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1.
Eur J Radiol ; 139: 109711, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910145

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine the effectiveness and safety of prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon occlusion for hemorrhage control in placenta accreta. METHOD: EMBASE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials data-bases were searched through November 2020. Clinical trials comparing the management of placenta accreta with and without internal iliac artery balloon occlusion were included. The meta-analysis results were expressed as the risk ratio (RR) or mean difference, with 95 % CIs. RESULTS: Fifteen studies including 1098 women were eligible. No statistically significant difference was found between the internal arterial balloon occlusion group and the control group with respect to estimated blood loss volume (-0.525 mL, [95 % CI, -1.112 to -0.061], p = 0.079.), red blood cells (RBCs) transfused in observational studies (-0.682 mL, [95 % CI, -1.540 to 0.176], p = 0.119.) and in randomized controlled trials (0.134 mL, [95 % CI, -0.214 to 0.482], p = 0.451.), intensive care unit admission (p = 0.197), hysterectomy in observational studies (p = 0.969) and in randomized controlled trials (p = 0.323), urinary system injury in observational studies (p = 0.182) and in randomized controlled trials (p = 0.956), Apgar score at 5 min (p = 0.641), and neonatal intensive care unit admission (p = 0.973). CONCLUSIONS: The currently available data demonstrate no significant differences between the internal iliac artery balloon occlusion group and the control group in blood loss and packed RBCs transfused for women with placenta accreta. Further large randomized controlled studies are needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Placenta Acreta , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Recém-Nascido , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
2.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(4)2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33918344

RESUMO

Background and objectives: Placenta previa and placenta accreta spectrum are considered major causes of massive postpartum hemorrhage. Objective: To determine whether the placement of an occlusion balloon catheter in the internal iliac artery could reduce bleeding and other related complications during cesarean delivery in patients with placenta previa and placenta accreta spectrum. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted at two tertiary obstetric units of Lithuania. From January 2016 to November 2019 patients with placenta previa and antenatally suspected invasive placenta were included in the intervention group and underwent cesarean delivery with endovascular procedure. From January 2014 to December 2015 patients with placenta previa and suspected placenta accreta spectrum were included in the non-intervention group. The primary outcomes were reduction in intraoperative blood loss and transfusion volumes in the intervention group. Secondary outcomes were the incidence of hysterectomy and maternal complications. Results: Nineteen patients underwent cesarean delivery with preoperative endovascular procedure, and 47 women underwent elective cesarean delivery. The median intraoperative blood loss (1000 (400-4500) mL vs. 1000 (400-5000) mL; p = 0.616) and the need for red blood cell transfusion during operation (26% vs. 23%; p = 0.517) did not differ significantly between the patients groups. Seven patients in the intervention group and two patients in the non-intervention group underwent perioperative hysterectomy (p = 0.002). None of the patients had complications related to the endovascular procedure. Conclusion: The use of intermittent balloon occlusion catheter in patients with placenta pathology is a safe method but does not significantly reduce intraoperative blood loss during cesarean delivery.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Placenta Acreta , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Lituânia/epidemiologia , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Angiol Sosud Khir ; 27(1): 72-74, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825731

RESUMO

This article reviews a webinar of the European Society for Vascular Surgery and the Endovascular Trauma and Resuscitation Management Society, dedicated to using endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta in haemodynamically unstable patients, briefly covering the main conclusions of the reports and underlining prospects of this method. Possibilities of using aortic balloon occlusion arise interest of various-specialty medical experts, and the number of scientific works in this field has increasingly been growing, thus explaining the need for measures and studies on the subject concerned.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aorta/cirurgia , Hemorragia , Humanos , Ressuscitação
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e24486, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832061

