Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 18.121
Filtrar
1.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 54(1): 40, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35006384

RESUMO

To study the efficacy of organic trace mineral supplementation on blood parameters, digestibility, and growth as compared to inorganic sources, 18 Zandi male lambs (with initial body weight, 28.5 ±1.4 kg and 110±5 days old) were divided into three groups of six animals in each in a completely randomized design. Lambs in the control group were fed basal diet containing 63 kg/100 kg of concentrate mixture, 22 kg/100 kg of alfalfa hay, and 15 kg/100 kg wheat straw. Animals in the experimental groups were additionally supplemented with trace minerals supplied by sulfates or a diet in which 25.7 ppm Zn, 14.3 ppm Mn, 8.9 ppm Cu from mineral-amino acid complex, and 0.86 ppm Co from Co glucoheptonate replaced with similar amounts of Zn, Mn, Cu, and Co from sulfates. All lambs were kept in individual pens with cemented floor and provision of individual feeding and watering. Lambs fed with either organic or inorganic trace mineral supplement showed higher dry matter intake and growth rate and better feed conversion efficiency (P<0.05) as compared to the control group. Blood glucose, urea nitrogen, cholesterol, and hepatic enzymes were similar among the treatments. Triglycerides (P<0.01) concentration was lower for mineral-supplemented groups. Blood vitamin B12 concentration increased with mineral supplementation and was higher for the lambs fed with organic source of trace elements as compared with those fed with inorganic mineral and the control diet (P=0.04). The results of this study showed that feeding organic trace elements improves growth performance of finishing lambs but did not affect nutrient digestibility and blood parameters.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Cobre , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Masculino , Ovinos , Zinco
2.
Environ Int ; 158: 107001, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991261

RESUMO

Residential coal combustion (RCC) emission exhibited obvious daily variation, while no real-time estimation of air pollutants from RCC has been reported, as the shortages of corresponding activity dataset and emission factors with high time resolution. A real-time monitoring platform for RCC emission was established. Hourly emission factors of 18 typed of TEs from eleven kinds of chunk coals and nine kinds of honeycomb coals burning in China were obtained. The monthly and hourly coal consumption amounts were calculated with reference and our field survey. Then the hourly TEs emission inventories from RCC were established in China. GEOS-Chem and Risk Quotients Models were utilized to map the spatialized health risks of hazardous elements, including the gridded hazard index and carcinogenic risk. The result indicated that the EFs of TEs would be underestimated if the tests only consider flaming conditions. Cu, K, Ca, Zn, and Co were the top five elements from RCC, with corresponding emission amounts as 1397.7, 1054.0, 676.0, 623.5 and 420 tons in 2017, respectively. K, Ti, Fe, Sn, and Sb showed hourly peak values under flaming dominated periods, accounting for 48.2%, 45.9%, 31.8%, 42.8%, and 33.8% of their daily emissions. Other elements (e.g., V, Co, As, Hg and Pb) exhibited higher emissions under smoldering dominated period in nighttime, accounting for 22.2%, 32.9%, 27.6%, 34.7%, and 28.4% of their daily emissions. TEs emission from RCC closely follows the habits of human daily cooking and heating activity. The national HI were lower than the acceptable level (HI ≤ 1) except Sichuan Province (up to 1.2). Higher carcinogenic risks (≥1 × 10-6) occurred in parts of Sichuan, Shanxi, Hunan and Hubei, which were up to 2.0 × 10-5. The high-resolution TEs emission inventories could be useful for future modeling works on the formation and evolution of air pollution and are helpful for human exposure assessment.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos
3.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 1): 131356, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293574

