Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 16.733
Filtrar
1.
Oral Maxillofac Surg Clin North Am ; 35(1): 23-35, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36336600

RESUMO

Bimaxillary protrusion is a unique dentofacial deformity trait that can exist in an individual as an isolated problem or in combination with other skeletal and dental-related issues. Orthodontist and oral and maxillofacial surgeons are often the main primary team involved in the management of bimaxillary protrusion. Clinical dilemma often exists as cases can either be treated orthodontically or may require a combination of orthodontic and skeletal segmental orthognathic surgery. This article aims to help clinicians improve their approach to management of bimaxillary protrusion by creating a classification based on the severity that can guide treatment selection.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Humanos , Ortodontia Corretiva , Má Oclusão/cirurgia
2.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 34(3): 489-494, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36377162

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthodontics is said to be that branch of dentistry which takes into consideration the facial growth, dentition development as well as occlusion. It is also concerned with the prevention as well as the rectification of the occlusal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the occlusal bite force (OBF) changes during fixed orthodontic treatment up to a period of 9 month in Class I patients treated with extraction and non-extraction treatment protocol. METHODS: It was a Quasi-experimental study conducted from 13th March 2018 to 20th March 2019 in the orthodontic department on 90 subjects which were divided into a treatment group {extraction (30), non-extraction (30)} and controls (n=30). Bite force was measured with an OBF gauge at 6 different intervals before starting the treatment to the ninth month of the treatment. The changes in OBF were assessed using r-ANOVA test. Post-hoc Bonferroni was used for multiple comparisons in bite force levels at different treatment stages. The mean difference in OBF between treatment groups was evaluated by independent t-test. Significance for all tests was predetermined at p value of ≤0.05. RESULTS: The mean OBF significantly increased in both the extraction and non-extraction treatment groups (p<0.001) in comparison to the controls. The mean change in OBF was comparatively greater in the non-extraction group as opposed to the extraction group, but the difference was not statistically significant (p=0.468). CONCLUSIONS: Orthodontic treatment has a positive effect with a gradual increase in the OBF values in subjects treated with extraction and non-extraction fixed mechano-therapy. This indicates that well-aligned arches can have an impact on the functional occlusion, hence, enhancing the bite force levels.


Assuntos
Força de Mordida , Ortodontia Corretiva , Humanos
4.
Prog Orthod ; 23(1): 42, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36066702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several aspects of the orthodontic routine seem to have been affected since the emergence of SARS-CoV-2. We aimed to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the duration of fixed orthodontic treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated consecutive cases of patients undergoing fixed orthodontic treatment that completed treatment before (n = 37) or during (n = 26) the COVID-19 pandemic. The impact of the pandemic on treatment time was adjusted for the patient's initial age, sex, number of debonds/breakages, number of missing teeth, initial PAR (Peer Assessment Rating) index (T0) and operator (n = 2), through multiple linear regression. The impact generated by months of treatment conducted during the pandemic period was also examined. Seven poorly finished cases were previously excluded, including five finished during the pandemic. RESULTS: Although the number of absences/missed appointments of patients treated during the pandemic was four months more than those treated in the previous period (p < 0.001), there was no significant effect of the pandemic on total orthodontic treatment time for both operators. There was also an effect of operator (ß = 10.42, p < 0.001) and gender, which was lower in females (ß = 4.77, p = 0.03), on treatment time (R2 = 0.27). The other variables showed no significant association (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic did not have a significant effect on total orthodontic treatment time, although a greater number of absences/missed appointments were observed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos , Ortodontia Corretiva , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2
5.
ScientificWorldJournal ; 2022: 1549185, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36051569