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous removal of common bile duct (CBD) stones using a modified balloon technique (balloon catheter sphincteroplasty and expulsion of the stones using half-captured balloons within the sheath) in patients difficult to treat with endoscopy.Fifty patients underwent a modified balloon technique (balloon group), and 53 patients underwent CBD stone removal by the basket method (stone basket group) between 2016 and 2019. We compared the balloon and stone basket groups to evaluate the effectiveness of the modified balloon technique. Outcome variables such as demographics, technical success rates, procedural details, and complications were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed using Student t test, Fisher exact test, or the χ2 test.The technical success rate in the balloon group was 66% (33/50) in 1 session, 32% (16/50) in 2 sessions, and 2% (1/50) in 3 sessions. That of the stone basket group was 45% (24/53) in 1 session, 38% (20/53) in 2 sessions, and 17% (9/53) in 3 sessions.The total procedure time was significantly shorter in the balloon group (29.5 ±â€Š15.1 minutes) than in the stone basket group (41.7 ±â€Š20.2 minutes) (P < .01), whereas the number of stones was higher in the balloon group than in the stone basket group (P = .03). Maximal stone size, balloon size, pancreatitis, and hospitalization stay did not show statistical differences between the 2 groups. Most complications (9 patients, balloon group; 8 patients, stone basket group) were mild and transient. Major complications occurred in one patient in the stone basket group, who experienced hemobilia due to arterial injury caused by percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, which was treated by endovascular embolization without mortality.The modified balloon technique is an effective and safe treatment method for CBD stone removal in patients presenting difficulties in the endoscopic approach.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Coledocolitíase/terapia , Esfinterotomia Endoscópica/instrumentação , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ducto Colédoco/diagnóstico por imagem , Ducto Colédoco/patologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Spec Oper Med ; 21(1): 30-36, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two methods of controlling pelvic and inguinal hemorrhage are the Abdominal Aortic and Junctional Tourniquet (AAJT; Compression Works) and resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA). The AAJT can be applied quickly, but prolonged use may damage the bowel, inhibit ventilation, and obstruct surgical access. REBOA requires technical proficiency but avoids many of the complications associated with the AAJT. Conversion of the AAJT to REBOA would allow for field hemorrhage control with mitigation of the morbidity associated with prolonged AAJT use. METHODS: Yorkshire male swine (n = 17; 70-90kg) underwent controlled 40% hemorrhage. Subsequently, AAJT was placed on the abdomen, midline, 2cm superior to the ilium, and inflated. After 1 hour, the animals were allocated to an additional 30 minutes of AAJT inflation (continuous AAJT occlusion [CAO]), REBOA placement with the AAJT inflated (overlapping aortic occlusion [OAO]), or REBOA placement following AAJT removal (sequential aortic occlusion [SAO]). Following removal, animals were observed for 3.5 hours. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in survival, blood pressure, or laboratory values were found following intervention. Conversion to REBOA was successful in all animals but one in the OAO group. REBOA placement time was 4.3 ± 2.9 minutes for OAO and 4.1 ± 1.8 minutes for SAO (p = .909). No animal had observable intestinal injury. CONCLUSIONS: Conversion of the AAJT to infrarenal REBOA is practical and effective, but access may be difficult while the AAJT is applied.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Choque Hemorrágico , Animais , Aorta Abdominal , Hemorragia/terapia , Masculino , Ressuscitação , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos , Torniquetes
6.
Am J Case Rep ; 22: e929119, 2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND In most cases, esophageal perforation is caused by ingested foreign bodies which can migrate through the esophageal wall, damaging nearby vital organs like the aorta or pericardium, thereby having potentially fatal outcomes. Early diagnosis and intervention are key to decreasing morbidity and mortality. Appropriate treatment involves extracting the foreign body, repairing the esophagus and other injured organs (aorta, trachea, or pericardium), and draining and cleaning the mediastinum. CASE REPORT A 31-year-old man presented with a 2-h history of severe chest pain radiating to the back and associated with profuse sweating after eating. The patient had ingested a sharp metal object that injured the thoracic esophageal wall close to the aorta and the left atrium, causing hemopericardium. The presence of pericardial effusion on echocardiogram examination raised a high suspicion of cardiac and/or aortic injury. Left thoracotomy was done because the injury was in the distal third of the esophagus. Therefore, exploration of the pericardium and drainage of the mediastinum was essential, along with the use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) to control the proximal aorta while exploring the thoracic aorta. CONCLUSIONS In cases of esophageal injury when aortic involvement is suspected, we suggest using REBOA in selected cases, when an expert team is available, as a mean of gaining better proximal control over the aorta to safely explore and repair any possible injuries. This is an unusual case management scenario that needs further literature and clinical support.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Corpos Estranhos , Traumatismos Torácicos , Adulto , Ingestão de Alimentos , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Ressuscitação
7.
Curr Opin Crit Care ; 27(3): 216-222, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33769419

