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1.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 22(3): e555-e563, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29635815

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to develop a suitable instrument for a comprehensive quantitative and qualitative assessment of perceived psychosocial impact, levels of stress and learning effect in undergraduate dental students during the transition from pre-clinical to clinical education. These findings might improve curricular structures and didactic organisation during this period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At the beginning of their first clinical year, undergraduate dental students were asked to complete an anonymous forty-item questionnaire. Two hundred and seventy-six undergraduate dental students were willing to participate and completed the questionnaire and participated during the years 2011-2016. RESULTS: The response rate was between 45% and 96%. Correlational analysis (Spearman-Rho) in the field of psychosocial impact showed the dental teacher to be the most important multiplier of students' feelings. If the students feel that their teacher acts cooperatively, positive items increase and negative items decrease significantly (P < .0001). Also, students who report high levels of stress are affected significantly in their psychosocial interaction (P < .0001). Wilcoxon test yielded highest levels of stress in endodontology during the first weeks (P < .0001). During the same period, the greatest learning increment was seen for diagnostics and caries excavation. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, teaching of undergraduate dental students during the transition period from pre-clinical to clinical education can be positively influenced by a supportive learning environment and by specific chronological modifications in the curriculum. Students should start their clinical training with diagnostics, preventive dentistry and initial periodontal treatment. Due to high levels of perceived stress, endodontology should be introduced later in the clinical curriculum.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Aprendizagem , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Ensino , Competência Clínica , Educação em Odontologia/tendências , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Endodontia/educação , Docentes de Odontologia , Humanos , Percepção , Periodontia/educação , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Dent Educ ; 81(6): 716-725, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28572418

RESUMO

Preventing oral-systemic health issues relies on evidence-based interventions across various system-level target groups. Although the use of theory- and evidence-based approaches has been encouraged in developing oral health behavior change programs, the translation of theoretical constructs and principles to behavior change interventions has not been well described. Based on a series of six systematic steps, Intervention Mapping provides a framework for effective decision making with regard to developing, implementing, and evaluating theory- and evidence-informed, system-based behavior change programs. This article describes the application of the Intervention Mapping framework to develop the EAT (evaluating, assessing, and treating) evidence-based intervention with the goal of increasing the capacity of oral health providers to engage in secondary prevention of oral-systemic issues associated with disordered eating behaviors. Examples of data and deliverables for each step are described. In addition, results from evaluation of the intervention via randomized control trial are described, with statistically significant differences observed in behavioral outcomes in the intervention group with effect sizes ranging from r=0.62 to 0.83. These results suggest that intervention mapping, via the six systematic steps, can be useful as a framework for continued development of preventive interventions.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador , Currículo , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Odontologia Baseada em Evidências , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Prevenção Secundária , Humanos , Estados Unidos
3.
Rev. ADM ; 74(2): 64-68, mar.-abr. 2017. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-869355

RESUMO

Objetivo: evaluar el grado de educación, prevención e importanciadental en caries y enfermedad periodontal en padres de familia de niños de primaria de la ciudad de León, Guanajuato. Material y métodos:En este estudio descriptivo, transversal y observacional se hizo una encuesta a 1,249 padres de familia de niños de seis diferentes escuelas primarias que constó de 18 preguntas enfocadas en la educación, prevención e importancia dental. Se estableció una comparación entre padres de familia con niños de escuelas públicas y privadas, así como entre el grado de estudios de los padres de familia con su propio grado de educación y prevención dental. Resultados: Se observó un grado moderado de prevención dental (48.04 por ciento de educación dental (49.48 por ciento), la mayoría da importancia a los dientes deciduos (87.43 por ciento); 65.89 por ciento de los padres consideró sus propios dientes como muy importantes, 8.02 por ciento, moderadamente importantes, 5.12 por ciento, poco importantes y 0.96 por ciento nada importantes. También afi rman que la salud dental tienela misma importancia que la salud sistémica (98.88 por ciento). Hubo máspadres de familia de niños de escuelas privadas en los niveles altos deprevención y educación dental que de escuelas públicas. Asimismo, seobservó que en el nivel alto de educación y prevención dental, cuantomayor era el grado de estudios de los padres de familia, mayor cantidadde ellos se encontraban en estos niveles. Conclusiones: Dado que hayun alto grado de educación dental y uno moderado de prevención, sedetectó que no se lleva a la práctica lo que se sabe, aun cuando se da gran importancia a los dientes, por lo que sería conveniente diseñar un método para asegurar que se apliquen las medidas preventivas e indagar las causas por las que se omiten.


