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1.
J Orthop Traumatol ; 23(1): 3, 2022 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34993646

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the outcomes and complications of anatomical shoulder arthroplasty (aTSA) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (rTSA) for primary glenohumeral osteoarthritis with intact cuff tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched for studies published before March 2, 2021 using the PRISMA guidelines. Studies were included if they directly compared aTSA and rTSA for treating primary glenohumeral arthritis. A meta-analysis was performed using six studies that compared radiologic outcomes, functional scores, and range of motion (ROM). All the data were pooled using a random-effects model. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated as dichotomous data, while continuous data were analyzed using mean differences with 95% CIs. RESULTS: Two independent researchers reviewed 1,061 studies. Six studies met the inclusion criteria. The range of motion, especially external rotation, was better for aTSA than for rTSA (MD = - 10.28, 95% CI: - 16.69 to - 3.88, P = 0.002). Functional scores showed no difference between aTSA and rTSA. Glenoid loosening (OR = 0.17, 95% CI: 0.06-0.50, P = 0.001) was more common with aTSA, and scapula notching (OR = 10.63, 95% CI: 1.73-65.27, P = 0.01) with rTSA. In the mid-term follow-up, the overall revision rate showed no difference between aTSA and rTSA, with a pooled OR of 0.33 (95% CI: 0.07-1.57, P = 0.16). CONCLUSION: A better ROM was achieved after aTSA than after rTSA. There was no difference in the revision rate at mid-term follow-up between aTSA and rTSA. Glenoid loosening was more common with aTSA, and scapula notching with rTSA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level IV, Meta-analysis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Osteoartrite , Articulação do Ombro , Artroplastia do Ombro/métodos , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Tendões , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
J Shoulder Elbow Surg ; 31(1): e14-e21, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) has continued to increase in clinical utility and popularity as an effective treatment for cuff tear arthropathy (CTA), irreparable rotator cuff tears (RCTs), osteoarthritis, and acute 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. Performing RTSA for acute proximal humeral fractures presents the unique challenges of tuberosity management, bone loss, and instability compared with elective indications such as CTA or irreparable RCTs. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes, active range of motion (ROM), radiographic outcomes, and complications between patients undergoing elective RTSA (RTSA-E) and those undergoing RTSA for fracture (RTSA-F). METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. We queried 3 electronic databases (Embase, Cochrane, and PubMed) using the search term "reverse" AND "shoulder" AND "arthroplasty." Studies investigating the clinical outcomes of RTSA for traumatic and/or elective indications were included. Studies were excluded if they included RTSA performed for fracture sequelae, inflammatory arthritis, post-traumatic osteoarthritis, or avascular necrosis. Data collected included patient demographic characteristics, subjective outcome measurements, ROM, and complications. The pooled means and proportions along with their 95% confidence intervals were generated by a random-effects model that incorporated the between-study variations in weighting. RESULTS: A total of 134 studies (11,651 shoulders) investigating the clinical outcomes of RTSA-E patients and 66 studies (3117 shoulders) investigating RTSA-F patients were included in this systematic review. Analysis of patient-reported outcomes demonstrated that RTSA-F patients experienced significantly lower Constant scores than RTSA-E patients; however, relative Constant scores, Simple Shoulder Test scores, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand scores, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores, and visual analog scale pain scores were similar. RTSA-F patients also had significantly lower forward elevation, abduction, and external rotation. RTSA-F patients experienced tuberosity complications at a significantly higher rate than RTSA-E patients (25.9% vs. 4.1%). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in terms of other complications such as heterotopic ossification, radiographic loosening, revision, nerve injury, postoperative stiffness, infection, dislocation, and component loosening. DISCUSSION: RTSA performed for acute 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures yields overall worse clinical outcomes and active ROM compared with RTSA performed for elective indications including CTA, massive irreparable RCTs, and osteoarthritis with deformity. Tuberosity healing may be a major contributing factor to the difference in clinical outcomes. In the setting of RTSA-F, patient and surgeon expectations may need to be tempered and appropriate measures undertaken to optimize tuberosity healing.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Osteoartrite , Fraturas do Ombro , Articulação do Ombro , Artroplastia , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ombro , Fraturas do Ombro/diagnóstico por imagem , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Estados Unidos
3.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(763): 2173-2179, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910403

