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1.
Br J Radiol ; 93(1108): 20190751, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of low-dose gelatin sponge particles and 5% ethanolamine oleate iopamidol (EOI) mixture in retrograde transvenous obliteration (GERTO) for gastric varices (GV). METHODS: 57 consecutive patients who underwent balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) for GV were divided into three groups with Hirota's grade by balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous venography. Hirota's Grade 1 patients were assigned to G1 group and underwent treatment with 5% EOI. Grade ≥ 2 patients prior to August 2015 were G ≥ 2 group treated with 5% EOI, and those treated thereafter were GERTO group. The amount of EOI used per unit GV volume (EOI/GV ratio), the times to embolization and recurrence rate of GV were evaluated. RESULTS: The EOI/GV ratio was 0.66 ± 0.19 in G1, 1.5 ± 0.8 in G ≥ 2, and 0.58 ± 0.23 in GERTO (G ≥ 2 vs GERTO, p < 0.0001). The times to embolization were 26.5 ± 10.5 min for G1, 39.2 ± 26.8 for G ≥ 2, and 21.4 ± 9.4 for GERTO (G ≥ 2 vs GERTO, p = 0.005). The recurrence rate was not significantly different in any of the groups. CONCLUSION: GERTO was performed in lower amount of sclerosants and in less time compared to conventional B-RTO in Hirota's grade ≥2. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Feasibility of low-dose gelatin sponge particles and 5% EOI mixture as sclerosants for GV.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/terapia , Gelatina/administração & dosagem , Iopamidol/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Oleicos/administração & dosagem , Soluções Esclerosantes/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Flebografia/métodos
2.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(2): 298-304, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Partial resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (pREBOA) and intermittent REBOA (iREBOA) are techniques to extend the therapeutic duration of REBOA by balloon titration for distal flow or cyclical balloon inflation/deflation to allow transient distal flow, respectively. We hypothesized that manually titrated pREBOA would reduce blood losses and ischemic burden when compared with iREBOA. METHODS: Following 20% blood volume controlled hemorrhage, 10 anesthetized pigs underwent uncontrolled hemorrhage from the right iliac artery and vein. Once in hemorrhagic shock, animals underwent 15 minutes of complete zone 1 REBOA followed by 75 minutes of either pREBOA or iREBOA (n = 5/group). After 90 minutes, definitive hemorrhage control was obtained, animals were resuscitated with the remaining collected blood, and then received 2 hours of critical care. RESULTS: There were no differences in mortality. Animals randomized to iREBOA spent a larger portion of the time at full occlusion when compared with pREBOA (median, 70 minutes; interquartile range [IQR], 70-80 vs. median, 20 minutes; IQR, 20-40, respectively; p = 0.008). While the average blood pressure during the intervention period was equivalent between groups, this was offset by large fluctuations in blood pressure and significantly more rescue occlusions for hypotension with iREBOA. Despite lower maximum aortic flow rates, the pREBOA group tolerated a greater total amount of distal aortic flow during the intervention period (median, 20.9 L; IQR, 20.1-23.0 vs. median, 9.8 L; IQR, 6.8-10.3; p = 0.03) with equivalent abdominal blood losses. Final plasma lactate and creatinine concentrations were equivalent, although iREBOA animals had increased duodenal edema on histology. CONCLUSION: Compared with iREBOA, pREBOA reduced the time spent at full occlusion and the number of precipitous drops in proximal mean arterial pressure while delivering more distal aortic flow but not increasing total blood loss in this highly lethal injury model. Neither technique demonstrated a survival benefit. Further refinement of these techniques is necessary before clinical guidelines are issued.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Animais , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/instrumentação , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Ressuscitação/instrumentação , Choque Hemorrágico/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Sus scrofa , Fatores de Tempo , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
3.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(2): 305-309, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is a viable resuscitation approach for a subdiaphragmatic injury that can regulate arterial blood flow. On the other hand, the evaluation of venous or portal venous blood flow during REBOA remains insufficient because invasive cannulation or exposure of the vessel may affect the blood flow, and Doppler echography is highly operator-dependent. However, phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging has enabled accurate evaluation and noninvasive measurement. This study aimed to investigate the change of venous and portal venous blood flow during REBOA in a porcine model. METHODS: Seven pigs were anesthetized, and a REBOA catheter was placed. The blood flows of the inferior vena cava (IVC), hepatic vein (HV), portal vein (PV), and superior vena cava (SVC) were measured using phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging, in both the balloon deflated (no-REBOA) and fully balloon inflated (REBOA) states. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure, cardiac index, and systemic vascular resistance index were measured. RESULTS: The blood flows of the suprahepatic, infrahepatic, and distal IVC, HV, and PV in the no-REBOA state were 1.40 ± 0.36 L·min, 0.94 ± 0.16 L·min, 0.50 ± 0.19 L·min, 0.060 ± 0.018 L·min, and 0.32 ± 0.091 L·min, respectively. The blood flow of each section in the REBOA condition was significantly decreased at 0.41 ± 0.078 (33% of baseline), 0.15 ± 0.13 (15%), 0.043 ± 0.034 (9%), 0.029 ± 0.017 (37%), and 0.070 ± 0.034 L·min (21%), respectively. The blood flow of the SVC increased significantly in the REBOA condition (1.4 ± 0.63 L·min vs. 0.53 ± 0.14 L·min [257%]). Mean arterial pressure, central venous pressure, cardiac index, and systemic vascular resistance index were significantly increased after REBOA inflation. CONCLUSION: Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta decreased blood flows of the IVC, HV, and PV and increased blood flow of the SVC. This result could be explained by the collateral flow from the lower body to the SVC. A better understanding of the effect of REBOA on the venous and portal venous systems may help control liver injury.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Sistema Porta/fisiologia , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional/fisiologia , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Animais , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/lesões , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Sistema Porta/diagnóstico por imagem , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos , Porco Miniatura
4.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e522-e528, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550537

