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1.
J Parasitol ; 106(1): 56-70, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995719

RESUMO

Rhadinorhynchus hiansi Soota and Bhattacharya, 1981 , has remained unknown since its original incomplete description from 2 male specimens collected from the flat needlefish Ablennes hians Valenciennes (Belonidae) off Trivandrum, Kerala, India. Recent collections of fishes along the Pacific coast of Vietnam in 2016 and 2017 produced many specimens of the same species from the striped bonito Sarda orientalis Temminck and Schlegel (Scombridae) off the southern Pacific coast of Vietnam at Nha Trang. We describe females for the first time, assign a female allotype status, and provide an expanded description of males from a larger collection completing missing information on hooks and hook roots, receptacle, lemnisci, cement glands, Saefftigen's pouch, and trunk spines. Specimens of R. hiansi characteristically have no dorsal spines in the posterior field of trunk spines and a long proboscis with 36-48 dorso-ventrally differentiated proboscis hooks per row becoming progressively smaller posteriorly then increasing in size near the posterior end to a maximum at the posterior-most ring. Trunk, testes, and lemnisci in our specimens were considerably larger than those reported in the original description, but the proboscis was relatively smaller. The females had long reproductive system and corrugated elliptic eggs without polar prolongation of fertilization membrane. Energy Dispersive X-ray Analysis (EDXA) demonstrates high levels of calcium and phosphorus in large gallium cut hooks and high levels of sulfur in tip cuts of large and small hooks and in spines. This EDXA pattern is a characteristic fingerprint of R. hiansi. The molecular profile of R. hiansi is described from 18S rDNA and COI genes, and phylogenetic relationships with most closely related species are discussed.


Assuntos
Acantocéfalos/anatomia & histologia , Acantocéfalos/genética , Beloniformes/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Acantocéfalos/classificação , Acantocéfalos/ultraestrutura , Algoritmos , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Feminino , Peixes , Gálio , Funções Verossimilhança , Masculino , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura/veterinária , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia , Espectrometria por Raios X/veterinária , Vietnã
2.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124933, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726611

RESUMO

The occurrence, air-sea exchange, and gas-particle partitioning of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were analyzed during a 2015 research expedition from the East China Sea (ECS) to the open Northwest Pacific Ocean (NWP). The sum of 13 PBDEs (Σ13PBDEs) in air and surface seawater varied in the range of 0.54-14.5. pg m-3 and 0.60-13.5 pg L-1, respectively, with the highest concentrations observed in the ECS. The Clausius-Clapeyron approach and air mass origin analysis indicated that continued primary emissions of PBDEs, particularly BDE-209, from East Asian sources governed the spatial variability of air PBDEs over the NWP through long-range atmospheric transport (LRAT). Net air-to-seawater gas deposition of PBDEs was evidenced based on the fugacity calculation with sum fluxes of seven selected PBDEs ranging from -45 to -582 pg m-2 d-1. Following the substantial advection of aerosol phase BDE-209 over the ECS, dry particle deposition dominated the input pathway of PBDEs into the ECS, whereas in the open NWP, relatively free from the influence of the land emissions, fluxes in PBDE absorption and in dry particle deposition were comparable. This suggests an impact of continental outflow on the fate of atmospheric PBDEs over the NWP. Regarding gas-particle partitioning, PBDEs over the NWP were obviously absorbed into continental organic aerosols during atmospheric transport, except for BDE-209, which tended to remain within the steady state.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/análise , Aerossóis/análise , Ásia , Atmosfera/química , China , Extremo Oriente , Oceano Pacífico , Água do Mar
3.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 30(12): 4259-4266, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31840472

RESUMO

Beak is one of the most hard tissues in cephalopods, which is important in the study of fishery ecology. We analyzed the morphological growth characteristics of 268 beaks of Gonatopsis borealis collected in the Northwest Pacific Ocean from September to November of 2018 by Chinese jigging fishing fleets. Results from the principal component analysis showed that the upper hood length (UHL), upper crest length (UCL), upper rostrum length (URL), lower hood length (LHL), lower crest length (LCL) and lower rostrum length (LRL) could be used as the morphological characteristic parameters to study the morphological growth of beak. Results from the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that there was no significant difference both in the relationships between the morphological characteristic parameters versus mantle length (ML) or body weight (BW) for males and females. The relationships between ML and UHL, LHL were best described by power functions but by logarithm function for UCL, URL, LCL, and linear function for LRL respectively. The relationships between BW and UHL, UCL, URL, LCL, LRL were best described by logarithm functions but power function for LHL based on the result of the Akaike's information criterion. The results of growth models for the morphological parameters in this study provided scientific basis for the stock assessment in further research.


