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2.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(7): e00215, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764201

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health crisis. Possible pancreatic involvement has recently been observed in these patients; however, its significance is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of significantly elevated lipase with disease outcomes. METHODS: Data about demographics, symptoms, laboratory values, and clinical outcomes were collected for 1,003 consecutive patients testing positive for COVID-19. Elevated lipase was defined as greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal (>3 × ULN). Baseline characteristics among patients with or without elevated lipase were compared using Fisher exact test or Student t-test for categorical or numerical variables, respectively. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the association of lipase levels with primary clinical outcomes (intensive care unit admission and intubation) adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, history of diabetes, and hypertension. RESULTS: Of 1,003 patients with COVID-19, 83 had available lipase levels and were all admitted to the hospital. Of 83, 14 (16.8%) had elevated lipase (>3 × ULN), which was associated with higher rates of leukocytosis (P < 0.001) and abnormal liver enzymes (P < 0.01). Compared with lower lipase levels (<3 × ULN), patients with elevated lipase had higher rates of ICU admission (92.9% vs 32.8%; P < 0.001) and intubation (78.6% vs 23.5%; P 0.002). In a multivariable-adjusted model, higher lipase levels were significantly associated with admission to the ICU and rate of intubation. DISCUSSION: Lipase elevation is seen in COVID-19 and is associated with worse disease outcomes.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Lipase/sangue , Obesidade , Pâncreas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pâncreas/metabolismo , Pâncreas/fisiopatologia , Pâncreas/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos , Avaliação de Sintomas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e20176, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791656

RESUMO

There may be differences in optimal anthropometric cut-offs for diagnosing obesity among different regions of China. However, there has been little studies about choosing effective obesity indicators in Han People of low-income Chinese adults in southwest China. The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the associations between different obesity indicators and cardiovascular disease risk factors (CVDRF) and choose the optimal cut-off values.A cross-sectional study was carried out in southwest of China, with multi-stage sampling enrolling 2112 subjects aged 20 to 80 years old. Anthropometric measurements included Body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), Hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We measured the percentage of body fat (PBF) by bioelectrical impedance analyzer to assess the body composition. The validity of different obesity indicators in assessing CVDRF risk were assessed through comparison area under curve of different indicators in assessing CVDRF risk in different gender. Logistic regression models were used to evaluate the association between the obesity indicators and CVDRF.When both male and female were considered, the optimal indicators were WHtR and percentage of body fat PBF for hypertension, WHR and WHtR for dyslipidemia. Both WC and WHtR were optimal indicators in assessing metabolic syndrome risk for both genders. When both disease and gender were considered, WHtR was the best associated indicators with various CVDRF. The cut-off of BMI and WC were consistent to the definition of obesity in Working Group of China. The WHtR positively correlated with the CVDRF. The cut-off of WHtR to do what was approximately 0.50 for adults in both genders in southwest of China.WHtR may be the best associated indicators for obesity-related CVDRF among the others (BMI, WC, Hip circumference, PBF, and WHR) in southwest of China. The cut-off of WHtR was approximately 0.50 for adults in both genders in southwest of China.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Fatores de Risco
4.
Arch Cardiovasc Dis ; 113(8-9): 551-563, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753124

