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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e226288, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1366204

RESUMO

Aim: To describe the pattern of toothache experience in a cohort of children aged 2-5 over 21 years and to find the relationship between previous toothache experience and later reports of toothache to get finding on the most critical period of toothache as a problem in life. Methods: This is a secondary data analysis from Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS). A total of 1,927 children from IFLS-1 with complete data were included as baseline participants. They were followed up four times within 21 years (age 6-9y, age 9-12y, age 16-19y, age 23- 26y). Toothache was based on the question of self-reported toothache experience during the last four weeks. After 21 years, a total of 1,098 individuals could be traced and completed every cohort of the survey. Toothache experiences were reported for frequencies in every cohort and accumulative experiences over 21 years. Logistic regression tests were performed to analyze the association of previous toothache experience and later toothache experience. Results: Almost 40% of the respondents reported toothache at least once in their life. The age of 6-9 years is the period when a high percentage of children had teeth-related pain. The experience of toothache at this period was significantly related to every period of age in life. Conclusions: The period of early mixed dentition is important. Oral health status in this period is associated with future oral health. A comprehensive dental health prevention program targeting this population is essential to increase the quality of life


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Saúde Bucal , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Prevalência , Estudos Longitudinais , Indonésia/epidemiologia
2.
Aerosp Med Hum Perform ; 93(5): 539, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35551726

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Barometric pressure variation during dives may induce barodontalgia and barotrauma. Barodontalgia refers to oral pain resulting from a change in ambient pressure. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of barodontalgia and dental barotrauma among French civilian scuba divers.METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional internet-based survey was conducted among French scuba divers over 18 yr of age registered by the French Federation of Underwater Sports (FFESSM). The online questionnaire was distributed from October to December 2020. It contained questions regarding general characteristics of participants, barodontalgia and dental barotrauma occurrences, and relationship of the diver with his/her dentist.RESULTS: There were 684 scuba divers (65.4% men; aged 48 ± 12 yr) who participated in the study. Barodontalgia was reported by 18.7%, with some respondents reporting more than one episode. Most barodontalgia affected posterior (81.2%) and upper teeth (55.2%) with dental filling (50.0%). At least one dental barotrauma was reported by 10.1% of respondents, including mainly loss or fracture of a dental filling (4.2%). The occurrence of dental barotrauma was significantly higher among men (12.3%) than women (5.9%) and increased significantly with the age, the years of diving and the diving qualification.CONCLUSION: Information should be provided to divers on the importance of routine dental checkups.Kougeon K, Yasukawa K, Baudet A. Barodontalgia and dental barotrauma among scuba divers. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2022; 93(5):421-425.


Assuntos
Barotrauma , Mergulho , Pressão Atmosférica , Barotrauma/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Mergulho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/etiologia
3.
JDR Clin Trans Res ; 7(3): 307-314, 2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533247

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: In April 2020, the Japanese government declared a state of emergency owing to the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, which resulted in reduced workforce and job losses. Furthermore, income is one of the most consistent predictors of dental visits. Therefore, this study examined the association between income changes and dental clinic visits during the COVID-19 state of emergency in Japan. METHODS: An online, self-reported cross-sectional survey about health activities including dental visits during the first COVID-19 state of emergency was conducted in Osaka, Japan (June 23 to July 12, 2020). Among participants with toothaches, the assessment for the association between "refrained from visiting a dentist despite wanting treatment for toothache during the state of emergency (refrained treatment)" and income changes before and after the state of emergency using a multivariate Poisson regression model adjusted for sex, age, self-rated health, frequency of regular dental visits, and employment status. RESULTS: Among 27,575 participants, 3,895 (14.1%) had toothaches, and 1,906 (6.9%) reported refrained treatment. Among people with decreased income (n = 8,152, 29.6% of overall participants), the proportions of the refrained treatment group were 8.0% (income decreased by 1%-49%), 9.9% (50%-99% decreased), and 9.1% (100% decreased). Among participants with toothache, after adjusting for all variables, compared with participants with no income change, we observed significantly higher prevalence ratios (PRs) for refrained treatment in those who experienced a decreased income owing to COVID-19 (1%-49% decrease: PR = 1.08; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.005-1.17; 50%-99% decrease: PR = 1.18; 95% CI, 1.06-1.32; 100% decrease: PR = 1.18; 95% CI, 1.04-1.33). CONCLUSION: Decreased income was associated with refrained dental treatment during the COVID-19 state of emergency in Osaka, Japan. The economic damage related to the COVID-19 pandemic could lead to oral health inequalities. KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER STATEMENT: Our study found that individuals with decreased income owing to COVID-19 before and after the state of emergency showed significantly higher prevalence ratios for refraining from visiting a dentist despite wanting treatment for toothache. We believe that our study makes a significant contribution because it provides novel, basic data that economic damages related to the COVID-19 pandemic might expand to oral health inequalities.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Odontalgia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Renda , Pandemias , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
4.
Odontology ; 110(4): 814-823, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35637398

