Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.612
Filtrar
1.
Chem Biol Interact ; 312: 108792, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491373

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is an important toxic chemical due to its increasing levels in the environment and bioaccumulation in humans and animals. The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of long-term exposure to 1, 10, or 100 µg/L Cd in drinking water on the development, reproduction and neurotoxicity of offspring when administered to mice from parental puberty to postnatal 10 weeks in offspring. The development parameters measured in offspring included physical development, reflex ontogeny, body weight and body size. The reproductive indices measured consisted of anogenital distances (AGDs), estrous cycle, sperm quality, specific gene expression in Leydig or Sertoli cells, seminiferous epithelium cycle, sex hormone levels, histological morphology and apoptosis in testis or ovary, and the levels of oxidative stress. The determination of neurotoxicity included learning and memory ability, anxiety, and related serum indicators. In addition, blood lipid level, liver and kidney function were also determined by serum biochemical assays. The results showed that exposure to Cd in the present model had no adverse effects on development, but had some reproductive toxicity and neurotoxicity, including alteration of spermatogenic epithelial staging in testis and inducing anxiety in offspring. Furthermore, the levels of total protein, globulins, total bile acid and direct bilirubin were also significantly altered, especially in female offspring. The present study suggested that long-term exposure to low doses of Cd had adverse effects on the health of the next generation, and some harmful effects showed gender differences in offspring. The present study demonstrated that attention should be paid to Cd pollution in the environment, especially before pregnancy.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Reprodução/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Análise Química do Sangue , Feminino , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Intersticiais do Testículo/metabolismo , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/patologia , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Células de Sertoli/efeitos dos fármacos , Células de Sertoli/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 60-72, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31520699

RESUMO

Cholestasis is a significant decrease in bile flow. The liver is the primary organ affected by cholestasis. Chronic cholestasis could entail to tissue fibrotic changes and liver cirrhosis. Other organs, including heart, kidneys, nervous system, skeletal muscles, as well as the reproductive system, might also be affected during cholestasis. Although the cholestasis-associated pathological and biochemical alterations in organs such as liver have been widely investigated, there is little information about complications such as cholestasis-induced reproductive toxicity. The current study aimed to evaluate the pathologic effects of cholestasis on reproductive organs in both male and female animals. Rats underwent bile duct ligation (BDL) surgery. Markers of reproductive toxicity, including serum hormonal changes, tissue histopathological alterations, biomarkers of oxidative stress, and markers of mitochondrial impairment, were evaluated. Increased serum markers of liver injury and elevated level of cytotoxic molecules such as bile acids and bilirubin were evident in BDL animals. On the other hand, the serum level of hormones such as testosterone was suppressed in BDL rats. Significant histopathological alterations were also evident in the testis and ovary of BDL animals. A significant increase in oxidative stress markers, including ROS formation, lipid peroxidation, protein carbonylation, and depleted glutathione and antioxidant reservoirs were also detected in BDL rats. Moreover, mitochondrial depolarization decreased dehydrogenases activity, and depleted ATP content was detected in sperm isolated from the BDL group. These data indicate that cholestasis-associated reproductive toxicity in male and female rats is restrictedly coupled with severe oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment.


Assuntos
Colestase/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Reprodução , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo , Animais , Colestase/etiologia , Colestase/fisiopatologia , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Ligadura , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Ovário/patologia , Ovário/fisiopatologia , Carbonilação Proteica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Medição de Risco , Testículo/patologia , Testículo/fisiopatologia
3.
Aquat Toxicol ; 215: 105289, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31491707

