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1.
Georgian Med News ; (328-329): 34-37, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36318838

RESUMO

Objective - to justify the use of hip endoprosthesis techniques in dysplastic coxarthrosis depending on the type of dysplasia according to Crowe JF. The study is based on the analysis of hip replacement in 390 patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis, who underwent 436 endoprosthetics. There were 192 patients with type 1 dysplasia according to Crowe, type II - 142, type III - 38 and type IV - 18 patients. The age of patients ranged from 15 to 61 years and averaged 43 years. Pathology was prevalent in women, which accounted for 90 %. Preference was given to prostheses with a cementless type of fixation, which accounted for 89 %. An important task of the surgeon during hip replacement in patients with dysplastic coxarthrosis is to install the acetabulum component of the prosthesis in an anatomical position in compliance with the recommendations of spatial location, especially in types III and IV of dysplasia. Endoprosthetics in types 1 and II of hip dysplasia did not present any difficulties. The amount of bone tissue of the acetabulum of the pelvis is sufficient for the use of cups with primary press-fit fixation. Usually, acetabular components of small size were used. In type III dysplasia, there was a significant deficit of bone tissue of the anterior, posterior columns and acetabular roof. In such cases, bone grafting is used. Shortening of the limb in type III dysplasia, as a rule, does not exceed 4 cm, so the surgery may be performed in one stage and without a shortening osteotomy. In type IV dysplasia with shortening of the lower limb to 4 cm, a single stage endoprosthetics is performed it is possible to perform a shortening osteotomy of the proximal femur. Іn patients with a unilateral process and shortening of the limb more than 4 centimeters, we used the two-stage surgery method. At the first stage, we applied a rod device for external fixation with the introduction of rods into the pelvis and hip, then gradually performed hip traction in order to lower the femoral head to the level of the acetabulum, after which the device was dismantled and at the second stage hip replacement was performed. The acetabular component in hip replacement in Crowe type III or IV dysplasia should be placed in the anatomical position of the acetabulum. If the cranial displacement of the femoral head is less than 4 cm, hip replacement should be performed in one stage. In a unilateral cranial displacement of the femoral head of more than 4 cm, in order to avoid neurovascular bundle traction damage and facilitate the reduction of the prosthesis, preparation should be performed with the reduction of the femoral head to the level of the anatomical acetabulum using an external fixation rod device. It is possible to use a shortening osteotomy of the proximal femur, but then the length of the limb is not restored.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Luxação Congênita de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/patologia , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Acetábulo/patologia , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cabeça do Fêmur/patologia , Cabeça do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fêmur/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 17173, 2022 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36229640

RESUMO

Cementless calcar-guided femoral short stems in total hip arthroplasty (THA) have become increasingly popular over the years. Early distal migration of femoral stems measured by Einzel-Bild-Roentgen Analyse, Femoral Component Analyse (EBRA-FCA) has been reported to be a risk factor for aseptic loosening. The aim of this study was to analyse axial migration behavior and subsidence of a new short stem (launched in 2015) over a follow-up period of 3 years. According to the study protocol, 100 hip osteoarthritis patients who consecutively received an unilateral cementless calcar-guided short stem (ANA.NOVA proxy) at a single department were prospectively included in this mid-term follow-up study. Thirteen patients were lost to follow-up, resulting in 87 patients with unilateral THA who fulfilled the criteria for migration analysis with EBRA-FCA. The cohort comprised 41 males (mean age: 60 ± 16.5; mean BMI (Body Mass Index): 30 ± 13) and 46 females (mean age: 61 ± 15.5; mean BMI: 27 ± 10). Seven standardized radiographs per patient were analyzed with EBRA-FCA. An average migration of 2.0 mm (0.95-3.35) was observed within the first 3 years. The median increase during the first year was higher than in the second and third year (1.2 mm [IQR: 0.5-2.15] vs. 0.3 mm [IQR: 0.1-0.6 mm] vs. 0.25 mm [IQR: 0.1-0.5 mm]. Detected migration did not lead to stem loosening, instability, dislocation, or revision surgery in any patient. A higher risk for subsidence was observed in male and heavyweight patients, whereas the female gender was associated with a lower risk. No correlation between migration and revision could be observed. Although moderate subsidence was detectable, the performance of the short stem ANA.NOVA proxy is encouraging. Yet, its use may be re-considered in overweight and male patients due to more pronounced subsidence.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 903, 2022 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36217164

