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1.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 176, 2023 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36698096

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although several studies have evaluated the association between patterns of beverage consumption with different components of quality of life separately, the findings are controversial. In addition, none have examined all components of quality of life together in relation to patterns of beverage consumption. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the association between healthy beverage index (HBI) and quality of life among overweight and obese women. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, 210 obese and overweight women were recruited from health centers in Tehran, Iran. Using reliable and verified standard protocols, data on beverage intake, socio-demographic, physical activity, and anthropometric variables were assessed. Based on past studies, the predetermined HBI was estimated. Serum samples were used to determine biochemical characteristics, and quality of life was assessed using SF-36 questionnaires. RESULTS: There was a significant association between total QoL score with T2 tertile of HBI in the adjusted model (ß: 13.11, 95% CI: 1.52, 24.69, p-value = 0.027). General health had a significant negative association with T2 (ß: -5.83; 95% CI: - 11.48, - 0.18; p-value = 0.043) and T3 (ß: -6.20; 95% CI: - 12.37, - 0.03; p-value = 0.049). Women with greater adherence to the HBI had a higher physical functioning score, and there was a significant upward trend from the second to the third tertile (7.74 vs 0.62) (-trend = 0.036). There was a significant positive association between mental health with T3 of HBI (ß: 4.26; 95% CI: 1.51, 5.98; p-value = 0.015) and a significant increasing trend was observed with increasing tertiles (P-trend = 0.045). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, there is a significant association between total QoL score, and its components, with HBI among overweight and obese women. However, additional well-designed studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Feminino , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Bebidas , Nível de Saúde
2.
Nutrients ; 15(2)2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36678222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has been established to provide long-term weight loss in severe obesity. In this study, we investigated the factors that affect post-operative weight loss, with a particular focus on changes in eating behaviors. METHODS: Time-course changes in body weight and eating behaviors were examined in 49 Japanese patients who underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy from the first visit to 12 months after surgery. Each eating behavior was evaluated via the questionnaire of the Japan Society for the Study of Obesity. RESULTS: Pre-operative weight reduction mediated by dietary and lifestyle interventions showed significant positive correlations with weight loss outcomes at 12 months after surgery. We observed significant decreases in scores for most of the eating behaviors 12 months after surgery. However, "emotional eating behavior" scores declined temporarily in the early post-operative period of one month but thereafter returned to the pre-operative level at 12 months. Furthermore, increases in the scores for "emotional eating behavior" and "sense of hunger" from 1 to 12 months post-operatively were significantly associated with poor weight loss. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate the beneficial effects of MBS on obesity-related eating behaviors, as well as highlighting "emotional eating behavior" as requiring particular attention.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/psicologia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Gastrectomia/métodos , Redução de Peso
3.
BMC Public Health ; 23(1): 135, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36658514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity represent huge concerns for children's physical and mental well-being. This study examined the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), somatoform complaints, and behavioral problems in children and adolescents. Additionally, the influence of sex, age, and socioeconomic status (SES) on these associations was considered. METHODS: In total, we studied 2350 participants between the ages of 4 and 18 years (1213 4- to 10-years-old (child sample) and 1137 11-to 18-year-olds (adolescent sample)). To assess HRQoL, somatoform complaints, and behavioral difficulties, we applied the KIDSCREEN-27, a short form of the Giessen Complaints Questionnaire, and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). The BMI was transformed to BMI standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS), according to German gender- and age-specific reference data. Associations were investigated using linear regression analyses. Each association was checked for interaction with sex, age, and SES. RESULTS: Regarding HRQoL, we found worsening scores in physical well-being and psychological well-being with increasing BMI-SDS. Somatoform complaints were not significantly associated with BMI-SDS. Conduct problems, peer relationship problems, and emotional problems (the latter only in the adolescent sample) were positively associated with BMI-SDS. While we did not observe any significant interactions with sex, we found some significant interactions with age and/or SES. CONCLUSION: Our findings highlight the importance of mental difficulties in children and adolescents with higher BMI and, consequently, underline the relevance of including psychological interventions in the treatment of overweight or obesity.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Sobrepeso , Criança , Adolescente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Affect Disord ; 320: 319-329, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social and interpersonal context are associated with the onset and persistence of psychiatric disorders. We compared the effects of short-term interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) on weight loss, binge eating behaviors, and depressive symptoms against cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), health education (HE), and behavioral weight loss (BWL). METHODS: We searched until May 28th, 2022 following databases: PubMed, CINAHL, Science Direct, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus. Articles on parallel randomized clinical trials were included. Outcomes were body mass index (BMI), binge days (bulimic episode), and depressive symptoms. These outcomes were self-reported or measured with specific scales (BMI) or instrument (depressive symptoms). RESULTS: The initial search retrieved 820 articles, a total of 10 studies met the eligibility criteria, and seven were included in the meta-analysis. Participants with overweight/obesity were women (62-100 %), aged between 11 and 50 years. There was a trivial to small effect on BMI favoring IPT over other interventions (standardized mean difference [SMD] = -0.10; 95%CI: -0.27 to 0.07, I2 = 0 %), especially when compared to health education (SMD = -0.21; 95%CI: -0.54 to 0.12, I2 = 0 %); no effect on number of binge days (SMD = -0.09; 95%CI: -0.30 to 0.11, I2 = 0 %); and a small effect on depressive symptoms (SMD = -0.25, 95%CI = -0.50 to 0.00, I2 = 0 %). LIMITATIONS: Small number of studies, the discrepancy in age cohorts, and racial diversity. Psychotherapeutic protocols and assessment tools had to be adapted across studies. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with overweight/obesity and depression had some benefit from IPT when compared with other interventions. In view of existing evidence, an IPT program adapted to obesity could help to achieve reliable and long-term effects.


