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2.
Gerodontology ; 37(2): 110-131, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current rise in the world's geriatric population has placed additional demands on dental professionals, as the management of geriatric patients requires distinct competencies. AIM: To review and perform a content analysis of the gerodontology undergraduate curriculum worldwide. DATA SOURCES: A search was carried out in PubMed, Web of Science, ERIC and EMBASE databases for the period-July 2008 till May 2019, using MeSH terms. A search for websites of Indian universities was also done, and undergraduate curricula were screened. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: The study included articles related to the undergraduate curriculum, which contained training in geriatric dentistry. Articles in foreign languages and those related to dental hygienists were excluded. RESULTS: A total of 218 articles were obtained, of which 19 met the inclusion criteria. A total of 301 colleges taught gerodontology. Amongst them, 50 colleges had a gerodontology department. Clinical training and outreach experience were provided in 175 and 73 colleges, respectively. There are no reports on the status of gerodontology in Asian countries (excluding Japan). In India, gerodontology is not taught as a separate subject. However, few gerodontology-related topics are covered in clinical subjects. CONCLUSIONS: There seems to be a wide variation in the content of gerodontology curriculum taught worldwide. Other than the European and American regions, gerodontology is yet to develop in other parts of the world. In India, a robust training programme is required to address the lack of dental care providers for the geriatric population using guidelines established by ECG and ADEA.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Odontologia Geriátrica , Idoso , Currículo , Humanos , Índia , Japão , Estados Unidos
3.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(2,supl): 1-7, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1100187

RESUMO

Older adults may face many barriers when accessing oral health care. The most vulnerable groups are people living in long term care institutions and the homebound. These barriers are related but not limited to socio-economic issues, medical and oral health problems. Some socio-economic problems are lack of finances, absence of dental insurance, lack of social support networks, and being institutionalized. Some general health problems are multiple co-morbidities, polypharmacy, dementia, and reduced autonomy. Some oral health problems are having heavily restored dentitions, dry mouth, root caries, and inability to maintain adequate oral hygiene independently. In addition to these existing barriers, many new barriers have arisen which are expected to further reduce access to oral health care for older adults due to the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Older adults are at greater risk of fatal outcomes from COVID-19 infection and many dental procedures have an increased risk of creating aerosols, thereby spreading COVID-19 infection. Consequently, older adults due to fear are less likely to seek or receive oral health care until a treatment or vaccine is developed for COVID-19 infections. In this article, the authors discuss the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic to the practice of geriatric dentistry, and what is expected to be the "new normal" in this field of dentistry (AU)


Os idosos geralmente enfrentam muitas barreiras para acessar os serviços de saúde bucal. Os grupos mais vulneráveis são formados por pessoas que vivem em instituições de longa permanência ou estão restritos às suas casas. Essas barreiras estão relacionadas, entre outras, a questões socioeconômicas e problemas de saúde geral e oral. Alguns problemas socioeconômicos são: problemas financeiros, falta de convênio odontológico, falta de redes de apoio social e institucionalização. Alguns problemas gerais de saúde são: múltiplas comorbidades, polifarmácia, demência e autonomia reduzida. Alguns problemas de saúde bucal são: dentição muito restaurada, boca seca, cárie radicular e incapacidade de manter uma higiene bucal adequada de forma independente. Além das barreiras já existentes, devido ao surgimento da pandemia de COVID-19 surgiram novas barreiras que deverão reduzir ainda mais o acesso aos cuidados de saúde bucal para idosos. Idosos correm maior risco de complicações fatais da COVID-19 e muitos procedimentos odontológicos têm um risco aumentado de gerar aerossóis, espalhando assim a COVID-19. Consequentemente, os idosos têm menor probabilidade de procurar ou receber cuidados de saúde bucal devido ao medo, até que um tratamento ou vacina seja desenvolvido para a COVID-19. Neste artigo, os autores discutem as implicações da pandemia de COVID-19 na prática da odontologia geriátrica e o que se espera ser o "novo normal" nesse campo da Odontologia.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Saúde Bucal , Infecções por Coronavirus , Betacoronavirus , Odontologia Geriátrica
4.
Gerodontology ; 36(2): 180-187, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to qualitatively analyse undergraduate geriatric dentistry (GD) teaching characteristics identified by geriatric dentistry teachers and senior students in five South American countries. BACKGROUND: GD involves the knowledge and skills required to provide oral health care for older people. METHODS: Exploratory-descriptive research with a qualitative approach developed in the undergraduate context of public universities in Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Peru. Nine dental schools were intentionally selected. The participants were GD module teachers (20) and their senior students (30). Data were collected through open interviews via Skype® conducted between May and August 2015 and were analysed using a content analysis technique with ATLAS.ti® software, resulting in four categories. RESULTS: GD modules are theoretical or a theoretical-practical mix. Most teachers are prosthodontists without specific training in GD. Their motivations to teach GD are related to personal, family, professional and social reasons. Humanity, sensitivity and knowledge of older people are considered fundamental characteristics of a GD teacher. CONCLUSIONS: Students' first contact with an older person usually occurs during clinical activities. The participants mentioned insufficient hours for GD modules in the curricula and exclusively theoretical modules that do not allow students to learn typical specificities of older people. In the context of this study, the undergraduate GD teaching-learning process presented some weaknesses regarding educational methods, professor training and the interaction between older people and students. Diversification of learning scenarios and GD professor training are highly recommended.


