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1.
Cell Prolif ; 53(7): e12809, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32557964

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Arecoline is the main bioactive substance extracted from Areca catechu L, which has cell, neural and genetic toxicity. The function of arecoline in reproductive system has not been well explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To investigate the toxic effects of arecoline on oocyte development, immunofluorescence staining, qPCR, Western blotting, sperm binding assays and in vitro fertilization were performed to evaluate oocyte meiosis competence and embryo development. RESULTS: Our data revealed that arecoline exposure disrupts actin filament dynamics, spindle assembly and kinetochore-microtubule attachment stability in mouse oocytes, leading to aneuploidy and oocyte meiosis arrest. In addition, arecoline treatment disturbs the distribution of mitochondria, reduces ATP production and increases the level of oxidative stress, which ultimately induces oocyte apoptosis. Supplementation with metformin, a medicine for type 2 diabetes in the clinic, partially alleviates these damages. CONCLUSIONS: Metformin has a protective effect on arecoline-induced mouse oocytes apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arecolina/farmacologia , Metformina/farmacologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Meiose/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
2.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235140, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to improved treatment, there is an increasing focus on the reproductive potential of survivors of childhood cancer. Cytotoxic chemotherapy accelerates the decline in the number of primordial follicles within the mammalian ovary at all ages, but effects on the developmental potential of remaining oocytes following prepubertal cancer treatment are unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether cyclophosphamide (CY) exposure in the prepubertal period in female mice influences ovarian function and the functional competence of oocytes in adulthood. METHODS: This study used Swiss albino mice as the experimental model. Female mice were treated with 200 mg/kg CY on either postnatal day 14 (CY14), 21 (CY21) or 28 (CY28) i.e at a prepubertal and 2 young postpubertal ages. At 14 weeks of life, ovarian function, functional competence of oocytes, and embryo quality were assessed. RESULTS: The number of primordial follicles decreased significantly in CY14 and CY21 groups compared to control (p < 0.01). The number of oocytes from superovulated was 8.5 ± 1.4, 24.1 ± 2.9 and 26.8 ± 2.1 in CY14, CY21 and CY28 respectively which was significantly lower than control (50.2 ± 3.2; p < 0.001). In vitro culture of CY14 embryos demonstrated only 55.4% blastocyst formation (p < 0.0001) and reduced ability of inner cell mass (ICM) to proliferate in vitro (p < 0.05) at 120 and 216 h post insemination respectively. On the other hand, ICM proliferation was unaltered in 2 young postpubertal ages. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate long-term effects on the developmental competence of oocytes exposed to CY in early but not adult life. These data provide a mechanism whereby long-term fertility can be impaired after chemotherapy exposure, despite the continuing presence of follicles within the ovary, and support the need for fertility preservation in prepubertal girls before alkylating agent exposure.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclofosfamida/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Reserva Ovariana/efeitos dos fármacos , Maturidade Sexual/fisiologia , Animais , Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/farmacologia , Blastocisto/citologia , Blastocisto/fisiologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Embrião de Mamíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Mamíferos/embriologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Feminino , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Fertilidade/fisiologia , Camundongos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/fisiologia , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Reserva Ovariana/fisiologia , Ovário/anatomia & histologia , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
3.
Nature ; 582(7812): 443-447, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499642