Objective: to evaluate the level of dental education, prevention, andthe importance of caries and periodontal disease in parents of primarylevel children in the city of León, Gto. Material and methods: Inthis descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study, a surveywas applied to 1,249 parents whose children study in six diff erentprimary schools. The survey had 18 questions about dental education,prevention, and importance. A comparison was made between parentswhose children study in private and public schools and between thelevel of studies of parents in the level of dental education and dentalprevention. Results: It was found a moderate level of dental prevention(48.04%) and a high level of dental education (49.48%), almost allparents think that temporal teeth are important (87.43%); 65.89% ofthe parents considered their own teeth as «very important¼, 28.02%as «moderately important¼, 5.12% as «little important¼ and 0.96% as«no important¼. They also affi rm that dental health is as important assystemic health (98.88%). There were more parents with children fromprivate schools with high levels of dental prevention and education thanchildren from public schools. It was also observed that in the high levelof dental education and prevention, the higher the level of studies werein parents, the most of them were found in those levels. Conclusions:Due to the high level of dental education, and a moderate level ofprevention, it was observed that people don’t practice what they know,even though they think teeth are important, so it would be convenientto design a method to assure that preventive measures are done andfi nd out the reasons why they are not taking place.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Educação em Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Assistência Odontológica Integral/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistência Odontológica Integral/tendências , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , México , Estudo Observacional , Análise Estatística
4.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 15(4): e100-e112, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27313084

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Student attitudes and behaviour towards their own oral health status could reflect their understanding of the importance of oral health promotive activities. OBJECTIVES: This was a qualitative and exploratory study designed to gain a deeper understanding of the extent to which the undergraduate curriculum could act as an enabler for student oral health self-care practices. METHODS: Data collection comprised of document analysis (curriculum review) and in-depth face-to-face interviews with undergraduate dental therapy and oral health students and academic staff at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. Ten students volunteered to participate in the study while five academic staff were purposively selected. A separate interview schedule was developed for students and staff, respectively. The emergent themes from document analysis were compared to the analysed data from the interviews. RESULTS: The curriculum was underpinned by a strong foundation in prevention, and there was consensus among respondents that the curriculum met the needs for undergraduate training in preventive dentistry. The following themes emerged from data analysis: curriculum support for self-care practices; depth and scope of clinical training; role of clinical supervisors and challenges in clinical training. Respondents agreed that the curriculum could influence students' attitudes towards self-care practices such as toothbrushing and flossing but that academic responsibilities and clinical contact time placed constraints on these practices. CONCLUSION: The undergraduate curriculum does provide support for enabling student knowledge acquisition and positive attitudes, but more effort is required to enable oral health behavioural modifications among students.


Assuntos
Currículo , Educação em Odontologia , Saúde Bucal , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Autocuidado , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , África do Sul , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Pediatr Health Care ; 30(5): 480-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27554397

RESUMO

Oral health is essential to overall health at any age, although in children it is particularly important because poor oral health can have a deleterious effect on deciduous and permanent dentition. For decades, oral health providers have urged primary care providers to incorporate oral health assessment, risk factor identification, parent education, and preventive therapy into routine well-child visits. Despite recommendations from various professional associations and governmental organizations, the incidence of dental disease in young children remains relatively unchanged. Although the literature has clearly demonstrated that preventive care treatments, such as the application of fluoride varnish performed in the primary care setting, improve oral health in children, very few primary care providers include oral health services in their well-child visits. The purpose of this article is to reduce the barriers and knowledge gaps identified in recent pediatric oral health research and educate primary care nurse practitioners on the application of fluoride varnish to reduce the risk of the development of dental caries in young children.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Crianças , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Profissionais de Enfermagem Pediátrica , Odontologia Preventiva , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Cariostáticos/administração & dosagem , Pré-Escolar , Competência Clínica , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/métodos , Feminino , Fluoretos Tópicos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/educação , Profissionais de Enfermagem Pediátrica/educação , Odontologia Preventiva/educação
7.
J Dent Educ ; 80(5): 595-604, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27139211