RESUMO

Mifepristone (RU486), a clinical abortion agent and potential endocrine disruptor, binds to progestin and glucocorticoid receptors and has multiple functional importance in reproductive physiology. A long-term exposure of RU486 resulted in masculinization of female fish, however, the epigenetic landscape remains elusive. Recent studies demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) might play potential roles in epigenetic modulation of sex differentiation, ovarian cancer and germline stem cell survival. To further understand the influence of RU486 exposure on epigenetic regulation, we performed a comparative investigation on sex-biased gonadal lncRNAs profiles using control XX/XY and RU486-induced sex reversed XX Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by RNA-seq. In total, 962 sexually differentially expressed lncRNAs and their target genes were screened from the gonads of control and sex reversed fish. In comparison with the control XX group, sex reversal induced by RU486 treatment led to significant up-regulation of 757 lncRNAs and down-regulation of 221 lncRNAs. Hierarchical clustering analysis revealed that global lncRNA expression profiles in RU486-treated XX group clustered into the same branch with the control XY, whereas XX control group formed a separate branch. The KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the cis-target genes between RU486-XX and control-XX were concentrated in NOD - like receptor signaling pathway, Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) and Biosynthesis of amino acids. Real-time PCR and in situ hybridization experiments demonstrate that lncRNAs showing intense fluctuation during RU486 treatment are also sexually dimorphic during early sex differentiation, which further proves the intimate relationship between lncRNAs and sex differentiation and sexual transdifferentiation. Taken together, our data strongly indicates that a long-term exposure of RU486 resulted in sex reversal of XX female fish and the altered expression of sexually dimorphic lncRNAs might partially account for the sex reversal via epigenetic modification.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Gônadas/metabolismo , Mifepristona/toxicidade , Progestinas/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Caracteres Sexuais , Animais , Feminino , Genoma , Gônadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Fases de Leitura Aberta/genética , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Distribuição Tecidual/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
4.
Life Sci ; 235: 116840, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494171

RESUMO

AIMS: Ovarian ischemia as a consequence of torsion constitutes a gynecologic emergency affecting females during reproductive age. Its management by detorsion results in ovarian ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Thus, a conservative treatment with detorsion is highly recommended. Therefore, we attempted to investigate the effect and underlying mechanisms of angiotensin 1-7 (Ang-(1-7)) treatment against ovarian IR injury. MAIN METHODS: Female rats were included into: Sham group; Ang-(1-7) (300 µg/kg, i.p.) group; ovarian IR groups with and without Ang-(1-7) treatment. We determined ovarian Ang-(1-7), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) in addition to serum total anti-oxidant capacity (TAC) levels. Ovarian gene expressions of angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), Mas receptor, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and B-cell leukemia/lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) were estimated. Furthermore, histopathological changes and ovarian expressions of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), inducible and endothelial nitric oxide synthases (iNOS and eNOS) were done. KEY FINDINGS: Treatment of ovarian IR rats with Ang-(1-7) led to marked improvement of ovarian damage through histological examination which was accompanied with marked increase in ovarian Ang-(1-7) level and expressions of ACE2 and Mas receptor, decrease in MDA and NO levels and expressions of NF-kB, iNOS and TNF-α with increase in serum TAC levels and ovarian expressions of eNOS and BCL-2. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results proved the protective effect of Ang-(1-7) against ovarian IR injury in rats and this may be attributed to ACE2/Ang (1-7)/Mas axis which showed anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic effects. Therefore, Ang-(1-7) can be used in the future for treatment of ovarian IR injury.


Assuntos
Angiotensina I/farmacologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/farmacologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/biossíntese , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/biossíntese , Ovário/lesões , Ovário/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/biossíntese , Ratos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/biossíntese , Soro/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(36): 10207-10213, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426637

RESUMO

Forchlorfenuron (FCF) is a synthetic plant cytokine-like growth regulator that is massively used in agriculture to increase fruit size and weight. There is an insufficiency of published data on the safety profile of FCF, especially as it is involved in ovarian function. In our study, a chronic toxicity study on FCF was conducted and designed by feeding at dosage levels of 0, 0.6, and 60 mg/kg body weight in Sprague-Dawley rats for 180 days. During the 180 day FCF administration, no biologically relevant changes were observed in the body weight, clinical signs, food consumption, organ weight, hematology, and clinical biochemistry of the tested animals. However, macroscopic and microscopic evaluations revealed the presence of severe hydrometra in the uterus and pathological changes in the ovaries. In addition, it was found that FCF inhibited the proliferation of granulosa cells (GCs) and H295R cells, as well as downregulated the expression of CYP17A1 and CYP19A1 in estradiol and progesterone production, resulting in decreased steroidogenesis in GCs and H295R cells. Taken together, our findings suggest that FCF has potential adverse effects on the ovaries and on steroidogenesis.