RESUMO

TWIK-related acid-sensitive potassium (TASK) channels-members of the two pore domain potassium (K2P) channel family-are found in neurons1, cardiomyocytes2-4 and vascular smooth muscle cells5, where they are involved in the regulation of heart rate6, pulmonary artery tone5,7, sleep/wake cycles8 and responses to volatile anaesthetics8-11. K2P channels regulate the resting membrane potential, providing background K+ currents controlled by numerous physiological stimuli12-15. Unlike other K2P channels, TASK channels are able to bind inhibitors with high affinity, exceptional selectivity and very slow compound washout rates. As such, these channels are attractive drug targets, and TASK-1 inhibitors are currently in clinical trials for obstructive sleep apnoea and atrial fibrillation16. In general, potassium channels have an intramembrane vestibule with a selectivity filter situated above and a gate with four parallel helices located below; however, the K2P channels studied so far all lack a lower gate. Here we present the X-ray crystal structure of TASK-1, and show that it contains a lower gate-which we designate as an 'X-gate'-created by interaction of the two crossed C-terminal M4 transmembrane helices at the vestibule entrance. This structure is formed by six residues (243VLRFMT248) that are essential for responses to volatile anaesthetics10, neurotransmitters13 and G-protein-coupled receptors13. Mutations within the X-gate and the surrounding regions markedly affect both the channel-open probability and the activation of the channel by anaesthetics. Structures of TASK-1 bound to two high-affinity inhibitors show that both compounds bind below the selectivity filter and are trapped in the vestibule by the X-gate, which explains their exceptionally low washout rates. The presence of the X-gate in TASK channels explains many aspects of their physiological and pharmacological behaviour, which will be beneficial for the future development and optimization of TASK modulators for the treatment of heart, lung and sleep disorders.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/química , Canais de Potássio de Domínios Poros em Tandem/antagonistas & inibidores , Canais de Potássio de Domínios Poros em Tandem/química , Anestésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Condutividade Elétrica , Feminino , Humanos , Ativação do Canal Iônico/efeitos dos fármacos , Modelos Moleculares , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Canais de Potássio de Domínios Poros em Tandem/genética , Canais de Potássio de Domínios Poros em Tandem/metabolismo , Xenopus laevis
4.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 201: 110826, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521368

RESUMO

As an effective feed additive in the livestock industry, olaquindox (OLA) has been widely used in domestic animal production. However, it is unclear whether OLA has negative effects on mammalian oocyte quality and fetal development. In this study, toxic effects of OLA were tested by intragastric gavage ICR mice with water, low-dose OLA (5 mg/kg/day), or high-dose OLA (60 mg/kg/day) for continuous 45 days. Results showed that high-dose OLA gavage severely affected the offspring birth and growth. Significantly, high-dose OLA impaired oocyte maturation and early embryo development, indicated by the decreased percentage of germinal vesicle breakdown, first polar body extrusion and blastocyst formation. Meanwhile, oxidative stress levels were increased in oocytes or ovaries, indexed by the increased levels of ROS, MDA, H2O2, NO, and decreased levels of GSH, SOD, CAT, GSH-Px and GSH-Rd. Furthermore, aberrant mitochondria distribution, defective spindle assembly, abnormal H3K4me2/H3K9me3 levels, increased DNA double-strand breaks and early apoptosis rate, were observed after high-dose OLA gavage. Taken together, our results for the first time illustrated that high-dose OLA gavage led to sub-fertility of females, which means that restricted utilization of OLA as feed additive should be considered.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Aditivos Alimentares/toxicidade , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinoxalinas/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Oócitos/patologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232759, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453737

RESUMO

SUMMARY: Reprogramming autologous adult cells to pluripotent cells allows for relatively safe cell replacement therapy. This can be achieved by nuclear transfer, cell fusion, or induced pluripotent stem cell technology However, the epigenetic memory of the cell is considered as a great challenge facing the complete reprograming of cells by these methods. Introducing oocyte-specific factors into differentiated cells may present a promising approach by mimicking cellular reprogramming during fertilization. METHODS: Human bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (hBM-MSCs) were cultured with different concentrations of human metaphase II (M II) oocyte extract (0.1, 1, 5, 10, 30 ng/µl). Reprogramming was assessed at various exposure times (1, 4, 7 days). Cells were tested for their proliferation rate, morphological changes, expression of pluripotency markers, expression of mesenchymal to epithelial transition markers, and mitochondrial rejuvenation. (mitochondrial localization, morphological changes, bioenergetics, transmembrane potential, and levels of reactive oxygen species, ROS). RESULTS: Treatment of human BM-MSCs with 10 ng/µl oocyte extract resulted in increased cell proliferation, which was associated with the upregulation of the pluripotency genes OCT-4, NANOG, and SOX-2 and a concomitant downregulation of mesenchymal-specific genes. MSCs exhibited small, immature round mitochondria with few swollen cristae localized proximal to the cell nucleus. This was accompanied by morphological cell changes, a metabolic shift towards oxidative phosphorylation, a high mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased ROS production. CONCLUSION: These data show that treatment with 10 ng/µl human MII-phase oocyte extract induced genetic and mitochondrial reprogramming of human BM-MSCs to a more embryonic phenotype.


