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1.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47862

RESUMO

O projeto Access Initiative for Quitting Tobacco fornece às pessoas acesso gratuito à terapia de reposição de nicotina e a uma profissional de saúde digital


Assuntos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Infecções por Coronavirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
2.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47863

RESUMO

Organização lançou programa para ajudar fumantes a largarem o tabaco durante a pandemia


Assuntos
Fumantes , Infecções por Coronavirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
3.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47864

RESUMO

A organização aponta a relação entre o fim do hábito de fumar e a redução de riscos de infecção e sintomas graves do coronavírus


Assuntos
Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar , Infecções por Coronavirus , Organização Mundial da Saúde
4.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47855

RESUMO

Cigarros eletrônicos e tabaco aquecido são produtos de tabaco e devem obedecer às mesmas regras


Assuntos
Sistemas Eletrônicos de Liberação de Nicotina , Tabaco , Organização Mundial da Saúde
5.
S Afr Med J ; 110(6): 445-446, 2020 04 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880545

RESUMO

Less than 3 months after the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, and within a month of the WHO declaring COVID19 a global pandemic, COVID-19 infections and fatalities have grown exponentially, globally. Now, more than ever, the world needs responsible political leadership, evidence-based decision-making, and co-ordinated global health action.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Global , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Política , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Liderança , Pandemias , África do Sul/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde/organização & administração
7.
J Int Med Res ; 48(8): 300060520938943, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began in December 2019 and continues to spread worldwide. Rapid and accurate identification of suspected cases is critical in slowing spread of the virus that causes the disease. We aimed to highlight discrepancies in the various criteria used by international agencies and highly impacted individual countries around the world. METHODS: We reviewed the criteria for identifying a suspected case of COVID-19 used by two international public health agencies and 10 countries across Asia, Europe, and North America. The criteria included information on the clinical causes of illness and epidemiological risk factors. Non-English language guidelines were translated into English by a co-author who is fluent in that particular language. RESULTS: Although most criteria are modifications of World Health Organization recommendations, the specific clinical features and epidemiological risks for triggering evaluation of patients with suspected COVID-19 differed widely among countries. The rationale for these differences may be related to each country's resources, politics, experience with previous outbreaks or pandemics, health insurance system, COVID-19 outbreak severity, and other undetermined factors. CONCLUSION: We found no consensus regarding the best diagnostic criteria for identifying a suspected case of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Regulamento Sanitário Internacional , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência , Ásia/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cooperação Internacional , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Estados Unidos , Organização Mundial da Saúde
8.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47825

RESUMO

O COVAX, pilar de vacinas do Access to COVID-19 Tools (ACT) Accelerator, é coliderado pela CEPI, Gavi, a Vaccine Alliance e a Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS), que estão trabalhando em parceria com fabricantes de vacinas de países desenvolvidos e em desenvolvimento.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Vacinas/imunologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
9.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47774

RESUMO

Em consonância com tema da Semana Mundial de Aleitamento Materno 2020 “Apoie o aleitamento para um planeta mais saudável”, a Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS) e o Fundo das Nações Unidas para a Infância (UNICEF) convocaram – em nota pública – os governos do mundo inteiro a protegerem e promoverem o acesso das mulheres ao aconselhamento especializado em aleitamento materno.


Assuntos
Aleitamento Materno , Promoção da Saúde , Nações Unidas , Organização Mundial da Saúde
10.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 3(2)ago.12, 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1117092

RESUMO

La Organización Mundial de la Salud elaboró el manual "Alivio del dolor en el cáncer" que proponía 5 recomendaciones para la analgesia. Se han hecho modificaciones para adaptarlo al manejo del dolor agudo en sentido inverso, de más severo a más leve, pero los principios fundamentales se mantienen. Objetivo. Determinar la tasa de adherencia a los principios de la escala analgésica de la Organización Mundial de la Salud en el manejo del dolor agudo posquirúrgico en cirugía electiva


The World Health Organization produced the manual "Cancer pain relief" that proposed 5 recommendations for analgesia. Modifications have been made to accommodate acute pain management in reverse, from more severe to milder, but the fundamental principles remain. Objective. To determine the rate of adherence to the principles of the World Health Organization analgesic scale in the management of acute postoperative pain in elective surgery


