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2.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 69, 2021 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33588832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) has impacted populations in many ways worldwide, including access to oral health services. This study aims to assess the association between lockdown due to COVID-19 and online searches for toothache in Iran using Google Trends (GT). METHODS: We investigated GT online searches for toothache within the past five years. The time frame for data gathering was considered as the initiation and end dates of the national lockdown in Iran. We performed one-way ANOVA statistical test to compare relative search volumes (RSVs) between the year 2020 and 2016-2019 for the whole country. Then we investigated the possible association of RSVs in provinces with dentists' density, prevalence of current daily smokers, Human Development Index (HDI), Internet access, and fluoride concentration in water using linear regression. RESULTS: When comparing 2020 with the previous four years, there was a rise of 2020 RSVs versus all previous years combined and each year (P < 0.001 for all of them). In the linear model for the year 2020, HDI (B = - 3.29, 95% CI: (- 5.80, - 0.78), P = 0.012) had a strong negative relationship with provincial RSVs. HDI mostly had strong positive relationship with provincial RSVs in prior years. Fluoride concentration (B = - 0.13, 95% CI: (- 0.24, - 0.03), P = 0.017) and dentists' density (B = - 0.04, 95% CI: (- 0.25, 0.17), P = 0.669) were also negatively associated with RSVs in 2020. These associations were mostly negative in the previous years as well. Internet access (B = 0.36, 95% CI: (- 0.38, 1.09), P = 0.325) and prevalence of daily smokers (B = 0.33, 95% CI: (0.13, 0.53), P = 0.002) were positively associated with RSVs. CONCLUSION: The RSVs for toothache in 2020 have increased due to COVID-19-imposed lockdown compared with the same period in the past four years. This increase was related to socioeconomic factors.


Assuntos
Odontalgia , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Ferramenta de Busca
3.
San Salvador; Biblioteca Virtual en Salud de El Salvador; Primera edición; 19.02.2021. 31 p.
Não convencional em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1147752

RESUMO

La Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), el pasado 11 de marzo de 2020 emitió alerta mundial debido a la propagación del SARS-CoV-2, un virus altamente contagioso que se presentó por primera vez en diciembre de 2019 en Hubei, Wuhan, República Popular de China. Con el propósito de proteger la salud de la población, el gobierno de El Salvador implementó "Medidas Extraordinarias de Prevención y Contención para declarar al territorio Nacional como zona sujeta a Control Sanitario, con el fin de Contener la Pandemia de COVID-19". El Órgano Ejecutivo en el Ramo de Salud anunció dichas medidas el 21 de marzo de 2020 a través del decreto No.12, lo que indica la suspensión de las consultas odontológicas privadas y públicas que no sean emergencia1,2. En el Decreto Ejecutivo No. 12, Artículo 3, literal h2, se hace mención a las excepciones y casos de emergencias y otros relacionados estrictamente con la salud. El decreto custodia por la vida e integridad de la población y en todo su contenido expresa el cuido de las poblaciones vulnerables y que ameritan seguimiento a necesidades prioritarias en salud; tal es el caso de las Emergencias en Odontología, las cuales si no son atendidas de forma oportuna pueden derivar en complicaciones sistémicas en detrimento del sistema inmunológico aumentando el riesgo de letalidad de las personas, independientemente al grupo etario al que pertenezca. En concordancia con el decreto ejecutivo, la Junta de Vigilancia de la Profesión Odontológica (JVPO) a través del Consejo Superior de Salud Pública (CSSP), emite un comunicado de prensa el 24 de marzo en el cual hace una aclaración a los profesionales de la odontología y al público en general, indicando que durante la cuarentena domiciliar se podrán realizar procedimeintos odontológicos exclusivamente de emergencias3.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Adulto Jovem , Odontalgia , Assistência Ambulatorial , Doenças da Boca
6.
J Endod ; 47(3): 345-357, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33340605

RESUMO

Pain is a common symptom in endodontic conditions, but differential diagnostic procedures are often needed to exclude other pain origins. Thus, general dentists and endodontists need to be aware of alternative painful orofacial conditions and be able to identify them. The new International Classification of Orofacial Pain (ICOP) is the first comprehensive classification that uniquely deals with orofacial pain. The ICOP is a hierarchical classification modeled on the International Classification of Headache Disorders and covers pain in dentoalveolar and anatomically related tissues, muscle pain, temporomandibular joint pain, neuropathic pain affecting cranial nerves, pain resembling primary headaches, and idiopathic pain in the orofacial region. A description of each condition is given, and structured diagnostic criteria for each condition are proposed based on research data when available. This narrative review aims (1) to give an overview and brief explanation of the ICOP system, (2) to describe and give examples of how it can be of use to general dentists and endodontists with special attention to differential diagnosis of tooth pain, and (3) to highlight how endodontic research can contribute to validation and improvement of the classification. A comparison to other classification and diagnostic systems is also included.