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare flat detector computed tomography cerebral blood volume (FD-CBV) imaging to single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) as an adjunctive technique during balloon test occlusion (BTO) in patients with intracranial aneurysms or tumors. METHODS: Twelve patients who underwent SPECT (99mTc-ethyl cysteinate dimer) and FD-CBV imaging during BTO were enrolled. Color-coded cerebral blood flow (CBF) images and color-coded FD-CBV images were generated and visually inspected whether there were asymmetries between the ipsilateral and contralateral cerebral hemispheres. Region of interest measurements were performed on the color-coded images at the same locations for both modalities. The mean interhemispheric region of interest ratios were calculated, and the ratio between these were estimated using linear regression models. RESULTS: Ten patients had no symptoms during BTO. Two patients developed subtle but inconclusive neurologic changes approximately 10 minutes after balloon inflation; their images showed asymmetric color-coded images with decreased CBF and FD-CBV in the ipsilateral hemisphere. The mean interhemispheric ratio of CBF was significantly smaller in patients with subtle changes than in those without (0.84 vs. 0.98; P < 0.001). Similarly, the mean interhemispheric ratio of FD-CBV was significantly smaller in patients with subtle changes than in those without (0.88 vs. 1.06; P = 0.01). No patient showed increased CBF or FD-CBV in the ipsilateral hemisphere. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with decreased CBF on SPECT also showed decreased FD-CBV in the ipsilateral hemisphere. FD-CBV imaging may be useful as an adjunctive technique for BTO before potential therapeutic carotid artery occlusion.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adulto , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Circulação Cerebrovascular/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroimagem/métodos
5.
Ceska Gynekol ; 84(5): 337-340, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826629