RESUMO

Obesity is a major risk factor for atrial fibrillation. It also influences the natural history of the disease, leading to more persistent forms and poorer ablation outcomes. This article reviews atrial fibrillation ablation in the obese population, focusing on outcomes, complications and periprocedural management. Through an analysis of the possible pathophysiological mechanism linking obesity and atrial fibrillation, we identify potential strategies to improve post-ablation outcomes in this challenging population.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Ablação , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Ablação/efeitos adversos , Adiposidade , Animais , Fibrilação Atrial/diagnóstico , Fibrilação Atrial/epidemiologia , Fibrilação Atrial/fisiopatologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Ganho de Peso
5.
PLoS Med ; 17(8): e1003232, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is closely related to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The prevention of T2D has become imperative to stem the rising rates of this disease. Weight loss is highly effective in preventing T2D; however, the at-risk pool is large, and a clinically meaningful metric for risk stratification to guide interventions remains a challenge. The objective of this study is to predict T2D risk using full-information continuous analysis of nationally sampled data from white and black American adults age ≥45 years. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A sample of 12,043 black (33%) and white individuals from a population-based cohort, REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) (enrolled 2003-2007), was observed through 2013-2016. The mean participant age was 63.12 ± 8.62 years, and 43.7% were male. Mean BMI was 28.55 ± 5.61 kg/m2. Risk factors for T2D regularly recorded in the primary care setting were used to evaluate future T2D risk using Bayesian logistic regression. External validation was performed using 9,710 participants (19% black) from Atherosclerotic Risk in Communities (ARIC) (enrolled 1987-1989), observed through 1996-1998. The mean participant age in this cohort was 53.86 ± 5.65 years, and 44.6% were male. Mean BMI was 27.15 ± 4.92 kg/m2. Predictive performance was assessed using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the curve (AUC) statistics. The primary outcome was incident T2D. By 2016 in REGARDS, there were 1,602 incident cases of T2D. Risk factors used to predict T2D progression included age, sex, race, BMI, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein, blood pressure, and blood glucose. The Bayesian logistic model (AUC = 0.79) outperformed the Framingham risk score (AUC = 0.76), the American Diabetes Association risk score (AUC = 0.64), and a cardiometabolic disease system (using Adult Treatment Panel III criteria) (AUC = 0.75). Validation in ARIC was robust (AUC = 0.85). Main limitations include the limited generalizability of the REGARDS sample to black and white, older Americans, and no time to diagnosis for T2D. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that a Bayesian logistic model using full-information continuous predictors has high predictive discrimination, and can be used to quantify race- and sex-specific T2D risk, providing a new, powerful predictive tool. This tool can be used for T2D prevention efforts including weight loss therapy by allowing clinicians to target high-risk individuals in a manner that could be used to optimize outcomes.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Teorema de Bayes , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
PLoS Med ; 17(8): e1003256, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption has increased drastically worldwide and already represents 50%-60% of total daily energy intake in several high-income countries. In the meantime, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has risen continuously during the last century. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between UPF consumption and the risk of overweight and obesity, as well as change in body mass index (BMI), in a large French cohort. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A total of 110,260 adult participants (≥18 years old, mean baseline age = 43.1 [SD 14.6] years; 78.2% women) from the French prospective population-based NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-2019) were included. Dietary intakes were collected at baseline using repeated and validated 24-hour dietary records linked to a food composition database that included >3,500 different food items, each categorized according to their degree of processing by the NOVA classification. Associations between the proportion of UPF in the diet and BMI change during follow-up were assessed using linear mixed models. Associations with risk of overweight and obesity were assessed using Cox proportional hazard models. After adjusting for age, sex, educational level, marital status, physical activity, smoking status, alcohol intake, number of 24-hour dietary records, and energy intake, we observed a positive association between UPF intake and gain in BMI (ß Time × UPF = 0.02 for an absolute increment of 10 in the percentage of UPF in the diet, P < 0.001). UPF intake was associated with a higher risk of overweight (n = 7,063 overweight participants; hazard ratio (HR) for an absolute increase of 10% of UPFs in the diet = 1.11, 95% CI: 1.08-1.14; P < 0.001) and obesity (n = 3,066 incident obese participants; HR10% = 1.09 (1.05-1.13); P < 0.001). These results remained statistically significant after adjustment for the nutritional quality of the diet and energy intake. Study limitations include possible selection bias, potential residual confounding due to the observational design, and a possible item misclassification according to the level of processing. Nonetheless, robustness was tested and verified using a large panel of sensitivity analyses. CONCLUSIONS: In this large observational prospective study, higher consumption of UPF was associated with gain in BMI and higher risks of overweight and obesity. Public health authorities in several countries recently started to recommend privileging unprocessed/minimally processed foods and limiting UPF consumption. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03335644 (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03335644).