Assuntos
Extratos Celulares/farmacologia , Reprogramação Celular/genética , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Reprogramação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Potenciais da Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Consumo de Oxigênio/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
6.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232629, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32365144

RESUMO

PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) play an important role in gametogenesis, fertility and embryonic development. The current study investigated the effect of different doses of pregnant mare serum gonadotrophin/human chorionic gonadotrophin (PMSG/hCG) and repeated ovarian stimulation (OS) on the expression of the Mili, Miwi, Mael, Tdrd1, Tdrd9, qnd Mitopld genes, which have crucial roles in the biogenesis and function of piRNAs. Here, we found that after treatment with 7.5 I.U. PMSG/hCG and two repeated rounds of OS, both the mRNA and protein levels of Tdrd9, Tdrd1 and Mael showed the greatest decrease in the ovarian tissue, but the plasma E2 levels showed the strongest increases (p<0.05). However, we found that the Mitopld, Miwi and Mili gene levels were decreased significantly after treatment with 12.5 I.U. PMSG/hCG. Our results suggested that exogenous gonadotropin administration leads to a significant decrease in the expression of the Mili, Miwi, Mael, Tdrd1, Tdrd9 and Mitopld genes, which are critically important in the piRNA pathway, and the changes in the expression levels of Tdrd9, Tdrd1 and Mael may be associated with plasma E2 levels. New comprehensive studies are needed to reduce the potential effects of OS on the piRNA pathway, which silences transposable elements and maintains genome integrity, and to contribute to the safety of OS.


Assuntos
Gonadotropina Coriônica/farmacologia , Estradiol/sangue , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Gonadotropinas/farmacologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Animais , Elementos de DNA Transponíveis , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Cavalos , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Indução da Ovulação , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
7.
Toxicology ; 439: 152466, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315717

RESUMO

Glyphosate is the most popular herbicide used in modern agriculture, and its use has been increasing substantially since its introduction. Accordingly, glyphosate exposure from food and water, the environment, and accidental and occupational venues has also increased. Recent studies have demonstrated a relationship between glyphosate exposure and a number of disorders such as cancer, immune and metabolic disorders, endocrine disruption, imbalance of intestinal flora, cardiovascular disease, and infertility; these results have given glyphosate a considerable amount of media and scientific attention. Notably, glyphosate is a powerful metal chelator, which could help explain some of its effects. Recently, our findings on 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid, another metal chelator, showed deterioration of oocyte quality. Here, to generalize, we investigated the effects of glyphosate (0 - 300 µM) on metaphase II mouse oocyte quality and embryo damage to obtain insight on its mechanisms of cellular action and the tolerance of oocytes and embryos towards this chemical. Our work shows for the first time that glyphosate exposure impairs metaphase II mouse oocyte quality via two mechanisms: 1) disruption of the microtubule organizing center and chromosomes such as anomalous pericentrin formation, spindle fiber destruction and disappearance, and defective chromosomal alignment and 2) substantial depletion of intracellular zinc bioavailability and enhancement of reactive oxygen species accumulation. Similar effects were found in embryos. These results may help clarify the effects of glyphosate exposure on female fertility and provide counseling and preventative steps for excessive glyphosate intake and resulting oxidative stress and reduced zinc bioavailability.


Assuntos
Embrião de Mamíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Herbicidas/toxicidade , Metáfase/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Animais , Cromossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Glicina/toxicidade , Infertilidade Feminina/induzido quimicamente , Infertilidade Feminina/patologia , Camundongos , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Fuso Acromático/efeitos dos fármacos
8.
J Anim Sci ; 98(4)2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277240