RESUMO

In this study, a double E strategy (enzymes and enhancer) characterized by high efficiency for enhancing sewage sludge anaerobic digestion (AD) is proposed. This strategy combines addition of trace elements (TEs) enhancer and enzyme pretreatment, inducing a synergistic effect on AD, and it is more effective and economical compared with TEs addition or enzyme pretreatment in isolation. When adding 400 U/g cocktail enzymes and 1.24% trance elements enhancers, the cumulative methane production and the maximum daily methane increased yield by 45.29% and 84.7%, respectively. According to microbial community analysis, the double E strategy significantly motivate the growth of acetogens and protein fermenting bacterium. The relative abundance of Fermentimonas and Lutispora increased by 6.15% and 5.4%, respectively. Archaeal community analysis and changes in the mcrA gene abundance demonstrate enrichment of hydrogenotrophic methanogens, with the methanogens exhibiting high vitalities and stress resistance. The double E strategy could be a promising way to improve industrial sewage sludge AD efficiency.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Oligoelementos , Anaerobiose , Reatores Biológicos , Metano , Esgotos
4.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150149, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583078

RESUMO

Airborne particulate matter (PM) has been associated with cardiovascular and respiratory morbidity and mortality, and there is some evidence that spatially varying metals found in PM may contribute to adverse health effects. We developed spatially refined models for PM trace elements using ordinary least squares land use regression (OLS-LUR) and machine leaning random forest land-use regression (RF-LUR). Two-week integrated measurements of PM1.0 (median aerodiameter < 1.0 µm) were collected at 50 sampling sites during fall (2010), winter (2011), and summer (2011) in the Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada. PM1.0 filters were analyzed for metals and trace elements using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. OLS- and RF-LUR models were developed for approximately 30 PM1.0 trace elements in each season. Model predictors included industrial, commercial, and institutional/ government/ military land use, roadways, shipping, other transportation sources, and wind rose information. RF generated more accurate models than OLS for most trace elements based on 5-fold cross validation. On average, summer models had the highest cross validation R2 (OLS-LUR = 0.40, RF-LUR = 0.46), while fall had the lowest (OLS-LUR = 0.27, RF-LUR = 0.31). Many OLS-LUR models displayed overprediction in the final exposure surface. In contrast, RF-LUR models did not exhibit overpredictions. Taking overpredictions and cross validation performances into account, OLS-LUR performed better than RF-LUR in roughly 20% of the seasonal trace element models. RF-LUR models provided more interpretable predictors in most cases. Seasonal predictors varied, likely due to differences in seasonal distribution of trace elements related to source activity, and meteorology.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Aprendizado de Máquina , Nova Escócia , Material Particulado/análise
5.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 4): 132366, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597638

RESUMO

The sorption mechanisms of the trace elements in bottom sediment are not fully understood. The study aim was to analyse the effect sorption capacity of bottom sediments on the content of trace elements and the bottom sediment ecotoxicity. The study found higher content of trace elements caused higher potential toxicity of bottom sediments. However, the PCA analysis indicated that ecotoxicity to Heterocypris incongruens was not related to the trace element content in the sediments. It was found that some of the physicochemical properties of bottom sediments determine the behavior of the test organism. The study revealed a strong relationships between the properties of bottom sediments and trace element sorption, which results from significant differences in the carbonate and organic matter contents. The obtained relationships showed a significant role in trace element sorption of negatively dissociating functional groups (carboxyl, phenolic, alcohol, and carbonyl groups) of Cha, Cfa, Cnh and DOC fraction and of clay minerals. Positive correlation between the metal content and the volume of ultramicropores, cryptopores and residual pores suggest that these pore groups contain reactive sites capable of effective element sorption. In contrast, larger pores turned out to be of marginal importance in trace elements sorption, probably participating only in their migration within the bottom sediment structure. An understanding of the above factors will provide comprehensive information on the fate of trace elements in aquatic systems.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Crustáceos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Metais/análise , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
6.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118402, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34695514