RESUMO

Ankle osteoarthritis often presents in patients with a history of lower leg trauma. Hence, they are young with sportive demands and in the active labor phase, treatment must be adapted. Non-surgical treatment is based on corrective orthotics, supportive shoes, and intraarticular hyaluronic acid injections. Joint preserving surgery (JPS) represents a valid alternative to the traditional ankle fusion. JPS may restore normal biomechanics of the ankle joint, resulting in substantial postoperative pain relief, functional improvement, and slowing of the degeneration process. Overall, JPS defers the need for secondary surgeries in most of these young patients, making these patients suitable candidates for joint motion-preserving surgery, as is the case of ankle arthroplasty.


Assuntos
Tornozelo , Osteoartrite , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artrodese , Artroplastia , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Gravidez , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(4): 728-733, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789097

RESUMO

Thumb carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis is a common condition that is treated nonsurgically. When conservative treatments fail, surgery is considered. Recently, suture button suspensionplasty has attracted attention and yielded good clinical results. We have developed a novel suture button suspensionplasty procedure called "cross-coupling suture button suspensionplasty" (CC-SBS) using a pair of suture button devices after a complete trapeziectomy. This retrospective study aimed to report the short-term clinical results of patients who underwent CC-SBS at our institution. We evaluated 10 hands of 10 patients (9 women and 1 man; average age, 67 years) who were refractory to conservative treatment and underwent CC-SBS at our institution between 2015 and 2017. We evaluated the preoperative Eaton stage and postoperative trapezial space height immediately after surgery and at the final visit; measured the trapezial space height, range of motion of the palmar and radial abduction of the carpometacarpal joint at the final visit; measured the preoperative and postoperative pinch strength; and recorded postoperative complications. The mean trapezial space height was 6.5 mm, and the mean radial and palmar abductions were 47° and 45°, respectively, at the final visit. The average pinch strength improved to 3.8 kg at the final visit compared to that pre-operation. In one case, a second metacarpal fracture occurred 2 weeks post-surgery, but no other complications were reported. Conclusion: CC-SBS showed short-term clinical outcomes similar to those of ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition and demonstrated faster overall recovery. Our procedure does not need a donor tendon for suspension and is technically simple and less invasive than ligament reconstruction tendon interposition. Thus, stronger initial fixation is obtained by using two suture button devices, and rehabilitation can be started from an early stage. We believe that this procedure is a good surgical option for carpometacarpal joint osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Articulações Carpometacarpais , Osteoartrite , Idoso , Articulações Carpometacarpais/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulações Carpometacarpais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suturas , Polegar/cirurgia
5.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(4): 684-696, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789103

