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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 54(11): 1197-1201, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33147916

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the worker-occupation fit and occupational stress in nurses. Methods: Convenience sampling method was used to collect 1 463 nurses from one general hospital and three specialized hospitals from July to October 2019. Depression-anxiety-stress scale (DASS-21) was used to assess the level of occupational stress. Pearson correlation and multivariate logistic regression model were used to analyze the relationship between the worker-occupation fit and occupational stress. Results: The average age of 1 463 nurses was (31.8±7.2) years, and 92.3% (n=1 350) of nurses were female. 47.2% (n=690) of nurses had occupational stress and the mean score of worker-occupation fit was (34.4±6.1). The worker-occupation fit and occupational stress had a significant negative correlation (r=-0.472, P<0.001). The moderate and high level of the worker-occupation fit, characteristic fit, need supply fit, and demand ability fit had protective effects on occupational stress based on the outcome of multivariate logistic regression model [OR (95%CI) were 0.40 (0.28-0.59), 0.16 (0.10-0.24); 0.32 (0.22-0.47), 0.18 (0.11-0.20); 0.33 (0.21-0.52), 0.18 (0.11-0.30); 0.59 (0.37-0.9), 0.54 (0.38-0.78), respectively]. Conclusion: The worker-occupation fit and different types of fit, including characteristic fit, need supply fit, and demand ability fit, could be associated with the occupational stress.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Ocupações , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
2.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 32(10): 1265-1268, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application value of primary trauma treatment (PTC) teaching mode in special professional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guide training. METHODS: Cluster sampling method was adopted, and the residents' committee selected special occupation population from every town/sub-district office in the southern mountainous area of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region for CPR training. A monthly session was held from January to December 2019, with personnel trained by traditional operation teaching and individual practice method from January to June 2019 as the control group and personnel trained by PTC teaching mode from July to December 2019 as the observation group. The two groups of trainers, training objectives and assessment standards were consistent. Questionnaire survey was conducted at the beginning and end of each training period, including the degree of mastery of first-aid knowledge and skills and the level of self-efficacy, etc., to evaluate the training effect. RESULTS: There were 503 trainees in each group, and there was no significant difference in gender, age, education and occupation distribution between the two groups. There was no significant difference in the first aid principles, CPR skill level and self-efficacy between the two groups before the training. The first aid principle, CPR skills level and self-efficacy of the two groups after training were all improved, and the principle of first aid and CPR skills level in the observation group was obviously higher than that in the control group (first aid related concepts: 4.39±0.76 vs. 3.87±0.89, gold life-saving time: 5.71±0.49 vs. 4.53±0.62, the meaning of the first witnesses: 5.33±0.82 vs. 4.18±0.78, cardiac, respiratory cardiac arrest in the judgment: 5.12±0.73 vs. 4.07±0.73, CPR skills: 5.29±0.64 vs. 4.15±0.71, all P < 0.05). The self-efficacy score of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group (emergency attitude: 18.17±1.24 vs. 17.35±1.25, self-efficacy: 13.56±1.54 vs. 11.35±1.26, behavioral intention: 9.56±0.84 vs. 8.92±0.95, all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The application of PTC teaching mode in the training of CPR guidelines for special professions has significant effects, which can effectively help special professions to master CPR knowledge and skills, and has promotion value.


Assuntos
Reanimação Cardiopulmonar , Parada Cardíaca , Cidades , Primeiros Socorros , Humanos , Ocupações
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33158180