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Uni- or bilateral hip osteoarthritis is a common disease generating pain, stiffness, and functional disabilities. Changes in the normal walking with higher energy expenditures are observed. Facing a cruel lack of biomechanical data, we decided to analyse the impact on the walking of single and simultaneous bilateral total hip arthroplasties (THA). METHOD: We conducted a prospective monocentric study, comparing two matched groups of 15 patients able to walk with symptomatic isolated uni- (group 1) or bilateral HO (group 2) and treated respectively by unilateral THA (UTHA) or simultaneous bilateral THA (SBTHA). Surgery was performed by a single surgeon with a direct anterior approach and approved by local ethical committee. Walking was assessed by a « 3D Gait analysis motion¼ pre and at 6 months post operatively. RESULT: In the UTHA group, recovery, i.e., efficiency of locomotor mechanism (p < 0.001) and pelvis sagittal balance (p = 0.031) improved, while external and total work (p = 0.010) decreased post operatively. In the SBTHA group, speed (p = 0.035), step length (p = 0.046), range of motion of knee sagittal stance (p = 0.009) and hip frontal (p = 0.031), and internal work are significatively higher (p < 0.001) post operatively. CONCLUSIONS: This original study attests that THA has a positive impact on walking and energetics outcome in UTHA and SBTHA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Marcha , Análise da Marcha , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Caminhada
5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 924, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited information exists comparing the perioperative complications of the different inflammatory arthropathies (IAs) after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Our study was aimed to (1) compare perioperative complications and (2) determine the most common complications between the different IA subtypes compared with patients with primary osteoarthritis (OA) undergoing primary THA and (3) find whether the difference in postoperative complications also exists between different IA after THA. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used to identify patients with Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and primary OA undergoing unilateral THA between 2005 and 2014. Preoperative diagnosis, comorbidities, and postoperative complications were determined using the International Classification of Disease Clinical Modification version 9 codes. The prevalence of perioperative complications was compared between patients with IA and primary OA and between patients with different IA. RESULTS: When compared with patients with primary OA, patients with RA had significantly more postoperative surgical and medical complications. Yet there are just several medical complications differences exist between PA and primary OA or AS and primary OA, including stroke and acute renal failure for psoriatic arthritis and urinary tract infection and pneumonia for AS. What is more, there were also several differences in perioperative medical complications seen in patients with different IA. CONCLUSION: Except for patients with RA, the differences in perioperative complications was small between patients with IA and primary OA and between patients with different types of IA.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica , Artrite Reumatoide , Artroplastia de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite , Espondilite Anquilosante , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artrite Psoriásica/epidemiologia , Artrite Psoriásica/cirurgia , Artrite Psoriásica/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/epidemiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/cirurgia , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite do Quadril/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico
6.
Acta Orthop ; 93: 742-749, 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121126