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Fast Foods/efeitos adversos , Inquéritos Nutricionais/tendências , Valor Nutritivo/fisiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 402-407, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740596

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for the development of secondary lymphedema after axillary lymphadenectomy and radiation therapy. The purpose of this study was to determine whether obesity influences the morbidity of lymphedema in patients who have the condition. METHODS: Two cohorts of patients were compared: group 1, normal weight (body mass index ≤25 kg/m); and group 2, obese (body mass index ≥30 kg/m). Inclusion criteria were patients aged 21 years or older with lymphedema confirmed by lymphoscintigraphy. Covariates included age, sex, lymphedema type (primary or secondary), location, comorbidities, lymph node dissection, radiation therapy, lymphoscintigram result, and disease duration. Outcome variables were infection, hospitalization, and degree of limb overgrowth. The cohorts were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test, and multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: Sixty-seven patients were included: group 1, n = 33; and group 2, n = 34. Disease duration did not differ between groups (p = 0.72). Group 2 was more likely to have an infection (59 percent), hospitalization (47 percent), and moderate or severe overgrowth (79 percent), compared to group 1 (18, 6, and 40 percent, respectively; p < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression showed that obesity was an independent risk factor for infection (OR, 7.9; 95 percent CI, 2.5 to 26.3; p < 0.001), hospitalization (OR, 30.0; 95 percent CI, 3.6 to 150.8; p < 0.001), and moderate to severe limb overgrowth (OR, 6.7; 95 percent CI, 2.1 to 23.0; p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: Obesity negatively affects patients with established lymphedema. Obese individuals are more likely to have infections, hospitalizations, and larger extremities compared to subjects with a normal body mass index. Patients with lymphedema should be counseled about the negative effects of obesity on their condition. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, II.


Assuntos
Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Linfedema/epidemiologia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Axila , Índice de Massa Corporal , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Linfedema/diagnóstico , Linfedema/etiologia , Linfedema/terapia , Linfocintigrafia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
9.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 249-256, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612360

RESUMO

Background: The role of metabolic states in cardiovascular risks among individuals with varying degrees of obesity is unknown. The study aimed to compare cardiometabolic index (CMI), atherogenic index of plasma (AIP), lipid accumulation product (LAP) and novel anthropometric indices in metabolic and non-metabolically obese individual with regard to the role of FTO gene in Iranian adults. Methods: In total, 165 individuals were recruited into this cross-sectional study. Individuals grouped into four groups: metabolic healthy normal-weight (MHNW) individuals, metabolically unhealthy normal-weight (MUNW) individuals, metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals and metabolic unhealthy obese (MUO) individuals. The dietary intake was evaluated by food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The cardiovascular indices (CMI, AIP and LAP) were calculated. A variety of anthropometric indices were calculated, including body adiposity Index (BAI), weight-adjusted-waist index (WWI), A body shape index (ABSI) and waist-height ratio (WHR). The genotypes of FTO-rs9939609 subjects were detected by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Results: The individuals with metabolically unhealthy phenotypes (MUO, MUNW) have higher levels of triglyceride and cardiovascular indices (AIP, LAP and CMI) than the individuals with metabolic healthy phenotypes (MHO, MHNW). With a similar degree of obesity, the anthropometric indices (BAI, WWI and WHR) levels were higher in metabolic unhealthy groups than metabolically healthy groups. The highest frequency of obesity-risk allele AA of FTO gene was observed in MUO, MHO, MUNW and MHNW, respectively. Conclusion: Normal-weight individuals with metabolic unhealthy status are at higher risk for cardiovascular diseases than obese individuals with metabolically healthy status. The genotype frequencies of obesity-risk allele AA of FTO gene were higher in obesity phenotypes than metabolic phenotypes.


