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1.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 30, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384345

RESUMO

Introduction: In Ghana, there is no data regarding physical activity habits and lipid profiles of students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between physical activities, Body Mass Index (BMI) and lipid profile of students in Ghana. Methods: Cluster and systematic sampling techniques were employed to recruit 120 students, aged 18 years and above. This cross-sectional study was carried out among students from the University of Ghana. Biochemical analysis was conducted analysing total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL) and triglycerides (TG) in serum samples. Anthropometry measurements were also taken and BMI calculated. The physical activities, undertaken over a 7-day period, by the students were assessed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Results: 31.7% and 21.7% of the students were overweight and obese respectively. 61.5% of the obese students were engaged in high level physical activity as compared to 45.5% and 36.8% of the normal and overweight students, respectively. Normal weight students and overweight students showed significant differences in means of TC; [(4.56 ± 0.930 mmol/L) and (5.06 ± 0.93 mmol/L), respectively] and also between normal weight group (4.54 ± 0.93 mmol/L) and the obese students (5.24 ± 1.18 mmol/L). Significant correlations were also observed between TG, TC and BMI; and TC and TG, HDL and a strong correlation between LDL and TC (r=0.967). Conclusion: Strong correlations between BMI, physical activity and lipid profile indices among students in Ghana. Comprehensive efforts should be applied to reduce the incidence of CVDs among students.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Exercício/fisiologia , Lipídeos/sangue , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Análise por Conglomerados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(31): e16323, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374004

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to conduct a more comprehensive analysis of the association between psoriasis and abnormal lipid metabolism.The case-control study included 222 psoriatic patients and 445 non-psoriatic control patients matched for age and gender. Clinical parameters included age, gender, and body mass index (BMI). Serum lipid levels were recorded and included cholesterol (CHO), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), phospholipids (PLIP), free fatty acids (FFA), lipoprotein (a) [Lp(a)], and apolipoproteins (apoA1, apoB, and apoE). Statistical analysis was carried out through the IBM Statistical Package for the Social Studies version 23.0.Compared with controls, levels of BMI and the prevalence of obesity were significantly higher in psoriatic patients. The results revealed that when compared to controls, significant elevation of serum TG (P <.001) and Lp(a) (P = .022) was observed. Levels of HDL (P <.001) and apoA1 (P <.001) were significantly lower in psoriatic patients. There was no significant difference in CHO (P = .367), LDL (P = .400), apoB (P = .294), apoE (P = .05), PLIP (P = .931) and FFA (P = .554) between patients and controls. The levels of CHO, TG, PLIP, FFA, and apoE were positively correlated with BMI level.Dyslipidemia was more common in psoriatic patients, compared with non-psoriatic controls.


Assuntos
Dislipidemias/etiologia , Obesidade/etiologia , Psoríase/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Apolipoproteínas B/análise , Apolipoproteínas B/sangue , Apolipoproteínas E/análise , Apolipoproteínas E/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , LDL-Colesterol/análise , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lisina Acetiltransferase 5/análise , Lisina Acetiltransferase 5/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Psoríase/epidemiologia , Psoríase/fisiopatologia
5.
6.
BMJ ; 366: l4067, 2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31270083