Assuntos
Organização Mundial da Saúde , Manejo da Dor
11.
Korean J Radiol ; 21(10): 1138-1149, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32767867

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a transmissible respiratory disease that was initially reported in Wuhan, China in December 2019. With the alarming levels of COVID-19 spread worldwide, the World Health Organization characterized COVID-19 as a pandemic. Over the past several months, chest CT has played a vital role in early identification, disease severity assessment, and dynamic disease course monitoring of COVID-19. The published data has enriched our knowledge on the etiology, epidemiology, clinical manifestations, and pathologic findings of COVID-19. Additionally, as the imaging spectrum of the disease continues to be defined, extrapulmonary infections or other complications will require further attention. This review aims to provide an updated framework and essential knowledge with which radiologists can better understand COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Organização Mundial da Saúde
14.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(8): e0008505, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776942

RESUMO

Soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections are the most widespread of the neglected tropical diseases, primarily affecting marginalized populations in low- and middle-income countries. More than one billion people are currently infected with STHs. For the control of these infections, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends an integrated approach, which includes access to appropriate sanitation, hygiene education, and preventive chemotherapy (i.e., large-scale, periodic distribution of anthelmintic drugs). Since 2010, WHO has coordinated two large donations of benzimidazoles to endemic countries. Thus far, more than 3.3 billion benzimidazole tablets have been distributed in schools for the control of STH infections, resulting in an important reduction in STH-attributable morbidity in children, while additional tablets have been distributed for the control of lymphatic filariasis. This paper (i) summarizes the progress of global STH control between 2008 to 2018 (based on over 690 reports submitted by endemic countries to WHO); (ii) provides regional and country details on preventive chemotherapy coverage; and (iii) indicates the targets identified by WHO for the next decade and the tools that should be developed to attain these targets. The main message is that STH-attributable morbidity can be averted with evidence-informed program planning, implementation, and monitoring. Caution will still need to be exercised in stopping control programs to avoid any rebound of prevalence and loss of accrued morbidity gains. Over the next decade, with increased country leadership and multi-sector engagement, the goal of eliminating STH infections as a public health problem can be achieved.


Assuntos
Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico , Saúde Global/tendências , Helmintíase/prevenção & controle , Solo/parasitologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Anti-Helmínticos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos
15.
Euro Surveill ; 25(32)2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794443

RESUMO

We show the distribution of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) genetic clades over time and between countries and outline potential genomic surveillance objectives. We applied three genomic nomenclature systems to all sequence data from the World Health Organization European Region available until 10 July 2020. We highlight the importance of real-time sequencing and data dissemination in a pandemic situation, compare the nomenclatures and lay a foundation for future European genomic surveillance of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Coronavirus/genética , Genoma Viral/genética , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , RNA Replicase/genética , RNA Viral/análise , Sequência de Bases , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Filogeografia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/genética , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Organização Mundial da Saúde
16.
Washington, D.C.; OPS; 2020-08-05. (OPS-W/IMS/PHE/COVID-19/20-0039).
Não convencional em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52545

RESUMO

El objetivo principal de la respuesta internacional a la pandemia de COVID-19 sigue siendo detener la transmisión del virus de persona a persona y cuidar a los afectados. La finalidad de este documento es proporcionar una guía práctica a los equipos de país de las Naciones Unidas y a los asociados para formular un plan de preparación y respuesta del país a fin de ayudar de inmediato a los gobiernos nacionales a prepararse y responder a la COVID-19. En este documento de orientación se describen las medidas que deben tomarse para contener el virus, que se actualizarán con orientación adicional si la situación epidemiológica cambia.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Controle de Infecções , Saúde Global , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Declaração de Estado de Emergência em Desastres
17.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 111015, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800237