RESUMO

This study evaluates the psychological impact (PI) of the COVID-19 pandemic in frontline workers in Spain. Participants were 546 workers (296 healthcare workers, 105 media professionals, 89 grocery workers, and 83 protective service workers). They all completed online questionnaires assessing PI, sadness, concerns related to the COVID-19 pandemic, and demographic and work-related variables. All groups but protective services workers showed higher PI levels than the general population. Healthcare and grocery workers were the most affected, with 73.6% and 65.2% of the participants, respectively, showing a severe PI. Women showed a higher PI level. Healthcare workers in the regions with higher COVID-19 incidences reported greater PI levels. The main concerns were being infected by COVID-19 or infecting others. Levels of concern correlated with higher PI levels. The protection equipment was generally reported as insufficient, which correlated with higher PI levels. Professionals reporting to overwork during the crisis (60% mass-media, 38% of healthcare and grocery and 21.7% of protective service) showed higher PI levels. In the healthcare group, taking care of patients with COVID-19 (77%) or of dying patients with COVID-19 (43.9%) was associated with higher PI levels. The perceived social recognition of their work was inversely related to PI. Most of the sample had not received psychological support. We suggest some organizational measures for frontline institutions, such as the periodical monitoring or inclusion of psychologists specialized in crisis-management to prevent negative symptoms and provide timely support.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emprego/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Ocupações , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Espanha/epidemiologia
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 4917-4920, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019091

RESUMO

Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are a major concern in industries and working environments. They cause not only suffering to the employee and decrease in performance, but also high economic losses to the companies and the society. Workers from assembly lines and machine operators are one of the most frequently affected working population. Moreover, one of the main types of MSDs in occupational environments are shoulder injuries. Exoskeletons have been applied and tested in rehabilitation and they are gaining ground in occupational environments as assistive devices to augment human force and minimize loads on muscles and joints. However, more evidence about the effects of several exoskeletons models in assisting different tasks is needed. We measured shoulder muscles activity (AD - anterior deltoid and MD - medial deltoid) of seven automotive workers using the SuitX® upper limb exoskeleton while performing different screwing tasks, at different shoulder levels while handling different tools. We found significant muscle activity reduction for 2 of the 4 proposed tasks, suggesting a task-specificity effectiveness. Therefore, it seems to be a viable option to reduce muscle effort in certain tasks.


Assuntos
Exoesqueleto Energizado , Ombro , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético , Ocupações
6.
Work ; 67(2): 281-283, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044209

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected the entire world. It is difficult to follow protocols and regulations set forth by governments, designed by the World Health Organization. The most common protocol set forth by governments is quarantining at home. Many occupations must stay home to comply with this protocol. Among these occupations, office workers are the most common group to comply and work from home. This has led to a lack of daily movement and increased sedentary lifestyle, which has made employees prone to developing coronary heart disease (CHD). Additionally, obesity is a known risk factor for this group. This commentary presents feasible protocols aimed at helping home-based office workers stay healthy and decrease the risk of developing CHD.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Quarentena/psicologia , Comportamento Sedentário , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle
7.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 11(4): 179-187, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098402

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Besides the traditional cardiovascular risk factor, some novel risk factors like occupation and career can play an important role in cardiovascular disease (CVDs) incidence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between occupational categories and their positions with cardiovascular events (CVEs) in an Iranian male population. METHODS: We followed 2134 men aged 35-65 years for 14 years during the Isfahan Cohort Study (2001-2015) for CVEs including ischemic heart disease and stroke. Firstly, Occupations were classified into 10 categories of International Standard Classification of Occupation (ISCO). Each category was then classified into one of the 4 pre-specified categories, namely high/low skilled white collars and high/low skilled blue collars. White-collar workers referred to managerial and professional workers in contrast with blue collar workers, whose job requires manual labor. RESULTS: The mean age of studied participants was 46.9 (SD 8.3) years. 286 CVE incidents were recorded; unstable angina had the highest rate (46%); fatal stroke, the lowest (3%). There were no significant difference was observed between white and blue collars in terms of CVE incidence, as well as their high and low skilled subgroups. Hazard ratio analysis indicated a significantly higher risk of CVEs only for low-skilled white-collar workers (crude HR 1.47, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.13); this was not significant after adjustment for confounding variables. CONCLUSION: There is no association between occupational categories and incidence of cardiovascular events among Iranian male population.