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in Norway over five decades and to assess the differential influence of the obesogenic environment on BMI according to genetic predisposition. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: General population of Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: 118 959 people aged 13-80 years who participated in a longitudinal population based health study (Nord-Trøndelag Health Study, HUNT), of whom 67 305 were included in analyses of association between genetic predisposition and BMI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: BMI. RESULTS: Obesity increased in Norway starting between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s and, compared with older birth cohorts, those born after 1970 had a substantially higher BMI already in young adulthood. BMI differed substantially between the highest and lowest fifths of genetic susceptibility for all ages at each decade, and the difference increased gradually from the 1960s to the 2000s. For 35 year old men, the most genetically predisposed had 1.20 kg/m2 (95% confidence interval 1.03 to 1.37 kg/m2) higher BMI than those who were least genetically predisposed in the 1960s compared with 2.09 kg/m2 (1.90 to 2.27 kg/m2) in the 2000s. For women of the same age, the corresponding differences in BMI were 1.77 kg/m2 (1.56 to 1.97 kg/m2) and 2.58 kg/m2 (2.36 to 2.80 kg/m2). CONCLUSIONS: This study provides evidence that genetically predisposed people are at greater risk for higher BMI and that genetic predisposition interacts with the obesogenic environment resulting in higher BMI, as observed between the mid-1980s and mid-2000s. Regardless, BMI has increased for both genetically predisposed and non-predisposed people, implying that the environment remains the main contributor.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Obesidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noruega/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 759-764, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357794

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the correlation between alcohol consumption and obesity in adults in China. Methods: The information about alcohol consumption were collected at the baseline survey of the China Kadoorie Biobank. The general obesity and central obesity were defined by BMI and waist circumference (WC) respectively. Logistic regression model was employed to examine the relationship of drinking behavior with general obesity and central obesity. Results: A total of 249 873 adults were included. A J-shaped relationship was observed between alcohol consumption and obesity measurement index (BMI and WC) in men. Compared with non-drinkers, the proportion of general obesity and central obesity were lower in light drinkers (men: OR=0.65, 95%CI: 0.59-0.71 and OR=0.93, 95%CI: 0.88-0.98; women: OR=0.77, 95%CI: 0.65-0.91 and OR=0.89, 95%CI: 0.80-0.99). In men, the proportion of general obesity and central obesity was highest in heavy drinkers (OR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.12-1.32; OR=1.33, 95%CI: 1.27-1.40). BMI and WC were higher in those with a drinking frequency of 3-5 d/week, with largest of proportion of central obesity (men: OR=1.23, 95%CI: 1.16-1.31; women: OR=1.13, 95%CI: 0.99-1.28). The risk for central obesity in men who began drinking every week before 20 years old was 1.24 times higher than non-drinkers (95%CI: 1.16-1.33). Those who drank beer had lower proportion of general obesity (men: OR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.67-0.82; women: OR=0.54, 95%CI: 0.43-0.68). Conclusion: The proportion of obesity was lower in light drinkers but higher in heavy drinkers; and the earlier drinking started, the higher the risk for obesity was.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 845-850, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340315

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity and its association with sleep quality in university students from the Anhui province in China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in China with 1328 participants. The prevalence of underweight and obesity in university students was estimated according to the reference working group on obesity in China. The sleep quality was evaluated using the standard PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index). RESULTS: This study included 470 male and 858 female students from a university in Anhui; 4.4% of the females and 17.7% of the males were overweight or obese. The prevalence of obesity in males was significantly higher than in females, and the prevalence of obesity in higher years was greater than in other years (p<0.05). In general, the mean score for sleep quality was 4.91±2.67; 36.5% of male and 39.1% of female students had poor sleep quality (PSQI score >5). Among the seven components of sleep quality, sleep duration and the use of sleep medication showed significant differences between male and female students and different years (p<0.05). An obvious correlation was found between sleep quality and body mass index (BMI)(p<0.000) in females who took hypnotic drugs. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the sleep quality of females is probably associated with their BMI. College students are a special group of young adults whose cause of poor sleeping quality and BMI may be significant to study, so the health status of university students can be improved.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/fisiopatologia , Sono/fisiologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Magreza/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Valores de Referência , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Magreza/complicações , Magreza/epidemiologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16438, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335698