Assuntos
Endodontistas , Neuralgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Humanos , Odontalgia/diagnóstico
7.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-4, 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1145571

RESUMO

Atypical odontalgia is a pain disorder featured by constant pain without any obvious dental pathology. We report a 38-year-old man having chronic orofacial pain in the past two years. The pain was first located in the left maxillary premolar-molar region, but spread to the contra lateral mandible, occipital region, head and shoulders over time. The pain was described as dull and continuous with the intensity of #6 (VAS), and not relieved even after root canal therapy of all teeth and extraction of wisdom teeth . Some comorbid conditions such as TMJ problems and involvement of masticatory muscles were also reported. Finally, the diagnosis of atypical odontalgia was established due to lack of evidence for any organic pathology on clinical and paraclinical investigations, and a combination therapy including fluoxetine and clonazepam was started. Dental practitioners should consider AO when confronting toothache without any reasonable organic cause and avoid unnecessary dental procedures (AU)


A odontalgia atípica (OA) é um distúrbio doloroso caracterizado por uma dor constante sem qualquer patologia dentária óbvia. Relatamos um homem de 38 anos com dor orofacial crônica nos últimos dois anos. A dor foi inicialmente localizada na região pré-molar-molar superior esquerdo, mas se espalhou para o lado oposto da mandíbula, região occipital, cabeça e ombros ao longo do tempo. A dor foi descrita como maçante e contínua com a intensidade de # 6 (EVA), e não aliviada mesmo após tratamento de canal de todos os dentes e extração dos dentes do siso. Algumas comorbidades como problemas de ATM e envolvimento dos músculos mastigatórios também foram relatadas. Finalmente, o diagnóstico de odontalgia atípica foi estabelecido devido à falta de evidência para qualquer patologia sistêmica nas investigações clínicas e exames complementares, e uma terapia combinada incluindo fluoxetina e clonazepam foi iniciada. Os dentistas devem considerar OA ao enfrentar uma dor de dente sem qualquer causa sistêmica razoável e evitar procedimentos odontológicos desnecessários (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Odontalgia , Endodontia , Imperícia
8.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(4): 647-651, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107472

RESUMO

Headache is a common clinical problem, and appropriate diagnosis and management are a challenge for oral physician. Any minor anatomical variation within the nasal cavity may lead to mucosal contact point, which may be an etiological factor for causing headache and often left behind by clinician during preliminary evaluation of patients with headache or facial pain, resulting in misdiagnosis and inappropriate treatment. This article is an attempt to present a case of rhinogenic contact point headache which may be mistaken for a toothache initially leading to incorrect diagnosis and irrelevant treatment. A thorough, accurate and comprehensive history taking and a complete clinical and general physical examination result in appropriate diagnosis of the clinical situation.


Assuntos
Dor Facial , Cefaleia , Variação Anatômica , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/etiologia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal , Odontalgia
9.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 18(1): 301-309, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32618453

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the readability and the quality of toothache-related information found in Brazilian websites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five websites retrieved from Google Search, Baidu, Yahoo! and Bing were evaluated by two independent examiners using the DISCERN questionnaire, the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria and the Flesch Reading Ease adapted to Brazilian Portuguese (FRE-BP). Additionally, the websites were categorised according to their information, adopting four criteria related to: (i) endodontic pain, (ii) toothache relief or treatment, (iii) the self-resolution of pain, and (iv) the promotion of home remedies usage. The statistical analysis was performed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, Mann-Whitney U test, hierarchical clustering analysis by Ward's minimum variance method, Kruskal-Wallis test, post-hoc Dunn's test and Chisquare test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The overall means (± SD) of DISCERN and FRE-BP were, respectively, 31.02 (± 5.56) and 61.20 (± 11.79), without quality-based differences between the websites with health- and non-health-related authors, and distinct clusters. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the quality of toothache-related information found in this sample of Brazilian websites was classified as simple, accessible and of poor quality, which can hamper the personal decision-making process of seeking dental treatment, leading to damages caused by the non-effective self-management of toothache.