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to define the extent to which leadership and leadership skills are taught in dental hygiene degree completion programs by comparing stand-alone leadership courses/hybrid programs with programs that infuse leadership skills throughout the curricula. The study involved a mixed-methods approach using qualitative and quantitative data. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with program directors and faculty members who teach a stand-alone leadership course, a hybrid program, or leadership-infused courses in these programs. A quantitative comparison of course syllabi determined differences in the extent of leadership content and experiences between stand-alone leadership courses and leadership-infused curricula. Of the 53 U.S. dental hygiene programs that offer degree completion programs, 49 met the inclusion criteria, and 19 programs provided course syllabi. Of the program directors and faculty members who teach a stand-alone leadership course or leadership-infused curriculum, 16 participated in the interview portion of the study. The results suggested that competencies related to leadership were not clearly defined or measurable in current teaching. Reported barriers to incorporating a stand-alone leadership course included overcrowded curricula, limited qualified faculty, and lack of resources. The findings of this study provide a synopsis of leadership content and gaps in leadership education for degree completion programs. Suggested changes included defining a need for leadership competencies and providing additional resources to educators such as courses provided by the American Dental Education Association and the American Dental Hygienists' Association.


Assuntos
Currículo , Profilaxia Dentária , Liderança , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Projetos Piloto , Autorrelato , Estados Unidos
8.
J Dent Educ ; 80(5): 605-11, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27139212

RESUMO

When mass fatality incidents (MFIs) occur, they can quickly overwhelm local, state, and government agencies, resources, and personnel. It is important to have a rapid and effective response with skilled, multidisciplinary victim identification teams since specific skill sets are necessary to participate in mass fatality preparedness and response. The aims of this study were to determine the extent of formal education related to mass fatality preparedness and response training in U.S. dental hygiene programs and to assess program directors' perceptions of the need for such training. A 23-item cross-sectional survey was emailed to 319 U.S. dental hygiene programs in 2015. Survey questions addressed if the program offered mass fatality preparedness and response training to its students and how much training was given, as well as collecting respondents' demographics and opinions regarding education and training. An overall response rate of 36% was obtained, with 111 program chairs completing the survey. The results showed that only a small percentage of responding programs incorporated coursework related to mass fatality and preparedness in their curricula. Of the responding programs, 84% had no formal instruction on the role of a dental hygienist in MFIs; however, 53 of 69 program directors agreed or strongly agreed that the role of dental hygienists in MFIs should be covered in dental hygiene curricula. The top three barriers to incorporating such training reported by respondents were time requirements, lack of faculty expertise, and lack of equipment. Future research is needed to establish standardized competencies for mass fatality preparedness and response in dental hygiene education.


Assuntos
Currículo , Profilaxia Dentária , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Estados Unidos
9.
Gerodontology ; 33(1): 11-9, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24313731

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at assessing the knowledge of oral health and training needs of health workers in geriatric nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Providing daily oral care to dependent elderly people is the best way to prevent oral disorders. Because there are no dental hygienists in France, health workers play an important role in providing oral care in nursing homes and should have correct and adequate knowledge. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Health workers from 8 geriatric nursing homes in Puy de Dôme (France) completed a 58-item questionnaire. Oral health knowledge regarding dental decay, periodontal diseases, oral hygiene and denture care was assessed. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 99 health workers took part in the study. The total mean score was significantly different if health workers had received training in oral disorders (49.3 ± 11.7 vs. 43.9 ± 10; p < 0.05) or in the maintenance of oral health (50.5 ± 10.5 vs. 42.9 ± 10; p < 0.01). The mean scores obtained in the 'dental decay' subsection and in the 'oral and denture hygiene' subsection were the lowest. CONCLUSION: Geriatric nursing home staff need training in understanding the impact of oral health on general health. Theoretical knowledge of oral diseases has to be improved in order for health workers to understand oral hygiene procedures and to help them identify early oral disorders.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica para Idosos , Enfermagem Geriátrica/educação , Pessoal de Saúde/educação , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Casas de Saúde , Saúde Bucal/educação , Adulto , Idoso , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Dentaduras , Feminino , França , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Higiene Bucal/educação , Doenças Periodontais/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Int J Dent Hyg ; 14(3): 215-9, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25727487