RESUMO

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 349 Malaysian patients (182 females and 167 males) aged 18-30 years. A questionnaire consisting of ten items developed by Sawyers and Newton was administered to the patients who visited the department of Orthodontics seeking orthodontic treatment. Outcome measures. Descriptive analysis of the responses and comparison of male and female expectations. Results: Most of the patients expected only a check-up/diagnosis/discussion at their initial appointment, anticipated a fixed type of orthodontic treatment, did not prefer extraction/removal of their teeth, thought the treatment to be painful, and can restrict what they could eat or drink. Positive expectations from the patient included better tooth alignment, enhanced smile, improved confidence, and advancement in professional career. At the same time, nearly half of the patients' assumed speech/mastication does not get affected during the treatment. Moreover, very few patients believed it would be easier to eat/speak/keep their teeth clean after the treatment. Compared to males, more females had significantly anticipated fixed types of orthodontic treatment, thinking the treatment to be painful and restrictive in terms of what they could eat or drink. Most of the females were unsure about the length of the orthodontic treatment and had significantly higher expectations concerning career improvement. Conclusions: To meet the varied expectations of each of the patients, effective communication between the orthodontist and the patient is essential.


Assuntos
Motivação , Ortodontia Corretiva , Estudos Transversais , Assistência Odontológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 355, 2022 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35974403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A growing number of Chinese residents are seeking orthodontic treatment. The aim of the study was to investigate rates of orthodontic publicity, orthodontic treatment history and related factors among college freshmen in China, to preliminarily understand the current situation of orthodontic publicity and treatment in China, especially after the 2020s. METHODS: Referred to previous studies, a self-designed online questionnaire of Chinese college freshmen was conducted. The questionnaire was divided into two parts, after collecting basic information, we investigated orthodontic publicity rate and orthodontic treatment history with starting age, relapse phenomenon, satisfaction score and willingness to re-treatment. Factors hindering first-time and second-time treatment were also collected. The statistical analysis was performed using the Chi-square test, t-test, Kruskal-Wallis test and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The response rate was 100% and 3308 responses were included. The male to female ratio was 1524:1784 with a mean age of 18.43 years (SD 0.91 years). Statistically significant of economic administrative regions, age, major and orthodontics engagement of relatives or friends were found on prevalence and rate of orthodontic treatment (P < 0.05). Average opinion on orthodontic treatment was "satisfied" and most claimed a phenomenon of relapse (slight relapse: 38.22%, obvious relapse: 23.12%), where age, major and orthodontics engagement of relatives or friends showed statistically significant. Retreatment willingness was correlation with start age and relapse phenomenon. For those who refused first-time treatment, except for good tooth arrangement condition, pain, long-time span, and cost weighted, while for those who refused re-treatment, the fair of discomfort and long-time span ranked at the top. CONCLUSIONS: In contemporary China, the prevalence and rate of orthodontic treatment had been greatly promoted. Earlier age for receiving orthodontic treatment was also discovered. Subjective factors regarding psychology, self-requirement affected the need of orthodontic treatment. Contemporary Chinese college freshmen had a high ability of judging dental alignment, while improve of overall orthodontic care level is still required.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva , Recidiva , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(8): 789-793, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35970771

RESUMO

In recent years, the early orthodontic treatment of malocclusion has become a hot issue in the field of orthodontics. Some new phenomena and new problems that have emerged require in-depth analysis and discussion, and need to be given correct guidance and norms. Malocclusion refers to the deformities of teeth, jaws, and craniofacial bones caused by genetic and environmental factors during growth and development. Based on the accurate judgment of the etiology and diagnosis, choosing the right time and suitable indications, with the advantage of growth and development, the most suitable appliance can be selected in the early stage of malocclusion to fix malocclusion, and to effectively prevent and block the formation and development of malocclusion. This article will discuss how to timely and appropriately carry out the early prevention and treatment of malocclusion with six aspects, including methods of performing early orthodontic treatment, the basis and guarantee of early orthodontic treatment, correctly understanding early orthodontic treatment, the issues that should be paid attention to in carrying out early orthodontic treatment, actively advocating multidisciplinary cooperation during early orthodontic treatment and understanding face management in a serious way.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos
8.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(8): 794-799, 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35970772