Assuntos
Currículo , Odontologia Geriátrica , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina , Brasil , Chile , Humanos , Estudantes
5.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 22(5): e190045, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057869

RESUMO

Abstract Objectives : To evaluate the functional and physiological structures of the stomatognathic system of the oral cavity of older adults based on self-perception, comparing the same with a professional clinical evaluation, and investigating the difficulties encountered when chewing. Method : An analytical cross-sectional study with a quantitative approach was conducted with a sample of 53 older adults aged 60 to 90 years. A protocol consisting of three questionnaires was used: a sociodemographic evaluation, a self-perception based interview with 19 questions on the chewing of the older adults and a clinical evaluation containing 30 questions covering aspects of the oral cavity tissue. The self-perception and clinical evaluation scores were compared using the Mann-Whitney test and the proportions observed for each item were compared by the binomial test. Results : It was found that the self-perception of older adults did not correspond to the result of the clinical evaluation. While 31 (58.5%) reported satisfaction with chewing, 16 (30.2%) had high/very high impairment and 14(26.4%) moderate impairment, based on the results of the clinical evaluation found. Conclusion : It was found that the chewing analysis process cannot be exclusively based on the answers provided by the older adults, and assessment proved to be more accurate when combined with a clinical evaluation performed by a professional.


Resumo Objetivos : Avaliar as estruturas funcionais e fisiológicas do sistema estomatognático da cavidade bucal dos idosos diante da autopercepção, comparando-as com a avaliação clínica profissional e investigar as dificuldades encontradas para realizar sua mastigação. Método : Estudo transversal analítico de abordagem quantitativa, realizado com uma amostra de 53 idosos, idade entre 60 e 90 anos. Foi utilizado um protocolo constituído de três questionários: uma avaliação sociodemográfica, uma entrevista de autopercepção com 19 quesitos da mastigação do idoso e uma avaliação clínica contendo 30 quesitos abrangendo os aspectos teciduais da cavidade bucal. Os escores da autopercepção e da avaliação clínica foram comparados pelo teste de Mann-Whitney e as proporções observadas para cada item pelo teste binomial. Resultados : Constatou-se que a autopercepção relatada pelos idosos não correspondeu ao resultado da avaliação clínica. Enquanto 31 (58,5%) relataram satisfação com a mastigação, 16 (30,2%) possuíam comprometimento alto/muito alto e 14 (26,4%) comprometimento moderado. Conclusão : Evidenciou-se que o processo de análise da mastigação não pode ser realizado exclusivamente pelas respostas prestadas pelo idoso, sendo mais adequado quando se adiciona a etapa da avaliação clínica feita por um profissional.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoimagem , Sistema Estomatognático , Brasil , Saúde Bucal , Odontologia Geriátrica , Mastigação
7.
Indian J Dent Res ; 29(5): 562-567, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30409933

