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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(6)2024 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926120

RESUMO

A patient in his 20s presented with a change in the appearance of his left eye with evidence of relative afferent pupillary defect. Imaging revealed a giant frontoethmoidal osteoma, a benign sinonasal tumour, invading three-quarters of the orbit. Multidisciplinary discussion involving opthalmology, maxillofacial surgery, neurosurgery and otolaryngology resulted in the decision to attempt entirely endoscopic excision of this lesion, which was performed with successful outcomes. This case demonstrates how a sinonasal osteoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis for a patient presenting with proptosis or other eye signs suggestive of compression of the orbital compartment. This case report and literature review highlights the possibility of managing giant sinonasal osteomas with orbital extension through a completely endoscopic approach.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Osteoma , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais , Humanos , Osteoma/cirurgia , Osteoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoma/patologia , Masculino , Endoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias dos Seios Paranasais/patologia , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide/patologia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/cirurgia , Neoplasias Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Orbitárias/patologia , Seio Etmoidal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/patologia , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/cirurgia , Órbita/patologia , Seio Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Frontal/cirurgia , Seio Frontal/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem , Exoftalmia/etiologia , Exoftalmia/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Adulto
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38697897

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Naso-orbito-ethmoidal fractures (NOE) fractures are uncommon but critical injuries. This review aims to investigate the patient factors, procedural factors, and postoperative outcomes associated with the surgical management of NOE fractures. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed and Scopus databases were systematically searched between 1993 and 2023 using the search strategy "(naso-orbito-ethmoidal OR nasoethmoid OR nasoorbitoethmoidal) AND fracture." Articles reporting clinical studies investigating the surgical management of NOE fractures were included. Articles that were duplicates, non-English, or non-full text; reported an unclear age range; reported insufficient data; and/or reported on a sample size less than 10 were excluded. Data on patient factors, procedural factors, and postoperative outcomes were extracted. RESULTS: Of the 412 articles identified, 6 eligible articles (retrospective case series) representing 95 adult cases and 84 pediatric cases were included. The mean ages were 29.0 and 10.2 years, respectively. Most cases were male (65.3%; 73.9%). Motor vehicle accidents were the most common mechanism of injury (79.2% and 50.0%, respectively). Coronal incision was the most common approach. Epiphora (n = 33) and scar problems (n = 21) were the most common complications in adult and pediatric cases, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Further robust longitudinal studies with a clear description of fracture classification and surgical timing would be helpful. Gaps in knowledge include concomitant injuries, digitally-assisted applications, and risk factors for adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Osso Nasal , Fraturas Orbitárias , Fraturas Cranianas , Humanos , Fraturas Orbitárias/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide/lesões , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Osso Nasal/lesões , Osso Nasal/cirurgia
3.
Tunis Med ; 102(1): 54-57, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38545731

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Meningitis is a potentially life threatening illness. It requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. Recurrent meningitis needs detailed investigations to identify the underlying cause. OBSERVATION: We report a case of recurrent pneumococcal meningitis in a 9-year-old boy with an underlying congenital skull base abnormality. Brain computed tomography (CT) scan showed no obvious skull base defects. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain revealed a dehiscence of the cribriform plate with encephalomeningocele. The patient underwent an endoscopic repair of the bony defect and had not developed any new infections ever since. CONCLUSION: This case highlights the need to investigate recurrent bacterial meningitis with CT scan and MRI of the brain and skull base. Repair of these congenital skull base defects are mandatory to prevent the recurrence of meningitis.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Meningite , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Meningite/etiologia , Base do Crânio/anormalidades , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Cabeça , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Recidiva
4.
Tomography ; 10(3): 400-414, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38535773