RESUMO

Colony-stimulating factor 3 (CSF3), also known as granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, is used to reduce the incidence of mastitis in cattle. Here, we tested whether recombinant bovine CSF3 at 1, 10, or 100 ng/mL acts on the bovine oocyte during maturation or on the developing embryo to modify competence for development and characteristics of the resultant blastocyst. For experiment 1, oocytes were matured with or without CSF3. The resultant embryos were cultured in a serum-free medium for 7.5 d. There was no effect of CSF3 on cleavage or on development to the blastocyst stage except that 100 ng/mL reduced the percent of putative zygotes and cleaved embryos becoming blastocysts. Expression of transcripts for 93 genes in blastocysts was evaluated by RT-PCR using the Fluidigm platform. Transcript abundance was affected by one or more concentrations of CSF3 for four genes only (CYP11A1, NOTCH2, RAC1, and YAP1). For experiment 2, cumulus-oocyte complexes (COC) were fertilized with either X- or Y-sorted semen. Putative zygotes were cultured in medium containing CSF3 treatments added at the beginning of culture. There was no effect of CSF3, sex, or the interaction on the percent of putative zygotes that cleaved or on the percent of putative zygotes or cleaved embryos becoming a blastocyst. For experiment 3, CSF3 was added from day 4 to 7.5 of development. There was no effect of CSF3 on development to the blastocyst stage. Transcript abundance of 10 genes was increased by 100 ng/mL CSF3, including markers of epiblast (NANOG, SOX2), hypoblast (ALPL, FN1, KDM2B, and PDGFRA), epiblast and hypoblast (HNF4A) and trophectoderm (TJAP1). Results are indicative that concentrations of CSF3 higher than typical after therapeutic administration can reduce oocyte competence and act on the embryo to affect characteristics of the blastocyst.


Assuntos
Bovinos/embriologia , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Mamíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/veterinária , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Recombinantes
9.
Endocrinology ; 161(4)2020 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141513

RESUMO

Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)-induced growth of ovarian follicles is independent of follicular vascularization. Recent evidence has indicated that follicular vascularization is critical to ovarian follicle development and survival. FSH, a gonadotropin that induces follicular growth and development, also acts as the major survival factor for antral follicles. FSH has been reported to stimulate angiogenesis in the theca layers mediated in part by the vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) and the transcription factor hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α). However, it remains largely undetermined whether FSH-dependent growth and survival of antral follicles relies on FSH-induced vascularization. Here, we first demonstrated that induction of angiogenesis through the FSH-HIF-1α-VEGFA axis is not required for FSH-stimulated follicular growth in mouse ovary. FSH increased the total number of blood vessels in mouse ovarian follicles, which was correlated with elevated expression of VEGFA and HIF-1α in granulosa cells. In contrast, blocking of follicular angiogenesis using inhibitors against the HIF-1α-VEGFA pathway repressed vasculature formation in follicles despite FSH administration. Interestingly, by measuring follicular size and ovarian weight, we found that the suppression of angiogenesis via HIF-1α-VEGFA pathway did not influence FSH-mediated follicular growth. However, inhibition of FSH-induced follicular vascularization by PX-478, a small-molecule inhibitor that suppresses HIF-1α activity, blocked ovulation and triggered atresia in large follicles. On the other hand, PX-478 injection reduced oocyte quality via impairing the meiotic apparatus, showing a prominently defective spindle assembly and actin dynamics. Collectively, our findings unveiled a vascularization-independent effect of FSH on follicular growth, whereas follicular survival, ovulation, and oocyte development relies on FSH-mediated angiogenesis in the follicles.


Assuntos
Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/farmacologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/metabolismo , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovulação/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovulação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229043, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182244