RESUMO

Self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (SCUBA) diving is becoming widely democratized among hobbyist practitioners. It can cause orofacial problems, mostly linked to pressure changes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of these problems and to analyze civilian divers' behavior about their dental prevention in France, via a cross-sectional study. Data from 1015 French civilian divers were collected via a nationwide online questionnaire in which participants indicated information concerning orofacial experienced problems during their diving activity, and their medical preventive habits. As results, oral manifestations were experienced by 25.2% of the divers, including barodontalgia (10.8%), mouth syndrome (13.4%), gum pain (2.8%) and dental fractures caused by barotrauma (3.7%) or shocks (1.9%). Mouth syndrome was more frequent among women (18.6%) and divers aged between 18 and 34 years (18.9%). The prevalence of dental fractures increased significantly with age. High diving level was associated with more frequent barodontalgia (17.5%), gum pain (7%) and barotrauma (7.6%). Among respondents, 43.5% completed a dental examination before a diving season and showed fewer oral problems during their scuba diving practice than those who did not. In conclusion, oral problems in scuba diving represent frequent events that can compromise the safety of divers. Despite awareness rising, there is a lack of recourse to the dentist. This leads to incomplete information, especially concerning the preventive means available to divers.


Assuntos
Barotrauma , Mergulho , Adolescente , Adulto , Barotrauma/epidemiologia , Barotrauma/etiologia , Barotrauma/prevenção & controle , Estudos Transversais , Mergulho/efeitos adversos , Mergulho/lesões , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
5.
Community Dent Health ; 39(3): 165-168, 2022 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35438263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore self-reported satisfaction with teeth in 12-year-old children, and to study whether satisfaction was associated with child characteristics, oral health behaviours and previous experiences with teeth and dental treatment. METHODS: Data were retrieved from dental records of 4725 children and questionnaires including information on satisfaction with teeth, gender, parents' origin, parents' education, dental anxiety, tooth brushing frequency, use of dental floss, toothache, pain at last dental visit and caries. Informed consent was obtained from all participants. Data were crosstabulated and tested using Chi-square statistics and multivariable logistic regression. The study was ethically approved. RESULTS: Most children (68%) were satisfied with their teeth. Children who were dissatisfied with teeth were more likely to have negative experiences with their teeth and dental treatment with higher probability of having experienced toothache (OR 1.6, CI 1.4-1.8), pain at last dental visit (OR 1.4, CI 1.2-1.6) or dental anxiety (OR 1.2, CI 1.1-1.4) than other children. In addition, children with caries in their primary (OR 1.4, CI 1.2-1.7) and permanent teeth (OR 1.2, CI 1.0-1.4) were more likely to be dissatisfied than those without caries. CONCLUSIONS: Most 12-year-olds were satisfied with their teeth. The strongest indicator for being dissatisfied was experiences with toothache, pain at last dental visit or caries while parents' origin and education were less important.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Odontalgia , Criança , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Satisfação Pessoal , Autorrelato , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(6): 4615-4622, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35257249

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the influence of toothache in early adolescence on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) on later adolescence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A longitudinal study was conducted, starting in 2012 within a random sample of 1,134 adolescents of 12-year-olds, in Santa Maria, Brazil. Clinical, socioeconomic, demographic, and subjective variables were obtained. Toothache was collected through the question "In the last 6 months, did you have toothache?" Six years later, the same adolescents answered the short form of the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ11-14). Multilevel Poisson regression was used to evaluate the association between toothache at baseline (2012) with overall and domain-specific CPQ11-14 scores at follow-up (2018). RESULTS: A total of 769 adolescents were revaluated in 2018 (68% rate retention), with a mean age of 17.5 years (SD, 0.64). Adolescents who reported toothache at the baseline presented a had a higher mean score in the overall CPQ questionnaire during follow-up (Incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 1.25; 95% CI 1.20-1.31). Toothache was also associated with all domain-specific CPQ11-14 even after adjusting the other variables. CONCLUSIONS: Brazilian adolescents who had toothache in early adolescence, even if only a single episode, have a negative impact on OHRQoL throughout adolescence. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: These findings serve as a warning for dental professionals to dedicate their preventive approaches and to promote healthy standards in this age group, in order to avoid episodes of toothache and negative impact on OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Saúde Bucal , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(2): 1105-1119, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34791550