RESUMO

Detailed visualization of the cribriform plate is challenging due to its intricate structure. This study investigates how computed tomography (CT) with a novel photon counting (PC) detector enhance cribriform plate visualization compared to traditionally used energy-integrated detectors in patients. A total of 40 patients were included in a retrospective analysis, with half of them undergoing PC CT (Naeotom Alpha Siemens Healthineers, Forchheim, Germany) and the other half undergoing CT scans using an energy-integrated detector (Somatom Sensation 64, Siemens, Forchheim, Germany) in which the cribriform plate was visualized with a temporal bone protocol. Both groups of scans were evaluated for signal-to-noise ratio, radiation dose, the imaging quality of the whole scan overall, and, separately, the cribriform plate and the clarity of volume rendering reconstructions. Two independent observers conducted a qualitative analysis using a Likert scale. The results consistently demonstrated excellent imaging of the cribriform plate with the PC CT scanner, surpassing traditional technology. The visualization provided by PC CT allowed for precise anatomical assessment of the cribriform plate on multiplanar reconstructions and volume rendering imaging with reduced radiation dose (by approximately 50% per slice) and higher signal-to-noise ratio (by approximately 75%). In conclusion, photon-counting technology provides the possibility of better imaging of the cribriform plate in adult patients. This enhanced imaging could be utilized in skull base-associated pathologies, such as cerebrospinal fluid leaks, to visualize them more reliably for precise treatment.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Razão Sinal-Ruído
5.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 82(4): 461-467, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38215791

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) complex fractures present a challenge to repair. The classification system used to categorize the fracture type was established in 1991 based off the medial canthal tendon attachment. The primary objective was to systematically review the literature outlining repair techniques for NOE fracture after the adoption of the Markowitz classification system. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Eligible studies were peer-reviewed articles reporting on operative techniques used to repair NOE fractures in adult patients after 1991. Two investigators independently reviewed all articles and extracted data. Level of evidence was assessed by Oxford Center for Evidence-based Medicine guidelines. RESULTS: This review identified 16 articles that met inclusion/exclusion criteria representing 517 patients. One article outlined a closed reduction technique with transnasal wiring. The remaining articles discussed open approaches with various exposure techniques, most common being the coronal incision. Miniplates and screws were most often implemented for rigid fixation as well as transnasal wiring to repair disrupted medial canthal tendon and canthal bearing bone in Type 2 and 3 NOE fractures. Ten of the studies included in this review had a level of evidence of 4. CONCLUSIONS: NOE fractures present a complex fracture pattern and challenge to repair. New exposure techniques and multidisciplinary approaches have been described. However, fixation techniques have remained relatively consistent through the years. Surgeon preference and comfort with performing the specific techniques leads to the best patient outcomes. With the low level of evidence referenced, more robust research is needed to evaluate these techniques.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Faciais , Fraturas Orbitárias , Fraturas Cranianas , Adulto , Humanos , Osso Nasal/cirurgia , Fraturas Orbitárias/cirurgia , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Nariz , Pálpebras/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia
6.
Kurume Med J ; 69(3.4): 195-199, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38233177

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To investigate the locations of the anterior, middle, and posterior ethmoidal foramina and their relationships to the frontoethmoidal suture. METHODS: One hundred twenty sides from sixty adult human skulls were used. Specimens with significant damage to the medial orbit wall were excluded. The number of ethmoidal foramina (anterior, middle, and posterior) on the medial orbital wall and the relationship of each foramen to the frontoethmoidal suture were recorded and classified as follows: Type I: superior to the frontoethmoidal suture; Type II: on the frontoethmoidal suture; Type III: inferior to the frontoethmoidal suture. RESULTS: Of the ninety-four sides, fourteen (14.9%) had one foramen, sixty-two (66.0%) had two , and eighteen (19.1%) had three. In total, 192 ethmoidal foramina were observed. Among the fourteen sides with one foramen, eight foramina were anterior and six were posterior. Among the 192 ethmoidal foramina, 162 were eligible for fur ther classification (74 anterior, 14 middle, and 74 posterior). Types I, II, and III ethmoidal foramina were found in 38.3% (62/162), 61.7% (100/162), and 0% (0/162), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our current study found a higher incidence of type I than previously reported. It is important to be aware of the significant incidence of foramen variations when the medial orbit wall is manipulated during surgery. Unless caution is observed, an inadvertent surgical injury can occur and lead to life-threatening complications. Therefore, a good understanding of orbital anatomy and its potential variations is critical for improving patient out comes.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Osso Frontal , Humanos , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Adulto , Cadáver , Órbita/anatomia & histologia , Órbita/cirurgia , Suturas Cranianas/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/anatomia & histologia , Feminino
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37607521

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The structures of the skull and the brain are related to each other. Prior work in individuals with isolated congenital anosmia (ICA) showed that these individuals were characterized by olfactory bulb (OB) defects. The aim of this study was to compare the morphological pattern of the anterior skull base surrounding the OB between individuals with ICA and normosmic controls. We meant to investigate whether these features can help distinguish abnormalities from normal variation. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study to acquire T2-weighted magnetic resonance images from individuals diagnosed with ICA (n = 31) and healthy, normosmic controls matched for age and gender (n = 62). Between both groups, we compared the depth and width of the olfactory fossa, the angle of the ethmoidal fovea, as well as the angle of the lateral lamella of the cribriform plate. Within the ICA group, we further performed subgroup analyses based on the presence or absence of the OB, to investigate whether the morphology of the anterior skull base relates to the presence of OBs. The diagnostic performance of these parameters was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic analysis. RESULTS: Individuals with ICA exhibited a flattened ethmoid roof and shallower olfactory fossa when compared to controls. Further, the absence of the OB was found to be associated with a higher degree of flattening of the ethmoid roof and a shallow olfactory fossa. We reached the results in the following areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves: 0.80 - angle of fovea ethmoidalis, 0.76 - depth of olfactory fossa, 0.70 - angle of lateral lamella of the cribriform plate for significant differentiation between individuals with ICA and normosmic controls. CONCLUSION: Individuals with ICA exhibited an unusual anterior skull base surrounding the OB. This study supports the idea of an integrated development of OB and anterior skull base. Hence, the morphological pattern of the anterior skull base surrounding the OB helps distinguish individuals with ICA from normosmic controls and may therefore be useful for the diagnosis of ICA, although it is certainly not an invariable sign of congenital anosmia.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Transtornos do Olfato , Transtornos do Olfato/congênito , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osso Etmoide/patologia , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico por imagem
8.
Oral Radiol ; 40(2): 124-137, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38079051

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the scientific evidence on the prevalence of maxillary sinus hypoplasia (MSH) and associated anatomical variations as assessed by computed tomography scans. STUDY DESIGN: This PROSPERO-registered systematic review followed the recommendations of the PRISMA guidelines. Search algorithms were constructed for each of the six databases and gray literature. After screening the references (Rayyan®), the extracted data were meta-analyzed according to a random-effects model. The joanna briggs critical appraisal tool assessed the methodological quality of the included studies. The GRADE approach was used to estimate the certainty of the evidence. RESULTS: From a total of 2781 studies screened, 22 were considered for four meta-analysis. The prevalence of MSH in 7358 patients was 5.65% (CI95% = 4.07-7.47%) with significant heterogeneity between studies (p < 0.001, I2 = 89.30%). MSH was identified in 295 patients, of whom 82.38% (CI95% = 75.82-88.09%) had unilateral hypoplasia and 17.62% (CI95% = 11.91-24.18%) bilateral hypoplasia with moderate heterogeneity between studies (p < 0.0503, I2 = 42.87%). The prevalence of MSH in 9998 maxillary sinuses was 3.77% (95% CI = 2.44-5.38%), with significant heterogeneity between studies (p < 0.001, I2 = 92.84%). Hypoplastic/aplastic uncinate process, concha bullosa and paradoxical concha were the most reported anatomical variations. The studies presented a low-moderate methodological quality. The certainty of the evidence was very low to moderate. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of maxillary sinus hypoplasia observed was 5.65%, with most cases being unilateral.


Assuntos
Seio Maxilar , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Seio Maxilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Seio Etmoidal , Osso Etmoide , Prevalência
9.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 46(1): 19-25, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38062267

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Understanding ethmoid roof morphology is crucial to prevent complications in endoscopic sinus surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the morphological properties of the ethmoidal roof regarding gender and age differences using Keros and Yenigun classifications on high-resolution computed tomography images. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 891 high-resolution computed tomography paranasal sinus study images and measured the depth of the cribriform plate in coronal sections and the anterior-posterior length in axial planes. The study retrospectively examined CT images of paranasal sinuses of patients living in the eastern Anatolian region of Turkey. RESULTS: In both Keros and Yenigun Classifications, the most common class was type 2, and the least common class was type 3. According to Keros et al.'s method, no significant difference was observed between men and women (p = 0.698). However, according to Yenigun et al., the average values of women in terms of the anterior-posterior distance of the ethmoid roof were significantly higher than men (p = 0.001). When examined according to age, a very low, negative correlation was revealed regarding Keros and Yenigun classifications (p = 0.047 and p < 0.001 retrospectively). According to Keros and Yenigun's classification, there was no significant difference between the left and right sides (p = 0.488 and p = 0.919, respectively). CONCLUSION: The morphological properties of the ethmoidal roof have importance to be considered for preoperative planning. Studying larger patient groups and meta-analyses that gather various research results about this subject might help better understand the ethmoidal roof morphology among populations.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Seios Paranasais , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Seios Paranasais/anatomia & histologia , Seio Etmoidal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/anatomia & histologia
10.
Aesthetic Plast Surg ; 48(6): 1084-1093, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37932507

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Correction of the crooked nose, especially the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone, has the potential to cause skull base injury. At present, the safe and effective method for perpendicular plate resection has not been clearly defined through biomechanics. METHOD: CT scan data of 48 patients with crooked nose and deviated nasal septum were divided into C-type, angular deformity-type, and S-type based on the morphology of the 3D model. Different types of finite element models of the nasal bony septum and skull base were established. The osteotomy depth, angle, and force mode of the PPE resection were simulated by assembling different working conditions for the models. The von Mises stress of the anterior cranial fossa was observed. RESULTS: When the osteotomy line length was 0.5 cm, the angle was at 30° to the Frankfurt plane, and 50 N·mm torque was applied, the von Mises stress of the skull base was minimal in the four models, showing 0.049 MPa (C-type), 0.082 MPa (S-type), 0.128 MPa (angular deformity-type), and 0.021 MPa (control model). The maximum von Mises stress values were found at the skull base when the osteotomy line was 1.5 cm, the angle was 50°, and the force was 10 N along the X-axis, showing 0.349 MPa (C-type), 0.698 MPa (S-type), 0.451 MPa (angular deformity-type), and 0.149 MPa (control model). CONCLUSION: The use of smaller resection angle with the Frankfurt plane, conservative resection depth, and torsion force can better reduce the stress value at the skull base and reduce the risk of basicranial fracture. It is a safe and effective technique for perpendicular plate resection of the ethmoid bone in the correction of crooked nose. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE IV: This journal requires that authors assign a level of evidence to each article. For a full description of these Evidence-Based Medicine ratings, please refer to the Table of Contents or the online Instructions to Authors www.springer.com/00266 .


Assuntos
Nariz , Rinoplastia , Humanos , Nariz/cirurgia , Rinoplastia/métodos , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Septo Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Septo Nasal/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol ; 281(3): 1293-1299, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37870642

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is an important risk area in endoscopic sinus surgery. This study aimed to evaluate the course of AEA according to the Keros classification and the presence of supraorbital ethmoid cell (SOEC) and to prevent possible complications by emphasizing the importance of preoperative paranasal computed tomography (CT) imaging. This approach will increase the effectiveness of endoscopic sinus surgery and improve patient safety. METHODS: The paranasal CT scan images of patients aged > 18 years between October 2020 and November 2021 from our center were retrospectively analyzed. The images were primarily evaluated in the coronal plane, and the sagittal and axial planes were utilized to evaluate variations in AEA regarding the skull base. Furthermore, the relation of AEA course with Keros classification and SOEC was evaluated. The study included 1000 patients aged 18-80 years (right and left, a total of 2000 samples). RESULTS: Grade 3 AEA was the most common regarding the skull base. Keros Type 2 was the most common classification. Overall, 48.7% patients had SOEC. The incidence of Grade 3 AEA was higher among patients with SOEC and a higher Keros classification compared with those without SOEC and a lower Keros classification. Furthermore, Keros Type 3 was the most associated with SOEC presence. CONCLUSION: Consistent with the literature, the probability of Grade 3 AEA in patients with high Keros classification and SOEC was significantly higher in our study. Therefore, we consider that preoperative imaging according to Keros classification and SOEC presence can predict AEA course and guide surgery.


Assuntos
Seio Etmoidal , Base do Crânio , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seio Etmoidal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/irrigação sanguínea , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Artéria Oftálmica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia
12.
Head Neck ; 46(2): 439-446, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38041523

RESUMO

A critical procedure in the transcribriform approach is the resection of the crista galli. However, the standard technique for crista galli resection has several disadvantages. We reviewed the cases of patients with olfactory neuroblastomas who underwent an endoscopic endonasal transcribriform approach using a newly developed technique for crista galli resection. We performed a cadaveric study to measure the superior accessibility limits using the proposed method. We included 38 patients with olfactory neuroblastomas in this study. The tumor invaded the posterior crista galli in four patients. The anterior end of the crista galli was not invaded by the tumor. Our cadaveric study showed that the dura was approachable to the point that was 7.4 ± 1.3 mm superior and 23.2 ± 7.2 mm lateral to the foramen cecum following crista galli removal. By resecting the crista galli in advance, manipulation of the superior dura became feasible.


Assuntos
Estesioneuroblastoma Olfatório , Neoplasias Nasais , Humanos , Cadáver , Osso Etmoide , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia
13.
Laryngoscope ; 134(3): 1096-1099, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37578267

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is an important structure to identify during endoscopic sinus surgery. Although identification on imaging is easily taught, a consistent endoscopic landmark for the AEA, independent of anatomic ethmoid cell variation, is lacking, leaving many surgeons unclear about the exact location without dependence on navigation. Here, we describe a consistent endoscopic landmark, regardless of anatomical ethmoid variation. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled adult patients undergoing endoscopic surgery involving frontal and ethmoid sinuses in this observational study. The AEA landmark was defined simply as the septation or ridge one step back along the ethmoid skull base from the posterior table of the frontal sinus. The gold standard to calculate the sensitivity of our endoscopic landmark was an image-navigation system, registered to within 1.5 mm accuracy, locating the AEA within three planes. Both endoscopic and computerized tomography (CT) images of the pointer at the landmark were taken simultaneously. The concordance of endoscopic to navigation images was independently assessed by three blinded rhinologists. RESULTS: Forty patients were included in our study with 73 sides analyzed. Diagnoses included chronic rhinosinusitis without polyps (52.5%), with polyps (22.5%), recurrent acute sinusitis (15%), sinonasal tumors (7.5%), and odontogenic sinusitis (2.5%). The AEA was accurately identified using our endoscopic landmark in 97.3% of the cases (71/73). Of the two cases in which the AEA was not found within the landmark, the artery was located ≤1 mm posteriorly. CONCLUSION: We describe a consistent endoscopic landmark to identify the AEA, conserved across various clinical diagnoses and anatomic variations in sinus structure. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3 Laryngoscope, 134:1096-1099, 2024.


Assuntos
Sinusite , Base do Crânio , Adulto , Humanos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Artérias/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide , Seio Etmoidal/diagnóstico por imagem , Seio Etmoidal/cirurgia , Seio Etmoidal/irrigação sanguínea , Endoscopia/métodos
14.
World Neurosurg ; 183: e462-e469, 2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38157985

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Severe craniofacial fractures may present different needs in treating intracranial lesions over facial injuries. This paper examines the results of our strategy, consisting of a single-stage combined neurosurgical-maxillofacial treatment. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 33 consecutive patients with complex fractures of the anterior cranial fossa and facial skeleton, who required elective surgery for craniofacial reconstruction. Patients who required emergency surgery for intracranial clots or penetrating wounds were excluded. In all cases, all or almost all the anterior skull-base was injured with compound fractures of the frontal sinus, the orbital roofs, the lamina cribrosa, and the planum sphenoidale. In all cases, the prioritization of treatment was carefully discussed, and surgical timing and strategy were agreed. RESULTS: There was 1 dead. Olfactory injuries were always found intraoperatively. There were no mucoceles, CSF-leak recurrences, cranial infections, or neurologic worsening. The functional and neurologic results were highly satisfactory. CONCLUSIONS: The one-stage surgical treatment of complex craniofacial fractures has numerous advantages, including the possibility of reducing facial fractures without the risk of CSF leaks. It also eliminates the need for repeated procedures in fragile patients, and the need to dismantle the facial reconstruction if the skull base repair is performed later. The main issue is the surgical timing, considering that the maxillofacial surgeon usually favors early facial repair, whereas the neurosurgeon generally prefers delayed manipulation of the contused frontal lobes. A timeframe of 10-14 days after trauma may be a good compromise for safe procedures with excellent neurologic and functional outcomes.


Assuntos
Procedimentos de Cirurgia Plástica , Fraturas Cranianas , Humanos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Fossa Craniana Anterior/cirurgia
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 16(11)2023 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37914165

RESUMO

A woman in her 70s presented to primary care clinic complaining of acute onset dizziness for 1 day that was initially diagnosed as vestibular neuritis and treated with steroids. The next day, she presented to the emergency department with worsening symptoms. Imaging revealed no intracranial process; however, non-contrast CT imaging revealed a soft-tissue mass in the posterior ethmoid sinus. The vertigo completely resolved before an otolaryngologist surgically removed the nasal mass, which actually originated from the right cribriform plate and extended to the anterior middle turbinate head. The final pathology was consistent with seromucinous hamartoma.


Assuntos
Hamartoma , Neuronite Vestibular , Feminino , Humanos , Cavidade Nasal/patologia , Conchas Nasais/patologia , Osso Etmoide/patologia , Vertigem , Hamartoma/patologia
16.
Eur Ann Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Dis ; 140(6): 289-295, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37926654

RESUMO

Progress in skull-base endoscopic surgery has improved our knowledge of olfactory cleft (OC) anatomy. This article presents a review of current knowledge concerning the OC roof: descriptive anatomy, radiological exploration, and endoscopic observation. The OC is a narrow area in the most superior part of the nasal cavity. Its roof is the thinnest structure separating the nasal cavities from the brain; it comprises three superimposed tissues: nasal mucosa, ethmoid cribriform plate (ECP), and dura mater. The ECP comprises the anterior ECP containing the ethmoidal slit (ES) medially and the cribroethmoidal foramen (CEF) laterally; and the posterior ECP, comprising the olfactory foramina. The OC roof is bordered anteriorly by the nasal bone roof, laterally by the lateral ethmoid masses, and posteriorly by the jugum and anterior wall of the sphenoid sinuses. Imaging is crucial for analyzing this wall, providing precise detailed information on conformation and anatomic relations with adjacent structures such as the anterior ethmoidal artery. Understanding OC roof anatomy and correct interpretation of imaging are essential for safety in present-day functional endoscopic sinus surgery and anterior skull-base oncologic surgery.


Assuntos
Osso Etmoide , Cavidade Nasal , Humanos , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Nasal/diagnóstico por imagem , Cavidade Nasal/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Seio Esfenoidal , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Base do Crânio/cirurgia
17.
J Vet Diagn Invest ; 35(6): 800-805, 2023 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37608783

RESUMO

Distinct patterns of local infiltration are a common feature of canine oligodendroglioma and astrocytoma, and typically involve the surrounding neuroparenchyma, ventricles, or leptomeninges. Infiltration of adjacent extraneural sites is rare and has not been well documented in veterinary medicine. Here we describe 6 canine gliomas with cribriform plate involvement (compression or infiltration) and caudal nasal invasion confirmed by neuroimaging, autopsy, and/or histology. All affected dogs were adults (9-12-y-old), and 3 were brachycephalic. Clinical signs were associated with the brain tumor, with no respiratory signs reported. Magnetic resonance imaging in 2 patients revealed a rostral intraparenchymal telencephalic mass with extension into the cribriform plate. All dogs were euthanized. Gross changes consisted of poorly demarcated, white or pale-yellow, soft, and, in oligodendrogliomas, gelatinous, intraparenchymal masses that expanded the rostral portions of the telencephalon and adhered firmly to the ethmoid bone and cribriform plate. Gliomas were classified as high-grade oligodendrogliomas (4 cases) and high-grade astrocytomas (2 cases) based on histology and immunohistochemistry for OLIG2 and GFAP. In all cases, there was evidence of cribriform plate invasion and, in one case, additional invasion of the caudal nasal cavity.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Glioma , Oligodendroglioma , Humanos , Cães , Animais , Oligodendroglioma/patologia , Oligodendroglioma/veterinária , Osso Etmoide/patologia , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/veterinária , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/veterinária , Astrocitoma/patologia , Astrocitoma/veterinária
18.
Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg ; 39(6): 617-620, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37450648

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a radiological analysis of the relation of the anterior ethmoidal foramen (AEF) to the cranial base and olfactory fossa (OF). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of computed tomography coronal scans of 35 orbits of 35 patients with Graves orbitopathy. Following a standard multiplanar reconstruction of the orbit, the authors measured the vertical and the horizontal distances of the AEF to the cranial base and to the lateral border of the OF, respectively. The height of the OF was measured at the level of the AEF and at the position of Keros classification. The presence of supraorbital ethmoid cells (SOEC) was also recorded. RESULTS: The vertical distance of the AEF to the cranial base ranged from 0.1 to 7.3 mm with a mean = 2.5 mm (SD = 2.17). In 47.5% of the orbits the foramen was adjacent (<1 mm) to the cranial base. The horizontal distance of the AEF to the lateral border of the OF ranged from 2.3 to 9.5 mm (mean = 5.4 mm, SD = 1.98). The presence of an SOEC (n = 12) increased significantly both the distance from the AEF to the cranial base and to the lateral border of the OF. The height of the OF at the level of AEF is not correlated with the depth of the OF at the level of Keros classification. CONCLUSIONS: In the absence of supraorbital pneumatization, the AEF location is a dangerous landmark for the upper limit of the transconjunctival medial wall decompression.


Assuntos
Oftalmopatia de Graves , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/cirurgia , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/cirurgia
19.
Clin Imaging ; 101: 167-179, 2023 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37379713

RESUMO

Given the demands of a busy high-volume trauma center, trauma radiologists are expected to evaluate an enormous number of images covering a multitude of facial bones in a short period of time in severely traumatized patients. Therefore, a comprehensive checklist, search pattern, and practical approach become indispensable for evaluation. Moreover, fracture complex classification conveys abundant information in a succinct shorthand fashion, which can be a large asset in a busy high-volume trauma center: reliably helping clinicians communicate urgent findings, make early treatment decisions, and effectively plan surgical approaches. Traditionally, radiologists' approach the CT axial dataset in top-down fashion: navigating their descent craniocaudal. However, a bottom-up approach may be advantageous, especially when it comes to facial fracture complex classification. Four key anatomic landmarks of the face, when evaluated sequentially in bottom-up fashion, are favorable to rapid single-sweep facial fracture characterization: the mandible, the pterygoid plates, the zygoma, and the bony orbits. That is, when done in succession: 1. Clearing the mandible rules out a panfacial smash fracture. 2. Clearing the pterygoid plates effectively rules out a Le Fort I, II, and III fracture. 3. Clearing the zygoma effectively rules out a zygomaticomaxillary complex (ZMC) type fracture. 4. Clearing the bony orbits effectively rules out a naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) fracture. Following this process of exclusion and elimination; as one ascends through the face, fracture characterization becomes more manageable and straightforward. Besides identifying all of the fractures and using the appropriate classification system, the radiologist also needs to recognize key clinically relevant soft tissue injuries that may be associated with facial fractures and thus should address these in the report.


Assuntos
Fraturas Cranianas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Humanos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Fraturas Cranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas Cranianas/cirurgia , Ossos Faciais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ossos Faciais/lesões , Osso Etmoide , Órbita
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(3): 749-757, jun. 2023. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514300

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The study purposed to examine the morphometry and morphology of crista galli in cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and apply a new analysis, supervised Machine Learning techniques to find the answers to research questions "Can sex be determined with crista galli morphometric measurements?" or "How effective are the crista galli morphometric measurements in determining sex?". Crista galli dimensions including anteroposterior, superoinferior, and laterolateral were measured and carried out on 200 healthy adult subjects (98 females; 102 males) aged between 18-79 years. Also, crista galli was classified with two methods called morphological types and Keros classification. In this study, the Chi-square test, Student's t-test, and Oneway ANOVA were performed. Additionally, Machine Learning techniques were applied. The means of the CGH, CGW, and CGL were found as 14.96 mm; 3.96 mm, and 12.76 mm in males, respectively. The same values were as 13.54 mm; 3.51 mm and 11.59±1.61 mm in females, respectively. The CG morphometric measurements of males were higher than those of females. There was a significant difference between sexes in terms of morphological classification type. Also, when the sex assignment of JRip was analyzed, out of 102 male instances 62 of them were correctly predicted, and for 98 female instances, 70 of them were correctly predicted according to their CG measurements. The JRip found the following classification rule for the given dataset: "if CGH<=14.4 then sex is female, otherwise sex is male". The accuracy of this rule is not high, but it gives an idea about the relationship between CG measurements and sex. Although the issue that CG morphometric measurements can be used in sex determination is still controversial, it was concluded in the analysis that CG morphometric measurements can be used in sex determination. Also, Machine Learning Techniques give an idea about the relationship between CG measurements and sex.


En el estudio se propuso examinar la morfometría y la morfología de la crista galli del hueso etmoides usando tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) y aplicar un nuevo análisis, técnicas de aprendizaje automático supervisado para encontrar las respuestas a las preguntas de investigación "¿Se puede determinar el sexo con mediciones morfométricas de la crista galli?" o "¿Qué tan efectivas son las medidas morfométricas de la crista galli para determinar el sexo?". Las dimensiones de la crista galli, incluidas los diámetros anteroposterior, superoinferior y laterolateral, se midieron y realizaron en 200 sujetos adultos sanos (98 mujeres; 102 hombres) con edades comprendidas entre los 18 y los 79 años. La crista galli se clasificó con dos métodos llamados tipos morfológicos y clasificación de Keros. En este estudio, se realizaron la prueba de Chicuadrado, la prueba t de Student y ANOVA de una vía. Adicionalmente, se aplicaron técnicas de Machine Learning. Las medias de CGH, CGW y CGL se encontraron en 14,96 mm; 3,96 mm y 12,76 mm en hombres, respectivamente. Los mismos valores fueron 13,54 mm; 3,51 mm y 11,59 ± 1,61 mm en mujeres, respectivamente. Las medidas morfométricas del CG de los hombress fueron más altas que las de las mujeres. Hubo una diferencia significativa entre sexos en cuanto al tipo de clasificación morfológica. Además, cuando se analizó la asignación de sexo de JRip, de 102 instancias masculinas, 62 de ellas se predijeron correctamente, y de 98 instancias femeninas, 70 de ellas se predijeron correctamente de acuerdo con las mediciones de CG. El JRip encontró la siguiente regla de clasificación para el conjunto de datos dado: "si CGH<=14.4, por tanto el sexo es femenino, de lo contrario, el sexo es masculino". La precisión de esta regla no es alta, pero da una idea de la relación entre las medidas del CG y el sexo. Aunque la pregunta si las medidas morfométricas CG se pueden usar en la determinación del sexo sigue aún siendo controvertida. Se concluyó en el análisis que las medidas morfométricas CG se pueden usar en la determinación del sexo. Además, las técnicas de aprendizaje automático dan una idea de la relación entre las medidas de CG y el sexo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Osso Esfenoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Etmoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Determinação do Sexo pelo Esqueleto , Osso Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Esfenoide/anatomia & histologia , Osso Etmoide/anatomia & histologia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Aprendizado de Máquina , Osso Frontal/anatomia & histologia
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