Assuntos
Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/metabolismo , Compostos de Fenilureia/toxicidade , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/toxicidade , Piridinas/toxicidade , Administração Oral , Animais , Aromatase/genética , Aromatase/metabolismo , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/citologia , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/patologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/genética , Esteroide 17-alfa-Hidroxilase/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , Útero/efeitos dos fármacos , Útero/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Útero/metabolismo , Útero/patologia
6.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 97(5): 554-562, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460785

RESUMO

MicroRNA (miR)-204 is known to be associated with several different diseases. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has the highest incidence rate among the endocrine disorders in females between the ages of 18 and 44. We aimed to illustrate the miR-204 function in PCOS. MiR-204 expression levels in tissue and cell were examined through RT-qPCR. Colony formation assay and MTT assay were applied to detect the cell viability. Flow cytometry was employed to examine the apoptosis and cell cycle in cells. RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation assay and luciferase reporter assay were provided to demonstrate the direct interaction between translationally controlled tumor protein (TPT1) and miR-204. The expression of miR-204 was declined in KGN cells and ovarian cortex tissues of PCOS patients. MiR-204 enhanced the colony formation capacity and cell proliferation in KGN cells. Cell cycle and apoptosis were also influenced by miR-204. Since miR-204 has direct interaction with TPT1, TPT1 overexpression suppressed the miR-204-induced apoptosis and cell cycle alteration in KGN cells. MiR-204 inhibits the cell viability and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by directly interacting with TPT1, indicating a role of miR-204 to be a potential target in the PCOS patients.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/antagonistas & inibidores , Células da Granulosa/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/farmacologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/tratamento farmacológico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Ovário/metabolismo , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461684

RESUMO

Insulin-like growth factors (Igf1 and Igf2) play a key role in growth and development of vertebrates. In mammals, the expression of IGFs is regulated by estradiol-17ß (E2) via estrogen receptors (ESRs). The expression of igfs can also be regulated by E2 in fish, while comparative study of this is still lacking. The present study examined tissue distribution of igfs and hepatic expression of igfs and esrs during gonad development in Scatophagus argus by real-time PCR. Serum E2 concentration was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The hepatic expression of igfs and esrs at gonadal phase III, incubated with either E2 (0.1, 1 or 10 µM) alone or in combination with estrogen receptor antagonists-fulvestrant, MPP or PHTPP, was measured. igf1 and igf2 expressed highest in liver of both sexes. Igf1, esr1 and esr2b expressions and serum E2 concentration increased, while igf2 and esr2a expressions decreased, during ovary development. Igfs and esrs expressions increased while serum E2 concentration maintained low during testis development. In females, E2 incubation enhanced the expressions of igf1 and esr1 but inhibited that of igf2 and esr2a. Both fulvestrant and MPP inhibited up-regulation effect of E2 on igf1 and esr1. Fulvestrant enhanced down-regulation effect of E2 on igf2 and esr2a, but MPP conversely. In males, E2 incubation enhanced the expressions of igfs, esr1 and esr2a. Fulvestrant and MPP inhibited up-regulation effect of E2 on igfs and esr1. PHTPP inhibited igf1 and esr2 expressions in both sexes. Our results indicated that the expression of igfs is regulated by E2 via Esrs in S. argus.


Assuntos
Estradiol/metabolismo , Peixes/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Receptores de Estradiol/metabolismo , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Peixes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fígado/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/metabolismo , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testículo/metabolismo
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31465879

RESUMO

The ATF/CREB family of transcription factors represents a large group of basic region-leucine zipper (bZip) proteins that regulate diverse cellular responses. Here we carried out a comprehensive analysis of ATF/CREB family members in 22 representative animal species. The family probably originated from the early diverging metazoan and significantly expanded in vertebrates due to multiple whole genome duplication. Duplicates of atf6 were derived from 2R, and duplicates of creb1, crem, jdp2, creb5, atf4, atf5 and atf7 were products of 3R. We also isolated 21 ATF/CREBs, belonging to 6 subfamilies from Nile tilapia. Based on transcriptome data, most members were found to be dominantly expressed in the head kidney, heart, brain and testis. Some ATF/CREBs displayed sexual dimorphic expression in gonad at 5, 90 and 180 dah (days after hatching), but not at 30 dah. creb1a and atf4a were found to be expressed mainly in phase I and II oocytes of the ovary; while creb1b and atf4b mainly in spermatogenic cells of the testis, indicating divergence of duplicated genes from 3R which suggested neofunctionalization or subfunctionalization in gonad. This is the first genome-wide screening and evolutionary analysis of ATF/CREB family in different animals, particularly in teleosts. The expression analysis of this family in tilapia gonad provided a fundamental clue for understanding their important roles in sex differentiation and gonadal development in teleosts.


