Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.716
Filtrar
1.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 161(3): 1010-1018.e1, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate graft patency rates during the 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting according to the functional significance of the coronary artery stenosis, as determined by myocardial single-photon-emission computed tomography. METHODS: Two hundred ninety-five patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting using Y-composite grafts based on the in situ left internal thoracic artery, and in whom preoperative stress/rest myocardial single-photon-emission computed tomography and 1-year angiographies were available were enrolled. Seven hundred sixty-nine and 262 distal anastomoses were constructed to ischemic and nonischemic areas, respectively. One-year and 5-year angiographic occlusion rates were evaluated in all and 80.3% of study patients, respectively. Factors associated with graft occlusion were evaluated using generalized linear mixed-effects models. RESULTS: Overall 1- and 5-year graft occlusion rates were 4.3% (44 of 1031 distal anastomoses) and 5.5% (45 out of 820), respectively. The occlusion rates of grafts bypassed to vessels with functionally significant and insignificant stenosis were 2.7% (21 out of 769) and 8.8% (23 out of 262) at 1 year and were 4.0% (25 out of 618) and 9.9% (20 out of 202) at 5 years, respectively. Graft occlusion during the 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting was associated with the functional significance of coronary artery stenosis (odds ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval, 0.28-0.92). The odds ratio of the graft occlusion according to functional ischemia was lower and significant in grafts to arteries with intermediate stenosis (stenosis ≥70% but <90%; odds ratio, 0.34; 95% confidence interval, 0.13-0.93) whereas it was higher and insignificant in grafts to arteries with severe stenosis (≥90% stenosis; odds ratio, 0.76; 95% confidence interval, 0.33-1.72). CONCLUSIONS: Graft occlusion during the 5 years after coronary artery bypass grafting was associated with the functional significance of coronary artery stenosis, particularly when the stenosis degree was not severe.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Estenose Coronária/cirurgia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem de Perfusão do Miocárdio , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24063, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466162

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the association between target vessel size and graft patency in the right IMA-right coronary territory anastomosis.A total of 402 patients who underwent CABG between 2005 and 2016 using the right IMA Y-graft to the posterolateral branch or posterior descending artery were enrolled. Preoperative coronary angiography was utilized to measure the size of the target coronary arteries in the right territory. Follow-up angiography and computed tomography at 6 to 12 months were used to determine graft patency.Thirty patients (7.5%) were found to have occluded graft. Larger target vessel size was associated with lower risk of graft occlusion (OR: 0.18, 95% CI:0.05-0.62, P = .007). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the cutoff-value of 1.93 mm was found to have the maximum sum of sensitivity and specificity for graft patency (Area under the curve (AUC): 0.65, P = .01). Excluding patients with right coronary artery total occlusion, the discriminative performance of target vessel size became more prominent (AUC: 0.76, P < .01), with same cutoff value.In the setting of bilateral IMA composite grafting, the patency of right IMA to right coronary territory was influenced by the size of the target coronary artery. The influence of target coronary artery size was prominent in non-total occlusion patients. Careful selection of a target anastomosis site is recommended.


Assuntos
Prótese Vascular , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 55(1): 5-10, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Distal bypass (DB) is the optimal treatment for patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). However, effectiveness of DB for patients with intermittent claudication (IC) remains uncertain. This study aimed to analyze long-term results of DB for IC patients (IC-DB) compared with those of DB for CLI patients (CLI-DB). METHODS: Patients undergoing DB from January 2009 to July 2018 at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. Operative details, primary and secondary patency, amputation free survival rate (AFS), and long-term exercise capacity using Barthel index were analyzed. RESULTS: Out of 302 DB (245 patients), 49 IC-DB were performed in 43 patients: 38 males, mean age 70.3 ± 8.0 years, diabetes mellitus 51%, chronic renal failure with hemodialysis 7%. The Great saphenous vein was used in 47 limbs, the small saphenous vein in 1, and the arm vein in 1. These grafts were bypassed in a non-reversed fashion for 35 limbs, in an in-situ fashion in 9, and in a reversed fashion in 5. The mean operative time was 173 min. The mean follow-up was 25 ± 26 months. Primary and secondary patency of IC-DB was 79% and 94% at 1 year, 71% and 90% at 3 years, 65% and 90% at 5 years, which were significantly higher than those of CLI-DB (primary patency: P = .007, secondary patency: P = .025). AFS of IC-DB and CLI-DB was 100% and 77% at 1 year, 93% and 52% at 3 years, and 90% and 43% at 5 years (IC-DB vs. CLI-DB, p < .0001). Barthel index of IC-DB unchanged at discharge (median 100) and at the last visit (median 100), showing daily activity was maintained adequately. CONCLUSIONS: DB could offer a promising approach for patients with IC because of durable graft patency, acceptable AFS, and maintenance of daily activity.