Assuntos
Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Ocupações/classificação , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Incidência , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
8.
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 38(2): 144-151, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32883926

RESUMO

Context: Coronavirus disease 2019 (CoViD 19) pandemic has induced the government to initiate strict control measures. Improvements to these measures and shortcomings could be gleaned with the understanding of the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) of the public. Aims: The aim of this study the CoViD 19 KAP of a south Indian state population. Settings and Design: This was a Cross-sectional observational study. Subjects and Methods: We conducted an online survey to elicit this information. Statistical Analysis Used: Mean, Standard deviation, Binomial and Multinomial logistic regression. Results: Of the 1837 subjects who answered the survey, 70% were youth (16-29 years), 54% were postgraduates and 47.8% were desk jobholders. The mean knowledge score was 9.92 ± 2.37/14 and 94.44% secured at least above-average score. The subjects had a positive (70%) attitude towards the CoViD 19 situation and 77% of subjects followed good preventive practices. However, we found that women, people with low education and nonmedical background were associated with poor knowledge and practices. The attitude was poor in subjects occupant in physical works. Conclusions: The health policy would better serve the purpose of the groups with poor scores are targeted.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ocupações , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(Suppl 1): 53-57, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Seafarers are usually exposed to many stressors that are related to different duties on board. Several notable researchers have argued that stress is a transactional phenomenon between the individual and the environment that is largely dependent on the meaning given to the stimulus by the perceiver. One of the many causes of stress are poor communication skills. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to xplain why respondents drop out of research. The project was originally supposed to take place over a period of two years and involve a minimum of 30 respondents per group (30 skippers and 30 seafarers) who would take part in the research for at least four weeks while on board, or during the skipper season. Activity was to be measured with the Polar A370 fitness tracker, worn as a wrist-watch or bracelet and used for 24-hour heart rate, bodily activity and sleep pattern tracking for every respondent. The other device used is TANITA MC780MA, which is a segmental body composition analyser. RESULTS: We contacted overall 146 seafarers, of whom: 40 (27.4%) skippers, 43 (29.5%) deck officers and 63 (43.1%) engine officers. Participation was refused by 18 (12.3% of all contacted) individuals and 108 (74.0%) respondents dropped out during the research. Due to group dispersal and a low number of respondents who reached the end of the research, the project will have to be prolonged. CONCLUSION: We believe that the reasons behind respondent dispersal can be found in their inability to recognize the state they are in and in poor communication skills, while at the same time being exposed to extreme and possibly precarious work conditions. This forms a closed loop that only continues to generate even higher stress levels. Further research is needed to look into this phenomenon.


Assuntos
Ocupações , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento , Estresse Psicológico , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Sujeitos da Pesquisa , Navios
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(36): 1244-1249, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32914769

RESUMO

Certain underlying medical conditions are associated with higher risks for severe morbidity and mortality from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (1). Prevalence of these underlying conditions among workers differs by industry and occupation. Many essential workers, who hold jobs critical to the continued function of infrastructure operations (2), have high potential for exposure to SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, because their jobs require close contact with patients, the general public, or coworkers. To assess the baseline prevalence of underlying conditions among workers in six essential occupations and seven essential industries, CDC analyzed data from the 2017 and 2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) surveys, the most recent data available.* This report presents unadjusted prevalences and adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) for selected underlying conditions. Among workers in the home health aide occupation and the nursing home/rehabilitation industry, aPRs were significantly elevated for the largest number of conditions. Extra efforts to minimize exposure risk and prevent and treat underlying conditions are warranted to protect workers whose jobs increase their risk for exposure to SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Sistema de Vigilância de Fator de Risco Comportamental , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32973120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) has emerged as an important risk factor for higher short-term mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and related anomalies; yet little is known about how SES affects these outcomes over the long-term. METHODS: We linked data from the Single Ventricle Reconstruction trial to US Census Bureau data to analyze the relationship of neighborhood SES tertiles with mortality and transplantation, neurodevelopment, quality of life, and functional status at 5 and 6 years post-Norwood procedure (N = 525). Cox proportional hazards regression and linear regression were used to assess the association of SES with mortality and neurodevelopmental outcomes, respectively. RESULTS: Patients in the lowest SES tertile were more likely to be racial minorities, older at stage 2 and Fontan procedures, and to have more complications and fewer cardiac catheterizations over follow-up (all P < .05) compared with patients in higher SES tertiles. Unadjusted mortality was highest for patients in the lowest SES tertile and lowest in the highest tertile (41% vs 29%, respectively; log-rank P = .027). Adjustment for patient birth and Norwood factors attenuated these differences slightly (P = .055). Patients in the lowest SES tertile reported lower functional status and lower fine motor, problem-solving, adaptive behavior, and communication skills at 6 years (all P < .05). These differences persisted after adjustment for baseline and post-Norwood factors. Quality of life did not differ by SES. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, those with low SES have worse neurodevelopmental and functional status outcomes at 6 years. These differences were not explained by other patient or clinical characteristics.