RESUMO

Introduction: The prevalence of malnutrition increases with old age, especially in developing countries like India, and it is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality, because of many factors out of which dentate status is one. Aim and Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate and determine the effect of nutritional status and dietary intake on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) of elderly edentulous complete denture-wearing patients and to know whether elderly complete denture wearers have a higher risk of malnutrition. The objective was to assess the need to include dietary and nutritional counseling during prosthodontic rehabilitation of elderly edentulous patients. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 200 elderly denture-wearing patients above 60 years of age from Nagpur, Maharashtra. Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) questionnaire was used to assess nutritional status, and Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) questionnaire was used to determine the OHRQOL of these patients. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data using SPSS version 21 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). Results: Among the assessed participants, nearly 95% of them had total scores of GOHAI between 12 and 57 which require "needed dental care." As per MNA, 10.5% had adequate nutrition, 70% were at risk of malnutrition, and remaining 19.5% of participants were malnourished. There was a significant correlation between GOHAI and MNA scores. Conclusion: Low nutritional status was associated with the poor OHRQOL among the elderly. A strong association was found between mean GOHAI and MNA scores and thereby nutritional status and OHRQOL. The use of conventional dentures increases the risk of malnutrition in the elderly due to inability to eat and chew food properly. Dietary analysis and counseling should be strictly incorporated into geriatric treatment planning during prosthetic rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Prótese Total , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/prevenção & controle , Boca Edêntula , Estado Nutricional , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Odontologia Geriátrica , Humanos , Índia , Masculino , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Boca Edêntula/complicações , Boca Edêntula/reabilitação , Avaliação Nutricional , Prostodontia , Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Rev. estomat. salud ; 26(1): 8-9, 20180901.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-916046

RESUMO

Currently, it has been observed a growing number of publications in all fields of Dentistry. These publications act as scientific evidence, as well as a basis for clinical decision-making in dental care routine. It is important to note that the results and conclusions in articles are based on the p-value that is a purely probabilistic and statistical parameter, and it assists the researcher to accept or reject the null hypothesis being tested. The p-value was proposed by Fisher in 1925, and in Dentistry, it is usual to adopt the p-value stated in 0.05.1 In practical terms, when a statistical test results in p-value less than 0.05, the null hypothesis must be rejected (equality between groups), assuming that there is a difference between the assessed groups.2 In other words, p<0.05 indicates statistically significant difference between groups. Under a critical look, the researcher and reader should keep in mind that a statistical difference is not always reflecting a true clinical importance. In addition, a lack of statistical significance does not necessarily relate to the absence of clinical significance. The clinical importance is far beyond statistical calculations based on the p-value.3 A study presents clinical importance when the one being tested presents clinical effect capable to change the behavior of the dentist in daily routine. This judgment should be done by the researcher based on the results of his/her research, clinical experience and actual knowledge. In addition, estimates of effect sizes should be presented. This facilitates assessment of how large or small the observed effect could actually be in the population of interest, and hence how clinically important it could be. Kassab et al. (2006)4 compared periodontal parameters in groups with and without chemical biomodifciation of the root prior surgical coverage in cases of gingival recession. The group, that used edetic acid, statistically improved the periodontal parameters in relation to the group without surface biomodification. However, this difference was imperceptible to both dentist and patient. That is, the clinical result of root coverage will be the same when using or not acid biomodification of the root. In other words, there was not an important clinical effect of this step, although there was a significant difference. In the above example, it is clear that just because a statistic test is significant doesn't mean the effect it measures is significant or clinically important. Then, researchers


Assuntos
Humanos , Editorial , Odontologia , Ortodontia , Periodontia , Prostodontia , Cirurgia Bucal , Bioestatística , Probabilidade , Epidemiologia e Bioestatística , Odontopediatria , Estatística , Endodontia , Odontologia Geriátrica
9.
Gerodontology ; 35(4): 290-304, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30129220