Assuntos
Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estado Terminal , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
4.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(11): 1831-1835, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958378

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review the immediate flow response and incidence of steal syndrome after taper reduction of tapered dialysis grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a quality assurance database of all hemodialysis access interventions performed between 2005 and 2017. It identified 77 patients who underwent a taper reduction procedure, involving angioplasty of the arterial limb of the graft and the arterial anastomosis for graft thrombosis/poor flow. A subset of patients underwent 5-, 6-, or 7-mm balloon taper reduction angioplasty coupled with intravascular direct flow measurement (n = 15 with 16 dialysis grafts). A two-tailed Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test was used to compare pre- and post-taper reduction flows. Mean duration of follow-up was 3.5 years (range, 0-12.5 years). RESULTS: Mean access survival after taper reduction was 20.2 months (range, 0.10-94.4 months). Pre- and post-taper reduction access flows (mean Qb ± standard deviation) were 574 ± 315 ml/min and 929 ± 352 ml/min, respectively (P < .0001). The mean ratio of post- to pre-taper reduction flows was 1.6 (range, 1.1-10.2). No patients developed steal syndrome within 6 months after taper reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Dialysis graft arterial anastomotic taper reduction did not result in the development of steal syndrome within 6 months. In the subset of patients who underwent flow measurements, taper reduction was associated with nearly a 2-fold improvement in access flow, which is a key predictor of access function.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Diálise Renal , Trombose/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
5.
Am Heart J ; 228: 91-97, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal role of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes following CABG among patients who received a radial artery graft. METHODS: Patients in the angiographic cohort of the PREVENT-IV trial were stratified based upon having received a radial artery graft or not during CABG. Baseline characteristics and 1-year angiographic and 5-year clinical outcomes were compared between patients. RESULTS: Of 1,923 patients in the angiographic cohort of PREVENT-IV, 117 received a radial artery graft. These patients had longer surgical procedures (median 253 vs 228 minutes, P < .001) and had a greater number of grafts placed (P < .0001). Radial artery grafts had a graft-level failure rate of 23.0%, which was similar to vein grafts (25.2%) and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts (8.3%). The hazard of the composite clinical outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization was similar for both cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 0.896, 95% CI 0.609-1.319, P = .58). Radial graft failure rates were higher when used to bypass moderately stenotic lesions (<75% stenosis, 37% failure) compared with severely stenotic lesions (≥75% stenosis, 15% failure). CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery grafts had early failure rates comparable to saphenous vein and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts. Use of a radial graft was not associated with a different rate of death, myocardial infarction, or postoperative revascularization. Despite the significant potential for residual confounding associated with post hoc observational analyses of clinical trial data, these findings suggest that when clinical circumstances permit, the radial artery is an acceptable alternative to saphenous vein and should be used to bypass severely stenotic target vessels.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Artéria Radial/transplante , Reoperação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(8): 752-755, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783501
7.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1373-1381, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800660