Assuntos
Técnica de Fontan/métodos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/cirurgia , Classe Social , Cateterismo Cardíaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Deficiências do Desenvolvimento/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Técnica de Fontan/mortalidade , Técnica de Fontan/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Coração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/complicações , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/etnologia , Síndrome do Coração Esquerdo Hipoplásico/mortalidade , Renda , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Ocupações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Qualidade de Vida , Características de Residência , Resultado do Tratamento , Coração Univentricular/mortalidade , Coração Univentricular/cirurgia
12.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(37): 22780-22786, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868412

RESUMO

Does being disagreeable-that is, behaving in aggressive, selfish, and manipulative ways-help people attain power? This question has long captivated philosophers, scholars, and laypeople alike, and yet prior empirical findings have been inconclusive. In the current research, we conducted two preregistered prospective longitudinal studies in which we measured participants' disagreeableness prior to entering the labor market and then assessed the power they attained in the context of their work organization ∼14 y later when their professional careers had unfolded. Both studies found disagreeable individuals did not attain higher power as opposed to extraverted individuals who did gain higher power in their organizations. Furthermore, the null relationship between disagreeableness and power was not moderated by individual differences, such as gender or ethnicity, or by contextual variables, such as organizational culture. What can account for this null relationship? A close examination of behavior patterns in the workplace found that disagreeable individuals engaged in two distinct patterns of behavior that offset each other's effects on power attainment: They engaged in more dominant-aggressive behavior, which positively predicted attaining higher power, but also engaged in less communal and generous behavior, which predicted attaining less power. These two effects, when combined, appeared to cancel each other out and led to a null correlation between disagreeableness and power.


Assuntos
Personalidade/fisiologia , Poder Psicológico , Adulto , Dissidências e Disputas , Feminino , Humanos , Individualidade , Relações Interpessoais , Liderança , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Ocupações , Estudos Prospectivos , Personalidade Tipo A
13.
J Pregnancy ; 2020: 8395142, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32953178

RESUMO

Background: Episiotomy is the most common obstetric procedure, performed when the clinical circumstances place the patient at a high risk of high-degree laceration. However, episiotomy should be done with judicious indication to lower perineal laceration with fewer complications. Despite its adverse effects, the magnitude of episiotomy is increasing due to different factors. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the recent magnitude of episiotomy and at identifying associated factors among women who gave delivery in Arba Minch General Hospital, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: An institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from December 15, 2018, to January 30, 2019. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select study participants. A semistructured questionnaire was used to collect data. This was supplemented with a review of the labor and delivery records. Binary and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the magnitude of episiotomy. P value ≤ 0.05 was used to determine the level of statistically significant variables. Results: The magnitude of episiotomy was found to be 272 (68.0%) with 95%CI = 64.0-72.5. Women who attended secondary education [AOR = 10.24, 95%CI = 2.81-37.34], women who attended college and above [AOR = 4.61, 95%CI = 1.27-16.71], birth weight ≥ 3000 g [AOR = 4.84, 95%CI = 2.66-8.82], primipara [AOR = 4.13, 95%CI = 2.40-7.12], being housewife occupants [AOR = 3.43, 95%CI = 1.20-9.98], married women [AOR = 2.86, 95%CI = 1.40-5.84], and body mass index < 25 kg/m2 [AOR = 2.85, 95%CI = 1.50-5.44] were independent variables found to have significant association with episiotomy. Conclusion: The magnitude of episiotomy was 68.0% which is higher than the recommended practice by WHO (10%). The study participants' occupational status, marital status, educational status, parity, birth weight, and BMI were significantly associated with the magnitude of episiotomy in the study area. Therefore, to reduce the rate of episiotomy, it is better to have periodic training for birth attendants regarding the indication of episiotomy.