RESUMO

Oocyte in vitro maturation can be improved by mimicking the intra-follicular environment. Oocyte, cumulus cells, granulosa cells, and circulating factors act as meiotic regulators in follicles and maintain oocyte in the meiotic phase until oocyte becomes competent and ready to be ovulated. In a randomized experimental design, an ovine model was used to optimize the standard in vitro maturation media by Granulosa secreted factors. At first, the development capacity of oocyte derived from medium (>4 to 6 mm) and small (2 to ≤4 mm) size follicles was determined. Differential gene expression of granulosa secreted factors and their receptors were compared between the cumulus cells of the two groups. Then, the best time and concentration for arresting oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage by natriuretic peptide type C (CNP) were determined by nuclear staining in both groups. Oocyte quality was further confirmed by calcein uptake and gene expression. The developmental competence of cumulus oocyte complexes derived from small size follicles that were cultured in the presence of CNP in combination with amphiregulin (AREG) and prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) for 24 h was determined. Finally, embryo quality was specified by assessing expressions of NANOG, SOX2, CDX2, OCT4, and TET1. The cumulus oocyte complexes derived from small size follicles had a lower capacity to form blastocyst in comparison with cumulus oocyte complexes derived from medium size follicles. Prostaglandin E receptor 2 and prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2 had significantly lower expression in cumulus cells derived from small size follicles in comparison with cumulus cells derived from medium size follicles. Natriuretic peptide type C increased the percentage of cumulus oocyte complexes arresting at the germinal vesicle stage in both oocytes derived from medium and small follicles. Gap junction communication was also improved in the presence of natriuretic peptide type C. In oocytes derived from small size follicles; best blastocyst rates were achieved by sequential exposure of cumulus oocyte complexes in [TCM+CNP (6 h), then cultured in TCM+AREG+PGE2 (18h)] and [TCM+CNP (6 h), then cultured in conventional IVM supplements+AREG+PGE2 (18h)]. Increased SOX2 expression was observed in [TCM+CNP (6 h), then cultured in TCM+AREG+PGE2 (18h)], while decreased OCT4 expression was observed in [TCM+CNP (6 h), then cultured in conventional IVM supplements+AREG+PGE2 (18h)]. It seems that the natriuretic peptide type C modulates meiotic progression, and oocyte development is probably mediated by amphiregulin and prostaglandin E2. These results may provide an alternative IVM method to optimize in vitro embryo production in sheep and subsequently for humans.


Assuntos
Meios de Cultura/farmacologia , Células do Cúmulo/citologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Folículo Ovariano/citologia , Anfirregulina/farmacologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Células Cultivadas , Meios de Cultura/química , Células do Cúmulo/metabolismo , Dinoprostona/farmacologia , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Fluoresceínas/metabolismo , Meiose , Modelos Animais , Peptídeo Natriurético Tipo C/farmacologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovinos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230247, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32182268

RESUMO

Granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF), a pleiotropic cytokine, belongs to the hematopoietic growth factor family. Recent studies have reported that G-CSF is a predictive biomarker of oocyte and embryo developmental competence in humans. The aim of our study was to determine whether CSF3 and its receptor (CSF3R) were expressed in porcine maternal reproductive tissues (oviduct and uterus), cumulus cells, and embryos and to investigate the effects of human recombinant G-CSF (hrG-CSF) supplementation during in vitro culture (IVC) on the developmental competence of pre-implantation embryos. To do this, we first performed reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Second, we performed parthenogenetic activation (PA), in vitro fertilization (IVF), and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) to evaluate the embryonic developmental potential after hrG-CSF supplementation based on various concentrations (0 ng/mL, 10 ng/mL, 50 ng/mL, and 100 ng/mL) and durations (Un-treated, Days 0-3, Days 4-7, and Days 0-7) of IVC. Finally, we examined transcriptional levels of several marker genes in blastocysts. The results of our study showed that CSF3 transcript was present in all samples we assessed. CSF3-R was also detected, except in cumulus cells and blastocysts from PA. Furthermore, 10 ng/mL and Days 0-7 were the optimal concentration and duration for the viability of in vitro embryonic development, especially for SCNT-derived embryos. The rate of blastocyst formation and the total cell number of blastocysts were significantly enhanced, while the number and index of apoptotic nuclei were significantly decreased in optimal condition groups compared to others. Moreover, the transcriptional levels of anti-apoptotis- (BCL2), proliferation- (PCNA), and pluripotency- (POU5F1) related genes were dramatically upregulated. In conclusion, for the first time, we demonstrated that CSF3 and CSF3R were expressed in porcine reproductive organs, cells, and embryos. Additionally, we determined that hrG-CSF treatment improved porcine embryonic development capacity in vitro.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células do Cúmulo/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Cultura Embrionária/métodos , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro/métodos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Técnicas de Transferência Nuclear , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Gravidez , Suínos
12.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229391, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092110