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to determine the pooled prevalence of toothache in children and adolescents and to verify its association with sociodemographic characteristics and dental caries experience. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Six main and three grey literature databases were searched in February 2021. Observational studies that assessed the prevalence of toothache and associated factors were included. The methodological quality of the studies was evaluated following the guidelines by Fowkes and Fulton. Proportion and association meta-analyses were performed in MedCalc and Revman software, respectively. The certainty of the evidence was determined with the GRADE approach. RESULTS: Seventy-one studies met the inclusion criteria. Thirty-two presented high methodological quality and a low risk of bias. The overall pooled prevalence of toothache in children and adolescents was 36.2% (95%CI: 33.0-39.42; I2: 99.72%; P < 0.001). Females (OR: 1.17; 95%CI: 1.08-1.26; I2: 91%; P < 0.001) and children and adolescents whose caregivers had ≤ 8 years of schooling (OR: 1.42; 95%CI: 1.30-1.56; I2: 77%; P < 0.001) presented the higher chance of reporting toothache. Dental caries experience increased the chance of reporting toothache in 3.49 times (95%CI: 2.70-4.51; I2: 92%; P < 0.001). The certainty of the evidence was very low. CONCLUSIONS: The overall pooled prevalence of toothache was considered high. Sociodemographic characteristics (sex and caregivers' educational level) and previous dental caries experience were significantly associated with toothache reports. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Toothache is still a recurrent issue in many countries. Thus, it is essential to understand its possible associated factors to reduce the occurrence of new episodes.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Odontalgia , Adolescente , Cuidadores , Criança , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
8.
Rev. ABENO ; 21(1): 1021, dez. 2021. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1371727

RESUMO

O objetivo deste estudo transversal foi avaliaro desfecho dor e fatores associados em pacientes atendidos em um serviço de urgência odontológica no sul do Brasil. Foram avaliados 137 prontuários provenientes de um projeto de extensão para capacitação em atendimento odontológico de urgência da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria/RS), referentes ao período de abril de 2017 a dezembro de 2018. Os dados contidos na ficha clínica, autorrelatados pelos pacientes, foram coletados e variáveis relacionadas às características socioeconômicas, médicas e odontológicas foram submetidas à análise estatística descritiva e regressão de Poisson multivariada. A prevalência de dor nestes pacientes foi de 65,2%e a hipótese diagnósticamais prevalente foi de pulpite aguda irreversível (46,2% dos casos). A procura por atendimento foi maiorna faixa etária entre 40-59 anos (48,6%), no sexo feminino (64%), em pacientes sem nível superior (85,3%) e os dentes mais frequentemente tratados foram os posteriores (82,7%). Houve associação entre a presença de dor e variáveis médicas, sendo queos pacientes com mais de duas doençassistêmicas apresentaram maior prevalência de dor. O preenchimento inadequado dos prontuários odontológicos foi um achado comum, o que pode prejudicar o estabelecimento do perfil epidemiológico destes pacientes e o planejamento dos atendimentos futuros de forma eficiente, além de poder acarretar problemas jurídicos (AU).