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe a case report with prophylactic bilateral iliac artery balloon occlusion during cesarean section in Jehova´s Witnesses patient. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University Hospital, Olomouc; Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Olomouc; Department of Health Care Sciencies, Bata University, Zlín. CASE REPORT: We describe case report with prophylactic bilateral iliac artery balloon occlusion during cesarean section in Jehova´s Witnesses patient in attempt to decrease the risk of heavy peroperative bleeding. Twenty eight years old primigravida underwent prophylactic internal iliac artery balloon catheterization with interventional radiology preoperatively. Two 6-Fr balloon catheters transfemorally bilaterally up to internal iliac artery with position a “cross over“ were introduced, according to Seldingers standard technique. The procedure was without complications, estimated blood loss was 500 ml. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic placement of intravascular balloon catheters is a feasible treatment for Jehova´s Witnesses patients in efforts to decrease the risk of heavy bleeding during cesarean section.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Cesárea/métodos , Placenta Acreta/terapia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Hemorragia Uterina/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca , Gravidez , Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Útero/cirurgia
6.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 46(5): e20192334, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859727

RESUMO

Currently, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) is used in trauma surgery for controlling non-compressible torso hemorrhages, as a less invasive option and with fewer physiologic disturbances compared with an invasive emergent thoracotomy for aortic cross-clamping. This can allow improvements in hemodynamic parameters until definitive surgery is performed. REBOA is also used in trauma to prevent hemodynamic collapse in patients who are in severe hemorrhagic shock, as a method to maintain perfusion of the brain and heart while decreasing distal bleeding until hemorrhage control can take place. The major complications reported are acute kidney injury, lower leg amputations, and even death. As experience with REBOA in emergency surgery grows, new indications have been described in the literature. The aim of this study was to assess the expansion of the use of REBOA in other areas of medicine, as well as evaluating the current published series. We performed an online search of PubMed, Medline and SciELO with the term "REBOA" in the last five years, and the articles included were the 14 specifically describing the use of REBOA for non-traumatic conditions. The results suggest that the use of REBOA led to improved bleeding control and increased arterial pressure, reducing blood transfusion requirements and allowing patients to survive to definitive treatment of injuries. In conclusion, the expanded use of REBOA for non-traumatic emergencies appears to be effective. However, prospective studies and well-established protocols for specific indications should be developed to maximize patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação/métodos , Humanos
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(41): e17466, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593105

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Vertebral arteriovenous fistulas (VAVFs) are depicted with anomalous connections between the vertebral artery, or its branches, and the adjacent venous system. Most VAVFs occur as a result of direct trauma during accidents, whereas others have iatrogenic origin. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of 11-year-old male who presented with right limb weakness and walking instability. DIAGNOSIS: Magnetic resonance angiography as well as digital subtraction angiogram (DSA) of the neck demonstrated a right VAVF. The cervical medulla was compressed by a dilated vein in vertebral canal. The blood supply of the fistula was from the right vertebral artery, whereas drainage was via epidural and paraspinal venous plexus. INTERVENTIONS: We introduced the TransForm Occlusion Balloon Catheter into right vertebral artery, identified the VAVF, and occluded it with the balloon. OUTCOMES: We successfully obliterated the VAVF with patency of parent vertebral artery with a balloon. The symptoms of the patient were relieved after the procedure. Two years' follow-up revealed no recurrence of the fistula. The patient is currently well. LESSONS: Patency of the parent artery following obliteration a VAVF is still a challenge. Obliteration of the VAVF with a balloon while the parent vertebral artery is still patent is very possible.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Artéria Vertebral/anormalidades , Angiografia Digital , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Criança , Humanos , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pescoço/irrigação sanguínea , Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
8.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(8)2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420432