RESUMO

In many types of surgery, obesity may influence patient selection, prognosis, and/or management. Quantifying the accuracy of the coding of obesity and other prognostic factors is important for the design and interpretation of studies of surgical outcomes based on administrative healthcare data. This study assessed the validity of obesity diagnoses recorded in insurance claims data in selected surgical populations.This was a retrospective, observational study. Deidentified electronic health record (EHR) and linked administrative claims data were obtained for US patients age ≥20 years who underwent a qualifying surgical procedure (bariatric surgery, total knee arthroplasty [TKA], cardiac ablation, or hernia repair) in 2014Q1-2017Q1 (first = index). Patients' body mass index (BMI) as coded in the claims data (error-prone measure) during the index procedure or 180d pre-index was compared with their measured BMI as recorded in the EHR (criterion standard) to estimate the sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of obesity diagnosis codes.Among patients who underwent bariatric surgery (N = 1422), TKA (N = 8670), cardiac ablation (N = 167), or hernia repair (N = 5450), obesity was present in 98%, 63%, 52%, and 54%, respectively, based on measured BMI. PPVs of obesity diagnosis codes were high: 99.3%, 96.0%, 92.8%, and 94.1% in bariatric surgery, TKA, cardiac ablation, and hernia repair, respectively. The sensitivity of obesity diagnoses was: 99.8%, 46.2%, 41.3%, and 42.3% in bariatric surgery, TKA, cardiac ablation, and hernia repair, respectively. Among false-positive patients diagnosed as obese but with measured BMI <30, the proportion with a BMI ≥28 was 40.0%, 67.6%, 60.7%, and 65.8% for bariatric surgery, TKA, cardiac ablation, and hernia repair, respectively.Our data indicate that obesity is highly prevalent in many surgical populations, obesity diagnosis codes have high PPVs, but also obesity is generally undercoded in claims data. Quantifying the validity of diagnosis codes for obesity and other important prognostic factors is important for the design and interpretation of studies of surgical outcomes based on administrative data. Further research is needed to determine the extent to which undercoding of BMI and obesity can be addressed through the use of proxies that may be better documented in claims data.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Ablação por Cateter , Codificação Clínica , Herniorrafia , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Massa Corporal , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Ablação por Cateter/estatística & dados numéricos , Codificação Clínica/métodos , Codificação Clínica/normas , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Herniorrafia/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pacientes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16400, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305449

RESUMO

Obesity is a common cardiovascular risk factor in psoriatic disease. Although the prevalence of obesity is high, the factors associated with it in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) are poorly understood. We aimed to analyze the frequency and obesity-associated factors in a cohort of PsA.This retrospective cross-sectional study included 290 consecutive patients with PsA according to CASPAR criteria. Three-hundred ten psoriatic patients without arthritis and 600 outpatients without inflammatory conditions were used as comparison populations. The factors associated with obesity were analyzed first using conditional logistic regression. The significant factors in this first model were introduced in a multivariate model using a backward step approach.This series included 159 men (54.8%) and 131 women (45.2%), with an average age of 54 ±â€Š12 years. Obesity was more common both in psoriasis (36.5% vs 22%, OR 2.1 [95%CI: 1.5-2.8), P < .01]) and PsA (27.6% vs 22%, OR 1.4 [95%CI: 1.0-1.9], P < .05) than in the non-inflammatory population. Obesity was more frequent in psoriasis (36.5%) than in PsA (27.6%), OR 1.5 95% CI: 1.1 to 2.1, P < .05. After correcting for age, sex, disease duration, and other confounders, independent associations with obesity (P < .05) were: PsA family history (OR 3.6, 95%CI: 1.1-12.4), evolution as axial disease (OR 4.4, 95%CI: 1.0-15.4), and dyslipidemia (OR 3.5, 95%CI: 1.5-8.6).Obesity is common in psoriatic disease, but much more frequent among patients with cutaneous than joint disease. Patients who present with spondylitis during evolution are more prone to this comorbidity, and therefore, should be closely monitored to correct this eventuality in a timely manner.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMJ ; 366: l2408, 2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between the consumption of sugary drinks (such as sugar sweetened beverages and 100% fruit juices), artificially sweetened beverages, and the risk of cancer. DESIGN: Population based prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Overall, 101 257 participants aged 18 and over (mean age 42.2, SD 14.4; median follow-up time 5.1 years) from the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-2017) were included. Consumptions of sugary drinks and artificially sweetened beverages were assessed by using repeated 24 hour dietary records, which were designed to register participants' usual consumption for 3300 different food and beverage items. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prospective associations between beverage consumption and the risk of overall, breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer were assessed by multi-adjusted Fine and Gray hazard models, accounting for competing risks. Subdistribution hazard ratios were computed. RESULTS: The consumption of sugary drinks was significantly associated with the risk of overall cancer (n=2193 cases, subdistribution hazard ratio for a 100mL/d increase 1.18, 95% confidence interval 1.10 to 1.27, P<0.0001) and breast cancer (693, 1.22, 1.07 to 1.39, P=0.004). The consumption of artificially sweetened beverages was not associated with the risk of cancer. In specific subanalyses, the consumption of 100% fruit juice was significantly associated with the risk of overall cancer (2193, 1.12, 1.03 to 1.23, P=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: In this large prospective study, the consumption of sugary drinks was positively associated with the risk of overall cancer and breast cancer. 100% fruit juices were also positively associated with the risk of overall cancer. These results need replication in other large scale prospective studies. They suggest that sugary drinks, which are widely consumed in Western countries, might represent a modifiable risk factor for cancer prevention. STUDY REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03335644.