Assuntos
Bico , Decapodiformes , Animais , Peso Corporal , Ecologia , Feminino , Masculino , Oceano Pacífico
4.
Zoolog Sci ; 36(6): 528-538, 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31833324

RESUMO

Two species of Synactinernus sea anemones were found in Japanese waters. Synactinernus flavus Carlgren, 1918, the only described species of this genus, is rediscovered from off the Goto Islands a century after the original description. Synactinernus flavus was once synonymized with Isactinernus quadrilobatus Carlgren, 1918; however, we show that, based on morphological (including examination of type specimens) and molecular (using nuclear 18S rDNA) evidence, these species are completely different. The other species, Synactinernus churaumi sp. nov., was found off Ishigaki Island and Okinawa Island by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV), and had been kept for 15 years in a tank at the Okinawa Churaumi Aquarium. There are clear differences between these two species; therefore, we describe the second species and revise the diagnosis of Synactinernus.


Assuntos
Antozoários/anatomia & histologia , Antozoários/classificação , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Antozoários/genética , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética , Especificidade da Espécie
5.
Zootaxa ; 4608(3): zootaxa.4608.3.4, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31717133

RESUMO

Two new and one known species of free-living marine nematode belonging to the family Phanodermatidae are described. They were collected during the 12th Japanese Association for Marine Biology (JAMBIO) Coastal Organism Joint Survey off Jogashima, Japan in Sagami Bay, North Pacific Ocean. Phanodermopsis kohtsukai sp. nov. differs from the congeners by the shape of the tail, the longer spicules, and the absence of the gubernaculum. Micoletzkyia nakanoi sp. nov. differs from the congeners by the absence of a circle of cervical setae, the proportion of the tail, the cylindrical gubernaculum without projection, and the position of the vulva. Crenopharynx caudata (Filipjev, 1927) comb. nov. is transferred from the genus Phanodermopsis based on the presence of the long spicules. The morphological characters of the newly collected specimens of C. caudata comb. nov. are in excellent agreement with those shown in the original description of the specimens from Arctic Russia and the previous redescription of the specimens from Skagerrak. The new diagnoses and species lists for these three genera and two dichotomous keys to the males of Micoletzkyia and Crenopharynx are provided.


Assuntos
Enoplídios , Nematoides , Animais , Baías , Feminino , Japão , Masculino , Oceano Pacífico , Federação Russa
6.
Zootaxa ; 4629(2): zootaxa.4629.2.1, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31712518

RESUMO

Abyssal polychaetes of the family Cirratulidae were collected as part of reconnaissance and benthic impact experimental surveys at Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone manganese nodule sites in 1984 and 1993-1994. All specimens were collected from the 4500-4900 m depth range. Twelve species of Cirratulidae were identified, of which 11 are new to science. Aphelochaeta abyssalis n. sp., A. clarionensis n. sp., A. clippertonensis n. sp., A. spargosis n. sp., A. tanyperistomia n. sp., A. wilsoni n. sp., Caulleriella bathytata n. sp., Chaetozone akaina n. sp., C. grasslei n. sp., C. truebloodi n. sp. and Tharyx hessleri n. sp. Most of these species are small deposit-feeding threadlike worms that reside in the upper 5 cm of the sediment and represent a unique assemblage of abyssal taxa.


Assuntos
Anelídeos , Poliquetos , Animais , Oceano Pacífico
7.
Zootaxa ; 4577(3): zootaxa.4577.3.10, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715716

RESUMO

A new species of Trimma, T. wangunui, is described from three localities in the western Pacific (Papua New Guinea, Timor-Leste and the Philippines). It belongs to a small group of species with scales in the predorsal midline, no scales on the cheek or the opercle, all pectoral fin rays unbranched, and a branched fifth pelvic fin ray. It differs from other species in this group in having an elongate second spine of the first dorsal fin which reaches to the bases of the 2nd-8th second dorsal-fin rays when adpressed, in having yellow bars on the head, and in the presence of vertically elongate yellow spots on a brown body when freshly collected.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Oceano Pacífico , Papua Nova Guiné , Filipinas , Timor-Leste
8.
Zootaxa ; 4576(2): zootaxa.4576.2.1, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715759