This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the pain outcome and associated factorsin patients attending an emergency dental service in southern Brazil. One hundred and thirty-seven (137) patient records from an extension project for emergency dental care training at the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria (Santa Maria, RS, Brazil), relative to the period from April 2017 to December 2018, were evaluated. The data in the records, self-reported by the patients, were collected, and variables related to socioeconomic, medical and dental characteristics were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis and multivariate Poisson regression. The prevalence of pain in these patients was 65.2%, and the most prevalent diagnostic hypothesis was irreversible acute pulpitis (46.2% of the cases). The demand for care was greater in the age group between40-59 years (48.6%), in women (64%), in patients without university education (85.3%), and posterior teeth were the most frequently treated (82.7%). There was an association between the presence of pain and medical variables, being that patients with morethan two systemic diseases had a higher prevalence of pain. The inadequate completion of dental records was a common finding, which can impair the establishment of the epidemiological profile of these patients and the efficient planning of future dental care services, as well as cause legal problems (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Perfil de Saúde , Assistência Odontológica , Tratamento de Emergência/instrumentação , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Dor/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Registros Médicos/normas , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Análise Multivariada , Análise de Regressão
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26713, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate the impact of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on toothache patients through posts on Sina Weibo. METHODS: Using Gooseeker, we searched and screened 24,108 posts about toothache on Weibo during the dental clinical closure period of China (February 1, 2020-February 29, 2020), and then divided them into 4 categories (causes of toothache, treatments of toothache, impacts of COVID-19 on toothache treatment, popular science articles of toothache), including 10 subcategories, to analyze the proportion of posts in each category. RESULTS: There were 12,603 postings closely related to toothache. Among them, 87.6% of posts did not indicate a specific cause of pain, and 92.8% of posts did not clearly indicate a specific method of treatment. There were 38.9% of the posts that clearly showed that their dental treatment of toothache was affected by COVID-19, including 10.5% of the posts in which patients were afraid to see the dentists because of COVID-19, and 28.4% of the posts in which patients were unable to see the dentists because the dental clinic was closed. Only 3.5% of all posts were about popular science of toothache. CONCLUSIONS: We have studied and analyzed social media data about toothache during the COVID-19 epidemic, so as to provide some insights for government organizations, the media and dentists to better guide the public to pay attention to oral health through social media. Research on social media data can help formulate public health policies.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontalgia/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Mineração de Dados/métodos , Mineração de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Saúde Bucal/normas , Saúde Bucal/tendências , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/psicologia
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 418, 2021 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34433449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reasons such as the lack of information on the COVID-19 disease, lack of proven treatment for it, uncertainty about the duration of the pandemic, or social isolation affect people's mental health. This study aimed to analyze the emotional type and intensity in tweets on toothache posted during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Using the Twitter Search API, we collected tweets in English associated with the keywords "Corona, Toothache" "Corona, Tooth, Pain" "Corona, Dental Pain" "Covid-19, Toothache" "Covid-19, Tooth, Pain" and "Covid-19, Dental Pain" posted between March 11, 2020 and June 30, 2020 all around the world. After the relevant inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 426 posts were selected and analyzed using the CrystalFeel algorithm, a sensitivity analytical technology with proven accuracy. The chi-square test (SPSS v23, IBM) was used to compare emotions and emotional intensities according to the words used. RESULTS: It was determined that 80.3% of the participants experienced fear and 61.7% had a negative emotional intensity. There was no statistically significant difference between the distributions of emotions according to the words without time distinction (p = 0.136). There was a statistically significant difference between the distributions of emotional intensity according to the words without time distinction (p = 0.006). The keyword "Corona, Toothache" was used the most frequently by 30.8% of the participants. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to analyze the emotional reactions of individuals who experienced toothaches during the COVID-19 pandemic using the CrystalFeel algorithm. Monitoring the social media posts of individuals experiencing toothache during the pandemic will help reduce fear and anger emotions and design public information messages that are compatible with the target group's needs.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Odontalgia , Algoritmos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Mídias Sociais , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
11.
Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; 49(6): 522-532, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829523

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of toothache and its risk indicators in the older Chinese population. METHODS: National cross-sectional survey data on 25 048 Chinese people ≥65 years in 2011, 2014 and 2018 survey year were analysed and then pooled. Chi-square test was used to examine the differences in prevalence among specific subgroups. Multivariate modified Poisson regression analyses with robust error variances were used to detect related factors and prevalence ratios (PR) were calculated. RESULTS: The prevalence of toothache was 16.3% (95% CI: 15.5%-17.1%), 12.8% (95% CI: 12.0%-13.7%) and 16.0% (95% CI: 15.3%-16.7%) in years 2011, 2014 and 2018. In the pooled multivariate Poisson regression model, factors associated with toothache were female (PR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.18-1.37), younger age (PR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.63-2.09), currently married and living with spouse (PR: 1.08, 95% CI: 1.01-1.15), current living in urban area (PR:1.12, 95% CI: 1.06-1.20), enough financial support (PR: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.65-0.74), having chronic disease (PR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.35, 1.57), higher sugar intake (PR: 1.10, 95% CI: 1.03-1.17), salty flavour (PR:1.15, 95% CI: 1.07-1.23), smoking (PR: 1.14, 95% CI:1.06-1.23) or drinking (PR: 1.17, 95% CI: 1.09-1.25), with denture (PR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.08-1.22) and higher toothbrushing frequency (PR: 1.25-1.50). CONCLUSIONS: More than one in ten older Chinese population had toothache, and it was related to age, gender, socioeconomic status, behaviour and oral health status. Lifestyle interventions should be taken to avoid the occurrence of the toothache.


