wards and education of staff using Choosing Wisely principles. The purpose of this research is to quantitatively evaluate the success of these initiatives. METHODS: The numbers and results of urine cultures performed for Hutt Valley DHB were analysed, for the period from January 2015 to October 2017. Urinalyses were compared between those designated as 'inpatient' and those as 'outpatient', with the latter being the control of this study. The numbers of primary and secondary coded discharge diagnoses of UTIs were used as a measure of the negative impact of the interventions. RESULTS: There was a 28% reduction in monthly urine culture requests for inpatients, after staff education and removal of urine dipsticks, with no change in those for outpatients (the negative control). After the intervention, a higher proportion of urine cultures were positive for urinary pathogens (25.2% compared to 23.0%) and the average number of diagnoses of UTI in hospital discharges decreased 17% (from 161 to 134). CONCLUSION: The removal of urine dipsticks from wards and the education of staff significantly reduced the number of urine culture requests and is a useful strategy to reduce the overuse of antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria without an increase in the number of UTIs. These simple interventions could be used at other hospitals as part of measures to reduce unnecessary care and overdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Sobremedicalização/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Desnecessários/estatística & dados numéricos , Urinálise/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Sobremedicalização/economia , Sobremedicalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Nova Zelândia , Procedimentos Desnecessários/economia , Urinálise/economia , Urinálise/métodos , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia
12.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 21-27, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urinalysis performed by dipstick testing is an aid to diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTI), and a tool in selecting patients who require urine culture and antibiotic treatment. Previous studies have demonstrated that UTI, especially in the elderly, are over-diagnosed and over-treated. We sought to study the pattern and yield of urinalysis and urine culture at our service in a tertiary institution. METHODS: A convenience sampling method was utilised to prospectively collect clinical data, through a pre-designed pro forma, from patients admitted to the General Medicine service at Christchurch Hospital between March and June 2016. RESULTS: The study included 395 patients, with a median age of 76 (range 15-100 years). The presence of urinary tract symptoms was documented in 94 patients (24%) and a non-specific syndrome of elevated temperature, confusion or subjective feverishness in 69 (17%). In symptomatic patients, 121 (74%) had a dipstick performed and 104 (86%) urine samples cultured. In the remaining patients, 181 (78%) had a dipstick performed and 81 (35%) had a urine sample sent for culture. CONCLUSIONS: We found a large number of urine dipsticks is being ordered unnecessarily in asymptomatic patients. A more useful test is urine microscopy and culture that is done on symptomatic patients only following careful clinical evaluation. Performing 'routine' urinalysis in patients presenting a wide variety of symptoms may lead to unnecessary urine cultures and treatment of asymptomatic bacteriuria. Efforts to reduce unnecessary tests and antibiotic treatment are a vital component of diagnostic stewardship programmes.


Assuntos
Medicina Geral/estatística & dados numéricos , Urinálise/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia , Estudos Prospectivos , Procedimentos Desnecessários/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 28-37, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851659

RESUMO

AIM: Incomplete and incorrect documentation of adverse drug reactions (ADRs) can restrict prescribing choices resulting in suboptimal pharmaceutical care. This study aimed to examine the quality of information held within electronic systems in a hospital setting, to determine the preciseness of ADR documentation, and identify discrepancies where multiple electronic systems are utilised. METHOD: Over a four-week period, consecutive patients admitted to the general medical ward at the study hospital had their electronic profiles reviewed. Patient demographic information (de-identified), ADR history and discrepancies between information sources (as recorded in all electronic systems utilised at initial prescribing) were recorded and analysed. RESULTS: Over the four-week period, 332 patient profiles were reviewed, and over 1,200 alerts were identified and analysed (including duplicates of ADR reactions). Of these patients, 151 (45.5%) had at least one documented allergy or intolerance which generated 585 reactions, relating to 526 unique events. A further 151 (45.5%) were classified as having no known (drug) allergies or intolerances; however, 20 (15%) of these patients did have at least one allergy documented in at least one other electronic system. The remaining 30 (9%) patients were classified as having an unknown allergy status and of those nine had allergies documented in at least one other electronic system. Further, most systems contained information duplication, which had not been addressed during the admission process. CONCLUSION: ADR information was both imprecise and inaccurate, as multiple discrepancies between ADR information recorded in different electronic patient management systems were found to exist. Information sharing between systems needs to be prioritised in order to allow full, accurate and complete ADR information to be collected, stored and utilised; both to reduce current inadequacies and to allow optimal pharmaceutical care.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Notificação de Reações Adversas a Medicamentos/normas , Documentação/normas , Troca de Informação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
14.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 38-48, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851660

RESUMO

AIM: In New Zealand, there are sexually active adolescents who are using poor or no methods of contraception, and who do not intend to become pregnant. The most effective methods of contraception suitable to this population are long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods. A proactive LARC provision (PLP) programme has been proposed, and this study investigates whether such a model would be acceptable to adolescents. This study aims to determine how adolescents feel about a PLP programme. METHODS: We conducted four focus groups (FGs) of female adolescents at three high schools and one university residential college, with 32 participants in total. The data from these were analysed for themes using a general inductive thematic analysis approach. RESULTS: When asked how they felt about a PLP programme, the adolescents found the concept acceptable. This study identified misconceptions and myths around contraception in the adolescent population. The five identified themes were reproductive health fear, sex and body shame, adolescents' requirements for sexual health provision, barriers to contraception and sexual health knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents consider a PLP programme to be acceptable. More research is needed about the acceptability of an adolescent PLP programme in other groups, and the feasibility of such a programme.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Contracepção Reversível de Longo Prazo/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Nova Zelândia , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
N Z Med J ; 132(1488): 49-54, 2019 01 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851661

RESUMO

AIM: To describe disciplinary cases for inappropriate prescribing of drugs of dependence by doctors in New Zealand, 1997-2016. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of disciplinary decisions to describe characteristics of cases (setting, drugs, outcome) and doctors (sex, specialty, years since qualification). RESULTS: There were 25 disciplinary decisions involving 24 doctors. Disciplined doctors were mostly male (19;76%), working in general practice (19;76%), and older (mean 24 years in practice). Pharmacists were the most common source of notification to the authorities (6;24%); medical colleagues reported only four (16%). The alleged misconduct often involved behaviour in addition to inappropriate prescribing. In all cases the doctor was found guilty of professional misconduct. Penalties were severe: six doctors were removed from practice, 11 were suspended, and of the remainder all but one had restrictions on practice imposed. In many decisions there was no patient harm documented. CONCLUSION: Disciplinary cases for inappropriate prescribing of drugs of dependence by doctors in New Zealand are not common, but the consequences can be dire. The role of discipline in doctors with drug dependence is unclear.


Assuntos
Prescrição Inadequada , Médicos/legislação & jurisprudência , Padrões de Prática Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Má Conduta Profissional/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Humanos , Prescrição Inadequada/economia , Prescrição Inadequada/legislação & jurisprudência , Masculino , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias
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