RESUMO

Background: Unconstrained pyrocarbon and metal-on-polyethylene (MoP) proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint arthroplasty is an increasingly popular alternative to silicone implants and arthrodesis. This systematic review appraises their outcomes. Methods: 30 studies comprising 1,324 joints (813 pyrocarbon, 511 MoP) were included. Mean patient age was 59 years (38 to 78) and mean follow-up period was 54 months (1.2 to 380). Results: There were mean improvements of 4.5 points (2 to 6.9) in pain Visual Analogue Score, 10.5° (-26 to 58) in range of motion (ROM), 3.1 kg (-4 to 7) in grip strength, 0.6 kg (-1.5 to 2) in pinch strength, and 18 points (-3 to 29) in the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score, with no significant differences between implant types. ROM gains, in particular, deteriorated over time. Clinical complications were frequent (23%), and significantly more common with pyrocarbon, as were radiographic complications. However, most were mild-moderate and did not necessarily correlate with negative outcomes or dissatisfaction. Overall reoperation rate was 21%, and revision rate 11%, both more frequent with pyrocarbon. Most revisions were within 24 months, beyond which survival was maintained up to ten years. Conclusions: Unconstrained PIP joint arthroplasty is effective at improving pain scores, active ROM, grip/pinch strength, and patient reported outcome measures, particularly in patients with osteoarthritis. Results are generally maintained at least to the medium term, although gains diminish in the longer term. Complication and early revision rates are high, particularly with pyrocarbon implants. The majority of patients express positive attitudes to arthroplasty, with significant improvements in patient-reported outcome measures for both pyrocarbon and MoP implants. Patients with post-traumatic and inflammatory arthropathy are generally less satisfied. There is currently insufficient data to recommend one implant type over another, although the early-to-medium term results of MoP implants are promising. Prospective surveillance via small joint registries is recommended.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição de Dedo , Prótese Articular , Osteoartrite , Artroplastia , Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 87(3): 533-539, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808729

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to determine if the use of tendon allografts in combination with distal scaphoid resection for the treatment of isolated STT arthrosis is a save procedure. We reviewed the postoperative complications, re-operations, clinical and radiological results of this treatment modality. A retrospective cohort study was conducted. Investigated parameters include wrist mobility (wrist extension and -flexion), strength (grip- and pinch strength), patient-reported outcome scores : Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score (Q-DASH) and Patient Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation score (PRWHE) and radiographic measurements : scapholunate (SL) angle, radiolunate (RL) angle and capitolunate (CL) angle. Ten wrists were included in nine patients. No revision surgery was performed. Two patients had transient neuropraxia of the radial nerve. Postoperative flexion-extension arc was 112°. Grip-strength was significantly increased after surgery (20 to 28kg). The average VAS score the past week was 1.75 (range 0-6.7), the average maximum VAS score was 3.0 (range 0-10). The mean PRWHE score was 16.6 (range 0- 69). The mean Q-DASH score was 17.95 (range 0-51). The current study indicates that distal scaphoid resection for isolated STT arthritis is a save procedure with minimal complications. It significantly improves grip strength. Mobility of the wrist was similar to contralateral wrist after surgery. Pain postoperatively was very limited (low VAS scores) and good functional scores (Q-DASH and PRWHE) were noted. Our findings support the prior findings that excisional arthroplasty might worsen carpal instability.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Osso Escafoide , Aloenxertos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Seguimentos , Força da Mão , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Osso Escafoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Tendões , Articulação do Punho/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia
7.
Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 35(11): 1403-1410, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779165

RESUMO

Based on peer-reviewed systematic reviews and randomized controlled trials published between January 2000 and June 2019 with regards to the management of glenohumeral joint osteoarthritis (GJO), the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) established the clinical practice guidelines for the treatment of GJO. The guidelines provided practice recommendations including risk factors, non-surgical treatment, surgical treatment, prosthesis selection, and perioperative management for GJO. The recommendations were graded according to different evidence strength. This paper interprets the guidline in order to provide reference for domestic medical workers.


Assuntos
Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Osteoartrite , Articulação do Ombro , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
8.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 17891, 2021 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34504202

RESUMO

Ulnar shortening osteotomy (USO) for ulnar impaction syndrome potentially leads to degenerative changes of the distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ). This study was performed to evaluate the effect of the sigmoid notch morphology on the stress distribution pattern of the DRUJ using computed tomography (CT) osteoabsorptiometry (CT-OAM). We reviewed the pre- and postoperative transverse CT images of 15 wrists that had undergone USO. The examined wrists were classified into two groups based on the sigmoid notch morphology: the linear-type notch (type L) and the curved-type notch (type C). We calculated and statistically compared the percentage of the high-density area (%HDA) in each divided region of the sigmoid notch. In type L, %HDA was significantly larger in the distal-dorsal region of the sigmoid notch before USO. Postoperatively, in type L, no specific regions showed a significantly different %HDA. In type C, %HDA was significantly larger in the distal-volar region of the sigmoid notch before USO. Postoperatively, %HDA of type C was significantly larger in the proximal-volar region. Our results suggest that in patients with ulnar impaction syndrome, morphological evaluation of the sigmoid notch can serve as a predictor of osteoarthritis in the DRUJ with or without USO.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Ulna/cirurgia , Articulação do Punho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Punho/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/fisiopatologia , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/fisiopatologia , Lesões do Manguito Rotador/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ulna/fisiopatologia
9.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 57(9)2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577874

RESUMO

Diaphyseal malunion poses a great challenge for the orthopedic surgeon, and an inundation of morbidity for the patient. Diaphyseal malunion can cause altered gait, adjacent joint osteoarthritis and body dissatisfaction. This problem is fraught with complications without surgical intervention. There is a myriad of options for the management of a diaphyseal malunion. The clamshell osteotomy was engendered to ameliorate the difficulty in managing this issue. This technique is a viable option to correct diaphyseal malunion about the femur and tibia. Recently, the indications of a clamshell osteotomy have been expanded to function as a derotational or shortening osteotomy.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mal-Unidas , Osteoartrite , Fraturas da Tíbia , Fraturas Mal-Unidas/cirurgia , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Tíbia/cirurgia , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia
10.
Can Vet J ; 62(8): 861-866, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341600

RESUMO

A 16-year-old, Quarter Horse mare was presented for a 3/5 right hind lameness associated with osteoarthritis of the talocalcaneal joint (TCLJ). Positron emission tomography (PET) and computed tomography (CT) demonstrated marked increased uptake of 18F-sodium fluoride and bone remodeling at the medial facet of the TCLJ, respectively. Under general anesthesia 2 cortical screws (4.5 and 5.5 mm) were placed in neutral fashion via an arthrotomy from dorsomedial to plantaromedial through the medial facet of the TCLJ followed by copious lavage of the tarsocrural joint. Eight weeks after surgery, observable effusion of the tarsocrural joint was present and lameness had worsened. Radiographic examination revealed a fragmented medial malleolus of the tibia, likely secondary to repetitive trauma of the screw heads during tarsal flexion. Repeated CT showed partial fusion of the TCLJ. Both screws were removed and the tarsocrural joint was thoroughly lavaged arthroscopically. At a 20-month recheck the lameness had not improved, and ultrasound examination revealed severe thickening of the TCLJ capsule. Recheck examination 48 mo after surgery showed complete fusion of the TCLJ and resolution of the lameness. Key clinical message: Diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the TCLJ is challenging. Management by arthrodesis using a dorsomedial approach can result in fragmentation of the medial malleolus, with secondary synovitis and capsulitis of the tarsocrural joint.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Cavalos , Osteoartrite , Sinovite , Animais , Artrodese/veterinária , Parafusos Ósseos/veterinária , Feminino , Doenças dos Cavalos/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças dos Cavalos/cirurgia , Cavalos , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteoartrite/veterinária , Sinovite/veterinária , Tíbia/diagnóstico por imagem , Tíbia/cirurgia
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 80(5): 605-609, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of modifiable risk factors and treatments for osteoarthritis (OA) are needed. Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, causes fetal and animal model skeletal abnormalities. Vitamin K insufficiency has been associated with OA, but whether warfarin is also detrimental to OA is not known. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study using a UK general practitioner electronic medical records database. We identified cases of knee or hip replacement (KR or HR) from among adults with atrial fibrillation newly prescribed either warfarin or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Cases were matched with four controls by age and sex. We assessed the relation of warfarin compared with DOAC use to risk of joint replacement using conditional logistic regression. We also evaluated different durations of warfarin use. RESULTS: We identified 857 subjects with KR or HR (cases), of whom 64.6% were warfarin users, and 3428 matched controls, of whom 56.1% were warfarin users (mean age 75, 47% female). Warfarin users had a 1.59 times higher risk of joint replacement than DOAC users (adjusted OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.31 to 1.92). Longer duration of warfarin use was associated with higher risk of joint replacement in comparison with <1 year of warfarin use. CONCLUSION: Warfarin, a vitamin K antagonist, was associated with greater risk of KR and HR (an indicator for end-stage knee OA) than DOAC use, supporting the importance of adequate vitamin K functioning in limiting OA progression.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/estatística & dados numéricos , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Varfarina/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/induzido quimicamente , Fatores de Risco , Vitamina K/antagonistas & inibidores
12.
Injury ; 52(11): 3516-3527, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462118

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Traumatic osteoarthritis of the ankle joint caused after malleolar fractures of the ankle and tibial plafond fractures are frequently observed in comparatively young and highly active patients. Since the ankle movement in these patients is in general, comparatively favorable, orthopedists may sometimes have difficulty in deciding on a treatment policy. In our department, when treating traumatic osteoarthritis patients having a movable range within their ankle joints, we proactively applied distal tibial oblique osteotomy (DTOO) developed by Dr. Teramoto in 1994 or intra-articular osteotomy developed based on DTOO concepts such as distal tibial intra-articular osteotomy (DTIO) and distal fibular oblique osteotomy (DFOO).The objectives of the current study are to radiologically assess the ankle joint after intra-articular osteotomy for traumatic ankle osteoarthritis and evaluate the change in configuration of the ankle joint. This study summarizes the clinical results of intra-articular osteotomy obtained through the above-mentioned study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The subjects of this study were 20 patients diagnosed with traumatic osteoarthritis who were surgically treated for a total of 20 ankles. All patients underwent treatment with intra-articular osteotomy and were evaluated retrospectively for the following parameters: surgical procedure, fixation devices, clinical results based on the Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot ankle/hindfoot scale (hereafter, JSSF scale) and post-operative adverse events. They were also assessed radiologically with pre- and post-operative anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral weight-bearing ankle radiographs. RESULTS: The 20 patients consisted of 12 males and 8 females. The median age at surgery was 49 years old (range 14 - 87 years old) and the average follow-up period was 42 months (range 19 to 121 months). DTOO was applied to 10 cases, DFOO to 2 cases, DTOO and DFOO to 2 cases, medial-distal tibial intra-articular osteotomy (M-DTIO) and DFOO to 1 case, lateral-distal tibial intra-articular osteotomy (L-DTIO) and DFOO to 3 cases, M-DTIO followed by DTOO and DFOO to 1 case, and DTOO followed by low tibial osteotomy (LTO) to 1 case. Fixation devices utilized included circular external fixator for 15 cases, locking compression plate (LCP) to 3 cases, LCP and Kirschner-wire (K-wire) to 1 case, and screw and K-wire to 1 case. Radiological assessment revealed significant changes in the following parameters after surgery: tibial ankle surface angle (TAS, P= 0.0203), tibiotalar surface angle (TTS, P= 0.0021), medial malleolar angle (MMA, P= 0.0217), empirical axis (EA, P= 0.0019), fibular angle (FA, P= 0.0002), talar tilt angle (TTA, P= 0.0374), and tibial lateral surface angle (TLS, P= 0.0279). The JSSF scale also improved significantly after surgery (pre-operative JSSF scale: 51.1±11.0, post-operative JSSF scale: 89.2±8.2), p=0.0001. CONCLUSION: Intra-articular osteotomy may change the radiological configuration of the ankle in a weight-bearing state. The present study showed very good short-term clinical results. Intra-articular osteotomy can prove a viable surgical option applicable for treatment of patients with traumatic ankle osteoarthritis having a reasonable range of motion within their ankle joints.


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo , Osteoartrite , Tornozelo , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Osteotomia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 148(2): 223e-233e, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine whether differences exist in (1) the number of postoperative occupational therapy visits and (2) narcotic use in two carpometacarpal arthroplasty groups. METHODS: A retrospective study comparing patients undergoing abductor pollicis longus (APL) suspensionplasty (154 patients) or flexor carpi radialis ligament reconstruction and tendon interposition (FCR LRTI) techniques (40 patients) between January 1, 2012, and August 1, 2018, was performed. Data included demographics, procedure performed, complications, number of postoperative occupational therapy visits, and postoperative morphine equivalent dosage used. Statistical testing used the chi-square test for proportions and the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test for nonnormal data. The significance level was 0.05. RESULTS: The APL suspensionplasty and FCR LRTI groups had similar ages (58.1 ± 7.8 years versus 58.1 ± 7.7 years), sex ratios (73 percent female versus 75 percent female), and preoperative narcotic user proportions (1 percent versus 3 percent). Complication rates following the procedures were similar (21 percent and 18 percent, respectively). The number of postoperative occupational therapy visits following APL suspensionplasty (median, 0; interquartile range, 0 to 4) and FCR LRTI (median, 0; interquartile range, 0 to 4) were not significantly different (p = 0.961). There was less use of narcotics following APL suspensionplasty (median, 375 morphine equivalent dosage; interquartile range, 241.9 to 525 morphine equivalent dosage) compared with FCR LRTI (median, 462.5 morphine equivalent dosage; interquartile range, 375 to 768.8 morphine equivalent dosage), and this difference was significant (p = 0.0007). CONCLUSIONS: The APL suspensionplasty technique had less narcotic use and similar complication rates and occupational therapy visits compared to FCR LRTI. Prospective studies comparing postoperative pain control and function with these two carpometacarpal arthroplasty techniques may be beneficial. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, III.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia/efeitos adversos , Articulações Carpometacarpais/cirurgia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Idoso , Artroplastia/métodos , Artroplastia/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transferência Tendinosa/efeitos adversos , Transferência Tendinosa/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0254196, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are commonly used to evaluate surgical outcome in patients undergoing joint replacement surgery, however routine collection from the target population is often incomplete. Representative samples are required to allow inference from the sample to the population. Although higher capture rates are desired, the extent to which this improves the representativeness of the sample is not known. We aimed to measure the representativeness of data collected using an electronic PROMs capture system with or without telephone call follow up, and any differences in PROMS reporting between electronic and telephone call follow up. METHODS: Data from a pilot PROMs program within a large national joint replacement registry were examined. Telephone call follow up was used for people that failed to respond electronically. Data were collected pre-operatively and at 6 months post-operatively. Responding groups (either electronic only or electronic plus telephone call follow up) were compared to non-responders based on patient characteristics (joint replaced, bilaterality, age, sex, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score and Body Mass Index (BMI)) using chi squared test or ANOVA, and PROMs for the two responder groups were compared using generalised linear models adjusted for age and sex. The analysis was restricted to those undergoing primary elective hip, knee or shoulder replacement for osteoarthritis. RESULTS: Pre-operatively, 73.2% of patients responded electronically and telephone follow-up of non-responders increased this to 91.4%. Pre-operatively, patients responding electronically, compared to all others, were on average younger, more likely to be female, and healthier (lower ASA score). Similar differences were found when telephone follow up was included in the responding group. There were little (if any) differences in the post-operative comparisons, where electronic responders were on average one year younger and were more likely to have a lower ASA score compared to those not responding electronically, but there was no significant difference in sex or BMI. PROMs were similar between those reporting electronically and those reporting by telephone. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing total joint replacement who provide direct electronic PROMs data are younger, healthier and more likely to be female than non-responders, but these differences are small, particularly for post-operative data collection. The addition of telephone call follow up to electronic contact does not provide a more representative sample. Electronic-only follow up of patients undergoing joint replacement provides a satisfactory representation of the population invited to participate.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Ortopedia/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Artroplastia de Substituição/estatística & dados numéricos , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 571: 188-194, 2021 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34330063

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is an incurable joint disease affecting 240 million elderly population, and major unmet medical needs exist for better therapeutic options for OA. During skeletal development, Nkx3.2 has been shown to promote chondrocyte differentiation and survival, but to suppress cartilage hypertrophy and blood vessel invasion. Here we show that Nkx3.2 plays a key role in osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis. Marked reduction of Nkx3.2 expression was observed in three different murine OA models. Consistent with these findings, analyses of surgery-induced and age-driven OA models revealed that cartilage-specific post-natal induction of Nkx3.2 can suppress OA progression in mice. These results suggest that Nkx3.2 may serve as a promising target for OA drug development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Camundongos , Osteoartrite/patologia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
17.
Int J Numer Method Biomed Eng ; 37(9): e3514, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34313397

RESUMO

Total ankle replacement (TAR) and subtalar joint (STJ) fusion, are popular treatments for ankle osteoarthritis (OA). Short endurance limits the former, and movement disability comes with the latter. It is hypothesized here that fusion of the STJ can improve the longevity of the TAR prosthesis. In this study, a fresh human cadaver's ankle joint underwent TAR surgery, and strain patterns in the vicinity of prosthesis were recorded after the application of axial compressive load on tibia, resembling stance phase of the gait. Then, STJ of the same sample fused (FTAR), and a similar test procedure was pursued. The obtained strains in the FTAR were smaller than those of the TAR (p < .01). Finite element models of the tested samples were also made, and validated by experimental strains. The validated FE models were then employed to find stress distribution on the tibial plateau and prosthesis compartments. FTAR demonstrated more regular stress profiles in bone-prosthesis interface. Also, maximum von Mises stress in the talar component of the FTAR is approximately half of that in the TAR (8 and 15 MPa, respectively). Based on the results of this study, having a more symmetric load distribution on the prosthesis after STJ fusion, longevity of the TAR may likely increase.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Substituição do Tornozelo , Osteoartrite , Articulação Talocalcânea , Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artrodese , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Articulação Talocalcânea/cirurgia
18.
Bone Joint J ; 103-B(7): 1292-1300, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192923

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare clinical results, long-term survival, and complication rates of stemless shoulder prosthesis with stemmed anatomical shoulder prostheses for treatment of osteoarthritis and to analyze radiological bone changes around the implants during follow-up. METHODS: A total of 161 patients treated with either a stemmed or a stemless shoulder arthroplasty for primary osteoarthritis of the shoulder were evaluated with a mean follow-up of 118 months (102 to 158). The Constant score (CS), the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, and active range of motion (ROM) were recorded. Radiological analysis for bone adaptations was performed by plain radiographs. A Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis was calculated and complications were noted. RESULTS: The ROM (p < 0.001), CS (p < 0.001), and DASH score (p < 0.001) showed significant improvements after shoulder arthroplasty for both implants. There were no differences between the groups treated with stemmed or stemless shoulder prosthesis with respect to the mean CS (79.2 (35 to 118) vs 74.4 (31 to 99); p = 0.519) and DASH scores (11.4 (8 to 29) vs 13.2 (7 to 23); p = 0.210). The ten-year unadjusted cumulative survival rate was 95.3% for the stemmed anatomical shoulder prosthesis and 91.5% for the stemless shoulder prosthesis and did not differ between the treatment groups (p = 0.251). The radiological evaluation of the humeral components in both groups did not show loosening of the humeral implant. The main reason for revision for each type of arthroplasties were complications related to the glenoid. CONCLUSION: The use of anatomical stemless shoulder prosthesis yielded good and reliable results and did not differ from anatomical stemmed shoulder prosthesis over a mean period of ten years. The differences in periprosthetic humeral bone adaptations between both implants have no clinical impact during the follow-up. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2021;103-B(7):1292-1300.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Falha de Prótese , Prótese de Ombro/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
19.
BMJ Open ; 11(7): e045614, 2021 07 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34233971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of further procedures and serious adverse events (SAEs) requiring admission to hospital following elective surgery for base of thumb osteoarthritis (BTOA), and the patient factors associated with these outcomes. DESIGN: Population based cohort study. SETTING: National Health Service using the national Hospital Episode Statistics data set linked to mortality records over a 19-year period (01 April 1998-31 March 2017). PARTICIPANTS: 43 076 primary surgeries were followed longitudinally in secondary care until death or migration on 37 329 patients over 18 years of age. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Incidence of further thumb base procedures (including revision surgery or intra-articular steroid injection) at any time postoperatively, and local wound complications and systemic events (myocardial infarction, stroke, respiratory tract infection, venous thromboembolic events, urinary tract infection or renal failure) within 30 and 90 days. To identify patient factors associated with outcome, Fine and Gray model regression analysis was used to adjust for the competing risk of mortality in addition to age, overall comorbidity and socioeconomic status. RESULTS: Over the 19 years, there was an increasing trend in surgeries undertaken. The rate of further thumb base procedures after any surgery was 1.39%; the lowest rates after simple trapeziectomy (1.12%), the highest rates after arthroplasty (3.84%) and arthrodesis (3.5%). When matched for age, comorbidity and socioeconomic status, those undergoing arthroplasty and arthrodesis were 2.5 times more likely to undergo a further procedure (subHR 2.51 (95% CI 1.81 to 3.48) and 2.55 (1.91 to 3.40)) than those undergoing simple trapeziectomy. Overall complication rates following surgery were 0.22% for serious local complications and 0.58% for systemic events within 90 days of surgery. CONCLUSIONS: The number of patients proceeding to BTOA surgery has increased over the last 19 years, with a low rate of further thumb base procedures and SAEs after surgery overall registered. Arthrodesis and arthroplasty had a significantly higher revision rate. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03573765.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Trapézio , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Medicina Estatal , Polegar/cirurgia
20.
Orthopedics ; 44(4): e600-e606, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34292824

RESUMO

At many institutions, the pendulum has swung toward reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). Good results have been reported for patients older than 65 years with glenohumeral osteoarthritis with an intact rotator cuff, leading to questioning of the role of anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) in the elderly. The purpose of this study was to compare outcome measures between TSA and RTSA patients using minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) as a function of age. Primary TSA or RTSA patients with American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores at 2-year follow-up were retrospectively identified from a prospective database. Patients with a diagnosis of inflammatory arthritis, infection, proximal humerus fracture, or revision TSA were excluded. Patients were stratified by age as younger than 65 years, 65 to 74 years, and 75 years or older. A total of 659 TSA and 172 RTSA patients were included. Total shoulder arthroplasty had a larger improvement in ASES scores compared with RTSA in patients aged 65 to 74 years and 75 years and older (P=.04 and P<.01, respectively). In patients aged 75 years or older, the percentages of patients achieving MCID were similar (93.1% TSA and 92.3% RTSA; P=.53); however, a higher percentage of TSA patients achieved SCB vs RTSA patients (90.5% vs 76.9%; P=.01). This study highlights the importance of indications and a shared decision-making model to ensure patient satisfaction. The results support a trend that primary RTSA is a viable option for low-demand patients aged 75 years or older; however, appropriately indicated TSA offers a potential for greater improvement in ASES scores and is more successful at achieving SCB compared with RTSA at 2-year follow-up. [Orthopedics. 2021;44(4):e600-e606.].


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Osteoartrite , Articulação do Ombro , Idoso , Humanos , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
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