RESUMO

Early orthodontic treatment of malocclusion is becoming the hot topic in orthodontics. The characteristics of craniofacial and dental growth and development are very important in early orthodontics. The article focuses on early correction of malocclusion and normal growth and development recovery.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Ortodontia , Assistência Odontológica , Crescimento e Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva
11.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 162(4): e169-e175, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35934627

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Examination is a basic step in the treatment of patients. This study aimed to assess the examination forms of different private and university orthodontic clinics. METHODS: Examination forms were collected from 21 university and 21 private orthodontic clinics. The 80 questions examined in the study were evaluated under 3 subheadings (demographic questions, systemic disease questions, and dental questions). RESULTS: In the evaluation among the groups, the number of questions asked in universities was statistically significantly higher in terms of the total number of questions asked. The number of university questions was statistically significantly higher in the evaluation among the groups of dental questions (P <0.05). In all of the subheadings, there were statistically significant differences between groups and parents' occupation, e-mail, reference, pricing, and personal data protection law questions (P <0.05); breathing pattern question (P <0.05); tongue function, frenulum assessment, transverse problem, jaw deviation, midline, dentition, canine relationship, overjet, overbite, number of teeth, impacted tooth, shape anomaly, dental trauma, profile, and incisal exposure questions (P <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There is no consensus on the examination forms used in orthodontics clinics. Although both universities and private clinics aim to treat orthodontic patients, the questions they asked were different in accordance with their dynamics.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Ortodontia , Sobremordida , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva , Sobremordida/terapia , Projetos Piloto
12.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 162(3): e141-e155, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35868952

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study explored possible associations between treatment duration, initial complexity, outcomes in Invisalign therapy, and the number of refinements. METHODS: Three-dimensional models (initial, final, and refinements) of 355 Invisalign patients (114 males and 241 females; 33.8 ± 17.1 years) were analyzed using the Peer Assessment Rating (PAR) index questionnaire tool in the Ortho Analyzer software (version 2.0; 3Shape, Copenhagen, Denmark) to calculate the weighted total and individual PAR index scores for each component of the PAR index. Data related to demographics, treatment duration, and the number of refinements were collected. RESULTS: Treatment duration increased as the number of refinements increased. Percent of improvement was higher in PAR ≥22 group than PAR <22 with an increase in the number of refinements: 83.3% vs 73.8% for 2 refinements; 94.7% vs 91.2% for 3 refinements; and 100% vs 85.7% for ≥4 refinements. Those who achieved great improvement or improvement and those who did not were significantly different in treatment duration (P <0.001 and P = 0.027), number of refinements (≥3 refinements; P <0.001), initial occlusal severity (PAR ≥22; P <0.01 and P = 0.031). Most subjects achieved improvement after the first refinement (64.5% for PAR <22 and 78.5% for PAR ≥22). Few had ≥4 refinements, and if they did, none achieved improvement with additional refinements. CONCLUSIONS: Initial complexity for an Invisalign case is associated with treatment duration, achieved outcomes, and the number of refinements. Treatment duration increased with an increased number of refinements. Great improvement or improvement for the first time dropped to 0 if additional refinements were carried out after 3. Therefore, performing additional refinements does not necessarily mean better occlusal outcomes.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Assistência Odontológica , Duração da Terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 162(1): 103-107, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35772870