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To determine whether the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score-Physical function Short-form (HOOS-PS) is able to appropriately evaluate physical function in revision hip arthroplasty patients, this study assesses psychometric properties of the Dutch HOOS-PS in this patient population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We assessed psychometric properties of the HOOS-PS following the Consensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement Instruments (COSMIN) criteria. Content validity, including comprehensibility, comprehensiveness, and relevance of the items, was assessed using cognitive debriefing interviews in hip revision patients (n = 8) and orthopedic surgeons specialized in revision surgery (n = 7). Construct validity, responsiveness, and interpretability (floor/ceiling effects) were assessed in revision hip arthroplasty patients (baseline n = 136, follow-up n = 67). We formulated hypotheses a priori to assess construct validity and responsiveness using the EuroQol 5-Dimensions Health Questionnaire, Numeric Rating scale for pain, and Oxford Hip Score as comparators. All questionnaires were measured at baseline and 1 year postoperatively. RESULTS: We found insufficient content validity of the HOOS-PS, as relevance and comprehensibility of the items scored < 85% on the COSMIN criteria for revision hip arthroplasty patients. Construct validity was sufficient as all hypotheses were confirmed (≥ 75% COSMIN criteria). Interpretability was sufficient (< 15% COSMIN criteria) and responsiveness was insufficient (< 75% COSMIN criteria). INTERPRETATION: The Dutch HOOS-PS is not able to sufficiently evaluate physical function in revision hip arthroplasty patients. Minor changes in the items are needed for the HOOS-PS to become sufficiently content valid, because the HOOS-PS lacks relevant items and comprehensiveness.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Atividades Cotidianas , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Reoperação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Bone Joint J ; 104-B(9): 1025-1031, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047020

RESUMO

AIMS: Pelvic tilt is believed to affect the symptomology of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip by alterations in joint movement, dysplasia of the hip by modification of acetabular cover, and femoroacetabular impingement by influencing the impingement-free range of motion. While the apparent role of pelvic tilt in hip pathology has been reported, the exact effects of many forms of treatment on pelvic tilt are unknown. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the effects of surgery on pelvic tilt in these three groups of patients. METHODS: The demographic, radiological, and outcome data for all patients operated on by the senior author between October 2016 and January 2020 were identified from a prospective registry, and all those who underwent surgery with a primary diagnosis of OA, dysplasia, or femoroacetabular impingement were considered for inclusion. Pelvic tilt was assessed on anteroposterior (AP) standing radiographs using the pre- and postoperative pubic symphysis to sacroiliac joint (PS-SI) distance, and the outcomes were assessed with the Hip Outcome Score (HOS), International Hip Outcome Tool (iHOT-12), and Harris Hip Score (HHS). RESULTS: The linear regression model revealed a significant negative predictive association between the standing pre- and postoperative PS-SI distances for all three groups of patients (all p < 0.001). There was a significant improvement in all three outcome measures between the pre- and postoperative values (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a statistically significant decrease in pelvic tilt after surgery in patients with OA of the hip, dysplasia, and femoroacetabular impingement. These results confirm that surgery significantly alters the pelvic orientation. Pelvic tilt significantly decreased after total hip arthroplasty, periacetabular osteotomy, and arthroscopy/surgical hip dislocation. The impact of surgery on pelvic tilt should be considered within the therapeutic plan in order to optimize pelvic orientation in these patients.Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2022;104-B(9):1025-1031.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Impacto Femoroacetabular , Luxação do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Luxação do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação do Quadril/cirurgia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15327, 2022 09 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096936

RESUMO

We investigated the differences in outcomes after total hip arthroplasty (THA) for hip osteoarthritis (HOA) between patients with and without central sensitivity syndromes (CSSs) other than fibromyalgia (FM). After excluding two patients with FM, we compared the clinical data of 41 patients with CSSs and 132 patients without CSSs. Clinical data included scores on the central sensitization inventory, visual analog scale for pain (VAS pain), and Japanese Orthopedic Association Hip Disease Evaluation Questionnaire (JHEQ). VAS pain was significantly higher at 3 and 6 months after THA in patients with CSSs than in those without CSSs (3 and 6 months, P < 0.001). Satisfaction, pain, and mental JHEQ scores were lower in patients with CSSs than in those without CSSs (satisfaction, P < 0.001; pain, P = 0.011; mental, P = 0.032). Multiple regression analyses indicated that one and ≥ 2 CSS diagnoses significantly impacted the satisfaction score (one CSS, ß = - 0.181, P = 0.019; ≥ 2 CSSs, ß = - 0.175, P = 0.023). Two or more CSSs were the only factor influencing the pain score (ß = - 0.175, P = 0.027). Pain in patients with CSSs reflects central sensitization, which may adversely affect post-operative outcomes. Surgeons should pay attention to patients with a history of CSSs diagnoses who undergo THA for HOA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fibromialgia , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Fibromialgia/complicações , Fibromialgia/diagnóstico , Fibromialgia/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/complicações , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Dor/etiologia , Síndrome
9.
Scand J Surg ; 111(4): 92-98, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113003