Assuntos
Psicoterapia Interpessoal , Psicoterapia , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Psicoterapia/métodos , Sobrepeso/terapia , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/psicologia , Redução de Peso
5.
Physiol Behav ; 258: 114028, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36368562

RESUMO

Food cues are ubiquitous in today's environment; however, there is heterogeneity as to the extent to which these cues impact eating behavior among individuals. This study examines the validity and reliability of the Food Cue Responsivity Scale (FCRS) to assess responsivity to distinct types of food cues. Items gathered from existing measures were combined in the FCRS to reflect two subdomains, uncontrolled eating behavior and cognitive rumination. The criterion validity of the FCRS was established using a paradigm that assesses psychophysiological responsivity to a craved food among adults with overweight or obesity. Higher overall FCRS scores were associated with greater physiological responsivity to food exposures. These findings may help identify specific phenotypes of individuals with overweight or obesity with high responsivity to food cues, which could be used to understand overeating and response to weight-loss programs.


Assuntos
Sinais (Psicologia) , Sobrepeso , Humanos , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia , Obesidade/psicologia
6.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 61-67, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36565965

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A complex and bidirectional relationship between eating and psychological symptoms in individuals with obesity has been proposed. This study aims to identify the specific processes playing a role in this association, using a data-driven approach. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-four adults with obesity, including 106 (36 %) with binge-eating disorder, were consecutively admitted to a specialized public center. They completed self-report questionnaires to assess emotion regulation, interpersonal problems, self-esteem, binge-eating symptoms, and expectancies regarding eating behaviors. To assess the interplay among eating and psychological variables, a network analysis was used. The bridge function analysis was also performed to identify the bridge nodes among three communities (eating symptoms, interpersonal and emotional problems). RESULTS: The network was stable. Limited access to emotion regulation strategies, eating helps manage negative affect, and non-assertiveness were the nodes with the highest strength centrality. Lack of emotional clarity, non-assertiveness, socially inhibition, and binge-eating were the nodes with the highest bridge strength. LIMITATIONS: The main limitation of the study is the cross-sectional nature of the findings which prevents to infer causality regarding the association between symptoms in the network. DISCUSSION: An interplay between eating symptoms and affective and interpersonal factors characterizes individuals with obesity. Across the variety of psychological problems associated with obesity, the present study suggests specific psychological variables and their connections that could be addressed to improve treatment outcome.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar , Bulimia , Regulação Emocional , Adulto , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estudos Transversais , Obesidade/psicologia , Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar/complicações , Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar/psicologia , Bulimia/complicações
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36554394

RESUMO

Obesity is a major worldwide health problem, causing an ongoing and decades-long pandemic, which the WHO has termed the "global obesity epidemic", concurrent with the COVID-19 pandemic [...].