RESUMO

Our previous work documented significant advancements in steroid-induced progression of oogenesis, demonstrating that co-treatment of female eels with 11-ketotestosterone (11KT) and estradiol-17ß (E2) successfully induced uptake of vitellogenin by oocytes. Here we evaluate the effects of this steroid co-treatment on subsequent time to ovulation and egg quality in shortfinned eels artificially matured by hypophysation. Co-treatment with 11KT (1 mg) and E2 (0.2 or 2 mg) significantly reduced time to ovulation and therefore, the amount of pituitary homogenate required, without any detrimental effects on gonadosomatic index, oocyte diameter or the total weight of stripped eggs. E2 treatment resulted in promising increases in fertilization rates. These indicators suggest that co-treatment with 11KT and E2 holds promise for future artificial maturation practices in terms of minimising fish handling and stress, and of reducing the need for expensive pituitary preparations.


Assuntos
Anguilla , Estradiol/farmacologia , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Indução da Ovulação , Testosterona/análogos & derivados , Anguilla/fisiologia , Animais , Feminino , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/fisiologia , Oogênese/fisiologia , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Indução da Ovulação/métodos , Indução da Ovulação/veterinária , Testosterona/farmacologia
13.
Nat Chem Biol ; 16(2): 188-196, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959964

RESUMO

Allosteric modulators of ion channels typically alter the transitions rates between conformational states without changing the properties of the open pore. Here we describe a new class of positive allosteric modulators of N-methyl D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) that mediate a calcium-permeable component of glutamatergic synaptic transmission and play essential roles in learning, memory and cognition, as well as neurological disease. EU1622-14 increases agonist potency and channel-open probability, slows receptor deactivation and decreases both single-channel conductance and calcium permeability. The unique functional selectivity of this chemical probe reveals a mechanism for enhancing NMDAR function while limiting excess calcium influx, and shows that allosteric modulators can act as biased modulators of ion-channel permeation.


Assuntos
Pirrolidinas/farmacologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Ácido Glutâmico/metabolismo , Ácido Glutâmico/farmacologia , Glicina/metabolismo , Glicina/farmacologia , Células HEK293 , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Ativação do Canal Iônico/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/fisiologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/agonistas , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/genética , Xenopus laevis
14.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e918705, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND There is little research on whether normoresponsive patients who produced poor-quality embryos once verses those who produced poor-quality embryos twice when using a single COH protocol should change to a different controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) protocol. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this retrospective study, we enrolled 108 patients with 1 PPOS failure who chose to continue receiving the progestin-primed ovarian stimulation (PPOS) protocol (n=61) versus those who decided to switch to the modified ultra-long protocol (n=47). We also enrolled 131 normoresponsive patients with 2 PPOS failures who chose to continue receiving the PPOS protocol (n=60) versus those who decided to switch to the modified ultra-long protocol (n=71) in the third cycle. RESULTS We found no significant difference in clinical outcomes of patients with 1 PPOS failure who continued using the PPOS protocol verses those who switched to the modified ultra-long protocol in the second cycle, expect for a lower cancelation rate (4.3% vs. 16.4%). However, the patients with 2 PPOS failures had significantly more good-quality embryos (0.9 vs. 0.4), more viable embryos (1.8 vs. 0.9), lower cancelation rates (18.3% vs. 53.3%), and higher pregnancy rates per aspirated cycle (26.8% vs. 10.0%) when switching to the modified ultra-long protocol compared to those who decided to continue receiving the PPOS protocol (P<0.05). Furthermore, the odds of clinical pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] 5.997, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.476-24.361, P=0.01) were positively associated with switching to the COH protocol in the third cycle. CONCLUSIONS For normoresponsive patients with poor-quality embryos when using the PPOS protocol, switching to the modified ultra-long protocol after having 2 PPOS failures was associated with better ART outcomes.