Assuntos
Odontalgia , Adulto , Brasil , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/etiologia
12.
Int J Paediatr Dent ; 31(5): 558-564, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toothache is considered a multifactorial health problem that is associated with oral diseases and comorbidities. AIM: Evaluate the direct and indirect pathways between toothache and children's oral health-related quality of life (COHRQoL). DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with a random sample of children from southern Brazil. The variables included demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, and oral health characteristics. Toothache was collected through the question 'Have you had toothache in the last 12 months?'. COHRQoL was collected by the Child Perceptions Questionnaire 8-10 in his Brazilian version. The pathways between the associated variables, toothache, and COHRQoL were analyzed through structural equation modeling. RESULTS: A total of 449 schoolchildren were evaluated. The prevalence of toothache was 50.1% (95% confidence interval: 45.4%-54.8%). The poorer COHRQoL was directly affected by the presence of toothache. Considering the indirect pathways, the low household income, high household crowding, low age, the use of public health service, and the untreated dental caries influenced indirectly in the worst COHRQoL via toothache. CONCLUSION: This study determined that COHRQoL was directly influenced by toothache. Meanwhile, indirect pathways were observed. These findings justify initiatives that highlight the importance of the reduction of oral diseases that can lead to pain experiences.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Aglomeração , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Características da Família , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
13.
Arq. odontol ; 57: 208-217, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1348090

RESUMO

Objetivo: Avaliar a experiência de cárie dentária e fatores relacionados em adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos de uma escola pública de Manaus-AM. Métodos: O delineamento do estudo foi do tipo transversal, cuja amostra foi constituída por 103 escolares. Para avaliar a cárie dentária foram realizados exames clínicos utilizando o Índice CPO-D (cariados, perdidos, obturados por dente) para avaliar presença de cárie dentária em ficha individual. Também foram aplicados dois questionários referentes aos hábitos de higiene bucal e à percepção da presença de dor dentária nos últimos seis meses e impacto das condições de saúde bucal na vida diária. O Índice Significant Caries Index (SIC) foi utilizado para avaliar a presença da doença cárie dentária em um terço da população com maior CPO-D. Para análise dos dados foram utilizados os programas Microsoft Excel®e Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), adotando o nível de significância de 0,05. Para verificar a hipótese de associação entre variáveis foi utilizado o teste Qui-quadrado de Pearson. Resultados: A média do índice CPO-D encontrada foi de 1,2 considerada baixa; sendo o componente cariado (C) o responsável pela maior parte do Índice CPO-D. O Índice SIC foi de 4,4 evidenciando que um terço da amostra apresentava Índice CPO muito superior à média encontrada, mostrando desigualdade na distribuição da doença no grupo estudado. A frequência de escovação por 3 vezes ao dia foi relatada pela maioria dos adolescentes (57,3%). No entanto, sobre a frequência de consulta dos adolescentes ao cirurgião-dentista, constatou-se que 48,6% dos estudantes nunca procuraram atendimento. Houve relação estatisticamente significante entre presença de cárie dentária e irritabilidade causada pelos dentes (p = 0,011) e dificuldade para falar (p = 0,007). Conclusão: Este estudo apontou baixa experiência de cárie dentária, sendo a frequência de escovação por 3 vezes ao dia relatada pela maioria dos adolescentes. Houve relação estatisticamente significante entre presença de cárie dentária e as questões sobre incômodo ao escovar os dentes e dificuldade para falar.


Aim:To evaluate the experience of tooth decay and its associated factors in teenagers ranging from 15 to 19 years of age in a public high school in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design, whose sample amount was a total of 103 students. To evaluate tooth decay, clinical exams were performed using the DMF-T index (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) to assess the presence of tooth decay (DMF-T) on an individual data record. Two questionnaires were applied regarding oral hygiene habits, perception of the presence of dental pain in the last six months, and impact of oral health conditions on daily life. The Significant Caries Index (SIC Index) was used to assess the presence of tooth decay disease in one third of the population with the highest DMF-T. For data analysis, the Microsoft Excel® and Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) programs were used, adopting a significance level of 0.05. Pearson's chi-square test was used to verify the hypothesis of association between variables. Results:The DMF-T index was 1.2, which is considered low, while the carious component (C) was the most prevalent of the DMF-T Index. The SIC Index was 4.4, showing that one third of the sample had a DMF-T Index that was much higher than the average, revealing an unequal distribution of the disease within the studied group. The frequency of brushing teeth 3 times a day was reported by most teenagers (57.3%). However, regarding the frequency of visits to the dentist, it was found that 48.6% of the students had never sought out dental care. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence of tooth decay and questions about irritability caused by teeth (p = 0.011) and difficulty in speaking (p = 0.007). Conclusion:This study showed a low experience of tooth decay, with the frequency of brushing 3 times a day reported by most adolescents. There was a statistically significant relationship between the presence of tooth decay and difficulty in speaking.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Estudantes , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Índice CPO , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
14.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 64(1): 71-76, 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252970