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this narrative review is to provide an update on hemodynamics during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to describe emerging therapies to optimize perfusion. RECENT FINDINGS: Cadaver studies have shown large inter-individual variations in blood distribution and anatomical placement of the heart during chest compressions. Using advanced CT techniques the studies have demonstrated atrial and slight right ventricular compression, but no direct compression of the left ventricle. A hemodynamic-directed CPR strategy may overcome this by allowing individualized hand-placement, drug dosing, and compression rate and depth. Through animal studies and one clinical before-and-after study head-up CPR has shown promising results as a potential strategy to improve cerebral perfusion. Two studies have demonstrated that placement of an endovascular balloon occlusion in the aorta (REBOA) can be performed during ongoing CPR. SUMMARY: Modern imaging techniques may help increase our understanding on the mechanism of forward flow during CPR. This could provide new information on how to optimize perfusion. Head-up CPR and the use of REBOA during CPR are novel methods that might improve cerebral perfusion during CPR; both techniques do, however, still await clinical testing.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Animais , Aorta , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Pressão
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 237-247, 20210000. tab, fig
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223829

RESUMO

Introducción. La presión arterial sistólica puede ser un factor determinante para la toma de decisiones en el manejo de pacientes con trauma severo y hemorragia no compresible del torso. El objetivo de este trabajo fue determinar el punto óptimo de presión arterial sistólica previo a la oclusión endovascular de aorta asociado con la mortalidad a las 24 horas. Métodos. Se realizó un análisis combinado de dos bases de datos de registro de REBOA, ABO-Trauma Registry y AAST-AORTA, que incluye pacientes de Norte América, Suramérica, Europa, Asia y África. Pacientes sin efecto hemodinámico con el uso del REBOA fueron excluidos. Se describieron las características demográficas, clínicas y de la colocación del REBOA en los pacientes que fallecieron en las primeras 24 horas. Se analizó la asociación entre la presión arterial sistólica previa a la oclusión aortica y la mortalidad a través de modelos de regresión logística y se evaluó el poder predictivo de la presión arterial sistólica en un intervalo entre 60 y 90 mmHg. Resultados. Fueron identificados 871 registros, pero solo 693 pacientes cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. El trauma cerrado se presentó en el 67,2 % de los pacientes y la severidad del trauma tuvo una mediana de ISS de 34 (RIQ: 25-45). La mediana de la presión arterial sistólica previa al REBOA fue de 61 mmHg (RIQ: 46-80). La mortalidad a las 24 horas fue del 34,6 %. La asociación entre la presión arterial sistólica pre-oclusión de la aorta y la mortalidad a las 24 horas tiene una capacidad predictiva de acuerdo con el área bajo la curva ROC para trauma cerrado de 0,64 (IC95% 0,59-0,70) y para trauma penetrante de 0,61 (IC95% 0,53-0,69). Se identificó que la presión arterial sistólica de 70 mmHg se asocia con un aumento por encima del 25 % de la mortalidad a las 24 horas. Discusión. La presión arterial sistólica de 70 mmHg en pacientes con trauma severo y hemorragia no compresible puede ser el punto crítico para la oclusión endovascular de aorta para mejorar la supervivencia de los pacientes, sin importar el mecanismo de trauma. Sin embargo, la presión arterial sistólica debe complementarse con otros factores clínicos para tomar la decisión oportuna