Assuntos
Dioxigenase FTO Dependente de alfa-Cetoglutarato/genética , Doenças Cardiovasculares/genética , Metabolismo Energético/genética , Síndrome Metabólica/genética , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/genética , Obesidade/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Idoso , Antropometria , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/sangue , Obesidade Metabolicamente Benigna/diagnóstico , Fenótipo , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
10.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 80, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32600411

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well established that obesity is a disease of sustained low-grade inflammation. However, it is currently unknown if obesity plays a role in the clinical manifestations and prognosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infected patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether obesity played a role in clinical manifestations and prognosis in patients infected with SARS-CoV-2. METHODS: This is a retrospective multicenter clinical study. A total of 96 patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection were enrolled from Dongguan People's Hospital, Nanfang hospital and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University between 23 January and 14 February 2020. Demographic and clinical data were extracted from medical records. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was defined as oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) ≤ 300 mmHg. We grouped patients through the body mass index (BMI). Associations were examined using the t test, χ2 test and multivariate logistic forward regression test. RESULTS: Patients with BMI <  24 were significantly younger (P = 0.025) with lower creatine kinase (P = 0.013), lower diastolic pressure blood (P = 0.035), lower serum creatinine (P = 0.012), lower lactate dehydrogenase (P = 0.001) and higher platelet count (P = 0.002). The BMI level was 20.78 ± 3.15 in patients without pneumonia compared with the patients with pneumonia (23.81 ± 3.49, P = 0.001). For patients without ARDS, an average BMI level of 22.65 ± 3.53 was observed, significantly lower than patients with ARDS (24.57 ± 3.59, P = 0.022). The mean BMI was 22.35 ± 3.56 in patients experienced with relieving the clinical symptoms or stable condition by radiographic tests, lower than patients with disease exacerbation with 24.89 ± 3.17 (P = 0.001). In addition, lymphocyte count (r = - 0.23, P = 0.027) and platelet count (r = - 0.44, P < 0.001) were negatively correlated with BMI. While hemoglobin (r = 0.267, P = 0.008), creatine kinase (r = 0.331, P = 0.001), serum creatinine (r = 0.424, P < 0.001) and lactate dehydrogenase (r = 0.343, P = 0.001) were significantly positive correlated with BMI. Multivariate analysis showed that older age (OR = 1.046, P = 0.009) and BMI ≥ 24 (OR = 1.258, P = 0.005) were independent risk factors associated ICU admission while BMI ≥ 24 (OR = 4.219, P = 0.007) was independent risk factor associated with radiographic disease exacerbation. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found BMI was significantly associated with clinical manifestations and prognosis of patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. For patients with increased risk, clinicians should intervene promptly to avoid disease progression.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Obesidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(7)2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641442

RESUMO

We report on a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and decompensated cirrhosis who experienced a favourable outcome of severe immune thrombocytopaenic purpura (ITP) after administration of intravenous immunoglobulin and high-dose dexamethasone. The present case suggests that it is reasonable to evoke ITP in case of profound thrombocytopaenia in a patient with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica , Obesidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipóxia/diagnóstico , Hipóxia/etiologia , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Oxigenoterapia/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/diagnóstico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/etiologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/fisiopatologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/terapia , Radiografia Torácica/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
J Mol Cell Cardiol ; 146: 41-42, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687852
13.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236451, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32697789