RESUMO

Objetivos: analizar y describir los requerimientos de atención quirúrgica y no quirúrgica de urgencia en la población infantil y juvenil en un servicio de urgencias de Argentina durante el aislamiento social preventivo y obligatorio (ASPO). Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo de análisis retrospectivo durante el período inicial de 93 días de ASPO, comprendido entre 20 de marzo de 2020 hasta el 20 de junio de 2020. Se registraron los pacientes menores de 17 años que acudieron al servicio de urgencias del Hospital Odontológico de la Universidad de Buenos Aires y se caracterizó aquellos que requerían distintos tipos de tratamientos. Resultados: se atendieron 4654 pacientes durante el periodo estudiado, de los cuales 116 eran menores de 17 años. Se realizaron 142 prestaciones. A 63 piezas dentarias se les realizó la exodoncia. A otras 63, algún tipo de tratamiento endodóntico. 11 piezas requirieron de restauraciones directas, y en 5 se realizaron otros tipos de tratamientos. Conclusión: fue importante la presencia de recurso humano calificado en el área de la cirugía bucal y pediátrica en los servicios de guardia, considerando el incremento sustancial de necesidad de tratamiento suscitado durante el ASPO (AU)


Objective: to analyse and describe the requirements for emergency surgical and non-surgical care in the paediatric population in an emergency department in Argentina during Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation. Materials and Methods: an observational, descriptive, retrospective study was conducted during the initial period of 93 days of Preventive and Mandatory Social Isolation, from March 20, 2020 to June 20, 2020. Patients under 17 years of age who attended the emergency department of the Dental Hospital of the University of Buenos Aires were registered and those requiring different types of treatment were characterised. Results: 4654 patients were seen during the period studied, 116 of whom were under 17 years of age. A total of 142 services were performed. Sixty-three teeth were exodontically extracted. A further 63 underwent some form of endodontic treatment. 11 teeth required direct restorations and 5 required other types of treatment. Conclusion: the presence of qualified human resources in oral and paediatric surgery in the on-call services was important, considering the substantial increase in the need for treatment during the ASPO (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Recém-Nascido , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Cirurgia Bucal , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Pandemias , COVID-19 , Faculdades de Odontologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Universidades , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Estudos Retrospectivos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Doenças da Polpa Dentária/epidemiologia , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia , Emergências , Estudo Observacional , Infecção Focal Dentária/epidemiologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1136741

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems and its association with oral conditions in schoolchildren. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with a representative sample of 1,589 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years enrolled in public schools from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Non-clinical data included a questionnaire about socioeconomic indicators answered by parents/guardians. Children were questioned about whether they had trouble sleeping due to dental problems and about previous history of toothache. Clinical oral examinations were performed to evaluate dental caries - Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT/dmft index) and its clinical consequences [PUFA/pufa index: considering the presence of pulpal involvement (P/p); ulceration of tissues due to tooth fragments from decayed crowns (U/u); fistula (F/f); and abscesses (A/a), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI)]. We conducted a descriptive analysis and used adjusted logistic regression models (p<0.05; 95%CI). Results: The prevalence of trouble sleeping due to dental problems was 28%. Children with untreated dental caries (OR 1.32; 95%CI 1.05-1.67) and clinical consequences from the PUFA/pufa index (OR 1.89; 95%CI 1.45-2.46) had higher chances of reporting trouble sleeping due to dental problems. Conclusions: Approximately one-third of the children declared having trouble sleeping due to dental problems. Untreated dental caries and its clinical consequences were associated with self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems in schoolchildren.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar a prevalência de problemas para dormir por motivos dentários autorrelatado e sua associação com condições orais adversas em escolares. Métodos: Estudo transversal com amostra representativa de 1589 escolares de 8 a 10 anos matriculados em escolas públicas de Florianópolis, Brasil. Os dados não clínicos incluíram um questionário sobre indicadores socioeconômicos respondidos pelos pais/cuidadores. As crianças foram questionadas se tinham problemas para dormir por motivos dentários e sobre episódios anteriores de dor de dente. Foram realizados exames clínicos orais para avaliar: cárie dentária - Índice de Dentes Cariados, Perdidos e Obturados (índice CPO-D/ceo-d) - e suas consequências clínicas (índice PUFA/pufa - presença de envolvimento pulpar (P/p); ulceração (U/u); fístula (F/f); e abscessos (A/a) e traumatismo dental (TD). Foram realizados análise descritiva e modelos ajustados de regressão logística (p<0,05; IC95%). Resultados: A prevalência de problemas para dormir por motivos dentários foi de 28%. Crianças com cárie dentária não tratada (OR 1,32; IC95% 1,05-1,67) e presença de índice PUFA/pufa (OR 1,89; IC95% 1,45-2,46) apresentaram maiores chances de relatar problemas para dormir devido a razões dentárias. Conclusões: Aproximadamente, um terço das crianças apresentou problemas para dormir devido a razões dentárias. Cárie dentária não tratada e suas consequências clínicas foram associadas a problemas autorrelatados para dormir por motivos dentários em escolares.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico
16.
Rev Paul Pediatr ; 39: e2019342, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32996996