Introduction. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) can be a determining factor for decision-making in the management of patients with severe trauma and non-compressible torso bleeding (NTCH). The objective of this study was to determine the optimal SBP threshold value prior to endovascular occlusion of the aorta associated with 24-hour mortality.Methods. A combined analysis of two REBOA registry databases, ABO-Trauma Registry and AAST-AORTA, was performed, which includes patients from North America, South America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Patients without hemodynamic effect with the use of REBOA were excluded. Demographic, clinical, and REBOA placement characteristics were described in patients who died in the first 24 hours. The association between SBP prior to aortic occlusion and mortality was analyzed using logistic regression models and the predictive power of SBP was evaluated in an interval between 60 and 90 mmHg.Results. 871 records were identified, but only 693 patients met the inclusion criteria. Blunt trauma occurred in 67.2% of the patients and the severity of the trauma had a median ISS of 34 (IQR: 25-45). The median systolic blood pressure prior to REBOA was 61 mmHg (IQR: 46-80). The 24-hour mortality was 34.6%. The association between systolic blood pressure pre-occlusion of the aorta and mortality at 24 hours has a predictive capacity according to the area under the ROC curve for blunt trauma of 0.64 (95% CI: 0.59-0.70) and for penetrating trauma of 0.61 (95% CI: 0.53-0.69). A systolic blood pressure of 70 mmHg was found to be associated with an increase of over 25% in mortality at 24 hours. Discussion. SBP of 70 mmHg in patients with severe trauma and non-compressible hemorrhage may be the critical point for endovascular aortic occlusion to improve patient survival, regardless of the mechanism of trauma. However, systolic blood pressure must be supplemented with other clinical factors to make the timely decision


Assuntos
Humanos , Pressão Sanguínea , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Aorta , Ferimentos e Lesões , Mortalidade , Oclusão com Balão , Hemorragia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640296

RESUMO

Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders are rare but potentially life-threatening obstetric conditions, which can result in severe post-partum haemorrhage (PPH). Traditional management necessitates peripartum hysterectomy, but this carries high rates of morbidity and mortality. More recently, interventional radiology techniques have been developed in order to reduce morbidity and preserve fertility. This article summarises and compares the various reported interventional radiology techniques. Arterial embolisation performed to treat PPH is the therapeutic option which is supported by the highest degree of evidence. The role of preventative procedures, such as temporary balloon occlusion of the internal iliac arteries or distal aorta, continues to be debated due to conflicting outcome data and concerns regarding associated morbidity. The choice of which, if any, interventional radiological technique is utilised is determined by local expertise, available resources and the planned obstetric approach. The most complex patients are likely to benefit from multidisciplinary management in high-volume centres.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Placenta Acreta , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Cesárea , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/terapia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Gravidez , Radiologia Intervencionista
10.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 13(4): 324-330, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no reports that describe complete flow control using concurrent transient rapid ventricular pacing or intravenous (IV) adenosine and afferent arterial balloon flow arrest to aid transvenous embolization of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVM). We describe our experience with the use of this technique in patients undergoing transvenous AVM embolization. METHODS: Consecutive patients in whom transvenous embolization was attempted at our institute between January 2017 and July 2019 were included. Anatomical AVM features, number of embolization stages, technique of concurrent transient rapid ventricular pacing and afferent arterial balloon flow arrest, complications, and clinical and radiological outcomes were recorded and tabulated. RESULTS: Transvenous AVM embolization was attempted in 12 patients but abandoned in two patients for technical reasons. Complete embolization was achieved in 10 patients, five of whom had infratentorial AVMs. All 10 had a single primary draining vein. Rapid ventricular pacing was used in nine cases; IV adenosine injection was used in one case to achieve cardiac standstill. Complete AVM nidus obliteration was achieved with excellent neurologic outcome in nine cases, with transvenous embolization alone in two cases, and with staged transarterial followed by transvenous embolization in the others. Two patients developed hemorrhagic complications intraprocedurally. One patient was managed conservatively and the other operatively with AVM excision and hematoma evacuation; both made an excellent recovery without any neurologic deficits at 3 months. CONCLUSION: Complete flow control using concurrent transient rapid ventricular pacing with afferent arterial balloon flow arrest technique is safe and feasible for transvenous embolization of select AVMs.