Assuntos
Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Odontalgia , Brasil , Compreensão , Humanos , Internet , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(1): 38-44, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621598

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of odontogenic infection in low-income Brazilian schoolchildren and evaluate its association with the subjective variables of oral health-related quality of life and dental pain. In this cross-sectional study, 230 schoolchildren aged eight to ten years old underwent a clinical oral survey in which the DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa indexes were measured. Afterward, children responded individually to the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) and self-reports of dental pain were collected. Data were statistically analyzed using MannWhitney or Kruskal-Wallis test with a post-test by Dunn's and Pearson correlation. Of the children evaluated, 42.6% had odontogenic infection and 80% reported experiencing dental pain. Children's age (p = 0.034) and past experience of dental pain (p < 0.002) were associated with odontogenic sepsis, in addition to impairment of their emotional well-being (p = 0.008), social welfare (p = 0.009) and overall impact on quality of life (p = 0.019). Toothache intensity (p < 0.001), frequency (p < 0.001) and duration (p < 0.001) were correlated to the overall impact on children's quality of life. The prevalence of odontogenic infection remains high among low-income Brazilian schoolchildren. Pediatric infection and its related pain induce not only various biological disorders but also impair children's self-perception of quality of life.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Infecções/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/psicologia
11.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(4): 43-46, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32692518

RESUMO

The objective of the research was to determine odontological (odontometric and odontoscopic) and morpho-aesthetic variations of the upper central and lateral incisors in 14-year-old children residing in Udmurt Republic. 200 adolescent respondents (100 boys and 100 girls) were included in the study. We accessed morphological aspects of the permanent upper right and left central incisors (URCI and ULCI) in 14-year-old children born and permanently residing in conditionally ecologically favorable districts of the Udmurt Republic. Odontological variations of the permanent tooth crown shapes in early adolescent children (14-year-old) are shown; morphological, ethnic, age and gender, aesthetic features are determined. The determined odontoscopic and odontometric features of the permanent tooth crown shapes matter of scientific and practical terms and can be used to clarify ethnicity and possibly gender. The identified patterns can change and multiply the information-statistical interpretation of the ethnic and morpho-aesthetic features of the permanent teeth, and hence have an important impact when restoring damaged teeth crowns, which affect the permanent dentition smile harmony in 14-year-old adolescents born and permanently residing in the Udmurt Republic.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Coroa do Dente , Adolescente , Criança , Coroas , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Odontalgia
12.
Aust Dent J ; 65 Suppl 1: S59-S66, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper examines oral health impacts of toothache experience, self-rated oral health (SROH), being uncomfortable with dental appearance, and avoiding foods in the Australian adult population. METHODS: The explanatory variables include age, sex, region, income, area-based SES, dental insurance and visiting pattern. The data were collected in the interview in NSAOH 2017-18. RESULTS: There were lower percentages with: toothache in the highest (14.8%) than middle (21.2%) and lower income tertiles (25.2%); fair/poor SROH in the highest (15.8%) than middle (24.1%) and lower tertiles (34.8%); uncomfortable with appearance in the highest (29.1%) than middle (35.3%) and lower tertiles (42.2%); and food avoidance in the higher (15.3%) than middle (22.9%) and lower tertiles (34.4%). There were higher percentages with: toothache in the unfavourable (32.2%) than intermediate (23.1%) and favourable (11.7%) visiting groups; fair/poor SROH in the unfavourable (44.0%) than intermediate (27.4%) or favourable (10.2%) groups; being uncomfortable about appearance in the unfavourable (47.6%) than intermediate (39.5%) or favourable (25.8%) groups; and avoiding foods in the unfavourable (34.8%) than intermediate (26.0%) or favourable (14.5%) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status and dental visiting were associated with oral health impacts. Oral health impacts were worse for those with lower income and unfavourable visiting patterns.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Renda , Classe Social
13.
J Endod ; 46(10): 1530-1534, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32561237

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Temporal tendonitis (TT) is an orofacial pain disorder that can refer pain to the maxillary and mandibular molars, temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, eye, or ear. Patients often present to a dentist or physician with complaints reflecting these referral patterns, yet many healthcare providers are unfamiliar with TT because of the scarcity of literature published on this clinical entity. This may lead to diagnostic confusion, iatrogenic harm, and prolonged patient suffering. METHODS AND RESULTS: This case report describes TT that presented as maxillary and mandibular posterior tooth pain, preauricular pain, and decreased mandibular range of motion. Patient history and examination were suggestive of TT. Local anesthetic injection adjacent to the tendon eliminated all pain complaints and improved range of motion. The patient was given education on the condition and self-care instructions. At 1-week follow-up, the patient reported resolution of her pain complaint. CONCLUSIONS: As healthcare providers familiarize themselves with appropriate diagnostic and treatment options for TT, delayed or unnecessary care can be avoided, and proper management strategies can be implemented.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Odontalgia , Dor Facial , Feminino , Humanos , Mandíbula , Tendões
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e036, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321054