RESUMO

Removable appliances are an important part of orthodontic treatment. The Twin-block is widely used for Class II correction. Traditionally, an impression, bite registration, and mounted plaster casts are required to fabricate the acrylic appliance, which usually requires a specialized laboratory. This makes the process expensive and also time-consuming. This paper aims to present an innovative approach for the virtual design and direct printing of removable orthodontic appliances, particularly the Twin-block, that can be done in-office without the need for casts or a specialized laboratory.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Humanos , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Desenho de Aparelho Ortodôntico , Ortodontia Corretiva
14.
J World Fed Orthod ; 11(4): 114-119, 2022 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Orthodontic retention is the most important factor after successful orthodontic treatment. The use of thermoplastic retainers has increased in recent years, but information is lacking about the product materials and orthodontists' awareness of the products they use. The aim of this survey was to map the retention protocols among Scandinavian orthodontists, particularly their use of thermoplastic retainers. Furthermore, the aim was to investigate their knowledge of thermoplastic materials and record any possible adverse effects. METHODS: An online questionnaire was prepared, and 667 orthodontists in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark were invited to take the survey. The survey was sent to all members of the national orthodontic associations using Nettskjema in Norway and Microsoft Forms in Sweden and Denmark. Data were collected anonymously and analyzed using chi-square and correlation coefficients. RESULTS: Of the 667 orthodontists, 432 (64%) responded (59% female). The most common retention protocol (51%) was fixed retainer in both maxilla and mandible and thermoplastic retainer in the maxilla. Two-thirds of the orthodontists were unaware of the thermoplastic material used, and 58% did not acquire knowledge of the materials. Only 1% of the respondents had registered adverse reactions to thermoplastic retainers, and none were aware of the type of material that was used. CONCLUSIONS: Scandinavian orthodontists use similar retention protocols, with the most common being fixed retainer in the mandible and dual retention, fixed, and thermoplastic retainer in the maxilla. Orthodontists' knowledge about thermoplastic materials was insufficient, but adverse effects related to thermoplastic retainer use were rare.


Assuntos
Contenções Ortodônticas , Ortodontistas , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Noruega , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Plásticos , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia
15.
J Orofac Orthop ; 83(4): 225-232, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713671

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Ideal treatment timing in orthodontics is controversially discussed depending on the type and extent of the dysgnathia and malocclusion present, especially with regard to efficiency, patient burden and treatment efforts of early compared to regular or late treatment. This German clinical practice guideline aims to clarify, at which time points an orthodontic anomaly can be effectively treated and how treatment efficiency differs depending on treatment timing. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in various guideline databases and databases PROSPERO, MEDLINE (PubMed), Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov and the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform according to a predefined PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcomes with added qualitative search terms) search algorithm and strategy. Appraisal of scientific evidence of the individual studies checked for eligibility was carried out according to SIGN (Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network), AMSTAR II (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systemic Reviews), and AXIS (Appraisal Tool to Assess the Quality of Cross-sectional Studies) tools. Only controlled studies with a high, acceptable or moderate quality (and thus an acceptable risk of bias) were considered. RESULTS: A total of 309 studies of over 11,000 sources screened were identified to be eligible for inclusion and critically appraised for study quality and risk-of-bias. No relevant guidelines relating to the aims of the present guideline were found. Elected delegates of in total 21 German scientific societies and organizations agreed upon a total of 19 evidence-based statements and recommendations based on a nominal consensus process. CONCLUSIONS: Although most malocclusions can be effectively treated both in the early, late mixed, and permanent dentition, evidence suggests that therapy of a pronounced skeletal or dental class II anomaly can be started early to reduce the risk of dental anterior tooth trauma, whereas in a moderate class II anomaly, therapy can preferably be carried out before or during the pubertal growth peak. Therapy of a skeletal or dental class III anomaly should be started early, as this also reduces the need for later surgery to correct the anomaly. The treatment of a pronounced skeletal or dental transverse anomaly should be started early in the upper jaw in order to utilize the high adaptivity of the maxillary structures in young patients.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Ortodontia Corretiva , Estudos Transversais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Má Oclusão/terapia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742703