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the maturation of the endovascular arteriovenous fistula system (EndoAVF) for 2-needle cannulation (2NC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From October 2018 to June 2019, evaluation of 123 patients resulted in 95 arteriovenous fistulae, a rate of 63% (60 of 95) EndoAVF, and 37% (35 of 60) fistulae treated surgically. At 4 weeks, EndoAVF was not suitable for 2NC (defined as a palpable target vein [TV], 500 mL/min flow volume, and 5-mm diameter) underwent maturation procedures. RESULTS: Technical success of EndoAVF creation was 96.7% (60 of 62). At 4 weeks, 67% (40 of 60) fistulae underwent maturation procedures: 62% (37 of 60) had balloon dilation, 32% (19 of 60) had brachial vein embolization, and 30% (18 of 60) had cubital vein banding, increasing TV flow volume from 182 ± 123 mL/min to 572 ± 225 mL/min (P < 0.0005). Transposition was required in 33% of patients (20 of 60), reducing the mean TV depth from 10.9 to 3.7 mm (P < .0001). 2NC and fistula success (2NC × 3) was achieved in 87% (47 of 54); 10% of patients (6 of 60) were not on dialysis; 6.8% of patients (4 of 60) died; 5% of fistulas (3 of 60) were abandoned for arm swelling, steal syndrome, and thrombosis. Time to 2NC, fistula success, and tunneled catheter removal were 65.6 ± 45.7 days, 79.1 ± 50.9 days, and 113.4 ± 62 days, respectively. Patients achieving 2NC had brachial artery flow of 944 ± 284 mL/min; and TV flow, diameter, and depth of 674 ± 292 mL/min, 6.1 ± 0.8 mm, and 3.6 ± 1.3 mm, respectively. Major complications were arm swelling, steal syndrome, and thrombosis. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients had EndoAVF with maturation procedures at 4 weeks that achieved rapid maturation (Ellipsys Fistula for Hemodialysis Access; NCT03828253).


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Cateterismo , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vigilância de Produtos Comercializados , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Virginia , Adulto Jovem
8.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 568-577, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807670

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) are the second best option for haemodialysis access when native arteriovenous fistulae placement is not possible, because they have a lower patency owing to neointimal hyperplasia at the venous anastomosis. This review aimed to evaluate the effect of geometric graft modification to the graft-vein interface on AVG patency. DATA SOURCES: The MEDLINE and Embase (OvidSP) databases were systematically searched for relevant studies analysing the effect of geometrically modified AVGs on graft patency and stenosis formation (last search July 2019). REVIEW METHODS: Data regarding AVG type, patency, and graft outlet stenosis was extracted for further evaluation. Data were pooled in a random effects model to estimate the relative risk of graft occlusion within one year. Follow up, number of patients, and relevant patient characteristics were extracted for the quality assessment of the included studies using Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool. The quality of the evidence was determined according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE) system. RESULTS: Search strategies produced 2772 hits, of which eight articles met predetermined inclusion criteria. Overall, the included articles had low to moderate risk of bias. In total, 414 expanded polytetrafluoroethylene AVGs (232 geometrically modified and 182 standard) were analysed, comprising two modified AVG types: a prosthetic cuff design (Venaflo®) and grafts with a Tyrell vein patch. Overall, modified grafts did not show a statistically significantly higher one year primary (relative risk [RR] 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 95% 0.64-1.16; GRADE: "low to very low") or secondary patency (RR 0.57, 95% CI 0.32-1.02; GRADE: "low to very low") when compared with standard AVGs. Analysis of prosthetic cuffed grafts (112 patients) separately demonstrated a statistically significantly higher one year primary (RR 0.75, 95% CI 0.61-0.91) and one year secondary patency (RR 0.47, 95% CI 0.30-0.75) compared with standard grafts (92 patients). The results on stenosis formation were inconclusive and inadmissible to quantitative analyses. CONCLUSION: The meta-analysis showed that a prosthetic cuff design significantly improves AVG patency, while a venous cuff does not. Although the heterogeneity and low number of available studies limit the strength of the results, this review shows the potential of grafts with geometric modification to the graft-vein anastomosis and should stimulate further clinical and fundamental research on improving graft geometry to improve graft patency.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Diálise Renal , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Idoso , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1365-1372, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792280