Assuntos
Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo/fisiologia , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/terapia , Administração Intravenosa , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Vet Surg ; 50(3): 546-555, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33606309

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of balloon catheter occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA), external carotid artery (ECA), and maxillary artery (MA) in standing horses. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental and clinical cases series. ANIMALS: Eight healthy horses (phase 1) and 11 clinical cases (phase 2). METHODS: Occlusions were performed on standing horses under sedation and local anesthesia. In phase 1, four horses underwent bilateral ICA balloon catheter occlusion, and four horses underwent balloon catheter occlusion of the ECA and MA. In phase 2, horses were treated by occlusion of ICA (n = 7), ECA (n = 2), or ECA and ICA (n = 2). RESULTS: Internal carotid artery occlusion was successful in seven of eight and seven of nine arteries in phases 1 and 2, respectively. The procedures lasted 53 and 50 minutes, respectively, and catheters were inserted over 13 ± 0.7 cm (mean ± SD). External carotid artery occlusion was successful in seven of seven and four of four arteries in phases 1 and 2, respectively, with mean durations of 31 and 26 minutes, respectively, and a mean distance of catheter insertion of 11.9 cm. Maxillary artery occlusion was successful in five of seven arteries (phase 1), with a mean surgical duration of 47 minutes and a mean distance of catheter insertion of 42.8 cm. CONCLUSION: Balloon catheter occlusion of the ICA, ECA, and MA was achieved in most standing horses. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Balloon catheter occlusion in standing horses provides an alternative to prevent or treat hemorrhage related to guttural pouch mycosis, particularly in horses in which general anesthesia might pose a risk.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/veterinária , Artéria Carótida Externa/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Cavalos/cirurgia , Animais , Feminino , Masculino , Valores de Referência
12.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 29(1): 8, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this review, we assess the state of Resuscitative Endovascular Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) today with respect to out-of-hospital (OOH) vs. inhospital (H) use in blunt and penetrating trauma, as well as discuss areas of promising research that may be key in further advancement of REBOA applications. METHODS: To analyze the trends in REBOA use, we conducted a review of the literature and identified articles with human or animal data that fit the respective inclusion and exclusion criteria. In separate tables, we compiled data extracted from selected articles in categories including injury type, zone and duration of REBOA, setting in which REBOA was performed, sample size, age, sex and outcome. Based on these tables as well as more detailed review of some key cases of REBOA usage, we assessed the current state of REBOA as well as coagulation and histological disturbances associated with its usage. All statistical tests were 2-sided using an alpha=0.05 for significance. Analysis was done using SAS 9.5 (Cary, NC). Tests for significance was done with a t-test for continuous data and a Chi Square Test for categorical data. RESULTS: In a total of 44 cases performed outside of a hospital in both military and civilian settings, the overall survival was found to be 88.6%, significantly higher than the 50.4% survival calculated from 1,807 cases of REBOA performed within a hospital (p<.0001). We observe from human data a propensity to use Zone I in penetrating trauma and Zone III in blunt injuries. We observe lower final metabolic markers in animal studies with shorter REBOA time and longer follow-up times. CONCLUSIONS: Further research related to human use of REBOA must be focused on earlier initiation of REBOA after injury which may depend on development of rapid vascular access devices and techniques more so than on any new improvements in REBOA. Future animal studies should provide detailed multisystem organ assessment to accurately define organ injury and metabolic burden associated with REBOA application. Overall, animal studies must involve realistic models of injury with severe clinical scenarios approximating human trauma and exsanguination, especially with long-term follow-up after injury.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos Penetrantes/complicações
13.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 90(2): 369-375, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502148