Assuntos
Episiotomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Gerais/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho de Parto , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Mães/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Peso ao Nascer , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Ocupações , Paridade , Gravidez , Risco , Cônjuges , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238236, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32870939

RESUMO

Gender-wage gaps are an important phenomenon on labor markets. They can possibly be caused by the institutional framework. This question is addressed in this paper. When only joint output can be observed in team production, individuals may submit self-reports of their contribution to a principal. In a multi-employee gift exchange experiment, we study how men and women behave differently with and without such self-reports. We cannot reject that self-reports left the overall efficiency of the gift exchange interaction unchanged, but detect notable gender differences. Women reported similar effort levels as men, but contributed significantly less. The difference in contributions led to a significant gender gap in wages, depending on gender group composition. These effects were only present when participants did not know each other's gender, however. When instead gender was observable, the behavior of men and women converged. The results suggest that parts of wage gaps may be related to different behavior within incomplete contract and imperfect information environments, depending on details of the informational context.


Assuntos
Salários e Benefícios , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ocupações , Autorrelato , Fatores Sexuais
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781702

RESUMO

This study aimed to create new classifications for occupations that have emerged from the COVID-19 pandemic in Korea, based on Reich's classifications for the United States. We examined Korean workers' occupational calling, psychological health, and quality of life. An online questionnaire was administered and data from 1029 Korean workers were analyzed. The questionnaire comprised the Korean version of the Multidimensional Calling Measure to assess occupational calling, the Psychosocial Well-being Index-short form for psychological health, and the Control, Autonomy, Self-realization, and Pleasure (CASP-19) scale for quality of life. We created a Korean-adapted version of the classes of occupation based on those created by the COVID-19 situation in the USA. Our results showed that Korean workers had a high perceived calling to work, and different classes showed different levels of quality of life and psychological health. We need a health concentration management system for essential groups or personal safety protection equipment should be provided. Education on infection control should be offered and effective medical system processes should be in place. We need to develop technology to respond to medical needs online, remotely, or telephonically. The government should implement policies to ensure job security and to improve wages and welfare.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Masculino , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784824

RESUMO

This research investigates the role of emotional exhaustion and supervisor incivility in explaining the relationship between work-related identity discrepancy and counterproductive work behavior. Based on resource conservation theory, our study hypothesizes a moderated mediation model that work-related identity discrepancy impacts counterproductive work behavior through emotional exhaustion, and supervisor incivility is deemed as the boundary condition in the indirect effect. Drawing on a sample of 863 employees, we found support for the moderated mediation model in which the positive relationship between work-related identity discrepancy and counterproductive work behavior was mediated by emotional exhaustion, such that the mediating relationship was strengthened for new leaders with a low level of supervisor incivility and weakened for those with high level of supervisor incivility. We further discuss the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.


Assuntos
Incivilidade , Local de Trabalho , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Ocupações , Autoimagem
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746568

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between sleep quality and occupational stress in field gas recovery workers. Methods: In October 2018, cluster sampling method was adopted to conduct cross-sectional survey on 1726 field workers in a gas production oilfield. The individual characteristics, occupational stress factors, stress regulation factors, stress response and sleep quality, social support and coping strategies were evaluated by occupational stress measurement tools and job content questionnaire. Mann Whitney U test and Kruskal Wallis H test were used to compare sleep quality scores between the groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between sleep quality and occupational stress, and logistic regression analysis was used to analyze multiple factors. Results: There were significant differences in sleep quality scores among different positions, gender, marital status, age, length of service, smoking and drinking (P<0.05) . There were no significant differences in sleep quality scores between different education levels and work shift groups (P>0.05) . Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that sleep quality score was negatively correlated with job satisfaction, reward, job stability, promotion opportunity, positive emotion, respect, self-esteem, control strategy, support strategy and self-efficacy score (r(s)=-0.361, -0.311, -0.238, -0.261, -0.248, -0.212, -0.139, -0.188, -0.152, -0.226, P<0.01) , and was positively correlated with social support, giving, daily tension, negative emotion, work monotony and depression symptom (r(s)=0.312, 0.279, 0.547, 0.493, 0.429, 0.599, P<0.01) . Compared with the high sleep quality score group, the middle and low sleep quality score groups had lower giving, work monotony, daily tension, depressive symptoms, negative emotions and social support (P<0.01) , while the scores of respect, reward, job satisfaction, positive emotion, self-efficacy, job stability, promotion opportunity, control strategy and support strategy were higher (P<0.01) . Multiple depressive symptoms, high daily tension, high negative emotion and high work monotony were the risk factors for sleep disorders (OR=3.417, 2.659, 2.913, 1.543) . Conclusion: Depressive symptoms, daily tension and negative emotion have great influence on sleep quality of field gas recovery workers.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Sono , Estresse Psicológico , Estudos Transversais , Depressão , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Ocupações , Campos de Petróleo e Gás , Indústria de Petróleo e Gás , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Av. enferm ; 38(2): 159-169, May-Aug. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114686