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle habits associate with metabolic health in overall populations. Whether such association is similar among subjects with a different nutritional status has been less studied. We aimed to (i) determine the prevalence of metabolic phenotypes in Chile, and (ii) determine the association between lifestyle habits and metabolic health according to the nutritional status. METHODS: The National Health Survey of Chile 2016-2017 was analyzed. A metabolically unhealthy phenotype was defined as manifesting ≥3 of the following risk factors: elevated blood pressure, elevated triglycerides, elevated glucose, elevated waist circumference, or reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Individuals manifesting <2 risk factors were considered as healthy. The nutritional status was defined as normal weight (18.5 to <25 kg/m2), overweight (25 to <30 kg/m2) or obesity (≥30 kg/m2). Questionnaires were used to estimate smoking habits, alcohol intake, sedentary behavior, moderate-vigorous physical activity, fruits/vegetables consumption, and fish/seafood consumption. The association (odds ratio [95%CI]) between lifestyle habits and metabolic health was determined within each nutritional status, adjusting for age, sex, BMI (in kg/m2), and education. RESULTS: The prevalence of a metabolically unhealthy phenotype was 36% in the overall sample. Such a prevalence was 7%, 33% and 58% among subjects with normal weight, overweight and obesity, respectively. In subjects with normal weight, the highest quartile of fruits/vegetables consumption was associated with reduced odds of having a metabolically unhealthy phenotype (0.09 [0.01-0.48]). In subjects with obesity, the highest quartile of moderate-vigorous physical activity was associated with reduced odds of having a metabolically unhealthy phenotype (0.29 [0.09-0.91]). CONCLUSION: One third of the Chilean population manifests an unhealthy phenotype. We identified associations between lifestyle habits and metabolic health that are specific to the nutritional status. Thus, emphasizing fruits/vegetables consumption in subjects with normal weight, and physical activity in subjects with obesity, may maximize the benefits of public health interventions.


Assuntos
Hábitos , Estilo de Vida , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/análise , Chile/epidemiologia , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensão/sangue , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/sangue , Síndrome Metabólica/diagnóstico , Síndrome Metabólica/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Sobrepeso/sangue , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/metabolismo , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 573-578, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32643559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The attempt to repair a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm carries a significant risk of perioperative mortality. The relationship between body mass index (BMI) and outcomes after repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has not been well defined. We report the association of BMI with outcomes after ruptured AAA repair. METHODS: Patients undergoing ruptured AAA repairs between 2008 and 2017 at 2 tertiary academic centers were included in this retrospective study. Demographics (including BMI), type of repair, length of stay, and admission mortality risk scores were gathered and analyzed using bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Adjusted odds ratio (AOR) was reported with 95% CIs and P values from the multivariate analysis. The primary outcome was 30-day mortality. Akaike information criterion (AIC) and c-statistics were used to assess the predictive power of models including physiologic score with or without BMI. RESULTS: A total of 202 patients underwent repair of ruptured AAA. In bivariate relationship, increased BMI was significantly associated with 30-day mortality. With multivariate analysis, adjusting for demographics, type of procedure, and physiologic score, for each kg/m2 increase in BMI, an 8% increase in the likelihood of perioperative mortality (AOR = 1.08, 95% CI: 1.01-1.17; P = .04) was observed. CONCLUSION: When adjusted for admission risk score, type of procedure, and demographics, obesity was associated with increased 30-day mortality. With BMI as an additional data point, the c-statistics and AIC comparisons indicated that we would have a greater ability to preoperatively estimate mortality after ruptured AAA repair. Consideration could be made to include BMI in future mortality risk scoring systems for ruptured AAA.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Ruptura Aórtica/cirurgia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Ruptura Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Aórtica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Indiana , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Washington
15.
Int J Antimicrob Agents ; 56(4): 106093, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653618

RESUMO

This study was conducted to assess the spread of SARS-CoV-2 in Russia and the adaptation of the population to the virus in March to June 2020. Two groups were investigated: 1) 12 082 individuals already proven positive for SARS-CoV-2 (clinical information was studied); 2) 7864+4458 individuals with suspected respiratory infections (polymerase chain reaction [PCR] tests and clinical information were studied). In the latter, SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals comprised 5.37% in March and 11.42% in June 2020. Several viral co-infections were observed for SARS-CoV-2. Rhinoviruses accounted for the largest proportion of co-infections (7.91% of samples were SARS-CoV-2-positive); followed by respiratory syncytial virus (7.03%); adenoviruses (4.84%); metapneumoviruses (3.29%); parainfluenza viruses (2.42%); enterovirus D68 (1.10%) and other viruses (entero-, echo-, parecho-) (<1%). Average SARS-CoV-2 case fatality rate in the group of 12 537 individuals was determined to be 0.6% (in contrast to official Russian government statistics of 1.5% mortality). This rate is within the range of mortality caused by other common seasonal respiratory viruses (0.01-2.21% in Russia in 2012 to 2020). Most fatalities occurred in individuals with comorbidities, as for other respiratory viruses. The proportion of SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic carriers was 56.68% in March and 70.67% in June 2020. This new pathogen presents a substantial risk to human beings as it was not contained at the start of its outbreak in Wuhan and spread worldwide. However, surveillance, prevention and treatment must be strictly evidence-based and not dictated by fear.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Assintomáticas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Comorbidade , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico , Doença das Coronárias/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/mortalidade , Medo/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Infecções Respiratórias/diagnóstico , Infecções Respiratórias/mortalidade , Infecções Respiratórias/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(3): 436-442, mayo-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193849