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is the leading cause of potentially survivable combat casualty mortality, with 86.5% of cases resulting from noncompressible torso hemorrhage. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a minimally invasive technique used to stabilize patients with noncompressible torso hemorrhage; however, its application can take an average of 8 minutes to place. One therapeutic capable of bridging this gap is adenosine-lidocaine-magnesium (ALM), which at high doses induces a reversible cardioplegia. We hypothesize by using ALM as an adjunct to REBOA, the ALM-induced cardiac arrest will temporarily halt exsanguination and reduce blood loss, allowing for REBOA placement and control of bleeding. METHODS: Male Yorkshire swine (60-80 kg) were randomly assigned to REBOA only or ALM-REBOA (n = 8/group). At baseline, uncontrolled hemorrhage was induced via a 1.5-cm right femoral arteriotomy, and hemorrhaged blood was quantified. One minute after injury (S1), ALM was administered, and 7 minutes later (T0), zone 1 REBOA inflation occurred. If cardiac arrest ensued, cardiac function either recovered spontaneously or advanced life support was initiated. At T30, surgical hemostasis was obtained, and REBOA was deflated. Animals were resuscitated until they were humanely euthanized at T90. RESULTS: During field care phase, heart rate and end-tidal CO2 of the ALM-REBOA group were significantly lower than the REBOA only group. While mean arterial pressure significantly decreased from baseline, no significant differences between groups were observed throughout the field care phase. There was no significant difference in survival between the two groups (ALM-REBOA = 89% vs. REBOA only = 100%). Total blood loss was significantly decreased in the ALM-REBOA group (REBOA only = 24.32 ± 1.89 mL/kg vs. ALM-REBOA = 17.75 ± 2.04 mL/kg, p = 0.0499). CONCLUSION: Adenosine-lidocaine-magnesium is a novel therapeutic, which, when used with REBOA, can significantly decrease the amount of blood loss at initial presentation, without compromising survival. This study provides proof of concept for ALM and its ability to bridge the gap between patient presentation and REBOA placement.