Assuntos
Fatores Ativadores da Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Evolução Molecular , Gônadas/metabolismo , Fatores Ativadores da Transcrição/genética , Animais , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/genética , Ciclídeos/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Masculino , Ovário/metabolismo , Testículo/metabolismo
10.
Environ Pollut ; 253: 882-888, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349197

RESUMO

The oriental river prawn, Macrobrachium nipponense, is an important breeding species in China. The ovary development of this prawn is regulated by the genetic factors and external environmental factors and has obvious seasonal regularity. However, the molecular mechanism of regulating ovary degradation in M. nipponense remains unclear. To address this issue, we performed transcriptome sequencing and gene expression analyses of eyestalks, cerebral ganglia (CG) and thoracic ganglia (TG) of female M. nipponense between the full ovary stage and degenerate ovary stage. Differentially expressed genes enrichment analysis results identified several important pathways such as "phototransduction-fly," "circadian rhythm-fly" and "steroid hormone biosynthesis secretion." In the period of ovarian degeneration, the expressions of Tim, Per2 and red pigment concentration hormone (RPCH) were significantly decreased in the eyestalk, CG and TG. And expression of 7 genes in the steroid synthesis pathway, including steryl-sulfatase, cytochrome P450 family 1 subfamily A polypeptide 1, estradiol 17ß-dehydrogenase 2, glucuronosyltransferase, 3-oxo-5-alpha-steroid 4-dehydrogenase 1, estradiol 17-dehydrogenase 1 and estrone sulfotransferase was significantly decreased in the CG. Food and light signals affect the expression of clock genes and thereby decrease the expression of RPCH and the estradiol synthesis-related genes in the nervous system, which may be the main cause of ovarian degeneration in M. nipponense. The results will contribute to a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms of ovarian development regulation in crustaceans.


Assuntos
Ovário/fisiologia , Palaemonidae/fisiologia , Poluição da Água/análise , Animais , Cruzamento , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Estradiol/metabolismo , Feminino , Ovário/metabolismo , Poluição da Água/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Life Sci ; 232: 116681, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344428

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to determine whether glucocorticoid receptor (GR) signaling, mitochondrial function, and local inflammation in the ovary and uterus are intrinsically different in rats with hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance compared to controls. MAIN METHODS: Female Sprague Dawley rats were exposed to daily injections of human chorionic gonadotropin and/or insulin. KEY FINDINGS: In both the ovary and the uterus, decreased expression of the two GR isoforms was concurrent with increased expression of Fkbp51 but not Fkbp52 mRNA in hCG + insulin-treated rats. However, these rats exhibited contrasting regulation of Hsd11b1 and Hsd11b2 mRNAs in the two tissues. Further, the expression of several oxidative phosphorylation-related proteins decreased in the ovary and uterus following hCG and insulin stimulation, in contrast to increased expression of many genes involved in mitochondrial function and homeostasis. Additionally, hCG + insulin-treated rats showed increased expression of ovarian and uterine NFκB signaling proteins and Tnfaip3 mRNA. The mRNA expression of Il1b, Il6, and Mmp2 was decreased in both tissues, while the mRNA expression of Tnfa, Ccl2, Ccl5, and Mmp3 was increased in the uterus. Ovaries and uteri from animals co-treated with hCG and insulin showed increased collagen deposition compared to controls. SIGNIFICANCE: Our observations suggest that hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance disrupt ovarian and uterine GR activation and trigger compensatory or adaptive effects for mitochondrial homeostasis, allowing tissue-level maintenance of mitochondrial function in order to limit ovarian and uterine dysfunction. Our study also suggests that hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance activate NFκB signaling resulting in aberrant regulation of inflammation-related gene expression.