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding the prevalence of malocclusion and different orthodontic features in children and adolescents. METHODS: The digital databases PubMed, Cochrane, Embase, Open Grey, and Web of Science were searched from inception to November 2021. Epidemiological studies, randomized controlled trials, clinical trials, and comparative studies involving subjects ≤ 18 years old and focusing on the prevalence of malocclusion and different orthodontic features were selected. Articles written in English, Dutch, French, German, Spanish, and Portuguese were included. Three authors independently assessed the eligibility, extracted the data from, and ascertained the quality of the studies. Since all of the included articles were non-randomized, the MINORS tool was used to score the risk of bias. RESULTS: The initial electronic database search identified a total of 6775 articles. After the removal of duplicates, 4646 articles were screened using the title and abstract. A total of 415 full-text articles were assessed, and 123 articles were finally included for qualitative analysis. The range of prevalence of Angle Class I, Class II, and Class III malocclusion was very large, with a mean prevalence of 51.9% (SD 20.7), 23.8% (SD 14.6), and 6.5% (SD 6.5), respectively. As for the prevalence of overjet, reversed overjet, overbite, and open bite, no means were calculated due to the large variation in the definitions, measurements, methodologies, and cut-off points among the studies. The prevalence of anterior crossbite, posterior crossbite, and crossbite with functional shift were 7.8% (SD 6.5), 9.0% (SD 7.34), and 12.2% (SD 7.8), respectively. The prevalence of hypodontia and hyperdontia were reported to be 6.8% (SD 4.2) and 1.8% (SD 1.3), respectively. For impacted teeth, ectopic eruption, and transposition, means of 4.9% (SD 3.7), 5.4% (SD 3.8), and 0.5% (SD 0.5) were found, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There is an urgent need to clearly define orthodontic features and malocclusion traits as well as to reach consensus on the protocols used to quantify them. The large variety in methodological approaches found in the literature makes the data regarding prevalence of malocclusion unreliable.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Má Oclusão/epidemiologia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Sobremordida/epidemiologia , Prevalência
17.
Lasers Med Sci ; 37(6): 2697-2706, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35695995

RESUMO

Discomfort and dull pain are known side effects of orthodontic treatment. Pain is expected to be reduced by near-infrared (NIR) lasers; however, the mechanism underlying effects of short-pulse NIR lasers in the oral and maxillofacial area remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the effects of high-frequency NIR diode laser irradiation on pain during experimental tooth movement (ETM) on 120 J. NIR laser with 910 nm wavelength, 45 W maximum output power, 300 mW average output power, and 200 ns pulse width (Lumix 2; (Lumix 2; Fisioline, Verduno CN, Italy) was used for the experiment. A nickel-titanium-closed coil was used to apply a 50-gf force between the maxillary left-side first molar and incisor in 7-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats (280-300 g) to induce ETM. We measured facial-grooming frequency and vacuous chewing movement (VCM) period between laser-irradiation and ETM groups. We performed immunofluorescent histochemistry analysis to quantify levels of Iba-1, astrocytes, and c-fos protein-like immunoreactivity (Fos-IR) in the trigeminal spinal nucleus caudalis (Vc). Compared with the ETM group, the laser irradiation group had significantly decreased facial-grooming frequency (P = 0.0036), VCM period (P = 0.043), Fos-IR (P = 0.0028), Iba-1 levels (P = 0.0069), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels (P = 0.0071). High-frequency NIR diode laser irradiation appears to have significant analgesic effects on ETM-induced pain, which involve inhibiting neuronal activity, microglia, and astrocytes, and it inhibits c-fos, Iba-1, and GFAP expression, reducing ETM-induced pain in rats. High-frequency NIR diode laser application could be applied to reduce pain during orthodontic tooth movement.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Manejo da Dor , Dor Processual , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Animais , Incisivo , Raios Infravermelhos/uso terapêutico , Lasers Semicondutores/uso terapêutico , Ortodontia Corretiva/efeitos adversos , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Dor/radioterapia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Processual/etiologia , Dor Processual/radioterapia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/efeitos adversos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária/métodos
18.
Clin Oral Investig ; 26(10): 6265-6273, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35701552