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of Ellipsys with those of WavelinQ-4F percutaneous arteriovenous fistulae (pAVF) devices in a single center by a single operator. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted in 100 patients who underwent pAVFs procedures (65 Ellipsys and 35 WavelinQ patients) and created between December 2017 and December 2019. A total of 69% were male and 37% were diabetic. Median age was 64.1 years (range: 28-86), and median body mass index was 27.2 (range: 15-45.1) kg/m2. A procedure sequence algorithm was followed for selecting all vascular accesses created. RESULTS: Ellipsys outcomes were compared to WavelinQ outcomes. Technical success was 100% versus 97%, respectively, and median procedure times were 14 versus 63 minutes, respectively (P < .001), with 183 (1-487) versus 185 (0-760) days follow-up, respectively. Maturation at 4 weeks was 68.3% versus 54.3%, respectively, and median times to cannulation were 60 (1-164) versus 90 (1-180) days, respectively. Successful pAVF dialysis was established in 31 of 39 patients (79.5%) versus 14 of 24 patients (58%), respectively (P = .071), dialysis patients with access-related adverse events observed in 4 individuals (1 Ellipsys versus 3 WavelinQ). Six patients (5 versus 1) with matured outflow from previous AVFs underwent first-day cannulations. Interventions were performed in 27.7% (33 Ellipsys) and 26.5% (15 WavelinQ) patients, and the number of interventions per patient-years was 0.96 versus 0.46, respectively. pAVF failure was seen in 15.4% versus 37.1% patients, respectively (P = .0137). Secondary patency at 12 months was significantly higher among patients who had an Ellipsys procedure (82%) than among those who underwent the WavelinQ procedure (60%). CONCLUSIONS: pAVFs were created with high technical success and low complications with both devices. Ellipsys pAVFs demonstrated significantly shorter procedure times without a need for radiation exposure and with superior secondary patency.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Antebraço/irrigação sanguínea , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição à Radiação , Radiografia Intervencionista , Diálise Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
10.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 752-763, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741678

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Radical excision of retroperitoneal or intra-abdominal soft tissue sarcomas may necessitate vessel resection and reconstruction. The aim of this study was to assess surgical results of retroperitoneal or intra-abdominal sarcomas involving major blood vessels. METHODS: This was a retrospective single centre cohort study and a comprehensive review of literature. Patients with retroperitoneal or intra-abdominal sarcomas treated by the oncovascular team in Helsinki University Hospital from 2010 to 2018 were reviewed for vascular and oncological outcomes. A comprehensive literature review of vascular reconstructions in patients with retroperitoneal sarcoma was performed. RESULTS: Vascular reconstruction was performed in 17 patients, 11 of whom required arterial reconstructions. Sixteen of the operations were sarcoma resections; the post-operative diagnosis for one patient was thrombosis instead of the presumed recurrent leiomyosarcoma. Early graft thrombosis occurred in two venous and one arterial reconstruction. Late thrombosis was detected in three (18%). The median follow up was 27 (range 0-82) months. Of the patients with sarcoma resections 5 (31%) died of sarcoma and further 4 (25%) developed local recurrence or new distant metastases. The comprehensive review of literature identified 37 articles with 110 patients, 89 of whom had inferior vena cava reconstruction only. Eight arterial reconstructions were described. Late graft thrombosis occurred in 14%. The follow up was 0-181 months, during which 57% remained disease free and 7% died of sarcoma. CONCLUSION: Vascular reconstructions enable radical resection of retroperitoneal and intra-abdominal sarcomas in patients with advanced disease. The complex operations are associated with an acceptable rate of serious peri-operative complications and symptomatic thrombosis of the repaired vessel is rare. However, further studies are needed to assess the performance of the vascular reconstructions in the long term.