RESUMO

Submersed macrophytes accumulate large amounts of macro- and trace elements from the environment and, therefore, are frequently used as indicators of water pollution and tools to remove pollutants from contaminated waters. This study provides evidences that the quantity of macro- and trace elements accumulated in the macrophyte Ceratophyllum demersum depends strongly on the seasonality, on the vertical position of the plant material and on the biofilm cover. Element contents of macrophytes with and without biofilm cover and that of vertical plant sections were investigated by an ICP-MS technique in three different habitats, at the beginning and at the end of the vegetation period. Results demonstrated that the element concentrations of Ceratophyllum demersum dropped to one-half and one-eighth by the end of the summer; and the amount of certain elements in the lower part of plants were up to six times higher than in the upper and in plants with well-developed epiphytic microbial community 2-5-fold higher than in plants without biofilm. These results help in phytoremediation practice and in setting up future biomonitoring studies. When it is necessary to calculate the exact amount of elements which can be accumulated by plants in a polluted environment or should be removed from a contaminated water by harvesting macrophytes, it is of high importance to consider the month of the study, the plant parts harvested and the biofilm cover.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Biodegradação Ambiental , Biofilmes , Plantas , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
7.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt B): 118388, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34699922

RESUMO

Seafood is well recognized as a major source of Long Chain n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids (LC n-3 PUFA, especially ecosapentaenoic acid, i.e. EPA and docosaheaxaenoic acid, i.e. DHA) and essential trace elements (As, Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn). It is also a source of non-essential trace elements (Ag, Cd, Hg, Pb) that can be deleterious for health even at low concentrations. Edible parts of sixteen species (fish, cephalopods, crustaceans and bivalves) of great importance in the Pertuis Charentais region, one of the main shellfish farming and fishing areas along the french coastline, were sampled in winter and analyzed to determine their fatty acid (FA) composition and trace element concentrations. Based on these analyses, a suite of indices was calculated to estimate risk and benefit of seafood consumption: the n-6/n-3 ratio, the atherogenic index, the thrombogenic index, the EPA + DHA daily recommended portion, as well as the maximum safe consumption. The results showed that fish contributed the most to LC n-3 PUFA supply, while bivalves and crustaceans were more beneficial in essential trace elements. Whatever the species, the concentrations of non-essential elements were not limiting for seafood consumption, as important amounts of the analyzed species can be eaten daily or weekly before becoming hazardous to consumers. Yet, concentrations of Hg in dogfish and seabass can become a concern for frequent seafood consumers (>three meals a week), confirming that varying seafood items is a key point for consumers to optimize the benefits of diverse seafood resources. Considering FA composition, whiting and pilchard are the most beneficial fish species for human diet, while surmullet was the least beneficial one. However, using an index integrating the relative risk due to Hg content, the surmullet appears as one of the most beneficial. This study provides a temporal shot of the quality of marine resources consumed in winter period in the studied area and highlights the complexity of a quantitative risk and benefit assessment with respect to the biochemical attributes of selected seafood.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Oligoelementos , Animais , Peixes , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Frutos do Mar , Oligoelementos/análise
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 804: 150196, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34798738

RESUMO

One of the largest environmental disasters worldwide occurred on November 5th, 2015, when the Fundão dam collapsed in Mariana (Minas Gerais State, Southeast Brazil). The tailing mud flooded the Doce River basin and reached the sea in the coast of Espírito Santo State (ES), Southeast Brazil. This coastal region is the habitat of the most isolated population of franciscana dolphins (Pontoporia blainvillei), with the lowest populational census and lowest genetic diversity in Franciscana Management Area Ia (FMA Ia) - 18° 25'S and 21° 17'S. This study aimed to assess the bioaccumulation of trace-elements (As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, and Zn) in muscle, liver and kidney of franciscana dolphins collected near the Doce River's mouth before (n = 32) and after (n = 19) the tailing mud reached the sea. The Generalized Additive Model (GAM) showed increasing temporal trends of Hg and Zn in muscle and liver after the dam failure, probably related to higher concentrations and bioavailability in the water column and sediments from the Doce River. Declining trends were found for As and Cu muscular and hepatic concentrations and Fe concentrations in kidney due to their lower bioavailability after the disaster, caused by association with tailings mud trapped in the riverbanks and suspended particulate material. Additionally, higher As and Hg concentrations found in the first period of sampling may be due to historical contamination by mining activities. The full extent of the impacts caused by the Fundão dam failure is still unknown. However, due to their rapid increase and remobilization process, toxic effects can be induced in the biota by these elements. Elements' bioaccumulation in this study contributes to the knowledge of franciscana dolphins from FMA Ia. Considering the conservation concern regarding this franciscana population and its scarce knowledge, the impact of this disaster can be alarming for species conservation.