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the malocclusion complexity and orthodontic treatment need among children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) referred for orthodontic treatment by quantifying the Discrepancy Index (DI) and Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental records of 48 ASD and 49 non-ASD consecutive patients aged between 9 and 18 years (median age 13.0 years) referred for orthodontic treatment were reviewed and compared. The Discrepancy Index (DI) was quantified to determine the malocclusion complexity, and the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN), including the Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC) and Aesthetic Component (IOTN-AC), was quantified to determine the orthodontic treatment need. Statistical analysis included descriptive analysis, Pearson chi-square tests, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U tests, and several univariate and multivariate regression analyses. The statistical analysis used descriptive analysis, Pearson chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: The results show that both malocclusion complexity (DI, p = 0.0010) and orthodontic treatment need (IOTN-DHC, p = 0.0025; IOTN-AC p = 0.0009) were significantly higher in children with ASD. Furthermore, children with ASD had a higher prevalence of increased overjet (p = .0016) and overbite (p = .031). CONCLUSIONS: Malocclusion complexity and orthodontic treatment need are statistically significantly higher among children with ASD than children without ASD, independent of age and sex. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Children with autism may benefit from visits to a dental specialist (orthodontist) to prevent, to some extent, developing malocclusions from an early age.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Má Oclusão , Sobremordida , Adolescente , Criança , Estética Dentária , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Índice de Necessidade de Tratamento Ortodôntico , Má Oclusão/terapia , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva
19.
Int Orthod ; 20(2): 100637, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35568637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to associate the parents' perception of the need for treatment and the children's aesthetic concern, considering the influence of malocclusion severity levels. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with 770 children aged 8 to 10 years in the mixed dentition stage. A closed question sent to parents assessed the subjective orthodontic treatment need (outcome). Orthodontic Aesthetic Subjective Impact Score (OASIS) evaluated children's aesthetic concerns, and the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI) diagnosed the anterior characteristics and malocclusion severity levels. Individual analyses were performed relating the outcome as independent variables. The variables with P<0.20 in the individual analyses were tested in multiple logistic regression models, and those with P<0.10 remained in the model. The adjusted odds ratio was estimated with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: Parents of children with higher aesthetic concerns are 1.82 times more likely to believe that their child needs orthodontic treatment (P<0.05). Parents of children with very severe malocclusion are 1.91 times more likely to perceive their child's need for orthodontic treatment (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Parents of children with greater aesthetic concerns are more likely to perceive the need for orthodontic treatment, and very severe malocclusion also influences parents' perception of the need for orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Dentição Mista , Má Oclusão , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Má Oclusão/diagnóstico , Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva , Pais , Percepção
20.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 162(1): e44-e51, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35599061

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to compare the treatment outcome of patients whose orthodontic treatment was completed before or during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. METHODS: Pretreatment and posttreatment models of 100 patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliances were evaluated using the peer assessment rating (PAR) index. Posttreatment models and panoramic radiographs were measured and scored with the objective grading system (OGS). All patients had their treatment plans before the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, but the orthodontic treatment finishing date was before (prepandemic: group 1, n = 50) or during (pandemic: group 2, n = 50) the pandemic. Intergroup comparisons were tested with an independent samples t test or Mann-Whitney U test. Chi-square test statistics and Fisher exact test were used to compare categorical variables. RESULTS: Significant higher posttreatment weighted maxillary alignment score was found in group 2. However, no significant difference was found between the groups concerning the mean total weighted PAR reduction (29.8 ± 9.9 vs 25.6 ± 8.7) and posttreatment total weighted PAR scores (1 vs 2). The PAR index score improvement (%) was similar between the groups (93.7 ± 7.1 vs 89.9 ± 13.0). No statistically significant difference was found between the groups for the total OGS score (32 vs 33). A lower score for marginal ridge height (4 vs 3) and a higher score for buccolingual inclination (7 vs 11), and a lower score for occlusal relationship (3 vs 1) were found in group 2. Canceled appointments (1.1 ± 0.7 vs 4.8 ± 1.6) and the number of missed appointments (0.6 ± 0.5 vs 1.1 ± 0.8) were statistically higher in group 2, whereas the total number of appointments (27.3 ± 8.8 vs 21.8 ± 5.4) were statistically less. The treatment duration was comparable in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced and irregular appointments during the pandemic resulted in significantly higher posttreatment weighted maxillary alignment and worsening of the buccolingual inclination. However, the PAR score improvement, total OGS score, and treatment duration were not affected.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Má Oclusão , Humanos , Má Oclusão/terapia , Ortodontia Corretiva/métodos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...