Assuntos
Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Sarcoma/cirurgia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Artérias/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Espaço Retroperitoneal/irrigação sanguínea , Espaço Retroperitoneal/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/sangue , Sarcoma/patologia , Trombose/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
11.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 403-409, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vein is regarded superior to artificial graft in peripheral arterial bypass surgery. However, this option is often limited owing to previous use or removal of the ipsilateral greater saphenous vein (iGSV). In this case, the contralateral great saphenous vein (cGSV), the small saphenous vein (SSV), or arm veins (AV) are possible alternatives. Experience with all three grafts for below knee vein bypass is reported. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated at an academic tertiary referral centre between January 1998 and July 2018 using the cGSV, SSV, or AV as the main peripheral bypass graft were analysed. Study end points were primary patency, secondary patency, limb salvage, and survival. RESULTS: Over the observed time period, 2642 bypass operations for treatment of peripheral artery disease with below knee target arteries were performed at the authors' institution: 1937 procedures using the iGSV; 644 bypass procedures using the cGSV (n = 186; 28.9%), SSV (n = 101; 15.7%), or AV (n = 357; 55.4%); and 61 procedures using a prosthetic graft. The median follow up period was 2.3 years (range 9 days-18.5 years). Thirty day mortality was 1.9% for the whole group and similar between the three groups. After five years, primary and secondary patency rates were comparable between the three groups. Secondary patency was 75% (95% confidence interval [CI] 66-83) in the cGSV and SSV groups, and 65% (95% CI 57-73) in the AV group (p = .47). Limb salvage and survival after five years were, respectively, 73% (95% CI 65-81) and 89% (95% CI 82-95) in the cGSV group, 79% (95% CI 69-89) and 87% (95% CI 79-95) in the SSV group, and 74% (95% CI 68-80) and 83% (77-89) in the AV group (p = .46). CONCLUSION: All three types of alternative autologous vein graft are equal regarding outcome parameters. Vascular surgeons should consider all autologous options if their preferred choice is not available.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(5): 663-670, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32855029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Iliac limb occlusion (ILO) is a complication of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and requires re-intervention in most cases. Attention to any intra-operative defect of iliac limbs and arteries may prevent ILO. The study aimed to analyse the long term effect of an intra-operative protocol of iliac limb treatment during EVAR on ILO. METHODS: Patients treated from 2012 to 2017 for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with standard EVAR were collected prospectively. Pre-operative computed tomography angiography anatomical characteristics were evaluated. The protocol for intra-operative iliac limb management was: a. pre-EVAR angioplasty of common/external iliac artery stenosis; b. precise contralateral iliac limb deployment at the same level of the flow divider; c. iliac limb kissing ballooning with high pressure non-compliant balloons; d. iliac limb stenting for residual tortuosity/kink and adjunctive external iliac stenting for residual stenosis/dissection after EVAR. ILO was evaluated at 30 days and at follow up, which was performed by duplex ultrasonography before discharge, at three, six, and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Kaplan-Meier and Cox linear regression were used. RESULTS: Four hundred and forty-two patients and 884 iliac limbs were included in the study. Severe iliac tortuosity and calcification were present in 15% (132/884) and 8% (70/884), respectively. External iliac angioplasty and stenting of iliac limb were performed in 2% (18/884) and 9.5% (84/884) of limbs. The thirty day mortality was 1.6%, with no ILO. At a mean follow up of 33 ± 12 months, ILO occurred in 7/884 (0.8%) limbs of six patients. Five ILO were treated by endovascular relining, two surgically: one by femorofemoral bypass and one by surgical explant. On univariable analysis, sac shrinkage was significantly associated with ILO (HR 1, 95% CI 0.8-2.5, p = .043). CONCLUSION: A protocol of aggressive iliac limb treatment in EVAR leads to a very low rate of late ILO. The role of sac shrinkage in ILO should be investigated further.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/prevenção & controle , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/normas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/mortalidade , Protocolos Clínicos , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/epidemiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/patologia , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
14.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(6): 316-321, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The method of coronary-coronary bypass grafting was described in 1987 but has not been widely used, and there are only a few studies that report good short-term and mid-term results as well as some individual cases of long-term follow-up. In our medical institution, we carried out an analysis of the long-term results of coronary-coronary bypass grafting, which are presented in this study. METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study on 95 patients who underwent coronary-coronary bypass grafting as a supplement to the standard coronary bypass grafting procedure. All patients underwent angiographic assessment of the coronary bypass grafts during the long-term follow-up period. The observation period was up to 123 months. Angiographic assessment of 109 coronary-coronary grafts was carried out. RESULTS: Twelve (7.6%) arterial and 11 (19.3%) venous conduits were found to be occluded, and 8 (10.3%) arterial and 10 (31.3%) venous coronary-coronary grafts were occluded during the observation period. CONCLUSION: Arterial coronary-coronary artery bypass grafting represents an alternative technique that allows complete myocardial revascularization.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária , Artéria Torácica Interna/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Angiografia Coronária , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Artéria Torácica Interna/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Torácica Interna/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Safena/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2853-2856, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outflow graft (OG) obstruction is a dangerous complication that may occur for various reasons after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. CASE SUMMARY: We describe the case of a 51-year-old patient on LVAD support who developed significant OG kinking and external OG obstruction due to a fibrin mass causing severe stenosis. Both the OG kinking and external obstruction were eliminated via a left lateral thoracotomy.