RESUMO

Resumo Objetivo: compreender as percepções dos motoristas de ônibus quanto às vivências no trabalho e aos impactos em seu corpo. Métodos: estudo descritivo pautado no pensamento do fenomenólogo Maurice Merleau-Ponty, realizado em uma garagem de ônibus, de julho 2017 a janeiro de 2018. Foram entrevistados 24 motoristas de ônibus, com mais de dois anos de profissão. As perguntas abertas do roteiro de entrevista fenomenológica possibilitaram a livre expressão dos significados do trabalho sobre a saúde. Resultados: as relações interpessoais no trânsito impactam diretamente o estado físico e psicológico, e a relação com o tempo influencia o comportamento dos condutores. Conclusão: melhorias no trabalho e nas relações interpessoais são necessárias a fim de garantir a preservação da saúde do motorista de ônibus, que é parte essencial no processo de deslocamento da população, e atenção à saúde mental dos motoristas é pouco valorizada, mas indispensável para o trabalho com pessoas.


Resumen Objetivo: entender las percepciones de los conductores de autobuses en cuanto a las experiencias en el trabajo y los impactos en sus cuerpos. Métodos: estudio descriptivo basado en el pensamiento de fenomenólogo Maurice Merleau-Ponty, realizado en un garaje de autobuses de julio de 2017 a enero de 2018. Se entrevistaron 24 conductores de autobuses, con más de dos años en la ocupación. Las preguntas abiertas del guion de la entrevista fenomenológica permitieron la libre expresión del significado del trabajo sobre la salud. Resultados: las relaciones interpersonales en el tránsito afectan directamente el estado físico y psicológico, y la relación con el tiempo influye en el comportamiento de los conductores. Conclusión: mejoras en el trabajo y en las relaciones interpersonales son necesarias para garantizar la preservación de la salud del conductor de autobús, que es una parte esencial en el proceso de desplazamiento de la población, y la atención a la salud mental de los conductores es poco valorada, pero indispensable para el trabajo con personas.


Abstract Objective: To understand the perceptions of bus drivers as to the experiences at work and the impacts on their bodies. Methods: Descriptive study based on the phenomenological approach by scholar Maurice Merleau-Ponty, held at a bus garage in the period from July 2017 to January 2018. Twenty-four bus drivers with more than two years of occupation were interviewed. Open-ended questions in the interview script allowed free expression of the phenomenological meanings of work on health. Results: Interpersonal relations directly affect bus drivers' physical and psychological state. Besides, the relationship with time in traffic influences their behavior. Conclusion: Improvements in work and interpersonal relations are necessary in order to ensure the preservation of bus drivers' health, as an essential part for the displacement of the population. Attention to drivers' mental health is little valued, although it becomes essential for a people-related type of work, such as this.