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems and its association with oral conditions in schoolchildren. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study carried out with a representative sample of 1,589 schoolchildren aged 8-10 years enrolled in public schools from Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Non-clinical data included a questionnaire about socioeconomic indicators answered by parents/guardians. Children were questioned about whether they had trouble sleeping due to dental problems and about previous history of toothache. Clinical oral examinations were performed to evaluate dental caries - Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT/dmft index) and its clinical consequences [PUFA/pufa index: considering the presence of pulpal involvement (P/p); ulceration of tissues due to tooth fragments from decayed crowns (U/u); fistula (F/f); and abscesses (A/a), and traumatic dental injuries (TDI)]. We conducted a descriptive analysis and used adjusted logistic regression models (p<0.05; 95%CI). RESULTS: The prevalence of trouble sleeping due to dental problems was 28%. Children with untreated dental caries (OR 1.32; 95%CI 1.05-1.67) and clinical consequences from the PUFA/pufa index (OR 1.89; 95%CI 1.45-2.46) had higher chances of reporting trouble sleeping due to dental problems. CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one-third of the children declared having trouble sleeping due to dental problems. Untreated dental caries and its clinical consequences were associated with self-reported trouble sleeping due to dental problems in schoolchildren.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 18(1): 318, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of negative impacts of oral health conditions on the quality of life of quilombola and non-quilombola rural adolescents and identify associated factors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a rural area in the countryside of Bahia, Brazil, in 2015. Participants were asked to complete the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance Questionnaire. Prevalence and prevalence ratios (PR) were estimated together with their respective 95% confidence intervals. Multiple analysis was conducted using Poisson regression with robust error variance and hierarchical entry of variables. RESULTS: Of the 390 rural adolescents who took part in the study, 42.8% were quilombolas, and 45.6% of all participants reported a negative impact of their oral health conditions on their quality of life. The most prevalent impact was difficulty eating (32.6%). After adjusted analysis, the following factors were found to be associated with the negative impact of oral health conditions on quality of life: age (PR = 1.04), feeling lonely (PR = 1.42), worst evaluation of oral health (PR = 1.52), need of dental care (PR = 1.33), and occurrence of toothache in the last 6 months (PR = 1.83). Quilombolas and non-quilombolas presented with a different prevalence of discomfort when brushing their teeth and had different factors associated with the negative impact of oral health conditions on their quality of life. Both quilombola and non-quilombola rural adolescents showed a high prevalence of negative impact of oral health conditions on their quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: These results support the need for improved oral healthcare for specific populations like the quilombolas. Furthermore, the results illustrate the importance of incorporating oral healthcare strategies that take into consideration the sociocultural context of adolescents.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Estudos Transversais , /estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/epidemiologia
18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 13567, 2020 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782302

RESUMO

The Indonesian family life survey (IFLS) is used for formulating various government policies. Our preliminary study using data from the IFLS showed increase in the prevalence of toothache from 2007 to 2014. Hence, a need to analyse the factors associated with toothache using structural equation modelling (SEM) for identifying the direct and indirect association of factors with toothache was evident. The objective of this study is to analyse the complex relationships between toothache and its associated risk factors. This cross-sectional study was conducted on the data obtained from the IFLS in 2014. The IFLS data pertaining to toothache and its prevalence were analysed using the STATA software, and the multifaceted relationship was analysed using SEM. The prevalence of toothache among Indonesian children was 15.55% (1,959 of 12,595). SEM showed the direct association between toothache and age (p < 0.001) and parent awareness of children's health conditions (p < 0.005) and food consumption frequency (p < 0.001). Parents' education level and residential area showed an indirect association with toothache, mediated by socio-economic status and parent awareness of children's health conditions (p < 0.001). We identified the multifaceted relationship between toothache and the social covariates. Parents' awareness of their children's health conditions mediated several indirect associations, highlighting its importance.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Comportamento Alimentar , Pais/educação , Meio Social , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Ingestão de Energia , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Pais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/psicologia
19.
Acta Odontol Latinoam ; 33(1): 38-44, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621598