Assuntos
Desastres , Golfinhos , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Brasil , Monitoramento Ambiental , Mineração , Rios , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
9.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150657, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34597566

RESUMO

Since 2014, the Mexican Caribbean beaches have received massive influxes of the brown seaweed Sargassum (S. fluitans III, S. natans I and S. natans VIII), causing serious ecological and economic effects. Concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) were determined over an annual cycle in pelagic Sargassum species from massive influxes into the Mexican Caribbean. The contribution of trace elements, polysaccharides (alginate and fucoidans), and their main functional groups (uronic acids and sulfate) to arsenic content in Sargassum fluitans - the most abundant species in the Sargassum influx - is discussed. Arsenic was recorded in all samples, yielding mean concentrations of 74.2 ± 2.84 mg kg-1. Significant differences were found between species for As, Cu, Fe, and Pb, but not for Cd and Zn; also, S. fluitans showed significant differences in metal content between seasons for all elements, as well as in alginate and uronic acids from fucoidan. The season of the year, copper, iron, uronic acids, and sulfate content in fucoidan were the main variables associated with arsenic accumulation in S. fluitans as evidenced with a Generalized Linear Model. Arsenic content in Sargassum biomass exceeded the maximum allowable level in the rainy season; therefore, the content of this trace element should be carefully monitored for safe usage of Sargassum biomass.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Sargassum , Oligoelementos , Região do Caribe , Índias Ocidentais
10.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 2): 131821, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388869

RESUMO

Acute exposure to trace metals (TMs) in water is hazardous to human health. The average concentrations (Cavg.) and carcinogenic (CAR) and non-carcinogenic (non-CAR) risks of eight TMs to World Health Organization's (WHO) guidelines and national standard limits (NSLs)were determined. The Cavg. and (the range) of As, Hg, Cd, Pb, Co, Cr, Ni, and Zn were measured as 4.29 ± 0.57 µg L-1 (1.12-10.27 µg L-1), 0.22 ± 0.10 µg L-1 (ND-1.05 µg L-1), 0.31 ± 0.18 µg L-1 (ND-1.80 µg L-1), 4.66 ± 0.32 µg L-1 (0.10-14.22 µg L-1), 24.61 ± 4.65 µg L-1 (3.11-67.25 µg L-1), 16.86 ± 5.54 µg L-1 (5.12-34.61 µg L-1), 14.07 ± 4.37 µg L-1 (3.79-31.39 µg L-1), and 268.42 ± 75.82 (87.29-561.22 µg L-1), respectively. The Cavg. of Co and Hg exceeded the WHO and NSLs. The non-CAR risk assessment was used to order the TMs according to the total target hazard quotient (TTHQ) As > Pb > Cr > Co > Zn > Hg > Ni > Cd. None of the investigated age groups are at risk As there is a low Cavg of all trace metals (i.e., the THQ is > 1). The age groups were ranked based on THQ and incremental lifetime cancer risk (ILCR) As < 1 year, >1-10 years, > 11-19 years, and > + 20 years. The ILCR of As for all the age groups was >10-4, whereas for Pb it was <10-6. Cumulative carcinogenic risk (CCR) for As and Pb was at a safe threshold risk (>10-4) for all the age groups.


