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Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(1): 1-3, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588198
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(1): 11-17, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588202


Since the introduction of artificial intelligence (AI) in 1956 by John McCarthy, the field has propelled medicine, optimized efficiency, and led to technological breakthroughs in clinical care. As an important frontier in healthcare, AI has implications on every subspecialty within medicine. This review highlights the applications of AI in ophthalmology: a specialty that lends itself well to the integration of computer algorithms due to the high volume of digital imaging, data, and objective metrics such as central retinal thickness. The focus of this review is the use of AI in retina, cornea, anterior segment, and pediatrics.

Inteligência Artificial , Oftalmologia , Humanos , Criança , Oftalmologia/métodos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos , Atenção à Saúde/métodos
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 71(1): 268-274, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36588248


Purpose: Inadequacy of trained human resources is a critical challenge for eye-care delivery worldwide. Recognizing this, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Agency for Prevention of Blindness had identified the development of human resources as one of the focal areas in the global initiative "Vision 2020: The Right to Sight." The global action plan of the WHO also emphasized the need for trained workforce for ensuring comprehensive eye-care services. We aimed to present the uptake pattern of training programs offered at a high-volume training institute in India. Methods: We did a retrospective analysis of data related to training programs conducted between 2000 and 2019. Trainees included ophthalmologists, allied ophthalmic personnel, and eye-care management professionals from all over the world. We analyzed the overall growth over the 20 years in the WHO regions. The uptake patterns were also analyzed across four segments of 5-year-periods by the type of training. Results: Overall, 9091 trainees from 118 countries attended training in over 40 courses that included long- and short-term clinical training for ophthalmologists (54.2%) and short-term training for eye-care managers (29.5%), allied ophthalmic personnel (6.2%), and eye-care technicians (10.2%). The majority of the trainees (81.3%) came from the Southeast Asian region, of which 87.4% were from India. Most (98.3%) of the trainees belonged to developing countries. We found an overall average growth of 4.8% in the training uptake across the four 5-year segments over the 20 years. Conclusion: Comparatively better representation of trainees from the developing countries is encouraging as the prevalence of blindness and visual impairment is higher in those countries, warranting improved eye-care delivery. Given the strong influence of distance and associated costs of accessing training, the development of similar institutes in other regions might help enhance the global efforts to eliminate needless blindness.

Oftalmopatias , Oftalmologia , Humanos , Oftalmologia/educação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Olho , Cegueira/prevenção & controle
J Fr Ophtalmol ; 46(1): 1, 2023 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36623911

Oftalmologia , Humanos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36626210


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: A retrospective, noninterventional cohort study of the American Academy of Ophthalmology IRIS Registry, an electronic health record (EHR)-based comprehensive eye disease and condition registry, intended to assess whether the IRIS® Registry (Intelligent Research in Sight) could emulate the VIEW randomized clinical trials (VIEW RCTs) eligibility criteria, treatment protocol regimen, and primary endpoint. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Deidentified patients having an anti-VEGF injection of aflibercept or ranibizumab between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2018, from the IRIS Registry. Patients were treated in accordance with one of three treatment regimens from the VIEW RCT: monthly intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI 2Q4), intravitreal aflibercept every 2 months after 3 initial monthly doses (IAI 2Q8), or monthly ranibizumab (RQ4) injection. The main outcome measures are the number and proportion of patients meeting VIEW RCT eligibility and treatment group criteria, demographic, and clinical differences between IRIS Registry treatment groups, mean change in best documented visual acuity at one year, and evaluation of the primary endpoint of the VIEW RCT: difference in the proportion of patients maintaining vision. RESULTS: Among the 90,900 patients who met VIEW RCT eligibility criteria, 4,457 (4.85%) met treatment group criteria. The percentage of patients maintaining vision at one year was over 90%. No statistically significant difference was observed when comparing the proportion of patients maintaining vision among the RQ4 treatment group to the IAI 2Q4 or IAI 2Q8 treatment group. CONCLUSIONS: A small percentage of real-world patients met VIEW RCT study eligibility criteria and treatment protocol regimen. Among patients meeting all available criteria, the primary endpoint interpretation yielded by an observational EHR-based dataset suggested comparable results to the VIEW RCT. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina 2023;54:6-14.].

Oftalmologia , Ranibizumab , Humanos , Ranibizumab/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Angiogênese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Injeções Intravítreas , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Resultado do Tratamento
BMC Ophthalmol ; 23(1): 15, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36627584