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , COVID-19 , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cirurgia Bariátrica/psicologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/psicologia
8.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 13: 1076696, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36561565

RESUMO

Obesity is highly stigmatized, and individuals who undergo bariatric surgery are subject not only to weight stigma, but also to stigma related to the procedure itself. Patients lost to follow-up after surgery make estimating the amount of regain occurring after surgery difficult, and often patients fail to follow up due the shame of weight regain. Patients report difficulty following the diet necessary to maintain weight loss. Additionally, when they seek support after surgery, they often encounter stigmatizing messaging related to weight. Weight bias internalization, weight stigma, and stigma about having the surgery all contribute to feelings of social isolation, disordered eating, and reduced motivation to engage in physical activity. In this chapter, we present evidence for the impact of stigma on bariatric surgery outcomes and discuss the behavioral, physiological, and emotional processes that contribute to weight regain.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Preconceito de Peso , Humanos , Obesidade/cirurgia , Obesidade/psicologia , Dieta , Aumento de Peso
9.
Biol Futur ; 73(4): 483-493, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36495402

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of treadmill exercise training on obesity-induced behavioral changes in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced male rats. In this study, 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups after they were weaned: Control (C), Exercise (E), Obese (O) and Obese + Exercise (O + E). For the obesity model % 60 high-fat diet were applied. After obesity was induced, rats were either moderate aerobic exercise (treadmill running) trained or left untrained. Different tasks to assess spatial learning and memory (Morris water maze test (MWMT)), depressive-like behavior (forced swimming test(FST), tail suspension test (TST) and anxiety-like behavior (light-dark test (LDT) and open field test (OFT)) were conducted. Exercise caused a significant reduction in duration of immobility in the O group in FST and the decrease in immobility in the O + E rats in TST. The O + E rats demonstrated a significant increase in the time spent in the light box as compared to the O group in the LDT. The O + E rats did not show any behavioral alterations as compared to all the other groups in the OFT. In the O + E group, there was a significant increase in the time spent in the target quadrant compared to the O group in the MWMT. Our results support that treadmill exercise could improve cognitive, depressive-like, anxiety-like behavioral changes in the HFD-induced obese rats.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ratos , Animais , Masculino , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/psicologia , Exercício Físico
10.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 1530, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36527028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-centred care models for acutely hospitalised people living with obesity are poorly understood and the quality of evidence low. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore and better understand the lived experience of people living with obesity, in the inpatient hospital context. DESIGN: A qualitative methodology using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used. Data were collected via a single semi-structured interview with each participant. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was completed at a metropolitan public health service. Ten previously hospitalised patients who live with obesity were included. RESULTS: Three main themes emerged: meeting physical care needs of people with obesity on hospital wards, interpersonal interactions between patients and healthcare professionals, and the psychosocial impact of being obese in the hospital setting. Priorities included timely provision of appropriate equipment and infrastructure design to meet care needs and facilitate better wellbeing. To improve patient experience, an emphasis on basic principles of quality care provision to enhance interpersonal interactions, along with improved awareness of the impact of weight bias and obesity stigma in healthcare are supported. Participants found hospitalisation stressful, but valued support from healthcare professionals regarding weight loss. DISCUSSION: These data provide new insights in to the lived experience of people living with obesity in the hospital setting. Items which are low cost, such as appropriately sized chairs and gowns, as well facilitators to independent mobility such as electric wheelchairs are suggested to improve both experience and care outcomes. Interpersonal interactions demonstrated obesity stigma in the hospital setting, with participants expressing the desire for more appropriate communication. People living with obesity self-reflected in the inpatient setting, suggesting that staff should be trained to utilise the opportunity to provide weight loss advice. CONCLUSIONS: The themes identified in this study provide insight into the lived experience of people with obesity in hospital. This understanding provides direction for the development of improved models of care for people living with obesity in this setting and beyond.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/psicologia , Redução de Peso , Pesquisa Qualitativa
11.
PeerJ ; 10: e14422, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36536625

RESUMO

Background: Few studies suggest the use of hypnosis in weight loss may be beneficial, especially when in conjunction with other lifestyle modifications or cognitive behavioral therapy. The primary aim of this study was to determine the ability of self-hypnosis audiotape to promote weight loss by measuring its effects on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of change stages and processes. Methods: This study is a 3-week randomized double-blinded parallel controlled trial among adults who have overweight or obesity. The intervention group listened to a self-hypnosis audio file while the control group listened to a placebo audio file. Results: Forty-six participants completed the 3-week follow-up visit. There was no association between progression across stages of change and self-hypnosis (X2(2, 46) = 1.909, p-value = 0.580). Gender, baseline BMD, and baseline S-weight had no effect on the association between stage change progression and self-hypnosis. The mean difference in weight at 3 weeks was -0.63 ± 0.43 kg in the hypnosis group and 0.0 ± 1.5 kg in the control group, independent t-test, p = 0.148. Conclusion: Self-hypnosis was not associated with a progression in the TTM's stages of change or with weight loss after 3 weeks. As this pilot study was underpowered, further research with larger sample size and an examination of the effect of various self-hypnosis content and duration is recommended.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Modelo Transteórico , Adulto , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Obesidade/psicologia , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Redução de Peso
12.
BMJ Open ; 12(11): e065995, 2022 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343999