Assuntos
Água Potável , Mercúrio , Metais Pesados , Oligoelementos , Monitoramento Ambiental , Intoxicação por Metais Pesados , Humanos , Lactente , Metais Pesados/análise , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Medição de Risco , Oligoelementos/análise , Oligoelementos/toxicidade
11.
Chemosphere ; 287(Pt 2): 132123, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509760

RESUMO

Levels of trace metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Mn, and Zn) were measured in soft tissues and external tubes of the Mediterranean fanworm, Sabella spallanzanii (Gmelin, 1791), to evaluate its suitability as a biomonitor of metal pollution. Study was conducted in the coastal area of the eastern Adriatic Sea. Polychaetes were collected from two locations, a site located in a local marina and an unpolluted control site. Results indicate that S. spallanzanii has the capacity to accumulate metals in soft tissues as well as in tubes. The levels of most metals were considerably higher in tubes compared to soft tissues, indicating long-term accumulation of metals in tubes. High levels of several metals (Cu, Zn, Cr, Pb and Fe), found in soft tissues and tubes sampled at the marina site, reflect the elevated contaminant levels in the marina, associated with the use of antifouling agents, paints, petrol additives, and ship maintenance activities. Metal concentrations in tissues and tubes generally decreased with size, indicating the influence of growth and metabolic rates on trace metal uptake. Trace metal levels found in S. spallanzanii tissues were comparable to the levels found in Mytilus galloprovincialis, a species commonly used in biomonitoring studies, in areas exposed to similar levels of anthropogenic stressors. According to the results of the present study, S. spallanzanii has been identified as a suitable biomonitor of metal pollution due to its sedentary nature, widespread distribution, abundance and the ability to accumulate high levels of metals within its tissues and tubes.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Mytilus , Poliquetos , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Monitoramento Ambiental , Metais Pesados/análise , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 803: 149844, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525739

RESUMO

In the EU and world-wide, agriculture is in transition. Whilst we just converted conventional farming imprinted by the post-war food demand and heavy agrochemical usage into integrated and sustainable farming with optimized production, we now have to focus on even smarter agricultural management. Enhanced nutrient efficiency and resistance to pests/pathogens combined with a greener footprint will be crucial for future sustainable farming and its wider environment. Future land use must embrace efficient production and utilization of biomass for improved economic, environmental, and social outcomes, as subsumed under the EU Green Deal, including also sites that have so far been considered as marginal and excluded from production. Another frontier is to supply high-quality food and feed to increase the nutrient density of staple crops. In diets of over two-thirds of the world's population, more than one micronutrient (Fe, Zn, I or Se) is lacking. To improve nutritious values of crops, it will be necessary to combine integrated, systems-based approaches of land management with sustainable redevelopment of agriculture, including central ecosystem services, on so far neglected sites: neglected grassland, set aside land, and marginal lands, paying attention to their connectivity with natural areas. Here we need new integrative approaches which allow the application of different instruments to provide us not only with biomass of sufficient quality and quantity in a site specific manner, but also to improve soil ecological services, e.g. soil C sequestration, water quality, habitat and soil resistance to erosion, while keeping fertilization as low as possible. Such instruments may include the application of different forms of high carbon amendments, the application of macro- and microelements to improve crop performance and quality as well as a targeted manipulation of the soil microbiome. Under certain caveats, the potential of such sites can be unlocked by innovative production systems, ready for the sustainable production of crops enriched in micronutrients and providing services within a circular economy.


Assuntos
Solo , Oligoelementos , Agricultura , Produtos Agrícolas , Ecossistema
13.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 228-237, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566284