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with toothache in the adult population of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Individual data from a population sample (age 35 to 44 years) were collected from a secondary database of the SB Minas survey. Sampling was carried out by clusters and with multiple drawing stages. The eligibility criteria were to reside in areas chosen for the research, be within the age group, and accept to participate in the research. The individual variables assessed by a questionnaire and dental exams were sex, income, race/skin color, root caries, periodontal condition, need for dental treatment, and last dental appointment. The contextual variables, assessed by municipal indexes, were Human Development Index (HDI), illiteracy, unemployment, half minimum wage, quarter minimum wage, oral health team coverage, access to individual health care, and supervised tooth brushing average. The dependent variable was toothache in the past six months. A descriptive analysis was made using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences and Hierarchical Linear and Nonlinear Modeling Software was used to perform the multilevel analyses for individual and contextual levels. An association was found between toothache and low income (OR = 2.00; 95%CI = 1.32-3.13), dental caries (OR = 1.86; 95%CI = 1.22-2.86), periodontal condition, and living on a quarter of the minimum wage or less (OR = 1.03; 95%CI = 1.00-1.08). Clinical and social factors were associated with toothache, reinforcing the need to improve public polices in oral health focused on the adult population.


Assuntos
Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/etiologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo
15.
Minerva Stomatol ; 69(5): 317-323, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32278342

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Dental profession has expanded, and the knowledge that oral health affects systemic health is of greater concern to patients. The purpose of this study is to understand the demand for dental treatments in Italy, knowing if there is any correlation between socioeconomic condition and oral rehabilitation typology. Moreover, focusing on the requested rehabilitations type and on finding alternatives, unconventional solutions. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The research was conducted using an important research database defined Google Trends, with search terms such as "dolore denti" (toothache). A statistical analysis has been conducted in this study evaluation Pearson Correlation Coefficient. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The results divided region by region provide data that reflect the socio-economic conditions of the population concerned. Other results have been obtained from government source, to learn about the economic situations of the individual regions, for this reason the GDP was examined. Furthermore, there are important results regarding the parasanitary professions to which patients, for economic reasons, tend to refer. CONCLUSIONS: This study will surely be an excellent starting point to investigate professional abuse and above all to assess the needs of the different regions.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Odontalgia , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e029, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236318

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate access to oral health services among adolescents enrolled in public schools of Campina Grande, Paraíba, Brazil, a large-size municipality in the Northeast of Brazil. An observational, descriptive, analytical, quantitative, and cross-sectional study was carried out through a school survey, in which four validated questionnaires were applied to 438 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. Data were processed using the SPSS statistical software version 20.0, with bivariate analysis and multivariate analysis through Poisson regression. About 90.9% of adolescents reported having visited the dentist at least once; however, when considering the last 6 months, this percentage fell to 48.4%. Adolescents used private services (50.2%) or the public service (49.8%). About 70.6% of interviewees reported dental treatment (61.1%) as the main reason for seeking the service. Through multivariate analysis, it was observed that the demand for the service was higher among female adolescents (60.5%, p <0.001); the other variables did not present statistically significant differences. In conclusion, the access to oral healthcare services reported by adolescents was good, but there is still a considerable part of this population with no access. Variables that presented significant associated with dental services were gender and toothache history, but only gender remained significant in the multivariate model.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Setor Público , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183433

RESUMO

This study examined the relationship between oral discomfort and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in the Korean elderly, using the datasets provided by the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KHNANES) over 6 consecutive years (2010-2015). A total of 13,618 participants aged 65 years and over were included in the final analysis. A complex sample logistic regression was performed to determine the impact of oral discomfort on HRQOL. The results revealed that toothache, masticatory discomfort, and pronunciation problems caused by oral health conditions were all risk factors for decreased HRQOL. In particular, masticatory discomfort (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.63, Model III (adjusted for all covariates)) and pronunciation problems (AOR 1.64, Model III) negatively impacted the HRQOL of the elderly to a great extent. Masticatory discomfort had a stronger negative impact on HRQOL in the domains of "self-care" (AOR 1.83) and "usual activities" (AOR 1.66), while pronunciation problems had a similar impact on all five domains of the EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ-5D). These findings could serve as baseline data for setting up early intervention programs for the timely prevention of oral health-related discomfort problems that greatly affect the QOL of the elderly population, and for the development of comprehensive and efficient dental insurance policies.