Assuntos
Hiperandrogenismo/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Útero/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
12.
Life Sci ; 232: 116561, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31247208

RESUMO

AIMS: The poor prognosis of ovarian cancer is mainly caused by chemotherapy resistance. Studies show that the Bcl-2 inhibitor ABT737 can significantly improve the effect of cisplatin and induce mitochondrial pathway apoptosis. However, the mechanism of ABT737 increases sensitivity to cisplatin by regulating mitochondrial function remains unclear in ovarian cancer cells. Sirt3, as a histone deacetylase, is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial function in cancers. In this study, we intend to explore the mechanistic link between Sirt3 and mitochondrial dysfunction induced by ABT737 and cisplatin in ovarian cancer cells. MAIN METHODS: Apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry following Annexin V and PI staining. Sirt3 activity was assessed using Sirt3 deacetylase fluorometric assay. The mitochondrial membrane potential was examined by flow cytometry following JC-1 staining. Overexpression and knock-down of Sirt3 were confirmed by western blot analysis. Mitochondrial fission/fusion dynamics were detected by immunofluorescence staining or western blot analysis. KEY FINDINGS: Cisplatin accompanied with ABT737 promoted apoptosis and decreased mitochondrial membrane potential. ABT737 enhanced the sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin, which was partly achieved by activating Sirt3 to regulate the mitochondrial fission process. SIGNIFICANCE: This study identified the activation of Sirt3 played an important role in increasing sensitivity of ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin induced by ABT737. Furthermore, Sirt3 might represent a potential therapeutic target for ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Compostos de Bifenilo/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Sirtuína 3/metabolismo , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cisplatino/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/fisiopatologia , Ovário/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 127, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: For species survival, the germline must faithfully transmit genetic information to the progeny. Transposable elements (TEs) constitute a significant threat to genome stability due to their mobility. In the metazoan germline, their mobilization is limited by a class of small RNAs called PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) produced by dedicated genomic loci called piRNA clusters. Although the piRNA pathway is an adaptive genomic immunity system, it remains unclear how the germline gains protection from a new transposon invasion. RESULTS: To address this question, we analyze Drosophila melanogaster lines harboring a deletion within flamenco, a major piRNA cluster specifically expressed in somatic follicular cells. This deletion leads to derepression of the retrotransposon ZAM in the somatic follicular cells and subsequent germline genome invasion. In this mutant line, we identify de novo production of sense and antisense ZAM-derived piRNAs that display a germinal molecular signature. These piRNAs originated from a new ZAM insertion into a germline dual-strand piRNA cluster and silence ZAM expression specifically in germ cells. Finally, we find that ZAM trapping in a germinal piRNA cluster is a frequent event that occurs early during the isolation of the mutant line. CONCLUSIONS: Transposons can hijack the host developmental process to propagate whenever their silencing is lost. Here, we show that the germline can protect itself by trapping invading somatic-specific TEs into germline piRNA clusters. This is the first demonstration of "auto-immunization" of a germline endangered by mobilization of a surrounding somatic TE.


Assuntos
RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Retroelementos , Animais , Drosophila melanogaster , Feminino , Ovário/metabolismo
14.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 70(1)2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172974

RESUMO

Within the mammalian reproductive system sirtuin 1 and 6 (SIRT1, SIRT6) are considered to contribute to steroid hormone signaling and control of reproductive physiology. Therefore, the specific question is whether and how a commonly used dicarboximide fungicide with antiandrogenic activity, vinclozolin (Vnz) alters SIRT1 and SIRT6 expression and whether both investigated sirtuins positively affect survival of the follicles after vinclozolin exposure. Immunocytochemistry and immunohistochemistry were performed to localize SIRT1 and SIRT6 expression in cultured granulosa cells (GCs; 48 hours) and whole ovarian follicles (24 hours) after treatment with two androgens, testosterone (T; 10-7 M) and dihydrotestosterone (DHT; 10-7 M), and an antiandrogen, Vnz (1.4 x 10-5 M), separately and in combinations. Granulosal and follicular mRNA and protein expression of both sirtuins was also investigated by real-time PCR and Western blot. In addition, their concentration and activity was studied by immunoenzymatic and fluorescence assays. Our observations: (1) demonstrate the presence of both investigated sirtuins in ovarian cells, (2) show their potential involvement in the control of follicular atresia because of increased SIRT1/SIRT6 expression and SIRT1 activity after exposure to Vnz, (3) represent the first data on the interrelationships between sirtuins and androgens in porcine ovarian cells. Based on these findings and our previous results we can conclude, that SIRT1 and SIRT6 do not exert the protective effects in ovarian follicles after vinclozolin exposure. These novel data on the role of SIRT1/SIRT6 in porcine ovarian follicles shows that in the presence of the investigated fungicide, sirtuins are upregulated, which can induce apoptosis of follicular cells. Furthermore the androgen receptor sensitivity to ligands, especially environmental ones (for example: vinclozolin) might be directly linked with the mechanism of action of both investigated sirtuins in the porcine ovary, which requires further investigation.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacologia , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Oxazóis/farmacologia , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Androgênios/farmacologia , Animais , Di-Hidrotestosterona/farmacologia , Feminino , Ovário/metabolismo , Sirtuínas/genética , Suínos , Testosterona/farmacologia
15.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2631, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201301