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore ways to enhance the design of risk factor management and weight-loss services for people with overweight/obesity and atrial fibrillation (AF). BACKGROUND: AF is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, with serious consequences for health and quality of life. Some evidence indicates weight reduction in people with AF and overweight/obesity may improve symptoms. This population may require additional support with weight management due to factors associated with ageing and health. DESIGN: Qualitative investigation based on semi-structured interviews. METHODS: 12 adult participants (4 female, 8 male) with diagnosed AF and a current or previous body mass index >27 kg/m2 were recruited at a large tertiary cardiac referral centre in southern England between September 2020 and January 2021. Participants completed quality of life and AF symptom questionnaires using Think-Aloud technique and semi-structured interviews relating to their weight management experiences, needs and preferences. Interviews were audio recorded and analysed thematically using the Capability, Opportunity and Motivation-Behaviour model as a theoretical framework. RESULTS: Three main themes were identified. Being out of rhythm explores the psychological and physical impact of AF on weight management; doing the right thing discusses participants' weight management experiences and broaching the subject explores participants' perspectives on weight management conversations with clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: There was dissatisfaction with the weight management advice received from healthcare professionals including cardiologists. Participants wanted open, non-judgemental discussion of cardiac health implications of overweight/obesity supported by referral to weight management services. Improved communication including research findings regarding the benefits of weight loss as a factor in AF management might increase motivation to adhere to weight-loss advice in this population.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Fibrilação Atrial/psicologia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Redução de Peso , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
13.
Am J Psychiatry ; 179(12): 927-937, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Binge-eating disorder, the most prevalent eating disorder, is a serious public health problem associated with obesity, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, and functional impairments. Binge-eating disorder remains underrecognized and infrequently treated, and few evidence-based treatments exist. The authors tested the effectiveness of naltrexone-bupropion and behavioral weight loss therapy (BWL), alone and combined, for binge-eating disorder comorbid with obesity. METHODS: In a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial conducted from February 2017 to February 2021, using a 2×2 balanced factorial design, 136 patients with binge-eating disorder (81.6% women; mean age, 46.5 years; mean BMI, 37.1) were randomized to one of four 16-week treatments: placebo (N=34), naltrexone-bupropion (N=32), BWL+placebo (N=35), or BWL+naltrexone-bupropion (N=35). Overall, 81.7% of participants completed independent posttreatment assessments. RESULTS: Intention-to-treat binge-eating remission rates were 17.7% in the placebo group, 31.3% in the naltrexone-bupropion group, 37.1% in the BWL+placebo group, and 57.1% in the BWL+naltrexone-bupropion group. Logistic regression of binge-eating remission revealed that BWL was significantly superior to no BWL, and that naltrexone-bupropion was significantly superior to placebo, but there was no significant interaction between BWL and medication. Mixed models of complementary measures of binge-eating frequency also indicated that BWL was significantly superior to no BWL. The rates of participants attaining 5% weight loss were 11.8% in the placebo group, 18.8% in the naltrexone-bupropion group, 31.4% in the BWL+placebo group, and 38.2% in the BWL+naltrexone-bupropion group. Logistic regression of 5% weight loss and mixed models of percent weight loss both revealed that BWL was significantly superior to no BWL. Mixed models revealed significantly greater improvements for BWL than no BWL on secondary measures (eating disorder psychopathology, depression, eating behaviors, and cholesterol and HbA1c levels). CONCLUSIONS: BWL and naltrexone-bupropion were associated with significant improvements in binge-eating disorder, with a consistent pattern of BWL being superior to no BWL.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Transtorno da Compulsão Alimentar/tratamento farmacológico , Bupropiona/uso terapêutico , Naltrexona/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Redução de Peso , Terapia Comportamental , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego
14.
Nutrients ; 14(19)2022 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36235796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Emotional eating (EE) is prevalent in people seeking obesity treatment and is a contributor to poor weight loss outcomes. We aimed to delineate the emotions most associated with this type of eating, and whether they differ by sex in people undergoing obesity treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study recruiting 387 adults from a hospital obesity management service. Emotional eating was measured using the Emotional Eating Scale (EES). Separate analyses included all participants, and those undergoing lifestyle interventions alone or in combination with obesity medication and/or bariatric surgery. RESULTS: A total of 387 people (71% women) participated in the study (n = 187 receiving lifestyle modification alone; n = 200 in combination with additional treatments). Feeling 'bored' was most commonly and most strongly associated with the urge to eat, regardless of sex or treatment. Women had higher scores for total EES, for subscales of depression and anger, and individual feelings of 'blue', 'sad' and 'upset' compared to men. CONCLUSIONS: Understanding why certain emotions differentially trigger an urge to eat in men and women, and finding strategies to break the link between boredom and eating may enable better personalisation of lifestyle interventions for people with obesity.