BACKGROUND: This study attempted to illustrate the demographic of inpatient eye careservice from 1997 to 2011 in Taiwan, and also the ophthalmic disease landscape and utilization change over time. These insights might apply to resource allocation planning and trainees' better understandings of ophthalmic inpatient practice. METHODS: This study utilized Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD). Admission records of eye service that occurred since 1997 and until 2011 were included. Records were separated into operative and non-operative. The records were further divided according to their time: a group of early time before 2006 and a late one after 2006. RESULTS: Patients' mean age were 56 and 44 years for operative and non-operative records. The sex ratio (male to female) was 1.3, and the average of admission duration was 4 days. The average spending was around 1000 United State Dollars per admission and a gradually upgoing trend was also noted. The number of inpatient eye services decreased over time, from 3,248 to 2,174 in the studied period. Cases admitted for operation primarily underwent cataract surgery, vitrectomy, and scleral buckling during the studied period. Trabeculectomy emerged as another major indication of admission during the later time. Cases admitted for non-operative management were primarily corneal ulcer, glaucoma, and infection, including orbital cellulitis and lid abscess. Corneal ulcers made up a major proportion of admission records in the non-operative group during both periods. CONCLUSIONS: This study described the demographics of inpatient eye service in Taiwan. Ophthalmologist, especially trainees, and officials could make better policies according to the presented results in this study.

Úlcera da Córnea , Glaucoma , Oftalmologia , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Pacientes Internados , Hospitalização
Sci Rep ; 13(1): 1329, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36693891


The Korean Intermittent Exotropia Multicenter Study (KIEMS) was a retrospective, cross-sectional and multicenter study for the investigation of intermittent exotropia involved 65 strabismus specialists from 53 institutions in Korea. Purpose of this study was to present ophthalmologic findings of intermittent exotropia from the KIEMS. Consecutive patients with intermittent exotropia of ≥ 8 prism diopters (PD) at distance or near fixation were included. Best-corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction data, angles of deviation at several cardinal positions, ocular dominance, fusion control, oblique muscle function, and binocular sensory outcomes were collected. A total of 5385 participants (2793 females; age 8.2 years) were included. Non-dominant eye was more myopic than the dominant eye (- 0.60 vs. - 0.47 diopters, P < 0.001). Mean exodeviation angles were 23.5 PD at distance and 25.0 PD at near fixation. Basic type (86.2%) was the most, followed by convergence insufficiency (9.4%) and divergence excess (4.4%) types. Alternating ocular dominance and good fusion control were more common at near than at distance fixation. Good stereopsis at 40 cm was observed in 49.3% in Titmus stereo test (≤ 60 arcsec) and in 71.0% in Randot stereo test (≤ 63 arcsec). Intermittent exotropia was mostly diagnosed in childhood and patients with the condition showed relatively good binocular functions. This study may provide objective findings of intermittent exotropia in a most reliable way, given that the study included a large study population and investigated comprehensive ophthalmology examinations.

Exotropia , Oftalmologia , Feminino , Humanos , Criança , Exotropia/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos , Visão Binocular/fisiologia
Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep ; 23(2): 15-23, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36609726


PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Neuro-ophthalmologists rapidly adopted telehealth during the COVID-19 pandemic to minimize disruption to patient care. This article reviews recent research on tele-neuro-ophthalmology adoption, current limitations, and potential use beyond the pandemic. The review considers how digital transformation, including machine learning and augmented reality, may be applied to future iterations of tele-neuro-ophthalmology. RECENT FINDINGS: Telehealth utilization has been sustained among neuro-ophthalmologists throughout the pandemic. Adoption of tele-neuro-ophthalmology may provide solutions to subspecialty workforce shortage, patient access, physician wellness, and trainee educational needs within the field of neuro-ophthalmology. Digital transformation technologies have the potential to augment tele-neuro-ophthalmology care delivery by providing automated workflow solutions, home-based visual testing and therapies, and trainee education via simulators. Tele-neuro-ophthalmology use has and will continue beyond the COVID-19 pandemic. Digital transformation technologies, when applied to telehealth, will drive and revolutionize the next phase of tele-neuro-ophthalmology adoption and use in the years to come.

COVID-19 , Neurologia , Oftalmologia , Telemedicina , Humanos , Pandemias , Oftalmologia/educação
JAMA Ophthalmol ; 141(1): 8, 2023 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36656293
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674014


Health teams in primary care play a key role in the eye health of users as they understand that early identification of any visual change can result in satisfactory outcomes and better prognoses, preventing damage that is often irreversible to health. Building an ophthalmological calendar for the therapeutic follow-up of glaucoma in the elderly, this is a methodological study, as the process of constructing the calendar's content followed the Raymundo theoretical framework. The calendar was built in the following steps: bibliographic survey, content development, transformation of the language of scientific information into easy-to-understand expressions, creation and production of illustrations of the first draft, evaluation of the first draft made by the examining board, diagramming and presentation of the product. The construction of the calendar covers a specific theme for the elderly with glaucoma, which emphasizes the need to invest more in the inclusion of new technologies that will provide greater effectiveness and adherence of the user and the health team for the management of comprehensive care. The implementation of the produced calendar will allow for a better understanding and bond between the team professionals and the user and, consequently, a better monitoring of the therapeutic process of the patient involved.

Glaucoma , Oftalmologia , Humanos , Idoso , Seguimentos , Glaucoma/terapia , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
Acta Ophthalmol ; 101(1): 7, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36683427

Oftalmologia , Humanos