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study preventive care provided to young adults in relation to their estimated risk category over a 3-year period. METHODS: The amount and type of preventive treatment during 3 years was extracted from the digital dental records of 982 patients attending eight public dental clinics. The baseline caries risk assessment was carried out by the patient's regular team in four classes according to a predetermined model, and the team was responsible for all treatment decisions. Based on the variables 'oral health information', 'additional fluoride' and 'professional tooth cleaning', a cumulative score was constructed and dichotomized to 'basic prevention' and 'additional prevention'. RESULTS: More additional preventive care was provided to the patients in the 'low-risk' and 'some risk' categories than to those classified as 'high' or 'very high' risk (OR = 2.0, 95% CI 1.4-3.0; P < 0.05). Professional tooth cleaning and additional fluorides were most frequently employed in the 'low-risk' and 'some risk' categories, respectively. Around 15% of the patients in the high-risk categories did not receive additional preventive measures over the 3-year period. There was an insignificant tendency that patients with additional prevention developed less caries than those that received basic prevention in all risk categories except for the 'very high-risk' group. CONCLUSION: The caries risk assessment process was not accompanied by a corresponding targeted individual preventive care in a cohort of young adults attending public dental service. Further research is needed how to reach those with the greatest need of primary and secondary prevention.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/normas , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Registros Odontológicos , Fluoretos Tópicos , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle , Saúde Bucal/educação , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Odontologia Preventiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suécia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Dent Hyg ; 89(5): 313-20, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26519495

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Mass fatality incidents can overwhelm local, state and national resources quickly. Dental hygienists are widely distributed and have the potential to increase response teams' capacity. However, appropriate training is required. The literature is void of addressing this type of training for dental hygienists and scant in dentistry. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess one facet of such training: Whether the use of multimedia is likely to enhance educational outcomes related to mass fatality training. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, pre- and post-test design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of comparable educational modules for 2 groups: a control group (n=19) that received low media training and a treatment group (n=20) that received multimedia training. Participants were second-year, baccalaureate dental hygiene students. Study instruments included a multiple-choice examination, a clinical competency-based radiology lab scored via a standardized rubric, and an assessment of interest in mass fatality education as a specialty. ANOVA was used to analyze results. RESULTS: Participants' pre- and post-test scores and clinical competency-based radiology lab scores increased following both educational approaches. Interest in mass fatality training also increased significantly for all participants (p=0.45). There was no significant difference in pre- and post-test multiple choice scores (p=0.6455), interest (p=0.9133) or overall competency-based radiology lab scores (p=0.997) between groups. CONCLUSION: Various educational technique may be effective for mass fatality training. However, mass fatality training that incorporates multimedia is an appropriate avenue for training instruction. Continued research about multimedia's role in this specialty area is encouraged.


Assuntos
Higienistas Dentários/educação , Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/prevenção & controle , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Radiologia/educação , Estudantes de Odontologia , Competência Clínica , Instrução por Computador/métodos , Currículo , Planejamento em Desastres , Método Duplo-Cego , Avaliação Educacional , Odontologia Legal , Humanos , Multimídia
14.
J Dent Educ ; 79(11): 1265-71, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26522630

RESUMO

For children to receive needed oral health care, adequate training at both the predoctoral and postdoctoral levels of dental education is required, but previous studies have found inadequacies in predoctoral education that lead to general dentists' unwillingness to treat certain young populations. As another way of assessing predoctoral preparation, the aim of this study was to determine the perspectives of first-year residents and pediatric program directors about residents' preparedness to enter advanced education programs in pediatric dentistry. Surveys were sent to all 74 U.S. program directors and 360 first-year residents. The survey focused on procedures related to prevention, behavior management, restorative procedures, pulp therapy, sedation, and surgery, as well as treating patients funded by Medicaid and with special health care needs. Among the first-year residents, 173 surveys were returned for a 48% response rate; 61 directors returned surveys for an 82% response rate. Only half of the residents (55%) reported feeling adequately prepared for their first year in residency; less than half cited adequate preparation to place stainless steel crowns (SSCs) (42%) and perform pulpotomies (45%). Far fewer felt adequately prepared to provide treatment for children six months to three years of age, including examinations (29%), infant oral exams (27%), and children with severe caries (37%). The program directors were even less positive about the adequacy of residents' preparation. Only 17% deemed them adequately prepared to place SSCs and 13% to perform pulpotomies. Approximately half reported their first-year residents were inadequately prepared to treat very young children and children with severe caries (55% each). This study found that the perceived inadequacy of predoctoral education in pediatric dentistry was consistent at both the learner and educator levels, supporting previous studies identifying inadequacies in this area.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica/normas , Docentes de Odontologia , Internato e Residência/normas , Odontopediatria/educação , Anestesiologia/educação , Controle Comportamental , Criança , Comportamento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Sedação Consciente/normas , Coroas/normas , Assistência Odontológica para Crianças/normas , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências/normas , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Dentística Operatória/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Odontologia/normas , Endodontia/educação , Humanos , Lactente , Medicaid , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Pulpotomia/normas , Cirurgia Bucal/educação , Estados Unidos
15.
J Ir Dent Assoc ; 61(1): 40-4, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26281625

RESUMO

AIMS: To determine the self-assessed continuing professional development (CPD) needs of dental practitioners and identify how each discipline can best be served by a dental CPD programme. To set findings in the context of the available literature and contribute to the development of CPD programmes. METHOD: Topics were arranged into eight disciplines: practice management; paediatric dentistry; preventive dentistry; orthodontics; behaviour management; dentistry for people with a disability; oral medicine and surgery; and, restorative dentistry. A web-based questionnaire was constructed and administered using a MarkClass 2.21 online survey tool. RESULTS: Fifty-six self-reported assessment responses were received, with three-quarters of participants having graduated within the past 10 years. Topics in oral medicine and surgery attracted consistently high levels of interest. A tendency to favour topics with a perceived direct clinical application was observed. Topics recommended by the Dental Council as core areas for CPD were given a high level of priority by respondents. CONCLUSIONS: Traditional lectures remain a valued mode of CPD participation. Practical courses were valued across all dental topics offered. A varied approach to determining the requirements of dentists is essential to appropriately support the practitioner.


Assuntos
Odontólogos , Educação Continuada em Odontologia , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Controle Comportamental/métodos , Assistência Odontológica para Pessoas com Deficiências , Dentística Operatória/educação , Humanos , Irlanda , Medicina Bucal/educação , Ortodontia/educação , Odontopediatria/educação , Projetos Piloto , Administração da Prática Odontológica , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Cirurgia Bucal/educação , Ensino/métodos
16.
J Physician Assist Educ ; 26(2): 60-9, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25933012

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to describe inclusion of didactic and clinical instruction in oral health in physician assistant (PA) education programs in 2014. A previous study in 2008 found that PA education program directors generally understood the importance of teaching about the linkage of oral health with systemic health; yet, few programs had actually integrated oral health instruction into the PA curriculum. This study was undertaken to ascertain the number of PA programs teaching oral health topics and to evaluate the content of instruction and implementation strategies. METHODS: The study used a Web-based survey using a skip logic design that branched respondents based on inclusion or the absence of an oral health curriculum in the PA education program. The questions included predefined response options with the opportunity for narrative responses and comments. Analysis of survey data was completed using SPSS (IBM) and SAS (SAS Institute, Inc) and consisted mainly of frequencies and cross tabulations. RESULTS: There was greater inclusion of oral health curriculum in 2014 than in 2008 with most PA programs now providing didactic and clinical training in oral health. Stakeholders' efforts to engage PA program faculty with integration of oral health subject matter into core curriculum have resulted in wider availability of training for PA students in oral health promotion and prevention services. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to equip PA faculty to teach oral health topics and clinical skills should continue as past efforts have resulted in wider integration of oral health subject matter into core PA curriculum.


Assuntos
Currículo , Saúde Bucal/educação , Assistentes Médicos/educação , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Internet , Relações Interprofissionais , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/terapia , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos
17.
J Dent Educ ; 79(5): 523-9, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25941145

RESUMO

The intent of the redesign of the clinical component of the Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM) curriculum from a traditional numerical procedures-based system to a patient-based comprehensive care system was to improve both patient care and student learning. The aim of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the outcomes of and students' perspectives on this patient-centered comprehensive care model introduced in 2009. Data were obtained from the school's Office of Dental Education for a study sample consisting of 205 fourth-year dental students in the graduating classes of 2009 through 2014 at HSDM. The results showed that students were completing more than the required number of comprehensive patient cases on average. A survey given to the Class of 2014 found that the respondents (35 of 36 students) were generally satisfied with the new curriculum and the clinical experience in relation to continuation of care and perceptions of comprehensive care. The results of this study suggest that the redesigned patient-centered assessment model of the clinical component of the curriculum helped improve patient care and student learning.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica Integral , Educação em Odontologia , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Boston , Estudos de Coortes , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Currículo , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Dentística Operatória/educação , Prótese Total , Revestimento de Dentadura , Prótese Parcial Removível , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Satisfação Pessoal , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Prostodontia/educação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Faculdades de Odontologia , Autoimagem , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Ensino/métodos
18.
J Dent Educ ; 79(5): 584-91, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25941152

RESUMO

Dental diseases are a major burden on health; however, they are largely preventable. Dental treatment alone will not eradicate dental disease with a shift to prevention required. Prevention of dental diseases is a role of dental professionals, with most countries having formalized health promotion competencies for dental and oral health graduates. In spite of this, there may be minimal health promotion being undertaken in clinical practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to conduct a scoping review to identify some published studies on health promotion training in dental and oral health degrees. Key search terms were developed and used to search selected databases, which identified 84 articles. Four articles met the inclusion/exclusion criteria and were included in the review. Of these studies, the type of oral health promotion tasks and instructions received before the tasks varied. However, for all studies the health promotion content was focused on health education. In terms of evaluation of outcomes, only two studies evaluated the health promotion content using student reflections. More good-quality information on health promotions training is needed to inform practice.


Assuntos
Auxiliares de Odontologia/educação , Educação em Odontologia , Promoção da Saúde , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação em Saúde Bucal , Humanos , Odontologia Preventiva/educação
19.
Br Dent J ; 218(1): 25-8, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25571821

RESUMO

Prevention is a core element of routine dental practice. However, members of the dental team often lack the required knowledge and skills to deliver effective evidence-based advice and support to patients. This paper describes the development and delivery of an innovative course designed to develop the preventive capacity of dental teams working in dental foundation training practices across London. The course contents were based upon national guidelines on evidence-based preventive care delivered in primary dental care settings (Delivering better oral health). An experienced team of trainers from diverse backgrounds successfully designed and delivered the courses and the initial feedback from participants indicate strong support for the approach developed.


Assuntos
Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Currículo , Humanos , Londres , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
20.
Eur J Dent Educ ; 19(2): 81-6, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25040313

RESUMO

In today's dental school curricula, an increasing amount of time is dedicated to technological advances, and preventive dentistry topics may not be adequately addressed. Freshman (D1) students participated in a new Introduction to Preventive Dentistry course, which consisted of didactic lectures, active learning breakout sessions and case-based studies. The goal of this study was to determine if D1 dental students completing the course had a better knowledge and comfort level with basic preventive dentistry concepts and caries risk assessment than the upcoming graduating senior dental students. Following the completion of the course, D1 students were administered a survey that assessed their comfort level describing preventive dentistry topics to patients. This was immediately followed by an unannounced examination over the same topics. Senior (D4) students, who had not taken a formal course, reported statistically significant higher comfort levels than D1 students. However, the D4s scored significantly lower in all of the examination areas than the D1 students. Higher scores in D1s may have been due to recent exposure to the course material. However, the basic nature of the content-specific questions should be easily answered by novice practitioners educating their patients on oral disease prevention. As the current data shows lower content-specific scores of basic preventive dentistry knowledge amongst graduating D4 students, this may indicate a need for more guidance and education of students during the patient care. This study showed that implementation of a formalised course for D1 students can successfully ameliorate deficiencies in knowledge of preventive dentistry topics.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia/organização & administração , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Odontologia Preventiva/educação , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Kentucky , Masculino
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