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Comportamento Alimentar , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Emoções , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Obes Facts ; 15(6): 736-752, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36279848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This Clinical Practice Guideline (CPG) for the management of obesity in adults in Ireland, adapted from the Canadian CPG, defines obesity as a complex chronic disease characterised by excess or dysfunctional adiposity that impairs health. The guideline reflects substantial advances in the understanding of the determinants, pathophysiology, assessment, and treatment of obesity. SUMMARY: It shifts the focus of obesity management toward improving patient-centred health outcomes, functional outcomes, and social and economic participation, rather than weight loss alone. It gives recommendations for care that are underpinned by evidence-based principles of chronic disease management; validate patients' lived experiences; move beyond simplistic approaches of "eat less, move more" and address the root drivers of obesity. KEY MESSAGES: People living with obesity face substantial bias and stigma, which contribute to increased morbidity and mortality independent of body weight. Education is needed for all healthcare professionals in Ireland to address the gap in skills, increase knowledge of evidence-based practice, and eliminate bias and stigma in healthcare settings. We call for people living with obesity in Ireland to have access to evidence-informed care, including medical, medical nutrition therapy, physical activity and physical rehabilitation interventions, psychological interventions, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. This can be best achieved by resourcing and fully implementing the Model of Care for the Management of Adult Overweight and Obesity. To address health inequalities, we also call for the inclusion of obesity in the Structured Chronic Disease Management Programme and for pharmacotherapy reimbursement, to ensure equal access to treatment based on health-need rather than ability to pay.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Sobrepeso , Adulto , Humanos , Irlanda , Canadá , Obesidade/terapia , Obesidade/psicologia , Sobrepeso/terapia , Redução de Peso , Doença Crônica
16.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1895, 2022 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adolescents and young adults around the world experience high rates of weight gain. The underlying eating behaviours that may lead to overconsumption of energy are complex and can depend on a number of factors. The aim of this study was to explore if eating behaviour among adolescents and young adults referred to specialized obesity treatment differed depending on sex, body composition, and parental country of birth. METHODS: Adolescents and young adults aged 16-25 years, referred for obesity treatment in 2018-2021 were included in the study. Eating behaviour was assessed using the Three Factor Eating Questionnaire, comprising domains of uncontrolled-, emotional- and cognitive restraint eating. Student's t-test was used to compare differences in eating behaviour scores between males and females, and between those having at least one parent born in a Nordic country and those with both parents born outside the Nordic countries. Associations between BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage, and eating behaviour as the dependent variable, were examined using linear regression. RESULTS: A total of 463 participants, mean age 21 years and mean BMI 41.3 kg/m2, were included in the analysis. Females scored statistically significantly higher than males on emotional eating (45.8 vs. 35.4, p = 0.002) and cognitive restraint eating (45.4 vs. 39.2, p = 0.009). Participants with at least one parent born in a Nordic country reported a statistically significantly lower score of uncontrolled eating (45.7 vs. 51.3, p = 0.02) compared to participants with both parents born outside the Nordic countries. Further, there were statistically significant inverse associations between cognitive restraint eating scores and BMI (ß=-0.64, 95%CI: -0.97 to -0.31), waist circumference (ß=-0.44, 95%CI: -0.61 to -0.27) and body fat percentage (ß=-0.57, 95%CI: -1.01 to -0.14) in models adjusted for age, sex, smoking, and civil status. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that sex and parental country of birth may influence eating behaviours among adolescents and young adults referred for specialist obesity treatment. We also found that cognitive restraint eating decreased with increasing BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage. This indicates that there may be an inverse association between the ability to restrain oneself from eating and gaining weight, however, the direction of the association must be investigated further. Increased knowledge about eating behaviours may be valuable in the clinical setting.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal , Comportamento Alimentar , Adolescente , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/terapia , Pais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Aumento de Peso , Adulto Jovem
17.
Health Psychol ; 41(12): 904-911, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36227311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Early life stress may be linked to adult obesity. Alternatively, social support can buffer the effects of stress. The study's objective was to examine in a nationally representative sample, whether adolescent interpersonal and financial stress predict later obesity in adulthood and whether social support and social cohesion might buffer this effect. METHOD: The sample includes 6,504 participants across four waves in the Add Health dataset. Researchers created a structural equation model whereby latent measures of interpersonal stress and financial stress during adolescence were used to predict obesity (Body Mass Index, BMI ≥ 30) at Wave 4, 14 years later. Latent measures of social support and social cohesion were added to observe whether they buffered the effect of stress on adult BMI. Covariates included race/ethnicity, gender, self-rated health, smoking status, and age. RESULTS: In an initial model of interpersonal and financial stressors and covariates predicting BMI, interpersonal stress (p < .001) but not financial stress (p > .05) predicted adult BMI. In the full model including stressors, buffers and covariates, social support (p < .001) and social cohesion (p = .038) negatively predicted adult BMI, and they covaried with interpersonal stress in opposing directions, buffering the effects of interpersonal stress on adult BMI. CONCLUSIONS: Stressful interpersonal life events in adolescence such as having family members in jail or being the victim of a crime are linked to adult obesity 14 years later. However, these stress effects are buffered by the effects of social support and social cohesion, which are linked to lower adult BMI. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2022 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Obesidade , Apoio Social , Adulto , Adolescente , Humanos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Etnicidade
18.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 184(42)2022 10 17.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36305256