RESUMO

The Indo-Pacific portunid, Charybdis hellerii (A. Milne-Edwards, 1867), is a crab species native to the Indian and Western Pacific Oceans and has previously colonized the Eastern Mediterranean and the Western Atlantic. It is now recorded in the Eastern Atlantic, on the coast of Benin, where a thriving population has established. This invasive and widely distributed species exhibits morphological variations within and between populations, which are discussed in detail. Its current distribution is presented, and its future expansion along the West African coast and future impact on coastal ecosystems and local fisheries are the object of tentative forecasts. Illustrations of sexually mature specimens from different sizes and regions are presented, and their allometric, individual and geographical variations are discussed. A new synonymy and a new account on the taxonomy and the biology of the species are presented. Illustrations of the lectotype and the paralectotype of C. hellerii are also provided for the first time. Charybdis spinifera (Miers, 1884), C. merguiensis (De Man, 1887) and C. vannamei Ward, 1941 are here treated as subjective junior synonyms of C. hellerii. The holotype of C. spinifera and two syntypes of C. merguiensis are illustrated.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Espécies Introduzidas , Animais , Benin , Ecossistema , Oceano Pacífico
9.
Zootaxa ; 4576(2): zootaxa.4576.2.3, 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715761

RESUMO

A new species of guitarfish, Rhinobatos ranongensis sp. nov., is described from 5 preserved specimens, and images and tissue samples of additional material, collected from the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal. This species co-occurs in the eastern sector of the northern Indian Ocean with two poorly defined congeners, R. annandalei Norman and R. lionotus Norman, which have been misidentified and confused with Indo-Pacific congeners since they were first described in 1926. Norman's species are rediagnosed based on limited new material and a re-examination of the types. In the western sector of the northern Indian Ocean, Rhinobatos annandalei has been confused in recent literature with the sympatric R. punctifer Compagno and Randall, which is represented by four primary colour morphs, including a white-spotted colour morph resembling R. annandalei. Rhinobatos punctifer also displays strong intraspecific variability and sexual dimorphism in some body dimensions. These four species of Rhinobatos have unique MtDna sequences and belong to a clade of Indo-West Pacific species that are morphologically similar. Despite the relatively small numbers of specimens available for investigation, these species exhibit some clear differences in body proportions, meristics and squamation. Rhinobatos ranongensis sp. nov. differs from its northern Indian Ocean congeners through a combination of a relatively narrow disc and mouth, high vertebral count, long snout, low dorsal fins, and being largely plain coloured. A new lectotype and a paralectotype are designated for the syntypes of R. annandalei, and the four primary colour forms of R. punctifer, the plain, white-spotted and ocellated morphs, are described and the three nominal species rediagnosed. A key is provided to the four known members of the genus in the northern Indian Ocean.


Assuntos
Animais , Baías , Oceano Índico , Oceano Pacífico
10.
Zootaxa ; 4567(2): zootaxa.4567.2.2, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715895

RESUMO

A total of 493 sponges were collected with a bottom trawl during annual groundfish stock assessment surveys in the eastern Bering Sea in 2013, 2015, and 2016 to build an inventory of species in this largely unexplored region. We report here principally on the demosponge fauna collected during those surveys because identifications of hexactinellids are incomplete. We identified 42 unique demosponge taxa from the collection including geographical range extensions for 30 species; seven are new records for the Pacific Ocean. The collection also included three species new to science; two have been previously described (Plicatellopsis borealis Lehnert Stone 2017, Spongosorites beringensis Lehnert Stone 2017) and Antho ridgwayi sp. nov. described here. The new species differed from all northern hemisphere congeners in the complements and sizes of spicules. We document that the region is more species rich than previously suspected, particularly the continental slope where the majority of hexactinellid sponges are located.


Assuntos
Poríferos , Animais , Geografia , Oceano Pacífico
11.
Zootaxa ; 4567(2): zootaxa.4567.2.9, 2019 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715902

RESUMO

In this article we report on a hexactinellid sponge new to science, Rhizophyta yapensis gen. et sp. nov., which was collected from the Yap Trench in the northwestern Pacific Ocean at an abyssal depth of 4159-4779 m. Its fungus-like body form with long peduncle and absence of hypodermalia suggest placement within the euplectellid subfamily Bolosominae Tabachnick, 2002, whereas molecular phylogenetic evidence suggests that it is sister to all remaining Euplectellidae Gray, 1867. Its rhizophytous method of attachment to the substrate, hitherto unknown from bolosomine Euplectellidae, a veil of pentactins covering the peduncle, and the presence of toothed discohexasters as the only type of microscleres, clearly characterize it as a new genus. The intraspecific divergence between holotype and paratypes of the new species is examined with both morphological and molecular approaches. This report represents the first record of a hexactinellid sponge from the Yap Trench.


Assuntos
Poríferos , Animais , Cor , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia
12.
Zootaxa ; 4683(3): zootaxa.4683.3.7, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715921

RESUMO

Xenuraega bythionekta sp. nov., is described from a single specimen taken off southern Japan. It is the second species of Xenuraega Tattersall, 1909, and extends the known range of the genus from North Atlantic to the northern Pacific Ocean. The species is characterized by the posteriorly narrowed pleotelson, and both uropodal rami being elongate and provided with a mass of long plumose setae. Xenuraega bythionekta sp. nov. is known only from the type locality, Kagoshima Prefecture, southern Japan at a depth of 1178-1179 m.


Assuntos
Isópodes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Japão , Oceano Pacífico
13.
Zootaxa ; 4683(2): zootaxa.4683.2.1, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715924

RESUMO

For the goatfish genus Upeneus Cuvier 1829 (Mullidae), a new taxonomic species group called the "margarethae group" is established which can be distinguished from the six species of the most similar "tragula group" by a combination of the following characteristics: absence of dark pigmentation in the area of the first dorsal-fin tip, 21-25 total gill rakers and 28-30 lateral-line scales. Initially, three recently-described species have been included in the margarethae group: Upeneus margarethae Uiblein Heemstra, 2010, known from the Indian Ocean including the Red Sea and from the Arafura Sea (W Pacific), U. mouthami Randall Kulbicki, 2006, from New Caledonia and Vanuatu (W Pacific), and U. randalli Uiblein Heemstra, 2011, from the Arabian/Persian Gulf and the inner Gulf of Oman (NW Indian Ocean). The present taxonomic review of the margarethae group analyses a large data set of 41 morphometric, 10 meristic and many colour characters obtained from 279 preserved goatfish specimens and 166 fresh-colour photos (plus a fresh-colour drawing). For the nominal species of the group, U. margarethae, a redescription of the colour patterns is provided and new records for Myanmar, Andaman Sea (NE Indian Ocean) and the Gulf of Carpentaria, N Australia (W Pacific), are reported. Three new species are described: U. caudofasciatus n. sp. from the area of the Great Barrier Reef to Torres Strait off NE Australia (Coral Sea, W Pacific), U. gubal n. sp. from the S Gulf of Suez (Northern Red Sea), and U. heterospinus n. sp. from S Indonesia to Singapore, the Gulf of Thailand, Vietnam, Philippines, China, Taiwan and Japan (W Pacific). A comprehensive alpha-taxonomic approach is adopted, considering population differences as well as intraspecific size-related variation in morphology and colour patterns by splitting the data set into two size classes, adults (≥ 65 mm SL) and smaller subadults. Inter- and intraspecific comparisons include statistical analyses for species and population with sufficiently large samples sizes (n ≥ 20). Colour-pattern characterization and analysis are based on photos of recently collected and deceased fish (partly associated with voucher specimens), photos obtained from active or resting fishes in situ or in a tank, and inspection of pigmentation patterns retained in preserved specimens. Species differences are elaborated under consideration of distribution patterns and the characteristics found in the closest-most population of widely distributed species such as U. margarethae, resulting in clear and consistent distinction among the six species in single or in a combination of several characteristics. Comparisons among size classes revealed species-specific patterns in morphometric, meristic and colour changes with increasing size. One species, U. heterospinus n. sp., has seven or eight spines in the dorsal fin which occur in balanced ratio across populations. This is a unique characteristic for Upeneus species which usually have either seven or eight dorsal-fin spines, respectively. The best distinction of Upeneus heterospinus n. sp. from all other congeners is reached by combined examination of dorsal-fin spines with several other characters such as barbel colour, presence of a mid-lateral body stripe, pigmentation patterns (partly retained also in preserved fish), gill-raker and pectoral-fin ray numbers, and body-shape variables. The high degree of overall morphological differentation among the three most common species U. caudofasciatus n. sp., U. heterospinus n. sp. and U. margarethae, as revealed by the statistical comparisons, strongly contrasts with a still signficant, but much lower degree of differentiation among populations. The diagnostic characteristics of the margarethae group are updated and the importance to use the results of this taxonomic review in ongoing fisheries-related and ecological research is emphasized. Requirements for future taxonomic research featuring the stunning diversity of the goatfish genus Upeneus are also discussed.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Austrália , Cor , Indonésia , Oceano Pacífico
14.
Zootaxa ; 4674(2): zootaxa.4674.2.9, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716017

RESUMO

Five currently known Japanese species of the eutheiine genus Paraneseuthia occur on Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Ishigaki-jima of the Ryukyu Archipelago. The southernmost Japanese species was separated from its geographically (and very likely phylogenetically) closest relatives that live on Kyushu by over a thousand kilometers of the Pacific Ocean. Paraneseuthia zanetae sp. n., found on Okinawa-jima, the largest Ryukyuan island, is described, filling this wide distributional gap. The new species is yet another member of the informal P. paradoxa group, which comprises all Japanese members of this genus that share similar male protibial modifications and a complicated structure of the aedeagus; also two Russian Far Eastern species show close morphological affinities to those inhabiting the Japanese Archipelago.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Ilhas , Japão , Masculino , Oceano Pacífico , Federação Russa
15.
Zootaxa ; 4671(3): zootaxa.4671.3.2, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716041

RESUMO

The formerly monotypic taxon, Hyalopale bispinosa Perkins 1985 (Chrysopetalinae), is comprised of a cryptic species complex from predominantly tropical embayments and island reefs of the Western Atlantic and Indo-Pacific Oceans. Hyalopale species are of meiofaunal size (length: 1-2.8mm), but considered non-interstitial, with the majority of species inhabiting a singular habitat of shallow littoral zones among algae and epifauna overlying sediments in rubble. Hyalopale adults exhibit notochaetal fans characterized by the presence of lateral and midline notochaetal spines. Species of Hyalopale can be distinguished by the shape of glass-like notochaetal paleae and the number of densely stacked ribs. Hyalopale bispinosa forms a western and eastern Atlantic species complex, comprising the type species, Hyalopale bispinosa s.s., a comparatively larger form with the highest number of notochaetal paleael ribs from Florida, and Hyalopale cf. bispinosa, from the western and eastern Mediterranean, a smaller form with a similar notochaetal morphology to the latter. Unfortunately, no molecular sequence data is available for Hyalopale bispinosa s.s. Five new species are described, with molecular sequence data provided for three: Hyalopale leslieae sp. nov., a small form with a comparatively low number of paleal ribs, found from the Florida Keys to Belize, Caribbean Sea, H. zerofskii sp. nov. from southern California and Mexico, eastern Pacific and H. sapphiriglancyorum sp. nov., a distinctive species with the lowest number of paleael ribs, from Raja Ampat, Indonesia and the Great Barrier Reef, Queensland, western Pacific. Two other species are described from morphology alone: H. angeliensis sp. nov. from Dampier, Western Australia and Seychelle Islands, eastern Indian Ocean and H. furfuricula sp. nov. from the Red Sea and Mozambique, western Indian Ocean, possessing a unique paleal brow shape. While well supported as a clade, support for relationships within Hyalopale is low. Hyalopale cf. bispinosa (Mediterranean) was recovered as sister group to the remaining Hyalopale, with H. leslieae sp. nov. as sister to the Hyalopale Pacific clade, comprising H. zerofskii sp. nov. (eastern Pacific) and H. sapphiriglancyorum sp. nov. (western Pacific). Within Chrysopetalinae, Hyalopale and Paleanotus formed a clade that was the sister group to the other paleate chrysopetalids under maximum likelihood, though Paleanotus grouped with the other paleate forms under maximum parsimony. The adult morphology of Hyalopale species is compared with that exhibited in the larvae of Paleanotus species; based on these results, including possession of a shared notochaetal character, Hyalopale is considered to contain paedomorphic taxa.


Assuntos
Anelídeos , Animais , Região do Caribe , Oceano Índico , Ilhas , Oceano Pacífico , Filogenia
16.
Zootaxa ; 4671(3): zootaxa.4671.3.4, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716043

RESUMO

Two new species of Geodiidae from the Emperor Seamounts, North Pacific Ocean are described and compared to congeners. Erylus imperator n. sp. differs from all other species of Erylus from the region in having large oxyasters, present in only one other species from which it differs in several other characters. Furthermore these oxyasters most often display the tendency to reduce the number of rays to a degree that they appear as triods, microxeas or even microtylostyles, depending on the number of retained rays. The second new species, Geodia arma n. sp. is a Geodia without triaenes, a group formerly described under the genus Geodinella. We compared G. arma n. sp. with all congeners lacking triaenes and determined that it is the only known species with a cortex of up to 6 mm in thickness and also the only species with oxeas up to 6 mm in length Which range from thin and sinuous to thick and straight. To our knowledge these are the first descriptions of sponge species from the Emperor Seamount region.


Assuntos
Poríferos , Animais , Oceano Pacífico
17.
Zootaxa ; 4671(3): zootaxa.4671.3.5, 2019 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716044

RESUMO

Mugil setosus Gilbert 1892 was originally described by Gilbert based on specimens from Clarion Island, in the western and most remote of the Revillagigedo Islands, about 1,000 km off the western Pacific coast of Mexico. Examination of the type of material and recently collected specimens from Ecuador and Peru, resulted in the redescription provided herein. Diagnostic characters of the species were mainly: tip of the pelvic fin reaching beyond the vertical through the base of the third dorsal-fin spine, the pectoral-fin rays with ii+13-14 rays, the anterodorsal tip of second (soft) dorsal fin uniformly dark, and an external row of larger teeth, and more internally a patch of scattered smaller teeth, visible mainly in adults 150 mm SL. The expansion of geographic distribution of Mugil setosus and occurrence of Mugil curema Valenciennes 1836 in the Pacific Ocean are discussed.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Equador , Ilhas , México , Oceano Pacífico , Peru
18.
Zootaxa ; 4590(2): zootaxa.4590.2.4, 2019 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716096

RESUMO

Two new species of the mesopelagic genus Photonectes are described from the Pacific Ocean. Both of them are characterized by the presence of blue luminous tissue on the body. Photonectes cyanogrammicus new species, is characterized by the unique shape of the mental barbel, expanded distally and lacking bulbs or appendages. It is presently known only from the holotype collected in the Solomon Sea. Photonectes sphaerolampas new species, is described from four specimens collected in the western and central Pacific. It can be easily distinguished from the other species by the presence of the large spherical bulb of the mental barbel with darkly pigmented terminal appendage, split at its tip into several short filaments. Photonectes mirabilis Parr, 1927 is re-described, based on four specimens from the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; details of jaw dentition and arrangement of the luminous tissue for this species are specified. A key for identification of the species of Photonectes with blue luminous tissue on the body is provided.


Assuntos
Mirabilis , Animais , Peixes , Oceano Pacífico
19.
Zootaxa ; 4588(1): zootaxa.4588.1.1, 2019 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716112

RESUMO

A checklist of the marine and estuarine fishes of New Ireland Province is presented, with special emphasis on Kavieng District, combining both previous and new records. After the recent KAVIENG 2014 expedition, a total of 1325 species in 153 families were recorded from the region. The largest families are the Gobiidae, Pomacentridae, Labridae, Serranidae, Apogonidae, Lutjanidae, Chaetodontidae, Blenniidae, Carangidae, Acanthuridae, Scaridae, Holocentridae, Syn-gnathidae, Lethrinidae and Scorpaenidae. A total of 810 fish species (61.1 % of the total marine and estuarine fish fauna) are recorded from New Ireland for the first time.The fish fauna of New Ireland includes 142 species in transitional waters and 1264 species in marine habitats, and 54 species species in freshwater habitats. Zoogeographically, 1179 species have a wide distribution range, most frequently a broad Indo-West Pacific distribution. Among the remaining species, just 12 are endemic to New Ireland.


Assuntos
Perciformes , Animais , Ecossistema , Oceano Pacífico , Papua Nova Guiné
20.
Zootaxa ; 4619(3): zootaxa.4619.3.6, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31716292

RESUMO

A worldwide checklist of the pontarachnid mites is provided based on published reports and original data. A total of 53 valid species of pontarachnid mites have been compiled, of which the genus Pontarachna includes 30 species, while 23 species belong to the genus Litarachna. The highest number of species (n=16) is reported from the marine province Tropical West of the Pacific Ocean. A deutonymph of Litarachna triangularis is reported here from Dongsha Atoll, Taiwan. Patterns of endemism and seemingly incomplete species distributional records are the result of a lack of intensive faunistic surveys in different parts of the world. The taxonomy of Pontarachnid mites will be improved by the use of mite-specific sampling methods and the application of molecular phylogenetics.


Assuntos
Ácaros , Animais , Oceano Pacífico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
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