Assuntos
Fibrina , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar/efeitos adversos , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Toracotomia/métodos , Trombose/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(11): 2105-2106, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32686029

RESUMO

A patient with Takayasu arteritis who underwent CABG using a saphenous vein graft (SVG) experienced ventricular fibrillation due to total SVG occlusion. A drug-eluting stent was implanted; however, follow-up CAG demonstrated an advanced expansion of peri-stent contrast staining. Coronary computed tomography angiography revealed contrast media extending around the SVG. An intravascular ultrasound indicated a worsening stent malapposition and a significant positive remodeling.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Aneurisma Coronário/cirurgia , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Stents Farmacológicos , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Imagem Multimodal , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Veia Safena/transplante , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Aneurisma Coronário/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Coronário/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Veia Safena/diagnóstico por imagem , Arterite de Takayasu/complicações , Arterite de Takayasu/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Remodelação Vascular
18.
J Med Vasc ; 45(4): 214-220, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comprehensive literature review on outcomes achieved with the historical Dardik graft, illustrated with a case report of a patient with 13-years primary patency and limb salvage. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through MedLine (PubMed.gov, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health) from 1976 to 2018 using search terms (Umbilical Vein Graft), (Dardik graft), (Glutaraldehyde stabilized human umbilical vein [HUV]) and (HUV) to collected data on clinical use of HUV. Only papers in English and reporting adequate information about indication for surgery, short- and long-term patency and complication rate were included. RESULTS: Data about a total of 899 patients (977 limbs) were available. Overall, 45% of patients (438 limbs) underwent HUV implantation for critical limb ischemia (rest pain or tissue loss) or for disabling claudication in 12.2% of cases (120 limbs). Others indication for surgery were acute onset limb ischemia, popliteal aneurysms or aneurysmal degeneration of a previously implanted synthetic graft. At a mean follow-up of 4.3 years (range 3-6 years), primary patency and secondary patency were 61.3% and 61%, respectively. Aneurisms formation was detected in 3% of cases (21 limbs), graft's infection in 24.4% of cases (31 limbs) and graft's thrombosis in 25.5% of cases (193 limbs). CONCLUSION: This article provide a historical review of the use, outcomes and complications of HUV. Even though it is no longer commercially available, the knowledge of this type of substitute still remains inspirational for the development of innovative vascular conduits and fundamental for the new generations of physician both in diagnostics and in the management of complications.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veias Umbilicais/transplante , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 34-42, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Routine arteriovenous (AV) access creation in octogenarians is controversial. Our goal was to assess perioperative and long-term outcomes in octogenarians after undergoing upper extremity AV access to determine whether advanced age should influence AV access decision-making. METHODS: All AV access creations performed at a single institution from 2014-2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were categorized as octogenarians and nonoctogenarians. Perioperative short-term outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Among 620 patients who underwent AV access creation, there were 40 octogenarians and 580 nonoctogenarians. Octogenarians were more likely to have private insurance, coronary artery disease, dementia, previous stroke, impaired ambulation, and less likely to be current smokers. There were no differences in outpatient status or tunneled dialysis catheter presence at creation. Access types were similar radiocephalic (12.5% vs. 14.3%), brachiocephalic (50% vs. 42.6%), brachiobasilic (12.5% vs. 26.2%), and grafts (25% vs. 13.8%). Univariable analysis demonstrated no differences in perioperative return to the operating room, hematoma, and patency loss. There were no differences in 90-day mortality (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0-2.5, P = 0.25), readmission (OR 1.36, 95% CI 0.67-2.76, P = 0.39), maturation (OR 0.97, 95% CI 0.46-2.01, P = 0.93), or reintervention (HR 0.9, 95% CI 0.64-1.25, P = 0.53). Octogenarians had lower two-year survival (82.5% vs. 91.9%, P < 0.001), but there was no difference in reintervention-free survival (55% vs. 47%, P = 0.47) or occlusion-free survival (25% vs. 24%, P = 0.62). CONCLUSIONS: Octogenarians and nonoctogenarians have similar outcomes after upper extremity dialysis access creation. Advanced age alone should not influence dialysis access creation.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Diálise Renal , Extremidade Superior/irrigação sanguínea , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
Semin Vasc Surg ; 32(3-4): 94-105, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553125

RESUMO

The emergence of limb occlusion after endovascular aneurysm repair may be related to the conformational changes between the endograft structure and the patient's anatomy. This study analyzed detailed geometric changes of Anaconda endograft (Terumo Aortic, Inchinnan, Scotland, UK) limbs during the cardiac cycle-based computed tomography on serial imaging after graft implantation. Fifteen patients (mean age 72.8 ± 3.7 years; 14 men) underwent postoperative electrocardiogram-gated computed tomography scans according to a prospective study design between April 2014 and May 2017. Changes in curvature, length of the limbs, and distances between successive stent rings (inter-ring distance) of the endograft limbs during a 2-year follow-up period were quantified using meticulous image processing methods involving image registration, centerline extraction, and model-based stent-ring segmentation. From discharge to 24 months, mean curvature increased significantly by 9.6 m-1 (standard deviation [SD], 11.1 m-1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.4 to 15.8 m-1; P = .002) for the right limbs and by 6.1 m-1 (SD 9.4 m-1; 95% CI, 0.8 to 11.5 m-1; P = .21) for the left limbs. The length of the right limbs decreased significantly, by 9.5 mm (SD 7.6 mm; 95% CI, 3.5 to 15.6 mm; P = .002); the length of the left limbs decreased by 10.1 mm (SD 5.1 mm; 95% CI, 5.9 to 14.2 mm; P < .001). The minimal inter-ring distance decreased by 0.36 mm (SD 0.26 mm; 95% CI, 0.17 to 0.55 mm; P < .001) for the right limbs and 0.35 mm (SD 0.19 mm; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.49 mm; P < .001) for the left limbs. Cardiac pulsatility-induced changes in curvature, limb length, and inter-ring distance were negligible (2%, 0.3% and 0.3%, respectively). Changes in the geometry of the Anaconda endograft limbs after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair were observed during a 2-year follow-up manifest as an increase in curvature, shortening of the stent-graft limbs, and a corresponding decrease in inter-ring distance. These stent-graft conformational changes could result in inward folding of the graft fabric, which may relate to the emergence of limb occlusion. Further investigation of these metrics in a larger cohort involving patients with and without occlusions may allow determination of their predictive value.


Assuntos
Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Stents , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...