Assuntos
Bebidas/efeitos adversos , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Edulcorantes/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16611, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348309

RESUMO

Although unilateral primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common surgically correctable cause of hypertension, the cure rate varies widely. The predicting factors related to uncured hypertension are not completely established. This study was designed to determine predicting factors associated with resolution of hypertension after adrenalectomy for PA.The records of unilateral PA patients who had undergone retroperitoneal laparoscopic adrenalectomy were retrospectively reviewed from January 2010 to December 2017 in a single center. Patient demographics and preoperative factors were analyzed, including age, sex, smoking history, family history of hypertension, the presence of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, biochemical results and tumor characteristics. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used for statistical assessment.126 patients with unilateral PA were enrolled, and the mean age at the time of surgery was 54.2 years. Of these patients, 74 (58.7%) were women, and the mean BMI and duration of hypertension were 26 kg/m and 61 months, respectively. Hypertension was cured in 46% patients, of the patients with uncured hypertension, 91% had improved control of hypertension. In univariate analysis, age (P = .03), BMI (P = .01), duration of hypertension >5 years (P = .03), preoperative antihypertensive agents>2 (P = .02), contralateral abnormalities (P = .03) were the main factors related to uncured hypertension after adrenalectomy. In multivariate regression analysis, uncured hypertension was independently associated with obesity (25.00-29.99: odds ratio [OR], 2.97, P < .02; ≥30: OR, 6.42, P < .01), duration of hypertension >5 years (OR, 6.25, P < .01), preoperative antihypertensive agents >2 (OR, 5.30, P < .001), and contralateral adrenal abnormalities (OR, 8.38, P < .01).The hypertension cure rate of unilateral adrenalectomy in PA is not high. Obesity, duration of hypertension >5 years, preoperative antihypertensive agents >2 and contralateral adrenal abnormalities were independently associated with uncured hypertension.


Assuntos
Adrenalectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/complicações , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(7): 657-660, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31288333

RESUMO

Obesity, related cardiometabolic disorders (including high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and high fasting glucose etc.) and unhealthy lifestyles are now epidemic. These cardiovascular risk factors can track from childhood into adulthood, thereby increasing risk of cardiovascular disease in adulthood. Thus, it is important and necessary to establish children cohort study, to examine the effects of childhood cardiovascular risk factors on abnormal subclinical cardiovascular structure and function in adolescence and adulthood, then to take specific and effective measures for prevention, intervention and control. This will have important public health implications for the prevention of adult cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(9): 2543-2554, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296475