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of odontogenic infection in low-income Brazilian schoolchildren and evaluate its association with the subjective variables of oral health-related quality of life and dental pain. In this cross-sectional study, 230 schoolchildren aged eight to ten years old underwent a clinical oral survey in which the DMFT/dmft and PUFA/pufa indexes were measured. Afterward, children responded individually to the Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) and self-reports of dental pain were collected. Data were statistically analyzed using MannWhitney or Kruskal-Wallis test with a post-test by Dunn's and Pearson correlation. Of the children evaluated, 42.6% had odontogenic infection and 80% reported experiencing dental pain. Children's age (p = 0.034) and past experience of dental pain (p < 0.002) were associated with odontogenic sepsis, in addition to impairment of their emotional well-being (p = 0.008), social welfare (p = 0.009) and overall impact on quality of life (p = 0.019). Toothache intensity (p < 0.001), frequency (p < 0.001) and duration (p < 0.001) were correlated to the overall impact on children's quality of life. The prevalence of odontogenic infection remains high among low-income Brazilian schoolchildren. Pediatric infection and its related pain induce not only various biological disorders but also impair children's self-perception of quality of life.


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência de infecção odontogênica em crianças escolares brasileiras de baixa renda e analisar a sua associação com as variáveis subjetivas da autopercepção de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal e dor dentária. Neste estudo transversal, 230 crianças escolares com 8 a 10 anos de idade realizaram exame clínico bucal no qual os índices CPO-D/ceo-d e PUFA/pufa foram mensurados. Com isso, as crianças responderam individualmente ao Child Perceptions Questionnaire (CPQ8-10) e relatos de dor dentária foram coletados. Os dados foram estatisticamente analisados utilizando-se o teste Mann-Whitney ou Kruskal-Wallis, com posterior teste da correlação de Dunn e Pearson. Dentre as crianças examinadas, 42,6% apresentavam infecção odontogênica e 80% reportou experiência de dor dentária. A idade (p=0,034) e experiência de dor dentária (p<0,002) das crianças foram associadas à infecção odontogênica, bem como o seu bem-estar emocional (p=0,008) e social (p=0,009) e impacto geral na qualidade de vida (p=0,019). Além disso, a intensidade (p<0,001), frequência (p<0,001) e duração (p<0,001) da odontalgia foram correlacionadas com o impacto geral na qualidade de vida da criança. A prevalência de infecção odontogênica permanece elevada em crianças escolares brasileiras. Infecção pediátrica e sua dor relacionada induzem não apenas diversas desordens biológicas, mas também afetam negativamente a auto-percepção de qualidade de vida das crianças.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Infecções/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/etiologia , Saúde Bucal , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontalgia/psicologia
20.
Aust Dent J ; 65 Suppl 1: S59-S66, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper examines oral health impacts of toothache experience, self-rated oral health (SROH), being uncomfortable with dental appearance, and avoiding foods in the Australian adult population. METHODS: The explanatory variables include age, sex, region, income, area-based SES, dental insurance and visiting pattern. The data were collected in the interview in NSAOH 2017-18. RESULTS: There were lower percentages with: toothache in the highest (14.8%) than middle (21.2%) and lower income tertiles (25.2%); fair/poor SROH in the highest (15.8%) than middle (24.1%) and lower tertiles (34.8%); uncomfortable with appearance in the highest (29.1%) than middle (35.3%) and lower tertiles (42.2%); and food avoidance in the higher (15.3%) than middle (22.9%) and lower tertiles (34.4%). There were higher percentages with: toothache in the unfavourable (32.2%) than intermediate (23.1%) and favourable (11.7%) visiting groups; fair/poor SROH in the unfavourable (44.0%) than intermediate (27.4%) or favourable (10.2%) groups; being uncomfortable about appearance in the unfavourable (47.6%) than intermediate (39.5%) or favourable (25.8%) groups; and avoiding foods in the unfavourable (34.8%) than intermediate (26.0%) or favourable (14.5%) groups. CONCLUSIONS: Socioeconomic status and dental visiting were associated with oral health impacts. Oral health impacts were worse for those with lower income and unfavourable visiting patterns.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Odontalgia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Austrália/epidemiologia , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Renda , Classe Social
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