Assuntos
Indução da Ovulação , Progestinas/farmacologia , Adulto , Embrião de Mamíferos/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião de Mamíferos/metabolismo , Feminino , Hormônios/sangue , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/metabolismo , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Falha de Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Cryobiology ; 92: 251-254, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962104

RESUMO

Effects of meiotic stage and cumulus status on development of equine oocytes after vitrification was evaluated. Immature oocytes with corona radiata (IMM); in vitro-matured oocytes with corona radiata (MAT CR+); and in vitro-matured oocytes denuded of cumulus (MAT CR-) were vitrified using the Cryotech® method. Warming medium was equilibrated either in 5% CO2 or Air. IMM oocytes underwent in vitro maturation after warming. Recovery, survival, and maturation rates, and cleavage and blastocyst rates after ICSI, were evaluated. Recovery was higher for oocytes warmed in CO2- than Air-equilibrated medium (86 ± 3 vs. 76.9 ± 4%, respectively). Maturation for all vitrified-warmed oocyte treatments (37 ± 6.5 to 45.9 ± 5.8%) was not different from control (50 ± 4.1%), except for MAT CR- CO2 (20.3 ± 4.6%). Cleavage for MAT CR- CO2 and Air groups was similar to control (67.7 ± 12.1, 71.4 ± 8.1, and 78 ± 5.3%, respectively). One blastocyst was produced (MAT CR + CO2), representing the first equine blastocyst reported after vitrification of an in vitro-matured oocyte.


Assuntos
Criopreservação/métodos , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos/métodos , Oócitos/citologia , Vitrificação , Animais , Blastocisto/citologia , Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Cavalos , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano
16.
Bull Exp Biol Med ; 168(3): 385-389, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31938908

RESUMO

We studied the influence of the estrous cycle on the morphology of preovulatory (germinal vesicle, GV) oocytes in mice and their capacity to meiotic maturation in vitro. After standard injections of eCG gonadotropin (PMSG, Follimag) to females at different stages of the estrous cycle, the maximum levels of GV oocytes (26±1/mouse) were isolated from the ovaries of animals injected with the hormone during estrus. The capacity of isolated GV oocytes to meiotic maturation in vitro decreased in the following order: estrus (75.5±2.3%), metestrus (67.9±3.4%), proestrus (57.8±4.4%), and diestrus (50.6±5.6%); the differences between estrus and diestrus/proestrus were significant (p<0.05). After eCG injections during estrus, GV oocytes differed from other oocytes by lesser total diameter, lesser diameter of cytoplasm, lesser thickness of zona pellucida, and moderately dilated perivitelline space. These signs reflected higher competence of the "estrous" GV oocytes for meiotic maturation in vitro. Hormone stimulation of females with eCG, with consideration for the stage of the estrous cycle, seems to be an effective method for improving the quality of GV oocytes isolated from mouse ovaries.


Assuntos
Ciclo Estral/efeitos dos fármacos , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Diestro/efeitos dos fármacos , Estro/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Gonadotropinas/farmacologia , Metestro/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ovário/citologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Toxicon ; 176: 15-20, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965969

RESUMO

Podophyllotoxin (PPT) is a lignan extracted from podophyllum genera and it shows potent antitumor activity since it could effectively inhibit the assembly of microtubule in tumor cells. However, the effects of podophyllotoxin exposure on porcine oocyte quality is still unclear. In present study we tried to examine whether podophyllotoxin exposure was toxic to porcine oocyte maturation. Our results showed that podophyllotoxin exposure inhibited porcine oocyte maturation, showing with the failure of polar body extrusion, and the inhibitory effects of podophyllotoxin on porcine oocytes was dose-depended. Moreover, the meiotic spindle formation was disturbed and the chromosomes were misaligned in the podophyllotoxin-treated porcine oocytes. However, there was no different expression for p-MAPK and ace-tubulin between the control and podophyllotoxin treatment group. In addition, after 0.01 µM podophyllotoxin treatment, the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and the Annexin-V signal at MI stage significantly increased compared to the control group, indicating the occurrence of oxidative stress and early apoptosis. Taken together, our results suggested that the toxic effects of podophyllotoxin exposure on porcine oocyte maturation might be through its effects on spindle formation and the induction of oxidative stress-mediated early apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/toxicidade , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Podofilotoxina/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose , Ciclo Celular , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Suínos
18.
Mycotoxin Res ; 36(1): 93-101, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473931