RESUMO

Free-floating thrombus (FFT) in the carotid artery has been reported as a rare cause of acute ischaemic stroke. There are various treatment strategies, but higher risk of distal embolism may limit their applicability. A 77-year-old woman noticed right upper arm weakness. A CT angiogram revealed that a large floating thrombus had strayed across the carotid bifurcation, while another thrombus was present in the right axillary artery. As for the carotid FFT, in spite of anticoagulation therapy, the number of asymptomatic microthrombuses gradually increased on diffusion-weighted MRI. We performed endovascular therapy utilising two temporary occlusion balloon catheters and performed direct aspiration with a reperfusion catheter. The procedure was uneventful. We successfully performed a new endovascular technique for FFT in the carotid bifurcation. Our method is effective, minimally invasive and safe.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Reperfusão/instrumentação , Trombose/terapia , Idoso , Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Braço/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Reperfusão/métodos
9.
Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol ; 42(10): 1488-1493, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363897

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We presented a new method of sac embolization using n-butyl-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) with balloon occlusion of the aorta (SEBOA) that can facilitate decreasing flow rate of the involved branches with the goal of type 2 endoleak resolution after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). TECHNIQUE: This technique is demonstrated in six patients who required type 2 endoleak treatment including previous technical failure. A transarterial approach was performed in four patients and transabdominal direct puncture in two. Technical success was defined as complete embolization of both involved branches and sac on postoperative CT. Sacography under balloon occlusion of the aorta demonstrated decreased flow rate of the all involved branches in all patients. SEBOA was performed using 25 or 33% of NBCA diluted with lipiodol. Technical success was obtained in 3 of 6 patients, and one major complication was observed with adhesion of NBCA to the microcatheter resulting in foreign body retention. CONCLUSION: SEBOA may help solve the difficulty of type 2 endoleak treatment after EVAR as decreased flow rate of the involved branches under balloon occlusion of the aorta was achieved in all patients. However, protocols regarding concentration of NBCA or using other embolic materials are needed to improve the success rate.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/terapia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Endoleak/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Aórtico/complicações , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Embucrilato/administração & dosagem , Endoleak/complicações , Endoleak/diagnóstico por imagem , Óleo Etiodado/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(8)2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466976

RESUMO

We present a case of a high cardiac output (CO) arteriovenous fistula (AVF) with pulmonary hypertension (PH) post-double lung transplant presenting for AVF occlusion. The patient presented with a CO of 9.83 L/min, pulmonary artery pressures of 64/16, inferior vena cava dilatation and an AVF between the left common iliac artery and vein. Given her anaesthetic considerations, we elected to proceed with local anaesthesia and sedation. Trial balloon occlusion resulted in an increase in blood pressure and a headache that resolved with balloon deflation. Successful final occlusion with an endovascular stent was completed without adverse events. PH is a complex pathophysiology with the potential for catastrophic decompensation. Anaesthesiologists must consider a patient's comorbidities and the procedure to safely administer anaesthesia without complications.


Assuntos
Fístula Arteriovenosa/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Angiografia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Débito Cardíaco/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/complicações , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Diálise Renal , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Am Surg ; 85(6): 654-662, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267908

RESUMO

Resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) represents an innovative method by which noncompressible bleeding in the torso can be mitigated until definitive treatment can be obtained. To perform a systematic review of the literature on the use of the REBOA in trauma patients. An English and Spanish literature search was performed using MEDLINE, PubMed, and Scopus, from 1948 to 2018. Keywords used were aortic balloon occlusion, resuscitative endovascular balloon, REBOA, hemorrhage, and resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta. The eligilibility criteria included only original and human subject articles. Nontrauma patients, nonbleeding pathology, letters, single case reports, reviews, and pediatric patients were excluded. Two hundred forty-six articles were identified, of which 17 articles were included in this review. The total number of patients was 1340; 69 per cent were men and 31 per cent women. In 465 patients, the aortic zone location was described: 83 per cent the balloon was placed in aortic zone I and 16 per cent in zone III. Systolic blood pressure increased at an average of 52 mmHg before and after aortic occlusion. Although 32 patients (2.4%) presented clinical complications derived from the procedure, no mortality was reported. The trauma-related mortality rate was 58 per cent (776/1340). REBOA is a useful resource for the management of noncompressive torso hemorrhage with promising results in systolic blood pressure and morbidity. Indications for its use include injuries in zones 1 and 3, whereas it is not clear for zone 2 injuries. Additional studies are needed to define the benefits of this procedure.