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standardized surgery rates for common orthopedic procedures vary across geographical areas in Norway. We explored whether area-level factors related to demand and supply in publicly funded healthcare are associated with geographical variation in surgery rates for six common orthopedic procedures. METHODS: The present study is a cross-sectional population-based study of hospital referral areas in Norway. We included adult admissions for arthroscopy for degenerative knee disease, arthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the knee and hip, surgical treatment for hip fracture, and decompression with/without fusion for lumbar disk herniation and lumbar spinal stenosis in 2012-2016. Variation in age and sex standardized rates was estimated using extremal quotients, coefficients of variation, and systematic components of variation (SCV). Associations between surgery rates and the socioeconomic factors urbanity, unemployment, low-income, high level of education, mortality, and number of surgeons and hospitals were explored with linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Knee arthroscopy showed highest level of variation (SCV 10.3) and decreased in numbers. Variation was considerable for spine surgery (SCV 3.8-4.9), moderate to low for arthroplasty procedures (SCV 0.8-2.6), and small for hip fracture surgery (SCV 0.2). Higher rates of knee arthroscopy were associated with more orthopedic surgeons (adjusted coefficient 24.8, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.7-47.0), and less urban population (adjusted coefficient -13.3, 95% CI: -25.4 to -1.2). Higher spine surgery rates were associated with more hospitals (adjusted coefficient 22.4, 95% CI: 4.6-40.2), more urban population (adjusted coefficient 2.1, 95% CI: 0.4-3.8), and lower mortality (adjusted coefficient -192.6, 95% CI: -384.2 to -1.1). Rates for arthroplasty and hip fracture surgery were not associated with supply/demand factors included. CONCLUSIONS: Arthroscopy for degenerative knee disease decreased in line with guidelines, but showed high variation of surgery rates. Socioeconomic factors included in this study did not explain geographical variation in orthopedic surgery.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Quadril , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Adulto , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Artroscopia
10.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 30(20): e1348-e1357, 2022 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36044283

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have documented racial and ethnic disparities in total joint arthroplasty (TJA) utilization in the United States. A potential mediator of healthcare disparities is unequal access to care, and studies have suggested that disparities may be ameliorated in systems of universal access. The purpose of this study was to assess whether racial/ethnic disparities in TJA utilization persist in a universally insured population of patients enrolled in a managed healthcare system. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used data from a US integrated healthcare system (2015 to 2019). Patients aged 50 years and older with a diagnosis of hip or knee osteoarthritis were included. The outcome of interest was utilization of primary total hip arthroplasty and/or total knee arthroplasty, and the exposure of interest was race/ethnicity. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were modeled using multivariable Poisson regression controlling for confounders. RESULTS: There were 99,548 patients in the hip analysis and 290,324 in the knee analysis. Overall, 10.2% of the patients were Black, 20.5% were Hispanic, 9.6% were Asian, and 59.7% were White. In the multivariable analysis, utilization of primary total hip arthroplasty was significantly lower for all minority groups including Black (IRR, 0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.52-0.57, P < 0.0001), Hispanic (IRR, 0.63, 95% CI, 0.60-0.66, P < 0.0001), and Asian (IRR, 0.64, 95% CI, 0.61-0.68, P < 0.0001). Similarly, utilization of primary total knee arthroplasty was significantly lower for all minority groups including Black (IRR, 0.52, 95% CI, 0.49-0.54, P < 0.0001), Hispanic (IRR, 0.72, 95% CI, 0.70-0.75, P < 0.0001), and Asian (IRR, 0.60, 95% CI, 0.57-0.63, P < 0.0001) (all in comparison with White as reference). CONCLUSIONS: In this study of TJA utilization in a universally insured population of patients enrolled in a managed healthcare system, disparities on the basis of race and ethnicity persisted. Additional research is required to determine the reasons for this finding and to identify interventions which could ameliorate these disparities.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Etnicidade , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Syst Rev ; 11(1): 165, 2022 08 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948989

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prediction models for poor patient-reported surgical outcomes after total hip replacement (THR) and total knee replacement (TKR) may provide a method for improving appropriate surgical care for hip and knee osteoarthritis. There are concerns about methodological issues and the risk of bias of studies producing prediction models. A critical evaluation of the methodological quality of prediction modelling studies in THR and TKR is needed to ensure their clinical usefulness. This systematic review aims to (1) evaluate and report the quality of risk stratification and prediction modelling studies that predict patient-reported outcomes after THR and TKR; (2) identify areas of methodological deficit and provide recommendations for future research; and (3) synthesise the evidence on prediction models associated with post-operative patient-reported outcomes after THR and TKR surgeries. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL electronic databases will be searched to identify relevant studies. Title and abstract and full-text screening will be performed by two independent reviewers. We will include (1) prediction model development studies without external validation; (2) prediction model development studies with external validation of independent data; (3) external model validation studies; and (4) studies updating a previously developed prediction model. Data extraction spreadsheets will be developed based on the CHARMS checklist and TRIPOD statement and piloted on two relevant studies. Study quality and risk of bias will be assessed using the PROBAST tool. Prediction models will be summarised qualitatively. Meta-analyses on the predictive performance of included models will be conducted if appropriate. A narrative review will be used to synthesis the evidence if there are insufficient data to perform meta-analyses. DISCUSSION: This systematic review will evaluate the methodological quality and usefulness of prediction models for poor outcomes after THR or TKR. This information is essential to provide evidence-based healthcare for end-stage hip and knee osteoarthritis. Findings of this review will contribute to the identification of key areas for improvement in conducting prognostic research in this field and facilitate the progress in evidence-based tailored treatments for hip and knee osteoarthritis. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO registration number CRD42021271828.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Prognóstico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
13.
Trials ; 23(1): 716, 2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36038894

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the most common disabilities in the elderly. When conservative management fails, total joint arthroplasty (TJA) is the treatment of choice for end-stage OA. Since quality and durability of implants has steadily improved, pre -and postsurgical processes moved into the focus of research. Hence, eHealth approaches offer an opportunity to provide a more available continuity of care. Regarding individualized pre-, peri-, and postsurgical stages, eHealth is expected to improve patient engagement, self-care, and outcomes across the surgical pathway. Aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the eHealth application "alley" as an adjuvant intervention to TJA. The app provides comprehensive information to empower patient with hip or knee OA to prepare and accompany them for their TJA surgery. Our primary hypothesis is that the pre- and postoperative adjuvant use of the eHealth application "alley" (intervention group, IG) leads to improved functional outcome. METHODS: Prospective, randomized, controlled, multi-center trial including n = 200 patients diagnosed with hip and n = 200 patients with knee OA (n = 200) scheduled for TJA. Patients of both groups will be randomly assigned to one of two study arms. Patients in the intervention group will receive access to the functions of the "alley" app. The app presents informative (e.g., information about osteoarthritis), organizational (e.g., information about medical rehabilitation), and emotional/empowerment (e.g., information about the relationship between mood and pain) content. Patients evaluate their condition and functional level by means of standardized digitally questionnaires. Patients in the control group will not receive any functions of the app. Assessments will be performed at baseline before, 10 days after, 1 months after, 3 months after, 6 months after, and 12 months after TJA. Primary outcome is change from baseline measured by the Hip Osteoarthritis Outcome Score or Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score 3 months after TJA. The statistical analysis (t-test for independent variables with effect size Cohen's d) is performed separately for patients with TKA and THA. DISCUSSION: Overall, the study aims to improve the understanding of the benefits of eHealth applications in the treatment of elderly patients with knee or hip arthroplasty. The approach is novel since a health care companion is combined with a digital information platform enabling direct and continuous feedback from the patients to the therapeutic treatment team. As the study investigate the effectiveness under everyday conditions, it is not feasible to control whether the patients in the IG read the educational information of the app respectively the control group consume additional information from other sources. However, this increases the external validity of the study if significant effects for the app can be demonstrated. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register: DRKS00025608. Registered on 21 June 2021.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Artroplastia do Joelho , Aplicativos Móveis , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Idoso , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 806, 2022 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Applications of patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for individual patient management are expanding with the support of digital tools. Providing PROM-based information to patients can potentially improve care experiences and outcomes through informing and activating patients. This study explored patients' perspectives on the benefits of receiving feedback on PROMs in the context of a web-based personalized decision report to guide care for their hip or knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive interview study was nested in a pragmatic clinical trial of a personalized report, which includes descriptive PROM scores and predicted postoperative PROM scores. Patients completed a semi-structured interview within 6 weeks of an office visit with an orthopaedic surgeon. Only patients who reported receiving the report and reviewing it with the surgeon and/or a health educator were included. Data were iteratively analyzed using a combination of deductive and inductive coding strategies. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients aged 49-82 years (60% female, 72% surgical treatment decision) participated and described three primary benefits of the PROM feedback within the report: 1. Gaining Information About My Health Status, including data teaching new information, confirming what was known, or providing a frame of reference; 2. Fostering Communication Between Patient and Surgeon, encompassing use of the data to set expectations, ask and answer questions, and facilitate shared understanding; and 3. Increasing My Confidence and Trust, relating to the treatment outcomes, treatment decision, and surgeon. CONCLUSIONS: Patients identified actual and hypothetical benefits of receiving feedback on PROM scores in the context of a web-based decision report, including advantages for those who had already made a treatment decision before seeing the surgeon. Findings provide insight into patients' perspectives on how digital PROM data can promote patient-centered care. Results should be considered in the context of the homogeneous sample and complex trial. While participants perceived value in this personalized report, questions remain regarding best practices in patient-facing data presentation and engagement. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03102580. Registered on 5 April 2017.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa
16.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 747, 2022 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35927649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2019, Germany had the highest rate of hip replacement surgery and the fourth highest rate of knee replacement surgery among more than 30 OECD countries. The age-standardised rates were estimated at 174 hip joint and 137 knee joint replacements per 100,000 population. Against this background, the contrast between financial incentives for surgery and missing incentives for non-surgical treatment options is repeatedly discussed. Quality indicators (QIs) can serve to measure and transparently present the quality of evidence-based care. Comparing results in the form of audit and feedback has been shown to improve e.g. guideline-compliant ambulatory care. Existing QIs targeting the care of gon- and coxarthrosis mainly focus on discharge management after joint replacement surgery and/or require additional data collection. Therefore, as part of the MobilE-ARTH project, a set of QIs for ambulatory care prior to joint replacement surgery calculable based on routine data is being developed. The present study's aim is to evaluate the impact of this QI set in terms of providing feedback on the quality of care. METHODS: The MobilE-ARTH project comprises (Phase 1) developing a QI set following the RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method, (Phase 2) implementing the QIs in established physician networks of a German statutory health insurance (SHI) within a prospective, non-blinded, cluster-randomised pilot study, and (Phase 3) evaluating the QI set's effectiveness. The physicians in the intervention networks will (a) receive feedback reports providing information about the routine data-based QIs of their gon- and/or coxarthrosis patients and aggregated results for their network, and (b) be invited to two voluntary, facilitated network meetings. In these network meetings, the physicians can use the information provided on the feedback reports to discuss multiprofessional care pathways for patients with gon- and/or coxarthrosis. Selected indicators of the QI set will serve as primary and secondary outcome measures. Routine data will be analysed within multi-level models using an intention-to-treat approach. DISCUSSION: Feedback reports help maintaining clinical standards and closing the gap between evidence and medical practice, thus enabling an overall improvement in health care. Providing physicians with QI-based information on quality of care promotes identifying strengths and weaknesses in medical treatments. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register, number DRKS00027516 , Registered 25th January 2022 - Prospectively registered.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite do Joelho , Assistência Ambulatorial , Ensaios Clínicos Fase I como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
17.
Can J Surg ; 65(4): E504-E511, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926884

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty may develop adverse reactions to metal debris that can lead to clinically concerning symptoms, often needing revision surgery. As such, many regulatory authorities advocate for routine blood metal ion measurement. This study compares whole blood metal ion levels obtained 1 year following Birmingham Hip Resurfacing (BHR) to levels obtained at a minimum 10-year follow-up. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted to identify all patients who underwent a BHR for osteoarthritis with a minimum 10-year follow-up. Whole blood metal ion levels were obtained at final follow-up in June 2019. These results were compared with patients' metal ion levels at 1 year. RESULTS: Of the 211 patients who received a BHR, 71 patients (54 males and 17 females) had long-term metal ion levels assessed (mean follow-up 12.7 ± 1.4 yr). The mean cobalt and chromium levels for patients with unilateral BHRs (43 males and 13 females) were 3.12 ± 6.31 µg/L and 2.62 ± 2.69 µg/L, respectively; for patients with bilateral BHRs (11 males and 4 females) cobalt and chromium levels were 2.78 ± 1.02 µg/L and 1.83 ± 0.65 µg/L, respectively. Thirty-five patients (27 male and 8 female) had metal ion levels tested at 1 year postoperatively. The mean changes in cobalt and chromium levels were 2.29 µg/L (p = 0.0919) and 0.57 µg/L (p = 0.1612), respectively. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that regular metal ion testing as per current regulatory agency guidelines may be impractical for asymptomatic patients. Metal ion levels may in fact have little utility in determining the risk of failure and should be paired with radiographic and clinical findings to determine the need for revision.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Osteoartrite , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Cromo , Cobalto , Feminino , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Próteses Articulares Metal-Metal/efeitos adversos , Metais , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Trials ; 23(1): 647, 2022 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35964101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty is considered an efficacious procedure for relieving pain and disability, but despite that objectively measured physical activity level remains unchanged compared to pre-surgery and is still considerably lower than that of a healthy age- and sex-matched population 6-12 months post-surgery. Since there is a graded relationship between physical activity level and functional performance, increasing physical activity may enhance the outcome of the procedure. This study aims to investigate whether promotion and support of physical activity initiated 3 months after total hip arthroplasty complementary to usual rehabilitation care can increase objective measured physical activity 6 months post-surgery. METHODS: The trial is designed as a pragmatic, parallel group, two-arm, assessor-blinded, superiority, randomized (1:1), controlled trial with post intervention follow-up 6 and 12 months after total hip arthroplasty. Home-dwelling, independent, and self-reliant patients with hip osteoarthritis are provisionally enrolled prior to surgery and re-screened about 2-3 months post-surgery to confirm eligibility. Baseline assessment is conducted 3 months post-surgery. Subsequently, patients (n=200) are randomized to either a 3-month, multimodal physical activity promotion/education intervention or control (no further attention). The intervention consists of face-to-face and telephone counselling, patient education material, pedometer, and step-counting journal. The primary outcome is objectively measured physical activity, specifically the proportion of patients that complete on average ≥8000 steps per day 6 months post-surgery. Secondary outcomes include core outcomes (i.e., physical function, pain, and patient global assessment) and health-related quality of life. Furthermore, we will explore the effect of the intervention on self-efficacy and outcome expectations (i.e., tertiary outcomes). DISCUSSION: By investigating the effectiveness of a pedometer-driven, face-to-face, and telephone-assisted counselling, behavior change intervention in complementary to usual rehabilitation, we hope to deliver applicable and generalizable knowledge to support physical activity after total hip arthroplasty and potentially enhance the outcome of the procedure. TRIAL REGISTRATION: www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov NCT04471532 . Registered on July 15, 2020.


Assuntos
Exercício Físico , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/reabilitação , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Ensaios Clínicos Pragmáticos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur Spine J ; 31(11): 3081-3088, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35999305

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the progression of hip pathology and risk factors after ASD surgery. METHODS: This case-control study enrolled 123 patients (246 hips); seven hips underwent hip arthroplasty were excluded. We measured the center-edge (CE) angle, joint space width (JSW), and Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) grade. We defined a CE angle˂25° as developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH). We evaluated S2 alar-iliac (AI) screw loosening at final follow-up. RESULTS: The annual decrease in the JSW was 0.31 mm up to 1 year, and 0.13 mm after 1 year (p = 0.001). KL grade progression occurred in 24 hips (10.0%; group P), while no progression occurred in 215 (90.0%; group N) hips. Nonparametric analysis between groups P and N revealed that significant differences were observed in sex, DDH, KL grade, ratio of S2AI screw fixation at baseline, and ratio of S2AI screw loosening at final follow-up. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that DDH (p = 0.018, odds ratio (OR) = 3.0, 95%CI = 1.2-7.3), baseline KL grade (p < 0.0001, OR = 37.7, 95%CI = 7.0-203.2), and S2AI screw fixation (p = 0.035, OR = 3.4, 95%CI = 1.1-10.4) were significant factors. We performed sub-analysis to elucidate the relationship between screw loosening and hip osteoarthritis in 131 hips that underwent S2AI screw fixation. Non-loosening of the S2AI screw was a significant factor for KL grade progression (p < 0.0001, OR = 8.9, 95%CI = 3.0-26.4). CONCLUSION: This study identified the prevalence and risk factors for the progression of hip osteoarthritis after ASD surgery. Physicians need to pay attention to the hip joint pathology after ASD surgery.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ílio/cirurgia , Parafusos Ósseos/efeitos adversos , Articulação do Quadril , Sacro/cirurgia
20.
Clin Rehabil ; 36(12): 1613-1622, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35892135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of Action Observation and Motor Imagery administered the day before surgery on functional recovery in patients after total hip arthroplasty. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Humanitas Clinical and Research Center, Milan, Italy. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty inpatients with end-stage hip osteoarthritis undergoing total hip arthroplasty. INTERVENTIONS: All patients followed a standardized postoperative rehabilitation program. Experimental group (AO + MI) performed two 12-minute Action Observation and Motor Imagery sessions on the preoperative day, whereas control group underwent usual care consisting of education without any additional preoperative activity. OUTCOME MEASURES: A blinded physiotherapist assessed participants for functional mobility (Timed Up and Go - TUG) (primary outcome), maximum walking speed (10-Meter Walk Test - 10MWT), pain (Numeric Pain Rating Scale - NPRS) and fear of movement (Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia - TSK) the day before and at four days after surgery. RESULTS: No between-group differences were found at baseline. Although TUG and 10MWT worsened in both groups (p < 0.001), better TUG was found for AO + MI group at four days (mean difference -5.8 s, 95% confidence interval from -11.3 to -0.3 s, p = 0.039). NPRS (p < 0.001) and TSK (p = 0.036 for AO + MI group, p = 0.003 for control group) improved after surgery without between-group differences. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing Action Observation and Motor Imagery on the day before surgery showed less functional decline than control group in the first days after total hip arthroplasty. This intervention may contribute to a safer discharge with higher functional abilities in patients hospitalized for total hip arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril , Artroplastia de Quadril/reabilitação , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Dor , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Velocidade de Caminhada
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