RESUMO

Aim and background: the incidence of obesity has increased among children, and obesity has been considered an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease. We aimed to determine the degree of kidney function impairment by evaluating urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: in total, 15 obese, 26 overweight, and 26 control adolescents aged 10 to 16 years were enrolled into the study. Urine samples were evaluated for NGAL and KIM-1 levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. We investigated the association between obesity and related comorbidities with urinary NGAL and KIM-1 excretion. RESULTS: no significant differences were noted between the obese, overweight, and control groups in urinary NGAL and KIM-1 excretion (p = 0.327 and p = 0.917, respectively). In the obese and overweight groups urinary NGAL levels were 50.39 [30.88-74.22] in females and 26.67 [23.24-45.59] in males (p = 0.013). Also, urinary NGAL levels were increased in obese and overweight adolescents with LDL dyslipidemia at 64.12 [30.98-114.32] as compared to those without LDL dyslipidemia: 39.51 [25.59.56.37] (p = 0.024). Furthermore, a correlation was observed between insulin and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance levels with the NGAL/creatinine ratio in the overweight group (r = 0.515; p = 0.008, and r = 0.483; p = 0.014, respectively). Such correlation was not found in the obese group. CONCLUSION: the effect of obesity on renal function could not be determined in children. A longer exposure may be required for obesity-induced disruption of renal function in children. Renal function may be disrupted by dyslipidemia in obese adolescents. Furthermore, obesity impaired renal function in female adolescents. The normalization of these urinary markers as related to urine creatinine should be discussed


INTRODUCCIÓN: la incidencia de la obesidad en la edad infantil ha aumentado. Se considera la obesidad como un factor de riesgo independiente para el desarrollo de la enfermedad renal crónica. El objetivo de este estudio fue valorar el grado de alteración de la función renal evaluando los niveles urinarios de NGAL y KIM-1. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: el estudio incluyó a 15 adolescentes con obesidad, 26 con sobrepeso y 26 controles sanos. Las edades de los participantes estaban entre los 10 y los 16 años. Los niveles de NGAL y KIM-1 en orina se determinaron mediante un kit ELISA. Se investigó la asociación entre la obesidad y su comorbilidad con la excreción urinaria de NGAL y KIM-1. RESULTADOS: no se encontraron diferencias significativas en la excreción urinaria de NGAL y KIM-1 entre los sujetos con obesidad, los sujetos con sobrepeso y los controles sanos (p = 0,327 y 0,917, respectivamente). En el grupo con sobrepeso y obesidad, los niveles de NGAL en las niñas fueron de 50,39 (30,88-74,22), mientras que en los niños fueron de 26,67 (23,24-45,59) (p = 0,013). Para los sujetos con dislipemia de LDL, el nivel de NGAL fue de 64,12 (30,98-114,32) frente a 39,5 (25,59-56,37) entre los que no la tenían (p = 0,024). Se encontró correlación entre los nivles de insulina, el HOMA-IR y la ratio NGAL/creatinina en el grupo con sobrepeso (r = 0,515; p = 0,008, y r = 0,483; p = 0,014, respectivamente). En el grupo con obesidad no se encontró dicha correlación. CONCLUSIONES: se precisa una duración más prolongada para encontrar alterada la función renal en los niños con exceso de peso. La función renal puede alterase por la dislipemia en el caso de los adolescentes con obesidad. La función renal se afecta más en las adolescentes femeninas. En el artículo se discute la normalización de estos marcadores urinarios con la creatinina en orina