Assuntos
Ruptura Aórtica/terapia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/terapia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Aorta Torácica/lesões , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Ressuscitação/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ferimentos e Lesões/diagnóstico
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 55(7)2019 Jul 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277322

RESUMO

Gastric varices are less common than esophageal varices, and their treatment is quite challenging. Gastric varix bleedings (GVB) occur less frequently than esophageal varix (EV) bleedings and represent 10% to 30% of all variceal bleedings. They are; however, more severe and are associated with high mortality. Re-bleeding may occur in 35% to 90% of cases after spontaneous hemostasis. GV bleedings represent a serious clinical problem compared with esophageal varices due to their location. Sclerotherapy and band ligation, in particular, are less effective. Based on the anatomic site and location, treatment differs from EV and is categorized into two groups (i.e., endoscopic or radiologic treatment). Surgical management is used less frequently. Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) and cyanoacrylate are safe but there is a high risk of re-bleeding. Portal pressure elevates following BRTO and leads to worsening of esophageal varix pressure. Other significant complications may include hemoglobinuria, abdominal pain, fever, and pleural effusion. Shock and atrial fibrillation are major complications. New and efficient treatment modalities will be possible in the future.


Assuntos
Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adesivos/normas , Adesivos/uso terapêutico , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Oclusão com Balão/normas , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Humanos , Hepatopatias/complicações , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática/métodos , Derivação Portossistêmica Transjugular Intra-Hepática/normas
13.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1102): 20190127, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317769

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the risk factors for massive bleeding based on angiographic findings in patients with placenta previa and accreta who underwent balloon occlusion of the internal iliac artery (BOIA) during cesarean section. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using the clinical records of 42 patients with placenta previa and accreta who underwent BOIA during cesarean section between 2006 and 2017 in Gunma university hospital. We reviewed incidence of collateral arteries to the uterus on the initial aortography. We evaluated the visualization of the ovarian artery arising directly from the abdominal aorta, round ligament artery arising from the external iliac artery/inferior epigastric artery, and the iliolumbar artery. In addition, the clinical characteristics were reviewed. Patients with an estimated blood loss during delivery of >2500 ml, >4 packed red blood cell transfusions, uterine artery embolization after delivery, or hysterectomy were defined as the massive bleeding group. We compared between the massive and non-massive bleeding groups. RESULTS: 20 patients (48%) had a massive bleeding. No procedure-related severe complications were observed. The massive and non-massive bleeding groups differed in terms of operation time (p < 0.001), hysterectomy (p < 0.001), post-operative hospital stay (p < 0.05), and visualization of round ligament arteries to the uterus [15/20 (75%) patients, p < 0.01]. CONCLUSION: The incidence of collateral blood supply from a round ligament artery to the uterus may be a risk factor for massive bleeding in patients with placenta previa and accreta who have undergone BOIA during cesarean section. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Angiographic visualization of collateral circulation from the round ligament artery to the uterus may be a risk factor for massive bleeding in patients with placenta previa and accreta who have undergone BOIA during cesarean section.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Cesárea/métodos , Circulação Colateral , Artéria Ilíaca , Ovário/irrigação sanguínea , Placenta Acreta/cirurgia , Placenta Prévia/cirurgia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Adulto , Angiografia , Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Hemostasia Cirúrgica/métodos , Humanos , Histerectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Acreta/diagnóstico por imagem , Placenta Prévia/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ligamento Redondo do Útero/irrigação sanguínea , Ultrassonografia , Útero/irrigação sanguínea
14.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 87(1): 18-26, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of preperitoneal balloon tamponade (PPB), resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the orta (REBOA), and open preperitoneal packing (OP) in a realistic animal model of pelvic fracture-associated hemorrhage. METHODS: Thirty-nine swine underwent creation of open-book pelvic fracture and iliac vascular injury. Animals were randomized to no intervention (n = 7), OP (n = 10), PPB (n = 9), zone 1 REBOA (n = 7), and zone 3 REBOA (n = 6) at a mean arterial pressure less than 40 mm Hg from uncontrolled hemorrhage. Primary outcome was survival at 1 hour. Secondary outcomes included survival in the immediate 10 m following intervention reversal, peak preperitoneal pressure (PP), blood loss, bleed rate, and peak lactate. RESULTS: Prior to injury, no difference was measured between groups for weight, hemodynamics, lactate, and hematocrit (all p = NS). The injury was uniformly lethal without intervention, with survival time (mean) of 5 m, peak PP of 14 mm Hg, blood loss of 960 g, bleed rate of 450 g/m, and peak lactate of 2.6 mmol/L. Survival time (m) was extended to 44 with OP, 60 with PPB, and 60 with REBOA (p < 0.01). Peak PP (mm Hg) was 19 with OP, 23 with PPB, 10 with zone 1 REBOA, and 6 with zone 3 REBOA (p < 0.05). Blood loss (g) was 850 with OP, 930 with PPB, 610 with zone 1 REBOA, and 370 with zone 3 REBOA (p < 0.01). Peak lactate (mmol/L) was 3.3 with OP, 4.3 with PPB, 13.4 with zone 1 REBOA, and 5.3 with zone 3 REBOA (p < 0.01). Only 33% of zone 1 REBOA animals survived the initial 10 m after balloon deflation, compared to 60% for OP, 67% for PPB, and 100% for zone 3 REBOA (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Preperitoneal balloon tamponade and zone 3 REBOA are effective alternatives to OP in this animal model of lethal pelvic fracture-associated hemorrhage. Zone 1 REBOA extends survival time but with high mortality upon reversal.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/terapia , Ossos Pélvicos/lesões , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemorragia/terapia , Masculino , Suínos
15.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 87(1): 9-17, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259868