RESUMO

Organophosphate compounds are the most widely employed insecticides in countries with high agriculture activity. On average, organophosphates cause 3 million people to poison and 200 000 deaths per year due to food chain or occupational, accidental, or suicidal exposure. Our study aimed to research selenium's protective role against the toxic action of CPF, one of the most commonly used organophosphates, with an experimental model formed with rats. A total of 56 male SD rats were distributed into seven groups as follows: control (tap water), sham (corn oil), group I (5.4 mg/kg CPF), group II (13.5 mg/kg CPF), group III (3 mg/kg Se), group IV (5.4 mg/kg CPF+Se), and group V (13.5 mg/kg CPF+Se). Following 6 weeks of oral exposure, there were significant changes in AChE activity, biochemical and hematological parameters, and trace element levels in CPF-treated rats. In the high-dose CPF group, RBC values, Hb, and Hct decreased, and values of WBC, AST, ALT, ALP increased (p < 0.001) significantly compared to control, sham, and Se groups. While there was no significant change in zinc level, the copper and selenium levels were significantly higher in group IV than in control (p < 0.001) and sham (p < 0.05, p < 0.01, respectively) groups. Moreover, max. O.R.L. was found statistically more elevated in the high-dose CPF group compared to control, sham, and Se groups (p < 0.05, p < 0.05, and p < 0.01, respectively). All results indicated that Se is an antioxidant that reduces the toxic effects caused by CPF. Employing combinations of chlorpyrifos and selenium appeared greatly in restoring the harmful effects of CPF exposure.


Assuntos
Clorpirifos , Inseticidas , Selênio , Oligoelementos , Animais , Clorpirifos/toxicidade , Inseticidas/toxicidade , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Selênio/farmacologia
14.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 354-363, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33576943

RESUMO

Elements are the shared result of the erosion of rocks in the catchment area and human activities. Nutritional habits, ecological needs, heavy metal concentrations in water and sediment, duration of fishing in the aquatic environment, fishing season, and physicochemical properties of water (salinity, pH, hardness, and temperature) are among the effective factors in the accumulation of heavy metals in various fish organs. In this study, 150 specimens of Rutilus kutum were collected from the southern shores of the Caspian Sea including Astara, Anzali, and Kiashahr in Guilan Province, Farahabad in Mazandaran Province, and Bandar Torkaman in Golestan Province from December 2018 through October 2019. It is possible to predict the metal concentrations using the variables such as fish tissue, sampling region, and season. Akaike information criterion (AIC) was used to select the best regression model. We used fish muscle tissue and Anzali sampling site which were considered reference variables in the regression model. For some elements, a better model is obtained by considering all variables (AIC criterion is its lowest value). The best model obtained for Cu, Mn, and Si was only with region (as a variable). The best model obtained for Sn and Sr only concerns the region and tissue variables. The best model obtained for Sb only related to tissue variable. Using these models, environmental monitoring becomes easier and cheaper. We suggest further studies to be carried out in the shortest possible time along with the least laboratory cost.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Metais Pesados , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Mar Cáspio , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Metais Pesados/análise , Estações do Ano , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 13-26, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33611740

RESUMO

The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate whether the blood concentrations of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) are associated with those of the healthy control group in terms of trace elements including zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), magnesium (Mg), selenium (Se), and copper (Cu). A comprehensive search was performed in online databases including PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science for studies, which have addressed trace elements in MS up to July 23, 2020. The chi-square test and I2 statistic were utilized to evaluate inter-study heterogeneity across the included studies. Weighted mean differences (WMDs) and corresponding 95% CI were considered as a pooled effect size (ES). Twenty-seven articles (or 32 studies) with a total sample comprised of 2895 participants (MS patients (n = 1567) and controls (n = 1328)) were included. Pooled results using random-effects model indicated that the levels of Zn (WMD = - 7.83 mcg/dl, 95% CI = - 12.78 to - 2.87, Z = 3.09, P = 0.002), and Fe (WMD = - 13.66 mcg/dl, 95% CI = - 23.13 to - 4.19, Z = 2.83, P = 0.005) were significantly lower in MS patients than in controls. However, it was found that levels of Mn (WMD = 0.03 mcg/dl, 95% CI = 0.01 to 0.04, Z = 2.89, P = 0.004) were significantly higher in MS patients. Yet, no significant differences were observed in the levels of Mg, Se, and Cu between both groups. This meta-analysis revealed that the circulating levels of Zn and Fe were significantly lower in MS patients and that Mn level was significantly higher than those in the control group. However, it was found that there was no significant difference between MS patients and controls with regard to levels of Mg, Se, and Cu.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Selênio , Oligoelementos , Cobre , Humanos , Zinco
16.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 281-297, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624220

RESUMO

Given environmental contamination with toxic metals, diets that promote the elimination of these metals from the body of individuals, including those suffering from obesity, are urgently needed. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of supplementation with resveratrol (Res), L-carnitine (L-Car), tyrosine (Tyr), and tryptophan (Trp) on the content of trace elements in the organs of mice. DBA/2J mice and DBCB tetrahybrid mice received diets high in carbohydrate and fat supplemented with Res, L-Car, Tyr, or Trp for 65 days. In the liver, kidneys, and brain, the contents of 18 elements, including Al, As, Cu, Fe, Mn, Pb, Se, and Zn, were determined by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Res, L-Car, Tyr, and Trp had minimal or no effect on the essential elements (Fe, Mg, Cu, Zn, Se) in all organs studied. The Mn content notably increased in the organs of mice consuming L-Car and Trp. Mn accumulation was stimulated by Res in organs exclusively in DBCB mice and by Tyr exclusively in livers and brains of DBA/2J mice. Al levels were significantly reduced by L-Car and Trp in all organs of the mice, by Res in only DBCB mice, and by Tyr in only kidneys and livers of DBA/2J mice. In addition, L-Car and Trp decreased Pb accumulation in most organs of mice. Res and Tyr also inhibited Pb accumulation in some cases. Thus, the studied supplements affected the metabolism of trace elements, which may contribute to dietary treatments for obese individuals.


Assuntos
Oligoelementos , Aminoácidos Aromáticos , Animais , Carnitina/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Suplementos Nutricionais/análise , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos DBA , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Resveratrol/farmacologia
17.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 1-12, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33625659

RESUMO

Trace elements are essential nutrients for the optimal growth, development, and health of infants, and the reference intervals (RIs) from these trace elements in the blood are very important for an accurate assessment of the status of the elements. In this study, blood samples from a total of 13,446 infants (7206 boys and 6240 girls) were used, and the copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and iron (Fe) in their blood were determined using atomic absorption spectrometry. After clearing the data and removing any outliers, the gender- and age-specific RIs obtained from the Cu, Zn, Ca, Mg, and Fe in the infants' blood were established according to the principles of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) C28-A3. In the multivariable analysis, after making the relevant adjustments for the confounding factors, the age of the infants showed a significant positive correlation with the concentrations of Zn, Ca, Mg, and Fe found in the blood (p<0.01). Furthermore, there were obvious differences in the Cu, Zn, and Ca levels in the blood according to the gender of the infants (p<0.01). As infants are in the critical period of their growth and development, the gender- and age-specific RIs may provide helpful guidance for the nutritional status of the Cu, Zn, Ca, Mg, and Fe elements in the infants' blood.


Assuntos
Magnésio , Oligoelementos , Cálcio , Cobre , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ferro , Masculino , Zinco
18.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 413-425, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634363

RESUMO

Beebread from serpentine localities in Albania and Bulgaria were characterized based on their pollen and chemical element content (macroelements K, Ca, Mg, P and microelements Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Na, Ni, Pb, Zn) aiming to (1) evaluate the effect of serpentine soil on the quality of beebread; (2) compare elemental concentrations in samples from serpentine areas in Albania and Bulgaria; and (3) compare the differences in pollen spectra. Chemical element content was determined using microwave digestion of beebread samples followed by ICP-OES measurements. The analytical procedure developed was validated by added/found method. Analytical figures of merit of analytical method proposed were presented. The melissopalynological analysis was applied for pollen characterization. The results demonstrate clear difference in the pollen spectra between the two sets of samples, confirming differences in local serpentine flora in both countries, but specific pollen type is difficult to be suggested. The pollen content is related to the flowering period, climatic conditions, and bees forage preferences. The samples vary in their elemental concentrations depending on the pollen type and year of collection. The highest average concentrations found for K, Ca, Mg, and P are close to values reported in the literature. However, elevated concentrations observed for Ni, Cr, Mn, and Fe in beebread, especially from Albania, are in line with the serpentine characteristics of studied areas. The concentrations of Cd and Pb for all beebread samples are below permissible limits. The results should be taken into consideration in future specific food safety regulations at national and international level.