RESUMO

Men and women differ in circulating lipids and coronary artery disease (CAD). While sex hormones such as estrogens decrease CAD risk, hormone replacement therapy increases risk. Biological sex is determined by sex hormones and chromosomes, but effects of sex chromosomes on circulating lipids and atherosclerosis are unknown. Here, we use mouse models to separate effects of sex chromosomes and hormones on atherosclerosis, circulating lipids and intestinal fat metabolism. We assess atherosclerosis in multiple models and experimental paradigms that distinguish effects of sex chromosomes, and male or female gonads. Pro-atherogenic lipids and atherosclerosis are greater in XX than XY mice, indicating a primary effect of sex chromosomes. Small intestine expression of enzymes involved in lipid absorption and chylomicron assembly are greater in XX male and female mice with higher intestinal lipids. Together, our results show that an XX sex chromosome complement promotes the bioavailability of dietary fat to accelerate atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/genética , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Lipídeos/sangue , Cromossomo X/fisiologia , Transtornos 46, XX do Desenvolvimento Sexual/sangue , Animais , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Dieta Aterogênica/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/metabolismo , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestino Delgado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Ovário/metabolismo , Fatores Sexuais , Proteína da Região Y Determinante do Sexo/genética , Testículo/metabolismo
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3842312, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058188

RESUMO

There are about 1-2 million follicles presented in the ovary at birth, while only around 1000 primordial follicles are left at menopause. The ovarian function also decreases in parallel with aging. Folliculogenesis is vital for ovarian function, no matter the synthesis of female hormones or ovulation, yet the mechanisms for its changing with increasing age are not fully understood. Early follicle growth up to the large preantral stage is independent of gonadotropins in rodents and relies on intraovarian factors. To further understand the age-related molecular changes in the process of folliculogenesis, we performed microarray gene expression profile analysis using total RNA extracted from young (9 weeks old) and old (32 weeks old) mouse ovarian secondary follicles. The results of our current microarray study revealed that there were 371 (≥2-fold, q-value ≤0.05) genes differentially expressed in which 174 genes were upregulated and 197 genes were downregulated in old mouse ovarian secondary follicles compared to young mouse ovarian secondary follicles. The gene ontology and KEGG pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes uncovered critical biological functions such as immune system process, aging, transcription, DNA replication, DNA repair, protein stabilization, and apoptotic process were affected in the process of aging. The considerable changes in gene expression profile may have an adverse influence on follicle quality and folliculogenesis. Our study provided information on the processes that may contribute to age-related decline in ovarian function.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/genética , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , RNA/genética , Animais , Reparo do DNA/genética , Replicação do DNA/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Humanos , Menopausa/genética , Camundongos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovulação/genética , RNA/biossíntese , Transcriptoma/genética
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8973076, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058195

RESUMO

Ovaries represent one of the primary steroidogenic organs, producing estrogen and progesterone under the regulation of gonadotropins during the estrous cycle. Gonadotropins fluctuate the expression of various steroidogenesis-related genes, such as those encoding steroidogenic enzymes, cholesterol deliverer, and electronic transporter. Steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1)/adrenal 4-binding protein (Ad4BP)/NR5A1 and liver receptor homolog-1 (LRH-1) play important roles in these phenomena via transcriptional regulation. With the aid of cAMP, SF-1/Ad4BP and LRH-1 can induce the differentiation of stem cells into steroidogenic cells. This model is a useful tool for studying the molecular mechanisms of steroidogenesis. In this article, we will provide insight into the transcriptional regulation of steroidogenesis-related genes in ovaries that are revealed from stem cell-derived steroidogenic cells. Using the cells derived from the model, novel SF-1/Ad4BP- and LRH-1-regulated genes were identified by combined DNA microarray and promoter tiling array analyses. The interaction of SF-1/Ad4BP and LRH-1 with transcriptional regulators in the regulation of ovarian steroidogenesis was also revealed.