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trabalho , Impactos na Saúde , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Existencialismo , Enfermagem do Trabalho , Percepção , Comportamento , Ocupações
20.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 20 ago 2020. ilus, graf, tab, mapas.(Boletim Epidemiológico Covid-19, 20).
Monografia em Português | Coleciona SUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1117607

RESUMO

A Secretaria de Estado da Saúde de Goiás através da Superintendência de Vigilância em Saúde e Gerência de Vigilância Epidemiológica, apresentam neste boletim a distribuição de casos confirmados, óbitos e taxa de crescimento de COVID-19 no mundo, no Brasil, no período compreendido entre dezembro de 2019 a 15 de agosto de 2020. Quanto ao Estado de Goiás apresenta a distribuição dos casos notificados de COVID-19 segundo classificação e critério de confirmação, no período de 04 de fevereiro a 15 de agosto de 2020, a distribuição dos casos confirmados por data de início de sintomas, do acumulado de casos confirmados, dos casos confirmados e média móvel segundo a data de início de sintomas, do acumulado de óbitos, dos óbitos confirmados e média móvel segundo a data de ocorrência do óbito, da distribuição proporcional dos casos confirmados por municípios integrantes da Região metropolitana, do interior e capital, dos casos confirmados e taxa de incidência por município de residência, de casos confirmados por Semana Epidemiológica nas Macrorregiões, distribuição de casos confirmados de COVID-19 por Semana Epidemiológica segundo a região de saúde, número de casos confirmados segundo gênero, faixa etária e taxa de incidência, percentual de casos confirmados segundo raça/cor, casos confirmados segundo evolução, percentual de casos confirmados segundo ocupação, distribuição por município de residência dos óbitos confirmados segundo taxa de letalidade, percentual dos óbitos confirmados por sexo, óbitos confirmados e letalidade segundo faixa etária, casos confirmados que necessitaram de hospitalização segundo a evolução, perfil de gestantes com COVID-19, distribuição dos casos confirmados em gestantes segundo a necessidade de hospitalização, dos casos confirmados em gestantes segundo o local de internação, dos casos confirmados em gestantes segundo evolução, casos confirmados que necessitaram de hospitalização segundo o tempo médio de internação, percentual de casos confirmados por critério laboratorial segundo o método diagnóstico e positividade dos testes RT-PCR liberados pelo LACEN-GO segundo identificação de SARS-CoV-2


The Goiás State Department of Health, through the Health Surveillance Superintendence and Epidemiological Surveillance Management, presents in this bulletin the distribution of confirmed cases, deaths and growth rate of COVID-19 in the world, in Brazil, in the period between December from 2019 to August 15, 2020. As for the State of Goiás, it presents the distribution of notified cases of COVID-19 according to classification and confirmation criteria, in the period from February 4 to August 15, 2020, the distribution of cases confirmed by date of onset of symptoms, cumulative number of confirmed cases, confirmed cases and moving average according to date of symptom onset, accumulated number of deaths, confirmed deaths and moving average according to date of occurrence of death, proportional distribution of cases confirmed by municipalities in the metropolitan region, inland and capital, of confirmed cases and incidence rate by municipality of residence, of case s confirmed by Epidemiological Week in Macroregions, distribution of confirmed cases of COVID-19 by Epidemiological Week according to health region, number of confirmed cases according to gender, age group and incidence rate, percentage of confirmed cases according to race / color, confirmed cases according to evolution, percentage of confirmed cases according to occupation, distribution by municipality of residence of deaths confirmed according to lethality rate, percentage of deaths confirmed by sex, confirmed deaths and lethality according to age group, confirmed cases that required hospitalization according to the evolution, profile of pregnant women with COVID-19, distribution of confirmed cases in pregnant women according to the need for hospitalization, of confirmed cases in pregnant women according to the place of hospitalization, of the confirmed cases in pregnant women according to the evolution, confirmed cases that required hospitalization according to the average length of hospitalization, percentage of confirmed cases by laboratory criteria according to the diagnostic method and positivity of RT-PCR tests released by LACEN-GO according to the identification of SARS-CoV-2


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Gravidez , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Sinais e Sintomas , Vigilância Sanitária , Brasil/epidemiologia , Incidência , Mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Betacoronavirus , Grupos Etários , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral , Prevalência , Notificação de Doenças , Gestantes , Grupos de Populações Continentais , Diagnóstico , Economia , Distribuição de Produtos , Hospitalização , Laboratórios , Métodos , Ocupações
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