RESUMO

Alternariol (AOH) is produced by fungi of the genus Alternaria and can be found in fruits, vegetables, and grains. Besides the oestrogenic activity demonstrated in vitro, this mycotoxin causes DNA damage and cell cycle arrest. Based on this, the effect of AOH was investigated on porcine female gametes during in vitro maturation and subsequent initial embryo development. A first experiment assessed a dose-response effect of AOH (5, 10, or 20 µmol/l) on cumulus expansion and in vitro oocyte nuclear maturation, in the presence or absence of follicular fluid (FF). A second experiment evaluated the effect of AOH (5, 10, or 20 µmol/l) exposure during porcine oocyte maturation, initial embryo development, or both periods, on preimplantation embryo development. Although FF protected oocytes from the deleterious effect of AOH, it did not avoid a decrease in cumulus cells expansion (5 µmol/l AOH regardless of the presence of FF). Moreover, exposure to AOH resulted in the degeneration of oocytes (10 µmol/l AOH in the absence of FF) and the occurrence of nuclear aberrations in mature oocytes (10 µmol/l AOH in the absence of FF and 20 µmol/l AOH in the presence of FF). Exposure to 5 µmol/l AOH during oocyte in vitro maturation was sufficient to impair initial embryo development.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactonas/toxicidade , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Alternaria/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Líquido Folicular , Micotoxinas/toxicidade , Oócitos/patologia , Gravidez , Suínos
19.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 73: 103292, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765964

RESUMO

Prepubertal Swiss albino mice of both sex were administered with first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs (ATDs) viz; rifampicin, isoniazid, pyrazinamide, streptomycin and ethambutol intraperitoneally, for 4 weeks. Two weeks after the completion of treatment, male mice were sacrificed to collect caudal spermatozoa and female mice were superovulated with pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) to collect metaphase II (MII) oocytes from oviduct. Administration of ATDs not only decreased the count, motility and, nuclear maturity and also, increased the head abnormalities, mitochondrial damage and DNA damage in epididymal spermatozoa. Reduction in number of ovulated oocytes, increased degeneration rate and altered distribution pattern of cytoplasmic organelles was observed in oocytes of female mice. Presence of ATDs in in vitro maturation (IVM) medium increased abnormalities in meiotic resulted in abnormal spindle organization (except ethambutol) without affecting nuclear maturation. In conclusion, the result of this study indicates that ATDs have considerable adverse effects on the functional competence of male and female gametes, however, with varied degree of toxicity.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/toxicidade , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Núcleo Celular , Etambutol/toxicidade , Feminino , Isoniazida/toxicidade , Masculino , Metáfase , Camundongos , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Gravidez , Pirazinamida/toxicidade , Rifampina/toxicidade , Estreptomicina/toxicidade
20.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(2): 152-158, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31696613

RESUMO

Fluorene-9-bisphenol (9,9-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-fluorene [BHPF]) is a bisphenol A (BPA) substitute used in the production of "BPA-free" plastics, now has been identified is harmful to living organisms. Our previous study showed that BHPF impaired mouse denuded oocyte in vitro maturation. However, there is a question that whether BHPF is still able to affect oocyte maturation in the presence of dense cumulus cells. In the present study, we checked the toxic effects of BHPF on porcine oocyte maturation which is derived from COCs in vitro culture. Our results showed that BHPF (50 µM) inhibited the expansion of cumulus cells, led to a significant decrease in polar body extrusion (PBE). Importantly, BHPF resulted in abnormal spindle assembly, ATP level decrease, reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation and early apoptosis in porcine oocytes, which are all negative to oocyte maturation. Furthermore, BHPF also declined porcine oocyte quality by disturbing the cortical granules (CGs) distribution. In conclusion, our study showed that BHPF still inhibited oocyte maturation even in the presence of cumulus cells leading to abnormal spindle assembly, ATP decrease, increased ROS level, early apoptosis, and disturbed CGs distribution in porcine oocytes, and also indicates that BHPF has a wide range toxic effects on oocyte in different species.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenóis/toxicidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Camundongos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/metabolismo , Oócitos/patologia , Suínos
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