Assuntos
Adenosina/farmacologia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Soluções Cardioplégicas/farmacologia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Exsanguinação/terapia , Parada Cardíaca Induzida/métodos , Lidocaína/farmacologia , Magnésio/farmacologia , Animais , Aorta , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Soluções Farmacêuticas , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Suínos
14.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 258: 23-28, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare two vascular control options for blood loss prevention and hysterectomy during cesarean delivery (CD2): endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA3) and open bilateral common iliac artery occlusion (CIAO4) in women with extensive placenta accreta spectrum (PAS5). STUDY DESIGN: This was retrospective comparison of cases of PAS using either CIAO (October 2017 through October 2018) or REBOA (November 2018 through November 2019) to prevent pathologic hemorrhage during scheduled CD. Women with confirmed placenta increta/percreta underwent either CD then intraoperative post-delivery, pre-hysterectomy open vascular control of both CIA6 (CIAO group) or pre-operative, ultrasound-guided, fluoroscopy-free REBOA followed by standard CD and balloon inflation after fetal delivery (REBOA group). Intraoperative blood loss, transfusion volumes, surgical time, blood pressure, maternal and neonatal outcomes, hospitalization length and postoperative complications were compared. RESULTS: The REBOA and CIAO groups included 12 and 16 women, respectively, with similar median age of 35 years and gestational age of 34-35 weeks. All REBOA catheters were successfully placed into aortic zone three under ultrasound guidance. The quantitated median intraoperative blood loss was significantly lower for the REBOA group, (541 [IQR 300-750] mL) compared to the CIAO group (3331 [IQR 1150-4750] mL (P = 0.001). As a result, the total volume of fluid and blood replacement therapy was significantly lower in the REBOA group (P < 0.05). Median surgical time in the REBOA group was less than half as long: 76 [IQR 64-89] minutes compared to 168 [IQR 90-222] minutes in the CIAO group (P = 0.001). None of the women with REBOA required hysterectomy, while 8/16 women in the CIAO group did (P = 0.008). Furthermore, the post-anesthesia recovery and hospital discharge times in the REBOA-group were shorter (P < 0.05). One thromboembolic complication occurred in each group. The only REBOA-associated complication was non-occlusive femoral artery thrombosis, with no surgical management required. No maternal or neonatal deaths occurred in either group. CONCLUSION: Fluoroscopy-free REBOA for women with PAS is associated with improved vascular control, perioperative blood loss, the need for transfusion and hysterectomy and reduces surgical time when compared to bilateral CIAO.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Placenta Acreta , Hemorragia Pós-Parto , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/prevenção & controle , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/cirurgia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 90(4): 615-622, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (pREBOA) attempts to minimize ischemia/reperfusion injury while controlling hemorrhage. There are little data on optimal methods to evaluate and titrate partial flow, which typically requires invasive arterial line monitoring. We sought to examine the use of a miniaturized handheld digital pressure device (COMPASS; Mirador Biomedical, Seattle, WA) for pREBOA placement and titration of flow. METHODS: Ten swine underwent standardized hemorrhagic shock. Carotid and iliac pressures were monitored with both arterial line and COMPASS devices, and flow was monitored by aortic and superior mesenteric artery flow probes. Partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta was inflated to control hemorrhage for 15 minutes before being deflated to try targeting aortic flow of 0.7 L/min (using only the COMPASS device) by an operator blinded to the arterial line pressures and aortic flow. Correlations between COMPASS and proximal/distal arterial line were evaluated, as well as actual aortic flow. RESULTS: There was strong correlation between the distal mean arterial pressure (MAP) and the distal COMPASS MAP (r = 0.979, p < 0.01), as well as between the proximal arterial line and the proximal COMPASS on the pREBOA (r = 0.989, p < 0.01). There was a significant but weaker correlation between the distal compass MAP reading and aortic flow (r = 0.47, p < 0.0001), although it was not clinically significant and predicted flow was not achieved in a majority of the procedures. Of 10 pigs, survival times ranged from 10 to 120 minutes, with a mean survival of 50 minutes, and 1 pig surviving to 120 minutes. CONCLUSION: Highly reliable pressure monitoring is achieved proximally and distally without arterial lines using the COMPASS device on the pREBOA. Despite accurate readings, distal MAPs were a poor indicator of aortic flow, and titration based upon distal MAPs did not provide reliable results. Further investigation will be required to find a suitable proxy for targeting specific aortic flow levels using pREBOA.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Monitores de Pressão Arterial , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Choque Hemorrágico/fisiopatologia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Animais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Pressão Arterial , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ressuscitação , Suínos
16.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 90(4): 659-665, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33405470

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knowledge on practice patterns for aortic occlusion (AO) in the setting of severe pelvic fractures is limited. This study aimed to describe clinical outcomes based on number and types of interventions after zone 3 resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) deployment. METHODS: A retrospective review of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma Aortic Occlusion for Resuscitation in Trauma and Acute Care Surgery multicenter registry was performed for patients who underwent zone 3 AO from 2013 to 2020. Patients with a blunt mechanism who survived beyond the emergency department were included. Interventions evaluated were preperitoneal pelvic packing (PP), angioembolization (AE), and external fixation (EF) of the pelvis. Management approaches were compared against the primary outcome of mortality. Secondary outcomes included transfusion requirements, overall complications and acute kidney injury (AKI). RESULTS: Of 207 patients who underwent zone 3 AO, 160 (77.3%) fit the inclusion criteria. Sixty (37.5%) underwent AO alone, 50 (31.3%) underwent a second hemostatic intervention, and 49 (30.6%) underwent a third hemostatic intervention. Overall mortality was 37.7% (n = 60). There were no differences in mortality based on any number or combination of interventions. On multivariable regression, only EF was associated with a mortality reduction (odds ratio, 0.22; p = 0.011). Increasing number of interventions were associated with higher transfusion and complication rates. Pelvic packing + AE was associated with increased AKI than PP or AE alone (73.3% vs. 29.5% and 28.6%, p = 0.005), and AE was associated with increased AKI resulting in dialysis than PP alone (17.9% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.036). CONCLUSION: Zone 3 REBOA can be used as a standalone hemorrhage control technique and as an adjunct in the management of severe pelvic fractures. The only additional intervention associated with a mortality reduction was EF. The benefit of increasing number of interventions must be weighed against more harm. Heterogeneity in practice patterns for REBOA use in pelvic fracture management underscores the need for an evidence base to standardize care. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, Level IV.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Choque Hemorrágico/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ressuscitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Hemorrágico/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 90(3): 426-433, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492106

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality in trauma. Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can control hemorrhage, but distal ischemia, subsequent reperfusion injury, and the need for frequent balloon titration remain problems. Improved device design can allow for partial REBOA (pREBOA) that may provide hemorrhage control while also perfusing distally without need for significant provider titration. METHODS: Female Yorkshire swine (N = 10) were subjected to 40% hemorrhagic shock for 1 hour (mean arterial pressure [MAP], 28-32 mm Hg). Animals were then randomized to either complete aortic occlusion (ER-REBOA) or partial occlusion (novel pREBOA-PRO) without frequent provider titration or distal MAP targets. Detection of a trace distal waveform determined partial occlusion in the pREBOA-PRO arm. After 2 hours of zone 1 occlusion, the hemorrhaged whole blood was returned. After 50% autotransfusion, the balloon was deflated over a 10-minute period. Following transfusion, the animals were survived for 2 hours while receiving resuscitation based on objective targets: lactated Ringer's fluid boluses (goal central venous pressure, ≥ 6 mm Hg), a norepinephrine infusion (goal MAP, 55-60 mm Hg), and acid-base correction (goal pH, >7.2). Hemodynamic variables, arterial lactate, lactate dehydrogenase, aspartate aminotransferase, and creatinine levels were measured. RESULTS: All animals survived throughout the experiment, with similar increase in proximal MAPs in both groups. Animals that underwent partial occlusion had slightly higher distal MAPs. At the end of the experiment, the partial occlusion group had lower end levels of serum lactate (p = 0.006), lactate dehydrogenase (p = 0.0004) and aspartate aminotransferase (p = 0.004). Animals that underwent partial occlusion required less norepinephrine (p = 0.002), less bicarbonate administration (p = 0.006), and less fluid resuscitation (p = 0.042). CONCLUSION: Improved design for pREBOA can decrease the degree of distal ischemia and reperfusion injury compared with complete aortic occlusion, while providing a similar increase in proximal MAPs. This can allow pREBOA zone-1 deployment for longer periods without the need for significant balloon titration.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Animais , Pressão Arterial , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/etiologia , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Suínos
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(12)2020 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318247

RESUMO

Transorbital penetrating foreign bodies are extremely rare in children and may penetrate the cavernous sinus or the underlying internal carotid artery. Parent vessel sacrifice and temporary balloon occlusion are feasible options for managing arterial injury during removal of the foreign body. Even in the absence of arterial injury, the ophthalmologist may encounter significant bleeding from the cavernous sinus deep in their operative field that is difficult to control. We present a case of a 6-year-old child with a stick penetrating the left superior orbit to enter the cavernous sinus but sparing the internal carotid artery. We describe the first reported experience of prophylactic coil embolisation of the cavernous sinus to minimise intraoperative bleeding during transorbital removal of a foreign body with an excellent clinical outcome.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Seio Cavernoso/patologia , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Traumatismos Cranianos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Órbita/irrigação sanguínea , Lesões Acidentais , Ciclismo , Criança , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Corpos Estranhos/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Órbita/patologia , Órbita/cirurgia
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