Assuntos
Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Saúde Bucal , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
18.
J Endod ; 46(5): 619-626.e2, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171563

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We measured the long-term outcomes of patients reporting persistent pain 6 months after root canal treatment (RCT) and assessed the characteristics differing patients with pain chronification from those with pain resolution. METHODS: Forty-five patients previously found to have persistent pain 6 months post-RCT from the National Dental Practice-Based Research Network were approached for a 3-year follow-up, and 27 participated in the survey. The frequency of self-reported pain, its impact on the ability to perform daily activities, and health care use were measured. The differences between patients whose persistent pain continued and those whose pain resolved were assessed. RESULTS: Five patients met criteria for pain at 3.4 years (range, 3.1-3.9 years) post-RCT, which was moderate in intensity, occurred for about 3 days in the preceding month, and kept 1 patient from usual activities. Additional health care was received by 4 of 5 patients whose pain continued compared with 7 of 22 patients whose pain resolved. A longer duration of preoperative pain and higher pain intensity and interference at 6 months were found among patients with pain chronification. Of 13 patients with specific diagnoses for the persistent pain derived at 65 ± 41 days (∼8 months) post-RCT, 10 improved regardless of the diagnosis or treatment, and 11 had a temporomandibular disorder and/or headache as comorbid diagnoses (6) or causes (6) of the persistent "tooth" pain. CONCLUSIONS: Progression of persistent post-RCT pain occurred in 19% of patients. The majority (56%) of patients improved without additional interventions. Both the group that improved and the group that continued to experience pain had a mixture of odontogenic and nonodontogenic etiologies.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Autorrelato , Odontalgia
19.
Pediatr Dent ; 42(1): 22-27, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075706

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the prevalence of dental pain in preschool children through the Brazilian Dental Discomfort Questionnaire (DDQ-B) and its association with dental caries, its severity, and socioeconomic factors. Methods: The study included 485 three- to four-year-olds who attended the National Day of Children's Vaccination in São Paulo, Brazil. Parents answered the DDQ-B and questions of socioeconomic conditions. Calibrated dentists assessed dental caries using the decayed, missing, and filled primary teeth (dmft) index and its severity using the pulpal involvement, ulceration of mucosa due to root fragments, fistula, and abscess (PUFA) index. Poisson regression with robust variance was used with a level of significance of five percent. Results: The prevalence of dental pain was 11.8 percent. Dental pain was associated with a prevalence of dental caries (prevalence ratio [PR] equals 2.47; 95 percent confidence interval [95% CI] equals 1.33 to 4.58; P=0.004) and severe caries (PR equals 2.98; 95% CI equals 1.39 to 6.39; P=0.005). Socioeconomic factors were not associated with dental pain. Conclusions: The prevalence of dental pain in preschool children is relevant when assessed through the Brazilian Dental Discomfort Questionnaire. Dental pain is associated with dental caries prevalence and its severity. Socioeconomic factors were not associated with dental pain.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Brasil , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia
20.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(5): 591-601, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027199

RESUMO

Introduction: Dental pain is primarily treated by dentists and emergency medicine clinicians and may occur because of insult to the tooth or oral surgery. The dental impaction pain model (DIPM) has been widely used in clinical studies of analgesic agents and is generalizable to many other forms of pain.Areas Covered: The authors discuss the DIPM, which has allowed for important head-to-head studies of analgesic agents, such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids, and combinations. Postsurgical dental pain follows a predictable trajectory over the course of one to 3 days. Dental pain may have odontic origin or may be referred pain from other areas of the body.Expert opinion: Pain following oral surgery has sometimes been treated with longer-than-necessary courses of opioid therapy. Postsurgical dental pain may be moderate to severe but typically resolves in a day or two after the extraction. Opioid monotherapy, rarely used in dentistry but combination therapy (opioid plus acetaminophen or an NSAID), was sometimes used as well as nonopioid analgesic monotherapy. The dental impaction pain model has been valuable in the study of analgesics but does not address all painful conditions, for example, pain with a neuropathic component.


Assuntos
Dor Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/uso terapêutico , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Odontalgia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Extração Dentária
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