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Today there exists few intervention researches on cerebro-vascular function in populations at high risk of stroke in China. METHODS: Patients more than 40 years old, with at least 1 of stroke risk factors were recruited from outpatient department in 3 hospitals. A quasi-experimental design was performed by assigning participants into 3 groups: comprehensive intervention group, health education group, and control group. Participants in the control group received no intervention but were informed of risk factors of stroke. For health education group, a health education class was performed. Except to the health education program, participants in the comprehensive intervention group received an additional health life and behavior guidance. RESULTS: After the intervention, the Cerebro-Vascular Function Scores (CVFS) had significant differences among 3 groups (F = 5.252, P < 0.05). There was a significant increase in CVFS compared to the control group (P = 0.003, 95%CI: 1.552-8.493). Significantly changes in obesity were observed in comprehensive intervention group before and after the intervention (χ2 = 9.0747, P = 0.0026). The results of logistic regression showed that comprehensive intervention group had a significant decrease in prevalence of obesity (OR = 0.482, 95% CI: 0.242-0.961) compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Health education on stroke in a high-risk population combined with guidance on proper health life and behavior can be effective in preventing stroke.


Assuntos
Circulação Cerebrovascular , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/métodos , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Estilo de Vida Saudável , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(9): 2414-2420, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301986

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stroke is a highly prevalent disease with consequent mortality and morbidity. Few community based studies have been conducted only in upper Egypt to estimate prevalence of stroke. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to find out the prevalence of stroke in Fayoum Governorate & to study some associated risk factors. METHODS: through this community based cross-sectional study 4784 participants aged more than or equal to 18 years old were enrolled. A multi-stage random sample technique was followed to choose the study sample. A predesigned interviewer-administered structured questionnaire was used. Suspected stroke case by screening questionnaire was referred to the neurologist. RESULTS: The Crude prevalence of stroke was 16 out of 1000 with confidence interval of proportion (12.6%-19.7%). The age adjusted local (Fayoum 2017 census) prevalence rate was 7.97 out of 1000, age adjusted prevalence rate (Egypt population 2017) was 1.05 out of 1000. Age-adjusted World Health Organization standard world population prevalence rate was 1.69 out of 1000. The crude prevalence of ischemic stroke was significantly higher than hemorrhagic stroke 11.9 versus 3.9 out of 1000 population. The most prevalent risk factor was smoking among males, followed by obesity then hypertension. The prevalence of stroke was significantly higher among participants affected with hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, obesity, and smoking. Logistic regression analysis showed that having hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, atrial fibrillation, obesity, and smoking were reported risk factors of stroke. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of stroke in Fayoum governorate was 1.6%. Hypertension, diabetes, heart diseases, obesity, and smoking were reported risk factors of stroke.


Assuntos
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Egito/epidemiologia , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e056, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271568

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the association between weight status and ΔDMFS among 12-year-old schoolchildren from South Brazil. A total of 801 12-year-old schoolchildren were followed-up for 2.5 ± 0.3 years. Data collection included questionnaire, recording of anthropometric measures (height and weight), and caries examination. The outcome was the difference between DMFS (number of decayed, missing or filled surfaces) at follow-up and baseline (ΔDMFS). Weight status, based on body mass index-for-age Z-scores, was considered the main predictor variable. Negative binomial regression models were used to model the association, and rate ratios and their 95% confidence intervals were estimated. A multivariable fractional polynomial model was used to further explore the relationship between obesity and dental caries. DMFS increased by 0.86 (95%CI = 0.65-1.07), 0.91 (95%CI = 0.59-1.23), and 0.42 (95%CI = 0.03-0.80) for normal weight, overweight, and obese schoolchildren, respectively. Obese adolescents had significantly lower ΔDMFS than normal weight ones (p < 0.05). No significant association between categories of weight status and ΔDMFS was found (overweight, IRR=0.92, 95%CI = 0.69-1.21, p = 0.54; obese IRR = 0.75, 95%CI = 0.51-1.12, p = 0.16). However, the multivariable fractional polynomial model showed an inverted U shaped relationship with a decreasing ΔDMFS with increasing BMI (p < 0.05). This population-based longitudinal study showed an inverse association between obesity and ΔDMFS over a 2.5-year period among South Brazilian adolescents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/etiologia , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Índice CPO , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Sobrepeso/complicações , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
19.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 661, 2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31146734