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Lipocalina-2/análise , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Lipocalina-2/urina , Creatinina/urina , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos
17.
Nutr. hosp ; 37(3): 490-496, mayo-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: identifying children at risk of developing childhood sarcopenic obesity often requires specialized equipment and expensive testing procedures, so cheaper and quicker methods would be advantageous, especially in field-based settings. OBJECTIVE: the purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between the muscle-to-fat ratio (MFR) and relative handgrip strength, and to determine the ability of handgrip strength relative to body mass index (grip-to-BMI) to identify children who are at risk of developing sarcopenic obesity. MATERIAL AND METHOD: grip-to-BMI was measured in 4021 Macedonian children (6 to 10 yrs). Bioelectrical impedance was used to estimate body fat mass and skeletal muscle mass, from which the MFR was calculated. RESULTS: the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.771 (95 % CI, 0.752 to 0.789, p < 0.001) in girls 6-10 years old and 0.843 (95 % CI, 0.826 to 0.859, p < 0.001) in boys 6-10 years old. Calculated using the grip-to-BMI ratio, the OR (95 % CI) for girls to be at risk of sarcopenic obesity identified by MFR was 20.182 (10.728-37.966, p < 0.001) and was 16.863 (10.782-26.371, p < 0.001) for boys. CONCLUSION: the grip-to-BMI ratio can be used to predict the presence of sarcopenic obesity in children, which can play a role in pediatric health interventions


INTRODUCCIÓN: identificar a los niños en riesgo de desarrollar obesidad sarcopénica infantil a menudo requiere equipos especializados y procedimientos diagnósticos costosos, por lo que sería ventajoso disponer de métodos más baratos y rápidos, especialmente en entornos no experimentales. OBJETIVO: el propósito de este trabajo fue estudiar las relaciones en la asociación músculo-grasa (MFR) y la fuerza relativa de presión y determinar la capacidad de fuerza de prensión manual (FPM) en relación con el índice de masa corporal (IMC) para identificar a los niños que corren el riesgo de desarrollar obesidad sarcopénica. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: se midió FPM-IMC en 4021 niños macedonios (de 6 a 10 años). La impedancia bioeléctrica se utilizó para estimar la masa de grasa corporal y la masa del músculo esquelético, a partir de la cual se calculó la MFR. RESULTADOS: el área bajo la curva (ABC) fue de 0,771 (IC 95 %, 0,752-0,789, p < 0,001) en niñas de 6 a 10 años y de 0,843 (IC 95 %, 0,826-0.859, p < 0,001) en niños de 6 a 10 años. Se calculó la razón de ventajas (OR) para la relación FPM-IMC (IC del 95%) para las niñas con riesgo de obesidad sarcopénica identificado por MFR, que fue de 20,182 (10,728-37-966, p < 0-001) y 16,863 (10,782-26,371, p < 0,001) para niños. CONCLUSIÓN: la relación FPM-IMC puede utilizarse para predecir la presencia de obesidad sarcopénica en niños y niñas, lo que puede desempeñar un papel en las intervenciones de salud pediátrica


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Força da Mão/fisiologia , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Tecido Adiposo , Composição Corporal , Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Sarcopenia/fisiopatologia , Impedância Elétrica , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Sarcopenia
18.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235358, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is a multifactorial disease and represents a global and relevant health problem. The aim of the study was to assess the concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-8 (IL-8)) and other selected proteins as well as enzymes (soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM1), calprotectin, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), toll like receptor 2 (TLR2)) detectable in the saliva of women who varied in body composition. It was debated whether there are marker factors in saliva that could indicate metabolic obesity. METHODS AND FINDINGS: The pilot study included 10 women with obesity (BMI>30 kg/m2) and 6 women with normal body weight (control group). The levels of TNF-α, IL-8, sICAM1, calprotectin, MMP-9, MMP-2, and TLR2 were checked by using the ELISA technique. We proved that women with metabolic obesity had significantly increased concentrations of IL-8, calprotectin, and MMP-2 in comparison with healthy subjects. Significant positive correlations of BMI with TNF-α, IL-8, and MMP-2 were observed. Similarly, the content of fat (in kg and %) in the bodies of the women correlated positively with TNF-α, IL-8, and MMP-2. Whereas, the visceral adipose tissue (VAT) correlated positively only with TNF-α and MMP-2, similarly to VAT/SAT. The WHR (waist hip ratio) was also positively correlated with TNF-α and MMP-2. Interestingly, we found that the level of insulin positively correlated with TNF- α concentration, which additionally confirmed metabolic obesity. CONCLUSIONS: We found that positive correlations of body mass index were observed only with salivary concentrations of TNF-α, MMP-2, and IL-8. Thus, it is worth conducting a study among a larger number of people taking into account these three salivary components.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Índice de Massa Corporal , Citocinas/metabolismo , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Saliva/química , Proteínas e Peptídeos Salivares/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/metabolismo , Projetos Piloto
19.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 146(2): 307-314.e4, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554082

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advises that patients with moderate to severe asthma belong to a high-risk group that is susceptible to severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). However, the association between asthma and COVID-19 has not been well-established. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to determine the prevalence of asthma among patients with COVID-19 in a major US health system. We assessed the clinical characteristics and comorbidities in asthmatic and nonasthmatic patients with COVID-19. We also determined the risk of hospitalization associated with asthma and/or inhaled corticosteroid use. METHODS: Medical records of patients with COVID-19 were searched by a computer algorithm (March 1 to April 15, 2020), and chart review was used to validate the diagnosis of asthma and medications prescribed for asthma. All patients had PCR-confirmed COVID-19. Demographic and clinical features were characterized. Regression models were used to assess the associations between asthma and corticosteroid use and the risk of COVID-19-related hospitalization. RESULTS: Of 1526 patients identified with COVID-19, 220 (14%) were classified as having asthma. Asthma was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization (relative risk, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.77-1.19) after adjusting for age, sex, and comorbidities. The ongoing use of inhaled corticosteroids did not increase the risk of hospitalization in a similar adjusted model (relative risk, 1.39; 95% CI, 0.90-2.15). CONCLUSIONS: Despite a substantial prevalence of asthma in our COVID-19 cohort, asthma was not associated with an increased risk of hospitalization. Similarly, the use of inhaled corticosteroids with or without systemic corticosteroids was not associated with COVID-19-related hospitalization.


Assuntos
Asma/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Administração por Inalação , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Antiasmáticos/uso terapêutico , Asma/diagnóstico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/fisiopatologia , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Illinois/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Estatísticos , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20398, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481430

RESUMO

Assessment the prevalence of hypertension and its relation to selected indicators of health status and performance, including classification of BMI, obesity classifications, and body structure in a large test group of 19-year-old men.The study was observational-retrospective, and included a group of 17,282 men, aged 19, from the Malopolska region. All subjects met the qualifications for compulsory military service in 2017. We analyzed selected data obtained from the records of the Ministry of National Defense-spiral-ZINT. Data collection and analysis were carried out from April 1, 2018 to August 31, 2018.Hypertension was found at 0.6%, weak body structure at 0.8% and obesityco-existing with cardiorespiratory insufficiency has been reported 2.6% of respondents and it was more frequent in the recruiters from HT II than I. The underweight concerned almost 7%, and the overweight and obesity of 1/4 of conscripts. The vast majority of people with hypertension were characterized by excessive body weight (74.8%), mainly overweight.Hypertension was seen in a negligible percentage of males studied and was significantly associated with an increase in BMI, particularly with regards to being overweight.


Assuntos
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Medicina Militar/normas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Medicina Militar/métodos , Medicina Militar/estatística & dados numéricos , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/diagnóstico , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Polônia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Magreza/diagnóstico , Magreza/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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