Assuntos
Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Fator Esteroidogênico 1/genética , Transcrição Genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Ovário/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Células-Tronco/citologia , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
18.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 180: 168-178, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082581

RESUMO

Fluorene-9-bisphenol (BHPF), a substitute for bisphenol A, is a chemical component of plastics for industrial production. There is evidence that BHPF exerts an antioestrogenic effect on mice, induces endometrial atrophy and leads to adverse pregnancy outcomes. However, the effects of BHPF on oocyte maturation and ovary development as well as its possible mechanisms remain unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate the toxicity and mechanism of BHPF exposure in mouse oocytes in vitro and in vivo. Our results showed that BHPF could inhibit the maturation of oocytes in vitro by reducing the protein level of p-MAPK and destroying the meiotic spindle. We found that in vitro, BHPF-treated oocytes showed increased ROS levels, DNA damage, mitochondrial dysfunction, and expression of apoptosis- and autophagy-related genes, such as Bax, cleaved-caspase 3, LC 3 and Atg 12. In addition, in vivo experiments showed that BHPF exposure could induce the expression of oxidative stress genes (Cat, Gpx 3 and Sod 2) and apoptosis genes (Bax, Bcl-2 and Cleaved-caspase 3) and increase the number of atresia follicles in the ovaries. Our data showed that BHPF exposure affected the first polar body extrusion of oocytes, increased oxidative stress, destroyed spindle assembly, caused DNA damage, altered mitochondrial membrane potentials, induced apoptosis and autophagy, and affected ovarian development.


Assuntos
Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Disruptores Endócrinos/toxicidade , Fluorenos/toxicidade , Oócitos/patologia , Ovário/patologia , Fenóis/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Oócitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Oócitos/metabolismo , Oogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 408, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overfeeding reduces laying performance in broiler breeder hens, which is associated with obesity, hepatic steatosis and systemic inflammation. To unravel the underlying mechanisms governing the effect of feeding regimes on energy metabolism and egg production, a transcriptomics approach was carried out for screening differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in ovary, liver and adipose tissues of broiler chickens under ad libitum and restricted feeding. RESULTS: It showed that 289, 388 and 204 DEGs were identified in the adipose, liver and ovary, respectively. These DEGs were significantly enriched in phagosome pathway, lipid transport, activity and nutrient reservoir activity in ovary; steroid hormone biosynthesis and metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 pathways in adipose tissue; and the metabolic pathways, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and Jak-STAT signaling pathway in liver. Estrogen receptor 1, identified as one of important hubs by constructing PPI network, was up-regulated in ad libitum group, which would make more apolipoproteins be transferred to ovary. CONCLUSIONS: High expression of VTGs, APOB, CYBB and CTSS in ovary would induce excess lipid deposit, oxidative stress and potential damage to ovulation. Our results contribute to understanding effects of feeding regimes on metabolic regulation during egg production of broiler breeder hens and also provide new evidence of metabolic regulation from integrated multi-tissue processes.


Assuntos
Dieta/veterinária , Ovos/análise , Privação de Alimentos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transcriptoma , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Animais , Cruzamento , Galinhas , Feminino , Fígado/metabolismo , Ovário/metabolismo , Reprodução
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(19): e15698, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083274

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most common gynecological malignancies and owns the highest mortality rate among all gynecological malignant tumors. ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 9 (ABCB9) is an antigen processing-like (TAPL) transporter that has been found to be involved in the development and progression of various malignant tumors in accumulating reports. However, the potential role of ABCB9 in OC has never been reported.In this study, ABCB9 expression was evaluated in normal ovarian tissues and ovarian cancer tissues using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. And the associations between ABCB9 expression and clinical parameters of patients of OC were evaluated by Chi-square tests. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression analysis were performed to evaluate the prognostic significance of ABCB9. GSEA was performed to explore related signaling pathway.ABCB9 expression levels were significantly decreased in OC compared with normal ovarian tissues (P < .001). Low ABCB9 expression was associated with survival status (P = .0148) in OC. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that low ABCB9 expression was associated with poor overall survival in OC (P = .0032). Multivariable Cox regression analysis indicated that low ABCB9 expression was an independent prognostic factor (HR 0.64; P = .01) in OC patients. Besides, epithelial mesenchymal transition, UV response, and TGF-ß signaling were enriched in low ABCB9 expression phenotype, respectively, examined by gene set enrichment analysis.These results suggest that ABCB9 is an independent prognostic indicator in OC with certain clinical significance.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Ovário/metabolismo , Ovário/patologia , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA