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1.
Horm Metab Res ; 54(2): 104-112, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35130571

RESUMO

Some studies have suggested that diabetes may be a risk factor for osteoarthritis. However, whether prediabetes is also associated with osteoarthritis has not been comprehensively examined. We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the relationship between prediabetes and osteoarthritis. This meta-analysis included relevant observational studies from Medline, Embase, and Web of Science databases. A random-effect model after incorporation of the intra-study heterogeneity was selected to pool the results. Ten datasets from six observational studies were included, which involved 41 226 general adults and 10 785 (26.2%) of them were prediabetic. Pooled results showed that prediabetes was not independently associated with osteoarthritis [risk ratio (RR): 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.00 to 1.14, p=0.06, I2=0%]. Sensitivity limited to studies with adjustment of age and body mass index showed consistent result (RR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.99 to 1.14, p=0.09, I2=0%). Results of subgroup analyses showed that prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in cross-sectional or cohort studies, in studies including Asian or non-Asian population, or in studies with different quality scores (p for subgroup difference>0.10). Besides, prediabetes was not associated with osteoarthritis in men or in women, in studies with prediabetes defined as impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, or HbA1c (approximately 39-46 mmol/mol). Moreover, prediabetes was not associated with overall osteoarthritis, and knee or hip osteoarthritis. Current evidence does not support that prediabetes is independently associated with osteoarthritis in adult population.


Assuntos
Intolerância à Glucose , Osteoartrite , Estado Pré-Diabético , Adulto , Glicemia/metabolismo , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/complicações , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia , Estado Pré-Diabético/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
2.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113964

RESUMO

Elite athletes are at greater risk of joint injuries linked to the subsequent risk of developing osteoarthritis (OA). Genetic factors such as mitochondrial (mt) DNA haplogroups have been associated with the incidence/progression of OA and athletic performance. This review highlights an area not yet addressed: is there a common pattern in the mtDNA haplogroups for OA occurrence in individuals and elite athletes of populations of the same descent? Haplotypes J and T confer a decreased risk of OA in Caucasian/European descent, while H and U increase this risk. Both J and T haplogroups are under-represented in Caucasian/European individuals and endurance athletes with OA, but power athletes showed a greater percentage of the J haplogroup. Caucasian/European endurance athletes had a higher percentage of haplogroup H, which is associated with increased athletic performance. In a Chinese population, haplogroup G appears to increase OA susceptibility and is over-represented in Japanese endurance athletes. In contrast, in Koreans, haplogroup B had a higher frequency of individuals with OA but was under-represented in the endurance athlete population. For Caucasian endurance athletes, it would be interesting to evaluate if those carrying haplotype H would be at an increased risk of accelerated OA, as well as the haplogroup G in Chinese and Japanese endurance athletes. The reverse might be studied for the Korean descent for haplogroup B. Knowledge of such genetic data could be used as a preliminary diagnosis to identify individuals at high risk of OA, adding prognostic information and assisting in personalising the early management of both populations.


Assuntos
Desempenho Atlético , Osteoartrite , Atletas , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Haplótipos , Humanos , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/genética
3.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274838, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to restrictions in social gatherings imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic, physical and other daily activities were limited among the older adults. The present study aimed to estimate the change in osteoarthritis prevalence among older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. METHODS: This repeated cross-sectional study was conducted through telephone interviews among older adults aged 60 years and above on two successive occasions (October 2020 and September 2021) during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bangladesh. The prevalence of osteoarthritis was measured by asking the participants if they had osteoarthritis or joint pain problems. RESULTS: A total of 2077 participants (1032 in 2020-survey and 1045 in 2021-survey) participated in the study. The prevalence of self-reported joint pains or osteoarthritis significantly increased from 45.3% in 2020 to 54.7% in 2021 (P = 0.006), with an increasing odd in the adjusted analysis (aOR 1.27, 95% CI 1.04-1.54). We also found that osteoarthritis prevalence significantly increased among the participants from the Chattogram and Mymensingh divisions, aged 60-69 years, males, married, rural residents, and living with a family. A significant increase was also documented among those who received formal schooling, had a family income of 5000-10000 BDT, resided with a large family, were unemployed or retired, and lived away from a health facility. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reported a significant increased prevalence of osteoarthritis among older adults from 2020 to 2021 during this pandemic in Bangladesh. This study highlights the need for the development and implementation of initiatives for the screening and management of osteoarthritis through a primary health care approach during any public health emergencies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Osteoartrite , Idoso , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Autorrelato
4.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 2954330, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966246

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the application effect of cluster-based care in patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and osteoarthritis. Methods: The clinical data of 60 patients with hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and osteoarthritis in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, among which those receiving routine care from January 2020 to December 2020 were grouped into the control group (30 patients), and those receiving cluster-based care from January 2021 to January 2022 were grouped into the research group (30 patients). Psychological status, care satisfaction, and pregnancy outcomes were compared between the two groups. Results: After intervention, self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS) scores in the research group were lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). There was no statistical significance in the difference of the modes of delivery between the two groups (χ 2 = 1.763, P > 0.05). Patients in the research group had a lower incidence of perinatal complications than those in the control group (χ 2 = 5.689, P < 0.05). And the satisfaction rate of care in the research group (93.33% vs 70%) was higher than that in the control group (χ 2 = 4.238, P < 0.05). Conclusion: Cluster-based care can reduce patients' negative mood, increase their satisfaction, and improve the maternal and infant outcomes. This type of care offers better quality care measures for patients with pregnancy hypertension and osteoarthritis, and has a wide clinical application prospect.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez , Osteoartrite , Pré-Eclâmpsia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Induzida pela Gravidez/terapia , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/terapia , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 906774, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979456

RESUMO

Objective: Heavy metals are present in many environmental pollutants, and have cumulative effects on the human body through water or food, which can lead to several diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). In this research, we aimed to explore the association between heavy metals and OA. Methods: We extracted 18 variables including age, gender, race, education level, marital status, smoking status, body mass index (BMI), physical activity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, poverty level index (PLI), Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), selenium (Se), manganese (Mn), and OA status from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2020 datasets. Results: In the baseline data, the t test and Chi-square test were conducted. For heavy metals, quartile description and limit of detection (LOD) were adopted. To analyze the association between heavy metals and OA among elderly subjects, multivariable logistic regression was conducted and subgroup logistic by gender was also carried out. Furthermore, to make predictions based on heavy metals for OA, we compared eight machine learning algorithms, and XGBoost (AUC of 0.8, accuracy value of 0.773, and kappa value of 0.358) was the best machine learning model for prediction. For interactive use, a shiny application was made (https://alanwu.shinyapps.io/NHANES-OA/). Conclusion: The overall and gender subgroup logistic regressions all showed that Pb and Cd promoted the prevalence of OA while Mn could be a protective factor of OA prevalence among the elderly population of the United States. Furthermore, XGBoost model was trained for OA prediction.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Metais Pesados , Osteoartrite , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Cádmio , Humanos , Chumbo , Aprendizado de Máquina , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
6.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272284, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921336

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, a relatively new syndrome referring to the age-related decline of muscle strength and degenerative loss of skeletal muscle mass and function, often resulting in frailty, disability, and mortality. Osteoarthritis, as a prevalent joint degenerative disease, is affecting over 250 million patients worldwide, and it is the fifth leading cause of disability. Despite the high prevalence of osteoarthritis, there are still lack of efficient treatment potions in clinics, partially due to the heterogeneous and complexity of osteoarthritis pathology. Previous studies revealed the association between sarcopenia and osteoarthritis, but the conclusions remain controversial and the prevalence of sarcopenia within osteoarthritis patients still needs to be elucidated. To identify the current evidence on the prevalence of sarcopenia and its association with osteoarthritis across studies, we performed this systematic review and meta-analysis that would help us to further confirm the association between these two diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Electronic sources including PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science will be searched systematically following appropriate strategies to identify relevant studies from inception up to 28 February 2022 with no language restriction. Two investigators will evaluate the preselected studies independently for inclusion, data extraction and quality assessment using a standardized protocol. Meta-analysis will be performed to pool the estimated effect using studies assessing an association between sarcopenia and osteoarthritis. Subgroup analyses will also be performed when data are sufficient. Heterogeneity and publication bias of included studies will be investigated. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020155694.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Osteoartrite , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
7.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 56: 152063, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35809427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of socioeconomic position (SEP) and obesity with incident osteoarthritis (OA), and to examine whether body mass index (BMI) mediates the association between SEP and incident OA. METHODS: Data came from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a population-based cohort study of adults aged ≥50 years. The sample population included 9,281 people. Cox regression analyses were performed to investigate the associations between SEP (measured by education, occupation, income, wealth and deprivation) and obesity (BMI ≥30 kg/m2) at baseline and self-reported incident OA. The mediating effect of BMI on the relationship between SEP and incident OA were estimated using Structural Equation Models. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up time of 7.8 years, 2369 participants developed OA. Number of person-years included in the analysis was 65,456. Lower SEP was associated with higher rates of OA (for example, hazard ratio (HR) lowest vs highest education category 1.52 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.30, 1.79)). Obesity compared with non-obesity was associated with increased rates of incident OA (HR 1.37 (95% CI 1.23, 1.52)). BMI mediated the relationship between a lower SEP and OA (ß = 0.005, p < 0.001) and the direct effect was not significant (ß = 0.004, p = 0.212). CONCLUSIONS: Strategies to reduce social inequalities and obesity prevalence may help to reduce OA risk.


Assuntos
Obesidade , Osteoartrite , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35906024

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Data on work participation impairment and related societal costs for patients with hand osteoarthritis (OA) are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association of hand OA with work limitations and costs of productivity loss in paid and unpaid work. METHODS: We used data from the Hand Osteoarthritis in Secondary Care cohort, including patients with hand OA diagnosed by their treating rheumatologist. Using the validated Health and Labour Questionnaire, we assessed experienced unpaid and paid work restrictions, unpaid work replacement by others and inefficiency and absence during paid work related to hand OA over the last 2 weeks. Societal costs (€) per hour of paid and unpaid work were estimated using Dutch salary data in 2019. RESULTS: 381 patients were included (mean age 61 years, 84% women, 26% high education level, 55% having any comorbidity). Replacement of unpaid work by others due to hand OA was necessary for 171 out of 381 patients (45%). Paid work was reported by 181/381 patients (47%), of whom 13/181 (7%) reported absenteeism, 28/181 (15%) unproductive hours at work and 120/181 (66%) paid work restrictions due to hand OA.Total estimated work-related societal costs per patient with hand OA (381 patients) were €94 (95% CI 59 to 130) per 2 weeks (€2452, 95% CI 1528 to 3377 per year). CONCLUSIONS: Hand OA is associated with impairment in paid and unpaid work participation, which translates into substantial societal costs of lost productivity. These results highlight the importance of adequate hand OA treatment.


Assuntos
Hosta , Osteoartrite , Estudos de Coortes , Eficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/complicações , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/terapia , Salários e Benefícios
9.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 12607, 2022 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35871091

RESUMO

To determine the prevalence of osteoarthritis and its associated factors in populations from Russia. The population-based Ural Eye and Medical Study (UEMS) and the population-based Ural Very Old Study (UVOS) were conducted in a rural and urban region in Bashkortostan/Russia and included participants aged 40+ and 85+ years, respectively. As part of a detailed systematic examination, we assessed the osteoarthritis prevalence in an interview including questions on the self-reported presence of osteoarthritis, the joints affected and osteoarthritis-related pain-relieving therapy taken. Out of 5898 participants of the UEMS, 1636 individuals had osteoarthritis [prevalence: 27.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 26.7, 28.7], with 816 individuals (13.8%; 95% CI 12.8, 14.8) taking pain-relieving medication. A higher osteoarthritis prevalence was associated (multivariable analysis) with older age [odds ratio (OR 1.04; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.03, 1.05], urban region of residence (OR 1.25; 95% CI 1.07, 1.45), higher body mass index (BMI) (OR 1.04; 95% CI 1.03, 1.06), lower monthly income (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.68, 0.90), higher physical activity score (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01, 1.03), higher prevalence of a history of cardiovascular disease including stroke (OR 1.55; 95% CI 1.33, 1.81), previous bone fractures (OR 1.20; 95% CI 1.04, 1.40) and previous falls (OR 1.22; 95% CI 1.03, 1.45), higher hearing loss score (OR 1.01; 95% CI 1.01, 1.02), and less alcohol consumption (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.65, 0.93). Out of 1526 UVOS participants, 567 individuals had osteoarthritis (prevalence: 37.2%; 95% CI 35.0, 40.0), with 195 (12.8%; 95% CI 11.3, 14.3) individuals taking pain-relieving medication. Higher osteoarthritis prevalence was associated with rural region of habitation (OR 1.69; 95% CI 1.20, 2.38), lower monthly income (OR 0.62; 95% CI 0.46, 0.84), higher prevalence of cardiovascular disease (OR 1.75; 95% CI 1.30, 2.36), and higher anxiety score (OR 1.04; 95% CI 1.03, 1.06). Osteoarthritis and use of pain-relieving medication are common in these populations in Russia. Main associated factors were older age and lower monthly income in both study populations, female sex, higher BMI, urban region, and previous falls and bone fractures in the UEMS population, and rural region and a higher anxiety score in the UVOS study population.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Fraturas Ósseas , Osteoartrite , Feminino , Humanos , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Dor/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
10.
Ann Med ; 54(1): 1767-1775, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35786117

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hypertension and arthritis are two common diseases in the general population, with multiple common risk factors. This study aimed to assess the association between hypertension (HTN) and arthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cohort study included 48,372 eligible non-pregnant participants aged ≥ 20 years who had valid data on hypertension and arthritis from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2018. The association between hypertension and arthritis was studied by logistic regression, adjusting for demographics, socioeconomic factors, excess sodium intake, physical activity, ever smoking, diabetes status and body mass index (BMI). RESULTS: Among the participants, 48.0% (95% CI: 47.2-48.9) had hypertension and 24.5% (95% CI: 23.8-25.3) had self-reported arthritis. Hypertension was associated with arthritis [OR = 2.90, (95% CI: 2.74-3.07), p < 0.01], which remained significant [OR = 1.27, (95% CI:1.18-1.37), p < 0.01] after adjustments. Stratified by the types of arthritis, the association remained significant in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) [OR = 1.25, (95% CI: 1.11-1.41), p < 0.01] and osteoarthritis (OA) [OR = 1.32, (95% CI: 1.16-1.50); p < 0.01]. There was no clear association between hypertension and OA in participants aged 60 years old and above [OR = 1.08, (95% CI: 0.92-1.26); p = 0.37]. CONCLUSIONS: In this large nationally representative survey over 20 years, arthritis, including both RA and OA, was strongly associated with hypertension. Our study demonstrates a need for hypertension screening and blood control among patients with arthritis.Key MessagesArthritis was associated with hypertension.Both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis are strongly associated with hypertension.There is an urgency for hypertension screening and blood control among patients with arthritis.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Hipertensão , Osteoartrite , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35805363

RESUMO

Rural Canadians have high health care needs due to high prevalence of osteoarthritis (OA) but lack access to care. Examining realized access to three types of providers (general practitioners (GPs), orthopedic surgeons (Ortho), and physiotherapists (PTs)) simultaneously helps identify gaps in access to needed OA care, inform accessibility assessment, and support health care resource allocation. Travel time from a patient's postal code to the physician's postal code was calculated using origin-destination network analysis. We applied descriptive statistics to summarize differences in travel time, hotspot analysis to explore geospatial patterns, and distance decay function to examine the travel pattern of health care utilization by urbanicity. The median travel time in Alberta was 11.6 min (IQR = 4.3-25.7) to GPs, 28.9 (IQR = 14.8-65.0) to Ortho, and 33.7 (IQR = 23.1-47.3) to PTs. We observed significant rural-urban disparities in realized access to GPs (2.9 and IQR = 0.0-92.1 in rural remote areas vs. 12.6 and IQR = 6.4-21.0 in metropolitan areas), Ortho (233.3 and IQR = 171.3-363.7 in rural remote areas vs. 21.3 and IQR = 14.0-29.3 in metropolitan areas), and PTs (62.4 and IQR = 0.0-232.1 in rural remote areas vs. 32.1 and IQR = 25.2-39.9 in metropolitan areas). We identified hotspots of realized access to all three types of providers in rural remote areas, where patients with OA tend to travel longer for health care. This study may provide insight on the choice of catchment size and the distance decay pattern of health care utilization for further studies on spatial accessibility.


Assuntos
Clínicos Gerais , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Osteoartrite , Fisioterapeutas , Alberta/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/terapia , População Rural
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 23(1): 647, 2022 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35794600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) and Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are the most common joint diseases leading to chronic pain and disability. Given the chronicity and disabling nature of OA and RA, they are likely to influence full participation of individuals in the society. An activity limitation occurs when a person has difficulty executing an activity; a participation restriction is experienced when a person has difficulty participating in a real-life situation. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between OA and RA and the domains of activity limitation and participation restriction. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design comprised 3604 adults from the 2009 to 2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). All participants aged ≥ 20 years with complete data were included. Activity limitation and participation restriction were assessed by reported difficulty in performing 14 tasks selected from Physical Functioning Questionnaire. Data on OA and RA were obtained from Medical Conditions Questionnaire. Weighted logistic regression model was used to examine the associations between OA and RA and the selected tasks. RESULTS: Over 36% of participants had limitations. Both OA (OR = 2.11) and RA (OR = 2.36) were positively associated with activity limitation and participation restriction (p < 0.001). Poor or fair health was associated with difficulty in physical functioning, with highest odds observed in leisure activities (OR = 2.05), followed by difficulty in attending social events (OR = 1.99), walking for a quarter mile (OR = 1.97), preparing meals (OR = 1.93) and walking up ten steps (OR = 1.92). CONCLUSION: Adults with OA and RA had nearly similar odds of having activity limitations and participation restrictions. Difficulty in executing most activities of daily living (ADLs) has significant association with poor or fair health. Holistic interdisciplinary care to individuals with OA or RA focusing on ADLs and environmental factors may improve health status.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoartrite , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia
13.
Eur J Med Res ; 27(1): 114, 2022 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35820977

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Thyroid hormones play an instrumental role in chondrogenic differentiation and matrix maturation. However, studies investigating the relationship between thyroid function and the risk of osteoarthritis (OA) remain scarce. This study was designed to investigate the correlation between thyroid status and OA from a novel perspective of sensitivity to thyroid hormones. METHODS: The study included 8478 people from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2010. The sensitivity to thyroid hormone indices included Thyrotroph Thyroxine Resistance Index (TT4RI), Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSHI), Thyroid Feedback Quantile-based Index (TFQI), and Free Triiodothyronine /Free thyroxine (FT3/FT4), which were calculated based on serum free triiodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Considering the complex survey design and sample weights, we employed multivariate linear regression models and stratified analysis to evaluate the correlation between sensitivity to thyroid hormone indices and OA. RESULTS: Study results indicated that participants with OA had elevated TT4RI, TSHI, and TFQI levels, and lower FT3/FT4 levels compared to those with non-arthritis. After adjusting for other covariates, FT3/FT4 was negatively associated with the risk of OA (OR = 1.162, 95%CI 1.048-1.478, P = 0.021); (OR = 1.261, 95%CI 1.078-1.623, P = 0.042). In subgroup analyses stratified by gender and BMI, participants with OA had higher TFQI levels compared to those without OA in both genders. (OR = 1.491, 95%CI 1.070-2.077, P = 0.018); (OR = 2.548, 95%CI 1.929-3.365, P < 0.001). The higher TFQI levels were consistently associated with the increased prevalence of OA in the BMI (< 18.5 kg/m2) group after adjusting for different covariates, but not in other BMI groups. In, addition, TFQI performed better than FT3/FT4, TSHI, and TT4RI on ROC analyses for OA prediction. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of FT3/FT4, TSHI, TT4RI, and TFQI are strongly associated with the prevalence of OA, which illustrates the complex correlation between the thyroid system and chondrogenic differentiation. TFQI may be used as a helpful indicator to predict OA and provide novel ideas for the evaluation and treatment of OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Tri-Iodotironina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Hormônios Tireóideos , Tireotropina , Tiroxina
14.
RMD Open ; 8(2)2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35654458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A EULAR taskforce was convened to develop recommendations for lifestyle behaviours in rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). In this paper, the literature on the effect of diet on the progression of RMDs is reviewed. METHODS: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were performed of studies related to diet and disease outcomes in seven RMDs: osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus, axial spondyloarthritis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic sclerosis and gout. In the first phase, existing relevant systematic reviews and meta-analyses, published from 2013 to 2018, were identified. In the second phase, the review was expanded to include published original studies on diet in RMDs, with no restriction on publication date. Systematic reviews or original studies were included if they assessed a dietary exposure in one of the above RMDs, and reported results regarding progression of disease (eg, pain, function, joint damage). RESULTS: In total, 24 systematic reviews and 150 original articles were included. Many dietary exposures have been studied (n=83), although the majority of studies addressed people with OA and RA. Most dietary exposures were assessed by relatively few studies. Exposures that have been assessed by multiple, well conducted studies (eg, OA: vitamin D, chondroitin, glucosamine; RA: omega-3) were classified as moderate evidence of small effects on disease progression. CONCLUSION: The current literature suggests that there is moderate evidence for a small benefit for certain dietary components. High-level evidence of clinically meaningful effect sizes from individual dietary exposures on outcomes in RMDs is missing.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Osteoartrite , Doenças Reumáticas , Dieta , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Doenças Musculares , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/terapia , Doenças Reumáticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia
15.
Acta Orthop ; 93: 588-592, 2022 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35727107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although most patients have good outcomes after shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis, certain risk factors may lead to disappointing outcomes. We assessed risk factors for a worse outcome after anatomical shoulder arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. Our hypothesis was that previous surgery for instability would be a risk factor for a worse outcome independent of age, sex, and arthroplasty type. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included arthroplasties reported to the Danish Shoulder Arthroplasty Registry between 2006 and 2018 (n = 3,743). The Western Ontario Osteoarthritis of the Shoulder (WOOS) index at 1 year was used as outcome. The total score was converted to a percentage of a maximum score. The general linear model was used to analyze differences in WOOS. Age, sex, arthroplasty type, and previous surgery were included in the multivariate model. Estimates were given with 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The mean WOOS score was 78 for patients with no previous surgery and 55 for patients with surgery for instability. The mean difference was -16 (CI -10 to -22) in the multivariate model. Hemiarthroplasty had a worse outcome compared with total shoulder arthroplasty and young patients had a worse outcome compared with older patients. The mean differences in the multivariate model were -12 (CI -10 to -14) and -11 (CI -8 to -14) respectively. INTERPRETATION: Patients with previous surgery for instability had worse results independent of age, sex, and arthroplasty type and should be informed about their individual risk of a worse outcome.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Ombro , Hemiartroplastia , Osteoartrite , Articulação do Ombro , Artroplastia do Ombro/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Hemiartroplastia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/etiologia , Osteoartrite/cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Articulação do Ombro/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
BMC Med ; 20(1): 207, 2022 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a worldwide public health concern, mainly afflicting older adults. Although the etiology of OA remains unclear, environmental factors are increasingly considered as non-negligible risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the associations of urinary metals with OA risk and the mediated effect of biological aging. METHODS: Nine urinary metal concentrations were detected among 12,584 U.S. adults based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), including barium (Ba), cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), cesium (Cs), molybdenum (Mo), lead (Pb), antimony (Sb), thallium (Tl), and uranium (Tu). Multivariable logistic regression and weighted quantile sum (WQS) regression were used to explore the associations of single metal and mixed metals with OA risk, respectively. Furthermore, biological aging was measured from different perspectives, including cell senescence (telomere length) and whole-body aging (phenotypic age and biological age). Mediation analyses were conducted to investigate the mediated effects of aging on the associations of metals with OA risk. RESULTS: In the single-exposure model, Cd, Co, and Cs were identified to be positively associated with OA risk, with odds ratios (OR) ranging from 1.48 to 1.64 (all P < 0.05). Mixed-exposure analyses showed consistent associations (OR 1.23, 95%CI 1.10 to 1.37) and highlighted that Cd, Co, and Cs were responsible for the outcomes. Additionally, Cd, Co, Cs, Pb, and Tl were positively associated with biological aging markers, while all biological aging markers had significant associations with OA risk. Further mediation analyses showed that the associations of single metal (mainly Cd and Cs) and mixed metals with OA risk parallelly mediated by the above biological aging markers, with the proportion of mediation ranging from 16.89 to 69.39% (all P < 0.05). Moreover, such associations were also serially mediated through telomere length-biological age path and telomere length-phenotypic age path (the proportion of mediation: 4.17-11.67%), indicating that metals accelerated cell senescence to lead to whole-body aging and finally aggravated OA progress. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that exposure to metals increased OA risk, which was possibly and partly mediated by biological aging.


Assuntos
Cádmio , Osteoartrite , Idoso , Envelhecimento , Biomarcadores , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Chumbo/análise , Chumbo/toxicidade , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia
17.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 87-91, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533059

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intense sporting activity and certain types of work increase the risk of early osteoarthritis (OA). OA can be idiopathic or associated to certain predisposing factors: female sex, obesity, history of joint injury, and joint overuse. The role of gender among the active population as a predisposing factor for OA is not well clear. This study investigated whether the risk of OA changes with age in both sexes in physically active individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines 2020. PubMed, Google Scholar, Embase, and Web of Science databases were accessed in April 2021. No time constrains were used for the search. All the published clinical studies reporting data about relationship between physical activity and OA were included. RESULTS: Data from 7 articles were retrieved including 360,053 patients (271,903 males; 88,150 females). The mean age was 48.2±16.7 years. Males, under the age of 60 had a higher risk of developing OA. People undertaking intense physical activity, such as professional athletes or heavy workers, are more prone to develop early OA. CONCLUSION: Physically active males demonstrated a higher risk of developing OA.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Osteoartrite , Esportes , Adulto , Atletas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Osteoartrite/etiologia
18.
Sports Med Arthrosc Rev ; 30(2): 92-96, 2022 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533060

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The impact of running on the onset of osteoarthritis (OA) is controversial. This study compared the incidence of OA in elderly runners versus nonrunners. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed, Google scholar, Embase, and Web of Science databases were accessed in January 2022. All the published clinical studies investigating OA onset in runners versus non-runners were considered. Studies reporting data on OA and participants in other sports were excluded. Only studies investigating patients with a mean age older than 55 years were considered. The methodological quality of the articles was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS). RESULTS: Data from 3001 participants and 6674 joints were retrieved. The mean age was 59.4±2.7 years. The mean body mass index was 24.6±2.5 kg/m2. The 5 included articles (963 runners, 2038 nonrunners) did not report significant differences in runners compared with controls. CONCLUSION: Middle aged runners did not present greater imaging or clinical signs of OA compared with nonrunner controls. Running at elite or recreational level did not increase the rate of OA progression in individuals older than 50 years.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Corrida , Idoso , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia
20.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 40(4): 623-635, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35536512

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Locomotive syndrome (LOCOMO) is defined by the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) as a condition requiring nursing care due to a decline in mobility resulting from musculoskeletal disorders. In 2020, the JOA announced the new definition of LOCOMO stage 3 and revision of clinical decision limits in stages of LOCOMO. However, there are few reports on the epidemiological indices of LOCOMO. This prospective cohort study aimed to investigate the prevalence, incidence, and association of poor prognosis with LOCOMO stages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The third survey of the Research on Osteoarthritis/Osteoporosis Against Disability (ROAD) study was conducted during 2012-2013, examining a population-based cohort of 1575 participants (513 men and 1062 women, mean age 65.6 years). Three LOCOMO risk tests were performed, and patients were classified into LOCOMO stages 0, 1, 2, and 3. They were followed up for 6 years, and identical examination of LOCOMO was performed in 3- and 6-year follow-ups. Data on patients' prognoses, including disability and death, were collected. RESULTS: The prevalence of LOCOMO stages 1, 2, and 3 was 41.3, 14.9, and 11.6%, respectively. The incidence of LOCOMO stages 1, 2, and 3 were 83.7, 23.0, and 18.6 per 1000 person-years, respectively. Compared with LOCOMO stage 0, logistic regression analysis showed that LOCOMO stage 3 significantly increased the risk of disability and mortality. In addition, each value of LOCOMO risk tests for LOCOMO stage 3 increased the risk of poor prognosis. CONCLUSION: LOCOMO stage 3 is a sensitive indicator of future disability and mortality.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite , Osteoporose , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Osteoartrite/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome
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