RESUMO

Obesity stigma refers to the pervasive sociocultural disapproval and prejudice against people with obesity which is associated with different negative traits. The stigmatisation of people with obesity manifests itself in different social areas, both privately and publicly, including in the health care system, often resulting in negative physical, social, and psychological consequences for people with obesity. Consequently, it is imperative that healthcare professionals seek to avoid and take action against this type of stigmatisation, e.g. when communicating about weight.


Assuntos
Preconceito , Estigma Social , Humanos , Estereotipagem , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/psicologia , Atenção à Saúde
19.
Turk Psikiyatri Derg ; 33(3): 180-186, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês, Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36148568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between suicide possibilities, defense mechanisms, and eating awareness of patients who have undergone bariatric surgery. METHOD: The study sample consisted of 101 patients who had bariatric surgery in a private hospital. People who had at least six months from the date of surgery, who had no pregnancy, and who did not give birth after surgery were included in the study. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire, Suicide Probability Scale, and the Defense Style Questionnaire were applied to the participants. RESULTS: While the average age of the sample was 52.46±9.72, 54.5% (n=55) were male. Within one year after the operation, 33.7% of (n=34) patients had lost weight between 21-30 kg, while 21.8% (n=22) had lost weight between 11-20 kg. Suicide probability scale scores are predicted by emotional eating (ß=0.272, p=0.004), neurotic defense mechanism (ß=0.284, p=0.003) and current body mass index (ß=0.258, p=0.008). CONCLUSION: The possibility of suicide after bariatric surgery is closely related to emotional eating, neurotic defense mechanisms, and body mass index. The solution to the problem of emotional eating rather than decreasing the body mass index may be more effective in decreasing the suicide possibilities of the patients. Therefore, in patients undergoing bariatric surgery, emotional eating is one of the problems that should be handled both before and after surgery.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Suicídio , Cirurgia Bariátrica/psicologia , Mecanismos de Defesa , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/psicologia , Probabilidade
20.
Cas Lek Cesk ; 161(3-4): 118-125, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36100449

RESUMO

This document was created based on the need to standardize the psychological examination procedure prior to bariatric surgery. A valuable inspiration was the recommendations issued by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery. Bariatric or metabolic surgery has an undeniable positive effect in the treatment of obesity, in terms of improving somatic diseases, psychological disorders and psychosocial functioning. At the same time, it introduces major changes in the individual's life to which he or she must adapt. The treatment of obesity by surgery requires a fundamental change in lifestyle and the lifelong cooperation of the patient with the entire therapeutic team. Psychological care is a standard part of the entire treatment process. The role of the psychologist is not exclusively diagnostic. In indicated cases, it offers preoperative and postoperative psychological intervention, education and cooperation in the development of an individual treatment plan. Its aim is to deepen the patient's motivation to comply with dietary and regimen recommendations and to provide psychological support in the event of worsening psychological difficulties.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Bariátrica , Obesidade , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Obesidade/psicologia , Obesidade/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Estados Unidos
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