RESUMO

The risk of newly emerging diseases is constantly present in a world where changes occur significantly in climatic, commercial, and ecological conditions, in addition to the development of biomedical investigations in new situations. An epidemic respiratory disease instigated by a new coronavirus was initially identified in and has resulted in the current global dissemination. This viral strain and its related disease has been termed "SARS-CoV-2" and "coronavirus disease 2019" (abbreviated "COVID-19" or "2019-nCoV"), respectively, which is transmitted simply between individuals. The World Health Organization (WHO) announced the COVID-19 outburst as a pandemic on March 11, which necessitates a cooperative endeavour globally for mitigating the spread of COVID-19. The absence of previous, and minimum present-day information, particularly concerning the path of contagion have precluded the control of this disease. The present article, therefore, describes the SARS-CoV-2 paths of contagion such as drinking water, solid waste, sewer water, ambient air, and the rest of emerging likely paths.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Reservatórios de Doenças , Exposição Ambiental , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
18.
J Prev Med Hyg ; 61(2): E130-E136, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32802995

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2 is a new form of ß-coronavirus that has been recently discovered and is responsible for COVID 19 pandemic. The earliest infection can be traced back to Wuhan, China. From there it has spread all over the world. Keeping in view the above perspective, an attempt is made in order to find out the epidemiological pattern of COVID 19 pandemic, if any, in different geo-climatological regions of the world in terms of case incidence and mortality. This study is also an endeavor to review and analyze the gradual changes of the genetic makeup of SARS-CoV from evolutionary and epidemiological perspectives. The raw data of COVID-19 cases and death incidences were collected from the World Health Organization (WHO) website from the time period: 1st April to 6th April, 2020. The data that are utilized here for general and Case fatality rate (CFR) based analysis. Western pacific region, European region and Americas have the greatest number of infected cases (P < 0.001); whereas deaths have been found to be significantly higher in Europe (P < 0.001). Total number of confirmed cases and deaths in south-east Asia are comparatively lower (P < 0.001). Case fatality rate (CFR) has also found significant for European region. SARS-CoV-2 is considered to be a strain of SARS-CoV that has a high rate of pathogenicity and transmissibility. Result indicated that the European region has been affected mostly for both cases and death incidences. The novel mutations in SARS-CoV-2 possibly increase the virus infectivity. Genetic heterogeneity of this virus within the human population might originate as the representatives of naturally selected virus quasispecies. In this context, the presence of the asymptomatic individuals could be a significant concern for SARS-CoV-2 epidemiology. Further studies are required to understand its genetic evolution and epidemiological significance.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Pandemias , Organização Mundial da Saúde
19.
West Afr J Med ; 37(4): 355-361, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835396

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To understand factors related to cervical cancer screening behaviors and factors that influence these behaviors among women living in Eswatini. METHODS: Data from the World Health Organization STEP's data - A household cross sectional survey in Eswatini in 2014 for 1217 eligible women aged 15 and above. The dependent variable was binary categorized, into two levels: With or without cervical cancer screening experience and independent variables were factors related to cervical cancer screening. The binary logistic regression models were used to analyze the factors related to cervical cancer screening. RESULTS: Women with cervical cancer screening experience were 15.2%. The multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that women's age, education, employment status, history of cardiovascular disease and community environment were significantly correlated with the cervical cancer screening behavior. CONCLUSION: Screening for cervical cancer is still low among women living in Eswatini. Our findings provide a greater understanding of African women's factors related to cervical cancer screening among African countries which are age, education, employment status and environmental issues. This can particularly be attributed to the limited availability and accessibility of cervical cancer screening services among socio-economically disadvantaged populations.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Essuatíni , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/diagnóstico , Organização Mundial da Saúde
20.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 9(1): 129, 2020 08 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771064

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hand sanitisers are urgently needed in the time of COVID-19, and as a result of shortages, some people have resorted to making their own formulations, including the repurposing of distilleries. We wish to highlight the importance of those producing hand sanitisers to avoid methylated spirits containing methanol and to follow WHO recommended formulations. METHODS: We explore and discuss reports of methanol toxicity through ingestion and transdermal absorption. We discuss the WHO formulations and explain the rationale behind the chosen ingredients. SHORT CONCLUSION: We advise those producing hand sanitisers to follow WHO recommended formulations, and advise those producing hand sanitisers using methylated spirits, to avoid formulations which contain methanol.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Desinfetantes/farmacologia , Etanol/farmacologia , Metanol/farmacologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Desinfetantes/química , Desinfetantes/normas , Desinfetantes/toxicidade , Composição de Medicamentos , Etanol/química , Desinfecção das Mãos/instrumentação , Humanos , Metanol/química , Metanol/toxicidade , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Organização Mundial da Saúde
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