Assuntos
Pólen , Oligoelementos , Albânia , Animais , Abelhas , Bulgária , Inocuidade dos Alimentos , Pólen/química , Solo , Oligoelementos/análise
19.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 31-48, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635516

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is currently one of the most frequent malignant neoplasms, ranking 3rd in incidence and 2nd in mortality both in the USA and across the world. The pathogenesis of CRC is a complex interaction between genetic susceptibility and environmental factors such as exposure to metals. Therefore, the present study was intended to assess the imbalances in the concentrations of selected essential/toxic elements (Pb, Cr, Fe, Zn, As, Cd, Cu, Se, Ni, and Hg) in the serum of newly diagnosed colorectal carcinoma patients (n = 165) in comparison with counterpart controls (n = 151) by atomic absorption spectrometry after wet-acid digestion method. Serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) of the CRC patients was determined using immunoradiometric method. Body mass index (BMI) which is an established risk factor for CRC was also calculated for patients and healthy controls. Conversely, average Ni (2.721 µg/g), Cd (0.563 µg/g), As (0.539 µg/g), and Pb (1.273 µg/g) levels were significantly elevated in the serum of CRC patients compared to the healthy donors, while the average Se (7.052 µg/g), Fe (15.67 µg/g), Cu (2.033 µg/g), and Zn (8.059 µg/g) concentrations were elevated in controls. The correlation coefficients between the elements in the cancerous patients demonstrated significantly dissimilar communal relationships compared with the healthy subjects. Significant differences in the elemental levels were also showed for CRC types (primary colorectal lymphoma, gastrointestinal stromal tumor, and adenocarcinoma) and CRC stages (stage-I, stage-II, stage-III, and stage-IV) among the patients. Majority of the elements demonstrated perceptible disparities in their levels based on dietary, habitat, gender, and smoking habits of the malignant patients and healthy subjects. Multivariate methods revealed noticeably divergent apportionment among the toxic/essential elements in the cancerous patients than the healthy counterparts. Overall, the study showed significantly divergent distribution and associations of the essential and toxic elemental levels in the serum of the CRC patients in comparison with the healthy donors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Oligoelementos , Humanos , Metais , Fumar , Espectrofotometria Atômica , Oligoelementos/análise
20.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 200(1): 426-436, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33644828

RESUMO

Vegetables are important contributors to a healthy diet, and their adequate daily intake can help prevent some of the major illnesses. The aim of the study was to examine the content of the major and trace elements in selected organically grown (OG) and conventionally grown (CG) vegetables (cabbage, kohlrabi, Brussels sprout, beetroot, carrot, potato, and onion), taken from city green markets. Multi-elemental analysis was carried out by inductively coupled plasma method with optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). Nutritional quality evaluation in comparison to nutritional reference values was done. In studied vegetables, Al, Ca, K, Fe (with the exception of organic kohlrabi), Mg, Na, P, S, and Zn were quantified in all samples, whereas As, Cd, Co, Hg, Se, and V were below the limit of detection for these elements. Macroelements and trace elements were found at higher concentrations in OG and CG vegetables, respectively. Differences in concentrations of studied elements between the same vegetable species produced in two agricultural systems were significant, except for beetroot (p ≤ 0.05). Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis results showed that the botanical origin had higher influence on sample differentiation than the agronomic practice, which was in accordance with the results obtained by Mann-Whitney U test. Good quality of both OG and CG vegetables in respect of nutritionally beneficial elements was observed.


Assuntos
Brassica , Oligoelementos , Avaliação Nutricional , Análise Espectral , Oligoelementos/análise , Verduras
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...