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To examine the current knowledge on oral health status and dental care of older persons through a systematic mapping of systematic reviews of low or moderate risk of bias. BACKGROUND: Geriatric dentistry covers all aspects of oral health and oral care of older persons. Oral health is part of general health and contributes to a person's physical, psychological and social wellbeing. METHODS: A literature search was performed in three different databases (PubMed, The Cochrane Library and Cinahl) within 12 domains: Dental caries, periodontitis, Orofacial pain and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain, mucosal lesions, oral motor function, dry mouth, halitosis, interaction between oral status and other medical conditions, ability to interrelate and communicate, quality of life, ethics and organisation of dental care for older persons. Systematic reviews were identified and scrutinised, highlighting scientific knowledge and knowledge gaps. RESULTS: We included 32 systematic reviews of which 14 were judged to be of low/moderate risk of bias. Most of the domains lack systematic reviews with low or moderate risk of bias. In two of the domains evidence was identified; in institutionalised people aged 65 or older, effective oral hygiene can prevent pneumonia. Furthermore, there is an evidence of a relationship between malnutrition (protein energy-related malnutrition, PEM) and poor appetite and edentulousness. CONCLUSIONS: There is an urgent need for further research and evidence-based knowledge within most domains in geriatric dentistry and in other fields related to oral health and dental care for older persons striving for multi-disciplinary research programmes.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Odontologia Geriátrica , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
10.
Rev. ciênc. méd., (Campinas) ; 27(1): 39-45, jan.-abr. 2018.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-948429

RESUMO

Este artigo tem como objetivo revisar a literatura acerca da importância da equipe multidisciplinar no cuidado e atenção à saúde bucal do idoso. Foram realizadas buscas bibliográfi cas nas seguintes bases de dados: Bireme, SciELO, LILACS, PubMed e MedLine utilizando os seguintes descritores: "Odontologia geriátrica", "Assistência integral à saúde do idoso" e "Reabilitação bucal", assim como os respectivos termos em inglês: "Geriatric dentistry", "Comprehensive health care" e "Mouth reabilitation". Foram incluídos artigos científicos em inglês e português, bem como documentos de entidades públicas nacionais e internacionais, publicados entre 2000 e 2016. Foram excluídas as teses, dissertações e estudos que não abordavam a temática principal da presente pesquisa. Como resultado, a partir da revisão de literatura realizada, verificou-se que os idosos fazem parte de um grupo populacional que apresenta, frequentemente, alterações fisiológicas e patológicas diversas, tanto relacionadas à saúde geral como à saúde bucal, podendo estar associadas ao uso crônico de medicamentos, aos hábitos de alimentação e higiene e à própria motivação do paciente. Portanto, conclui-se ser necessária uma abordagem multidisciplinar em todas as fases de atendimento do idoso, desde o diagnóstico precoce, assim como durante o planejamento e tratamento integrado, para contribuir na melhoria de sua qualidade de vida.


To review the literature about the importance of multidisciplinary teams in the care and attention for the oral health of elderly people. The following databases were searched: Bireme, SciELO, LILACS, PubMed and MedLine, using specific keywords: "Geriatric dentistry", "Comprehensive health care" and "Mouth rehabilitation". Scientific articles both in English and Portuguese were included, and documents of national and international public entities, published between 2000 and 2016. Theses, dissertations and studies that did not address the main topic of this research were excluded. From the literature review, it was verified that the elderly represent a population group that often presents a high level of physiological and pathological alterations, both related to general health and oral health, and may be associated to the chronic use of medications, dietary and hygiene habits, and the patient's own motivation. A multidisciplinary approach is required in all stages of care for elderly patients, from early diagnosis to an integrated planning and treatment, contributing to the improvement of their quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Odontologia Geriátrica , Reabilitação Bucal
11.
Gerodontology ; 35(4): 317-324, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29882364

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is growing international interest in identifying the effects of ageing on oral health and on appropriate strategies for managing oral disorders. The Japanese Society of Gerodontology (JSG), as the official representative of researchers and clinicians interested in geriatric dentistry in Japan, makes several recommendations on the concept of "oral hypofunction." AIMS: This study proposes diagnostic criteria and management strategies to reduce the risk of oral hypofunction among older people. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: We define oral hypofunction as a presentation of 7 oral signs or symptoms: oral uncleanness; oral dryness; decline in occlusal force; decline in motor function of tongue and lips; decline in tongue pressure; decline in chewing function; and decline in swallowing function. The criteria of each symptom were determined based on the data of previous studies, and oral hypofunction was diagnosed if the criteria for 3 or more signs or symptoms were met. CONCLUSIONS: We recommend that more evidence should be gathered from clinical studies and trials to clarify our diagnostic criteria and management strategies.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Odontologia Geriátrica , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Força de Mordida , Transtornos de Deglutição/diagnóstico , Humanos , Japão , Mastigação , Higiene Bucal , Sociedades Odontológicas , Xerostomia/diagnóstico
12.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 22(3): e624-e633, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29808601

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Many societies have observed a steady increase of many older adults living longer due to advancements in health and standard of living. The dental team requires specialised training in gerodontology to better prepare for the future needs of the elderly patients. It is the aim of this study to report the undergraduate students' activities and perspectives on their work experience in a geriatric residence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An anonymous online questionnaire on the theoretical and practical aspects of training was sent to students in dentistry and dental hygiene (DH) undergraduate courses. Students were also invited to discuss their experiences. Data of clinical treatment performed by the students were collected. The number of clinical hours of student exposure to patients was measured. RESULTS: Completion of the questionnaire was high (90%). Both DH and dentistry students have in excess of 100 hours/y of clinical practice. Overall students rate their experience as a positive one that enriches patients' well-being. However they identify barriers to oral health and experience challenges related to their clinical work and level of competence (Kruskal-Wallis Test P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: study participants were strongly motivated towards the management of frail older adults and cognisant of the barriers and constraints of achieving a reasonable level of oral health. Gerodontology programmes should be adaptable in order to create the appropriate environment and address socio-emotional challenges experienced by students.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação em Odontologia , Odontologia Geriátrica/educação , Higiene Bucal/educação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Emoções , Humanos , Motivação , Saúde Bucal , Preceptoria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
13.
Medisan ; 22(5)mayo 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-955032

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal de 71 adultos mayores con dispepsia funcional, atendidos en el Servicio de Gastroenterología del Policlínico Sur Asdrúbal López Vázquez de la provincia de Guantánamo, desde mayo de 2012 hasta igual mes de 2014, con el objetivo de evaluar la efectividad de la rehabilitación protésica en estos pacientes. En la serie predominaron el sexo femenino (53,7 por ciento), el grupo etario de 60-69 años (53,7 por ciento), la sensación de plenitud y la saciedad precoz como síntomas principales, así como los dientes perdidos, según el índice de mortalidad dentaria (30,4 por ciento). El tratamiento rehabilitador permitió eliminar casi el total de los síntomas encontrados, por lo cual resultó efectivo y constituye un elemento a tener en cuenta para eliminar o disminuir los síntomas en ancianos con este trastorno


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 71 elderly with functional dyspepsia, assisted in the Gastroenterology Service of Asdrúbal López Vázquez Southern Polyclinic in Guantánamo, was carried out from May, 2012 to the same month in 2014, with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of the prosthetics rehabilitation in these patients. In the series there was a prevalence of the female sex (53.7 percent), 60-69 age group (53.7 percent) and early sensation of filling as main symptoms, as well as the lost teeth, according to the dental mortality rate (30.4 percent). The rehabilitative treatment allowed to eliminate almost all the symptoms found, reason why it was effective and constitutes an element to take into account to eliminate or diminish the symptoms in elderly with this disorder


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prótese Dentária , Dispepsia/etiologia , Dispepsia/epidemiologia , Boca Edêntula/complicações , Odontologia Geriátrica
14.
Medisan ; 22(5)mayo 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-955031

RESUMO

Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y transversal, desde noviembre de 2016 hasta abril de 2017, de los 166 adultos mayores pertenecientes al consultorio médico No 20 del Policlínico Carlos Juan Finlay del municipio de Santiago de Cuba, para evaluar la presencia de enfermedades bucodentales y los factores de riesgo. Para la recolección de la información se utilizó la encuesta de salud bucal de la Organización Mundial de la Salud y la historia de salud bucal familiar. Los hábitos nocivos como la deficiente higiene bucal y la dieta cariogénica, además de las enfermedades crónicas no transmisibles, fueron los factores de riesgo más comunes en esta población, en quienes la disfunción masticatoria y la caries dental constituyeron los problemas principales


A descriptive and cross-sectional study of 166 elderly belonging to the family doctor office No 20 of Carlos J Finlay Polyclinic in the municipality of Santiago de Cuba, was carried out from November, 2016 to April, 2017, to evaluate the presence of oral-dental diseases and risk factors. The survey of oral health from the World Health Organization and the medical record of family oral health were used for gathering the information. Harmful habits as poor oral hygiene and a cariogenic diet, besides non communicable chronic diseases, were the most common risk factors in this population, for whom masticatory dysfuntion and dental decay constituted the main problems


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fatores de Risco , Odontologia Geriátrica , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Higiene Bucal , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Dieta Cariogênica/efeitos adversos
15.
Spec Care Dentist ; 38(3): 123-132, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29603314

RESUMO

PURPOSE/AIM: To summarize and discuss how geriatric dentistry has been addressed in dental schools of different countries regarding to (1) teaching students at the predoctoral level; (2) advanced training, and (3) research. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A convenience sample of faculty members from a selection of high, upper-middle and lower-middle income countries were recruited to complete the survey. The survey had 5 open-ended main topics, and asked about (1) the size of their elderly population, (2) general information about dental education; (3) the number of dental schools teaching geriatric dentistry, and their teaching methods; (4) advanced training in geriatric dentistry; (5) scholarship/research in geriatric dentistry. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) There is great variation in the size of elderly population; (2) duration of training and content of dental education curriculum varies; (3) geriatric dentistry has not been established as a standalone course in dental schools in the majority of the countries, (4) most countries, with the exception of Japan, lack adequate number of dentists trained in geriatric dentistry as well as training programs, and (5) geriatric dentistry-related research has increased in recent years in scope and content, although the majority of these papers are not in English.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia/tendências , Odontologia Geriátrica/educação , Idoso , Austrália , Brasil , Canadá , China , Currículo , Humanos , Japão , Nigéria , África do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
16.
Med. oral patol. oral cir. bucal (Internet) ; 23(2): e203-e210, mar. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-171401

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to explore the association between tooth loss and social determinants, health selfperceptions, OIDP and self-concept of dental treatment need in middle-aged adults with diabetes and hypertension. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was developed with 212 hypertensive and diabetic middle-aged adults (50-65 years). Data were collected from clinical examinations (DMFT) and a questionnaire regarding socioeconomic status, dental health assistance, self-perceptions of oral and general health, OIDP, and the self-concept of dental treatment need. Tooth loss was dichotomized considering the cutoff point of 12 (Model I) or 24 missing teeth (Model II). Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher's exact test and logistic regression (p≤0.05). Results: Tooth loss was significantly associated with variables such as last dental visit, reason for dental visit, OIDP, perception of dental treatment need, and general self-perception (Model I). Schooling, last dental visit, oral health self-perception and perception of dental treatment need were significantly associated with tooth loss in the Model II. When Model 1 and 2 were adjusted, they demonstrated that last dental visit and perception of dental treatment need were predictor variables. Conclusions: The annual dental visit and the self-concept of dental treatment need were associated with tooth loss, demonstrating that these variables reduce the tooth loss prevalence (AU)


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda de Dente/complicações , Perda de Dente/diagnóstico , Complicações do Diabetes/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/complicações , Odontologia Geriátrica/métodos , Autoimagem , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Modelos Logísticos
17.
Gerodontology ; 35(1): 11-17, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29063645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to re-examine the teaching of geriatric dentistry in the USA dental schools, to identify curriculum content and compare the findings to previous reports. METHODS: All dental schools in the United States were contacted via email with a questionnaire to assess the teaching of geriatric dentistry. Non-responding schools were sent a minimum of three reminder emails to complete the survey. A statistical analysis was performed. Descriptive statistics were conducted to profile the variables of interest. Bivariate analysis was performed to explore if any of the variables were related using Fisher's exact test, non-parametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test and the Kruskal-Wallis test. RESULTS: Fifty-six of the 67 dental schools completed the questionnaire. Geriatric dentistry was taught in all dental schools; for 92.8%, the course was compulsory. We found that 62.5% were teaching it as an independent course, 25% as an organised series of lectures and 8.9% as occasional lectures in parts of other courses. Clinically, 84.2% have some form of compulsory education in geriatric dentistry. Public schools were marginally associated with an increased interest in expanding the geriatric dentistry curriculum (P = .078). No differences were found between these variables and school location. CONCLUSIONS: Geriatric dentistry is now required in 92.8% of dental schools. The teaching of traditional topics has not changed much; however, the number of gerontological topics has increased. Clinical teaching needs to be expanded, as in only 57.1% of schools was it a requirement. The ageing imperative will require research to determine the impact of teaching on services to the geriatric community.


Assuntos
Currículo , Odontologia Geriátrica/educação , Faculdades de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Currículo/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
18.
J Dent Hyg ; 92(6): 16-23, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643000

RESUMO

Purpose: Research indicates that geriatric education continues to be inadequate across the health professions and graduates are unprepared to care for the increasing numbers of older adults. The purpose of this study was to explore dental hygiene practitioners' perspectives regarding whether their dental hygiene education prepared them to treat older adults in community and institutional settings.Methods: A qualitative phenomenological study design was utilized to conduct in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of dental hygienists currently providing care for older adult patients in alternative practice settings.Results: Fifteen dental hygienists from across the U.S. working with older patients in alternative settings, met the inclusion criteria (n=15). Common themes related to dental hygiene practice emerged from the qualitative data included: adapting patient care to alternative settings; emotional toll on the practitioner; physical challenges; outcome goals for treatment; need for hands-on clinical experience in alternative settings as dental hygiene students; and working as part of an interprofessional team.Conclusion: Participants generally agreed that they were not prepared to care for dependent older adults in alternative settings as part of their dental hygiene education. Clinical experiences working with older adults in alternative settings, as part of the dental hygiene clinical curriculum, are needed to prepare graduates to care for this growing population.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Higienistas Dentários/educação , Higienistas Dentários/psicologia , Odontologia Geriátrica/educação , Higiene Bucal/educação , Percepção , Idoso , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Currículo , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Educação em Odontologia , Humanos , Casas de Saúde , Saúde Bucal , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
19.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 22(3): e303-e311, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29148145

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: In view of the demographic shift, undergraduate dental students should be prepared for growing numbers of older people and their specific needs. The study examines changes in undergraduate dental teaching in Austria, Germany and Switzerland between 2004 and 2014. METHODS: Questionnaires were mailed in 2004, 2009 and 2014 to all deans and all department heads of Austrian (n = 4), German (n = 30) and Swiss (n = 4) dental schools. RESULTS: Response rates were 51% for deans and 47% for heads of department. Gerodontology was taught in 5 German universities, all 3 Swiss and 1 Austrian dental school. Aspects of gerodontology were included in traditional core subjects; however, in a large number of German (88%) and Austrian (50%) universities, dedicated lecture series and seminars are lacking. Changes over time indicate firmly established teaching in Switzerland, minor fluctuations in Austria and reduced dedicated teaching activities in Germany. CONCLUSIONS: Inclusion of gerodontology in the national syllabus is a decisive factor for the integration of the subject into undergraduate courses. The recommendations of the European College of Gerodontology (2009) regarding didactical and practical teaching should be implemented in the respective compulsory syllabus to prepare current undergraduate dental students for the challenges of tomorrow.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontologia Geriátrica/educação , Áustria , Alemanha , Faculdades de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suíça
20.
J Am Geriatr Soc ; 66(3): 609-613, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29266168

RESUMO

This is an expert opinion paper on oral health policy recommendations for older adults in Europe, with particular focus on frail and care-dependent persons, that the European College of Gerodontology (ECG) and the European Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) Task and Finish Group on Gerodontology has developed. Oral health in older adults is often poor. Common oral diseases such as caries, periodontal disease, denture-related conditions, hyposalivation, and oral pre- and cancerous conditions may lead to tooth loss, pain, local and systemic infection, impaired oral function, and poor quality of life. Although the majority of oral diseases can be prevented or treated, oral problems in older adults remain prevalent and largely underdiagnosed, because frail persons often do not receive routine dental care, due to a number of barriers and misconceptions. These hindrances include person-related issues, lack of professional support, and lack of effective oral health policies. Three major areas for action are identified: education for healthcare providers, health policy action plans, and citizen empowerment and involvement. A list of defined competencies in geriatric oral health for non-dental healthcare providers is suggested, as well as an oral health promotion and disease prevention protocol for residents in institutional settings. Oral health assessment should be incorporated into general health assessments, oral health care should be integrated into public healthcare coverage, and access to dental care should be ensured.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos/normas , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Geriátrica/normas , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Preventiva/normas , Idoso , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Geriatria/normas , Envelhecimento Saudável , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Bucal , Saúde Pública , Sociedades Odontológicas/estatística & dados numéricos
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