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-grade solid organ injury is a major cause of mortality in trauma. Use of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) can be effective but is limited by ischemia-reperfusion injury. Intermittent balloon inflation/deflation has been proposed as an alternative, but the safety and efficacy prior to operative hemorrhage control is unknown. METHODS: Twenty male swine underwent standardized high-grade liver injury, then randomization to controls (N = 5), 60-min continuous REBOA (cR, n = 5), and either a time-based (10-minute inflation/3-minute deflation, iRT = 5) or pressure-based (mean arterial pressure<40 during deflation, iRP = 5) intermittent schedule. Experiments were concluded after 120 minutes or death. RESULTS: Improved overall survival was seen in the iRT group when compared to cR (p < 0.01). Bleeding rate in iRT (5.9 mL/min) was significantly lower versus cR and iRP (p = 0.02). Both iR groups had higher final hematocrit (26% vs. 21%) compared to cR (p = 0.03). Although overall survival was lower in the iRP group, animals surviving to 120 minutes with iRP had decreased end organ injury (Alanine aminotransferase [ALT] 33 vs. 40 in the iRT group, p = 0.03) and lower lactate levels (13 vs. 17) compared with the iRT group (p = 0.03). No differences were seen between groups in terms of coagulopathy based on rotational thromboelastometry. CONCLUSION: Intermittent REBOA is a potential viable adjunct to improve survival in lethal solid organ injury while minimizing the ischemia-reperfusion seen with full REBOA. The time-based intermittent schedule had the best survival and prolonged duration of tolerable zone 1 placement. Although the pressure-based schedule was less reliable in terms of survival, when effective, it was associated with decreased acidosis and end-organ injury.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Fígado/lesões , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Suínos
16.
Intern Med ; 58(16): 2291-2297, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118379

RESUMO

Objective Balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO) for gastric varices (GV) is associated with drawbacks including a postoperative increase in portal pressure and the risk of subsequent worsening of esophageal varices (EV). Selective B-RTO that embolizes only the varices may have the potential to minimize such risks. The aim of this study is to retrospectively compare the postoperative course of patients after selective B-RTO (Group S) and conventional B-RTO (Group B). Methods One hundred four patients treated from January 2007 to April 2012 were classified into Groups S (n=5) and B (n=99). In the univariate analysis, the volume of 5% ethanolamine oleate iopamiodol (EOI) administered at baseline and the GV blood flow on endoscopic ultrasound after B-RTO were considered as covariates. The rates of GV recurrence and EV aggravation was also compared between Groups B and S. Results In Group S, the volume of 5% EOI was significantly lower (Group S vs. Group B: 14.6±5.5 vs. 28.5±16.4 mL; p=0.0012) and the rate of EV aggravation was lower in comparison to Group B (p=0.045). However, in Group S, the rate of complete eradication of GV blood flow was significantly lower (Group S vs. Group B: 0% vs. 89.9%; p<0.001) and the rate of re-treatment for GV was higher in comparison to Group B (Group S vs. Group B: 60% vs. 1.0%; p<0.001). Conclusion Selective B-RTO for GV could minimize the risk of a worsening of EV or reduce the amount of sclerosants; however, the rate of recurrence was high in comparison to conventional B-RTO.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Endossonografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 2674758, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31073523

RESUMO

Aims: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of percutaneous transhepatic antegrade embolization (PTAE) with 2-octyl cyanoacrylate assisted with balloon occlusion of the left renal vein or gastrorenal shunts (GRSs) for the treatment of isolated gastric varices (IGVs) with large GRSs. Methods: Thirty patients with IGVs associated with large GRSs who had underwent PTAE assisted with a balloon to block the opening of the GRS in the left renal vein were retrospectively evaluated and followed up. Clinical and laboratory data were collected to evaluate the technical success of the procedure, complications, changes in the liver function using Child-Pugh scores, worsening of the esophageal varices, the rebleeding rate, and survival. Laboratory data obtained before and after PTAE were compared (paired-sample t-test). Results: PTAE was technically successful in all 30 patients. No serious complications were observed except for one nonsymptomatic pulmonary embolism. During a mean follow-up of 30 months, rebleeding was observed in 4/30 (13.3%) patients, worsening of esophageal varices was observed in 4/30 (13.3%) patients, and newly developed or aggravated ascites were observed on CT in 3/30 (10%) patients. Significant improvement was observed in Child-Pugh scores (p=0.009) and the international normalized ratio (INR) (p=0.004) at 3 months after PTAE. The cumulative survival rates at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years were 96.3%, 96.3%, 79.9%, and 79.9%, respectively. Conclusion: Balloon-assisted PTAE with 2-octyl cyanoacrylate is technically feasible, safe, and effective for the treatment of IGV associated with a large GRS.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/terapia , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Cianoacrilatos/administração & dosagem , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Fístula/fisiopatologia , Fístula/terapia , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/patologia , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Cirrose Hepática/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veias Renais/efeitos dos fármacos , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Adesivos Teciduais/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 87(3): 590-598, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31145381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The cardiac effects of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) are largely unknown. We hypothesized that increased afterload from REBOA would lead to cardiac injury, and that partial flow using endovascular variable aortic control (EVAC) would mitigate this injury. METHODS: Eighteen anesthetized swine underwent controlled 25% blood volume hemorrhage. Animals were randomized to either Zone 1 REBOA, Zone 1 EVAC, or no intervention (control) for 45 minutes. Animals were then resuscitated with shed blood, observed during critical care, and euthanized after a 6-hour total experimental time. Left ventricular function was measured with a pressure-volume catheter, and blood samples were drawn at routine intervals. RESULTS: The average cardiac output during the intervention period was higher in the REBOA group (9.3 [8.6-15.4] L/min) compared with the EVAC group (7.2 [5.8-8.0] L/min, p = 0.01) and the control group (6.8 [5.8-7.7] L/min, p < 0.01). At the end of the intervention, the preload recruitable stroke work was significantly higher in both the REBOA and EVAC groups compared with the control group (111.2 [102.5-148.6] and 116.7 [116.6-141.4] vs. 67.1 [62.7-87.9], p = 0.02 and p < 0.01, respectively). The higher preload recruitable stroke work was maintained throughout the experiment in the EVAC group, but not in the REBOA group. Serum troponin concentrations after 6 hours were higher in the REBOA group compared with both the EVAC and control groups (6.26 ± 5.35 ng/mL vs 0.92 ± 0.61 ng/mL and 0.65 ± 0.38 ng/mL, p = 0.05 and p = 0.03, respectively). Cardiac intramural hemorrhage was higher in the REBOA group compared with the control group (1.67 ± 0.46 vs. 0.17 ± 0.18, p = 0.03), but not between the EVAC and control groups. CONCLUSION: In a swine model of hemorrhagic shock, complete aortic occlusion resulted in cardiac injury, although there was no direct decrease in cardiac function. EVAC mitigated the cardiac injury and improved cardiac performance during resuscitation and critical care.


Assuntos
Aorta , Oclusão com Balão , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Ressuscitação/métodos , Animais , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aorta/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/efeitos adversos , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Suínos , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(4)2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040138

RESUMO

We present two children treated with endovascular techniques to gain proximal arterial control of the internal carotid and vertebral artery prior to removal of penetrating objects from the skull base. Both siblings (8-month-old and 22-month-old boys) were injured by different sharp objects (knife and scissor) by a guardian. They were transported to the emergency room where vascular control, including coil embolisation and internal carotid balloon occlusion, was performed in the neuroendovascular suite for safe removal of penetrating objects. Both minors recovered and were discharged home without any focal neurological deficits. In two children with scissor and knife stab with intracranial penetration, endovascular technique allowed safe removal of objects and ensured proximal arterial control was maintained to control for possible extravasation of blood on removal from the skull base.


Assuntos
Oclusão com Balão , Artéria Carótida Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Perfurantes/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Vítimas de Crime , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Corpos Estranhos/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia , Ferimentos Perfurantes/complicações , Ferimentos Perfurantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos Perfurantes/fisiopatologia
20.
J Surg Res ; 241: 215-221, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028943

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) device has been adapted for inferior vena cava (IVC) use in both animal models and adult case reports. The aim of this study is to examine the feasibility for use of the REBOA device for pediatric IVC injuries and create a potential framework for implementation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A simulated venous system was designed with modeled IVC components based on 290 abdominal computed tomography scans of pediatric trauma patients. These patients were randomly selected to represent the ten Broselow categories. These IVC segments were selected to represent the posthepatic and prehepatic diameters for the five largest Broselow categories. A closed circulatory model was created with steady-state flow designed to model the venous system. The REBOA device was inserted into the system with the balloon in the IVC segment. Pressure monitors were placed distally and in the closed system, replicating the capacitance of the venous system. A flow meter was placed distally to the segment and balloon. Flow and pressure readings were recorded as the REBOA device was inflated and total occlusion was achieved. RESULTS: Suprahepatic IVC diameters ranged from 1.14 to 2.71 cm, while infrahepatic IVC diameters ranged from 0.76 to 2.39 cm. There was significant overlap in the measurements of the IVC, allowing five modeled segments to represent ten different IVCs. The venous model demonstrated a significant delay between balloon inflation and vessel occlusion. Approximately 80%-90% of the REBOA inflation volume results in approximately an initial 10% reduction in flow. Flow was completely obstructed which corresponded with a small increase in pressure difference between the proximal and distal pressure monitors, reflecting the capacitance in the venous system with inflation. CONCLUSIONS: Pediatric IVC injuries with significant hemorrhage should be amenable to endovascular occlusion as an adjunct to resuscitation and operative management.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/terapia , Oclusão com Balão/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia , Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Modelos Anatômicos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque Hemorrágico/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/anatomia & histologia , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
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