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has the largest obese population in the world, and the prevalence of central obesity is increasing dramatically in China. Moreover, the rapid economic growth of China in recent decades has led to rapid urbanization in rural China. However, studies comparing the prevalence trends of different types of obesity and the association of obesity with hypertension between urban and rural areas in China are very scarce, and most studies have focused only on the difference in the prevalence of overweight and general obesity or hypertension among rural and urban populations. Therefore, the focus of this study was to examine the shifts in the overall distribution of the prevalence of different types of obesity and to estimate the risk of hypertension in different types of obesity among urban and rural adults aged 18-65 years. METHODS: Seven iterations of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS), conducted in 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011, were used in this study. A total of 53,636 participants aged 18-65 years were included. Obesity was classified into three types based on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). A log-binomial model was constructed to estimate the prevalence ratio (PR) of hypertension with three types of obesity. RESULTS: The age-standardized prevalence of central obesity only, general obesity only, and both central and general obesity increased from 15.8, 0.2 and 2.9% in 1993 to 30.3, 0.9 and 10.3% in 2011, respectively. The prevalence of central obesity only (urban vs. rural: 20.8% vs. 13.4% in 1993, 29.6% vs. 30.6% in 2011) and both central and general obesity (urban vs. rural: 3.5% vs. 2.5% in 1993, 10.0% vs. 10.6% in 2011) in rural adults exceeded that in urban adults in 2011. Participants with both central and general obesity had the highest risk for incident hypertension compared with those with normal body measurements (adjusted PR, urban: 2.30 (95% CI, 2.01-2.63), rural: 2.50 (95% CI, 2.25-2.77)). CONCLUSIONS: Both WC and BMI should be considered measures of obesity and targeted in hypertension prevention. More attention should be paid to the incidence of central obesity in adults in rural China.


Assuntos
Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Obesidade Abdominal/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura , Adulto Jovem
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(23): e15878, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31169693

RESUMO

Obesity is a significant public health concern that predisposes individuals to a high risk of premature mortality. Previous studies also reported that low serum concentrations of AMY1 have been associated with obesity. The aimed of the study to assess the relationship between salivary amylase (AMY1) activity and body mass index (BMI) in Saudi male and female adults in Riyadh. This study included a total of 200 (100 individuals who were overweight and obese and 100 who had normal body weight [control individuals]) Saudi participants aged 20 to 50 years old. They were recruited from physical fitness clubs and were school employees in Riyadh City. The dietary food intake was assessed using a 24-hour dietary recall. The activity of the AMY1 was measured using a microplate fluorescence reader. A significant (P ≤ .05) increase was observed in the incidence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus (DM), and family history of overweight and obesity in overweight and obese individuals than in the control individuals, and these were in parallel to the significant increase in weight, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and BMI. A significant (P ≤ .05) increase was also observed in the carbohydrate and total fat dietary intake of overweight and obese individuals in relation to the respective dietary reference intake (DRI) values. AMY1 activity was significantly lower than the reference values in the overweight and obese group. Furthermore, AMY1 activity was significantly (P ≤ .05) reverse with weight, WC, HC, and BMI in both males and females in the overweight and obese group. In conclusion, the Saudi overweight and obese population seems to be at risk of low AMY1, which correlates with their obesity.


Assuntos
Amilases/análise , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Saliva/química , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Pesos e Medidas Corporais , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Dieta , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
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